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VETERAN WHO HAD PART
IN MEXICAN WAR DF '47 Maj. J. Thomas Turner Willing to Again Fight for United States Flag. Would Gladly Becross Rio Grande in Country's Uniform?His long Military Service. MAJ. J. THOMAS TTRSE*. Standing as erect beneath his eighty - .veven years as any young- West Point j graduate might hope to hold himself, Maj. J. Thomas Turner of 414 B street northeast, veteran of the Mexican war of 1847, last night declared to a re porter of The Star his willingness and his desire to go back to the conntry across the Jiio Grande and fight again for the United States flag. Not only is Maj. Turner a veteran of the Mexican war, but he also fought in the civil war and before that in the Indian wars of Oregon and Washington terri tories of 1SG3 and of 18o&. He believes that distinction of having served in these "our wars is equaled by no living Ameri can. His son. Lieut. Francis Asbury Tur uer of the 6th Field Artillery, is now at the front. Maj. Turner, despite the fact that more than half a century has gone by since and his comrades fought their way nto Chapultepec, has forgotten none of lie atrocities which he saw the Mexicans . ommit. and belives that the troops of United States should go into the southern country now and "take no ?risoners." Mis ideas on the subject of Mexico admits of no "watchful waiting." Recalls Mexican Methods. Speaking of the methods of war em ployed by the Mexicans, Maj. Turner ?aid: "The city (Chapultepec) was well defended when we attacked it, but it rould not withstand the cold Yankee 5ght. We got in but when we had en .ered the Mexicans hid themselves in aouses. on top* of houses and any place 2lse they could find, where they could aide, and began 'sniping our men. Many Of the soldiers of this country, ex hausted by the march and fighting, burn ng with thirst and in many cases badly wounded, dropped along the way. When light fell the Mexicans sneaked down an these defenseless men and committed :he most terrible atrocities upon them. That is the kind of fighting the Mexicans io and if I had my way our forces would enter Mexico and take no pri soners. " in the war with Mexico Maj. Turner served under Gen. George E. Pickett, then second lieutenant, who became famous for his charge at Gettysburg. At :his time Maj. Turner was hardly more than a boy. His Active Service. His service in the other three wars in which he took part was of a most active kind. Iiis tales are many and his recollections keen, and the long lapse of years has not caused him to worget the days in the Indian wars when he quenched his thirst by drink ing water from a buffalo wallow which was filled with tadpoles. But war has no horrors for him. Time has touched him ? lightly?his footstep is firm, his eyes have fire in them and the grip of his hand is strong. All his faculties are excellent, with the exception of his hearing, which became slightly impaired about two years ago. He was born in Baltimore. Md., Sep tember 4. 1826. and is able to trace his ancestry back to the time one of his forefathers?Sir Edward Turner? came to this country under the second Lord Baltimore in 1636. On his ma ternal side he traces his ancestry back to the Valiants .and the Aulds, two of Maryland's oldest families. Frederick L>ouglass was one time owned by his cousin. Gap. Tom Auld. Early Life on Plantation. Maj. Turner remained in Baltimore only until he was four years old, when his mother died, and he was sent to live with his grandfather on a Mary land plantation, which was given to th^ family by Charles the Second. There he stayed until he was about seventeen, when he started out into the world for himself. In his army service h? has been in every part of the United States and Mexico, the only state which he thinks he has missed being South Carolina. In addition to his son, he has five children living, all residents of this ? i?y. They are Miss Laura Turner, Miss Edith Turner and Miss Elsie Tur r.er, a teacher in the Western High S?-hool; Mrs. Maud Estelle Gibson and M s. Grace R. Shields. NEBRASKA BANKERS PROTEST. To Oppose Inclusion of State in Kan sas City Reserve District. Plans for a protest against the inclu fr on of Nebraska in the federal reserve banking district of which Kansas City \< the center were made yesterday at a t? eetlng of the Nebraska delegation. Sen ior Hitchcock, who called the meeting, t.ti'i that if an appeal to the organization o.rnmittee failed the fight would be car r d to the federal reserve board when it i?- appointed. The Wyoming delegation Is expected to 2'>!n ' In the protest. Nebraska bankers. Senator Hitchcock said, prefer Chicago to Kansas City, if a bank cannot be lo < ated in Omaha. [DrFRAN[K5 SHIP Grains of HEALTH (These little pills will quickly relieve Indigestion, Con*tip?tion,Stonuch Dis >,Conge<tioa, all FeTerC?Mi,Head. | ache, Low of Appetite, Dizziness, etc. Pari* * At all Druggists or from Sole Agents | I. nCSKU Jt CO.. I a". a.w Y.rk COL. MELVIN GRIGSBY MANIFESTS WAR SPIRIT i i Offers to Raise Brigade of Cowboys for Service Against Mexico. Col. Meivin Grigsby, veteran, of the civil | war and organizer of "Grimsby's Cow- i boys.'' is usrain riding a close second to Col. Roosevelt in zeal to lead a company of "rough riders" in the Mexican cam paign. Both Col. Grigsby and the former president have again ofTered to the War Department the services of companies they propose to organize. It will be recalled that when the war broke out with Spain Col. Grigsby tender ed his services to the government and asked for a colonel's commission and permission to raise a cavalry regiment of rough riders. He came to Washington from his home in Sioux Falls to secure ] the passage of a bill authorizing the or ganization of such a regiment and found that Col. Roosevelt had already inspired such a bilf. Raises a Regiment. He recruited a regiment into the 3d United States Volunteer cavalry which was known as "Grigs by's Cowboys." The regiment had the reputation for being the best drilled of any at the Chlckamauga camp grounds. Much to his disappointment the regiment was not ordered to the front and did not see actual service. Col. Grigsby feels that if war should be declared with Mexico he could organ ize a full brigade of three regiments within thirty days. Col. Grigsby's tender was presented to the President at the White House by Representative Burke. The tender was as follows: "To His Excellency the President of the United States. Sir: Should the pres ent difficulty with Mexico result in the necessity for a call for volunteers, a brigade of three full regiments of west ern cowboys, organized under regulations similar to those which provided the three cowboy regiments for the Spanish war, would undoubtedly prove to be the most serviceable men that could be secured on short notice for immediate service. I tender my services in this connection. I have the honor to be your obedient ser vant. MELVIN" GRIGSBY.*' Civil War Veteran. Col. Grigsby, who is now nearly sev enty years old. but is very active, saw service throughout the greater portion of the civil war. He wanted to enlist immediately when the war broke out, but his father would not let him on ac count of his youth. He enlisted, how ever, later in 1861, in Company C, 2d Wisconsin cavalry, and was in active service or Confederate prisons until he was discharged. April 13, 1865. He spent eleven months in various prisons during the war. ? STARS AND STRIPES TORN FROM BOAT AT TAMPICO Sailor on Gunboat Dolphin Tells of | Arrest of Detachment by Mexicans. ST. LOUIS, April 25.?A story of the arrest of the United States sailors at Tampico, Mex., which precipitated the present Mexican crisis, is contained in a letter received here today by Mrs. John. H. Hayden from her brother, James Cole, a sailor on the gunboat Dolphin. The letter was written at Tampico, I April 14, and describes the arrest of the sailors of the gunboat Dolphin as j follows: "The other day we went ashore, ten of us, and the paymaster, to get sup plies, and we got too far down the river on the firing line. As soon as we hit the beach the federal army cap tured us, and we were flying the American flag, too. They held us prisoners about fifteen hours. Our captain came over and got us. They took the American flag off our boat and threw it overboard. They thought the paymaster was a relative of ex President Madero. Admiral "Certainly Raved." "The admiral certainly did rave. He sent word to the Mexicans to offer an apology and fire a salute of twenty one guns to the American flag or he would blow the city of Tampico up. Two Mexican officers came aboard and apologized, but they wouldn't fire the salute. The admiral told them to fire it within twenty-four hours; but noth ing stirring. He gave them a twenty four-hour extension. Word was sent here from Washington that if we didn't receive word from Washington by 6 p.m. last night we were to take the city. "We never got word uytil yesterday afternoon. We were all r\ady for ac tion. We had 4,000 sailors ready to land from the ships." Ground will be broken today for a new Lutheran church In Manchester, Md. WILL ARM AEROPLANES WITH RAPID-FIRE GUNS Ann Invented, by Col. I?wi?, Be tired Army Officer, Tried Out at College Park. About Seventy Per Cent of ? Hits Made on the Target?Ejected Shells Strike Propellers. As perhaps most important of ?*en*''\e uses to which the aeroplane may J* ? aviation experts o? the government have always ranked arming them ^th J guns. This development has been lo forward to as the destiny of aircraft In fact, Germany has already insta"?? tolerably powerful rapid-fire guns on big dirigibles. In spite of the danger tha accompanies the use of litearms an> where around the immense hydrogen envelope of a Zeppelin balloon the new er dirigibles carry raptd-flre guns mount ed on a special platform built on top or the gas bag. , German periodicals are now interdicted from printing any reports of the military aeronautics. An account was recently re ceived in this country, however, of target practice carried on by a German Zep pelin, near Lake Constance. Balloon Guns Destroy Target. The balloon was at a height of S.OOO feet and was three miles distance from the lake, where a silhouette of a military encampment was anchored on floats for a target. The balloon got the range of the target at the third shot and destroyed it in a few minutes. All this was done without accident to the balloon itself. It was not stated how many rounds of ammunition were used or carried. As the Zeppelins of this type have a lifting margin of several tons, there evidently was abundant room for ammunition enough to make the balloon a formidable *?The American development of machine guns has so far applied entirely to aero planes, because America ha? no dirigible balloons that could be so armed, nat urally. also on an aeroplane there is less danger from the flames of machine guns, as the aeroplanes, unlike the balloon, has no explosive gas bag. There is this difference, however, rne aeroplane has a small lifting margin. A machine gun if carried at all would have to be light. . Up to date, no nation that has made a speciality of aeronautics In military di rection has attempted to install machine guns on aeroplanes because of the weight Involved. In this connection, how ever. America has come to the front with another device that promises to be of wide use and with which our aeroplanes will be equipped in case any are sent for active service in Mexico. Design of Former Soldier. This new gun is the design of an ex army officer. Col. Lewis, former recorder of the board of ordnance and fortifica tion in Washington. The arm was tried from some of the government aeroplanes at College Park last summer, and did very well. There was no immediate pros pect of its use. however, and no active interest was taken in It by the War De partment. The gun afterward was taken to Europe, where considerable numbers were sold both in Germany and in The gun weighs only twenty-five pounds and is automatic, shooting ordi nary service cartridges at the rate of MO a minute. It can be speeded up to 720 a minute, but Col. Lewis sajs ne does not consider it best to work the f feature oTthe gun is that 1the barre1 is surrounded by a shell A, num about two and a half inches in diameter. When the gun is fired the blast of the discharge sucks In cold air from the rear of this aluminum, keep ing both this shell and the gun barrel cool enough to handle Seventy Per Cent Sits. When the tests of the gun were made on one of the College Park aeroplanes. Capt. Charles De Forest Chandler, who had never seen the gun before, earned It up for use. At a height of 2o0 feet, with the aeroplane going a little over fifty miles an hour, he tried several hop pers full of cartridges on a target six by eight feet in sixe stretched on the ground. Each hopper contained onl> fifty cartridges, so there were not a large number used. About .0 per cent of hits were made ongantry1*? the groSnd 'the machine gun would be a *sslk ?? terest the War Department both in ma dippinge<le^ces^Besides ouslfdlscr'Cd Department has recently been approach ed by the designers of another device working on a little different principle. In this case the bomb to be dropped is mounted in a sliding ring attached to a horizontal rod. The speed of the aero plane Is ascertained and the bomb is moSed backward at the same speed as the aeroplane is moving forward so that in relation to the ground the bomb is t M* ? ' r; yy This House With SO-ft. Lot, $6,500 50 other designs, $5,000 to $5,500, including plans. (1) First opportunity for moderate-priced homes built to order in Chevy Chase. (2) Six to eight room houses, built of hollow tile, stucco or frame. (3) Complete for occupation, including light ^ ing fixtures, wall paper, shades, electric range, tile ? bath, etc. ? (4) Life in the country?the life worth while ? ?now within reach of all. ' (f) We help you to finance your building. ? (6) See other ads for other designs. \ H. D. Fulmer Clev. 712 > 3825 Legation Street Chevy Chasef D. C. CRACK MEXICAN TROOPERS, ESCORT TO O'SHAUGHNESSY, DEPARTING AMERICAN DIPLOMAT, THROUGH MEXICO CITY THE PRESIDENT'S GUARD. Cavalry organization annfjrnrd to duty of protecting life of Gen. Huerta. standing: still. In this condition i.t is dropped and falls straight. Designers of the machine were told by army officers that it would be difficult to move a heavy projectile over a short space at a speed of fifty miles or more per hour. They said, however, that this objection had been considered and over come. It therefore Is expected that trials will shortly be made of this new device. DISTRICTGUlSMEN PREPARED TO ME FIELD Recruiting to War Strength Only Remaining Duty?Plans Made, Properties Asked For. Short of enlarging to war strength, the National Guard of the District of Colum bia Is prepared to take the field. All plans have been made. Requisitions for all additional property which would bo needed have been sent to proper officials. Certain line officers of the National Guard, who do not want to be quoted at this time, say they feel confident that it will be only a matter now of a few days before the District National Guard will be encamped near Fort Myer, pre paring to move to the Mexican border. For Border Guard. According to one officer, the plan is understood to be to call out the organized militia in the present crisis, and to place such troops along the border, while the regular army goes Into Mexico. Should it become necessary to call for additional men to back up the regular army, it is said, volunteers from the National Guard would be called for. It will take a large force to garrison the important posts in the United States should the regular army be sent into Mexico. It is said to be the plan to use the National Guard for this purpose. Gen. Harries Active. Brig. Gen. George H. Harries, com manding the District of Columbia militia, has been in Washington in conference with his staff officers since the present crisis arose. He expects to remain here until some definite information is ob tained as to whether or not his command will be ordered out soon. He spent some time late yesterday afternoon at the War Department, conferring with various of ficers there. < ? At the militia division, W&r Depart ment, so far as army officers admit, no steps have been taken to call out any militia organization for any duty. The calling out of the Texas National Guard was wholly a state matter, completely in the hands of the governor. I LIEUT. J. D. LITTLE DEAD. i Naval Officer Succumbs in Chicago Hospital at Age of Thirty-Two. Lieut. Joseph D. Little, IT. <S. N., thirty two years old, died yesterday in a Chicago hospital. He was born in Springfield, Ohio, No vember 3, 1882, and entered the naval service as a naval cadet September 22, 1900. He was promoted to lieutenant February 2, 1909, serving in the latter grade on board the Rhode Island to May 7, 1910; in charge of navy recruiting station, St. Louis, Mo., May 23, 1910, to May 1, 1911: on board the Philadelphia from June 4, 1911, to June 12, lifl2: as aid on staff of commander in-chief, Pacific reserve fleet, from June 12, 1912, to April 1, 1913, and again as aid on staff of commander-in-chief. Pa cific reserve fleet, from July 2, 1913, to December 18, 1913. when he was granted sick leave of absence. CURB ON HUERTA PAPER PUBLISHED AT LAREDO Texas Officials Order Suspension. Further Trouble From Mexi cans Not Expected. LAREDO, Tex., April 25.?El Guarda del Bravo, a Mexican paper published here in the Interests of the Huerta gov ernment, was suspended today by order of District Judge Mullaly and Mayor McComb. For months Prisceliano Aldama, pub lisher, has been printing veiled attacks on the American government which have been disregarded, but today he published a bitter attack on the American govern ment as responsible for Mexico's troubles. A committee informed the authorities that if the latter did not put a stop to the continued attacks the citizens 01 Laredo would. More Trouble Not Expected. Laredo is not now expecting further and immediate trouble from Mexican fed erals across the river from here. Smol dering ruins still showed the presence of fire, but most of the fires either were extinguished by the rain that fell during the early part of the night or died for lack of material. None of the Mexicans returned to NXievo Laredo this morning. A few adventurous young men crossed the international bridge, but there was nothing to see but the ruins of the buildings. A saloon belonging to Dario Sanchez, a c itizen of the United States and a resi dent of Laredo, was saved from the flames, although the other buildings in the same block were destroyed. The drug store of Shelby Theriot, American vice consul, suffered no damage, al though buildings directly in front of it were destroyed. Loss Placed at $500,000. A conservative estimate of the damage done places the loss at nearly 1600,000. Some of the property owners who suffer ed the most had contributed large sums to the federal cause, some of It willirfg ly, although the greater part was in the form of enforced contributions. IXuring the night no attempt was made to fire or blow up either of the bridges across the Rio Grande. This may, in part, be due to the fact that the railroad bridge was brilliantly illuminated by headlights from two locomotives, while the interna tional bridge, piers and approaches on the Mexican side were lighted from a searchlight made from a moving picture projector. The guards at the bridge and the patrols through the streets re ported all quiet during the night. In fact, a steady rain for some time drove all who had no business Indoors for shelter and after 10 o'clock the streets were practically deserted except for soldiers and police. PATRIOTISM IS MANIFEST. Many Volunteer Their Services to War on Mexico. Patriotic sentiments expressed in many offers of services If there is a call for volunteers to Invade Mexico are en couraging Washington officials. "The United States spent close to $2, oOO in training me for service," writes Richard O. Mason, an attorney of St Paul, Minn., in an offer to drill a com pany in case of war, submitted through Gov. Kberhart. "It is peculiarly my duty, as well as my great desire, to be of service," he concludes. Mr. Mason spent two years at the United States Naval Academy at An napolis, 1907 to 1909. 744 & 748 Park Road N.W. A QAA $300.00 Cash Ot'jOUU Balance Like Rent Close to Soldiers' Home Park. 1326 South Carolina Ave. S.E. Two Blocks From Lincoln Park. S3 700 $200.00 Cash UU Balance Like Rent. Hot-water heating; electric lights. These three houses are all we have left; twenty-six more started; ready between May l and June l. See plans in our office. Prices, $3,500 to $6,000. Seven Rooms, $3,990 4 Large Bedrooms and Bath. 5th Street N.W. between Quincy and Randolph (Petworth), 85% Finished. You Can Get a Good Idea of the Architecture oi Them Now. Complete May 6th. Nothing in Town Can Compare With These Homes Under $6,000. A. C. Moses Construction Co., 916 N. Y.Ave. M. 4031 Experienced Advertisers Prefer THE STAR WORK OF WAR AEROS SHROUDED IN SECRECY Steps Taken to Put Machines in Service in Mexico Not Disclosed. In view of the pending hostilities with Mexico, there is a great show of secrecy In the Navy and War Departments as to the steps being taken toward putting the flying squad of the two departments into active service. It is admitted in the Navy Department that there are now four aeroplanes off the Mexican coast, two of them aboard the scout cruiser Birmingham and two on the Mississippi There aro four aviators under the lead of Lieut. J. H. Towers to manage the four machines. How soon they will be called to active service none of the offi cers undertakes to say. It is thought probable, however, that they may be sent on scout duty over Vera Cruz to ascertain the force of the federal army on the land side of the town. Preparations are being made by the army aviation squad to move south ward across the border in case Ameri can troops are sent into Mexico by that route. It must be said, however, that Gen. Wood, chief of staff of the army, has so far evinced no great enthusiasm over aeroplanes, and shows more active sympathy with the work of the signal service toward perfecting Its means for wireless communication in case of an advance. Offers Forty Aviators. An offer has been made to Secretary of War Garrison by A. B. Lambert of the Aero Club of St- Ixmis of forty aviators for military service fn case they are needed. Mr. Lambert Is the organizer of the United States aeronautic reserve, a successor to the air scout organization floated several years ago by John Harry Ryan. Mr. Lambert has about forty i aviators, who have given in their names as being available for military duty if called on. The fact is, however, as all army officers agree, that it is impossible for a civilian to act as an air scout ow ing to his lack of familiarity with tech nical military matters. If the members of the reserve should be called on for duty it is said that they could do no more than act as aerial chauffeurs and pilot aeroplanes in which military offi cers were carried as observers. A movement has been started by the Aeronautic Society of New York to form an international organization to operate in connection with the Pana ma-Pacific exposition at San Francisco in 1015. The aeronautic department of the exposition management is making arrangements now for a round-the world race, to be flown during the progress of the exposition in 1915. The Aeronautic Society wishes to interest the aero clubs of various countries abroad so that they will send representatives to the exposition with a view to holding an aeronautic congress along the lines of that at the Chicago exposition in 1893. Other Events Are Planned. It Is wished by the exposition manage-; ment also to hold an aviation meet with short distance races and similar fea tures during the exposition and while the world race is being run. This race, by the way. is expected to occupy 120 day?. The subject of the new international aeronautic organization has been dis cussed by the members of the Aero Club here, and they generally agreed that in case a scientific aeronautic congress is held, a thing that Prof. Durand of Leland Stanford University is trying to arrange, it might very well come under the management of the Aeronautic So ciety of New York. They say, however, that if sporting events are to be run in connection with the exposition as a local aviation meet, it would be well to have this feature under the management of the Aero Club of America and its su perior governing body, the International Aeronautic Federation. This organiza tion is the recognized authority on all aviation sporting records, and :t is sug gested by those interested in a local meet at San Francisco that it would in volve unnecessary complications to have the sporting features of the meet under anything except the International Aero nautic Federation. Miss Ruby IToltzclard of the Cherry Hill School was the winner Thursday in the spelling bee for the primary prades of the Prince William county <Va.> schools. CRISTOBAL MARTINEZ KILLED. Mexican. Friend of Americans, Wounded at Vera Cruz. Word has been received in Washing ton of the death of Cristobal Martinez, a wealthy Mexican, whose wife is an American. Mr. Martinez was wounded during the fighting at Vera Cruz Wednes day. and died Friday as a result of his injury. Mr. Martinez was a graduate of Cornell 1'niversity, where he was a member of I>elta Phi Fraternity, and by profession was a civil engineer. He was always most friendly to Americans, and. it is said, was on friendly terms with Rear Admiral Fletcher and officers of the American fleet Mrs. Martinez is making arrangements to return to the United States and t? bring here with her the body of he husband. After bring wounded, Mr. Mai tinez was cared for by American surgeons. Appointed Assistant Surgeons. In a long list of assistant surgeons of t^e medk-al reserve corps today appointed by the President to ho assistant surgeons of the navv were two District of Co lumbia men. They are < I corse W. Calvcr and William D. Hetfield. [ -FOR SALE Number 657 K Street N.E. OPEN FOR INSPECTION. LIGHTED UNTIL 9 P.M. BIG BARGAIN Inspect Today Six big rooms; tile bath; cellar. Front and rear en trance. Hardwood finish. Gas range. Lot 20 ft. front. 45 ft. of parking. jc%jftdumstm60t\ 1314 F ST. N.W. or 7th AND "i STS. N.E. 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