Newspaper Page Text
FINANCIAL AID NEEDED
FOR DISTRICT'S DEFENSE.
To the Taxpayers of the District of Columbia:
The citizens' coinmittce. under the chairmanship of H.
B. F. Macfarland, engaged in the preparation of the case of
the city before the congressional commission appointed to
investigate the fiscal relations of the District and the United
States deserves not merely the moral support of every tax
payer in the capital, but actual financial assistance.
The labor involved in collecting and digesting the data
is great and the experts employed upon it must necessarily
and properly be paid for their sen-ices.
Tn addition, other labor is required, as well as office rent
and the innumerable details of expense incident to#work of
On the other hand, however, every citizen of the District,
whether or not he is a taxpayer at present, has a direct inter
est in the outcome of this case, and it is the plain duty of
cverv one to contribute according to his means.
It is impossible for every taxpayer to be reached by per
sonal letter from the committee engaged in collecting the
fund, and as treasurer of that committee I am taking ad
?\antage of the generosity of the press to present this appeal.
Members of the Board of Trade, Chamber of Commerce,
Retail Merchants' Association, the Federation Of Citizens'
Associations and others have contributed promptly and gen
erously. There is. however, a large body of home owners
and taxpayers in the District not affiliated with any of these
organizations who should do their part, however small.
Mail your check, money order or leave your contribution
in the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce. \X>2 F street
northwest, and do it promptly.
P. T. MORAN. Treasurer. Citizens' Committee.
Names A. S. Worthington for
Committee to Represent Dis
trict at Fiscal Hearing.
LIST OF SUBCOMMITTEES
AND SUBJECTS ASSIGNED
Fnndi Needed to Complete Collec
tion of Facta for Presentation at
A_ S. Worthington has been appoint
ed by the board of directors of the
District Bar Association to represent
that organization on the Joint citizens'
committee In preparing and present
ing facta concerning the fiscal rela
tion* between the District and the gov
ernment of the United States to the
joint select committee appointed by
Congress to consider such fiscal rela
This announcement was sent to
Henry B F. Maefarland. chairman of
the Joint citizens* committee, by Wil
liam Meyer Lewln. president of the
bar association, and Mr. Maefarland at
once enrolled Mr. Worthington as a
member of the committee and notified
him that the next meeting will be held
In Ifr. Macfarlmnd's office In the Evans
building Tuesday evening.
Mr. Worthington has pledged that he
will devote all the time necessary to
this work for the benefit of Washing
ton, and says he consldera it an honor
thus to serve the Interests of the Na
Hr. Maefarland Gratified.
Mr. Maefarland said: "As a member of
the Bar Association I am glad to see It
taking its part in this all-Important
civic taak. Naturally I am also highly
gratified to have as its representative
in the Joint citizens' committee Col. A. 8.
Worthington, and to learn that he Is
effort as any of us. I have, therefore,
prepared to give as much time and
appointed him an additional member of
the executive committee, so as to util
ize as fully as possible his valuable
services In the preparation of the brief
before the 1st of August, and in the ap
pearance before the joint select com
mittee at the oral hearings on or after I
tlie lath of September next."
The other members of the executive
ommlttse hne Theodore W. No res, Cor
coran Thorn, D. J. Callahan and E. F.
Personnel of Subcommittees.
Ths members of the sutyommlt tees
reporting to the executive committee
?re as follows
Historical facts? Chapln Brown,
chairman; John B. I,arner, H H. Glas
?le. William M<-K Clayton. William E
Fowler, a 1-eftwlch Sinclair, Charles
Financial facts?Cap*. James F. Ovs
'?r. chairman; George Tniesdell. John
Joy Edson. William T. Galllher, M A
l.eese. D. A .Edwards
Statistical facts?Edward C. Gra
ham. chairman. Albert Schultels, Isaac
Gans, E. R. S. Embrey, J. G. McGrath
Charles J Columbus.
Assessment and taxation?John Jov
Kdaon, chairman; Floyd E. Davis
Harry J,. Rust. Benjamin F. Guy,
Frank P. Reeside, Cuno H. Rudolph,
John L. Weaver, H. Rozier Dulaney,
Additional meetings of these sub
committees will be held this week, be
ginning with a meeting of the com
mittee on financial facts, at the head
quarters of the joint citizens' commit
tee, room 812 Evans building, tomor
A. M. Fisher, statistical expert, en
gaged by the executive committee to
assist all the committees, has had con
ferences with the chairmen and mem
bers of the committees separately and
will meet the committees collectively
from time to time.
Subscriptions in small amounts are
coming in steadily in response to the
appeals made by the different subcom
mittees on finance appointed by the
presidents of the civic organizations
represented in the joint citizens' com
mittee to canvass their respective or
ganizations. Some subscriptions for
small amounts also have come from
citizens not members of any of the or
ganizations. The executive committee
would like to know at the earliest pos
sible day how much money it can count
on, and therefore requests that all citi
zens, whether members of the civic or
ganizations or not, will at once send
in their subscriptions.
Board of Trade Committee's Report.
More than $400 has been raised by the
special committee of the Board of Trade
engaged in soliciting funds tn connection
with the preparation and presentation of
the District's case. This amount of money
has been received from members of the
Beard of Trade, the individual subscrip
tions ranging from $1 to $10. Most of
the money has been raised as the result
of circular letters mailed to the members,
and very little personal solicitation has as
yet been done.
"We are more desirous of small con
tributions of from $1 to $5 than of the
ten-dollar subscriptions," said Charles
F. Crane, chairman of the committee,
last night. "I believe every member
of the board will feel it a great privi
lege to contribute to this very im
portant work. A great many have
signified a desire to contribute more
if we wanted them to, but we'believe
the purpose to make it a popular sub
scription is the right thing and we are
going to work along those lines."
TO FAME BED CROSS BEDS.
American Benefactors of Belgian
Belief to Be Honored.
American benefactors of the Belgian'
! Red Cross who subscribe for hospital
1 beds are to hvae their names inscribed
on such hospital equipment, according
I to a cable message received by Mme.
Depage, wife of the head of the Bel
gian field hospital service in Belgium
and also surgeon to King Albert.
Mme. Depage also received a letter
from Queen Elizabeth, who expresses
appreciation of what Americans have
already done in Belgium, and adds.
"I feel very sure that we shall soon
have still a new debt of thanks to add
to the gratitude we owe the United
Mme. Depage is touring the United
Rtates in the Interest of the Belgian
Red Cross work. A single bed costs its
donor $30, she said, while $1,000 will
#?quip a ward, and $20,000 a complete
hospital unit of 100 beds, supplies
and medical staff.
Declines to Make Phone Speech.
President Wilson declined yesterday
to make a speech over the telephone to
members of the St. Paul Traffic Club,
because he couldn't "make a good long
distance speech " He had promised to
address the club In case he went to
San Francisco this month, and yester
day Gov. Hammond of Minnesota called
, to 8Ug?est the telephone talk.
Modern Family Physician
BOOKS TO BK PKOUD OF
?C O U F> O N
TUT a CC An OPT ill sU
?*** 98c THIS $5.00 SET 4*
Manly ell* this Cmpoi mm* >mrat it wttk I
The Evening Star, 11th Street and P<
?ilJihw w il^ Oat of
MEMBERS OF U. S. ARMY RESERVE NOW IN WASHINGTON AND THEIR HOST.
Members of Force, Numbering
Nine Men, Assembled Here
by Mr. Gardner.
HIS GUESTS AT DINNER
AT NEW WILLARD HOTEL
Massachusetts Congressman Makes
an Address in Which He Scores
the Present Administration.
The reserve army of the United
States, mobilized at the call of Repre
sentative A. P. Gardner of Massachu
setts, spent yesterday in the National
Capital. Nine men, a majority of the
entire reserve force of the country,
which numbers sixteen in all, answer
ed the roll call. It has taken three
years to bring the reserves of the
United States up to their present
At a banquet given the reserve army
at the New Willard Hotel last night
by Mr. Gardner the reservists gave
their own opinions as to why the army
reserve, provided for by law. remains
today almost microscopic in size. Mr.
Gardner, who- presided, made a brief
address of welcome and then proceed
ed to pay his respects to the present
administration, charging that it was
absolutely Indifferent to the need of
strengthening the defenses of the na
Mr. Gardner's Address.
He said, In part:
"December 18. 1H4. before the com
mittee on naval affairs, I made this
During the last three days we have
been having the truth and nothing but
S. the truth ln (food plain
language. Capt. Hobson w^?*s you to
get some more of It. because the evl
5 .*? y Capt' Yates Stirling
oil Assistant Secretary Franklin
Roosevelt and Admiral Bradley Flske
H?^umarl5fd the be?lnn'ng of the. end
of the policy of soporific silence
'Bradley Flske talked to you yester
day, and I admire his courage. I ad
mire the courage of Franklin Roose
velt, and I admire the courage of
Stirling, and I admire the cour
Secretary Garrison. All I hope
is that they have not Interfered with
their own prospects.'
"Admiral Bradley Fiske has paid the
penalty for his courageous outspoken
ness, and now mark the others as they
follow him down the plank
"Yates Stirling Is likely "to be the
next. He is the man who called the
attention of the department to the rot
ten condition of the submarine flotills
otu th.e A,tJa?tl?. fleet He ,s the man I
who testified that out of twelve sub
marines under his command, outside
of the Canal Zone, only one could take
part ln the maneuvers when the order
came to mobilize last November.
Commander Stirling Rebuked.
"I state It as a fact that on Decem
ber 9. 1914, Josephus Daniels. Secre
tary of the Navy, administered a sting
ing rebuke to Commander Stirling be
cause he called the attention of the
Navy Department to the neglected
policy adopted toward the submarine
flotilla, and I challenge the said Jo
se.'?t_us Daniels to publish the letter
i The sinking of the K-4 is a grue
some comment on Secretary Daniels
policy of peaceful persuasion and pre
I preparedness. The loss of life
. F~t i8 due to Secretary Daniels'
| neglect of our submarines, although 1
?nrifi 8,y..that an Inquiry will reveal
to his satisfaction the fact that It was
drunker^ officer* ^
Secreta^r Daniels ?*? a^Td"
visers Admiral Blue and Capt Winter
halter. Judging by their testimony when
he sent them before the naval afTairs
committee this year, they are already of
his opinion as to naval matters.
Example of Commander-in-Chief.
"After all. why should we blame Sec
retary Daniels for following the example
which Is set him by the commander-in
| chief. When the Rev. Wackford Squeers
headmaster of Dotheboys Hall, belabored
Smike, Master Squeers followed suit J
have awaited this occasion to reveal an
occurrence which took place a year ago
but owing to the reticence of all concerned
Ah!^? ? er been ,old un,il <hl? minute.
?hear aBO' ,n ,he mind? of many
people there was serious danger of In
ternational trouble In the Pacific ocean
At that time a joint board com
posed of the highest army officers and
t? "a.vy offlcerB was In exist
er?OB. It mot together to consider >
mITcv ?Thl' J? J" dore ,n an ?'r
irency. The members of the board
before the President wVth T ecom
???*}"?" ?h?t certain precautions
Pre?irtl?. "d,ateIy bc taken. The
President gasped with anger at the ef
these distinguished officers
m?e? rily^forbad*> the board to
i V ,hi8 statement of mine
Is denied. I challenge the Prerldenf in
permit a public Investigation."
Talks by Reservists.
Mr. Gardner called upon each mem
ber of the reserve army present for a
speech, asking them to state what he
considered the trouble which was re
sponsible for the failure of soldiers
leaving the army to enlist In the re
serve. The talks by the reservists de
veloped the following reasons:
1. The army reserve Is not greater
because the fact that there Is a reserve
the men w?T* Ninety per cent of
tne men who are former soldiers and
who would be qualified for enlistment
in the reserves have never heard that
such an organization exists.
ar.^0r?l>1"..,1,"ch,rlres from the ?rmy
are a handicap to men seeking em
ployment In civil life. It was In
(uisi itai i&& fi-aouutn jua. ^
CHARLES SEIKERT, WIM.IAM BORISKIN. THOMAS KF.M.Y. ISSEA SOHJI, MORRIS KLAIF, A NTHOXT SCHETTIXO, HUGO I.. ANDERSON, MORRIS
BORKIN, JrtHX CAHAMA LI AND REPRESENTAT IVK A. P. GARDNER.
want it known that they had been in
the service, and that they did not care
to join the reserves for the reason
that it would bring out the fact they
had been in the army before.
Thomas Kelly, who had served in tho
infantry cavalry and coast artillery,
was the first reservist to speak.
?"Any old soldier will tell you," said
Mr. Kelly, "that it you go out looking:
for a job with your discharge from the
army in your hand you'll draw a blank.
I \e tried it. The employers seem to
he prejudiced against soldiers. I was
turned away time after time when I
to look for work when I told
them I had been in the service.
"How can you expect civil emplovers
to honor the uniform when the govern
ment itself doesn't? There are thou
sands of positions in the government
service of all kinds vacant every year,
out the men who have served in the
army don't get a show for them."
Fail to Get Fair Deal.
Charles Neukert, formerly in the Hos
pital Corps, agreed with Mr. Kelly that
ex-soldiers were not given a fair deal.
He is a professional nurse now, but he
said that the three years of training he
had received in the army in nursing
had not aided him at all in getting the
n?r1tKtf< repisier a.a Professional nurse.
mor?J f at if tho term of enlist
^ !" the ,a"ny were cut down to one
hav? a good effect," said
Neukert. tor the reason that many
.voung men who now would not con
R for three years would
go into the army. After a year of tratn
ing they would be discharged and could
go into the reserve."
Approves Short-Term Enlistment.
Issea Sohn, who served in the coast
artillery, agreed that a short-term en
listment would be a good thing for
the army. He declared that a year
would be sufficient training, with the
discharged soldiers going into the re
serves where they should be called to
the colors for two weeks of training
every year. He spoke, too, of the diffi
culty a man who has served in the
army experiences in getting employ
ment after his discharge.
It isn't because there are not good
men in the army," said Mr. Sohn. "The
men in the army are good men, and
they are better men when they come
into ?lt army than when they go
Expresses Dissenting View.
Morris Klaif, who served In the in
fantry three years, said that he did not
agree with his comrades that one year
enlistment would be sufficient to train
"I have forgotten a lot about han
dling a gun already," he said. "And
it is not the fault entirely of the em
ployers that ex-soldiers don't get jobs
easier than they do. There are hoboes
in the army just as there are outside,
and they give the army a bad name.
The government ought to be more
careful in recruiting, not to take ho
boes. Then civilians would think bet
ter of the men who come out of the
Mr. Klalf said he had spoken to a
sergeant before one of the recruiting
stations in New York about the reserve
and the sergeant had advised against
Joining the reserves.
"That was because they want men
to re-enlist in the active army and not
go Into the reserve," he said."
Beasons for Joining Reserves.
Questioned as to their reasons for
going Into the reserve the members
present declared that if a war broke
out they felt they would want to go
into the army again, and that they
much preferred to go into a trained
"outfit," such as the reserve would be,
than to go into a volunteer organiza
tion. The law providing for the army
a reservist ?5 a month
pa> for the tlrst year he has been in
iLc*nnH!lerVe- a month pay for ,,
second year and $2 a month for the
third year, etc., to be paid only in case
h* is called into active service in time
? ,u'*r?r threatened war. In no case
Thl one man to exceed $300.
The reservists all said that they had
not considered the money feature of
proposition in joining the reserve
reservists reached Washington
arm'v t .ye8terday af<ernoon. An
army of photographers an.l newspaper
r exceeding in numbers the re
?r. n T> ,net them at the '""'on sta
Representative Gardner was on
hand to welcome his guests.
Roll call showed nine of the sixteen
members of the reserve armv present
Just enough for a base ball team
Veuke?n""Here!" were CharlTs
jjeukert. William Boriskin, Thomas
Kelly, Morris Klaif, Anthony Schettino
Hugo L. Anderspn, Morris Borkin Is
sea Sohn and John Caramali. The ab
sentees were William J. Williams and
Joseph Strum both of San Kran.-isco
I^eonard Neal of Indianapolis. Victor
Vegas Porto Rico; Claud C. Card, PaS
pac, Pa.: John O. Kylen. New York
and Williatn Schweigert. Brooklyn.
Four Companies Formed.
Divided Into four companies of two
men each, with the odd man acting as
bw.JeaI KUar<1, the army marched
briskly down the platform into an an.
bush of cameras, three moving-picture
machines raking them heavily from
the flanks and a battery of instantane
?rU",Ci'C.kr?fu8',Iadin<f them from the
went fnr ? *ront- Then the reservists
mobfles ?Ur ?f the c,ty in aut<>
>:ir" waB Inspected and
? ?!?? ? ? an<3 Mr- Gardner recalled
that it was burned by the British in
Ihf war .?' through the fact that
the country then, as now had no adn
guate forces to defend it. Then they
. i the White House, of which
an exterior glimpse was obtained the
visitors refraining from paying th-ir
respects to the President, their com
mander-in-chief. A stop, however
was made at the War Department but
Secretary Garrison was reported to be
the aermy S? Unable to erect
An inspection of Arlington, the na
tional cemetery. Impressed on the vis
itors the fact that the nation has more
dead aoldlers than living ones, and this
Impression they carried with them on
a run through Rock Creek Park and
tloifal cZhT"g aeCUOna of th?
"Voting by Mail" Bill Passei.
DES MOINES, Iowa, April 10.?The
town senate this afternoon passed the
Klinker bill, which provides that ab
sent voters may send their ballots to
their home precincts by mail. The bill
has passed the hot^e and now goes to
UM ? in tow Pi&oalurci :
VIENNA, April 10 (via London):
In the wooded mountains to the east
of Uzsok pass severe fighting opened
yesterday. German troops captured
a height to the north of Tucholka,
which, sin<-e April 5, had been hotly
contested and stubbornly defended
by the Russians. One colonel and
more than 1,000 men were captured
and fifteen machine guns were taken.
Strong attacks against the German
and our positions in Opor valley, in
? the district of Stryj, failed, with se
vere Russian losses. Yesterday we
captured 2,1 r>0 prisoners. On the re
mainder of the front there were no
PARIS, via I/ondon, April 10:
Between the Meuse and the Moselle
we have retained all the ground
gained and have made fresh progress.
Between the Orne and the Meuse
there have been no engagements.
At I-.es Eparges the enemy has under
taken no action either with infantry
or artillery, and the day passed
quietly. The whole position is iti
our power, and statements of pris
oners emphasize the importance of
The Germans since the end of Febru
ary had in this part of the front the
entire 28d Division of Reserves.
Then, toward the end of March,
when that division was exhausted,
the 10th Active Division of the 5th
Army Corps, composed of the best
troops of their army, was brought
up. It is this division which has
just lost the veritable fortress con
structed on the spur of Des Eparges.
The troops had frequently been or
dered to hold on at all costs; they
were told that the position was of
the greatest importance, and their
general said that in order to keep it
he would sacrifice the division, or
the army corps of 100,000 men, if
The losses suffered by the Germans at
War Officially Reported.
L/ej; Eparges during the last two
months amount to 30,000 men. !
In the forest of Montmare we have j
carried another line of trenches and
repulsed a counter attack. To the I
north of Regnieviile we have con
solidated and slightly extended our
In I-orraine half a company, which
last night had rushed forward as
far as the village of Bezange la
Grande, situated between our lines
and the German lines, was surround
ed by superior forces and captured.
PETROGRAD, April 10, via London,
April 11, lt28 a.m.:
To the west of the Niemen river at
dawn Friday we attacked the Ger
man positions between Kalwarya and
iAidwlnow. and, after a stubborn
bayonet fight, captured two lines of
trenches. We took 600 prisoners,
among whom were several officers
and eight mitrailleuses.
In the Carpathians, in the direction of
Mezolaborcz, we took the offensive
from positions near Czabolocz and
dislodged the enemy from Wirawa.
At Voliamichova we captured Height
0o9, which means that the enemy has
been driven back along the whole
extent of the principal chain of the
Carpathians in the region of our
In the direction of Rostoki the enemy
received considerable reinforce
ments Thursday and made violent
counter attacks. We repulsed them
and captured a thousand prisoners,
including twenty officers. Our of
fensive from the line Nijnia-Des
the south continues, notwithstanding
the excessively difficult local condi
Forcing their way through snow more
than seven feet deep, our troops at
several points approached within
four miles of the Uzsok valley. Near
Rosochacz and Rozanka the enemy
made two attacks which were
There is no important change in other
sectors of our front.
BELGIAN RELIEF SHIP IS SUNK;
26 OF CREW THOUGHT DROWNED
\ ROTTERDAM, April 10, via London,
April 11, 1:45 a.m.?The British steam
ier Harpalyce, the first relief boat of
New York state and under charter to
the commission for relief in Belgium,
has either been torpedoed or sunk by
a mine in the North sea.
The Dutch steamer Elisabeth, on its
voyage from Rotterdam for New York,
picked up twenty-two of the crew of
the Harpalyce, seven miles northeast
of Noordhinder lightship, and brought
them back to Rotterdam. The Dutch
steamer Constance Catherina picked
up five men and took them to Nieuwe
Waterweg. The steamer carried a
| crew of fifty-three men, twenty-six of
whom, it is feared, have been drowned.
Those rescued by the Elisabeth in
cluded the second mate and the second
engineer, the latter in a wounded con
The Harpalyce, under its charter to
the Belgian relief commission had a
permit securing immunity from attack.
The Harpalyce, which was of 3,691
tons, was a comparatively new steam
er, owned by J. and C. Harrison of Lon
don. She sailed from New York March
7 with more than 11,000 individual
gifts for the relief of the Belgians, and
arrived at Rotterdam March 30. It is
presumed that the Harpalyce's cargo
had been unloaded, and that she was
on her return voyage. She was com
manded by Capt. Frank Wamn, who,
prior to his departure from New York,
declared that he was not worried about
mines or submarines.
ITALY'S PRESS CITES CONDITIONS
NECESSARY FOR ENTERING WAR
ROME, via Paris, April 10.?The
Italian press has taken up the question
of the conditions under which Italy
might abandon her attitude of neu
trality and enter the war. Among the
conditions mentioned is a guarantee
for the possession of the Italian prov
inces now held by Austria, supremacy
in the Adriatic and a share in the par
tition of Turkey enabling Italy to
protect her interests in the eastern
BERLIN, April 10.?German export
ing firms have been notified by their
Italian correspondents that only such
goods as are verified by British con
sular officials as not German or Aus
trian will be permitteod to pass the
border. The Frankfurter Zeitung re
marks that this means the placing of
all neutral commerce under British po
A. B. C.
or X, Y, Z
A. B. C. stands for the Audit Bureau of Circula
tions; x, y and z are the algebraic signs for unknown
quantities. The Star believes that its advertisers are
entitled to know exactly how much and what kind of
circulation they pay for.
The circulation books, printers' bills, post ofi:ce re
ceipts and all other circulation data of The Star arc wide
open to verification and official approval by the \udit
Bureau of Circulations; when YOU buy Star circulation
you know exactly what you pay for.
Any local or out-of-town advertiser may obtai i at
The Star office a copy of the last quarterly statement,
giving the details of The Star's circulation to the Audit
Bureau of Circulations.
WEEKLY CIRCULATION STATEMENT
April 3 70,113
April 4 53.9o6
April 5 73,021
April 6 74,575
April 7 74,691
April 8 74,232
April 9 74,328
April 4 69,175
April 5; 51,098
April 6 7?>I4I
April 7 70,236
Wednesday, April 8 69,660
Thursday, April 9 70>?97
Friday, April 10 69,335
I solemnly swear that the above statement represents
only the n'umberof copies of THE EVENING AND SUNDAY
STAR circulated during tlio seven days ended April 0,
1015?that Is. the number of copies actually sold, delivered,
furnished or mailed, for valuable consideration, to bona
fide purchasers or subscribers?and that the copies so
counted are not returnable to or do not remain In the office
unsold, except in the case of Sunday papers sent to out-of
town agents, from whom a few returns of unsold papers
havo not yet been received.
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
District of Columbia, ss.: .
Subscribed and sworn to before me this tenth day or
April, A.D. 1915.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Cummins Amendment to Inter
state Commerce Act De
clared to Be Ambiguous.
RAILWAYS AND SHIPPERS
REPRESENTED AT INQUIRY
Classification of Rates and Liability
of Carriers Discussed?Date Fixed
for Filing Briefs.
Failure seemed to have marked the
all-day efforts yesterday of the inter
state commerce commission to Ret
from the railroads and shippers any
light as to just what the so-called
Cummins amendment to the interstate
commerce act really means. The act
was passed at the last session of Con
gress. When adjournment was taken
late yesterday the commission, which
has practically confessed that it was
in the dark as to the meaning of the
new legislation, found itself with a
load of information as to the railroa*!
side of the case and the shippers' sido.
but nothing in the way of a real
analysis of the act and the causes
leading to its passage, which might
help the commission to give the proper
construction of the legislation.
The railroads, while taking the stand
that the law, which does not go into
effect until June 3, gives them an au
tomatic 10 per rent increase in rates,
declare that they are unwilling to
mulct the shipping public to the ex
tent of making the increase in rates
10 per cent from June 3 next. The
attorneys for the roads In official
and western classification territories
frankly admit that they do not know
how much of an increase they should
ask for, in the light of the increased
liability placed upon them, but thev
do believe that they should have some
Increase. On that point they are united.
Request of Southern Roads.
The railroads in southern classifica
tion territory, however, are not only
settled upon the question that they
should have an increase, but they came
forward with a proposition that they
should have an increase of 5 per cent
on some commodities and 10 per cent
on others, and asked the permission of
the commission to put these rates into
effect in less than the statutory limit,
which would require them to file with
the commission tariffs containing the
increased rates May 3.
Commissioner Clark declared that
under the law he believed if the roads
Intended to increase the rates it would
be necessary to have the tarlfTs on
file thirty days in advance of their
effective date, which. In this case, if
the southern lines wanted them to take
effect with the so-called Cummins law.
would mean they would have to be
filed with the commission by May 3.
The Cummins law provides that
after June 3, 1915, it shall be unlaw
ful for the railroads to limit their
liability for loss or injury to ship
ments. At present the railroads have
one rate, which is the generally ac
cepted rate on all shipments, which
limits the liability for damages If a
shipper refuses to accept this uniform
rate and requires that the carrier
stand the full liability for loss or In
jury to a shipment, then an increase
of 10 per cent in the uniform rate is
Commissioner Clark Wants Light.
In the course of the afternoon ses
sion, when the shippers were giving
their views. Commissioner Clark ap
parently saw that the commission was
not getting views based on a study
and analysis of the law, and he frank
ly stated that he would like for some
one who had thoroughly analyzed the
legislation to tell just what the act
Ho particularly asked for light on
that part of a provision of the law
dealing with the "character" of the
shipment. He sought an explanation
from some one who had made a thor
ough analysis of the matter as to what
was meant by "character of the
goods," in that part of the law which
says "that If the goods are hidden
from view by wrapping, boxing or
other means, and the carried is not no
tified as to the character of the
goods the carrier may require the
shipper to specifically Mate in
writing the value of the goods, and
the carrier shall not be liable lievond
the amount so specifically stated, in
which case the interstate commerce
commission may establish and main
tain rates for transportation, depend
ent upon the value of the property
shipped as specifically stated in writ
ing by the shipper."
Commissioner Clark declared that the
word "character" as used there cer
tainly meant more than the common
name of the commodity shipped. On
that particular point he asked for in
formation, either in a statement or in
briefs. Both the shippers and carriers
were given until April 20 to file briefs
on the matter with the commission.
Alleged Ambiguity of Law.
The law as passed by Congress was
declared to be ambiguous in many re
spects, but Senator Cummins was ab
solved from all blame for this condi
tion, the act as passed and the bill as
introduced being declared totally dif
ferent, owing to the numerous amend
ments which were tacked to it during
its passage through the halls of Con
H. G. Wilson, respresenting the Na
tional Industrial Traffic League, de
clared that the roads were not entitled
to an increase under the new legisla
tion, taking the stand that where there
are two or more rates in effect for the
same service the lower rate must ap
ply. in accordance with a ruling of the
interstate commerce commission He
declared It to be his belief that the
carriers ought to be able to amend
their tariffs by June 3 next, and said if
they did not do so the Interstate com
merce commission had the right to
C. H. Barbour of the same league at
tacked the proposal of the southern clas
sification lines to Increase their rates on
a 5 per cent basis. Each class of traffic,
he said, should be compelled to bear its
just burden of the liability, and there
should not be a blanket Increase in rate
He asked the question whether the rates
on hats and caps, stone and gravel, etc.,
should be increased in order to meet'some
prospective liability on dressed beef
He asserted that the fair way for every
one would be for the railroads to operate
under their present tariffs for six months
and then have tho commission determine
what commodities should be forced to
bear an increase in rates.
Represents Individual Shippers.
Francis B. James, representing in
dividual shippers, declared that the
roads were not entitled to an increase
In rates, going back in his argument
to the English common law. on which
he cited a decision of Lord Mansfield
In a case in England, decided in 17Si
which put the full liability for Injury
or loss of shipment on the carrier
which in the case cited was a wagon'
He declared that the intent and ef
fect of the so-called Cummins law wag
a* if "the pen of Congress June 3 had j
passed through the parts of the bill
of lading restricting the liability of
the carrier" and cut them out. After
June 3, as before, there still will be
he said, a uniform bill of lading, but
with the restricted liability clauses
stricken out. He declared the carriers
should not be allowed to file their
tariffs on short-time notice, and he ex
pressed the hope that when the tariffs
were tiled they would be such that
they would not have to be protested
by the shippers.
O. E. Butterfleld, representing car
riers of official Classification territory. I
ieclared that the Cummins uawubMKij
should be so construed by the commis
sion that carriers might eliminate from
their present bills of lading: the clause
fixing liability for damage '<* the "m
voire price" of the shipments, but re
tniniiiK the clause giving value "at tl ?
place and time of shipment" as 11?e b;?
sis for damage claims This ? ' i
should be taken prior to June 3. ln
said. and the roads be represetite<
would then not expect any genera
freight rate increase. W ith respect t??
I've stock, household gr???dst glassware,
paintings and a number of other com
modities, rate* on which depend o?
values. Mr. Kutterfield argued there i
added liability under the Cummin
amendment, and an increase in the nor
mal rates should be permitted.
View of Western Roads.
R. R Scott, representing road* In
| western territory, expressed the hope
that the construction desired by th?
eastern roads should prevail, but satd
that rates on live stock should be in
creased and based on the actual valu*
of the stoi'k transported, with a ship
per who undervalues subject to prose
C. U Hillyer, representing shipper-*
of live stork, declared that no in
crease which would amount to more
than 2 per rent advanres m freiK'-*
rate for every increase of 1"0 per cent
in the value of the shipment could ??*
Luther M. Walter of the t'orn Kelt
Meat Products Association, produce!
statistics to show that in the last few
years the annual rlainis paid bv sev
eral western railroad, averaged froi
one to two per rent of their prop*
freight revenues. He pointed out that
insurance companies insure shipment
of live stork at 50 cents per car and
argued that the most the railroads
could expert in the way of an in
creased rate would be enough to pay
W". H. Chandler of the Boston Cham
ber of Commerre expressed the hop**
that express companies would not be
ronsidered as affected by the amend
ALASKA R. R. ROUTE
(Continued from First I'age i
to have the road constructed as a whole
or in parts by contrart. It is expected
that the commission will employ a very
small force, chiefly composed of en
gineerv. to supervise the construction. The
President h;ts directed the commission
that the few places which are to be filled
shall be filled exclusively upon th?
ground of merit and experience.
"I have received word of a threatened
stampede to Alaska this season The
work to be undertaken by the govern
ment does not Justify any such rush
The government itself will employ but
few men. and these men of a high order
of railroad engineering experience.
Little Employment Opportunity.
"I desire to advise those contemplat
ing going to Alaska that there is little
opportunity for employment in that
country at this time, and they must be
prepared in advance for their return
in the fall. We have withdrawn town
sites along this route at Ship creek.
Matanuska Junction, in Susitna valley,
one in the vicinity of Broad pass, an
other in Nenana river.
"The route adopted by the President
will open up a territory not now
served by any railroad line, and two of
the great coal fields in Alaska, one the
Matanuska field, which contains high
grade bituminous coal acceptable to the
navy, and. second, the Nenana coal,
near the Tanana river, which Is a
great body of high-grade lignite and
will servo the interior of Alaska."
Description of Route.
The description of the route, as ap
proved by the President, is as follow*:
"For a main line of railroad.
"Commencing at the town of Seward
on the westerly shore of Resurrection
bay, Alaska; thence following along
said westerly shore in a northerly di
rection to the head of said bay; thence
following up the drainage of Salmon
creek to a summit between said drain
age and the drainage of Snow river;
thence following the drainage of Snow
river to Kenai lake; thence continuing
northerly along the easterly shore of
Kenai lake, along Falls creek, along
the shores of Lower and Upper Trail
lake, and up Trail creek to a summit
in the Kenai mountains near mile 4u
from Seward; thence descending along
the drainage of Placer river to the
head of Turnagaln arm of Cook inlet
thence following the northeasterly
shore of said Turnagain arm and
crossing Portage creek and Twenty
mile river to the mouth of Kern creek
near mile 71 from Seward; thence in a
northwesterly direction along the shore
of Turnagain arm to near the mouth
of Bier Rabbit creek: thence leaving
Turnafiain arm and running northeil*
to a summit In section I!**, township 14
north, range *s west. Seward meridian
thence running northeasterly to nea
the head of Knik arm of Cook inlet
thence running northerly across th*
fiat*? at the head of said arm and
crossinu Knik and Matanuska rivei?
to a point about two miles north of the
Matanuska river; thence running ir *
westerly and northwesterly dlrertioo
crossing the little Susitna river a d
following along the ?out h w esterI ?
slopes of Bald mountain to Willow
creek, a tributary, of the Susitna rive*
thence in a northerly direction follow
ing the drainage of the Susitna and
Chulitna rivers to Broad pass, situated
in the main Alaska range of moun
tains; thence crossing Broad pass and
entering the drainage of the Nenan;?
river; thence continuing northward
following the drainage of the Nenai. ?
river to the Tanana river, the total di
tance from Seward being 41?? miles
more or less
"Also starting from a point on tb*
above described lire, situated two mile*
more or less northerly from where sa:
line crosses the Matanuska river, ai
thence running in an easterly directioi
following the drainage of said Mats
nuska river and its tributaries, a dis
tance of thirty-eight miles more or less
to the Matanuska coal fields. '
DESPERADO SHOT TO DEATH.
Negro Heavily Armed. Wanted for
Robbery, Treed by Bloodhounds.
PINEWOOD. S. n. April 10 ?J. -
Green, a negro desperado, was shot
death by a posse tcdav after he ha
been treed in a swamp near here i >
bloodhounds. He seriously wounded J
C. Bobbins, state penitentiary guard, in
an encounter with his pursuers.
Green was wanted on a charge of rob
bery. The posse, headed by Bobbins, lo
cated him in a swamp late yesterday. b,.t
after a battle in which the negro killed
two bloodhounds, he temporarily es
caped. He was armed with a shotgun,
two pistols and a knife, and wore a steel
breast plate when he was shot. Bobbins
was taken to a Columbia hospital.
MIDSHIPMEN GIVE DANCE.
Annual Easter Hop Enjoyed by An
napolis Folk and Visitors.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., April 10 ?The an
nual Easter dance given by the reg1
ment of midshipmen took place in the
gymnasium at the naval academy to
night, and, as usual, was marked by
a large attendance of town girls, a
number of them being from Baltimore
land Washington. It was the first
! function of the kind since the midlent
The guests at tonight's ball were re
ceived by Mrs. Hines, wife of Comman
der John F. Hines, assisted by Midship
man R. M. Fortson.
Tike LAXvfiv* -bS?'' One n.v
uBf " o.