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20eatJ of Heaber. Rev. F. X. Wernz, General of Organization, Was Formerly Rector of Gregorian University at Rome. Second only to the death of Pope Plus X In Catholic circles during: the week was the demise of Rev. Francis Xavler Wernz, general of the Society of Jesus and widely known as an authority on canon law, which occurred In Rome Thursday. He was formerly rector of Gregorian University in Rome. Father Wernz was called the "Black Pope," an old nickname used to indicate the Jesuit general's power behind the throne. Pope Pius was generally known as the "White Pope." Father Francis Xavier Wernz was elected general of the Society of Jesus September 8, 1906, succeeding Father Martin, who died in the preceding May. His election by the congregation at Rome came after two ballots were taken, and the news that a general of the order had been chosen was announced by the ringing of a bell. A little later Father Alfred Maertens, procurator general of the Jesuits, went to the Vatican to in form the Pope because the approval of the Pope was necessary to ratify the election. The message from the congregation was received with manifest satisfaction by Plus X, who remarked that Father Wernz was "just the man fitted for the pos:t:on." He charged Father Maertens to return with the apostolic benediction, and intrusted to him also an affection ate letter to Father Wernz. When Father Wernz was elected gen eral he Is reported to have said: "God, I ari not worthy, but Thy will and that of St. Ignatius be done." German Cath-x ollcs were jubilant when they received the news of the election, and In the German capital It was rumored that the Prussian embassy to the Vatican ex ! erted Influence which helped to bring It ; about. Father Wernz was born in Rottwell, Wurttemberg, in 1842. He entered the Society oX Jesus in 1857. In 1883 he was appointed a professor In the Gre gorian University, and in 1904 he was made rector of that institution. An exhaustive work on canon law was begun by Father Wernz in 1897, and eventually this work was published in four volumes. It Is appreciated not only by Catholics but by students of all kinds. In this work he showed the principles contained in the canon law of the church and traced the historical development of these principles. While head of the Gregorian Univer sity Father Wernz was adviser to the sacred congregations of extraordinary ecclesiastical afTairs of the index, and of the council. He also was a member of the commission appointed by the holy see to consider the codification of the canon law. whose labors In that direction have been of lasting import ance. Father Wernz was the second German Jesuit to be elected general of the Jesuit Order. His election revived an old story of the prophecy of a gypsy, who had said in his boyhood that he would become "greater than king or Pope." Father Wernz was one of the closest friends of Pope Plus, as whose possible successor his name had been often men tioned. It is said he inspired the famous encyclical issued by the Pope on modern ism. Persons who were qualified to speak Intimately of Father Wernz have said he was progressive, or almost liberal where Pope Plus was dogmatical and conservative. A high authority ir ecclesiastical circles in Berlin said of him: "Father Wernz is known to be imbued with progressive ideas. So h' is. I have known him intimately, and Morlb Alliance of Cfjurcfjea; for 3fnter= national jf rienbsrtjip Jformeb. J. A. Baker, M. P., Made Chairman and Decision Made to Hold Peace Conference in London Next Year. At the moment European nations were declaring war Christian leaders from many nations, assembled in London, formed the World Alliance of Churches for International Friendship. Part of the men composing the sixty members of the executive committee were those just arrived from Constance by the train provided by the German kaiser, ?Jriven out of Germany by the war. Mr. J. Allen Baker, M. P., noted peace advocate and Quaker, was named chair man; Rev. Dr. William P. Merrill, pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church, New Tork. vice chairman, ^nd Rev. Dr. Fred erick Lynch and W. H. Dickerman, M. P., secretaries. Without regard to the outcome of the present war, it was decided to hold in London next summer a peace conference, to have as Its subject "The Churches and International Friendship," and commit tees were named to prepare papers and conference arrangements. All of these things were done while sol diers were leaving for the front and crowds were gathered around bulletin boards reading war news. Nothing is more evident. It is said, than that the peace advocates represented by the Church Peace Union are more deter mined than ever to push their cause. Mr. Andrew Carnegie has declared himself to be more interested, if possible, than be fore in the peace plans of nations and more glad than ever of the initial steps taken by him to help them. Rev. Dr. Lynch of the union is pre paring a book, to be given out free, set ting forth the tragic circumstances of the first conference?that of Constance?and the secretary of the Federal Council of Churches, Rev. Dr. Macfarland, is pre paring a statement. The Church Peace Union is the Ameri can section of the new world alliance. Christian' Cnbtabor'^out ^jj ? | jSp %arte|> fe. Jrtprn |+ TOPIC: Lowjy Service.?John, 13 Hi* mistakes of my life are many. The sins of my hesrt are more. And I scarce ran see f?r weeping? But I knock on the open door. I am lowest of those who lore Him. I am weakest of those who pray But I come as He baa hidden. And He will not aay me Nay. My mistakes Hia lore shall coyer. My sins He will washi aw. And the feet that shrink and fait" Shall walk through the pate of day. In the teachings of the Scripture pas sage selected for this week's topic, we have a complete amplification of the low ly service to which every Christian Is ap pointed. Humility In Its proper meaning Is an essential elemem In true Christian life. None are so high In station that they may feel exempt from the lowliest service of the "meek and lowly" One whoa* name they bear. The Kaater, by the met of washing the dladplea* feet, pre t service In the aame unent of His supper >r?sola a summary of doctrine. The Lard's supper points to the death, pad redeeming blood of Christ; the act W the baaln and towel points to the need H telly cleansing. not of the unforglven MB. bat of the Christian. Si Illustrates the work and offlce of the 0Oly Spirit. It la a symbol representing lb* necessity for dally cleansing, not of the feet only, but of the whole body and tptrlt at the believer. * * ? * Clean Christiana. It was not Intended to teach that Chris tians should literally wash one another's feet, but that they should help one an ather to be clean Christians?clean In Mart and In life. Can Christians do this? It Is true that God alone can cleanse from sin. It Is the Spirit that renews, lanctlflea and cleanses. But the Spirit works through the church and His mln ?try Is through Christians. They are to idmonlsh one another, warn one another, lellver one another out of temptation. This is the service symbolised by Christ's act In washing His disciples' [eet It teaches that Christians are to txarclse humility toward the weak and irrlng brethren, In order to reach them ind be the means of their cleansing. God works through His people. They ?nust be ready In Imitation of the divine ?xample to kneel In meekness and per 'orm the lowliest service, If thereby a irother may be persuaded to be cleansed [f we would only come to one another srtth the spiritual basin and towel. In aumbleness of heart and motive, as Christ did to His disciples, how many .'eet, soiled with the stains and dust of forbidden paths, could be washed and made clean. ? * * # Loving Service. How often it is that brethren will point out the stains and marks of uncleanness, but make no effort to wash them away! If Christians would always speak and act toward one another in spirit of meekness and humility, how much easier would be the task of leading: clean and holy lives. Loving concern and service is the teaching of Christ's great example. Nowhere else in all the Scriptures is loving and lowly service so signally emphasized as by the act of wash ing His desciples' feet. Consider the occasion on which It was done. It was just "before the feast of the passover when He knew that His hour had come to depart out of this world unto th Father and the world He loved them unto the having loved His own which were in end, or as thfc margin says, "to the uttermost?not simply to the end of His earthly life, not alone to end of eternity, but to the end or extent of His power of loving." * * * * Servant and Lord. Re Intended that Hie act should have the greatest possible significance aa in dicated in these striking words: "If I then yotfr Lord and Master have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, the servant is not greater than his Lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him." His hour had come and "He knew that it had come." If the final actions of men at critical moments are impor tant how much more significant must be the final actions of a divine being. It would be unwise to pass over any words or acts at such a moment as un worthy of the closest attention and study. * * * * The Great Example. We may not know all the Lord and Master Intended to convey by His last great example, but much of Its teach ings are evident and clear. It was on the same night on which He was betrayed and at the same sit ting in which He ate the passover and instituted the Lord's Supper. The disciples were all gathered in a room chosen and prepared for the ob servance of the passover feast?the beloved John, the Impulsive Peter, the other devoted apostles and with them also Judas Iscariot, who was so soon to consummate his act of unparalleled treachery and infamy. The 0ord "rlseth > from . supper and laid aside His garments; and took a towel and girded Himself. After that he poureth water into a basin and be gan to wash the disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel wherewith He was girded." Why did He do this? He tells us it was. first, to testify His love for His disciples; second, to show sea aBMHWBwBiiafflwt *? as ???????? ?? ??ag REV. FRANCIS X. WERXZ. have discussed this question of progresp with him, but the progress he advocate? is of the solid variety founded on deei study. He is essentially a student When I knew him, he might be said to live in his room with his books, quietly and uneventfully. He was a man oi [ progress, but not of what the German? call the 'schwindel* progress. He held that you must work hard, and that if you do. progress of the right kind must ' follow.** 2Sr. ? iRott Cities %lp (GHorlb (Eour European War Halts Extensive Work of Y. M. C. A. Secretaries in Dif ferent Armies. Dr. John R. Mott, Y. M. C. A. leader and head of the continuation commit tee of world foreign missions, an nounces that plans made by him for a world tour have been abandoned. It is also announced that the World's Christian Student Federation, with headquarters at Geneva and part of the Y. M. C. A. work, is thoroughly demoralized by the war. The federation's three general secre taries are called into wars to fight each other. Secretary Fermaud, the senior secretary, has been called to command a Swiss regiment, the Swiss republic being compelled to mobilize to protect her borders; Secretary Saut tern has entered the French service and Secretary Childius the German. Canadian Y. M. C. A.s have sent two of their most experienced army work secretaries to Val Cartier, where 20, 000 Canadian troops are gathered for transport abroad, and stand ready to send across the Atlantic with the Canadian troops twenty welfare sec retaries, or as many as the govern ment will allow. When England declaered war the other day British troops were in camp and 400 volunteer association welfare secretariese were with them. It is sup posed that some of them have accom panied them to the continent. The Soldiers' Christian Association is or ganized in all arms of the British serv ice, and is active at this time at the front. The Salvation Army, through Gen. Bramwell Booth, tendered the army shelter houses at Portsmouth and other places to the British government, which accepted their use for the sol^^rs. English Salvation Army men have en listed as soldiers and women have gone as nurses. All the army stations in France and Germany, about 350 in number, have been turned over to the use of sol diers and army purposes. Gen. Booth Is reported as saying that if the war lasts six months the army work in continental Europe will be bankrupt and its equipment ruined. His own humility and condescension; third, to signify to them spiritual cleansing, and, fourth, to set them an example. In these four important truths we have a complete summary of the du ties belonging to Christian service. * * * * Personal Service. First. It is a personal service. He knelt before each of the twelve in turn not excepting Judas, so far as we know. Tlje relations of each one to Christ were individual. The personal relation of Judas, the traitor, did not affect the personal relations of John, the beloved. We are either personally allied to Him or personally estranged from Him. "He that is not with me is against me." There is no general relationship to Christ; it is necessarily individual. When we say that Christ came to save the world we understand that He came to save the individuals in the world. He testified his love, not to the disci ples as a whole, but to each individual. Our service to Him is personal. Our service to others is a service to Him, and is a personal one. * * * * Humble Service. Second. Our service, in Imitation of His example, is to be rendered in a spirit of humility and condescension. It is to be lowly. The Lord and Master laid aside His garments and knelt before His disciples, assuming the attitude of a servant. See Him as He kneels at thy feet, and in like manner so humble thyself to serve. * * * * Spiritual Service. Third. Our service is to be spiritual. The discipline did not understand the full meaning of Christ's act. Peter rem onstrated and was told: "Thou shalt know hereafter." On the day of Pentecost he and the other disciples understood the symbolism of the basin and towel. The Spirit is the renewing and cleansing power. Christ ministers through the Spirit and the Spirit ministers through Christians. The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is the only means of cleansing and purifying the heart. He takes away pride and selfishness and implants humility and meekness, by which alone acceptable service can be rendered. * * * * Divine Humility. Fourth. His example teaches us that there is no service too lowly for Him to do for us, and so there can be no service too humble for us to do for Him. Measureless was the humility and low Jleto $eace iflobeg Cfjurtl) Council President Wilson Urged to Renew Offer of Arbitration at Earliest Opportunity?Bryan Treaties Indorsed. Saturday and Sunday of Prayer for Softening of Hearts Suggested. President Wilson's tender of good services to the warring powers of Eu rope, all of which have received and acknowledged it except Russia, has been indorsed by the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, which sent their representative to the Presi dent during the week with expressions of gratitude and an earnest request that he renew the offer at the first favorable opportunity. The messagfe to the President was In the form of resolutions adopted by the executive and administrative commit tees jointly with the commission on peace and arbitration. Rev. Mr. Carroll, who took the mes sage to the President, also took a let ter signed by Rev. Dr. H. Pereira Mendes, chairman of the committee on peace and arbitration of the -Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations In America, and representatives of the | New York city board of Jewish min isters, indorsing the resolution of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America and Joining in its petition to the President to designate a day of prayer. The position of the administration against loans by Americans to belltg; erents also is indorsed by the council, which expresses the belief that such loans would diminish the power of this country to assist other nations that in evitably must suffer from the war. The resolution further reads: "Be it resolved, That the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in Amer ica, on behalf of the Protestant churches of America, appeal to the Free Church Council of Great Britain, to the Protestant churches of Scot land and Ireland, to the Established Church of England, to the evangelical and Lutheran churches of Germany, and to the evangelical churches of France to issue appeals in their church services and in their religious press urging all Christian families having relatives in the armies to write them personal letters, exhorting them, what ever may be the provocation of the enemy, to reduce in every possible way the horrors of war; and, further, that steps be taken to secure similar action on the part of the Roman Cath olic Church of the United States, ap pealing to Rome, and also to Roman Catholic Churches of England, Ireland, France, Germany and Austria, and the Greek Churches of Russia, Greece and the Balkan states to take similar steps in this master." The council also expresses its in dorsement of the general principle of the eighteen "Bryan peace treaties," providing adequate time for diplomatic investigation and confernce, when in ternational difficulties arise, and sug gests that the President and the Secre tary of State take steps to urge upon the governments of the world the adoption of a universal arbitration treaty. The council also urges the President to repeat his appeal to the people of the United States to remain neutral, and suggests that an early Sunday and the preceding Saturday be designated by the President as a day of united ftrayer for calmness in the hearts of hose filled with passions for war. <?cdestastital Court Mollis Sessions at GEmmitSburg, 4flb. Beatififcation and Canonization of Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton Matter in Hand?Rev. M. J. Riordan Is Fiscal Promoter. The final sessions in the matter of the of the Order of the Sisters of Charity of Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton. foundress of the Order of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul in the United States, were held Tuesday by the ecclesiastical court at St. Joseph's College and Acad emy, at Emmittsburg, Md. The specific object of the sessions of this court were to inquire into the "de uon cultu"?that is, to determine whether any forbidden religious honors have been given to Mother Seton in anticipation of the rulings of the highest court in Rome. Rev. Eh*. Dyer, president of St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, was the judge; Rev. M. J. Riordan, pastor of the Im maculate Conception Church of this city, the fiscal promoter, or what correspands to prosecuting attorney in civil lav/; Rev. Joseph Cunnant, pastor of St. Andrew's Church, Baltimore, ecclesias tical notary, and Rev. J. O. Hayden, pastor of St. Joseph's Church, Emmits burg, postulator. Rev. James H. Neck of Baltimore, a native of Emmitsburg, was the cursor. Many witnesses were examined and all their testimony taken under oath. The peculiarity of the Roman law is that it requires that the witnesses be bound under oath not to reveal either the testimony they have given or the questions asked by the court. This method of procedure insures absolutely unprejudiced testimony. All witnesses are allowed to review at length and most critically their testimony taken by the notary, and then sign the same. Thirteen or fourteen steps may be distinguished in the process of beati fication. The bishop of the diocese first inquires as ,to the reputation of the person proposed for virtue and mirac ulous powers. Then the question of "non cultus" (about which the meeting was held) is examined. The third step will be the sending of the minutes of these two inquiries to Rome, where the process is then opened before the con gregation of rites. The promoter fidei (called in popular language the "devil's advocate") is ap pointed, whose duty it is to raise ob jections against the process and per son. If a favorable report is made, then begins what is. called the apostolic process. A commission is given to the congregation of rites i; investigate the notoriety, reality and nature of the virtues and miracles ascribed to the one to be beatified. Three bishops are appointed to deal with the case systematically. Their findings are sent to the congregation of rites and examined and arguments are heard pro and contra. A new delegation makes another and more searching inquiry if the result of the last examination Is favorable. The process is again returned to the con gregation of rites and in three succes sive meetings, at the last of which the Pope is present, the virtues and mira cles of the subject for beatification are again discussed. Having sought to know the will of God by prayer, the Pope confides his judgment to the sec retary of the congregation. In a new and general assembly the question Is considered whether the beatification may proceed without fur ther delay. In the event of'an affirma tive decision the Pope appoints a day for the ceremony, and orders a brief to be prepared setting forth the apostolic sentence. fjptatw and Rev. Dr. George B. Thomas, pastor of St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church of Manchester, N. H., who Is occupying for the month of August the pulpit of Hamllne Methodist Episcopal Church of this city during the absence of Dr. Lucius C. Clark, the pastor, will preach tomorrow morning at the 11 o'clock service on the theme, 'Christian Irrigation," and at 8 o'clock In the evening will have for his sub ject, "Is the Grave a Wall or a Gate way?" * * * * 'European Interests of the League" will be the topic of Miss Nellie E. Harr, second vice president of McKen dree Epworth League, who will have charge of the league service at Mc Kendree Church tomorrow evening. This will be one of a series of mis sionary meetings held under the lead ership of Miss Harr for the purpose of explaining the growing work of the Epworth League in Europe. McKendree is regarded as one of the most progressive chapters of the Ep worth League in Washington. Vari ous members of the chapter are daily practicing on the league tennis courts for the tournament with Anacostla Chapter, which will be held In ,the early part of September. The monthly business meeting of the chapter will be held Tuesday evening, when expressions of sympathy will be adopted regarding the death of Mrs. A. L. Marshall, formerly second vice president of the Washington District llness of our divine Lord and Master and He commands us to do to one another as He did to His disciples. And after all this is the pathway to our highest honor. why should the spirit of mortal be proud," when out of the humbleness and lowliness of this life comes the brightest glory in the by and by. It is the lowly, humble service now, but the crowning day is coming by and by. Let all the kind offices of humility and affection be rendered to one another now while the feet are being soiled by the stains of life's Journey, for up yonder, where all true disciples are going, there will be no use for the basin and towel. On the jeweled pavements of the Celestial City there will be nothing to soil the feet that are forever shod in sandals of peace. The basin will then be only a memory of earth and time: and the towel shall ever remain the heritage of the unclean. They shall have no place or part to per form in Heaven, either for the feet or face, for God's own hands shall wipe away all tears from your eyes. "And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor erying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away." Epworth League, at San Diego, Cal., August 8. * * * * In Foundry Methodist Episcopal Church tomorrow morning Rev. Dr. John R. Mason, pastor of the Taber nacle Methodist Episcopal Church of Camden, N. J., will preach from the theme, "The Master's Triumph." At the "bright hour" service Dr. Mason's theme will be "The Righteousness of God." * * * * Secretary William B. Wilson of the De partment of Labor is scheduled to deliver an address upon "The Relation of the Material to the Spiritual" at the Fourth Presbyterian Church tent, 13 th and Fairmont streets, tomorrow evening at 7:30 o'clock. An orchestra has been engaged for the occasion and a musical program will be rendered during the half hour preceding the service. * * * 4c The evening service at Douglas M. E. Church tomorrow will be in charge of the Epworth League, the leaders being Messrs. W. A. Morris and Andrew Gross. After the regular topic has been dis cussed Mr. Morris will tell of the prog ress of the M. E. Church at Vigan, P. L, which was erected by the District league while Mr. Morris was president of that organisation, and it was due to his un swerving and untiring efforts that this enterprise was made possible. The meet ing begins at 7 o'clock. * * * * Rev. E. A. Sexsmlth, pastor of the North Carolina Avenue M. P. Church, plans to spend his vacation on the east ern shore of Maryland. He will leave Wednesday. ***** Rev. James T. Marshall, pastor of West Street Presbyterian Church, will leave Wednesday for a trip to Boston by sea. Rev. Luther Hess Waring of the George town Lutheran Church will occupy his pulpit during his absence. Dr. Marshall will be away until the second Sunday in September. * * * * The pulpit of the Vermont Avenue Christian Church will be occupied tomor row by Rev. Charles H. Hulme, pastor of the First Christian Church of Bar tlesvllle, Ok la. * * * 4 Rev. J. Franklin Bryan, pastor of the South Baltimore Methodist Protestant Church, will preach tomorrow in the Rhode Island Avenue Methodist Protes tan Church. * * * * The preacher at the First Congregatlon alist Church tomorrow will be Rev. Dr. George L. Parker of Somervllle, Mass. * * * * Rev. Dr. George Markward of Harris burg, Pa., is to preach at the Luther Place Memorial Church tomorrow. * * * * By appointsHBt of the Bishop of Wash REV. B. CAR K A DINE. Noted eTugellat who ntopped here yesterday, en route to hin home In St. Louis, from North Carolina, where he haa been holding evangelistic services. He plana to leave Washington on Mon day. | Jfeberal Countil Qtt& for $eacc | Approves President Wilson's Offer of Mediation?Becommends Univer sal Treaty for Various Nations. The Federal Council of Churches acts for peace the very moment its officers re turn from the abortive Constance peace conference. It formally approves Presi dent Wilson's offer of mediation between the warring European powers and com mends Secretary Bryan's position that America ought not to loan money to bel ligerents. It appeals to President Wilson to send identical notes to all European countries, calling their attention to the dangers of a repetition of Balkan atrocities, and to j the Protestant churches of Europe ask ing that all their members having friends in the armies to write them, beseeching them to resist all temptation to Bavage practices. Indorsing the general principle of the Bryan peace treaties, the council recom mends a universal treaty between na tions requiring in the future a definite time to elapse between the declaration of war and the beginning of actual warfare; that In the Interval a commission of sig natory powers make investigation of war causes and publish a report to the world, and that signatory powers agree to en force the observance of the agreement upon the nation that transgresses it by Immediate military intervention. The council finally urges all the people of the United States to do nothing that might drag this country into the present controversy, because at least one first rate power must remain to arbitrate. President Wilson is asked by the coun cil to recommend a Saturday and Sunday of early date when all people of th? United States shall repair to their places of public worship, and there pray for peace between warring nations, and for wisdom on the part of the United. States to assist nations now at war to abolish passion and hatred and come to just set tlements of differences. The council announces that the plans are part of its general one to keep right on the job of bringing the influence of the churches to bear on the cause of peace. (Curopean Conflict Mast Jforesfjabotoeb I Founder of the Bahai Movement, It Is Declared, Told of German Wars to Come. TJie conflict now raging in Europe, and the part played in Germany, was fore shadowed by Baha'o'llah, the founder of the Bahai movement, in a remarkable ut terance contained in his "Kitab El Ak das," or "Book of Laws." This book was written during the period 1863-tf8, covered by his exile in Bagdad, Adriano ple and Constantinople, and the banish ment to the penal colony of Acca, in Syria, and the original manuscript, duly authenticated as to date, is now in the archives of the Royal Asiatic Society in London, according to Mr. J. H. Hannen, secretary of the Washington Bahai As sembly. The following extract, he says, shows the definite "prophecy: "O banks of the Rhine! We have seen you drenched in gore, because the swords of retribution were drawn against you. And you shall have another turn, and we hear the lamentation of Berlin, though it be today in manifest glory." This and other prophecies and teachings concerning the present war situation in Europe, and the era of universal peace which is to be ushered in afterward, will be the subject of a meeting for Inquirers Into the Bahai teachings, to be held in Lewis' Hall, 1502 14th street northwest, tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock. lngton there will be a special service of intercession for the restoration of peace of Europe at the people's service at the peace cross on the cathedral close to morrow afternoon at 4 o'clock. A sermon appropriate to the occasion will be preached by Chaplain Henry A. Brown of the United States Army, and the offerings will be devoted to the Red Cross funds. In the event of rain the service will be held in the Bethlehem Chapel on the cathedral close. # * * * Commencing tomorrow and continu ing every Sunday during the fall sea son the Gospel Mission will hold open air evangelistic service at the 11th street wharf from 5 to 6 p.m. Special speakers and singers will be assigned to these services. . Tomorrow at 3 p.m. in the mission hall, 214 John Marshall place, Mrs. A. G. Laird, formerly of Topeka, Kan., will speak on "What Prohibition Has Done for Kansas and Would Do for the District of Columbia Should Senator Works' Bill for Prohibition Become a Law of the District." * * * * Tomorrow morning at the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, the min ister in charge. Rev. Herbert Booth Smith of Tennessee, will preach a spe cial sermon on the topic, "The City and the Tower." The topic is suggested tiy the Eu ropean war, and the discussion will aim to trace the evolution of church and state and to show that the experience of Babel has been reproduced through the centuries. The speaker will aim to point out the main spiritual lesson taught by the present conflict. * * * * "The Cities of Christ" is to be the gen eral subject of a series of sermons which 3Ubo Mill J&t tf)t J2ext igope? Cardinals De Lai, Maffi, Gasparri, V'ico, Lualdi, Pom pili, Ferrata, Richelmy and Delia Chiesa Make Up List From Which It Is Expected Successor of Pius X Will Be Chosen. Who will be the next Pope? Unless all signs fail,4 and they often do in a papal conclave, one of the fol lowing named cardinals, all Italians, will be the fortunate, or if the late Pope's view be accepted, the unfortunate per son, says a special cable to the Church News Association of New York: Catetan Cardinal De Lai, Bishop of Sa blna, one of the Ave suburban sees of Rome. Peter Cardinal Maffl, Archbishop^ of Pisa. Peter Cardinal Gasparri, one of the great administrators of the curia, or gov. erning body of the church. Guistana Cardinal Vico, the nuncio at Madrid. Alexander Cardinal Lualdi, Archbishop of Palermo. Guiseppe Cardinal pompili, secretary of the Consistorial Congregation. Dominic Cardinal Ferrata, long in the diplomatic service of the church, but for fifteen years past a foremost administra tor of the curia. The cable also declares: Some mention is heard of Cardinal Richelmy, Archbishop of Turin, and of Cardinal Delia Chiesa, Archbishop of Bologna. It is reported that in ten days, or the earliest time possible in law, the conclave will sit for the election. In that case it may prove that all English-speaking car dinals may not be ab?e to reach Rome, owing to war and Impeded transporta tion. Cardinal Farley of New York is in Switzerland, and there are nearly forty cardinals in Rome and in Italy already. In the Sacred College there are some famous leaders remaining, but it is to be remembered that they are advanced in years, and some of them ill unto death. The brothers Vannutelli are seventy eight and eighty years of age. and the elder is blind and ill. Cardinal Gotti, long known in two hemispheres, is ill-and has been so for three years. The new Pope will be one of the younger men, probably j one of the curia. Personality and not policies will deter-? mine the election. Never was there need for a stronger man than now in the papal chair. Ques tions decided by former Popes pale when compared, with those that will confront in connection with the present war. Millions of Catholics are fighting?on opposite sides. And all are true Catholics, so th? think. Rebuilding of Catholic Europe after the war. what is to become of Austria. ti:< remaining stronghold of the church in Europe, in the event of Germany losing . It is no wonder that every cardinal Is : - ported to pray upon entering a conclave that the election may not fall upon him. Within the last three years there h.< come up from the bottom to the top of the curia, from the bottom to the top of influence in the Sacred College, one prel ate, and he has done so without incur ring jealousies, so great is his usefulness to the pontiff, and his administrative ability in delicate affairs of the church. He is Cardinal L>e Lai. Venetian by birth and in part by education, and ,1u-t passed his sixty-first birthday. In a sin gular sense he represents the present policies of the church, as laid down bv the late Pope. There are many uncer tainties of conclaves, but if present poli cies are to be continued this strong leader is held to be the man to continue them. Of others named Cardinal Maffi is per haps most liberal In his ideas, in so far as that the church must accept conditions, perhaps hold better relations toward Qulrinal. and certainly enter more upon work for social conditions throughout the world than the church has heretofore done. Cardinals Ferrata. Gasparri, Pompili and Vico are strong men and their names are often mentioned. It is to be said again that personality will determine. The conclave will seek to choose the strongest man. The policies of the Ro man Catholic Church in attitude toward modernism, toward education, toward governments. Is settled. There used to be councils of the church that were legislative bodies. The late Pope made new laws. He began to make them because in the last conclave Aus tria, some say at the behest of Germany and Italy, interferred to prevent the election of Cardinal Rampolla because he was supposed to be too closely identified with France. While he was about It, however. P1u?i X revised the whole code. In so doliitf he made the Roman Catholic Church left a council and more a single Pope church than ever. The striking thing about the laws he made Is that fact. The cardi nals. as Individuals or as a council or a conclave, may not touch a single provi sion. They may only elect a Pope, and tfrat Pope must do all, or nearly all. imbap1 ?s>ci)ool1 Hes&on jgp Eeb. 3E.| &tebtngon. THE WEDDING FEAST?Matthew, 22:1-14. Golden Text: O, Jerusalem. Jerusalem, that killeth the prophets and stoneth them that are sent unto her! How often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gatli ereth her own brood under her wings, and ye would not! Luke, 13:34 I The parable of the wedding feast, often j called the parable of the marriage of the king's son, must not be confused with the parable of the great supper, the iirst lesson in the second quarter of the year. Close observation will reveal their similarities and dif ferences. While they have much in com mon, they are clear ly separate. The thought must be un folded to suit the occasion, the audi ence and the pur pose of the mes sage. Reading the two parables with this in mind, we become convinced of their distinct individualty. We are still studying the last day of Christ's public ministry. It is the third and most severe of the three parables of judgment. It is most natural that the mind of the Bridegroom turns for the basis of His words to a wedding feast. This should have been His wedding day, bright and joyous. But His heart is heavy as He sees His final rejection by those whom He would gather under His wings,- but they would not. As Gibson says of the parable, "No creed article have we here, but a cry from the sore heart of the Heavenly Bridegroom, in the day of His sorrow, in the pain of unre quited love." * * ? * The Invitation. Notice God's invitation. It is from a King to His subjects, not an everyday af fair. It is an invitation to a wedding feast, a royal wedding feast. The best the King can procure will be set forth and the entertainment* will be regal. Ho# different from the picture painted by His enemies. God's invitation to us is not an invita tion to sorrow, tears and woe. By His grace we are permitted to enter into a new life of joy and happiness, for as we walk with Jesus we find that His yoke is easy and His burden is light. Note, also, that this is an invitation, not a command. The feast is to be filled with those who accept of their own accord, not with un willing guests. It is an invitation, not a subpoena. This freedom implies obligations. For our decision, made in accordance with our own desires, we must be ready to answer. Also note that the Invitation was ex tended more than once, signifying His patience toward His children. * # * * (The Refusals. Indeed, the great heart of the Savior must have been heavy ss He depicts Rev. Howard Hannaford Is to preach at the Sunday evening sermons In the tent on the lawn of Gurley Memoria1 rresbyterlan Church. His special topic for tomorrow evening will be "The Cities of Christ's Boyhood." Rev. Mr. Hannaford lived In th? orient for several years and traveled extensively in Palestine, so It Is pointed out he can speak of the Holy Land from first-hand observation. There will be an informal song service from 7 :45 to 8 o'clock and special music during the servioe. Mr. Charles D. Church will sing and Mr. Walter F. Smith of the United States Marine Band will play the cornet In case of rain the service will be held In the Gurley Memorial Church, immedi ately adjoining the tent the refusal of the Heavenly Father's in vitation to the Israelites. Three distinct classes of refusal are seen. First, there are those who in re sponse to the invitation make a de liberate decision of the will; "They would not come." Second, there are those who made light of the royal bid ding:, even when extended a second time, and went their ways, to their farms and their merchandise. Third, there are those who became angered at the invitation, and to strike at the King abused His ambassadors. The rejection of God's invitation means the same thing today as it meant twenty centuries ago. The same division can be made of those who refuse. Some with deliberate intent are setting their faces against the light. Others are blind ed by their possessions or their am bitions. While there is a third c!as? who would again crucify the Galilean and strike at Him through His church or His messengers or His hoy word The same penalties are inflicted. They find themselves without the pale of the feast, and when they come to finally weigh the results of their decimt n tne/ find that the placing of their will or their own petty affairs above the will of God is sheer folly, for they like the rebellious subjects, they learn that. "He that falleth on this stone shall be broken, but on whomsoerer it shall fail it will scatter him as dust." * * * * The Guests. "To" the Jew first, then to the Ge t tlles," was the order of God's offer of salvation. The calling of the Gentiles m skillfully brought within the scope of the parable by the use of the word trans lated in the revised version, "the parting of the highways," which suggests th ? idea of the servants leaving the city and ! going out in all directions to carry th 3 | good news without distinction to every I hyman heart | However, we must not be misled by the words, good and bad, for in the light of the king's condemnation of the h>po | crite we find this is only a relative term, as all must prepare themselves for the fe&Bt by putting on the cloak of right eousness. At first sight- the king's action towar^ the guests who had no wedding garment seems rather severe for the offense. One? writer well suggests that the cause wan spiritual, that the lack of the garment was a guidepost to bis character?he de sired to share in the feast and its Joys without paying the cost. This is prob-^ ably the true significance. Another writer points out that the offender is an individual who suffers an in dividual penalty for an individual sin, in contrast with the first part of the parable, where the offenders are treated as classes. In other words, the Master wishes to make prominent the personal responsibil ity of the hypocrite. Whichever of thes-.j! views we accept, the same spiritual truth prevails. As Jesus looks into the faces of his hearers, these people of Jerusalem who had heard His words and seen His mir acles, there comes to His lips those words laden with sorrow: "Many are called, but few are chosen." Much difficulty has been caused by a failure to recall the situation and the in cense emotion under which these words were uttered. They were limited by the circumstances and were not meant to predict that only a few should be saved. This truth was fulfilled in the Jewish people, who were called to be a nation, but of whom only a few were finally chcsen. If was fulfilled in Gideon's army; thir ty-two thousand were called, but three hundred chosen. It was not meant, how ever, to be universal in its future appli cation, for the hour draws nigh when every knee shall bow and every tongue profess His name, and then those who have In sincerity put on the cloak of righteousness will be His guests and partake of the Joys of the King's mol ding feast for Hie Son and His Bri. the church universal.