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Fair tonight and Sunday; moderate .^/ ^ - a. a 11 ! ST "From Press to Home 1 sip' fT'iip lrfiplTfiTft t95i flrir i E3 ?.*-I. C*F z^^'AI'V'4 l/ll IAA Ja^JlvUI'+ I XXL _ =_ ^ ^ v?/ - "bally Aimr. IUUi taMir, S.VM. No. 19,869. . WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1915-TWENTY PAGES. * ONE CENT. LEGISLATIVE BILL PASSEDBYSENATE Measure Appropriates for Expenses of the Several Departments of Government. ITEM FOR LABOR INQUIRY IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA | Investigation to Cover Earnings Ont ide of Departments, Forecasting Uinimntn Wflov Taw. The Senate today passed the legisla- I five, executive and Judicial appropria- 1 tion bill, carrying- approximately $37,?00,000. Just before the passage of the bill the Senate adopted an amendment offered by Senator Kenyon of Iowa providing $6,000 for an investigation by the Department of Labor into cost of living of wage earners outside the government employ in the District of Columbia. This investigation is intended by its advocates as a forerunner of an attempt to have enacted a minimum wage law for the District. The National Consumers' League, which was instrumental in bringing about the enactment of the eight-hour law for women in the District, has taken a keen interest in the Kenyon amendment. Senator Martin, chairman of the appropriations committee, said that he would make no objection to the adoption of the amendment, since there seemed to be much sympathy with it | in the Senate, and that the matter | could be thrashed out in conference, j ithout opposition, tnereiore, ine | amendment was agreed to. Census of Agriculture Omitted. The first item under consideration to- ; day was that appropriating $2,286,000 for a census of agriculture. By a vote of 47 to 12 this was stricken out of the bill. It was bitterly criticised as an extravagant and useless proposition by Senator Ken yon of Iowa and others before the vote was taken. When the committee amendments had been disposed of Senator Martin of Virginia offered an amendment reducing from $2,600,000 to $2,200,000 the appropriation for revenue agents, gaugers. etc. Senator Martin presented a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury recommending the reduction. Its effect will be to eliminate one gauge of rectified spirits, two now being tnade. An amendment was offered by Senfetor Stone, chairman of the foreign relations committee, increasing from $30,000 to $75,000 an item for emer gency clerical services, to be expended by the Secretary of State at his discretion. Senator 8tone also sought to have adopted ah amendment for $15,000 to allow the State Department to lease h building near it for a period of live years at an annual hental of $15,000. Senator Martin made a point of order against this amendment and Senator Stone withdrew it. Effort to Preserve Maltby Building. An attempt was made by Senator | Shafroth of Colorado to have a provision inserted in the bill which would preserve from destruction the Malby building, which has been used as an annex of the Capitol and -which is doomed to be torn down under the lawproviding for the extension of the Capitol grounds to the Union station. He contended that the building should be continued in use by the government. A point of order by Senator Martin against the Shafroth amendment was sustained. Fund for Panama Canal Opening. During the consideration of the legislative bill in the Senate yesterday aft ernoon a committee amendment appropriating 5160.000 to be used by the President in connection with the formal opening of the Panama canal was adopted by the Senate after a sharp debate. Senator Fall sought to establish the basis on which the estimate of expenditures had been made. Senator Martin, chairman of the appropriations committee, said a conference of democratic and republican leaders called by the President had agreed to ask for f^i.OOO to defray the expenses of the President and his party, which was to include foreign diplomats and 20o or 800 members of Congress. Sum Seduced by Committee. The committee, upon being advised pf some criticism of this last provision, however, had reduced the appropriation $90,000, leaving It to the President to Invite wthom he would. Senator Martin said he understood the president proposed to irsvite former freaidents Roosevelt and Taft and h email committee from Congress to make the trip to San Francisco with blra. Senator Kenyon proposed an amendment providing that none of the money fce expended to pay the expenses of fnembers of Congress on the trip, but it was laid on the table by a vote of 33 to 10. LEFT TO REFERENDUM. Montana Senate Passes Bill on State-Wide Prohibition. HELENA. Mont., February 20.?The s?ate senate has passed the state-wide prohibition bill offered as a substitute to the senate bill providing for a cont-tltutional amendment. The substitute provides that the question be left to a referendum vote of the people in 1916 to ratify or reject the legislative enactpient. The senate amended the bill tc make prohibition effective December 31. 1918, the house bill making it effective December 31. 1919. The bill now goes to conference. FRANK JAMES' FUNERAL. Former Outlaw's Body Taken to St. Louis for Cremation. EXCELSIOR SPRINGS. Mo., Februarj JO.?Funeral services for Frank James the former outlaw, who died Thursday were held today on his farm, near here John F. Phillips, a former federal fudge, who defended James when h< iraB tried for murder and acquitted ir Gallatin, delivered the funeral address pallbearers were old-time friends o] the ex-bandit. After the services the body was taker to St. Louis, where it will be crernatec and the ashes returned to a safe deposii vault In this city, according to James * last wish. The one-time outlaw sale he did not wish his grave to be a mec; (a tor sightseers. VITAL ISSUES | OF LOCALCONCERN For the Impartial Judgment of an Unbiased Congressional Commission. BROWNE'S WILD GUESS AT D. C. REALTY VALUES Citv TTnvj Valued bv Asse?snr TTii?b er Than Detroit?Grossly Overrained by Browne at Twice as Hnch as Baltimore. NO. I. BY THEODOBE W. NOYES. Editorial Correspondence of The Star. The repeal of the half-agd-half law, without previous investigation by an unbiased commission, is urged on the ground that the pertinent and controlling facts are of record and have already received full consideration by Congress. and that a commission is therefore unnecessary. The essential facts are not of record. Statements made in good faith in the recent Senate discussion, echoing similar statements in the House, show conclusively that grossly misleading allegations are accepted in Congress as gospel truth to the vital injury of the capital community. 1. The allegation (without any assessment by the committee itself) of the so-called George report that in 1912 realty values for assessment in the District were $744,000,000, or $414,000,000 more than the actual assessment of that year, is found on the slightest examination to be grossly and preposterously false; and the inferences of underassessment and undertaxation derived from it are untrue, unjust and injurious in the extreme to the people of the capital. 2. The method of measuring the comparative tax burdens of cities, adopted by the enemies of Washington in the House and treated as sound by some senators, which accepts as accurate the census-reported relations of assessed to true value, and on this assumption declares that the Washingtonian's tax burden is about one-half that of the resident of the average American city, is based on a false premise and leads to a false conclusion. It is discredited as unreliable by the census authorities, and is reduced to a logical absurdity when the attempt is made to apply it practically. Yet these two untruths are put forward as truths, without vigorous challenge in House or Senate, and furnish today the strongest propulsive force to the movement for the repeal of the half-and-half law. An unbiased commission, from membership in which the congressional proponents of these challenged statements should in fair IIC^S UC UdllCU, tuuiu ICUUCl \diuable service, both to the nation and to the capital, by carefully considering the evidence on these issues and rendering an impartial decision. For at the root of the Johnson amendment and the other assaults, direct and indirect, upon the half-and-half law is the assertion that Washington has taxable values which if fairly assessed would provide without national participation the revenue necessary for capital maintenance and development. False Charge of Underassessment. The I'forgr taxation report off 1912 allege* that "real property in the Di*triet off < olumbia la aaaeaaed *414,000,OOO Itelon ita true value* the true value betas *744,000.000, while the assessment la only *?:i0,000,000.*' It la to be remembered that the . George committee did not pretend to > undertake to make an assessment for . itself, and that no local expert was allnu?d to aivA testimony before it that ! covered any section thoroughly. Tho statement, above quoted, is based solely upon the testimony and argument before the subcommittee of Witness H. J. Browne. Mr Browne's evidence is not direct expert appraisement of the value of Washington realty, but is the deduction of an ex-Journalist from what persons questioned by him have said concerning local values and from what r he has read and studied in the news, papers, or official reports, or record books of business men of Washington on that subject. Generalizing from the statements, sworn and unsworn, of I individuals in respect to particular ; cases in selected spots in the different , sections of the city, Mr. Browne developed an infallible formula for as certaintng true values In all parts of f Washington. For the large suburban areas he multiplied the actual assess, ment In every case by live; for the i business and line residence areas of t the northwest he multiplied the actual assessment in every case by three and I one-third; for middle-class house sites he multiplied in every case by two. tContlnued on Kightb Page.) EXPOSITION OPENED AT SANFRANCISCO City Awakened by Joyous Din of Whistles and Bells Lasting an Hour. INAUGURATION IS MARKED BY ARTILLERY SALUTES President Sends Electric Spark ? * ? ? *? _ 6 inrougn ait to upen uoon ox Exhibit Palaces. SAX FRANCISCO, February 20?The gates of the Panama-Pacific international exposition flew open to the world today. "This is the world in epitome," said Dr. Frederick J. V. Skiff, the director in chief, in a brief dedicatory address. "Within the inclosure of these exposition grounds there are no foreigners. All may stand and stop upon this soil as if it were their native land." Salvos of artillery salutes, shrieking whistles and sirens, pealing bells, rolling drums and piercing fifes had awakened the city at dawn. The day had been declared a legal holiday and nearly all the business houses and factories were closed to permit their em ployes to march in the gigantic parade which early took possession of the ground. In the great parade were Secretary Lane of the Department of the Interior, representing President Wilson; Gov. Johnson, the senate and assembly of California; the governor and entire legislature of Nevada, Mayor Rolph of San Francisco, Mayor Rose of Los Angeles, and the mayors of many other California cities. The formal aspect of the dedication was made as short and simple as possible. United States soldiers and marines escorted Secretary Lane, Gov. Johnson and the other officials to a stand facing the main entrance to the exposition, where they were welcomed by President Charles C. Moore and the other executive officers. At an early hour the skies were overcast. but the threat of showers did not diminish apparently the city's enthusiasm which broke forth at daybreak in a cacophony of sound the like of which had never before been heard in Con Wro nrl spa For an hour, beginning at 6:30 o'clock, steam whistles, automobile sirens, church bells, street car gongs and hubbub-making instruments of all kinds joined in a joyous din, awakening the city and sending its thousands toward the exposition. Citizens March to Grounds. The day's program called for citizens, clubs and various societies and organizations to assemble along Van Ness avenue to march to the fair grounds. The actual opening of the exposition gates was to be signalized by a series of artillery salutes from the army posts on San Francisco bay, and at noon (3 o'clock Washington, D. C., time) the program called for President Wilson to send an electric spark through the air from Washington to be received on the radio antennae swung on the exposition's tower of Jewels, and which was to cause the doors of the exhibit palaces to open and the machinery in machinery hall to start. Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of the Interior, representing President Wilson; Gov. Hiram W. Johnson and C. C. Moore, president of the exposition, were to be the principal speakers of the day. President vn iison was expected to forward a message of congratulation to the directors, to be read to the crowd. Forty-one foreign nations and fortythree states and three territories of the American Union are represented at the exposition. Original Plans Here Changed. President Wilson touched a button at 3 o'clock this afternoon giving an electric signal for the opening of the Panama-Pacific exposition, at San Francisco, at noon. Pacific coast time. The ceremony took place in the east room of the White House, and was witnessed by members of the cabinet and the California delegation in Congress. Assistant Secretary Itoosevelt of the Navy Department also was present, as the representative of the government exposition board. Arrangements had been made so that at the President's touch one signal was flashed by telegraph to San Francisco and another to the wireless station at Tuckerton, N. X, from where it was relayed to San Francisco by radio. It was first planned to send the wireless flash through the government station at Arlington, but that detail was changed. It was decided not to have the President talk by long-distance telephone tc Sari Francisco, as Secretary Lane is attending the opening of the exposition as his official representative. The Panama Canal. Hail, men of brain! Hail, inon of brawn! Your mighty deeds hare brought the dawn Of faith triumphant in our day, Completing our great waterway. That faith sublime was loug foretold. Fulfilling prophecy of old. That mountains from their base could be Removed and cast into the sea. Behold the ships that proudly sail Above the Jungles of the valeThrough canyons carved by human skill, With peaceful mls.-iou and good will. O ships, in golden sunset glow, Sail on while Uhagre*' waters flow; 1'roni coast to coast, from shore to shore, Sail on till time shall be no more. B. SAUXDKKS ROCKWELL. WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY The regular edition of The Star will be issued Monday at J o'clock and delivered at once throughout the city. Qassified Advertisements must be in The Star office by 10:30 aan. to insure insertion in Monday's Star. t f A THIRD NORWE< IS SUNK IN Two Steamers Belie Mines, While 1 Totdc m NAKSKOV, Denmark, via Lo Norwegian steamer Bjarka struck and sank. Her crew was saved, wegian vessels since the German b The Bjarka, laden with coal, Nakskov. She was a small vessel Nordkyn Sunk by Mine. LONDON, February 20.?The Norwegian steamer Nordkyn has been sunk through striking a mine near Bornholm Island, in the Baltic sea, according to a dispatch from Copenhagen to the Central News. All of the crew were drowned. There are two Norwegian vessels listed in marine records under the name of Nordkyn. It la believed that the Nordkyn sunk was the small ship of 268 tons, owned by Kolsen of Bergen. As the other Nordykn was reported as sailing from Genoa February 15 for New York it could not have been this ship which met disaster. Victim of a Submarine. The tank steamer Belridge, the first Norwegian vessel to meet with disaster in the war zone established by ' Germany after the German decree went into effect, was torpedoed yesterday by a submarine near Folkestone and was beached, badly damaged. An official statement issued by the admiralty says pieces of the torpedo have been found on the ship. Meet The Hague Requirements. CHRISTIANI, February 20, via London.?The conferences of representatives of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, held here from the 13th to the 15th of February, established the fact that all mines hitherto found in the Skagerack and in the northern part of the Kattegat satisfied conditions of the convention of The Hague, namely, being disarmed when disengaged from their anchors. The conference agreed upon mutual co-operation In the giving of speedy notification of the presence of mines and torpedoes in these waters and in searching for and discharging mines, etc. Official View in France. PARIS, February 20.?"The Kinking by Germany of merchant ships is simply an extension to the sea of her war 2,500 MEN LOSE JOBS. Steel Mills at Granite City, 111., Close for Indefinite Period. GRANITE CITY, 111., February 20.? The steel mills here will close today for an indefinite period. The order closing the plants will throw more than 2,500 men out of work. Several days ago a majority. of the members of the Amalgamated Association of Steel, Iron and Tin Workers in Granite City voted to accept a cut in wages rather than have the plants closed down. The reduction, however, was not approved by the national organization and the men were ordered to demand their regular wage. This the general manager of the company announced he was not able to pay and issued the closing order. Sunday Base Ball Bill Beaten. LITTLE BOCK, Ark., February 20.? The Arkansas house of representatives by a vote of 56 to 26 has defeated a bill which would have allowed Little Rock voters to decide whether base ball games should b. permitted bunday afternoons. jIAN vessel THE "WAR ZONE" ved to Have Struck the Third Was idoed. ndon, February 20, 1155 p.m.?The a mine at 8 o'clock this morning This is the third disaster to Nor1 .. .1 J .. * 1, 'lucivduc iuuk cacti. was on her way from Leith to of 286 tons gross. against non-combatants on land," said Victor Augagneur. the French minister of marine, to the Associated Press. "The French government has absolute confidence in the naval situation," continued M. Augagneur, "and is not intimidated by the German blockade. When the steamer Admiral Ganteaume, bearing woman and child refugees, was torpedoed and twenty lives were lost great indignation was felt throughout the civilized world, but we now regard the sinking of merchant vessels with a certain calm. Germany did not wait until February 18 to begin torpedoing." With regard to Germany's alleged reason for her announced sea blockade, M. Augagneur said: "Germany evidently felt the great efficiency of the allies' blockade of German ports, and the proclamation of I a counter blockade is the result. We expect merchant vessels to be sunk, j j Not, however, as many as Germany ex- : j pects. The torpedo is not an infallible ! I weapon, as is shown in the <;ase of the ! steamer Dinorah, which, alter she was torpedoed, was towed into port. Protective Measures Planned. "Measures for protection will be taken the nature of which T am not at liberty to disclose. Ultimately German submarines themselves will be sunk, perhaps even sooner than they expect. "The Germans cannot justly complain of the allies' blockade of Germany, as the right of an army to invest a town and starve it into surrender hitherto has-been recognized as legitimate. The present method, although largely exercised through pressure brought to bear on the civil population, shows no essential difference from the investment of a town. "Dealing with the right of merchant vessels of belligerent countries to fly neutral flags, M. Augagneur said: "This practice has always been recognized as a legitimate ruse of war and even has been resorted to by men of war provided they hoisted their true colors before entering Into action. The Germans have no cause for complaint on this score, as tliey used it themselves when the cruiser Emden entered the belligerent, port of Penang not only flying false colors, but disguised with a false smokestack." 1 ADMIRAL DEWA IN NEW YORK. Japanese Envoy to Visit West Point and Navy Yard. NEW YORK, February 20.?Admiral Baron Rhigeto Dewa, naval counselor to the Japanese emperor, who came to this country to represent the emperor at the opening of the Panama canal and of the Panama-Pacific exposition, has come to New York from Washington. Admiral Dewa expects to spend a week here. He will visit West Point and the New York navy yard. Thursday he will be the guest of the Japanese Society of New York. Reach London From Paris for IT. S. LONDON, February 20, 2 p.m.?Americans to the number of about 100, who were temporarily marooned in Paris as a result ot the cancellation of sailings between English channel ports because of the- German submarine blockade, arrived in London today. They immediately left for Liverpool to board the American liner New York, whose sailing was postponed at the request of Ambassador Page until the Americans could arrive. # i'r | A Washington's I f s 1 Birthday Number | IS "PRESERVING THE PERSONAL ? 5. APPEARANCE OP GEORGE ? 51 WASHINGTON" explains how ? SB portraits and marbles of the S ? Father of His Country have jg been handed down through the ? years. ? ~i! Resident-superintendent of Mount jj| J.' Vernon tells of the restoration - mid maintenance of that famous iS Sjj estate. ^ ? CHARLES H. PEPPER writes in about George Washington and *x Si his South American compeers. ?j| ^ A Washington woman has a rare ? ^ collection of relics of George f5 Vj and Martha Washington. 35 f? tf sg Our revolution, in which Washing- 3| ton played so vital a part, was 35 but a mere skirmish compared to the war now waging in Europe. g There are three churches in Vir- jjt S ginia with which George Wash- g j; ington was identified; they are ? ^ historic spots. fx. ^ Washington, D. Cis fortunate in #5 vi possessing rare paintings and ?| Si sculptures of the man after g Si whom it was named. 25 si ? ? 'THE WEDDING OF COL. S g GEORGE WASHINGTON AND 2: # MRS. MARTHA C EST IS." ? fj* The Father of His Country found ? the Continental army an inef- ? ficient one: indeed, his vivid g Si written record of the shortSf comings of his forces may be a ? S* surprise to many readers. ?x it* Hundreds of Russian and German S* women are fighting in the i? <5; trenehes, for they are no longer g Si willing to stop at home while tx Si their men folks give battle to the Si enemy. $? Vf ? ? .. r rcrt' rxr irxmr s< aATU'd TfMV he iff Ajl r rj u ti uu u.nu u < i .> ? Sf WARRIORK OF THE DEEP." g V* describes the life of officers and $ (.Tews in our submarines. g it? g JJ? STERLING HEILiG tells of the g wax fashion models, which jj? far is dressmakers are sending ^ to t/ir exposition at San Fran- j? c: risco. ? ? J* The New Spring Fashions Give Women a Wide Choice of ih Colors. Jit i? ? 32 The first installment of LOUIE ?5 S TRACY'S new serial, "FLOWER in. v? OF THE GO USE." offers ac?t? tion and thrills in the very first g Iff chapter. g it? g Vf <EMBARRASSING MOMENTS;' g ij? by JOHN KENDRICK BANGS, g yt is the thirteenth of the leaves g V? from a lecturer's notebook. ? THE MIRACLE," by MAUDE 5? RADFORD WARREN, is the Jg ^ story of the love affair of the richest man in the world. JJt "THE IDLE RICH." by EMMET ? fr. UAttin, us a rate iota oy ox. a cowboy, and one full of humor ? v# and unexpected things. *5 If | Tomorrow, in The i Sunday Star its S s? DAY IN CONGRESS. Senate. Met at 11 a.m. Work was resumed on the legislative appropriation bill and provisions for an agricultural census was eliminated. The committee investigating charges of a lobby against the ship bill resumed taking testimony. House. Met at 11 a.m. Debate was continued on the diplomatic appropriation bill. _ WILSON RECEIVES GERMANY'S REPLY Official Text Will Be Considered by President and His Advisers. TONE OF DOCUMENT REGARDED FRIENDLY Great Britain's Answer in Flag and Wilhelmina Cases Before State Department. Official texts of Germany's reply to the American note on the naval war zone, and Great Britain's replies to the American notes on the use of the American flag and the Wilhelmina case, all arrived today at the State Department. The German reply, delivered by the Berlin foreign office three days ago to Ambassador Gerard, had been delayed in transmission. It was at once con| verted from the diplomatic code and I sent to the White House to be laid be: fore the President, who, however, had already been informed of its contents I by Mr. Gerard and the unofficial text published two days ago. Will Consider Beply. With the official text at hand, liowI ever, the President and his advisers | will begin formal consideration of Ger*many's reply to the warning of the | United States against destruction of American ships or lives in the naval war zone about the British Isles. GenI erally, the tone of the German note has been regarded as friendly. | Great Britain's reply to the representations on the use of the American flag bears upon the American view of the German reply and the next step in the negotiations with Berlin, for in expecting Germany to identify American ships before attacking them by submarines the United States is anxious there shall be no general use of the American flag by foreign vessels. The State Department is willing to let the Wilhelmina case be adjudicated by a prize court and thus lay the legal foundation for other proceedings of a like character. Says Germany Is Not to Blame. Count Bernstorff. the German ambassador. conferred at the State Department with Secretary Bryan and Counselor Lansing. Although neither the ambassador nor the American officials Indicated the exact subject of their talk, the ambassador said he desired to emphasize the view of his government that Germany was not to blame for the present situation around the British Isles, causing difficulty to neutral shipping. He reiterated his contention that Great Britain was responsible, It was said the ambassador presented no new communications. Next Step Up to United States. The comparatively prompt replies of the London and Berlin foreign offices again places upon the State Department responsibility for the next step in the negotiations. The impression prevails in many quarters that the British reply regarding use of the American flag will be regarded as completely responsive. The opinion is based upon the fact that the American note dealt with general use of the flag by British merchantmen, and the British reply explicitly states that the admiralty had not advised any general use of the flag and had not suggested its use by the Lusitania. Wilhelmina Situation. The British reply on the Wilhelmina case probably will stop further exchanges until a prize court has acted. The American note was based upon th? right of a neutarl to ship food to the civil population of a belligerent. The British reply does not deny that, but by making the point that all German males are practically part of the German army, has complexed the issues and promises protracted negotiations No official would today predict the nature of the rejoinder the American government might make to the German reply on the war zone. Possible Reply to Germany. Some expect the State Department will content itself with the warning in the original note to Germany giving "notice she will be held responsible for injury to an American ship or American lives. Others, however, believe the Berlin government will be informed that the United States must insist that vessels under its flag- must be identified, and boarded and searched if need be, before any attempt is made to destroy them. SAY UlTpING FOE Germany and Austria Complain to State Department That Submarines Are Built Here. Germany and Austria, through their ambassadors here, complained to the State Department today that submarines were being built in the i'jiir.cit States for Great Britain and shipped in parts to Canada. In a statement on the subject the German embassy said: "The plants of - Bethlehem and the Union iron works at San Francisco are, according to reliable information, sending the component parts of submarines, ordered by .the British government, to Canada. Submarines for England are also being built at Boston and Seattle. "The attention of the United States Department of State has been drawn to these facts by the German and AustroHungarian embassies as being in contradiction with the laws of neutrality." Some time ago the German embassy filed complaint with the State Department against the manufacture of submarines in the United States which i* was said were intended for Great Britain. The matter was taken up by the State Department with the company which had the contract, and after conferences here between Secretary Bryan and Charles M. Schwab, president of the Bethlehem Steel Company, I it was announced that the American j builders had withdrawn from their contracts. British Bark Is Floated. FIHE ISLAND. N. Y.. February 20.? The British bark Bougomonnt, which went aground here February 6. during a dense fog, was floated last night after discharging a third of her cargo of | chalk and will be towed to Nov York. BIG RUSSIAN GUNS BEGIN NEW AHACK AGAINSTPRZEMYSI! Austrians Reported Driven Back Along the Krosno-JasloGorlice Line. iUMDPiui 111v nr nniror IVHnOHTV IflH I DC UDJLli I OF PRESENT GERMAN MOVE Critics Declare World's Strongest Fortress Blocks Path of Gen. Von Hindenborg. LINE UP FOE NEW BATTLE Decisive Engagement Expected to Be Fought on Banks of Biver Pruth. in Crownland of Bukowtna. GENEVA, via Paris, lebruarv 20.?A dispatch from Cracowsays the Russians have begun to bombard Przemysl with newheavy 'artillery, and that they . have driven the Austrians back along the line Krosno-Jaslo-Gor lice. ! The Austnans are reported to have suffered heavy losses in the past three days at Wyszkow, near Dukla Pass. Trying to Flank Warsaw. LONDON, February 26.?German movements on the northern extremity of the western battlefront hold first place in the military situation, particularly so as Petrograd believes that Field Marshal von Hindenburg is trying to flank Warsaw from the north, a task which the Russians think is rather daring and fraught with great risk* unless the German commander's forces are overwhelming. The first rush of the Germans over the East Prussian frontier seems to have spent itself. The Germans now are reported to be locked with Russian 1 reinforcements at many points* from luc nvci uciuw ivwyuu uvf tt |> \ the right bank of the Lower Vistula. I and military experts in London say it is difficult to visualize this position. [ Decisive Battle Near. The campaign in the Austrian crown land of Bukowina continues with pros( pects of developing into a decisive battle on the banks of the River I'ruth. In Galicia the repeated violent Aua> trian attacks against the Russian positions in the Carpathian passes have been costly to both sides, but they have left the alignment little changed. In the west the Germans are hammer; ing away in an eftdeavor to recover lost l ground, and are reported to be keeping ' the British troops especially busy to the southeast of Ypres, in Belgium and else; where along their comparatively extended [ front, but, according to French and British claims .without making appreciable gains. L Difficult Road to Warsaw. The Times Petrograd correspondent says that if. as believed in the Rus; sian capital. Field Marshal von Hinden . burg is trying to reach Warsaw by an advance on the north bank of the Visi tula he caji hardly succeed unless he has enormous forces at his disposal. ' The route, the correspondent asserts. J "is protected by the Russian fortress of Nowo Georgievsk, reputed to he tlir strongest in the world, while further north the Germans must deal with Ossowetz, which stayed their advance from East Prussia. ' j "Military circles consider that the withdrawal of the Russians from 1 I Bukowina was dictated by necessity. j as when the ice melted in the river the , i Russians would have been cut off from , i the opposite hank of the Pruth and ' faced by superior forces of the enemy, j "It is reported from- Warsaw that i Sochaczew. thirty miles west of that city, has been almost deserted by its inhabitants. Those remaining are cut off from the outside world. They have been for forty days between the German and Russian Are and dare not ' leave the town. They are compelled to live in the cellars. There 1s no food in the town and the people are suffering severely." Pursuit of the Russians. BERLIN, via London. February 20.? Explaining the situation in the ea*t. Maj. Moraht, military expert of the ! Tageblatt, points out that reports from .r/in. rul dnii- i rtprs slmu' tlif nnmnil ' of the Russians is proceeding in throe : directions. ; The northernmost has resulted in the ' capture of Taurogen, but not without ! fighting along the line from Tilsit to j Taurogen. The Russians, nowever, ! soon were forced to retreat again, Maj. ! Moraiit says, and it appears that no i reiniorceinents have been sent them from Kovno. He continues: "There also has been fighting northwest of Grodno, probably against the fortress garrison sent ahead against the Germans. The situation is just as l'avor able in the district of the Narew river, i near Loinza. where th** Germans are I still contending with apparently fresh | Russian troops from the fortress at Lomza. "This whole movement is the result of the Mazurian lake victory. It was well prepared and splendidly carried out to cover the right flank of the fortified line north of Tarsam." Maj. Moraht declares the western situation shows daily the hopelessness of the allies' offensive, and adds: "Our procedure there stands in a certain degree under the pressure of general conditions. We must, like Gen. Lee, abandon for the time our bold warfare and restrain ourselves to a steady holding on." Former Hnstian Minister Dead. PETROGRAD, February 19. via Loudon, February 20.?Admiral Birtleff. former Russian minister of marine, died here today. He was born Max oh It XSM. f