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SONS OF MARYLAND
Terrors of War Brought Close Home
to Residents of National
Many Other Men From Neighboring
State Are With Forces at
Dangers of war have been brought
home In reality to many near neighbors
of Washington. Among those wounded
in the first three days of fighting are
three Maryland boj's. and there are many
others in service at Vera Cruz.
Knsign Paul Augustus Stevens, report
ed by Admiral Badger to have been one
of those injured. !s the first officer to
have been wounded in any of the skir
mishing. He was born in Maryland Feb
i uary 22, 1880. was appointed to the Na
val Academy July 1. 1009, from Delaware
and is at present detailed on the Minne
Kirk Christy, seaman, who was wound
ed in the capture of Vera Cruz, is a
native of Crisfleld. He is a son of the
late Louis W. Christy and is twenty years
He enlisted in the navy in 1012 in Bal
timore. While at home on furlough last
year he married Miss Mary Coleman. (
? laughter of Joseph.Coleman. With her.
infant son Mrs. Christy lives with her j
parents in Urisfield.
Mrs. Christy was informed by the Navy
Department that her husband had been ?
wounded, but the dispatch did not state j
whether severely or not. She was told .
that the department would keep her in- |
formed of his condition.
Hears Son Is Wounded.
Wiiliam H. Rickerds, West Soath street.
Frederick, has been notified that his son.
Timer Guy Rickerds. first-class elec
trician on the Utah, had been wounded
in the battle of Vera Cruz.
The father, eighty-six years old arid
partly blind, wept when he received the
news. Wiping away his tears, he said: !
My boy is tlchting lor a glorious cause ]
and it is the fortunes of war to be shot.'*
Rickerds is twenty-seven years old and
is serving his fourth enlistment in the
navy. He went to the public school until
fourteen, when he obtained a clerlcshio
In a local store. He frequently ex
pressed a desire to join the navy. Hi^
parents endeavored to disabuse his miutf
of the notion, but when sixteen years old
he secured their consent and went to
Philadelphia and en isted.
He was sent to a training school in
Newport. R. I., and six months later was I
assigned to the Monongahela. an appren- I
tice ship. He was transferred In sue- J
. ession to the Minneapolis. Vermont and j
Utah. He whs promoted several times j
und finally became first-class electrician. ?
i-ast April he spent a month at home on
furlough. He lias received a m^dal for
Wrote Regularly to Mother.
Since entering the navy he wrote to his
mother once a month, sending her remit
tances from his salary and telling her
of his travels around the world. She
died last February and his letters have
since been to his father.
"I feel anxious." said this father, "be
cause he is my youngest boy."
About a dozen other Frederick rtten are
on the vessels which are now in Mtxican j
James Hatch, son of Mr. and Mrs.
James Hatch of 1CD4 Clifton place. Balti
more. saw real service before Vera Cruz
on the United States cruiser Prairie, on
which he is a gun pointer. He is only
twenty-three years old and. is serving his
second enlistment in the navy.
He first enlisted in November. SUfiO. in
Baltimore and was honorably discharged
In June. 1913. Last November he re-en
listed and was assigned to the Prairie.
During his first enlistment he served on
the Des Moines. Birmingham and Dakota
as a seaman and was a member of the
l.ase ba'l teams of the Des Moines and
Young Hatch always expressed a de
fire to join the navy and when he finally
determined to go his parents did not ob
i??ct. Only last week he sent a letter to
M? home in Baltimore in which he said
there was plenty of fighting where he
was. meaning among the Mexicans, but
he was not involved in it.
Five Maryland Officers.
Five Marylanders are among the offi
cers ?f the troops that have been or
dered from Galveston to Vera Cruz, un
der the command of Brig. Gen. Fred
erick Funston. They are:
Col. Edward H. Plummer, in com
mand of the 28th Infantry.
Col. Millard S. Waltz, in command of
the 19th Infantry. *
First Lieut. Allen C. McBride. Field
First Lieut. Charles P. Hollingsworth,
8econd Lieut. Edward H. Bertram,
Commander Yates Stirling, jr.. in
command of a flotilla of torpedo boat
destroyers ordered to proceed to Mex
ico. and Lieut. Archibald G. Stirling, on
the United States battleship Utah, in
Mexican waters, are two of the Balti
more men who will be In the thick of
the tight, if prolonged war comes. Both
are sons of Rear Admiral Yates
Stirling, retired, who lives at 209 West
l^anvale street. Baltimore.
Lieut. Stirling went with the ba^e
snip Utah when that tighter was or
dere#i to the gulf. His brother'* in
structions to proceed in charge of the
flotilla of destroyers came only very
Commander Stirling is not new to
w arfare. He commanded a river gun
boat during the Philippine Insurrection
and during the war with Spain served
on the Dolphin in the Cuban naval
campaign. He has cruised around the
world and his record has won him dis
tinction In naval circles.
HEROISM AT VERA CRUZ. ?
Mr. Sabaths Tribute to Jewish Boys
in American Amy.
Kepresentative Sabath of Illinois paid a
tribute to the Jewish boys who distin
guished themselves at Vera Cruz, in a re
cent speech in the House.
He spoke particularly of Samuel Meis
senger of Chicago, enlisted under the
name of Samuel Martine. one of the first
four Americans to die In the skirmishing
at Vera Cruz.
"This is not the first time in history,"
he said, "that the Jewish people and the
foreign-born citizens have demonstrated
they are willing and ready to take up
arms in the cause of the land of their
He read also the nances of L. O. Friede.
Frank Drovak, H. J. Kaplan. W. Pow
kowskl, H. E. Boyle, Louis Kwapich, M.
Fitzgerald and Harry Reed of his dis
trict in Illinois, who wer? wounded at
OFFER FROM ROOSEVELT.
Reported Colonel Would Raise Cav
alry Regiment for Invasion.
It was reported today that Col.
Theodore Roosevelt has requested Maj.
Gen. Wood to present to Presi
dent Wilson his applicstion to raise
a regiment of cavalry to lnvadfe Mexko,
should an invasion be made. The re
port was not confirmed.
He spoke particularly of Samuel Meis
fered his serv ices in writing for a similar
purpose to President Taft. President Taft
in reply, thanked Col. Roosevelt, but ex
pressed the hope that such a drasti<
measure would not be necessary*
The offer to President Taft was made
just before the political split betwen th
two men. the volunteer writing to th?
President as "Dear Will" and the Pres
ident addressing his reply to "Dear Theo
GEN. CARRANZA ADVISED
NOT TO MIX IN TROUBLE
Constitutionalists Here Urge Him to
Maintain Neutral Attitude
Toward United States.
After a confer?tace at the State De
[ partment with Secretary Bryan, rep
resentatives of the constitutionalists
j here late yesterday telegraphed Gen. Car
j ranaa. advising that he maintain a neu
j tral attitude toward the United States
I in its difficulty with the Huerta gov
The message to Gen. Carranza. it was
said, contained what virtually was the
reply of the United States to his note
of several days ago protesting against
the occupation of Vera Cruz.
The constitutionalists in the confer
ence were assured that no offensive
movement from Vera Cruz was contem
plated by the United States, and that
as soon as reparation and amends
could he forced from the Huerta fac
tion the customhouse in that city
would be turned back to authorities
duly constituted to receive it.
Repreesntative Kent of California too'*
to the White House today a telegram
from :i friend in K Paso whom he de
scribed as well informed, stating that
in his opinion the constitutionalists would
remain quiet if "properly treated."
Hostility of Factions Jlevealed.
High officials of the administration
who were confident that the constitu
tionalists would remain neutral in the
present situation pointed to the,cor-!
respondenee between Gen. Joaquin Tel- i
lez. commander of the federal forcesj
at Guaymas. and Gen. Obregon, com- j
manding the constitutionalists at Culi
acan.'as a concrete evidence of the hos
tility of the two factious.
The federal general -had asked Obre
gon to join with him again8^the United
States, but Obregon replied that Huerta
was deliberately provoking a foreign
war and that while the constitutional
ists themselves protested against the
capture of Vera Cruz and would resist
invasion they would never come to the
assistance of Huerta troops.
Washington officials believe other
messages have been exchanged in in
terior pqints between the federal and
constitutionalist forces. They regard
ed as of the utmost importance Gen.
Obregon's declaration to Tellez. in
which he said:
"Should you be attacked by the
American boat now in the harbor of
Guaymas and defeated?as you always
are?we will allow |you to retreat, but
hold you as prisoners until we receive
instructions from Gen. Carranza as ,to
The American government is receiv
ing much information along this line
from the border.
ARRIVES AT VERA CRUZ
Accompanied by Family and Staff.
Consul General Shank] in
41so on Train.
Nelson O'Shaughnessv, American
charge at Mexico City, his family and
staff, and Consul General Shanklhi and
his staff, arrived in Vera Cruz from the
Mexican capital last night. Under date
of 6:30 p.m.. Rear Admiral Fletcher, at
Vera Cruz, reported to the Navy Depart
"Upon telegraphic request of Charge
d* Affaires O'Shaughnessy. the train left
here at " o'clock. Conveying Capt. Huse,
Lieut. Fletcher and TCnsign P. Todd, to
meet him. It also carried the family of
Gen. Maas and about 2T?0 Mexicans. At
about five miles out track was found
torn up for about three-quarters of a
4 Others on the Train.
"On the other side of the breach in the
track was a train from Mexico City con
veying Charge d* Affaires O'Shaughnessy
and others, as follows:
"Mrs. O'Shaughnessy, child and maid,
Capt. Burnside, Lieut. Rowan, Mr. and
Mrs. Parker. Mr. McKenna, Consul
General Shanklin and staff.
"The train was in charge of chief of
staff Gen. Corona, two aids and an
escort of about fifty odd troops.
"The transfer of passengers was
effected with some formalities. Greet
ings exchanged between the chiefs of
staff. Both sides carried flags of truce.
Mexicans Free to Leave.
4tThe rumor has reacHed Mexico City
that no "Mexicans were allowed to
leave Vera Cruz, and it was reported
that tn consequence Huerta would not
allow any more Americans to leave
Mexico City. Mexicans in Vera Cruz
have been allowed to leave at will, and
every facility and transportation
available has been given, but none
have been able to go out on trains.
Capt. Huse was directed to lay em
phasis on this fact, and to express a
strong desire to send daily trains to
convey Mexicans from Vera Cruz to
meet trains bringing foreigners from
Mexico City. Gen. Corona promised to
bring- it to the attention of Huerta."
WIRELESS FOR VERA CRUZ.
Powerful United States Army Outfit
Beady for .Shipment to Mexico.
NEW YORK, April 25.?A powerful
wireless outfit, said to be the largest ever
.constructed for use of an army in the
leld. is packed and ready for shipment
it' Bedloe's Island. Orders are expected
from Washington to forward the outfit to
The set was constructed by Signal
Corps men. and was originally intended
"or use in Alaska. It has a steel mast
290 feet high and five feet in diameter at
ts base. Its estimated radius is from
!,300 to 3.000 miles, and if set up at Vera
ruz, U will be able to hold comraunica
on with the great aerial Ration at Ar
lington. Va. _
a. _ . 1 > - --A- -
MAP SHOWING RAILROAD ROUTES FROM VERA CRUZ TO MEXICO CITY.
PER0TL^ IAS VIGAS
Practically All the Americans Out
of Chihuahua. Leaving
EL PASO. Tex.. April 23.?With the ar
rival here today of ninetyseven American
men. women and children, refugees from l
Madera, and twelve picked up by the'1
train at Chihuahua. Americans who have i
been leaving the country since the
Tampico incident are now practically all
out of the state of Chihuahua.
The remnant in the city of Chihuahua,
with the exception of a few who are de- |
termined to remain to the last, will
leave tomorrow on the regular train. At i
Xaeo. Douglas and Nogales on the ]
Arizona-Mexico border they are arriving
by tlie hundreds every day. and the staje
of Sonora. save in isolated ranches and
camps not yet reached by warnings, is
I now practically denuded of them.
Leave Property Worth Millions.
! After four years of revolution practi
cally every American in northern Mex
ico is now a refugee, and property worth
many millions of dollars in mines,
ranches, factories and other industries
has been left behind.
Many of these industries have remain
ed operative partially, at least, through
every difficulty and discouragement of
robbery* taxation, uncertain communica
tions and even personal danger of em
ployes. but almost the last one of those
Americans who built and maintained
them has been driven out by the develop
ments or the affair at Tampico.
W. W. Grubbs of Madera, where the
great sawmills have persistently but on
a constantly diminished scale manufac
tured their output, related a pathetic
incident of the departure of the Ameri
cans from that city.
""She closing of the mills meant much
to us." he :;aid "tut I guess it meant
more to the thousands of Mexicans em
ployed there. There was a big crowd of
them at the station when we went away,
and some fairly begged us to stay. I
don't know what will become of them,
no* that their employment in Bone. It
wa?-a sad scene, and we didn't have an
eneiny in the crowd. In fact, through
the whole trip we encountered nothing
but courtesy, and not a sign of enmity."
WANTS TO LEAD MARCH
Third United States Cavalry Anxious
to Repeat Its Performance
"The 3d Cavalry wants to lead the
advance from Vera Cruz, as it did in
1847," was the clarion call in a tele
gram from Col. A. P. Blockson, at Fort
Sam Houston, in command of the 3d,
to Brig. Gen. Hugh L. Scott, assistant
chief of staff.
This was Gen. Scott's former com
mand, and he declared that he had
done much while he was head of that
regiment to inspire the men with the
desire which was expressed in today's
PUBLIC OPINION IN CHILE
REPORTED AGAINST U. S.
Press Declares the War in Mexico
Is the Result of Want of
VALPARAISO, Chile. April 25.?Public
opinion here is bitter against the
United States as a result of the Mexican
crisis. In an editorial the Union asks
if there is any international morality,
"The war in Mexico is the result of a
want of common sense and of the revo
lutions in Mexico. The proceedings of
the United States are not justified.
ThaW country cannot be the judge of
foreign civil wars, and ought to have ,
limited its protection to .its nationals'
and its frontiers. The war against
Huerta offends the Mexican nation. |
The conflict will end, as on other oc
casions, in a new dismemberment of
Mexico. The punishment is out of pro
portion to the offense?the incident at
Tampico?and is a threat against the
rest of America."
The Mercurio says it is astonished at
the excessive importance attached to
the Monroe doctrine in Europe. It adds
that the Latin American republics are
in the aanie condition of perfect equal
ity as other nations, and are no* sub
ject to and never will accept foreign
INSULTS CAUSE BATTLE.
Gen. Caballero Fights to Avenge At
tacks on Americans at Tampico.
BROWNSVIIAK, Tex., April 25.?The
following report signed by Gen. Cabal
lero, rebel commander at Tampico, to
constitutionalist headquarters at Mata
moras. under date of the 24th, was
jztven out here today:
"Having come to my notice that the
federals in Tampico were offering fur
ther insults to Americans, I immedi
ately reopened my attack at 4 o'clock
this morning, and already have cap
tured the cemetery, where strong fed
eral forces- resisted. Expect triumph
>o Action by the Japanese.
TOKIO, Japan. April 25.?The Japanese
premier today authorized the statement
that "Japan has no intention whatsoever
of utilizing the present trouble between
the United States and Mexico to'secure
from the United States a satisfactory set
tlement of the California difficulty/'
THE METLAC BRIDGE, OX THE MEXICAN RAILWAY, WHERE THE AMERICAN TROOPS MAY MEET STRONG
RESISTANCE IF ORDERED TO MEXICO CITY.
RICH MEXICAN IS VICTIM
OF U. S. SHARPSHOOTERS
Always Professed Friendship for
Americans. But Is Wounded
After Suspicious Actions.
VERA CRUZ, April CristatfW Mar
tinez, a wealthy Mexican who always
had declared his great friendship for
Americans and whose wife was an" Ameri
can. escaped perhaps a more humiliating
finish when he died yesterday as the
result of a wound received during the
Martinez was in a house from which
persistent sniping operations were carried
on. It was suspected that he was the
author of the shooting. He was watched
and warned. Finally he was detected on
a balcony with his knees covered with
a newspaper. From time to time the
newspaper was seen to rise simultaneous
ly with a detonation. This evidence was
regarded as so convincing that Martinez
was shooting that he became a mark
for the American sharpshooters.
A stcel-jacketed bullet then buried it
self in him. The wound it made was
a serious one, but the friends of Martinez
inside the house hid him in order to pre
vent his arrest. This made impossible
his receiving medical treatment until it
was too late to save his life.
Martinez' wife is among the American
refugees aboard the steamer Esperanza.
She learned of the accusation against her
husband and of his being wounded, but
did not come ashore to see him, fearing
that such action might result in his dis
covery and arrest. She sailed for Galves
ton on the Esperanza not knowing of his
PAET OF FIFTH BRIGADE SAILS.
Four Regiments, Compirsmg 3,400
Men, Leave Galveston for Vera Cruz.
GAL/VESTON, Tex., April 25.?Twenty
hours after orders to start for the front
were received from Washington, the ex
peditionary force of the I'nited States
Army, four regiments of infantry, 3,400
Strong, many of them veterans of .Philip
pine campaigns, and carrying twelve ma
chine guns, sailed for Vera Cruz late
The Oth Cavalry and -the 4th Artillery
batteries did not get away because there
was no room for them on the four avail
able transports here, but will probably
sail today aboard commercial steamers.
The men who sailed wijh those who are
to follow comprise the 5th Brigade, re
inforced, commanded by Brig. Gen. Fred
erick Funston. They are,due in Vera
Cruz some time Monday.
BOUND FOR MEXICAN'WATERS.
Scout Cruiser Salem, F^st Navy Aid.
PJIIL.ADEL.PH1A. April 23.~The scout
cruiser Salem, one of the fastest vessels
in the navy, is expected to leave the,
Philadelphia navy yard this afternoon for
Mexican waters. The Salem is officially
attached to the special service squadron,
commanded by Hear Admiral Winslow,
which includes the battleships New York
and Texas and a number of smaller war
The destination of the Salem is said to
be Tampico. The cruiser will carry a
crew of 350 men and 70 marines. A
number of officers who have been or
dered to join Admiral Badger's fleet at
Vera Cruz will sail on the Salem. At
Tampico, it is said, a torpedo boat will
carry these officers to Vera Cruz.
The Salem is not expected to remain
long at Tampico. but will join the fleet
at Vera Cruz, because Admiral Badger
may find it necessary to use her power
ful wireless outfit.
PLANTER REPORTED ARRESTED
American Not Heard From for
Some Time Is Omaha Man.
OM,\HA, Neb.. April 25.?F. W. I Inner
of Omaha, reported arrested by Mexican
federal authorities, is owner of a small
sugar plantation near El Hulo. 135 miles
southwest of Vera Cruz. He also is gen
eral manager of a large plantation near
that place owned by Englishmen.
Mr. L#ehmer is thirty-two years old and
has spent most of his timeJn Mexico for
the last five years. His brother. Phillip
Lehmer, said today that he had not heard
from him for some time.
MAJ. RUSSELL TO HEAD
| BATTALION OF MARINES
| Among the Washingtonians Now
j Pushing to Vera Cruz on
: ' Morro Castle.
naj. j. h. Riismu
(?Copyrighted by Towlcs.)
Maj. John TF. Russell, U. S. M. C., who
sailed Thursday on the Morro Castle for
Vera Cruz, is ono of the Washingtonians
asked to move against the Mexicans. He
is a son of the late Admiral Russell, who
served with the American fleet which
took Vera Cruz during the first Mexican
Until; recently Mai. Russell was in
command of the legation guard at Pe
king, he coining to this city to take an
assignment at the Navy Department of
fices*. When the American landing at
Vera Cruz became a fact Maj. Russell
was at once ordered to command the i!d
I Battalion of the .'?d Regiment of Ma
rines there. He at once arranged to sail
on the Morro Castle, which left Philadel
phia, and on board of which he has as
companions Dr. George Tully Vaughan
and Dr. Richard M. Little of the Medical
Reserve Corps and Chaplain George Liv
| ingston Bayard of the navy, who was de
| taclved from duty at the navy yard and
ordered to Vera Cruz several days ago.
During the past few months Maj. and
Mrs. Russell have had an enjoyable time
in Washington. Mrs. Russell will remain
here indefinitely. ?
IN MEXICAN WATERS
Location of American ships in
Mexican waters, as announced by
the Navy Department:
Connecticut Des Moines
Vermont New Jersey
New Hampshire. South Carolina
Michigan \ Louisiana
San Francisco Hancock
Annapolis <en route from Acapulco)
Denver (en route from Corinto)
Just in?New Orleans (en route
PRECAUTIONS ARE TAKEN
FOR CANAL PROTECTION
Col. Goethals Issues Orders Placing
Zone on Strict War Footing.
Gatun Locks Patrol.
PANAMA. April 25.?Col. George W.
Goethals, Governor of the Panama Zone,
yesterday issued orders placing the Ca
nal Zone on a strict war footing. He
instructed MaJ. Gerhardt, commanding
the 10tl? Infantry, to send two companies
of infantry to patrol the Gatnn locks
and one each for duty at Miraflores and
Pedro Miguel locks. The soldiers were
given 100 rounds of ammunition each and
will camp near the locks!
The operating machinery of all the
locks will he securely locked and the
keys placed in the possession of Col.
It Is understood coast artillery com
panies will be distributed among forti
fications at both ends of the canal.
Col Goethals' action Is believed to have
been the result of anti-American senti
ment expressed in sheets which were
making their appearance in the streets
of Panama, and also shown editorially in
El Diario, which is strongly pro-Mexi
can There are 250 Mexican employes on
the canal, and their presence probably
also hail something to do with the action
of Col. Goethals.
Garcia Rodriguez, a Mexican resident
of this city, was arrested today by the
Panama authorities at the request or
the Canal Zone police. He is charged
with making Inflammatory anti-American
speeches, and probably will be deported.
ISSUES FORMAL PBAYEB.
Bishop of Washington Authorizes
Plea^ for Guidance and Peace.
A prayer for guidance for this gov
ernment and peace for Mexico has been
authorized by the Rt. Rev. Alfred
Harding, Bishop of Washington, to be
said in all churches of the diocese dur
ing the present troubled times. It is
"Oh. Lord God Almighty, who never
faileth to help those who trust in thee,
look down in mercy, we humbly be
seech thee, upon this nation, and guide
us in our high endeavor to establish
righteous government, true peace and
lasting prosperity among the sorely
troubled people of Mexico. Give wis
dom. courage and patience to the Presi
dent and his counselors and to the
senators and representatives in all
their undertakings. Defend our sol
diers and sailor**, strengthen them to
fulfill their tasks bravely and wisely,
and replenish them with the solace o.
thv holy spirit in every hour of suf
! fering. Sustain us in times of alarm
! and trial, and comfort them that mourn.
Deliver us. we implore thee, from the
horrors of war, and bless as well the
people of Mexico as of these United
States with a speedy and honorable
peace. "We ask these things in the
name and for the love of Him who
sittest on the throne judging right, thy
Son. our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ,
WILL BECEIVE DONATIONS.
Auxiliaries of Spanish War Veterans
to Open Headquarters.
Headquarters in which to receive do
nations of clothing and bed l'-nen to be
sent to the soldiers should they be called
Into service in Mexico will be established
by Mrs. Ida M. Galloway, national chief
of staff. Auxiliaries United Spanish War
Veterans, and Mrs. Cora M. Campbell, de
partment president, A. U. 8. ^^
trict of Columbia. Arrangements have
Just been completed. ^
Auxiliary members -will be in constant,
attendance and are now busy preparing
sewing machine operators, who will make
necessary ^^TreaT^t" A ca.l
the men be sent to the front.
Off for Vera Cruz With Supplies.
NORFOLK. Va.. April 25.?The L. S. S.
Vestal repair ship and tender for sub
ieft the Norfolk navy yard at
Vl SO o 'clock this morning, loaded with
supplies, bound for Vera Cruz.
If you want work, read the want col
umns of The Star.
Attack by Mexican Federals on
Their One-Time Stronghold Makes
I/ARBDO Tex.. April 25,-Smoldering
ruins ill what was once the populous
Mexican border town Xuevo Laredo and
hundreds of destitute refugees huddled
in every possible shelter here were
visible reminders today of the ciesolatioir
wrought late yesterday by Mexican fed
erals. who burned and dynamited their
Excitement occasioned when the Mexi
cans began firing across the interna
tional line and their sharp interchanges
With the United States border patrol
subsided quickly when the federals re
treated. but left a strong feeling of un
easiness in its wake. All night a rein
forced patrol, aided by citizen volun
thf river fro,,t- an<J heavy
guarus -were maintained at the two in
ternational bridges, it was feared other
m.m? t0 t'JMarni,f this means of com
,!'e tW? <OUntr'?
Attempt to Destroy Bridges.
Two Mexicans were shot yesterday in
attempting to destroy the bridges. Some
of the more nervous citizens fear another
visit of the federals to attack I.aredo it
seif. but army officials, though evrfn
precaution is being taken, believe there is
no danger There was no further trouble
during the night.
the' wlM d?1!;'1' ascertained today that
the wild shooting of the Mexicans had
OnnCthe0Mdeav?aSC tl,e A "tericaii side
J? Mexican- Side, however, destruc
i^.ra" c?mP'ete- Fires were still Imrn
no ,he Clty today. as there is
iLn.thi '8 apparatus available.
a~H larger buildings ruined is the
con8u'ate, which was first dyna
mited, the post office, tile municipal build,
v H . Co"rordia Theater, the Mexican
National railway shops, which in times
of peace employed several hundred Amer
leans, and the flonr mill. So far as
known, no lives were lost in the fire.
"MEXICO UNITED," SAYS
All Classes Ballying to President
Huerta. Daily Telegraph
LONDON". April 23.?Telegraphing from
Mexico City Thursday, the Daily Tele
graph correspondent says: "Three years
of fratricidal war was forgotten: in a
day the Mexican revolution ceased and
the nation was blended into a unity,
which seems formidable. The utmost en
thusiasm and devotion for President
Huerta was displayed by ail classes to
day and President Wilson s name was
greeted with howls of "death to the
Americans." Patriotic demonstrations are
unceasing. The Indian masses whom the
revolution was driving into anarchy now
are offering themselves as volunteers.
Thousands of women have offered their
service for active defense.
"J'1?, concentration of troops toward
'ra.( 'uz ,is beginning. All railway serv
?5w? *" been suspended and trains ai*e
tr^iSF "??SP'oye'1 for the transport of
troops.^ The stations along the line to
Vera Cruz are tumultuous encampments.
Japanese Making Demonstrations.
"The Japanese residents here are mak
ing great demonstrations. They cheered
before the foreign office today, and the
foreign minister appeared on a balcony
and addressed them upon the close union
between Mexico and Japan.
"A painful impression was caused by
the daring appearance of Mrs. Nelson
O'Shaughnessy. wife of the American
charge d'affaires, at - the wedding today
of President Huerta's son. During the
ceremony Mrs. O'Shaugnessy sat imme
diately beside Senora Huerta, and in the
procession had one arm of the commander
of the rural guards.
"This morning when Mexico City awoke
it was surprised to find the statue of
George Washington on Its pedestal, but at
the foot of the statue of Benito Juarez, a
GERMAN VESSEL HOLDS
CARGO OF AMMUNITION
Consignment to Huerta Not Landed
at Vera Cruz?U. S. Policy
The German vessel that carried the big
shipment of arms, which it was feared
might reach Huerta, has landed Its com
mercial cargo, but the captain of the
vessel, for reasons of his own, has not
put the ammunition ashore. There has
been no efTort on the part of the United
States forces at Vera Cruz to prevent its
J landing. The accepted theory here Is that
the ammunition was not landed because
of the certainty that It would not reacji
the consignee if deposited in the Vera
Americans to Collect Customs.
American naval officers will not inter
fere with the interior shipment of the
merchandise cargoes, but will collect the
customs and bold them untii reparation
has been made for all offenses.
Mr. Daniels reiterated that no foreign
vessels would be detained by tlie Ameri
can ships. To do so, he said, would be
an act of war. Kven tlie troops on the
Mexican transports were not interfered
h6a' . l ]?re allowed to land.
Those who landed were placed under
80t ashon'' 'n order
that they might not attack the Ameri
can forces who hold the customhouse as
an act of reprisal.
Moose to Emphasize Patriotism.
Patriotic songs are to be sung at all
meetings of the Loyal Order of Moose
Columbia Lodge. No. 126, during the
Mexican war, according to a decision of
members at a meeting Tuesday night
During the meeting word was received
that four members or the United States
i.aT? bad been killed and others woiuid
^ ^ era Cruz and a motion wes imme
diately made that the singing of Ameri
can patnouc songs be substituted for
the odes of the order, it was later de
cided to continue the singing of such
songs at subsequent meetings.
More Troops at Brownsville.
BROWNSVILLE. Tex.. April 23.?Two
troops of United States cavalry arrived
here last night from Fort Sam Houston,
immediately detraining and going into
camp at Fort Brown. The total military
strength on the lower border now is 800
AUSTIN, Tex.. April 25.?Thirteen
companies of infantry, two troops of
cavalry, a battery of Held artillery and
medical corps detachment of the state
National Guard were ordered yesterday
to mobilize at BrownsviUe to assist
I nited States troops and home guards
in protecting the Texas bord?^
U. S. STATUS IN MEXICO
DESIRED BY DIPLOMATS
Symptoms of Uneasiness Over In
definite Understanding, Especial
ly as Regards Shipping.
Symptoms of uneasiness over the pres
ent indefinite status of the relations be- ^
tween Mexico and the United Sta**?s are
beginning to manifest, themselves in the
diplomatic eirele. It is expected that vcr>
soon the attention of the Slate Depart
ment Mill l?e directed to the advisabilitv
jof issuing some statement to make ;t
clear whether or not a state of war actu
ally exists. Some of the diplomatic rep
resentatives here have been in receipt of
inquiries from their own governments
on that point and^here has been more or
less conference among them while they
are waiting for the situation to clarity.
The necessity for an exact definition of
the present status is baf*ed upon the de
sire of the great trading interests of th?
world to know where to look for indemni
fication for the heavy losses which they
will sustain through interruption of their
business} with Mexico. It" war is formal
ly declared. o?* if a blockade is proclaim
ed by the United States, which is re
garded as tantamount thereto, shipown
ers having fair notice will start cargoes
for the blockaded ports only at their own
risk and peril. But in the absence of
such declaration or proclamation ship
pers have a legal right to expect that thetr
cargoes shall not be seized or detained.
dealing of Situation Desired.
Reports from Vera Cruz indicate that
such treatment is b?-in?r accorded to for
eign shipping, at least in the ease of the
German steamer Ypirangia. and because
that course may be extended to other ves
sels it is expected that pressure will h?
brought to bear upon the State Depart
ment to clear up the situation.
It* now appears that the Hamburg
American liner is not technically under
detention by the American naval com
mander at Vera Cruz. Admiral Fletcher
was told by the captain that he had in
tended to remain in the port for some
time in any case: hence it was unneces
sary for the admiral to assent his au
thority. even if he had the legal right to
interfere with the ship's movements. Hut
in regard to the cargo of arms and am
munition it is said that be?viuse of the
actual possession of the port by the
Americans, with the extension over it o:
American sovereignty, the German ship
captain would undoubtedly recognize the
right of the American naval officers to
say whether or not the cargo could be
FRENCH MAY HAVE CHARGE.
Formal Orders Awaited for Control
of Mexican Offices in U. S.
Formal orders under which the archives
and other property of the Mexican em
bassy here afe to be turned over to the
safekeeping of the French ambassador
were being awaited today. Until they are
received the subsecretaries of the em
bassy staff will remain to look after the
chancellery. Then they will depart for
Toronto, Canada, where they will join
Mr. Algara. former charge here.
The French consul general in New York
will be given general supervision of all
Mexican consular offices throughout the
United States. If there are any places
where a Mexican consulate exists but no
French consul the representative of some
other country will be asked to look after
the interests of Mexico.
"UNCLE SAM" LATEST RECRUIT.
Veteran George Campbell, in Pic
turesque Attire, Wants to Enlist.
"Uncle Sam" has offered his services In
case of war with Mexico. George Camp
bell. a veteran inmate of the Soldiers*
? Edmonston photo, i
Home, arrayed in gray plug hat, black
coat, cutaway vest and striped red, white
and blue trousers, strolled into Washing
ton yesterday and applied at District
National Guard headquarters for a chance
to carry "Old Glory" when the citizen
soldiers with their relief corps Invade
Mr. Campbell made an ideal Uncle Sam.
He has seen real service and is anxious
to get into the fighting again in defense
of national honor. His hair is snow
white, he stands more than six feet in
height and is as erect as a regular.
PRESIDENT IS COMMENDED.
Efforts to Avoid War With Mexico
Praised by Peace Society.
President Wilson's actions in trying to
avoid war with Mexico were commended
yesterday in resolutions adopted by the
executive committee of the Washington
Peace Society. They follow:
"The Washington Peace Society desires
to convey to President Wilson and to the
members of his cabinet and his advisers
the assurance of deep sympathy and ap
preciation of his and their efforts to avert
"It cherishes the l^ope that even in the
face of the existing crisi? a way may yet
be found by which, with honor, the gov
ernment of the United States and the
people of the sister republic of Mexico
may so adjust their differences that mu
tual confidence may be re-established
and the two nations live in peace.
"It is." the belief of the society that the
people of the United States desire no ad
ditions to their territory, nor do they de
! sire to exercise power over any other
! territory than 'their own.
"The Washington Peace Society aalls
upon all who share the foregoing septi
ments to give expression thereto, thereby
sustaining the President in his difficult
task and conveying a friendly assurance
of good will to the citizens of our sister
Coxey and 14 Men Leave Pittsburgh.
PITTSBURGH, April 25.?In the face of
a driving rain "General" Jacob Coxey
and hi sarmy of the commonwealth, four
teen men. today marched out oY -Sewick
ley, a suburb, on their way to Washing
ton. Police here announced that the
army must keep moving after it enters
the city. gt