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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 22, 1915, Image 1

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No. 19,871. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1915-SIXTEEN PAGES. * ?>NE CENT.
EVELYN DISASTER !
IS TO BE PROBED
BYNAVALATTACHE
Secretary Daniels Orders Inquiry
to Supplement That by
Ambassador Gerard.
j
PURPOSE IS TO OBTAIN
DATA THAT IS TECHNICAL
Would Determine Whether Mine or |
Submarine Caused Sinking of
United States Vessel.
TAR FROM THE "WAR ZONE"
^Circumstances Lead Officials Here to
Believe Germans Did Not Intentionally
Destroy Cotton
Ship.
Secretary Daniels todav ordered '
Commander Walter R. Gherardi, i
American naval attache at Berlin, i
to investigate and make a full re- J
port on the destruction of the 1
American steamer Evelyn, which >
was sunk by a mine off Borkum
Island in the Xorth sea, Saturday. ;
So far official advices merely 1
have reported the sinking of the *
\ essel and her cargo, but gave no a
details.
Wants Technical Details. ^
Secretary Daniels explained that his \
purpose in directing this inquiry to j
('or-Tiande^ Gherardi. after the State
Department had called upon the am- j
bassadors at London and Berlin, for j
report upon the sinking of the Evelyn, c
was to obtain technical information ^
which, perhaps, might not be included ^
in the ambassadors' reports. It was ^
of co .rse understood that Commander
Gherardi, s attache a. the American
embassy at Berlin, would be guided
entii&ly by Ambas dor Gerard's ^
wish-s in making his investigation.
It is said at the Navy Department l
*#hat from present indications it will be e
difficult for the naval officer to obtain J
{Information regarding the sinking of e
the Evelyn. Unless Capt. Smith or t
4-ome of the members of the crew of ?
?he steamship actually saw the con>a?ing
tower or periscope of a subma- g
valine it would not be possible to deny tl
Lk.. ??? ?* "
me tveiyn was sunk by contact
?*rith a mine. c
The only possibility of clearing up f
hat point would be, perhaps, a dis- I
<*overy within the hull of the ship, or e
alongside on the bottom of some frag- x
lr.ents of the warhead of a torpedo, t
??uch as is used in the submarine. 1
Difficult to Examine Hall. f
Pieces of the container of the high ^
explosive frequently are driven into t
the ship by the explosion. e
But the fact that the Evelyn lies at n
the bottom of the North sea would g
make it difficult even to examine her F
hull unless she is well within soundings L
and consequently can be reached by a F
diver. t>
Commander Gherardi. even if he felt r
disposed to do so. probably would not
be allowed to employ a diver without ?
the consent of the German military >'
authorities, but it is suggested that the
German authorities, after all, might n
easily settle a doubt as to the cause of *
the explosion by disclosing to the 1
\merican naval officer, confidentially, v
the map of their mine fields in the *
vicinity where the Evelyn was sunk. "
The minister from the Netherlands "
?ailed at the State Department today t
to inquire as to what reports this gov- v
ernment had received about the Evelyn. e
He said he had no official report of the
destruction of the vessel After con- "t
ferring with Counselor Lansing, he ex- ^
pressed the opinion that the sinking ^
apparently must have Ween entirely
accidental.
P
Critical Turn of Affairs.
&
Sinking of the American steamer s
.r.veiyn orr me ijerman coast Saturday, >
presumably by a mine, although the
crew was saved, brought vividly be- ^
fore official Washington today the dan- s
jrcrs to which American vessels are ex- F
posed in the waters adjacent fep the e
belligerent coasts of Europe. s
The prevailing opinion in adminis- h
tration circles' today was that the h
tL'nlted States government would stand n
flrmly on its warnings to Great Brit- i;
min and Germany, respectively, con- o
cerning tne misuse of neutral flags and n
possible attacks on American vessels p
or lives by submarines. This policy k
was regarded as significant of a possible
critical turn of affairs should any
violations of the warning ensue.
The America*! note to Germany
warning that country against attacks t
on American vessels in the sea zones
of war applied only to submarines.
Since the outbreak of the war the
North sea has been mined by both Germany
and Great Britain, and an added o
warning was given to neutral com- h
i..**rce by the German reply to the c
American note last week in announcing '
.that mines would be strewn in the wa- 3
t ?-rs surrounding Great Britain and 3
Ireland and in the Knglish channel. *
v
Manner of Sinking Sought. r
Hitherto, in the notification of areas
mined, pilotn hav been offered for
neutral vessels. Whether or not the
Kvelyn had an opportunity to obtain a
pilot or whether she struck a mine S
v ith a pilot aboard were questions on
which official!* expected to receive definite
information today or tomorrow
from Ambasadors Page at London and ^
Gerard at Berlin, to t>oth of whom the
iState Department had dire ted in.quiries.
t
The only message before the depar^- t
ment today was from American Consul 1
Fee at Breman, who reported that the e
Kvelyn had been "blown up," but did '
not give the cause. His cablegram c
stated that the ship and cargo had a
been lost, but that the crew were safe.
Officials believed the crew had beep ^
landed in Germany as Borkum is near
the German coast. ^
Right to Sow Mines. a
i
ft was said by officials that it is unlikely c
that there will be any diplomatic I
action resulting from the loss of the
Kvelyn, beyond claims for damages, in- <
<Continued on Second Page.) ?.
NAMES MEMBERS
TRADECMISSION
Wilson Sends Nominations to
Federal Board to the
Senate Today.
PROGRESSIVE REPUBLICAN I
AND BULL MOOSE ON LIST
Three Democrats Constitute Major- .
ity?Davies, Hurley, Harris, Parry
and Bublee Chosen.
President Wilson this afternoon sent
to the Senate the nominations of the >
five members of the federal trade com- 1
mission, the selections which he has i
been seriously considering for nearly 1
three months. 1
Those nominated are: 4
Joseph E. Davies of Wisconsin, now 1
commissioner of corporations. J
Edward N. Hurley of Illinois, presi- 1
dent of the Illinois Manufacturing Association.
\
William J. Harris of Georgia, director
of the census since July, 1913. ]
William H. Parry of Seattle, Wash., ;
editor of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer i
ind treasurer of the chamber of comnerce
of that city. <
George Rublee of Cornish, N. H., j
formerly a practicing lawyer and a \
nember of the special committee on j
:rust legislation of the United States \
Chamber of Commerce.
The only change from the predicted ]
lominations is that of Mr. Rublee. It A
las been thought that the President ]
vould nominate George L. Record of i
S'ew Jersey. It is understood Mr. Rec- t
>rd is being considered for another (
jlace.
Messrs. Davies, Hurley and Harris
ire democrats, while Mr. Parry is a
>rogressive republican and Mr. Rublee
i progressive or bull moose. I
Men on the Board.
o
Joseph Edward Davies of Madison, s
Vis., was born at Watertown, Wis., No- g
"ember, 1876. He received the degrees of t
i. jcs. ana a. from the University of c
Wisconsin in 1898 and 1901, respectively. r
le was admitted to the bar in 1901. j\
elected prosecuting attorney Jefferson c
ounty, W1&, 1902. He is a contributor
o various law journals, and was actively I
ngaged in the practice of law until May, *
.913, when the President appointed him c
ommissioner of corporations. Since his
ippointment as commissioner of eorpo- J
ations he has severed his business and a
political connections.
Edward Nash Hurley of Illinois was
torn at Galesburg, 111., July, 1864, and r
ducated in the public schools. He was
n engineer on the C. B. and Q. rail- t
oad up to 1888, when he became trav- *
ling salesman and later manager for h
he United States Metallic Packing
Company. He originated and developed J
he pneumatic tool industry in the tl
'nited States and Europe, and was oranizer
and president and treasurer of
he Standard Pneumatic Tool Company
f Chicago.
He then sold out his interests in that ompany,
and for six years engaged in
arming and stock raising at Wheaton, ?
11. In November, 1913, he was appoint- P
d by the Secretary of Commerce as o
Tnited States trade commissioner to p
he Latin American republics. Mr. Hurey
is president of the Illinois Manuacturers*
Association.
"William Julius Harris of Georgia wps
orn at Cedartown, Ga., In February, 1868. o:
le received the degree of A. B. from
he University of Georgia in 1890. He n
ngaged in the general insurance busi- j
ess, commencing in 1890. and was or- |
aniKci emu president or trie Georgia u
'ire Insurance Company of Atlanta in "
907 and organizer and president of the k
'arraers and Merchants' Bank, Cedar- w
own, Ga., in 1907. He has been di- _.
ector of the census since July, 1913. w
William H. Parry, treasurer chamber
f commerce, Seattle, Wash., is fifty k
ears of age. He was educated at Cournbia
University, and then engaged in a
ewspaper work, becoming editor of ?
he Seattle Post-Intelligencer. He is
he manager of the shipbuilding plant
,-hich buttt the battleship Nebraska. ei
le was chairman of the finance comlittee
which financed the Alaska-Yu- ^
on exposition, and was treasurer of P
he city of Seattle. He has had a wide, P
aried and successful business experinee.
George Rublee was born July 7, 1868, ti
,t Madison, Wis. He was educated at s<
Iroton School. Groton, Mass.; Harvard
College, class 1890; Harvard Law C
ichool, class 1895, and was an instruc- C
or at Harvard Law School, 1896-97. He C
racticed law in Chicago in 1897-98, C
eing a member of the firm of Rublee cs
c Burling. From 1898 to 1905 he as- ft
ociated in the practice of law with h
"ictor Morawetz in New York. o:
In 1905 he became a resident of Cor- tl
ish. N. H.. w here he has had his resience
since that time. In 1905-06 he h
tudied history and government in a
'aris, France, at Ecole Libre des Sci- b
nces Politique. From 1910 to 1913 he
.as a member of the law firm of d
pooner & Cotton, Nfew York. In 1913 ii
e retired from practice, and since then w
as given his attention mainly to eco- p
omic questions. C
During the last year he has been and c
s a member of the special Committee t?
f the United States Chamber of Com- tl
lerce on trust legislation. At the
resent time he is counsel for the Alasa
engineering commission. t<
? b
JAMES C. GREEN DIES.
'or Many Years Engaged in Hotel [.!
Business Here. *
James C. Green, seventy-eight years s1
Id, for many years engaged in the u
ot?'l business in Washington, died 0
aturday night at his home, on Newton a
treet, Mount Rainier. Md. Funeral a<
ervioes were held at the residence P
his morning at 9 o'clock, following
irhtch the body was taken to Fredrick.
Md.. for interment. His wife and
wo children survive him.
DANIELS ISSUES DENIAL. v
O
ays Capt. Hughes Did Not Report k
U. S. Might Expect War. J'
secretary Daniels today categorically I
lenied the published report that Capt. I ^
'harles P. Hutches of the navy general 1
oard had submitted a report to that
ody predicting that at the close of the ?
European war the United States might P
xpect a war with either Great Britain
r Germany, with the West Indies as ?
. base of operations.
Mr. Daniels, in an official statement ^
liscussing published reports, said: i<
"Admiral Dewey called me by tele- h
hone this morning and directed my 8
ittention to the article, and said it was ?
itterly false. Later, *Capt. Hughes u
ailed on me and said he had never
repared such a paper, made no such ^
ominents; in fact, no comments what- ,
iver as to any possible trouble this ^
ountry might have with any other ?
;ouritry following the present war.** ~
URGES AMERICANS
TO UNITEIN CRISIS
President Parris of S. of R. Enthuses
Washington Birthday
Celebraters.
WILSON SITS AT RIGHT
OF PRESIDING OFFICER
Ambassador Jusserand Occupies Seal
at Left of Mrs. Story of D .A .R.,
the Chairman.
Beneath the folds of the Stars antl
Stripes and in the presence of the President
of the United States, scores oi
representatives of the legislative, executive
and judicial branches of the government
and members of' the diplomatic
-orps, a distinguished gathering of
Washington residents observed the 183d
anniversary of the birth of George
Washington.
The ceremonies, held in Memorial
Continental Hall, were under the joint
auspices of the Daughters of the
American Revolution, the Sons of the
Revolution in the District of Columbia,
ind the District of Columbia Society
Sons of the American Revolution.
Mrs. William Gumming Story, presilent-general
of the Daughters of the
American Revolution, presided, the
:hree patriotic organizations being ofIcially
represented by Mrs. Frank Foster
Greenawall. state regeijt of the
District of Columbia, Societyof the
Daughters of the American Revolution;
Albion K. Parris, president. Sons of the
Revolution in the District of ColumDia,
and Col. Frederick C. Bryan, presilent.
District of Columbia Society, Song
>f the American Revolution.
Marine Band Concert.
Following a concert of half an hour
?y the Marine Band. Lieut. W. H. Sanelmann.
director, Mrs. Story called to
rder the audience, which filled every
eat in the auditorium. With Mrs.
itorv on the stage were members of
he three organizations joining in the
eremonies, with other distinguished
esidents of the District of Columbia,
embassador and Mme. Jusserand ocupied
chairs at the left of Mrs. Story.
The invocation by Rev. Dr. Randolph
I. McKim, rector of the Church of the
Spiphany, was followed by the presenation
of the colors by Frederick D.
)wen.
As the flag was borne to the platorm
and clipped to the four points of
he compass, r bugle sounded outside,
.nd President Wilson, accompained by
lis military aides, entered, the Presient
taking the chair at Mrs. Story's
ight.
Mrs. Story in a few words welcomed
he audience'gathered to participate in
he exercises in honor of the father of
is country, her remarks being followd
by the reading of Washington's
arewell address by Barry Bulkley of
le Sons of the ReVolution.
Urges American Unity.
A. K. Parris, president of the same
rganization, in a brier extemporaneus
address. elicited an outburst of aplause
when he asked that differences
f opinion be laid aside and that the
eople of the United States stand
houlder to shoulder in the present naional
crisis.
"We have our differences of opinion
n trivial matters," he said.
"We would not be human if it were
ot so. But today, in the presence of
lis gathering of American men aftd
omen, let us bury these trifles?let
s all be Americans, Yankees from the
orth, Yankees from the south, Yanees
from the east, Yankees from the
est?Yankees all of us."
Senator Charles E. Townsend of
[ichigan made the first formal address.
In his remarks Senator Townsend
lid stress on Washington's faculty
pr harmoning opposing elements
nd for bringing organized effort
ut of disorganized, unrelated and
poradic endeavor. Drawing analogy
etween the conditions which confrontd
Washington and those with which
fie President and Congress are conronted,
he pleaded for calm and disassioned
consideration of the mighty
roblems with which the nation is
iced, and for tfce exercise of matured
jdgment in the solution of these quesions,
upon which the nation's peace
o largely depends.
In introducing Rev. John Brittan
lark, pas-tor of the First Presbyterian
hurch of Washington, Col. Frederick
. Bryan, president of the District of
olumbia Society. Sons of the Amerim
Revolution, called attention to the
ict that today's ceremonies were the
r9t ever held under the Joint auspices
f the three patriotic societies having
lorn in charge, and expressed the hope
lat today's meeting mght be only the
rst of an uninterrupted series of such
nnual celebrations of Washington's
irthday.
Mr. Clark, speaking without notes,
elivered a lengthy eulogy of Washngton,
in which he drew attention to
;hat he said were the little understood
hases of Washington's character.
aimness, souna judgment, aispassioned
onsideration, he siild, were Washingon's
dominant characteristics, rather
han impetuosity and impulsiveness.
"On that occasion in 1783," he said,
when a member of Washington's miiiirv
household, a trusted officer and a
eloved friend, suggested the outlines
f a plan for the dissolution of the
ourig republic and the formation of a
lonarchy with Washington as king, j
tere was no wrath mingled with the j
tlmncsH of spirit with which the sugestiin
was rejected. Without even a !
loment's consideration, albeit with a |
:ernness not to be mistaken or mis- j
nderstood, Washington put aside the
iggestion. In all history there is but
ne parallel to this act of abnegation,
nd that was when nearly 2,000 years
go the hands that soon were to be I
lerced with nails put away a golden 1
rown and took in its place a crown of
lorns."
President Presents Medal.
Walter S. Smoot, a student of Central
ligh School, winner of the gold medal I
ffered by the Sons of the Revolution j
jr the best essay on "The Course of
vents fhat Led to the Surrender of '
brktown," was introduced by Gaillard I
funt chairman of the cnmmi(t?D nn I
wards. With a fine stage presence and
1 a voice that carried to every corner
f the auditorium young Mr. Smoot read
fie prize-winning essay. At the conclu[on
of the reading President Wilson
resented the medal*.
"It gives me great pleasure, Mr.
moot," said the President, "to hand you
tiis medal.
"It gives me pleasure to see with
rhat careful attention you have studid
the great campaign of which you
ave written, and 1 hope that such
tudy will enable you and other lads
f your age some of these days to set
s all the example we need to be set."
The singing of "America," in which
he audience was led by the Marine
land, and the benediction by Rev.
feorge H. McGrew. chaplain of the
Ustrlct of Columbia Society Bone of
(Continued on 8econd Page.;
*
"N
HEARS GERMANYL W
SO POPE BENEL
NEW MOVE
?
North German Gazette, in ai
Promises That Peopl
Opportunity to
ROME, February 22.?Reports received
by the secretary of state of
the Vatican, says the Giornale
D'ltalia, show that Germany, although
maintaining an excellent
military position, feels seriously the
consequences of the war. and therefore
has modified materially her
views on peace conditions to be "imposed."
The paper adds:
"The pontiff considers such a condition
of affairs lends itself favorably
to diplomatic steps. lie is reported
again to have interpolated
Emperor William to know on what
conditions Germany would be disposed
to negotiate peace, observing
that, in any case, the military honor
of Germany is safe."
People to Discuss Terms.
AMSTERDAM, February 21, via
Eondon, February 22.?The Xorfl|
German Gazette, in an officially in-^?
spired article, promises the German
.... i
people that they shall have ample
opportunity for a full discussion and
FRENCH CLAIM TO
IMPORTANT ADVAl
LONDON. February 22.?The French .
claim officially not only to have repulsed
German counter attacks in the
Champagne region, but to have captured
an entire section of German
trenches to the north and east of the
woods taken the day before.
At the eastern end of the western
front the Germans have moved forward
on the Alsatian flank of the Vosges
mountains in the region to the west of
Kolmar.
! PARIS, via London, February 22.?
I The war office announces that part of I
- ^ ENGLISH
VILLAGES
BY SUPPOSEL
LONDON, February 22.?A Braintreer
dispatch to the Press Association says
about 8:30 o'clock last night a hostile
aeroplane dropped missiles, supposed
to be incendiary bombs, on the fields
close to Braintree, but they did no
damage. At 8:40 o'clock an aeroplane
I passed over Colchester, /Which lies
I about fifty miles northeast of London.
| It dropped a bomb, which buried itself
in a garden, where it exploded, doing
damage to the rear of a house and
| smashing the windows of other houses.
I No one was hurt.
j The aeroplane, said to be a German,
also dropped bombs at Marks Tey, six
i and a half miles west of Colchester,
i and near Coggeshall, but no serious
damage resulted. The machine was
last reported as making off to sea. |
No reports have been received from j
any other places than those mentioned i
AUSTRIANS REPORT
ON TWO IT ALL
BARI, Italy, via Rome, February 22.?
The fishing boat Gesu arrived yester- day
from Antivari, Montenegro, and the
members of her crew said that the
c??>? th ?? flaKini/ hna) Sotnmn 1
when flying: Italian flags, had been
flred upon by two Austrian torpedo :
boats. This report has caused great ]
popular excitement in Rome.
Members of the crew of the Gesu said
that the vessel vat anchored near i
0
zMKMBEM
O ENTANGLING ALU AN'
'ANTS PEACE,
)ICT LAUNCHES
TO END THE WA1
n Officially Inspired Articlt
e Shall Be Given an
Discuss Terms.
consideration of peace terms before
peace is finally decided.
"However," says the newspaper,
"the time is not ripe for such a dis-.
cussion. The war has now only one
aim?a victory, so that no one in
the future can disturb our peace. A
discussion of peace terms is possible
without introducing party differences.
When the proper time
comes our leaders will without delay
announce their peace plans.
Then the subject will be open for
(Jermany's free people to consider."
Want a Lasting- Peace.
i iic aucianDi luuenuiieii xrost says:
"The wish of the German people
for a speedy peace is accompanied
by a firm resolve to fight until the
enemy also is desirous of peace. The
German people do not want the situation
re-established under which
the German-speaking people will be
subject to French rule. Such a
peace plan would not give that permanent
peace which is most required
by the peoples of Europe."
HAVE MADE
VC?5 IN THE WES1
the trenches near Ypres, which th
Germans captured recently, had beei
retaken and that German attack
elsewhere had been repulsed.
ft is stated that the Germans lef
several hundred men on the fielc
French losses were slight.
' In Champagne our gains were main
tained," says the statement. "Tw
counter attacks by the enemy towari
night Saturday failed.
"In the Vosges we repulsed three at
tacks, one on the northern bank o
I^a Fecht and two on the southeri
bank. The fighting continues."
BOMBARDED
) GERMAN AIRSHIP
concerning the visit by enemy aircraft
Bombs dropped by the aeroplane tor.
holes in the ground several feet ii
diameter. The occupants of a hous.
at Colchester had a narrow escap.
from injury. Q. M. Sergt. Rab
jonn ot tne hussars, who occupies
a house on the Butts road, said h?
was sitting with his wife at dinne
when a loud explosion was heard an<
shrapnel bullets flew into the sittinj
room, striking pictures and furniture
Neither Rabjohn nor his wife was hit
They rushed upstairs, where their bab:
was sleeping, and found the child ii
its crib uninjured, although a part o
the bedroom ceiling had fallen as a re
suit of the concussion. The content*
of the kitchen in the Kabjobn hous<
were wrecked and the outbuilding:
smashed. The windows in adjoining
houses were broken.
The bomb dropped in Braintree was
conical in shape and almost a yarc
long.
ED AS FIRING
AN FISHING BOATS
Antivari. with the Saturno, when the
Austrian torpedo boats approached
The captains of the fishing vesseli
ordered their crews to land, and at the
same time hoisted Italian flags.
The Austrlans, according to this report,
fired on the crews and then or
vcooeio, wnue Austrian aeroplane!
dropped bombs.
No one on either vessel was Injured,
but the Saturno was damaged so badlj
that she was unable to sail for home
' \
CES."
SHOOTS REVOLVER
' AT UNSEEN ENEMY
?,
Robert L. McArdle Endangers
Lives of -Occupants of Iroquois
Apartment.
Lives of several occupants of apart?
ments at the Iroquois, 1410 M street
northwest, were endangered early this
morning by Robert L. McArdle, occupant
of a room on the second floor.
Fearing imaginary enemies, it is said,
McArdle fired seven shots from an automatic
revolver through the ceiling of
his room, the bullets passing through
mortar and wood and dropping on the
floor of the apartment occupied by
Mrs. Samuel B. Parris and Miss Klsie
Parris. her daughter.
Unable to determine if his shooting
j had been effective, McArdle went to the
i hallwav r?Tl ?1 nnoi- flnni- ?in/T firo/T
two shots through the bathroom door
of Mrs. Parris* apartment. He then
turned his attention toward the apartment
of George \V. Shipman and sent
two bullets through his door.
Other Occupants Alarmed.
Reports of the pistol shots, following
numerous complaints made by McArdle,
alarmed occupants of apartments near
the room he occupied, and they were
afraid to make an effort to apprehend
him. The janitor heard the noise and
thought it was in the alley, until one
of the tenants told him who had done
tiie shooting.
Policemen Stott and Loftus went to
the apartment house in response to a
complaint, reaching there shortly after
1 o'clock and finding McArdle in peacee
able possession of his room. He sur1
rendered his weapon and went to the
s police station without giving the policemen
the slightest bit of trouble. A
t charge of insanity was preferred
I. against him and he was sent to Washington
Asylum Hospital for observa
tion as to his mental condition.
0 Persons residing at the Iroquois were
rt unable to tell the police much about
McArdle. He had been an occupant of
the room for about three weeks, havf
ing previously roomed at 1345 Euclid
1 street. The first day he occupied the
room, it is stated, he complained of annoyance.
Suffers From Hallucinations.
McArdle, the police were told, imag)
ined that persons residing in the apartment
directly over his had been lowcring
electric lamps through the floor
e in an effort to get rid of him. He also
1 imagined that mines had been placed
e under the flooring of his room, and
- this morning he complained that autoi
mobiles were in his room for the pure
pose of taking him away.
r It was because of the presence of the*
1 automobile in his room, he said, that he
? decided to put a stop to his annoyances.
McArdle told acquaintances that he
was married, but was separated from
v his wife. He was a real estate agent,
I he stated, and had come to this city to
1 open a real estate office. 'The police
" are endeavoring to ascertain the where?
abouts of his relatives.
f HIEE-A-MAN CAMPAIGN STARTS
?
> Philadelphia Officials Hope to Believe
Unemployed Situation.
PHILADELPHIA. February 22.?Under
the direction of the department of
, public works a "hire-a-man" campaign
for the relief of the unemployed was
inaugurated here today. The depart5
ment expects to secure the co-operation
of churches, clubs and other organiza
tions, as well as individuals, and re5
quests that repair work and other odd
Jobs, "which would be done anyhow
. two months hence," be done at once,
i In this way, a statement issued by
i the department says, hundreds of men
who are out of work would be given
, employment. It is also planned to get
r municipal contracts under way at the
. earliest, possible date.
INDIANS AND POSSE
BATTLE ALL NIGHT
Assistance Being Sent to Band
of Twenty-Six Whites Led
by U. S. Marshal.
FIGHT IUFAR Rt IIFF UTAH
BRINGS DEATH TO THREE
Trouble Results From Effort to Capture
Tse-Ne-Gat, Fugitive on
Murder Charge.
DENVER, Col.. February 22.? After a
battle throughout the night near Bluff.
Utah, between a band of fifty-two Piute
Indians and a posse of twenty-six white
men, led by United States Marshal Aquila
Xebeker, bands of citizens- from various
towns in Utah are preparing to go to
the assistance of the whites. The Indians
also have been reinforced. Two Indians
and one white man have been killed,
two Indians and a white man wounded
and two Indians captured. One of these j
killed was an Indian maiden who was j
said to have run into the line of battle, i
The fight started early Sunday morning,
when the whites, after several days'
journey by wagon from Cortez, Col., arrived
at the camp of Tse-Xe-Gat, a Piute
Indian leader, whose arrest on a charge j
of murder was sought.
From Grayson, Utah, the following re- ?
port of the battle was received last night j
fram Marshal Xebeker:
Hoped to Surprise Indians.
"A posse of twenty-six men, led by
i the sheriff of Dolores county, Colo.; ex!
Sheriff Jingles of Montezuma county.
Col., and Sheriff Peperson of San Juan
county, Utah, left here last night to
surprise and capture the Indians. At !
break of day this morning the posse j
surrounded the camp in which the In- !
dians wanted were located. The In- j
dians seemed to be expecting the arrival
of the posse, and opened fire. J. C. ;
Akin of Dolores, Col., was killed in the
beginning of the light. An Indian
j called Jack's Brother was killed and
an Indian girl who ran between the
posse and tlie Indians was killed. The j
posse captured Indians named Howen
and Jack. Both Indians are choice
. warriors, and it is expected other In
dians will try to recapture them.
"A band of Indians known as Posey's
band came to the relief of Polk's band
from the south. Posey's band wounded
Joseph E. Cordova of Cortez, one of
our men, who was placed to guard the
southern approach. A posse of tifteen.
all this town could arm, has been sent
from here to assist the posse at Bluff.
A posse of twenty-nine is on the road
j from Montivello, Utah, to assist those !
at Bluff. Communication between here
and Bluff has been broken all day and
has just been restored. The fighting
continues fiercely."
Tse-Ne-Gat Charged With Murder.
Tse-Ne-Gat, who is also known as
Everett Hatch, is charged with th&.
murder last March of Juan
sheepherder in Mputesrfftia county.
Col. After - hia" arrest the Indian es-j
Gaped !to Utah, where his father, "Old!
Polk," is said to have counseled re- j
si stance. The band of which Tse-Xe- j
Gat is the leader is known as an un-1
controllable nomadic tribe, which has |
on many occasions given settlers of I
southeastern Utah much trouble.
Lorenzo D. Creel, special Indian I
agent, arrived at Moab. Utah, last !
night, en route to Bluff with instruc- j
tions for Marshal Nebeker. j
A call for volunteers from Moab resulted
in the mobilizing of twenty men
who were prepared today to leave for
the scene. From Grayson fifteen men
!responded.
An appeal for assistance to the Indian
agency at Shiprock. X. M., also
has been made. >
Pursued Through Mountains.
The posse which pursued Tse-Xe-Gat
wa^? organized at Cortez, Col., several
days ago by Marshal Xebeker, upon a 1
request from District Attorney Tedrow
of Denver for the arrest of the Indian.
The trail of the fugitive led the posse
through a remote mountainous region,
across the state line into Utah. Travel- j
ing by day and night, the posse drew
near the camp of the Indians at midnicrht
fu-n nnH n half miloo frnw
Instantly tne Indians opened fire.
Numerically in the minority, the posse
held its own. From a southern pass *
through the rocks the Posey band early J
in the morning came to the assistance 1
of the Piutes. Joseph Cordova, a mem- ?
her of the posse who had been placed to
guard the pass, was shot down. His
condition was not reported. c
SWISS TROOPS OPEN FIRE I
ON A GERMAN AEROPLANE \
BERN*, via Paris, February 22. ?
Swiss soldiers opened fire yesterda3" on
an aeroplane, said to have been Ger- n
man, which flew over Bonfal. I
The machine was struck by nine bul- r
lets, and the pilot was forced to de- 8
c
scend at Ferrctta, after hovering over Q
the positions at Reehesy. t
! n
Vanderbilt Cup Race Today. j 3
SAN FRANCISCO, February 22.?The j ^
start of the Vanderbilt cup races, it n
'was officially announced at 9:15 a.91., F
has been postponed from 10 o'clock *
! until 12 o'clock noon. Pacific coast time.!
j It was desired to give the sun a;1^
I chance to dry out the course, which c
was wet and slippery from last night's
rain- *
DAY IN CONGEESS.
House.
Met at 11 a.m.
Washington's farewell address read
by Representative tlarrett of Ten- ,s
nessee. vi
,T.4?,i nf m
* Ultu UVUM V??w> v VI ivi VI *_,0- r
lunibia committee to consider "Jim Ie
Crow" car law for the District. *1
Resumed consideration of fortiflca- P1
tions appropriation bill.
Ways and means committee took no in
action on mixed flour bill, but may cc
consider it next Wednesday. t
Judiciary committee held hearing: on w
charges against Federal Judge Dayton
of West Virginia. ^
Senate. fr
fo
Met at 11 a.m. ct
Senator Root read Washington's
farewell address.
Report made by conferees on sea- th
men's bill. th
Consideration of army appropriation th
bill resumed. bi
?
ARMIES STAKE ALL
ON FIERCE BATTLE
IN THE MOUNTAINS
Russ Meets Teuton for Decisive
Test in Passes of
the Carpathians.
OTHER MOVEMENTS NOW
ARE DEEMED SECONDARY
After Fifty Days of Fighting, the
Victory Remains Still to
Be Decided. ^
EXPLAINS RUSSIAN RETREAT
Official PetrogTad Statement Says
Tenth Army Was Overwhelmed
by Superior Forces in East
Prussia.
BERLIN, February 22, via
London, 3:30 p.m.?The German
official statement issued today
announces that the captures in
the battle of the Mazurian lakes
district of East Prussia have been
increased to seven generals and
more than 100,000 men.
The pieces of cannon taken
numbered 150.
Victory in the Balance.
LONDON", February 22.?
Fighting in the Carpathian mountains
still is being fiercely prosecuted
bv the Russian and AustroGerman
forces, but apparentlv
without decisive results for either
side.
1 liese mountain passes are now
recognized by army men as forming
the most difficult section of
the long eastern battle front, and
the impression is growing among
military observers in London that
the other movements of both the
Russians and the 'jerrrjans are
merely strategical--operations designed
tu^rffect the result of the
desperate struggle at the gateway
to Hungary.
Says Blow Fell Short.
The crushing: blow* which Germany
hoped to deliver against the Russians
from East Prussia has fallen short, telegraphs
the Daily Mail's Petrograd correspondent.
"The Russians have extricated their
main body from the German pincers."
says the dispatch, "and the Germans, instead
of attacking, are being attacked.
Russian reinforcements are arriving constantly
in large numbers.
"A fierce attack from the direction of
Loinza compelled the Germans to bring
troops from the north and abandon for
the moment their advance toward the
River Niemen. where only their cavalry
is operating in small bodies. The German
movement toward the fortress of
Novo Georgiewisk continues, but less
energetically. All along the line, in fact,
there is noticeable a slackening of effort,"
Front 100 Miles Long.
A Petrograd dispatch to the Times
says that the Russian counter move to
the German advance from East Prussia
has begun along a front of lOo
miles to the north of the Bohr and
S'arew rivers.
The Russian losses in East Prussia,
is given by the German commander,
ire described as "fanciful," althougn
hey were undoubtedly heavy. In l'etrojrad
it is thought the German movement
in East Prussia is a diversion to
jonceal more important operations in
Jalic-ia. to which country the Gernans
apparently intend to direct their
nain effort. Six new German arm>
:orps have been concentrated south of
he Carpathians.
Russians Explain Retreat.
PETROGRAD. February 22.?Explatation
of the Russian retirement from
2ast Prussia is contained in a com
nunicatlon given out last night by the
;eneral staff. Successes of the German
oup are attributed largely to the lack
f strategic railways which prevented
he Russians from concentrating "with
ecessary rapidity on our East Prusian
frontier forces indispensable to
fard off this drive of the enemy."
The general staff asserts that the
nassing of German troops in East
'russia was revealed to the Russians
'ehruarv 4. but that the magnitude o
he concentration did not become
nown until several days later. Beause
of three conditions, it is stated,
ithdrawal of tire 10th Russian Army
rom East Prussia toward the frontier
ras decided upon. This was followed
iter by a further retirement toward
he Niemen and the Bobr rivers. The
ommunication follows:
Germans Adopt New Plan.
"The Germans, after a series of exiptionally
obstinate and tenacious atr
icks which cost them innumerable
[ctims, became persuaded of the imossibility
of dislodging us from the
ft bank of the Vistula, and proceeded
t the end of January to put a new
an into operation.
"Having finished the formation in the
iterior of their country of several new
>rps, and deciding to continue the
ansportations of troops from their
est front in order to make a supreme
fort against us, profiting by their netork
of railroads, the Germans were
labled to launch an overwhelming
irce against our 10th Army, which ocutrnnsrlv
organized rtrtniflrtn*
ong the Angerapp river and the Ma
irian lakes.
"To assure the success of the coup
ie tiermans transported also part of
leir contingents from the fronts or
ie Rawka, the Bzura and the rinht
ink of the Vistula. This iitMtln

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