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They Have AlreadyPlayed Important Parts in European War. Servian Army One of the Two Armed Forces Earliest Engaged. Army of Belgium Recruited Partly by VolT-* 1 T untary .enlistment ana Partly by Forcible Con- * scription ? How the Soldiers Are Dressed. Liuj.'j.unfl T.THOTJGH jtreatV H * inferior in numR hers to the arrhiea y fll%. of the grea t ^ pow France and AusV pium and Servia i) ^ M have already played conspicuously prominent parts in the great world struggle now in progress. The Servian army was one of the two armed forces earliest engaged, for the nations first to pair off in mortal combat were little Servia and powerful Austria, an it has been correspondingly before the public eye. Moreover, its reputation, made in the recent and severe Balkan war, was already very high, and the world in general knew that, though small, it was an exceptionally well drilled and equipped body of men. Few countries, probably, have ever placed in the field an army so large in proportion to their population as has this little Slavic kingdom. The Belgian army had not been engaged in hostilities for manv decades. If it ever could be said to have engaged ?~ A FIRE I HALLOWE Wxiii^n. me r,ve ui ah oauhs, v?* Halloween, is commonly sup posed to be solely a Christian festival, the fact is that this celebration is really a survival of the pagan feast to Pomona, the goddess of fruits and seeds. This same date was also used by the Druids of ancient England to give thanks to the sun for its harvests. One of their teachings was that on this day Saman, the Lord of Death, gathered together all the spirits- which for the past year had been obliged to live in the bodies of animals. The Druids held great ceremonial religious services in order to propitiate this fearsome god and with gifts and long prayers sought to gain his good will. On this date the same people lighted their huge fires in honor of the god Baal. In Wales the observance is kept up to this day, and on the Welsh hills the flare of flames may still be seen on the last night of October. * * * The custom was for every family to build a flre and each member throw In a stone, over which they then said appropriate prayers. If the stones were found in the morning it meant good luck, but any one whose stone was missing must understand that It was a warning of death for the coming year. In Scotland pretty much the same customs held, fires being lighted, apples and nuts eaten in great quantities and then the ashes were raked into a circle within which was a stone placed for each member of the group. Blazing torches were borne about villages, typical of the burning of souls in purgatory and also as a sign of immortality. In Ireland the observance of Halloween was also a pagan feast and was ailed the Vigil of Saman. Men went from hut to hut collecting food, while the women baked cakes and feasted on apples and nuts. in the Island of I-ewis there was an observance of sacrificing to a sea god. The people would gather at a church, bringing provisions, one man being selected as a spokesman. This person would wade out into the sea and pour into the water a cup of ale as a propitiary offering to this god, whose name was Shony. After this the candle on the altar was put out and the folks fell to drinking and dancing until day. The Irish had a tfrink called "lambswool," n;ade from roasting apples, but the word was originally "lamasool." This was drunk in honor of the angel supposed to preside over the fall fruits and nuts. All of the many ways of telling the future and of foreseeing a husband were used in Ireland. Tn some parts of England ft was usual to bake cakes called ' soul cakes" on this day. In many parts of Ireland and Scotland today there is prepared for the evening meal a dish of mashed potatoes and parsnips known as call-cannon. A large bowl is filled to the brim with this mixture, a well is dug in the center of the mess and filled with butter, while somewhere in the dish is concealed a gold ring. When the food is served the person getting the ring is supposed to be the one who will marry during the coming year. Queen Victoria gave a celebration at r :?UMT1!ES BnBEraagWMftWaaBSfflBmBBagara sni I .. [ ^?. ?n 1 . .. "A" ? as such, and none knew at first how the ancient military reputation of the natives of this little neutral state would fare. The question did not remain long- unanswered, however, for tho Vlfotra ilflorlo Vi Vino ?? v?_v. o ui ?- ??- VI "Wift Albert in checking the German advance and giving- France the chance she needed to "get herself together" are now a part of history, and right well have they acquitted themselves in every respect? organization, equipment and morale. Not lightly did Julius Caesar say in his commentaries that of all the Gauls "the Belgae are the bravest." v - V ' v * ; " > *C sax. AD OF SEUVIA'S STANDING EM IS A PAG. zw^i^gwrr.7W2^griBra^?firj?aa^ia^g her castle of Balmoral, in Scotland, in 1874, at which the people gathered from all the surrounding country at dark. The queen and Princess Beatrice drove about the grounds in an open phaeton with a lighted torch, followed by a long procession of tenants and servants also bearing lights. Around the gloomy pile the long line wound its way. making a striking picture, and when they reached the entrance on the return a big bonfire was aflame. As the gl -.re shone on the gray stone pile a figure dressed as a goblin in brightest attire came on the scene pulling a car containing the effigy of a witch, the wagon itself being ,surrounded by fairies. The figure of the hag was at last tossed into the flames and consumed, after which there was dancing of the native steps to the music of her majesty's piper. ivui lutuic pcti met can ue uibcuvered Halloween by carefully paring an apple so that the peeling comes off in one long, unbroken strip, whirling this carefully three times around the head, theh casting it backward. It will form the first letter of your sweetheart's name. Two apple seeds named for two lovers and stuck on the eyelids will show the faithful one's name by the sticking of the seed named for the most constant one. If there is a church convenient, a maid can take a bag of hempseed, walk around the edifice, saying, "Hempseed I sow, hempseed I A Disappointment. **"pOOR Germans! I understand that they had about a ton of iron crosses marked "Paris, 1914," which were to be distributed among their soldiers as soon as the French capital was taken." The speaker was J. A. Conry, the Russian consul to Boston. He went on: "Poor Germans! Their disappointment after the battle of the Marne reminds me of the girl and the millionaire. "A bachelor millionaire had been calling on a girl for some months, and one evening he said to her, with an embarrassed air: " T have ventured to bring you a small?er?present, a small present. It is gold. But perhaps it won't?ha, ha, ha!?perhaps It Won't fit your finger. Will you try it on?" "Why, certainly, George?I mean, that is, Mr. Bitches,' said the girl, and she blushed as red as a peony, and motor cars and pearl necklaces and Paris K?wns aanceu ueiore ner tye?. wuy, certainly.' "And she put out her hand, and the timid millionaire slipped a gold thimble on her linger." The Continental Method. ^ piGURES can't He," said Represen^ tatlve Wagner, aprppos of a Galveston girl's wooing at the hands of a Polish baron. "There's nothing like figures. "This Galveston girl, entering the parlor, said to her father in surprise: "'Why, Where's the baron?' " 'I've jiist told the baron,' the old man answered, '.what yohr dowry Is to be, and he has retired to the library to figure out whither' he loves you or not: - ^ OF BELGII & ? i v-Sry, ji "jm.hlmtm ifT> i/sva-t-- si* wgo Q c\ r - -v BELGIAN TROOPERS IN ANTWERP The army of Belgium is peculiar as regards the fact that it is recruited partly by voluntary enlistment anci partly by forcible conscription, aboul 50 per cent in each case. Firse engagements for those making voluntary choice of a career of arms are from five to seven years for those undei eighteen years of age, and from thres ? flvn nV/v.ra A# tk. i v? in c hji l uuov auuvc cigiiiccu. VI mi compulsory recruits. Infantrymen serve fifteen months, as do engineers and garrison artillerymen; field artillerymen serve twenty-one months, and troopers two years. At about the age ' - 4 \ ' *- ' * ' * ... %*'. I ' '' " ' 1: *;' ** > : ?#; ARMY. AN FEAST 1 iiif IIIL iiiiTiii/iS^iifii^^f*iQT!tSf!r^?r\F?A'?t^'kffiTffi&v mow, let my true love come after me," then, by looking over the left shoulder, she will see a likeness of her loved one following. * * A maid may also throw out of th window the end of a ball of yarn, watching It unroll and repeating the Lord's Prayer, when, at last, she will _ v . > v>a uou ?J ?.v. 01(^111. VI 11C1 1 UlUl C husband. Another favorite test is to take a candle, and, walking into an empty room, eat the apple there before a mirror. In the glass you will see the face of your future partner. Place on the floor three dishes?one with clean, one with dirty and the other no water at all; allow a blindfolded person to place his hands in one, the dish's position being changed after the person has been led from the room. On being admitted and taken to the table on which the dishes stand the person must touch the one nearest him or her. If the empty one is selected, It means single blessedness; if the foul one, they will be widowed, and the clean water a happy marriage. Place a glass of water with a sliver of wood in it by your bed when retiring, and if you dream of falling off a bridge into a river and being rescued, you will see the face of your sweetheart as the heroic life saver. Cob Pipe Survivors. Notwithstanding the fact that this age is roundly and soundly denounced as the age of luxury, age oi extravagance, age of high living and the age of reckless waste, there is one of the symbols of early American simplicity and old-fashioned plain democracy which holds on in the world, even though it may not hold its own. The surprising thing is that it survives at all. It is plain and old-fashioned, and besides these drawbacks and handicaps is positively cheap?repulsively and vulgarly cheap. It is the corncob pipe?the American meerschaum. The world which does not run to cigarettes and brilliant-banded cigars seems to draw on French briar pipes made of American cherry and other United States woods. The mouthpiece is of amber, which may be yellow glass or celluloid. Around the stem may b a thin metal mounting of tin stamped with a silversmith's hallmark. But it is called a sweet briar despite Its odor. To look at the crowd in the bleachers and the grandstand, which is said by sporting reporters to be a typical American crowd, it would appear that the French briar has become the American national pipe. Yet corncob pipes are still made and are sold by the million. They are sold in the United States and outside of the United States. They constitute quite a respectable article of export. Most ol them are made in Missouri, and in 1913 the factories of that state turned out more than 32,000,000 corncob pipes, worth about half a million dollars. They are smoked on the streets of Cairo, the streets of London and throughout South Africa. Smoke goes up from them all over Australia. America gave the world tobacco it has given to the world the corncob pipe. JM AMD SI ' ':; ' \$T : ' >" '"' V '*":' -;'<>' ' " - ; > ' < " V* ': " C " ' f T ?'"- >'' < ' >' ' . . ',: -V .-n.,s - : < - '" ; , i .' ' > l . " * V. ug^'^r v?-- < i ^ V* J * ?? fl? Ji.J mmmmmmmmd i of twenty, young: Belgians draw lots I for service, and out of the annual conl tingrent of some 40,000 liable to service, : 13,000 are usually taken. The total theoretical period of servp ice for those taken into the army by i the conscription route is eight years in * the active army and five more in the ? reserve forces. Actually, in times of J peace, however, the time is nearly al5 ways greatly reduced. Reservists are I liable for four, six or eight weeks' training, according to their arm of the I forces, in the second, third or fourth > years of their service. This training period may be divided into any two years. * * The authorized peace strength of the Belgian army is about 3,300 officers and 50,300 of other ranks. The number of trained men available in war, as at the present time, eventually comes to only about 350,000. The field army in time of peace, the nucleus around wihch are built the wartime forces, is organized into six general divisions and two cavalry divisions. Members of the various staffs, the medical department, the veterinary department and the administration officers, number about 1,000. The infantry forces comprise about 27,000, the cavalry 6,000, the artillery 9,700, the train, or army service corps, 225; the engineers 1,700, and various other corps, including the recently formed aeronautical company, composed of a number of sections of four airships each, about 2,000 more. Antwerp, Liege, Brussels, Namur and Ghent, all names on every tongue just now, are among the divisional headquarters in both war and peace times. The two brigades of field artillery and the two cavalry divisions are stationed at Brussels and Ghent, while the two brigades of fortress or garrison artillery, those men who have so keenly felt the brunt of the German advance, are stationed respectively at Antwerp and Namur. The engineer regiment has its headquarters at Antwerp, as does the army service corps. In addition to the field army, there are two additional armed forces in operation during times of peace, and WHERE EUROPEDivra j n* I *HESE uhlans have figured very j I prominently in the war news from Europe, especially in the advance through Belgium and the early days of the turning movement 1 in northern France," said an army officer. "Sometimes in the dispatches they appear simply as uhlans, but for i some reason which I do not know, the word, though a common noun applying to a large part of Germany's cavalry, is frequently capitalized; that is, uhlan is spelled with a capital *U.' The , tendency of American newspapers, as well as other newspapers, is to restrict and diminish the use of capital letters, just as they have furthered the process of omitting punctuation marks 1 except where they are required to show the sense of a sentence, yet this word uhlan, if repeated a hundred times in the course of a column, frequently appears with a capital 'U.' It is a practice made in Germany. "Far in the lead of the main German armies in Belgium and northern France has ridden independent cavalry, and with the advance guard preceding every main body has ridden advance cavalry and the cavalry of the advance guard. The flanking pa- , trols have also been cavalry, and because this uhlan corps seems to be the corps d'elite of the German army 1 and is the best advertised part of the ; German military establishment, it ' happens that whenever anybody sees a German trooper or German cavalry- ' man he says, 'uhlan.' ] "In the struggling armies of Europe ! today are uhlans, hussars, dragoons, j cuirassiers and lancers, but they are all plain cavalry, armed with the same 1 weapons. In garrison, in time of ] peace, tney nave distinctive uniforms. Those names, uhlan, hussar, dragoon 1 and cuirassier memorialize in a way , distinctive features in cavalry which have long- ago passed away. ! "In the infantry of Europe are grenadiers, fusllliers, carbineers and rifles, 1 but the grenadiers are not especially ! assigned to throw grenades and the gun carried by fusllliers, musketeers, 1 carbineers and rifles is the same, and * of course is a rifle. When the larger 1 proportion of troops were armed with smoothbores, or muskets, the rifle ' regiments were distinctive troops. "In the United States Army there used to be dragoons, light dragoons, heavy dragoons, rifles, light infantry and so forth, but today cavalry is cavalry and infantry is infantry. The present American organizations have not even retained their old designations, but in many cases in Europe they have. , "The United States military authorities have been revolutionary in standardizing troops and equipment. It has been figured out or reasoned out that it promotes greater efficiency. This spirit has been carried so far that no regiment in the same branch of the service has a single distinctive feature in the uniform, except the regimental number. No matter how historic the regiment, and there are many such regiments in /the United States Army, it gains no distinctive name other than 1st Artillery, 7th Cavalry, 9th Infantry, etc. Even territorial designations are unknown in the United States Army, though propositions looking to that end have been discussed, sometimes with a good deal of favor. In the British army are the Dorsets, the Somersets, the Connaughts and the Innisklllens, but nothing like this territorial ' system of recruiting obtains in the United States Army. c "To come back to the matter of uh- s lans, there Is a great deal of mystery i RYIA PUT BBgggMagBgaflB^^ augmented proportionately in times of war, the gendarmerie and the garde civique. The former is a semi-military ; corps, which Includes about 3,800 of all ranks, nearly one-half of whom are : horsemen. The garde civique is com- ] posed of some 46,000 officers and men. It is organized on a military basis, and ] has, like the army, a large reserve. In ; war it is used for garrisoning fortifl- 1 cations and guarding lines of commu- | nication, and has, in the present great 1 struggle, already proven its value, for ] it relieves the regular fighting men of < routine duties to a very great extent, j and permits them to be largely in the ? actual zone of the struggle. v _ i * * Since the outbreak of the great war the dally press has made the stocky } figure of the Belgian linesman a famil- ; lar one to the public. His uniform, 1 which is of a dark gray hue, with facings and trimmings of various colors, is modeled largely on the garb worn by his French brother-in-arms. His cap, or "kepi," is of the same general patterns, and so Is his doublebreasted greatcoat. Loose trousers, tucked into heavy laced boots coming to mid-calf, form the footgear, and his arm is a magazine rifle with a sword bayonet. Certain corps of guards seen in the capital city are clad on gala occasions in a bearskin shako of the style affected by the British footguards, and a small cap something like a Highlander's "Glengarry" bonnet is also a common head-covering on fatigue duty. Belgian cavalrymen are divided into lancers, dragoons and chasseurs. The lancers wear the characteristic uhlan hat, chasseurs the kepi, as in the regiments of French chasseurs a cheval, and the dnagoons a helmet and, in some corps, a bearskin shako. Their tunics are of various colors and the whole garb presents a more colorful picture than thfi nlain clothes of the infantrv men. Charles S. Jerram, an Englishman, in discussing the armed forces of this little kingdom in a publication dated a decade and a half ago has the following rather prophetic statement to make in regard to a possible war between Belgium's two powerful and envious neighbors, Prance and Germany: "It is interesting to note that, while by the conventions of 1831 the perpetual neutrality of Belgium is guaranteed, these conventions state that such neutrality would be of little use to those neighboring states if the Belgian ,kingdom fails in its military force to make it respected. In case of a war between Germany and France it is considered probable that, with the enormous armies that would be brought into the field, use would be made of Belgian territory, since the available counterminious frontier of those two states would not afford space enough for the efficient employment of the vast hosts concerned." When this was written the treaty contemptuously referred to by the German chancellor as "a scrap of paper" was, of course, in existence. * * * Servia has a population of slightly less than 3,000,000 people, of which about 90 per cent are Servians, and in case of war it is estimated that she can put into the field between three and four hundred thousand armed men, or more than 10 per cent of the total inhabitants. This is a staggering percentage, but it seems to be borne out by the facts. Military service is both compulsory and universal, and liability for such extends from .the age of eighteen to that of fifty. Recruits do not join, however, until they are twenty-one, as a rule, and complete their whole term of service by the time they are for,ty-flve. The army of Servia is divided into three lines or "bans." The first is the active army and its reserve. The second ban consists of reservists of more advanced years, and the third is the territorial army. This last iorce is not. regularly organized and is intended, except in a very great emergency, for AN AEMY ONS GET NAMES as to hpw the word came to be applied to horse troops. It is not the name of a place or a territory oc a tribe. As far back as the word can be traced it is Turkish, in which old language it , appeared as 'oghlan' and meant son or boy, and seems farther back to have meant a prince. In an early period of Europe's history some mounted troops i appeared with semi-oriental uniforms j and sabers shaped like scimetars, and c they were called uhlans, why, I do not know, but perhaps it may be reasoned out something in this way: When 3 some Turkish or Saracenic cavalry ap- J peared in fine array and caught the t popular fancy 'or performed some no- s table achievement, the civil population " of that day might have said, 'They are the uhlans,' just as we are apt today to say. They are the boys,' for uhlan, a as I have said, was the Turk's word for q boy. n * r * * f "In this country soldier men with f gray hair and crutches are always, af- t fectionately spoken of, if they do not want anything, as 'soldier boys.' So, I ? suppose, the Turks called their troopers 'the uhlans' or "the boys,' and when f a European government mounted sortie men as cavalry and dressed them in? barbaric uniforms they also called them. uhlans. And the name has stuck. _ "I once read that the uhlans may *! be taken as a title descriptive of Ger- % man cavalry in general. The name nas a stuck because of the fame which they g attained by their dash and bravery. 0 luring the Franco-German war. But the uhlans, or, as it is generally spelled,, ulans, are a distinctive corps. The 8 name is by no means distinctively Ger- h man. A DOdy of uhlans was formed h for the French army by Marshal Saxe. n They were introduced into the Frus- x sian service in 1740, and forty years j, later the Austrlans also had a corps r nf uhlans?light cavalry armed with ? the lance. tl "Other European cavalry, such as ^ hussars and cuirassiers, do not get the ii8tinction of capital letters generally, t, Hussars are so called "because in the fifteenth century the King of Hungary and Bohemia, whose name was Vlatthlas Corvinus, organized a body 3f cavalry and drew one man out of every twenty in certain villages. Now, the Hungarian word for twenty is " husz* and the word for twentieth is c: hUBzar'; therefore, these cavalrymen were huszars or hussars. \J "Dragoons got their special designa- ? tion in this way: In the middle of the J? sixteenth century a body of cavalry was armed with a short heavy gun, h Krnicn was called a dragon. Tnese guns b, :ame to be called dragons because the gj Tiaker, seeing some analogy between P( ihem and dragons because the gun jpit fire, engraved a dragon on the bar- ?p -el of each weapon. The cavalry car- r( rying these guns came to be called _ Iragons and the people using that word tl stressed the last syllable and made the a] > long. In imitating the pronunciation w we came to call them 'dragoons.' si "Now we come to cuirassiers. These vere cavalry who wore a cuirass or a urace, which at first was a heavy eather chest protector, and leather came .0 be made of metal, and this defensive a< irmor covered the front of the body w Tom the chin to the waist. Some cav- cc ilry was called 'lancers' because the roopers carried lances, and other cav- fc tlry was called 'carbineers' because the. ri roopers carried carbines. About the la niddle of the seventeenth century there, si vere English troopers called pistoliers fli >ecause they carried pistols. This cav- tc ilry fought in the English civil wars, m rhe word 'cavalry' has descended from ej he word cavalier, a knight who fought qi in horseback, and 'cavalier' comes in si lome way from caballo, the Spanish It vord for horse. tl BIG AMMI home defense purely. It would usually comprise only about fifteen regiments and a few squadrons of horse. In the infantry continuous service Is for one and one-half years, for artillery and cavalry two years. Service In the first line reserve extends over a period or eignt or eignt and one-nair pears, according to the branch, so that ten years is the term spent by the Servian youth in the first ban. After this decade of more or less active service he passes successively into the second ban, where he remains six years, and the third, where he remains enrolled for eight more. Servla is laid out into divisional areas, five in number, each of which supplies a division of the active army. Each of these divisions is composed of Lwo infantry brigades of two regiments of four battalions each, a regiment of field artillery, comprising nine batteries of four guns each, and a regifij?l Ihu. nl n<*?V v MnTiff^)tiffWlffl H^r 'HjB Sp ! ' ' :' fl^^K HB ' V - VBB :' TM I A MIGHT W; WITH most of England'9 laddies gone to the front "the girls they left behind them" will have little ncentive for the gay and superstitious >ractices of "Nut-crack night," as they all Halloween. In that country, as in lur own. this festival is celebrated the list day of October, being the eve of U1 Saints' day, and it is supposedly he time when spirits walk on the eaHh, pooks hide in every corner and hobrobhns run wild. With such superstitions, probably inugurated by the ancient heathen, it is "l*o natural that all nmrtloM on this light should be of such a nature as night be favorable for spirits to maniest themselves. But it is also a time or lassies to test the faithfulness of heir lovers, and many a girl will find ome atonement for the absence of her over if the "oracle of the nut" proves avorable for her. v * This superstition forms the larger art of "Nut-crack night" practices in England, and is performed as follows: l number of nuts are named by as many iris for their lovers and put on a bed f coals. If a nut jumps the lover is nfaithful?probably he is a man of pirit and finds conditions too hot for im. But if a nut should blaze and burn < e surely loves the lass who named the ut? the fires of love rage in his bosom, f both nuts, named for a maid and her jvfer, burn together, they will be marled. It is well to advise those on the nxious seat performing this ceremony o use dry, combustible nuts and a fine ed of red coals. Burns gives us a picture of the nuturning rite: The auld guld wife's weel hordet ntta Are round and round divided. Alia moule laa.i aua iusmcs iates Are there that night decided, etc. Dr. Goldsmith in the "Vicar of Wakeeld" says that "the rustics religiously racked nuts on All Hallow's eve." Scotland, too, carries out its celebraion in much the same manner, and ften the unromantic cabbage plays a rominent part in the festivities of the ay. < After a young girl has been carefully , lindfolded she gropes her way to a cab- , age patch and pulls the first plant she < tumbles against. Returning to the ex- , efctant group with the prize it is care- < Jlly judged in the following manner: ( he amount of earth cling.ng to the f lots shows the amount of their dowry < -better luck to her if It's a wet night? ? le shape and size indicates the appear- ] race and height of the future husband, t hile the flavor of the heart and stem t gnifies that gentleman's disposition. * 2 * * t But listen to what the worthy Scot J 3vises for superstitious young men ho have plenty of courage and a good t institution: "Young men go out, one or more? >r this is a social spell?to a south- a inning spring or rivulet where three irds' lands meet, and dip your left lirt sleeve. Go to bed in sight of a d re and hang your wet sleeve before it ii dry. Lie awake, and some time near d idnight an apparition, having the g cact figure of the 'grand object' in b jestion will appear and turn the a eeve as if to dry the other side of it. g is not stated whether you detach le sleeve from your coat for the I: ?? OM SB? ment of divisional cavalry. This last t corps, however. Is on the order of the \ British yeomanry regiments and Is not \ embodied in time of peace. The regular I cavalry forces of Servla are taken care t of by a division composed exclusively a of cavalry, four regiments In number, t and recruited from the country at large. a * ? * * I The Held army proper In time of war j! is estimated to amount to about 175,- r 000 officers and men. Reservists of the a first and second bans are depended ' upon to make good losses occurring In 1 the field, and amount to about 95,000 J * * wvyo. r Servian infantrymen are armed with t the Mauser rifle, having: a caliber of t seven millimeters, and with the pop- r ular sword bayonet. The field gun of t ^ ^ ^ >!* ? V-*.- ^ : - ^ I g| r% gtl '^^H^p^flH) -- :'>i 'v ^.. :?::3'a ; Hk1 >r ' tjr ^ 4 wi: :$&iM':- ; ?.' > r ft ' * . ? :>. HV>: * -. - . . a ; ^//ArroA/Ac XfetYjr. '^Bv'. ?n ' : . * :. ..v>. v.. -t ...;'- . . ?'.,'. :' c-ts?* .' ro MEMBERS OF BELGIAN CAVALRY. HEN HOBGOBi "-????? ?? I- *v? .??!?> Strati fAF X pi 1/V.CDO, IIVI 19 I HO 1 OOIJJO t>"v" * curing your next morning's feelings as p a result from a wetting, a sleepless \ night and most probably a failure to s see the 'grand object* you expected n to appear at midnight." In Ireland the whole family partici- t pate in the mysterious spirit of the d time and combine to make Halloween t a gala day. Even a traveler who must n needs be abroad after dark on that s day plays boisterous tunes on his bag- t pipe or sings loudly, "It's a Rocky t Road to Dublin," and one needs to util- t ize these methods to frighten away t the elves and hobgoblins who haunt the dark and lie in wait to play tricks ^ on just such a belated pedestrian. v At the home gatherings plenty of n nuts and apples are provided, grand- o fathers tell stories of the "good old c days" and mothers knit, while the 1< daughters dumbly knead cake with h their left thumbs. And by no means s must breadmaker speak, for a single e word would break the spell and de- n stroy all hope of seeing her future fj husband in her dreams after having \t eaten the mystic "dumb-cake." ti Tn thin pidin rv a 1 an tha hnVR flPA vaII tr provided with amusement and often ti play "snap-apple." In this game a t! skewer with an apple on one end and h a lighted candle on the other Is sus- b; pended from the ceiling. Whoever a catches the apple in his mouth takes it b as a prize, while the boy who is un- tl fortunate enough to catch the candle cj only gets burned. b< Considering that All Saints' day was a: originally kept May 1, there appears to m be but little doubt that Halloween and ai Understood a Joke. KIT ANY years ago, when Victoria was 44 *VI QUeen of England, she and the consort. Prince Albert, had as their p; guests at Windsor Castle the three ai predecessors of the present rulers of rc Prussia, Austria and Russia. Today the holders of the thrones of those g. countries, though cousins, are at war n with each other. On the occasion of this visit of the 88 potentates the three were one bright morning walking quietly about the beautiful gardens of the estate. Arm st in arm the King of Prussia, the Csar of Russia and the Emperor of Austria ae strolled, but today the only one living of the trio is Pranz Josef of Austria, th On their way down a path they met a al gardener and at once engaged him in conversation. The laborer, seeing three luietly dressed gentlemen with no signs of royalty about them, at once ^ concluded that they belonged to the ^ suite of the visiting crowned heads. ^ But he decided to find out with car- loi :ainty. So he addressed one, asking n whom he had the hnnnr nf Bncairinv "Well," replied the one addressed, "I im the King- of Prussia." This was rue, and it might also be added that au he gentleman later became also the irst Emperor of Germany. "And I am the Czar of Russia," said he second gentleman with a smile. The gardener looked Incredulous. * "And I am the Emperor of Austria," fik .dded Franz Josef. The gardener burst into a loud laugh. Ta "Now, pray tell us who you are," j emanded the czar of the man. Think- , ng he was the victim of a joke, and letermined to get the best of it, the Pc ardener stuck his hands behind his S* ack, flapped his coat tails ih the air, da nd strutted off, saying with a loud tyruffaw: " "Why, I am the Great Mogul of mi ndia." ha rLEFIELD) i he artillery, which did such excellent vork in the late Balkan war, and' vhich has not been idle so far in the >resent struggle against Austria, for he Servians are said to be exceptionilly good artillerists, is a quick-firer, milt on the Schneider-Canet system. The uniforms of the troops of Servia ippear to be in general style a com>inatlon of the native costume and the >revailing military garbs of Russia ind Austria. Infantrymen wear a >louse tunic of dark blue and artillery nen wear a similar garment, but with i black collar. Engineers wear the iame style of clothing, but affect colars of a cerise color. Foot soldiers wear a high-crowned kepi similar to he cap worn by Austrian line infantry nen and Jaegers, but the officers have he flat cap that is characteristic of he armies of Russia. Servian cavalrynen are a delight to the eye in light due tunics and crimson trousers. S-- . . ''V : \ fglmButt^Fz ''^BSt '?' ' gMR?-;:si :> - - whr- . 1| ' SI ML iiuiKy mis roAir I Valpurgis, the night when Oermaa easants believe there's a witch festial, or gathering of evil spirits on the ummit of the Brocken in the Harts nountains, have a common origin. Halloween need no longer prove an toerruption to the American citizens ally constitutional, for by the cpm ined efforts of the police force and lumerous grouchy inhabitants the flour tunt and bean shooting are things of he past, but it is still advisable for all hose desiring their lawn benches for he next season to have them in byhe 31st. To all appearances, nuts and apples, .'ill be as much in demand this Halloween as ever, for the foreign war will lane lime umerence in our ceieoranon f this festival, and there are many urrent superstitions, such as the foi-; ?wing, by which a girl may solve her. eart's riddles on Halloween. Go uptairs backward, eating: a hard-boiled gg, without salt, and look into a lirror. The anxious maid will see hen ite in the glass over her shoulder; and e have it again with but little varlaon: Go down the cellar steps, carry-' lg a mirror, into which you look. The ice seen over your shoulder wilj be lat of your future husband. We also ave one utilizing the unromantic cab-, age, which advises a girl to go through graveyard, steal a cabbage, and, ringing it home, place the same above, le house door. The one on whom the ibbage falls as the door is opened will e the girl's destiny. Such experiments 3 the latter are usually left to rural laldens, for cabbages and graveyards re rather a scarcity in the city. Too Fresh. :*T*HE German advance on Paris, Its A arrival almost at the gates of' arts, then its swift swerve to the east id even swifter retreat?well, it all iminds me of the hunter." The speaker was Paul Rainey, the big trne hunter and cinematographer of ew York. He went on: "A hunter, taking a chew of tobacco, lid in a general store: "'Yesterday mornin" I struck a rlzzly's trail. I followed *er up till indown. Then I hiked back ter camp.** " 'Why did you hike back to campT ?ked the general storekeeper. " 'Wall, to tell ye the truth," said' e hunter, 'thet thar trail was a-gettin* together too fresh." " Very Superior. ENATOR WORKS, in an address In-* 1 Los Angeles, hit off nicely a dipmat of very aristocratic views. 'He is a very superior diplomat," said e senator. "In fact, he is so superior at, if he were invited to open an itomobile show, he'd be sure to turn in an aeroplane." * Work for All. 1 N epigram of John D. Rockefeller 1 is being quoted with approval in rrytown. Jr. Rockefeller, on the occasion of hi* fe's seventy-fifth birthday, said at >cantico Hills to the grandchildren thered round the great white birthy cake with its decoration of seven five wax candles: Children, remember this. Success'* tans hard work?but failure means rder."