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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 26, 1914, Image 2

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Just as the President began hts confer
ence at the White House with the lead
ing democratic and republican members
of the congressional committees in
charge of foreign affairs.
Believe Course Is Sight.
The senators and representatives de
clined to be quoted about the new phase
of the situation, but those who discussed
it believed it was right for the United
States to accept irood offices, though not
agreeing in advance to any cessation of j
Its preparations for emergencies.
The feature of the p'an which some of |
the President's visitors Jauded was the
fact that the United States was joining
hands with three big nations of this
hemisphere, emphasizing pan-American
jiolidarity and a principle of the Monroe
doctrine." and at the same time showing
to Central and South Amerira as a whole
the peaceful intentions of the American
government.
The fact that Argentina. Brazil and
Chile have stood with the United States
in refusing to recognize the Huerta gov
ernment is an element in the situation
which rose conspicuously to the front as
discussion of the new situation turned
official circles for the moment at least
from thoughts of war to those of peace.
Course Difficult One.
It was generally realized that the task
of the tferee countries would be difficult,
for they Aave been dealing with Huerta
i?Iy as a de facto ruler and could not be
'??be involved in steps of formal recog
nition any more than could the United
states in its refusal to sign a written
protocol for the adjustment of the Inci
dents at Tampico and the demand for a
salute of the American flasr.
The South American diplomats met last
night after receiving the American gov
ernment's reply to their offer. While not
discussing It, it is understood they will
endeavor to compose the entire Mexican
situation in order to restore constitu
tional government in Mexico.
Those officials who have studied
Ffuerta's personality as It has been re
vealed to them and his stubborn indif
ference to any plan which would elimi
nate him from the head of the Mexico
?'ity government were skeptical of the
success of the peace plan. Also those of
ficials who know of Carranza's absolute
unwillingness in any way to compromise
with Huerta pointed to the undertaking
as extremely difficult, should it extend
beyond an adjustment of the Tampico
incident and the present relations be
tween the United States and the Huerta
authorities.
Might Be Willing to Yield.
On the other hand, the belief was ex
pressed in diplomatic circles that Huerta
might be willing to yield upon being con
vinced by the three principal nations of
South America of the true situation?the
possibility of a foreign war and inter
national complications generally, not only
with the United States, but with South
American countries who might support
the Washington government.
While administration officials discussed
the peace offer freely, and many did not
believe it would produce results, the fact
that the American government: had fa
vorably received the ^ood offices of three
Latin nations was regarded as of great
importance in the future to the relations
of the Pan-American republics to each
other. Some officials expressed the view
also that even though armed intervention
on an extensive scale became necessary
the United States would have completed
its record for a settlement of the Mexi
can difficulty through peaceful means.
View of Senator Stone.
Senator Stone, chairman of 'the Senate
foreign relations committee, said last
night regarding the offer of mediation:
"It has some excellent features. We
all know that Latin American countries
have been suspicious of our purpose in
Mexico. Many Latin Americans have
been very hostile to us. We have been
saying to them and to the world that we
entertain real friendship for them and
have sought to cultivate good relations
for them.
"Now the three most important of the
South American republics ask the United
States if it will consent for them to |
mediate so as to settle the differences be
tween the United States and Mexico. Our
acceptance of this offer will do more than
anything that has ever occurred to estab
lish confidence among all Central and 1
South American peoples in our good in
tentions. and will do more to cement to
gether the peoples of all the Americas in
every way than has ever been done be
fore."
Thinks Situation Dark.
Senator McCumber o fNorth Dakota, a
r-publican member of the foreign rela
tions committee, said that while he had
no wish to embarrass the administration,
and whilo he hoped for success of the
mediation plan, he thought the situation
looked dark and stormy.
Senator Bristow of Kansas, republican,
who took the ground that the mediation
rould only extend. In view of the atti- )
tude so far assumed by the United
States, to its demand that Huerta salute1
Th?r American flag at Tampico. said:
It is astounding that we should sub
mit such a matter to mediation.''
Representative Cooper, ranking repub
lican member of the House committee on
. o reign affairs, said after the conference
oat a11 those wh? had talked with the
President on the mediation plan had
agreed that It had great possibilities, and
that furthermore there was no opposition
to it on the part of the members of the
two committees present. Mr. Cooper said
he believed that if properly handled the
entire misapprehension on the part of
Latin Americans regarding the intentions
of the United States might be changed
to a more friendly attitude.
Stands by President.
Representative Flood, democrat, chair
man of the House foreign affairs com
mittee. expressed himself as entirely in
accord with the President's views. "I
hope," he said, "that the offer of media
tion will bring about a speedy cessation
of the difficulties In Mexico."
The offer of mediation and the an
nouncement by the President come Im
mediately upon the heels of a growing
spirit of discontent In the House on the
part of about twenty of the leading dem
ocrats. who believed they were being left
out of the administration's calculations.
Aggressive action in Mexico is what they
wanted to see. and on the ground that
the House reflects the opinions of the
people of the country they had prepared
to make their views known to the Presi
dent. Several of the members of the
House, including the chairmen of several
important committees, had about decided
yesterday afternoon to communicate with
the administration, but the statement
from the White House last night has put
a temporary halt to these plans.
Power of the Envoys
and Their Procedure
Attracting Attention
President Wilson's acceptance of medi
ation has centered the attention of In
ternational authorities on Just what the
irocedure will be and what "rood offices"
?re under the practice of nations.
The tender of the South American en
vois speaks of good offices and the re.
ply of the TTnlted States government
makes reference to Intermediation. Johr
Kassett Moore, former counselor of the
State Department and authority on in
ternational law. points out a distinctlor
between the case of Rood offices an<!
?nediation and says: "The demand 01
jtood offices or their acceptance does nol
??onfer the right of mediating."
John Hay, when Secretary of State
xaid:
The phrase good offices, being some
"hat elastic, should be confined to tw<
contingencies. In its first sense it cor
responds to the French term "offlcloux.
In Its second sense it Is allied to ar
bitral intermediation as an impartla
advisor of both parties, and not onlj
implies but requires the assent of botl
parties, and oftener a spontaneous In
vitatlon from each."
Used Interchangeably.
Tb. Hague convention usee the tw<
t"rms go?vl offices and mediation In
t?rcbanfnbl7. The Hague provision!
follow:
"Article II. In case of serious dis
agreement or conflict, before an ap
peal to arms the signatory powers
agree to have recourse, as far as cir
cumstances allow, to the good offices
or mediation of one or more friendly
powers.
"Article IIL Independently of this
recourse, the signatory powers recom
mend that one or more powers,
strangers to the dispute, should, on
their own tnitlative. and as far as
circumstances may allow, offer their i
good offices or mediation to the states
at variances. ,
"Powers strangers to the dispute have
the right to offer their good offices or
mediation even during the course of hos
tilities.
"The exercise of this right can never
be regared by one or the other of the
parties in conflict as an unfriendly act."
Work Will be Advisory,
That the work of the three South Amer
ican envoys in the present case will be
purely advisory and not be of binding
character appears to follow from article
VI of the Hague convention, which pro
vides:
"Good offices and mediation, either at
the request of the parties at variance, or
on the initiative of powers strangers to
'the dispute, have exclusively the charac
ter of advice, and never having binding
force."
The Hague convention also provides
that 'the acceptance of mediation can
not, unless there be agreement to the
contrary, have the effect of interrupting,
delaying or hindering mobilization or
other measures of preparation for war.
If mediation occurs after the commence
ment of hostilities, it causes no inter
ruption to the military operations in
progress unless there be an agreement ]
to the contrary." !
One Point Not Clear.
Most of the precedents on good offices
and mediation are those in which estab
lished governments are concerned, and
to what extent the practice would apply
to a de facto government is not clear.
But the adoption In the present case of
| the usual course of tendering good of
fices. and its acceptance by the United
States, would probably result in the
usual procedure being employed.
One of the precedents on good offices
was during the Cleveland administration
' and involved Mexico. At that time Sec
retary Bayard tendered to Mexico the
good offices of the United States in set
tling the conflict between Mexico and
Guatemala. Another precedent involv
ing Maxico was when that country and
France were in conflict In 1838. Then the
American minister to Paris. Mr. Cass,
was instructed to offer his assistance in
any form which might prove beneficial
and it wan added that the President
"would feel no delicacy in tendering his
good offices." President Buchanan also
sought to employ his good offices in the
war between Great Britain and France
i and the Chinese empire and there were
numerous other precedents under later
administrations.
Gen. Villa Hopes Huerta
Will Accept Mediation
JAUREZ. April 25.-Gen. Villa today
reiterated his statements with reference
to the American occupation of Vera
Crux.
"I hope they hold it for a while until I
can get down and take Mexico City," he
declared.
While the military leader of the revolu
tion was giving expression to such utter
1 ances to visitors from time to time, the
Carranza junta here was busy explaining
! that Carranaa, while not hostile, was
correct in resenting the seizure as an
affront to the Mexican nation.
I Gen. Villa, when told tonight of the
acceptance by the United States of the
| proposition made by Argentina, Brazil
and Chile, to arbitrate the differences
between the United States and Mexico,
said he hoped Huerta would also ac
cept this, clearing up the international
feature of the imbroglio and leaving
the people of Mexico to settle their own
troubles.
"The revolution may then be pros
ecuted without fear of international
entanglements," he said.
DOUBTS HUERTA WILL AGBEE.
| Senor Algara Says Mediation Plan
Not Likely to Be Accepted.
NEW YORK. April 25l?Messages re
j ceived here tonight from Toronto repre
sented A. Algara JcL de Terreros, recently
Mexican charge at Washington, as dis
inclined to think that the offer of media
tion by Brazil, Argentina and Chile
would be accepted by Gen. Huerta. This
belief was .based, in some part, at least,
on an incident of several months ago
when Mexico, according to his quoted
statements, rejected a tentative media
tion offer by the same three nations, be
cause none of them had recognized the
Huerta government.
"Mexico feels that these three coun
tries did not act in a very friendly man
ner by not recognizing the Huerta gov
ernment," the diplomat is quoted as say
ing.
PENSIONS FOR NEEDY
MOTHERS ADVOCATED
Affirmative Side Wins Annual De
bate of Washington College
of Law.
Instead of supporting Institutions that
care for dependent minor children, pro
vision should be made by law for the
payment of pensions to worthy and
needy mothers so that they may keep
the family together. Such was the de
cision reached last night at the annual
debate of the Washington College of
Law, held at the Players' Club, 1340
New York avenue northwest, by the
freshman class of the Institution. Ac
cordingly, the affirmative team, consist
ing of Miss Dora Palkin, H. F. Masman
and J. Emanuel, wss awarded the medals
which were to be given to the winning
side. The negative was upheld by Miss
Anna Spelch, W. P. Newton and J. C.
Naughton.
Mrs. Lillian Leonard, vice president
of the society, presided. The judges
consisted of Edgar B. Merritt, assistant
commissioner of Indian affairs; Mrs.
Rheta Childs Dorr and Tracy L.
Jeffords. The debate was under direc
tion of Dr. Paca Oberlin. |
Preceding the debate George Burton,
speaking for the class, presented to
Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey, honorary
dean of the college, one of the new
class pins recently adopted. A violin
solo was given by Harold S. Nachman.
The officers of the debating society
are: J. C. Naughten, president; Mrs.
Lillian Leonard, vice president; John C.
F. Palmer, secretary, and Miss B. Floye
Taylor, treasurer.
GOVERNMENT 1TEHT. "UNIQUE."
Representative Lloyd Discusses Dif
ferent Forms Under U. S. Flag.
That among the governments under
the United States flag the government
of the District of Columbia, is abso
lutely unique was the declaration of
Representative James T. IJoyd of
Missouri. In an address delivered at
the University Club last night on
"The Variety of Oovernments Under
the United States Flae."
Representative Lloyd said the peo
ple of the District of Columbia are
living under conditions which are
parallel to those which were largely
re?'onsible for the revolutionary war
?namely, taxation without represen
tation. He said he does not approve
of the commission form of govern
ment in vogue in the District, where
by the Commissioners are appointed
by the President
The speaker gave a brief description
of the forms or government in Alaska.
Hawaal, the Philippine#, Porto Rleo,
Guam and other island possessions of
the United States, as well as those of
the state governments.
a
OFFICERS WHO ARE DIRECTING THE FEDERAL FORCES IN MEXICO
International a/?ins &
RECENT PHOTOGRAPH OF GEN. HTJERTA A5D HIS STAFF. LEFT TO RIGHT?GEN. RAMON COCONA, CHIEF OF STAFF; J. LOZANO, MINISTER OF
COMMUNICATIONSi GEN. HUERTA, AND COL. GUASQUE, CHIEF OF POLICE OF MEXICO CITY.
Opponent of Two-Battleship Pro
gram Attacks Navy Spirit
"Graft," Asserts Witherspoon.
In face of a strongr current for ag
gressive action in the present Mexican
crisis, two members of the House
"smaller navy" element yesterday as
sailed with most bitter invective the
items in the naval appropriation bill
providing for an Increase in the naval
program by the building: of two bat
tleships.
Representative Witherspoon of Mis
sissippi, who several weeks ago de
clared that Navy Department figures
had been Juggled to present a case
for the advocates of a larger navy, said
angrily:
"In this bill there is a large amount
of graft."
"Steel Trust" Beneficiary.
Representative Hensley of Missouri,
another "smaller navy" mam who
spoke, said that retired naval officers
go up and down the land in the in
terests of various leagues, making
statements which fostered a war spirit
and consequently played into the hands
of "the steel trust." It was the steel
trust which Representative Hensley
credited with getting the benefit of
extensive warship building.
The attacks op the two-battleship
plan were drawn out by the glowing
praise which Representative Padgett
of Tennessee, chairman of the naval
affairs committee, had heaped upon the
naval officers of the American fleet.. His
speech was made in direct reply to
the charges, frequent of late, to the
effect that naval officers are acting
in bad faith when they recommend
large increases in armament.
, Padgett Criticises Opponents.
Speaking to members of his commit
tee who signed the minority report, he
?aid:
"They say, by innuendo and insinua
tion and by the use of such words as
?grafters,' that the officers of the navy
are disregarding the true interest and
welfare of the navy. There is abso
lutely no foundation for the charge.
It is a slander upon as honorable, as
noble and as patriotic a band of
officers as ever dedicated their lives
to the services of their country.
"I stand before vou to repudiate
those insinuations. I propose to show
you that there is more misstatement
comprised in the speeches and utter
ances upon this floor on this subject
than was ever before embraced in the
same length of time."
Replying to Representative Wither
spoon's statement that there Is not a
ship In the German navy equal to the
old Oregon, and that the Oregon could
whip any six German battleships. Rep
resentative Padgett said:
"That is the most remarkable state
ment I have ever seen put upon a
printed page."
MARINE CORPS OFFICERS
ON THEIR WAY TO MEXICO
Navy Department Announces Names |
of Those Bound to Pacific
Coast and Vera Cruz.
Announcement was made at the Navy
Deportment of the commissioned organi
zation of the two regiments of marines
now en rout to Mexican porta.
The officers ordered to embark on the
South Dakota and Jupiter at San Diego
for duty with the 4th Regiment on the
Pacific coast are: Col. J. H. Pendleton.
Majs. J. T. Myers, W. N. McKelvy and
W. G. Powell. A. P. M.; Capts. F. J. I
Schwable, A. Q. M.; J. McE. Huey, W.
H. Pritchett, C. H. Lyman. J. N. Wright.
L. S. Willis and G. M. Klncade, First
Lleuts. John Potts. A. D. Rorex. T. D.
Barber. B. M. Reno, F. A. Gardener and
E. P. Moses, Second Lleuts. D. to.
Gardner, Jr.; M. R. Thacher, Oliver
Floyd. Richmond Bryant and D. C. Dun
can, Paymaster Clerk L. W. Wright and
Field Clerk J. W. Mueller.
The following officers embarked on '
the steamer Morro Castle wim the
3d Reffiment of Marines, bound for
Vera Cruz: Col. J. E. Mahoney, to com
mand 1st Regiment; Col. F. J. Moses
Maja N. H. Hall and J. H. Russell.
Capts. R. C. Dewey. A. Q. m.; D B.
Willis. A. P. M.: H. H. Kipp, R. s.
Hoojter. J. T. Buttrick. T. H. Brown
C. S. Owen. C. B. Taylor and R. B
Sullivan; First Lieuta C. F. B. Price, H.
F. Wirgman, E. H. Bralnard. T. S.
Clark and W. S. Harrison; Second
Lleuts. J. L. Mayer. N. C. Bates. L. B.
Stephenson. C. A. E. King. H. C. Pierce.
P. C. Marmion. D. B. Roben, G. W. Van
Hoose. P. T. Case, J. B. Sebree, T. A.
Secor, V. E. Stack. C. H. Metcalf and
A. H. Turner, and Paymaster's Clerk L.
L. Dye.
FRANCIS JOSEPH BETTEB.
Departure of Emperor's Daughter
Indicates Improved Condition.
VIENNA. April 25.?The official bulletin
on the condition of Kmperor Francis
Joseph, issued tonight, says:
'The catarrhal symptoms are un
changed; appetite and heart action
good."
The emperor's daughter. Archduchess
Mmrle Valerie, returned this afternoon
to Wallsee, which is taken as an indica
tion that anxiety on the emperor's ac
count is diminishing.
TWO OF THE THREE DIPLOMATS WHO
OFFER SERVICES IN PROPOSED MEDIATION
OF AMERICAN-MEXICAN CONTROVERSY
D. DA OANAf
Ambassador from Brazil.
ROMULA S. NAON,
Minister from Argentina.
SIGNS ARMY BILL.
President Affixes Signature to Vol
unteer Measure.
President Wilson has signed the volun
teer army bill, which provides for the or
ganization of volunteer forces in time
of war. Under the measure, bodies of
state militia would be taken into the
federal service with their officers, who
would be commissioned by the Presi
dent.
On that basis a call for 250.000 volun
teers probably would be apportioned as
follows:
Alabama 5,<
Arkansa* 4,
California 6,
Colorado 2,
Connecticut 3.
Delaware
Florida 1,
Georgia 7,
Idaho
Wllnois 16,
Indiana M,
Iovra 7,
Kansas T>,
Kentucky 0,
Louisiana 3.
Maine 2,
Maryland 3,
Massachusetts ... 9,
Michigan 8,
Minnesota f>.
Mississippi 4.
Missouri 10,
Montana 1.
Nebraska 4,
Nevada
000 New Hampshire. 1,504
.VX> New Jersey 594
474 New York 25,024
(J48 North Carolina.. 5,618
214 North Dakota... 522
700 Ohio 14.4JJ6
,500 Oregon 1,5<VS
,428 Pennsylvania ... 21,538
464 Rhode Island... 1,421)
,006 South Dakota... 2,7<K)
,640 South Carolina.. 1,404
,544 Tennessee 6,120
.564 Texas 8,458
,814 I'tah f>50
,.180 Vermont 1.266
.512 Virginia 5,574
,884 Washington .... 2,356
442 West Virginia... 2,770
738 Wisconsin 6,048
746 Wyoming 462
314 Arizona 362
822 New Mexico <560
046 Dist. of Col'Ma. 898
822 Oklahoma BOO
474
AMMUNITION TO BE STOKED.
European Powers to Be "Onlookers."
PARIS, April 1!5.?The Liberte, which
Is usually in close touch with the
French foreign office, says the European
powers have decided to keep strictly to
the role of onlookers in the controversy
between the United States and Mexico.
Colombian Press Favors Mexico.
PARIS, April 25.?The majority of the
newspapers of Colombia today express
views favorable to Mexico, according to
a dispatch from Bogota to the Havas
news agency.
700 Tons for Huerta Awaiting
Shipment at Antwerp.
ANTWERP, April 25.?Seven hundred
tons of ammunition for President
Huerta of Mexico, which is awaiting
shipment, probably will be stored here
utitil end of hostilities, the steamers
sailing for Mexjcan ports declining to
carry contraband.
The steamcfr Cayo Bonito has can
celed her sailing May 3, with 600 tons
of ammunition already shipped. Mexi
can agents are known to be here, and
are endeavoring to arrange for the
shipment, but money Is lacking.
Cardinal Offers Services.
BOSTON, April 25.?Before sailing to
day for Rome to make his apostolic
visit to the Vatican, Cardinal O'Connell
sent two letters, one to President Wil
son at Washington, and the other to
Gov. Walsh, saying he was about to
leave, according to arrangements made
before the Mexican crisis, but that If
his services should be required he
would return immediately.
WORK OF MEXICAN BRIGANDS.
American's Wife and Child Killed
and Ranch Robbed.
TAMPA, Fla., April 25.?How his wife
and child were killed and he himself
seriously wounded by Mexican brigands
who devastated his ranch near Vera
Cruz April 7 was related here today by
Joseph Smith, an American, formerly a
resident of Tampa. Smith arrived late
yesterday from Havana.
"After killing the other members of
my family," he said, "the bandits shot
me twice and left me for dead. When
I regained consciousness ail of my ranch
buildings had been burned and my live
stock driven away."
Cause
The Evening Star with its ONE EDITION
is believed to have double the combined paid cir
culation in Washington of the two afternoon
editions of its evening competitor.
Effect
The Star frequently prints more advertis
ing than all three of the other daily papers com
bined.
WEEKLY CIRCULATION STATEMENT.
1914.
Saturday, April 18 70,034
Sunday, April 19 51,665
Monday, April 20... 76,821
Tuesday, April 21.... ,..*103,512
Wednesday, April 22 77,474
Thursday, April 23..., 77,397
Friday, April 24 77.5a7
?Including full size extra.
AFFIDAVIT.
I solemnly swear that the above statement represents
only the number of copies of THE EVENING AND SUNDAY
STAR circulated during the seven days ended April 24.
1914?that Is, the number of copies actually sold, delivered,
furnished or mailed, for valuable consideration, to bona
fide purchasers or subscribers?and that the copies so
c ounted are not returnable to or do not remain in the office
unsold, except in the case of papers sent to out-of-town
agents only, from whom a few returns of unsold papers
have not yet been received.
FLEMING NEWBOLD,
Business Manager.
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
District of Columbia, ss.:
Subscribed and sworn to before me this twenty-fifth
day of April, A.D. 1014.
E. E. RAMEY,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Ct'Nt. OJN;
Widow of Former Secretary of
State Expires in New
York.
NEW YORK, April 25.?Mrs. Clara
Stone Hay, widow of John Hay. the late
Secretary of State, died today at the
home of her daughter. Mrs. Payne Whit
ney. in this city. She arrived here from
Washington a few days ago on a visit
and became suddenly 1U today. She
lapsed quickly Into unconsciousness and
died shortly afterward. Her daughter
were8wlsrent?ther mem^n ot
Mrs. Hay was a daughter of Amm
rnnrf8 Cleveland. Prominent as a rail
^ he ,hn ,,and Philanthropist.
i?-a w. *he ,wlfe of John Hay In
iiv'o' i?. S?r J?ls ath Bhe continued to
h'n?ton- One of their four
fZdTw^r,na'C&byie^
M^lJfys hea.'hhad a marked effect on
LAUNCHED AT BRISTOL
Centerboard Sloop Resolute Chris
tened With Wine by Grace
Vanderbilt.
BRISTOL, R. I.. April 25 ?The center
board sloop Resolute slipped down the
ways at sunset today, the first of the
three American cup defense candidates
,the water- She will be rigged
Immediately and is expected to show her
?^n? ab'"tles a week from today.
f,C'uf^ d'nienslons of the yacht will
be withheld and even her rating may
loot*<\knrn- *xcevt approximately. She
looks to be about 107 feet over all, 21
feet beam and 13^2 draught.
r^?Ur ? the ?Wners wero Present, Vice
Commodore George F. Baker, Jr for
mer Commodores P. G. Bourne and Cor
nells Vanderbilt and former Vice
w'J?""7 Walters. Manager
Robert W. Bmmons, jr. war _[U.
Charl?jftFrancis CWkrk?
ujwif S? ?'reT?ny by "mashing a bot
l J *n.e on the port bow as the yacht
started down the ways. Salutes wore
fired and whistles sounded on the tender
Th? 2Law thS steam yacht Viking.
The Resolute floated off easily and
was soon hauled alongside the wharf, i
MEDIATION PLAN GIVES
OFFICIALS NEEDED REST
Sudden Halt in Activities of State,
War and Navy
Departments.
So suddenly did activities at the State,
?ar and Navy Departments let up last
night, following announcement of accep
tance of the proposal of the three Latin
American ABC nations to mediate the
differences between Huerta and the
t nlted States government that It was
almost alarming to those who have been
In the hustle and bustle of the past week
In the big gray building.
Officials and employes alike left the de
partment early. Where bright lights had
burned all night during the greater part
of last week, the rooms last night were
early darkened and workers went home
to enjoy a much-needed sleep, practical
ly safe In the belief that it would be
uninterrupted.
Although ships of the navy and troops
of the army now on their way to Vera
c? will not have their orders rescind
ed there now is expected to be a short
lull in the proceedings while the diplo
matic representatives of Argentine r?
differences!1116 t0 ^
Kven the heads of the departments
are going to take advantage ofthil
mark-time proceeding, and will sleep late
tomorrow, reaching the department
about 11 o clock. As Secretary Garri?,n
said last night, he would like7o havT^e
restful night of sleep, and be able to
CaM?V\?aSt t ? cl0ck in the mornfnl. t0
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, who last
week, relinquished his detail as 'ch"f
of staff, and who, it was announced at
that time, would command any tVrcZl
that might be sent to Mexico wal fn
! conference last night with SecrStar?
Garrison, Assistant Secretary Breck^fT
ridge and Maj. Gen. Wotherspoon t?e
new chief of staff, following Secretary
Garrison s conference with the Presl
At the State Department last night all
was dark. Officials there, too, were .ak
Ing advantage of the temporary susnen
sion of activities to make up foMM
lost sleep.
It Is the opinion of those who h?v?
been following the movements in eon
nection with the Mcxlcan situation dur
ing the last few days that It will be at
least four days before anything definite
in the movement for mediation can taka
place.
Army and Navy Held Sure to
Work in Perfect Accord at
Vera Cruz.
MARINE BRANCH SUFFERS
WHEN AT DUTY ASHORE
Maas' Promised Attack Proves a
Vain Threat?No Indication of
Likelihood of Early Attack.
BY WINGBOVE BATHON,
SUIT OKresnoBdeiat of Tbe SUr with the Amor
lean forces at \era Oruz.
VERA CRUZ. April 23?Any Mexican
l0n,niLW arms ,n Vera Cruz tonight
will be executed by the American force..
I his is the announcement that went
orth tonight. It was promulgated to
warn the peons freed by Gen. Maas be
fore he fled from the city, and who have
been doing most of the sniping, and to I
silence as nearly as possible the inter
mittent night firing that has vexed the
marines and bluejackets.
Sniping must be stopped at once."
mand but thi *hf> is in com
thtt the w ? not literally mean
added bv .h i e,MU,lon be
anaed by the American forces to the
Piagudd'^eS *"1? devastations that have
iXS^nf ty>, Admlra-: Badgers
fo? the I'LTr* ?/ order an*l respect
kinrt^r American forces, linked with
where fhev succor for the inhabitHnts
with th!l r- i? P?i come in,? conflict
tolline Th "'ted States emissaries, is
th?t?h,?. W'P'e are coming to know
that they can trust him, either to keen
inJLT 4 there "'"I be no summary
ertieserorCf "?th, their r|ehts and prop
erties, or to deal out punishment whero
lshevK tow ,hat h- ?SktahS
Gen. Maas' Threat Vain.
Tiie promised attack by Gen. .Maas to
retake the city proved a vain threat.
Ht'ilt Wf "? '"dication all day of any
likelihood of an early assault on Vera
truz. A battalion of marines from th.:
South Carolina Is well intrenched nearly
cantfaim",eS W"8t "f th" city toward the
5roL" wh,ch direction the ap
be maH?. MSJ1S army Probably will
throwh?^' = TonlKht, Admiral liadser is
Jackets f,,?h ar1 ? marines nnrt blue
jackets further beyond the city. There
*n? ehanee whatever of surprise, and
frf?r thl hr'K"r i" slowiv b'" surely lay
a?flin' f .-b"''so J?/ military operations
a!:.SVMex,co Citv That campaign mav
are Lint ?arriedJ OUt- but Preparation's
f^ hf a forward 3ust as though It was
know "nderVken " o^e. The citizens
SSL1*? If "2 blu(r about the United
States attitude here and that assurance
Is being sent Inland to the capital
wl?1 ,wi" aoon be command
here, with the intent that they will pre
pare for a campaign to either capture
Huerta or drive him out of the country.
It was understood here today that or
ders have been given for another brigade
fr0om0G?aTveshton0ne th<lt S<iUed 5eSt"day
There is no question of conflict between
the army and navy about authority Sec
retary Daniels has notified Rear Admirals
re^f.JL Fletcher that they are to be
relieved, as soon as practicable, by army
thef&rXtf ,higu naVal offlce? confirm
v . Reeling of co-operation that
exists between the two arms of the
American fighting force.
's not to be presumed." said one of
the fleet commanders to me todav "that
Ve^T^V' ,he navy '? operating
I any other city will last
one day longer than is necessarv in
tlon?'h ^lplomat'c and political considera
tlona before substituting the army.
Army Can Do Work Cheaper.
"Expensive gun captains, torpedo gun
ners and mechanical experts of the fleet
have been specially trained for a different
kind of service than they are performing
here. They are. as It were, out of their
element But the army, which is rated
pay organization, .has been
trained for precisely the sort of tield
U would be called upon to
perform in a campaign in Mexico. The
army could do the shore work better and
cheaper than the marine force. That is
wby *5?wi1' ho sent here to do it.
hi,,";,1 J* there are but 5,000 marines and
kjueJackets ashore, there are about 15.000
heri TV,?6? enK?ged,ln the operations
ft it navy deteriorates every day
engraged in such work out of its
SEE? element; The gunners lose ar
?:acy away from their gun-training
?>. the benefit of their
daily drills. They are broken awav ft?
the routine of their dally lives. ar?d ro?
tine means everything In the navy
weekethePoCn that bywthta tlm? next
week the one army brigade ordered
here will be established ashore and
?hf Populace will have learned that
thej have nothing to fear from ag
gressions of the soldiers Then the
dl-aw'J,63 \vd bIueJackets will be with
drawn. \\ e may, however, be kept In
?i^?h? wate?"s and particularly guard
^ ? port for a Ion? time
will be kept here with our biff
trained over the city, reminding that
we are prepared to come instantly to
the defense or support of our brothers
In arms And when the army e"
gineers have taken over and put in
condition the railroads to the Mexican
capital and to other cities that exi
^encies of the war may force the
j-nlted States Army to approach, it will
be possible for the 15.000 marines and
vi"ln hi 8 l? render expeditious and
valuable services as a reinforcing body
presseder* " eV"' the army hard
Aim to Educate Populac?.
"It will be the first duty when the
array lands here to convince the citizens
that the soldiers are here with but one
purpose, to punish Huerta and those who
come to his supporj. and that the Presi
dent meant Just what he said when he
affirmed the United States hoped to see
the Mexicans soon readjust their own
government and enjoy peace, and that
the United States had no quarrel with
the Mexican people as a nation, but with
the dictator, who. by repeated insults
and affronts, had defied and scorned the
honor of the United States.
"When the populace learns, as we hope
we are teaching them, that we are glad j
to feed them, to shelter them, to pro
vide for their health by sanitation, and
that we will help to nurse those whom
our guns have wounded, then they will
offer no resistance, but really aid us by
spreading a pacific feeling among their
countrymen.
"Don't let any one try to persuade you
that there is any conflict of authority
between the army and the navy here.
We are working in co-operation and we
are frank to admit that the army can do
better work ashore than the navy."
TWO SUFFER FROM POISON.
Mrs. Euth Chase and A. L. Steele
Sent to Hospital.
Mrs. Ruth Chase, colored, twenty-two
years old, residing at 419 3d street south
west, was taken to Emergency Hospital
last night suffering from the effects of
poison. The police, following an investi
gation, reported that Mrs. Chase swallow
ed the poison after she had had a heated
argument with her husband. After re
ceiving necessary treatment she was sent
to a ward. Her condition may be seri
ous.
Archie I>. Steele, twenty-three years
old. who resides at 1116 K street south
east. last night drank poison while at his
home. Relatives found him before he
lost consciousness and had him taken to
Casualty Hospital. It is expected he will
r*?<rv?VAr
ROOT GIVES PLEDGE
TO UPHOLD WILSON
Senator Declares American
People Should Loyally Sup
port Head of Nation.
HAS SPECIAL REFERENCE
TO AFFAIRS IN MEXICO
Address at Banquet of International
Law Association?Secretary
Bryan Also a Speaker.
i Senator Root expressed his confidence
in and pledged his support to the Presi
dent of the United States in the strongest
terms at the banquet which last evening
concluded the eighth annual meeting: of
the American Society of Internationn;
Law and over which he presided as to&st
master.
"I have been feeling" very unhappy dur
ing the past few days." said the senator
from New York, "over our affairs :u
Mexico. It is not within the possibility
of humar. nature to avoid differences o"
opinion as to policy, and every one who
has a duty to perform must act accord
ing to the dictates of his own conscience
and judgment in the performance of his
own duty. I wish the cup might pass
? from us, but the President has actcd on
J his responsibility and conscience.
i "He is the head of this great nation,
i It is for the nation that he acts. N\?
matter how wt may have differed m
our opinions of policy in the past. w<j
must all. every one of us. stand loj -
ally by him. There must be no back
ward look, but forward for the suc
cess and honor of our beloved country,
which we best serve in loyal support
of the chief magistrate, upon whom
rests the responsibility of leadership.
Tribute to the President.
"Thank Heaven, we have a President
(here his voice trembled with emotion)
in whose lofty character, sincerity of
purpose and genuine desire to do what
is right, wise, patriotic and best for the
country and for humanity we can trust
absolutely. I trust it. 1 have differed
from him in questions of policy, and
doubtless shall again, but I have confi
dence in the character and purpose of
the President of the United States. H<
is my President and I will stand behind
him in his leadership. And so, gentle
men, I ask you to rise for the first regu
lar toast of the evening, the health of
the President."
In discussing our foreign relations and
our attitude toward them Senator Root
said, in part:
"Just at this moment there Is, I think,
one of those occasional situations in our
country which will be in the highest de
gree educating, stimulating and Inspiring
along the lines of our thought and In
terest. We In the United States are so
isolated that In the past we have be< ;
too prone to think of our foreign affairs
as something vague, indirect and
academic, and for that reason the great
American people have not taken a very
lively interest, as a rule, in their foreign
relations.
Progress of Democracy.
"The American democracy has year
by year been coming more and mo:?
into its own, to a more direct and all
embracing control over the affairs of
the government. If the American peo
ple are to conduct their own foreign
affairs as they are their own goveri
ment they must know something about
international duties as well as inte -
national rights. The growth of our
democracy in the assertion of its right *
has gone in advance of its realization
of its duties. It must learn that ther??
is no duty without a right, and no
right without a duty.
"The wicked wars, the injustice, arro
gance, insults of nation against nation,
arise in these days not from the ambi
tion of monarch8, or the whim, prejudice,
greed or animosity of the men at the top.
but from the mistaken understandings
and unrestrained impulses of the grea
democracy to whose impulses we all re
spond. And. for th? peace of the world
and for the prosperity of our own coun
try. there can be no higher duty resting
upon educated Americans than the duty
of offering all over our country a leader
ship of instructed public opinion as to
what is right and just and honorable for
the American people in their foreign af
fairs."
Bryan Supplies Feature of Interest.
A feature of Interest to tliose in at
tendance was the reading by the Sec
retary of State, the final speaker of the
evening, the offer of mediation which
came yesterday from the republics of
Brazil, Argentina and Chile, together
with the administration's reply to the
representatives of those three coun
tries.
"As a believer in reason and one who
looks forward with longing and confident
'belief to the time when nation will not
rise up against nation,*' said Mr. Bryan
in his address to delegates and guests
distinguished in international law, * I
welcome the international lawyer as one
of the greatest agencies for the promo
tion of world-wide peace, and I am glad
to be associated with you. not only be
cause of the responsibility of your pro
fession and the high standing of tliose
who train themselves to the profession of
law, but more proud because of the pros
pective work that you will engage in as
you help to raise disputes first to the in
tellectual and then to the moral plane.
"When we settle our differences on
an intellectual basis there is still some
opportunity for the strong to take ad
vantage of the weak; but when we
settle our differences on a moral basis,
it is a question of right and nut of
might."
Other speakers were Representative
Stevens of Minnesota and Prof. Coo!
idge of Harvard University, who has
recently been lecturing in the Sor
bonne in Paris under the exchange
system.
Among those present were: Senator
Root. Secretary of State Bryan. Oscar
S. Straus, Charles Nagel. Representa
tive Slayden, Representative Stevens.
A. B. Johnson, Admiral C. H. Stockton.
Prof. George G. Wilson, Capt. J. H
Oliver, Admiral J. P. Merrell, C. J. B
Hurst, H. A. Holland. J. G. Coolidge.
A. C. Coolidge. Crammond Kennedy. K
C. Partridge, J. H. Ralston. Judge Al
fred S. Niles, L. H. Post. E. O. Brown.
S. J. Peelee, W. S. Ufford, O. T. Cart
wright, W. C. Carpenter, L. H. Woolsey,
A. W. Parks. J. Ed Young, H. G.
Crocker, George A. Finch, W. 3!.
Baldwin, F. A- Updyke, H. B.
Tompkins, E. A. Harriman, Prof.
Charles N. Gregory. J. W. Echols. John
S. Blair, Prof. W. W. Willoughby.
J. B. Calvo, G. F. Adams, B. D. Adams.
H. B. F. Macfarland. Fred Irland. G. T.
Porter, Rev. Wallace Radcliffe, W. G.
Sharp, W. M. Collier, Prof. W. R. Man
ning, Walter S. Penfield, A. C. Rivas.
Emiliano Chamorro, C. R. Dean, M. I .
Quezon. William McXeir, Prof. G. H.
Blakeslee, Prof. J. H. Latane, Prof
Philip Brown, Prof. Ernst Freund, Proi.
F. W. Ay mar, Prof. S. K. Hornbeek.
Prof. Arthur I. Andrews, Prof. Charles
Chaney Hyde, J. C. Drayton, Rich
ard Bartholdt, Merritt 8tarr. A. H. Put
ney, Fletcher Dobyns, H. K. Ten
ney, James H. Hayden, F. G.
Hodges, Soterios Nicholson, W. T>.
Goddard. H. G. Hodges. J. W.
Clifton, J. R- Foulke, C. H. Hastings.
Barry Mohun, Stanton C. Peelle, Charles
G. Fenwick. E. M. Borchard. M. M.
Shand, S. S. Hanks, C. F. P. Richardson,
p. S. Henry. E. A. Bancroft, William
Phillips, Robert Lansing. James Brown
Scott, Charles Henry Butler, ColviUe
Barclay, E. H. Wales, X. Armour. W. A
G. Renwlck. E. Gerry Greene, F. B. ^
James, G. E. Hubbard, S. A. Ammor. '
W. A. McLaren, W. A. Schaper, L. K.
Van Norman.
I

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