Newspaper Page Text
Fair tonight and Thursday; gentle to
moderate northwest winds. Tempera
ture past twenty-four hours: Hitch, 44.
at 2 ^j.m. today; low, 26, at 6:3u a.m.
For full report see page 18.
CLOHHG HEW YORK STOCKS PAGE 18.
"From Press to Home
Within the Hoar"
La?t Week's Sworn Net Circulation-?
Daily Arerase. T4^Mi SaaAaj. M3?7.
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1915.-TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
Leon C. Thrasher One of III
Fated 111 Aboard Steamer
SHARP ISSUE RAISED.
SAYS LONDON PAPER
No Report Has Been Received by the
State Department in
IX)KDOX. March 31.?Leon Chester
Thrasher, an American citizen, was
Imong the 111 persons who lost their
lives when the British steamer Falaba
Was torpedoed last Sunday by a Ger
man submarine In St. George's chan
nel. He was an employe of the Broo
tnassle Mines Company and had been
Bent to the gold coast.
Thrasher had an American passport,
and In the form he was required to fill
out before embarking described him
self as an American citizen, but gave
no American address. Inquiry at the
offices of the company in London elicit
ed the information that nothing had
bpen heard from Thrasher.
, German Reveals Intention.
Passengers rescued from the Falaba
say that when the submarine ap
proached the steamer the German cap
tain shouted in English through a
megaphone: "I am going to sink you."
The Daily Mail, in an editorial in con
nection with the drowning of Thrasher,
says that the question whether the
Washington government will permit a
belligerent to destroy an unoffending
passenger ship, carrying an American
citizen, without giving that citizen any
oppurt unity to escape, is raised in its
Lived in Massachusetts.
NEW YORK, March 31.?Leon Ches
ter Thrasher, who was among the Fal
aba> passengers who perished, lived in
Hard wick, Mass., before going to Eng
land. His mother, Mrs. M. L. Thrasher,
lf*es there now.
The Eastern Dillon Company, bankers,
of this city, transacted business with Mr.
Thrasher and received from him a
tiumber of letters from time to time,
the last being written at Plymouth,
England. February 16. The firm did
not know whether he was an American
citizen, but thought that he was.
Some of Mr. Thrasher's letters to his
mother. It was Raid, were forwarded to
her through the firm. In one of these
Tetters, written early in the year, Mr.
Thrasher said he had finished with the
Gold Coast, and thought he would re
turn to Hardwick within a short time.
Word to His Mother.
' Tou can expect to see me within two
or three -spowths," was the word he sent
his mother, as recalled by a representa
tive of the banking firm.
Little is known here of Mr. Thrash
er's personal affairs. The bankers had
<orresponded with him at intervals,
they said, while he was out of the
t-ountry, and on one occasion had
transmitted to him money sent from
abroad for him to go to the Gold <"'oast.
It was thought that he was unmarried.
In his last letter to the firm Mr.
Thrasher wrote: "You can write me at
1'T Cartwrlght Gardens street, Pancras,
London, W. C." This was the address;
sriven by Thrasher when he filled out |
'he passport form in England.
Was Born in Hardwick.
HARDWICK. Mass., March 31.?Leon
hester Thrasher, one of the passen
gers whose lives were lost, when the
British steamer Falaba was sunk by a
? iermari submarine off the coast of
Wales last Sunday, was a citizen of
the I'nlted States, lie was bom in this
??>wn in 1S84.
This was established today by his
? iMher. Mrs. Mary L. Thrasher. I,ec?n,
>h? said, was the second of four chil
L*on Thrasher lived here until 1901.
m h?:n h?* went to Springfield to le?rn
the machinist's tra?le After coniplet
n-g his apprenticeship l|?- became a
trn%eling master meohani<\ his work
?eking him to m*nv parts of the world. I
\ftor Journeying all over the United j
Htat*.fc he went to Alaska, and later i
?o continental Kurope.
Received Letter Friday.
*Trs Thrasher revived a letter from
son last Friday, l?? which lie wrote
that Tie would sail from Liverpool on
? he Falaba for Broomassie, Africa,
where he had obtained a position a-s |
jnaatar mechanic In the mines.
The next she heard of him was wh*n
*he read of his death in this morn
The Thrasher family has appealed
t? Washington to learn the circum
stances of the death of L*?on. Mrs
.ustin M. Thrasher of Weet Spring
aid oommunicated by long-distance
lephone with Representatl ve Fred
rick IL Glllett, who, she said, prom
ed to cable Ambassador Walter Hines
y age at London, asking the latter for
; complete report on the death of her
XJ. S. Officials Get No j&eport.
Vo report of the death of Leon C
"Tnrs^her, an American mining engi it
er r, one of the victims of the de
struction of the steamer Falaba by a
'?Tman submarine, had been received
> the State Department today from
/ ?r essador Page in London.
S* retary Bryan said that no inquiry
1 ad been sent by the department.
11* presumed that Ambassador Page
ould report promptly anything re
' ti rig to the destruction ?>f the liner *
i + said, which might be of interest to ?
k .?*? L'nited States.
CHARGES ARE DROPPED.
No Prosecution of Bribery Case
Against Consul and Secretary.
.SEATTI.K. Wa*h.. March 31.- The
prosecution of Dr. WJlheJm Mueller,
German consul at Seattle, and B. Max
Schulz, his secretary. charged with
? onspiracy to bribe an employe of the
Seattle Construction and Dry Dock
?'ompanv to reveal secrets of his em
ployers' business, will be dropped.
The State Department at Washington
esires that the prosecution under a
1 ate law be discontinued. Alfred Lun
,n, prosecuting attorney, who caused
ie arrest of the consul and his secre
?ry, consented to the discontinuance
v.'heri h,e learned that a federal statute
prevented his bringing the consul be
fore a state court. Federal courts, ac
cording to the statute, have jurisdic
tion in all casus against consuls.
District Commissioners Ar
range Meeting to Discuss
JUSTICE SIDDONS AND
MAJ. PULLMAN INVITED
Nesbit Alio to Be There to Tell of
Insurance Matters, It
District Commissioners Newman,
Brownlow and Kuts, Insurance Commis
sioner Charles F. Nesbit, Raymond W.
Pullman, who Is to be the . ^w superin
tendent of police, and Justice Siddons,
former commissioner, will spend several
hours with President Wilsnn tomorrow
night telling him about District affairs.
The object of the conference, which was
initiated by the Commissioners, is to give
the President as complete information as
possible as to the policies and methods
being pursued by the present District
The Commissioners have had little op
portunity In the past, it is stated, to talk
fully and freely with the President, whose
time was devoted to national matters
pending in Congress. At no time has the
President been able to give over half an
hour, at one time, to the heads of the
Will Detail Fiscal Fight.
It is understood the Commissioners will
give the President a complete history of
the flght over the fiscal relations of the
District and general government which
culminated in the creation of the con
gressional commission to Investigate and
report upon the subject.
The board as a whole has no pollcv on
this vital question, each Commissioner
having his own views. When the Com
missioners go before the congressional
commission they will simply present
facts aB desired by the commission and
will not undertake, it has become known,
to lay an undivided opinion before the
The President wHl also receive in
formation from the Commissioners as
to what the public utilities commission
is doing, its policies toward local unlli
tles and Its general purposes In that
direction in the future. The Commis
sioners believe that in their work re
garding local utilities they have fol
lowed to a large extent the lnes em
ployed by President Wilson when he
was Governor of New Jersey.
May Talk Insurance.
The presence at the conference of Mr.
Nesbit will. It Is expected, lead to a
discussion of the policy of the Com
missioners as to insurance concerns do
ing business In the District. Mr. Pull
man will also explain. It is believed,
something of his intentiona as to the
police force of the District.
The conference on the whole may
have an Important bearing in the fu
ture upon the President's attitude to
District matters going before him.
SUCCUMBS IN LONDON
Head of the English Branch of
Noted Family of
LONDON, March SI. 5:40 p.m.?Lord
Nathan Mayer Rothschild, head of the
English branch of the Rothschild fam
ily. died in London today.
He had been 111 for some days. He
passed a rather restless night and was
no* quite so well this morning. Tills
information was conveyed In this
morning's bulletin and was the first
intimation that the condition of Lord
Rothschild was not entirely satisfac
\*athani'-l Mayer Rothschild, first
baron Rothschtld. was horn November
f. 1?10. <-!dent son of the late Baron
Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, and was
created an English pier in 1885. He
"as the head .,f the London banking
Irm of N. M Rothschild Ac Sons, and
he was the? b*ad of the British branch
of this w*!l known family of interna
Rarr.., Rothschild was widely known
for his great wealth, and his philan
thrope-labors also won hint fame. He
bad a handsome house in Piccadilly
and a country seat at Trlng Pari,"
was also a lover of art, and
hip collection of art work? In very well
^n.hKot7b*"hi'd.w?, ,f<e first mem
ber of the Jewish faith ever elected to
the British parliament, where he rep
resented Aylesbury from 18155 to 1885
the year he was made a peer He wan
educated in England, and he married
Emma, daughter of Baron Charles de
Rothschild of Frankfort.
Baron Rothschild underwent a serl
ous surgical operation In London
March J,. Immediately following this
his condition was reported as satis- i
factory and the bulletins Issued tin
following day and on March 2:i said '
his condition was improving. The an
nouncetnent of th- doctors this morn
ing. however, said lie had passed a
restless night and that his condition
wa? not ?o good.
LIABLE TO INHERITANCE TAX
Law Applied to J. P. Morgan's Art
NEW YORK. March 31.?Under the j
New York law this was said by law-'
yers to be the day on which J. p. Mor
gan must either give away his art
collections or eventually pay an In
heritance tax to the state. Mr Mor
gan was In Europe and no announce
ment of his Intention had been made
It was said that If Mr. Morgan had
desired to bestow his art c5||"ct"??
either upon the Metropolitan Museum
of Art or the memorial at Hartford
Conn . founded by the late J. Pierpont
Morgan, he could do so today by mak
ing the gift either to the city of New
York or the city of Hartford
The law provides that unless such
gifts are made within two years after
the death of the owner an Inheritance
tax must be paid.
Heart Acts After "Death."
BOSTON. March 31.?After Wlllard O.
Wallace of Pittsburgh, an alleged con
fessed swindler, who took poison In
the City prison yesterday, had been
pronounced dead, his heart action waa
restored by massage and he lived in
an unconscious condition three hours
more before lie was again declared
QUIET ON BORDER,
Only Desultory Firing During
Night on Mexican Side
U. S. INFANTRY REGIMENT
HELD AT TEXAS CITY
Villa Reported at Torreon Going
Away From the Scene of
Maj. lien. Funston, who has taken j
personal charge of the situation at ;
Brownsville, commanding the Ameri
can forces stationed along the border
to preserve American lives and prop
erty during the impending battle, to- j
day reported to Secretary Garrison:
"Desultory firing on both sides last
night. Everything quiet today."
Should more troops be necessary on
the American side at Laredo, Tex., in
the event of an attack on Nuevo La
redo, a regiment of infantry is in readi
ness at Texas City.
Gen. Villa apparently has abandoned
his plan to personally direct the fight- j
Ing at Matamoros. State Department I
and Carranza and Villa agency reports I
agree that he is at Torreon, going j
south, but differ as to the reason.
The Villa agen'cy announced that he j
was organizing an expedition to round
up Carranza troops operating in north- |
em Sonora near the American border, i
The Carranza agency claims Villa
went to Torreon to prevent Gen. Triana |
from going over with his entire force |
to Eulalio Gutierrez, after a quarrel
with Gen. Angeles.
Assembling for Battle.
Advices from the border to the State
and War departments report the Villa
forces bound to attack the Carranza
garrison at Nuevo Laredo were expect
ed to reach Lampazos last evening, i
"where a battle probably will be i
fought." Earlier messages said Car- j
ranza troops were being assembled at
Nuevo Laredo, Including the force re
cently driven out of Piedras Negras.
The garrison will number 1,200 in all,
and presumably a part of this force will
be sent out along the National railway
to meet the Villa force at Lampazos if
the battle is not already in progress.
The situation at Matamoros and at
Brownsville, across the border, Is
tense. The Villa troops, repulsed Sat
urday in their first attack, are en
camped five miles from the city, the
State Department was advised, expect
ing to renew the assault on arrival of
On the American side a dozen guns
from the 3d Field Artillery are ready
for any emergency. Secretary Garri
son said the instructions sent to Gen.
Funston were similar to those given
when bullets and shells fell on the
American side during the fighting at
Naco. The Secretary refused to say
however, whether orders had >been
gyen to return the Are if the lame
thing happened at Brownsville.
Situation in Capital.
Secretary Bryan characterized the
situation at Mexico City as "uncertain,
but with no disorders" No report
tending to^conflrm statements that the
Zapata forces were preparing to aban
don the capital again had reached the
The food situation is again somewhat
critical, Mr. Bryan said, but Gen. Garza
has given assurances that something
will be done to meet the emergency.
Reports from the border that Villa
had demanded of Zapata that Gen. Fe
lipe Angeles be Installed as provisional
president In place of Gen. Garza caused
considerable discussion here. Gen. Villa
was at Torreon, and expected to start
southward in a day or two.
Some officials were inclined to credit
the reported action of Villa, saying
that he probably considered that Gen.
Garza was coming too much under the
control of Zapata and his advisers, and
that Gen. Angeles could dominate the
situation in the capital.
No foreigners have yet left Mexico
City, Secretary Bryan said, although
both the Carranza and Zapata officials
have promised to afford them facilities
to reach Vera Cruz. A report from the
latter place said EI Potrera sugar plan
tation, sixty miles from Vera Cruz, had
been looted by a rebel band, and the
manager had asked fur a military
ARTILLERY AT BROWNSVILLE.
Will Protect Texas Border City
When Mexican* Attack Matamoros.
BROWNSVILLE, T<_x., March 31.?
Three batteries of the United States 3d
Field Artillery arrived here early to
day, to be ready, if necessary, to pro
tect Brownsville when Matamoros is
under attack. Maj. Gen. Frederick
Funston, sent here by the War De
partment to see that the American bor
der is not violated, expressed himself
as pleased at the prompt movement of
the artillery. It entrained in San An
Matamoros was quiet early today, with
no indications when the Villa troops
would begin the attack, which has
caused fear of risk to Brownsville
through rifle or cannon Arc.
During the night two skirmishes were
heard at widely separated points. One
of these indicated that the Villa forces
have penetrated to the river front be
low Matamoros, thereby cutting the
city off and establishing from the
Mexican side a nominal state of siege.
This line is too long and the Villa
troops too few to make such a block
ade effective at present.
I^ast night s lighting was by about two
columns of Villa troops, who crept close
to the breastworks under cover of a fog.
They did not attack in force, their pur
pose being apparently to test the
strength of the forces behind the en
trenchments. No Villa cannon were fired
during this skirmish. The cannon shots
came from the Matamoros garrison.
VILLA DEFEAT REPORTED.
Forces Said to Have Suffered Heavy
Loss in Recent Battle.
Defeat of the Villa forces, with heavy
loss. between Cabullona and Collonla
MoreloB is reported in advice# to the
Carranza aKenry here, as follows:
"Advices from <ien. I'lutarco Alias
Calles, constitutionalist commander at
Agua Prieta. states Vlllista forces un
der command of PruJUlo were defeated
by constitutionalist troops under com
mand of Lieut. Col. Jimlnez, detached
from Calles' command, with 800 cav
alry. Battle took place between Cabul
lona and Collonia Morelos.
"Vllllstas lost heavily in dead and
wounded. 140 saddle horses and some
prisoners. The prisoners assert that
tlieir commander. Prujlllo, la Seriously
VILLAGES NEAR OUTER FORTS
OF DARDANELLES UNDER FIRE
Allied. Fleet Resumes Bombardment?Pe~
trograd Reports Success When
Skips Shell Bosporus.
LONDON. .March 31.?A Renter's dis
patch received from Constantinople by
way of Berlin says the allied fleet has
resumed Its bombardment of villages
near the outer forts of the Darda- j
nelles. Turkish aviators are making
The operations in the Dardanelles
Sunday were confined to an intermit
tent bombardment of several Turkish
positions, in which seaplanes co-op
erated. The Turkish reply was feeble.
An official Russian communication
tells of the operations of the Russian
fleet against the Bosporus, it says:
"Monday morning our fleet approach
ed the outer fortifications of the Bos
porus, but was unable to continue the
bombardment, as a fog shrouded the
. "One of our smaller ships exchanged
shots with a Turkish destroyer, which
made off at full speed for the Bos
porus after the first shots."
Fliers Report Damage.
"Sunday's bombardment of the Bos
porus,'* says the Daily News Petrograd
correspondent, "was favored by fine
weather, giving the aviators a. clear
view of the damage inflicted. The
worst damage was done to Fort 151
mas, where the twelve-Inch guns of
the Russians demolished the old stone
batteries and the new earthworks
round the emplacements, where the
j Germans recently had transferred some
of their guns. The garrison of Fort
Klmas fled, unable to stand the fir? of
the Russian fleet. Kiha fort also was
"The Turks have twenty-two guns
at Anadoli and Kavak and twenty-four
guns at the neighboring fort, Madjar
3ays Forts Did Not Reply.
A special dispatch received from
Constantinople says the first bombard
ment of the Turkish fortifications on
the Bosporus by the Russian Black sea
fleet consisted of the firing of 128
shots at the forts from a distance of
seventeen kilometers <eleven miles).
The forts did not reply to this fire.
Notwithstanding the Turkish claim
that practically no damage was done
an Athens dispatch declares the Turks
are repairing the damage done to the
forts and concentrating troops in
Russian People Warned.
"A semi-official statement comment
ing on the Russian naval operations in
the Bosporus," says the Daily
Telegraph's l'etrograd correspondent,
"warns the Russian people not to ex
pect the speedy success either of the
allies against the Dardanelles or the
Russians against the Bosporus.
"This double attack, the statement
says, has been carefully co-ordinated,
but it is recognized tliat the operations
will require great exertion and occupy
eonsiderable time. Moreover, whereas
the allies are in a position to make good
th??ir losses in ships, however great,
the Russian Black sea tlept is not in a
position to do that. Great caution also
is required, as the fonts at both ends
are rnanntd with heavy guns."
TWO MORE BRITISH STEAMERS
SUNK BY GERMAN SUBMARINES
LONDON, March 31.?Reports of the
sinking: of two more British steamers
by German submarines have been re
ceived in London.
The Ellerman line steamer Flaminian,
with a general cargo from Glasgow
to Capetown, was sunk off the Scilly
Isles Monday, March 2?, oy the Ger
man submarine U-28. The members
of the crew were saved.
The Cardiff Echo declares that the
British steamer Crown or Ca&tile i?a^
been torpedoed and sunk off the Sc?lly
The Flaminian sighted the U-28 at
1:15 o'clock Monday afternoon. The
crew at once prepared to lower the
boats, and at the same time the ves
sel was sent ahead at full speed. The
submarine easily overhauled ner, ..ow
ever, and lired three shots, signaling her
The Flaminian was stopped, and the
crew, abandoning all personal belong
ings, got ott In small boats. The sub
marine then nreil ten shots at the
steamer. Tnese appeared to be inel
lective, and accordingly a torpedo was
discharged. This sent the Flaminian
to the bottom.
CRUISER THOUGHT TO HAVE SUNK
GERMAN SUBMARINE OFF DIEPPE
PAlUfc, March 31.?A statement indi
cating that a German submarine may
have been sunk by a French cruiser was
given out today by the ministry of marine,
it is as follows:
"Yesterday afternoon a French light
cruiser sighted a German submarine
maneuvering on the surface off Dieppe.
The cruiser immediately gave chase,
forcing the submarine to dive, firing
meanwhile at the periscope and turning
in order to ram it with the bow.
"The cruiser passed above the sub
marine at the moment the periscope dis
appeared, and from the spot where the
submarine was last seen quantities of oil
floated to the surface."
WOMAN SUFFRAGISTS MEET.
Delegates From All Farts of U. S.
Gather in New York.
NEW YORK, March 31.?One hun
dred woman suffragists from various
parts of the United States gathered
here today to attend a meeting of the
advisory council of the Congressional
Union for Woman Suffrage. The con
ferences were intended to perfect a
national working organization of the
Mrs. Harvey Wiley of Washington,
?. C.; Mrs. S. M. B. Young of Mon
.ana, Mrs. Rheta Child? Dorr and oth
er* ? bag planned to diaouM ?u?ra?e
topics at a luncheon, and Mrs. O. H. P.
Belmont had invited the women to
meet in her home afterward.
NORWEGIAN CABINET SPLIT.
Differences Arise Over Reduction of
LONDON, March 31.?The Norwegian
cabinet is endangered by differences of
opinion between the minister of de
fense and the military committee, says
a dispatch from Stockholm to the Ex
change Telegraph Company.
The military committee, the dispatch
adds, insists on reducing the cost of pro
posed military preparations by 1,000,000
kroner (approximately $270,000) and
several ministers are said to be on the
point Qi resigning, v
LIBAU IS BOMBARDED
German Fleet's Shell* Kill Three,
Wound Seven and Destroy
| LONDON, March 31.?The Libau cor
! respondent of Reuters Telegram Com
| pany sends a message saying that as a
; result of txvo bombardments of Libau
by the German fleet, three persons have
been killed and seven wounded, and
fifteen houses have been damaged.
Telegraph wires also have been wreck
ed and the steamer Baltica, in port,
SWEEPING CHANGE MADE.
Democratic Tax Assessors in Ohio
Give Way to Republicans.
COLUMBUS. Ohio, March 31.?In ac
cordance with a letter from Gov. Willis,
the state tax commission today re- j
moved all officials in charge of the j
taxation machinery in the eighty-eight j
counties of the state. Those removed I
are all democrats who were appointed i
under the administration of Gov. Cox. '
Appointments were announced by j
Gov. Willis today for forty-three coun
ties, the appointees in practically
every rase being republicans.
The remaining vacancies will be filled
l?y additional appointments tonight.
The Evening Star
W ar Pictorial
Up-to-the-minute news and hu
man-interest photographs from the
centers of greatest interest in the
war fields, reproduced In alternate
brown and green tinted pages by
the new rotogravure process, make
this magazine at once instructive
and of historc and artistic value.
"Her Song of Hate" is the
frontispiece. A II'tie mite had
her favorite dol! broken by a bomb
dropped from a German airship
Into Colchester, England. She is
denouncing the aerial invaders in
unmeasured terms, wh'le stand.ng
In the pit made by the explosion of
A double.pag* illustration Is a
; vision drawing by George Scott, it
i represents a French sold er dying
on the battlefield. He Is comforted
In his last moments by a vision of
his mother, who whispers words of
encouragement to h m. and by the
Figure of France, who awards her
loyal son the palm of victory for
duty nobly done.
There Is a series of large photo,
graphic reproductions of generals
holding hl^h positions w.th the
Continuing the series of pictures
lllustrat've of the Capitals of the
Warrinq Nations, there are a num
ber of full-page v'ews of T?klo and
Its temples and beau+y spots.
Switzerland's national defense is
the subject of some vfv'd and pic
turesque llli st-atims showing mil'
tary movements as they are car
ried out In the mountain passes
which have been known as the
"Playground of the Old World."
Italy's preparations In case tha*
nation drawn into the toils of
the conflict are s*own In daring ac
tion pictures of the famous Italian
cavalry known as the most daring
In all Europe.
AND MANY OTHERS
On All Newsstands
Price, 10 Cents
Don't Miss It!
It Is Expected Ambassador
Will Present Reply to Brit
ish Order Today.
GREAT INTEREST EVINCED
BY THE DIPLOMATS HERE
United States Stands Firmly for
Bight to Trade With
Ambassador Page at London had be
fore him today the American note to
Great Britain regarding the British
order In council against commerce to
and from Germany. The communica
tion was cabled to him last night by
the State Department.
It was expected that the ambassa
dor would present the note to the Brit
ish foreign office today, when it will
be made public simultaneously both in
London and in Washington.
Pending the presentation of the com
munication officials refused to reveal
its contents. It is known, however,
that the American government stands
firmly for its rights to carry on legiti
mate trade with neutrals, even though
they be contiguous to the warring na
More Definite Information Hinted.
Officials have pointed out, however,
that the American government wanted
more definite information as to the
radius of action of the allies* blockad
ing fleets, and ^that the question of
whether the order in council was to
be enforced under International law
governing blockade or under the rules
of contraband had not been answered.
Diplomats of other neutral countries,
particularly those of South and Cen
tral American governments, have dis
played the greatest interest in the note.
! Several of them were among Secre
| tary Bryan's callers. So far as could
l be learned, none gained any positive
i information as to the character of the
Southern Republics Waiting.
| Since efforts to bring about joint rep
resentations regarding the rights of
neutrals on the high seas failed it is
understood that the South and Central
American republics are anxious to move
along lines set by the United States to
establish their record which will form
the basis of claims for damages suf
fered by their citizens through the ac
tivities of the allied fleets.
It was said at the State Department
that the usual practice of awaiting
judgment by the prize court was being
followed in the case of the cargo of
the American steamer Antilla. which
was seized- last month. The records
show that the steamer carried -a quan
tity of lard and some machinery, both
of which have been declared contra
band by Great Britain. As to the ship
herself, no reason for her detention,
now that her cargo has been dis
charged. is known, and department
officials expect her to be released very
FRYE NOTE PUT IN FORM.
Representations to Be Sent to Ger
mary Soon Now.
The views of the United States gov
ernment regarding the sinking by the
German cruiser Prinz Eitel Friedrich
of the American ship William P. Frye
finally have been put in the form of a
note, which. It is expected, will soon
be communicated to the German gov
ernment through Ambassador Gerard
Preparation of the document has
been considerably delayed owing to the
difficulty in securing adequate informa
tion regarding the ownership of the
cargo of grain of the Frye, but it has
now been established that this cargo
was sold while the ship was on the
high seas and before she was sunk.
As the sale was not made to the Brit
ish government, but to a private firm,
it is held that the liability of the Ger
man government for damages for its
destruction is unquestionable.
RUSSIA INCREASES TARIFF.
Advance in Rates on Importations
10 to 50 Per Cent.
Tariff rates on mosl articles import
ed into Russia have been raised 10
per cent, while rates on certain cotton
fabrics and cotton yarns have been
Increased from 30 to 50 per cent.
American Consul North Winship, at
Petrograd. has telegraphed that con
ventional rates on articles specified
in the Russian commercial treaties
with Austria-Hungary and Germany
have been abolished. The general
rates of the Russian tariff are conse
quently to be applied in the case of
countries, including the United States,
the products of which were formerly
entitled to the reduced rates.
JAPAN'S EMPEROR CALLS
EXTRA SESSION OF DIET
NEW YORK. March 31?The East
and West News Bureau has received
the following dispatch from Tokio:
"The emperor has called for an extra
session of the diet to open .May 17 and
continue for three weeks."
GERMAN AFRICAN CAMP
CAPTURED BY THE BRITISH
LONDON, March 31.?A Cape Town
dispatch to Reuter's Telegram Com
pany says that a German camp at
Plattben, fifty miles northeast of
Ukamas, German Southwest Africa,
has been captured by the British. It
contained great quantities of supplies
and horses and other livestock.
Low Water Holds Many Tons of Coal
PITTSBURGH, Pa.. March 31.?Coal
shipments from this district dur ng the
present month have been the smallest
In tho history of the coal Industry for
March owing to the low stage of the local
rivers, according to rlvermen. More than
three m Hon bushels of coal now await a
rise. Nearly a score of big towboats are
tied up here.
Von Der Goltz Leaves .Berlin.
AMSTERDAM, via London, March SI.
?The Telegraaf says that Field Mar
shal von der Goltz has left Berlin for
the main German headquarters.
Field Marshal von der Goltz, accord
ing to previous dispatches, had gone
to Berlin from Constantinople and had
conferred^ with Emperor William re
gardias Uw plaa ?t campaign^
OF FOE ARE SLAIN.
Reported Terrible Slaughter of
Germans at Lake Dusa
Blamed on Generals.
LOSSES OF AUSTRIANS
ARE PLACED AT 18,000
4,000 Annihilated in Leu Than Hour
Near Vereczke, It Is
CARPATHIAN BATTLE GOES OK
Success of Russians Might Hart
Grave Political Consequences for
Teutonic Peoples by Arous
LONDON", March 31.?The
battle of the Carpathian passes
now rivals the bombardment of
the Dardanelles in political pos
^ sibilities. German experts assert
; that the efforts being made by
[Russia are of such vital impor
tance politically that the supreme
command of the Teutonic allies
justified in exerting' every effort
j to check the invader there.
| According to this view of the
| situation a sudden and dramatic
| influx of Muscovite hosts through
the Carpathians into Hungarv
! might stir the Kalkau nations to
I action long before the tedious at
tack of the allied fleet 011 the Dar
j danelles attains anything ap
j proaching a definite result.
W bole divisions of Germans
! have been annihilated by the
i Russians in the fighting around
J Lake Dusa, Petrograd claims
! Austrian losses in recent fightinc
|are declared to run high in the
Austrian Losses Huge.
Austrian losses In I.yutta valley and
the province of Berag (northeast Hun
gary) the day of March 28 arc esti
mated at IS.000. according to dispatch
es received by Swiss newspapers. These
advices state that a column of 4.one
Austrlans was annihilated in less than
all hotrr during a desperate action In
Bereg province, six miles north of Ve
reczke. Austrian troops in this terri
tory are reported to l.e demoralised
the result of their enormous losses.
- Ambushed by Russians.
It is reported from the Rumanian
frontier that a considerable Austrian
force which crossed the River Pruth
near Bojana Monday was ambushed
by the Russians and compelled to re
tire across the river with heavy losses.
The cessation of fighting in Dukla pass
lasted only twenty-four hours. Austrian
newspapers report, the Russians then
bringing up fresh reserves.
Fighting in the valley of the Ondaia
and Laborcza has recommenced, and now
is In full swing, Vienna claims. The Aus
trian troops are fighting desperately, and
the Russians, il is reported here, in spit*
of furious attacks with large for.es, have
not been able to gain their objective at
an> point for an invasion of Hungary
The righting in the Carpathians is gotnc
on during a heavy rainfall
The battle in Bukowina vesterday la
reported to have resulted in favor of the
Petrograd Breaks Silence.
The long silence In Petrograd concern
ing i lie operations on the German front
was broken today by an autlienUc report
of a daring German maneuver in the Nle
men river district, which, according to
this information, began abortively and
ended in failure
The gradual withdrawal of the cen
tral part of their tenth army, a move
calculated to draw all the Russian
forces into the advance between 8u
walkl and Kalvarla. was to be fol
lowed. according to the Russian Inter
pretations of the German plan by a
quick encircling movement of their
left flank from the vicinity of I^aka
Uusa and Lake Nimno to the rear
This, it was planned would cut off the
retreui of the advancing Russians, and
at til., same time they would be out
Generals Make Mistake.
uverzealousness in achieving this
aim led the Uernian generals to throw
a large part of their 21st Army C?rpa
with three reserve regiments, amount
ing, In all. to an entire corps, across
the melting ice of l,ake Dusa. before
the middle group of the Russian forces
h.-vd advanced sufficiently to assure the
success of the proposed encircling ma
Having surmounted the hazards of
the transportation of these i roopa over
weak ice, the Germans discovered ac
cording to the reports corning to Petro
[grad. that the.r movement was prema
ture, and In a desperate effort to re
trace their steps they were met by a
fierce Russian onslaught. According
to their account of th s fighting, the
Russians annihilated entire divisions
of the Germans.
At other points along the Germaa
front isolated engagements continue
but they are without strategic signlfl.
Claims Reverses for Czar.
Reverses for Russians are claimed
today by Berlin, the German official
statement declaring that the csar's
soldiers have been driven from the
banks of the river north of Memel.
The Russians also have been defeated
near Taurboggen and have retreated
In the direction of Szkaudrwly. Those
secttons of the Russian array which
advanced during the last few days
north of Augustowo against Teuton
positions have been repulsed, accord
ing to Berlin. The Germans aas said
to tev* advaaoad lota Um