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CUNARO Established 1K40 EUROPE via LIVERPOOL Ordiina. Tties., May 18, 10 a.m. Tuscania, Fri.. May 21. 5 p.m. Transylvania. Fri.. June 4. 5 p.m. MAURETAXIA.Sat..J'ei2.ioa.m. Orduna, Fri.. Tune 18. 5 p.m. Transylvania. Fri.. Tulv 2, 5 p.m. MAURETAXTA.Sat.J'yio.ioa.m. Orduna, Fri., July 10>. 5 p.m. Transylvania. Fri.. July ,?o, 5 p.m. M AUR ETANT A .Sat., Att.7,10 a.m. ROUND THE WORLD TOUR?' Through bookings to all principal Ports of the World. COMPANY'S OFFICE. 21 2* STATE ST.. N. T. GEO. W. MOSS. 617 14th st. n.w.. Wash.. D. C. I Compagnie Ornrralc Tmnsatlantique POSTAL PEEVri E. KOCHAMBF.AU Mav 15. 3 pjn. NIAGARA May 22, 3 p.m. CHICAGO May 29. 3 p.m. KSPAGN'K. June 5. 3 p.m. FOR INFORMATION APPLY Company's Office,19 State St.,N.Y. Or r. O. WEITOIAX. 1*1!? Nc? York are.. Washington. ; FA BR"E LINES 12 HOI RS FROM PARIS. 1 VIA NAPLES AND MARSEILLES. BANT* ANNA June .1 | PATRIA inewl.June Z\ Tla Azores, Lisbon, Barcelona. Marseilles. ROMA Jure 15! KnMA Aug. S Jas. w. Elwell A Co.. G. A.. 17 State St.. N. T. American Line American Steamers Under the American Flag CABIN AND SM CI>ASS PASSENGERS ONLY. New York?Liverpool. FT. LOriS Mar l."? ST. PA 1*1 Mar 22 White Star Lnnne New York?Liverpool. ?CYMRIC' . . . ..Mar U' ?ARABIC* May 19 ! ?CABIN AND 3rd CLASS PASSENGERS ONLY. 1 N. Y. *Boston. Azores. Gibraltar. Italy. CRETIC June :: lUNOPIC June 15 ?From Ronton next flay. Company's offl.-e. 13?K? F st. n.w. R. M. HICKS. Passenger Agent. Potomac River Landings AND BALTIMORE. Steamers leave 7th ft. wharf for Baltimore and river points Monday. Wednesday and Saturday. 4 p-m.: arrive Baltimore second morning out. Lear a Baltimore, pier 3. Light st.. Monday. Wednesday and Saturday. 5 p.m.: arrive Washington second morning out. River freight prepaid. Passenget service first-class. Freight received until 3:*J p.m. on sailing da vs. JOS. P. STF.PITENSON. Agent. Maryland. Delaware and Virginia Rwv. Co.. Telephone Main 745. 7th st. Wharf. MERCHANTS AND MINERS' TRANS. CoTlj VACATION TRIPS ?BY SEA." BALTIMORE TO BOSTON and return SAVANNAH and return $2fl L*0 JACKSONVILLE and rernra $35 Oo Including meal* and stateroom areominoda tlons. Through tickets to all p-'ints. Fins steamers >?*rvice. Stateriorus de luxe. Baths. Wireless teleirrap::. Automo biles carried. Send f<*r !??^klet. B. & O. R. R. Co. offices an<i 517 14th st. n.w. W. P. TURNER. G. P. A.. Baltimore. Md. * ATLANTIC FLEET of I % BATTLESHIPS HAMPTON ROAD? K DAILY SEKVICE TO f. NORFOLK AND OLD i POINT COMFORT Jj: SPECIAL TICKETS. INCLTDING STATE ijt ROOM AND ACCOMMODATIONS \T g CHAMBERLIN HOTEL Friday to Sunday J . ik Saturday t?> Monday <> * - & Friday to Monday \ r> Saturday to Tuesday ? Friday to Tuesday 17.00 ^ Saturday to Wednesday 1 S.'.HJ if Literature at City Ticket Office. 731 15th sr. n.w. ? Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co. *r & NOTICE! TRAVELLERS intending to embark on the Atlantic voyage are reminded that a state of war exist? between Germany and her allies and Great Britain and her allies: that the zone of war includes the waters adia-?i cent to the British Isles: that, in accordance with formal no tice given by the Imperial Ger man Government, vessels fly ing the flag of Great Britain, or of an}- of her allies, are liable to destructipn in those waters and that travellers sailing in the war zone on ships of Great Britain or her allies do so at their own risk. IMPERIAL GERMAN EMBASSY. ! WASHINGTON. APRIL 22. 1915. 1 BARBADOS. BAHIA ! h Lr IilO DE JANEIRO. SANTOS ! MONTEVIDEO & BUENOS A TREK Lamport & Holt Line r r.ew ar.d iera ilUS F-eqaent calling* from New York by r.ew ar.d fast n2.fi<jO-ton? pa-K-nger steamers kit SK 6 DANIELS. <;?-o Agts., 8 Bro??dwav. N. Y. n M. HICKS. :V* F fan* ? r. D.w . or I/^-a; AgT*. Largest. Flaeat and Fastest Tesels tm SOCTH A EAST AFRICA "v IH18 CKITLi Ull 6ANDEK>0\ A SON. Oo. Pas a. Agta. 3C. Broadway. N. V Or Ac? S'eamsh'j* Ti-ket Agent. NEW ZEALAND! AUSTRALIA Via HONOLTLC AND SCVA. Pals'la! J'a^enger Steamer* ?'NIAGARA." 20.cy?0 tons displacement "MAKCHA." 13.??00 tons 'llwpla'?-ment failing ' *erv 'la.T- from Vancouver. B. O. j Apply Cjinad an Pa'if!c Hullwav, 1419 New Tork ive.. Washington I> c . or to t e Canadian Aus tralaslsn Royal Mail Line. 440 Seymour at , Vazw fo?ver. B. C. What Is a Telemeter1? From Pearson's Weekly. War has been brought to a fine art nowadays!. Years hko gunners had to guess the distance of the object they were firing at, but now the range Is found to within a yard or two by an Ingenious Instrument called a teleme ter. or range-flnder. At each end of the horizontal tube Is a mirror which reflects the obje'% which Is being observed to the center of the tube. Of course, the soldier getting the range sees two pictures of th?? things he Is looking at. One of the mirrors Is movable, however, and by turning a ?crew the two pictures are made to coincide and look like one. The turning of the screw moves little pointer along a graduated scale. When the two pictures seen through Ihe telemeter coincide. Its pointe Ihowi the exact distance of the object In yards, or In kilometer* ULTRY Doas and Pet Stock. EGGS ? Rarrc-d Plymouth Rorks; Thompson s | Kinglets; finest on earth; $1 setting; $5 hun- [ dred; broody hens; laving hens, $1. Louis Slmpklns, 2811 Central are., Woodridge. L>. C. J l'hon? North 3980-W. 10* FIVE WHITE LEiiHOUN PI'LLETS?Fine lay- I ers. $.".00. 6410 Georgia ave. 10* 1 SIX BANTAM hens and cocks. ,r*> cents each, j Phone Bethesda 15-F. 10* BUFF ORI'INUTON EGGS for hatching; Cook strain; broody hens, laying hens and baby chicks; reasonable. S. I^ewi*. 28^9 Central ave.. Woodridge, T>. G. 10* BABY OUKKS from select stock with high egg record. O. E. Entwlsle, 15lO W st. F.e. (Ana costia?. L. SOI from 8 a.m. t<> 5 p.m., L. 3213 after 6 p.m. PERSIAN KITTENS - Snow white; three months old; male and female; pedigreed; very tine. M. 3877, /THE WORLDS GREATEST A WINNER 5 AND LAYERS-1 1 EGGS FOR HATCHING ft SEND /OR CIRCULAR I _ NAT.CAP WHITE RUNNER DUCK FARM.WASH OX V gENGLE-OOMB WHITE LEGHORNS; I). W. Young and Irving F. Rice strain; 15 eggs, $1.00; $6.<?0 per hundred. Tlios. C. Pollock, 1614 W fit. s.e. Phone Line. Irt70. PKI>IGREKI> AIRKI>A1.E terrier pups, renson able. Robert Curran, Ro<-k Creek Farms. Phone Kensington .">0. __**? J. A. FALCONER SUED FOR $10,000 DAMAGES T. J. Hurst, Street Car Conductor, Alleges Congressman Assaulted Him?Other Suits. Thomas J. Hurst, a conductor In the employ of the Capital Traction Com pany, has filed suit to recover $10,000 damage? for alleged assault against J. Alexander Falconer, representative from Washington. Through Attorney M. E. O'Brien, the conductor says 1.1 r. Falcoror attacked him May 9, 1914, and inflicted severe injuries to his face and head. The altercation, ac cording to Attorney O'Brien, occurred on a oar, when the conductor declined to accept a transfer tendered by Mr. Falconer, which the conductor claimed had expired. Frederick D. Riley hap brought suit against William A. Simpson to re cover $15,000 damages for alleged per sonal injury. The plaintiff declares that July 6 last, while he was riding a motor cycle on the Gaithersburg and Darnesville road in Maryland, a motor truck of the defendant collided with him. He sustained serious internal and external injuries, he asserts. At torneys J. Dawson Williams and Julian W. Whiting appear for the plaintiff. Gloria Boaz has filed suit to recover $300 from George I). Horning. The amount is said to be the value of a dia mond ring which the plaintiff declares she lost, and which she asserts has since come into the possession of the defendant. The plaintiff Is represented by Attorneys Fred B. Rhodes and Chap man W. Maupin. Aldrich Estate Goes to Family. WARWICK, R. I., May 8.?The entire estate of the late Nelson W. Aldrich, for thirty years Fnited States senator from Rhode Island, is left to the family by his will, which has been filed for probate. The value of the property is not given. The will requests that his Warwick Neck estate be retained by the family always. Prodigal Sons of Rome. From the Philadelphia Public Ledger. As money-burners the scions of cer tain families of ancient Rome appear to have been able to teach a few tricks to the jeunesse doree of our own age. Prof. Cobern, lately a co- worker with j Dr. Petrle in Egypt, informs a Phila- i delphia audience that one plutocrat of the Augustan age or the consularship of Plancus ran through $90,000,000 a year, and another spent $12,000,000 decorating his mansion. And Nero, for ever held up to obloquy in the pages of Suetonius, had one redeeming trait?he was not, in today's common parlance, a "tightwad." He once invested $175, 000 in roses brought from Egypt to adorn his banquet table. His death, at the age of thirty, deprived the world of a superspendthrift. Cato complained in the senate that a jar of preserved fish, imported from the Black sea, cost more than a yoke of oxen. A jar of Falernian wine cost $20. No wonder the feasts of Lucullus were expensive. There might well be mut terings in the army when the Roman soldiers brought back costly loot of foreign lands, enriched his masters with silver plate and golden images and got 10 cents a day for his pains. In the palmy days of Rome the graft er flourished unrebuked. The pluto crats were not compelled to account for their gains. It was the timorous leth argy and the unorganization of public opinion that made the enormities of Nero. Caligula and Domitian possible, and that have since their time fastened the evils of ring rule on cities and na tions. Quilting Time. From the Eransrille find.) Courier. Probably we don't have much of it in the cities any more, perhaps there never waa much of it done in the cities, but out In the country and iri the hamlets and villages and towns quilt ing time used to be an occasion of mer riment combined with utility; it was in the early home what the log-rolling was outside; it had its place and pres tige along with the sugar-making, with the husking bees and the apple cut tings, the comfort knittings and a lot of other happy functions of an earlier day. Today we buy our comforts and our quilts and our sugar and practically everything we use; we have our corn husked In the fields either by hired hands or machinery; we live in a hur rying, labor-saving age, and maybe we have sacrificed much of quality for quantity, value for something esteemed more pleasing to our esthetic senses. But the old-fashioned quilt, which would withstand the kicking of lusty young savages in the attic bedroom for at least a year, was some quilt. Mother and aunts, sisters and nieces, neighbors and friends came in to help make it; the home became a social cen ter, where quilts were made and per haps where some little gossip at the expense of absent ladies was indulged in. Usually, at such times, there was something good to eat, rather better than the ordinary bill of fare, prepared --and that's where the kids came In for a good time, though often they had to wait, like T.azarus, at the gate, or floor, until their superiors had feasted, when they fell to and left not even crumbs. Quilting time was always a fine time; perhaps the snowflakes were flying, but usually the work was done along about the time the bees were buzzing and the flowers were in bloom, with the sun beams flashing from the flying needles. I Tung Oil. j From the Engineering Mazarine. ! Among the oils which may be added I to. or used as substitutes for linseed, in paints, perhaps tung or China wood oil j is the most important. When properly j boiled and treated It yields a film i which Is hard and elastic, with heavy ? body and high gloss. One great ad } vantage of this oil is that it forms paints which will dry In damp atmos pheres. It has long been used by the i Chinese and Japanese, and Is finding wide use for marine arid waterproof paints, and there is no apparent rea son why it should not be used more extensively for protective paints for iron and steel. A German paper manufacturing plant to utilize rice straw is being erected In China by Japanese. | TAKING A FAMILY J BACK TO THE SOIL | I Being the Experiences of a Gov- i ernment Clerk Who Sets Out j to Lower the High Cost of i Living. j Sunny Knoll Is to consist of eighteen acres, instead of eight. We have closed a deal for the purchase of the ten acres adjoining, doubt- as to the wisdom of buying which has caused us so many anxious days and sleepless nights. We are not, 1 think, any better con vinced than we were in the beginning of the wisdom of tlie transaction, but we decided to take the plunge and let time determine whether we were wise or foolish. The one point upon which we satisfied ourselves was that we had to buy now or lose the opportunity. The owner of the land was about to begin clearing and improving it, with a view to adding tt lo his own farm. Once he had done that, it would not have been for sale. When the owner of the land first advanced (his proposition we thought he was bluffing, and were not inclined to take him seriously, but talks with neighbors disabused our minds of this notion. He is not. they told us, the kind of ;? man who says one thing and means another, and when he put two men at work cutting off the timber and getting out posts to fence in the tract we decided it was time to act. Makes Price Concession. Bven at that, we found he was not as adamant as he had been represented to be. He had offered to sell for $75 an acre, declared he would not take less, and expressed entire indifference wheth er any one was found willing to pay the price. He had come into the property Aw it In cleared 1*11 have gran* need mowb. by Inheritance, didn't need it particu larly, he said, b,ut could make it earn) interest on $750 by adding it to his al ready rather extensive farm. When I offered him $50 an acre he I laughed at me, but finally said he ' would take the offer under considera tion. His consideration and mine?j mine and Jane's?finally resulted in a splitting of the difference. We are to pay $62.50 an acre, or $625 for the ten acre piece. We know, without any one taking the trouble to tell us, that we are get ting "stung" on the price. Rut we know that we want the land, and we believe that as the years go by we will be satisfied that we have acted wisely. As an agricultural business proposi tion, now or in the immediate future, there is no basis upon which payment of $62.50 an acre for this land could be justified. But, as an addition to the home where we expect to spend the rest of our lives, there are a lot of things which enter into the reckoning besides the amount of interest we can earn this year or next year on the in vestment. Looking to the Future. The one consideration above all oth ers that impelled us to take the step was that we are looking forward to a day when I can give up office work and make a living from the soil. There are no doubt schemes of intensive agri culture which would make that possi ble on eight acres of land, but it will be much more easily possible, and much more safely possible, on eighteen acres. More than that, T am satisfied that within my lifetime the land for which we are paying $62.50 an acre will be worth $L'00 or $300 an acre and that there will be an eager demand for it at the higher price. All students of the subject agree that agriculture in America is on the thresh- j old of a development the like of which ! the world never before has known. Never before in this or any other coun try was such a combination of science > and money and devoted enthusiasts en-| When I ottered him JK.V> an acre he laughed at me. gaged In a study of the soil and its possibilities. Never before did the American farmer have ho certain arid so profitable a market as the tremen dous increase in population is assur ing him. Not only does each passing year see millions added to the popula tion, but each year a larger and larger percentage of the population is to be found in cities?consumers, but not producers of farm products. This in creasing population has got to be fed, and there is no more virgin land worth' mentioning to which it may look for food. Yields Must Be Increased. The increased supply has got to come through increasing the yield of the i land already under cultivation, and it is to this end that science and money, and devoted enthusiasts are bending every energy. Not only is it true that the farmer never before had so much, done for him, but It is true that never! before in the history of the world did government and far-seeing capital ever combine in swh a gigantic effort to put money In the pockets of any class of workers. The farmer who doesn't better iiis condition year by year is too ignorant or too lazy or too contrary to profit by all that Is being done for him. A lot of people judge the work of the Department of Agriculture by the an nual farce of free seed distribution. These people are uninformed and un fortunate. The Department of Agrleul ture each year Is putting: scores of mil lions of dollars into the pockets of American farmers, and at the same time is benefiting every man who works in office or store or factory by insur ing him a more abundant, more varied and cheaper food supply. People who see the price of foodstuffs constantly going higher may be inclined to dis pute this statement, but students of economics agree that it is true. W ork of the agricultural experts has brought about an actual reduction in the price of a good many commodities, and in others their efforts have prevented prices from being a good deal higher than they are. Benefit a General One. It stands to reason that if the av erage yield per acre of potatoes and of wheat and of corn are increased; that if feeding experiments result in a re duction of a cent a pound in the cost of producing beef or pork; that if eradication of the fever tick makes it possible to raise beef and dairy cattle in half a dozen additional states; that if control of the boll weevil pest saves scores of millions of acres of cotton from destruction, the ultimate consum er is going to share in the benefit. The farmer Is benefited first, of course, and after him come the farmer s ? banker and the manufacturers of and ; dealers in the goods he buys, but eventually the benefit spreads out un til it reaches every man and woman and child In every city and town and hamlet. A law as Immutable as those of the Medes and Persians attends to this distribution. Food trusts and combinations of storagemen and mid dlemen are often accused of gobbling up the cake and pie and the fried chick en of national prosperity, but as a mat ter of fact they aren't able to do much more than pick up crumbs that fall from the "groaning" table. The efforts of the Agricultural De partment, with Its highly trained and low-salaried scientists here In Wash ington; its experiment stations through out the country. Its explorers search ing the world over for grains and fruits and plants useful to the Amer ican farmers and the American people, are ably seconded by state experiment stations, by agricultural colleges, and by all sorts of associations of persons and capital, especially by the great railroad systems which traverse the agricultural states south and west, the "grangers," as they are known In Wall street parlance. What Railroads Are Doing. The work the railroads are doing to promote agricultural prosperity, and, therefore, national prosperity, is one of the most striking tendencies of the age, about which the public has never been as fully informed as it ought to be. There is neither charity nor phil anthropy, of course, in what the rail roads are doing. It is a matter of hard business with them, an effort to in crease earnings by increasing traffic, but that doesn't alter the fact that the public is benefited. There is almost no limit to the things the railroads have done to increase the prosperity of farmers along their lines and of their own prosperity. They have Imported breeding stock to improve the quality of beef and pork and mutton, have im ported and distributed seeds specially adapted to the sections they serve, con ducted experiment farms to test ferti lizers and cultural methods, and have run demonstration trains with expert lecturers aboard through every state of the Union, coaxing and begging the farmer to put money in his purse by following newer and better methods. All this may seem pretty far-fetched as a reason why we should spend $625 for ten acres of land, covered with second-growth timber and scrub brush, which cannot be brought under culti vation for several years, and which probably never will pay interest on the investment so long as T spend six days a week at my desk In Washington. Bearing' on Sunny Knoll. But, In fact, It has very intimate re lation to our affairs. Tt has convinced me that agriculture, in any of its nu merous phases, offers to the man of limited means the safest and surest in vestment he can make, and the most satisfactory and Independent life work he can undertake. With the country increasing in population as no other country ever did, with all the unset tled areas of this and other countries about taken up, land upon which food can be grown is not going to decrease much in value; it can't burn up or fly away or be stolen. And with all that is being done to make the path of the farmer easy and lucrative, the man of sound body and average brains who can't make a good living from the soli isn't, entitled to make a living any where. So, we at Sunny Knoll decided that next winter and the winter after that and for several winters beyopd we can manage to keep warm without a heat ing plant. We decided, also, that we can forego taking out partitions and building open fireplaces with ornate mantels and several other things we had planned to do. Taking on this ad ditional ten acres of land will set us back financially more than the $625 the land will cost. If it ever is going to be of any use to us we have got to havf money for Its improvement. Title is to pass Monday or Tuesday, and I'll have .Lee Custis and another man at work there before the end of the week. Slow Improvement Is Planned. Three acres, we have decided, are to be left in woods, to furnish fuel and fence posts for all time to come. The seven other acres are to be cleared as rapidly as we can afford to clear them. On two acres there are no trees of any consequence and the brush is so small that it will be easily grubbed out. These two acres may be ready to plow this fall, certainly by next spring. The remaining five acres are to be treated to a very slow process of development. The first thing will be to cut off all timber fit for fence posts or cord wood. I'll keep enough of the posts to fence in the tract and sell the rest and all the cord wood except enough for our own use for next winter. There will be enough posts and wood to sell, I figure, to pay for the posts and wood I k?*ep and for clearing the two acres which need only grubbing. This will save us from digging into our sadly depleted working capital except for wire and labor for fencing the ten acres, which I want done soon as pos sible. For the present I'll put up only two strands of barbed wire, adding two more strands when I can better af ford it. The five acres from which the tim ber is to be cut I'll have cleared of brush gradually and as it is cleared I'll have grass seed sown. In fact, there is enough grass now In places where the trees and brush are thin to afford considerable pasture. 1*11 have [ to build an insirte fence to cut off the two acres which are to be cleared for plowing, but the rest of the ten acres, woods and all, will be used for pasture, until such time as the stumps have rot ted or I can see a profit in having them pulled. ('apt. Russell says a few goats and a drove of hogs turned into the woods and on that brush land would be profit able and that the goats would clear out a lot of the brush. It sounds like a good scheme, but in order to do it I would have to put a width of hog fence under the barbed wire, and the cost of this would be considerable. Figuring on Dairy Farm. We don't need the additional ten acres for the purposes of our chicken venture. It is not adapted now, and could not be adapted without a great deal of expense, to the purposes of general farming or truck gardening. A part of it might well be utilized for the growing of fruit., especially grapes and such fruits as grow on trees. This would. In time, make Jane's canning ! and preserving business independent of j outside sources of supply, and it is a proposition very worthy of careful con I sideration. Hut the thing that makes the strong est appeal to me is that the additional land will make practical dairying op erations on a small commercial scale. I know that the path of the dairyman is beset with many obstacles and pit falls, but It is the branch of husbandry that appeals most to me, and I would like to trive it a trial. This may sound queer, coming from a man who was bitterly opposed to hav ing even a family row. But our vtowa change and our visions widen with ex perience. When 1 see the way our one cow turns raw materials Into finished products and Into money. It opens my eyes to the possibilities of the bovine family. Besides. I like rows. Chickens and pigs are nil right as business prop ositions, but they don't make the slightest appeal to my affections. Cows (io. The happiest hours I have are when I am milking and caring for "Lady." Why, I make a regular busi ness. morning and evening, of apolo gizing to "Lady" for having opposed her advent at Sunny Knoll. Worthy a Society Belle. Did you ever smell a cow's breath when she has Just come In off a clover patch? A society belle might well envy it. They don't have anything in per fume bottles at the drug stores to com pare with it. And there is no other member of the animal family which responds so read ily and so generously to proper treat ment. Take a cow of even average quality, give her clean and comforta ble quarters, an abundance of clean water and plenty of clean and whole some food and she will accomplish what those foolish old alchemists spent their lives vainly striving for?she will transmute baser things Into gold. More than that, she will do it at the ratio of a dollar in gold for about 2ft cents' value in the baser things. If you know of any way to beat that in the scheme of getting some one else to work for you I'd be glad to be advised. So the combination of cows and chickens, with bees and preserved fruits as a side line, is the one to which we are looking forward. We're not going to be in any hurry about it. What we aim to do is to get. a foundation?the best foundation our means will permit ?upon whioh to build. That applies both to chickens and to cows. We are | by no means satisfied with the chick ens we have, and we may decide to throw them out altogether. In any event, our objective for the next few years will be to Improve our flock in stead of to take ail immediate profit. Land Brings Contentment. Whatever else acquisition of this ad ditional ten acres may or may not do, it has brought us into a stat^ of con tentment. When we first moved to the country our one ambition was to make a showing of net profits?the quicker the better. We felt that we had to show an actual profit the first year In or d*sr to justify the experiment. All that is changed now. Instead of working on a month-to-month basis or a year-to-l year proposition we are now working on the proposition of a lifetime. If it takes ten years or fifteen years to com plete our program we will not think the time too long. Don't get the idea, however, that we have lost sight of the desirability or the need of making it pay. We simply are not in as big a hurry as we were a year ago. It seems strange, when we think of it now, that for thirteen years of our married life?and for all the years of my life before I was married?we simply drifted. My government posi tion was secure, apparently, and the j salary no doubt was liberal for the j value I returned, but there wasn't any thing in the future for which it. seem ed worth while to strive. And year by year we saw my salary diminish, so ! far as its purchasing power was con cerned, and all the time the need of larger purchasing power increased. Is i it. any wonder that we got discouraged and in a rut?or that any government clerk gets discouraged? Put Blame on Congress. | About the only thing we did was to j sit around and complain that Congress, while increasing the pay of its own members, failed to do anything for us. We still are of the opinion that Con gress has been unfair to the govern | ment clerks, but we can't help but be lieve that the average clerk could do a great deal more than he does to im prove his own condition. When I get ten acres of our land un I der a high state of cultivation, 500 to 1,000 chickens, and as many good Jer sey cows as five acres of pasture and ten acres of cultivated land will sup port, I'm not going to care whether there are any more government jobs or not. I am assuming, of course, that when that time comes we will have Sunny Knoll all paid for and free of debt, with the house remodeled and such barns and other outbuildings as are required all constructed. So that is our program for the fu ture. Pending its fruition, the cur rent program is to hold fast to my gov ernment Job. 1 am not going to let go of it until I have a completed plant ! with which to work and assurance, from actual demonstration, that i can earn 51,200 a year on the farm over and above interest on our investment. If that time never comes, there is orfly one course left for me. I'll grow old and gray in the government service, holding on to my Job and hoping against hope that some day Congress will wake up to the needs of the situa tion and provide for the pensioning and retirement of superannuated clerks. K s- M I r WAR AND ART. By Frederic J. Haskin. In a recent lecture now being pub lished and sold for the benefit of a war relief fund. Prof. Selwln Image of the department of tine arts of Oxford V nl versity sa>s that the future develop ment of art in the world will be ad vanced by the present hostilities which have Involved such tremendous sacri fice of ait treasures. "War and art are not enemies," declared l'rof. Image. "On the contrary, peace may be the greatest enemy of art by giving it an oportunity for stagnation. The gieat est art works of Creece and ancient Italy were produced in times of war." C. It. W. Nevinson, England's greatest futurist painter, who was one of the first English artists to go to the front, has lately been invalided home after several months of service. Although serving as a soldier, Nevinson has made many sketches which are likely to de velop into future masterpieces. lie said upon his return: "All artists should go to the front to strengthen j their art by a worship of physical and moral courage which is developed upon the battlefield. Uniter such influence they will quickly free themselves from the canker of professional archelogl cal antiquarian and beauty worship ers' Modern art needs not beauty or restraint, but vitality." * * * Many persons may disagree with so radical a statement, and dread the por trayal of grue Sees Unification of battlefields _ i j which must be Art Standards. ,jie art ^|ie near future. Yet the artists who are now being brought into daily contact with war can hardly fail to gain a strength and courage from the experi ence which a peaceful studio life would never give. An American art critic pre dicts a unification of art standards as one result of the war. He prophesies that painting will outgrow the confines of different schools, and will combine the best elements of all, from the old mas ters to the cubists. American millionaires. who have be/n buyers of European art. have been accused of vandalism in remav ing masterpieces from historic settings. They will soon be regarded as bene factors to the art world, in that they have saved these treasures from de struction. Even a European critic ad mits rather patronizingly: "A beau tiful statue or painting is beautiful wherever placed. It is better for the world to have it owned by a wealthy rhilistlne who seeks only the doubtful glory of personal ownership than to remain in its original setting at the mercy of war and plunder." It is claimed that more than 90 per cent of the artists of France are now in the service of their country. A late dispatch states that 1,800 out of the 2,000 students of the Beaux in Paris are now at the front. Gustave Boisson, the guardian of the Boisson School anil an artlut of unuxual abil w:*s an.onc the flrst to be an bounced as killed. Profs. Brandon. -VlHRMon. r.eroux and Mareck are in the nrmj. and moat of the other teachers or Importance have either entered the army or turned their studios into tem porary hospitals for the care of the Winded. rhis hospital work falls l r ,K , the battlefield as a means of bringing the artist face to face with I',',1",'.?," ?'",K,'lsh The value of such an . ? ter h.ts been recognized since , ;J.""K',nn'nK of iirt- A? pnrlv Cireek i ?r !Rto hav? stahhed a man .111(1 watched his dying aKony. He LiJh"i . <,,",ense of his act, that he L-ro^r.1'- i?. , kno* 'low to "paint a t * '. *s said that a later painter strapped his model to a cross and then stabbed and lacerated his body in order , ( ? .. m,Kbt the more naturally de pict the suffering of the crucifixion. A story is told of a Turkish sultan who once held Giovanni Bellini a pris oner and ordered him to paint the be heading of John the.Baptist. When the picture was completed the poten tate pronounced it tame. To empna ? ize his criticism he drew his scimitar and cut off the head of one of hi3 slaves, saying to the artist. "When vou paint blood It must look like this.' * * * I he English painters are not much behind the French in their patriot 1 it i iam- rhe la41t Nearly 1,500 British authentic list Painters in Service. f'T nPa",y 1.500 who have enlisted in active service. These include both painters and sculptors. Such nanus as Robert A. Bell, Philip < enrad, 'leorgp Clausen, Alexander Jamison and William Nicholson are enrolled on the lint. while the best known sculptors Include. Derwent Wood. Frederic Poole Walker and Adrian Jones. Germany has published no list of her artist-soldiers, but it is known that few men able to bear arms are left at home. The same con dition prevails in Austria, while in Hungary there? js much indignation over the defection of Philip Alexis Laszlo. regarded as the greatest figure and portrait artist of modern Hungary At the beginning of the war he be came a British citizen and is said to be engaged on some important war pictures in his London studio. Fie is regarded as a traitor in his own coun try. and his three large pictures have been removed fom the walls of th? museum at Budapest The exceptional art collation now assembled at the San Fran-i-sco expo sition may he regarded as a positive demonstration of the art standing of this nation. Never have such valuable pictures and other treasures been loaned for exhibition purposes. Prom inent among them Js the German col lection of modern artists which is so valuable that the exposition has in sured it for the sum of $50,000. The i^lVa-i l States government j detailed the steamer Jason, belonging to 'he navy, to collect and transport I the paintings facilitated their cond ition. I he Jason went over to Europe l laden with Christmas presents for the children of the war zone, and it was permitted to remain until the art treasures of the different countries could be assembled. * * * The popularity of the military paint inc. which had been decidedly out of favor for the last quarter of a century, is again becoming established. Few modern war pie btrong Demand tures are as yet for War Pictures. "p"n \he mar" ket. but a strong demand is in evidence for re productions of old ones. A painting by a German artist. Ferdinand Pau MTels, entitled "Faithful Unto Death," represents Christ crowned with thorns appearing as a vision to a soldier dy ing upon the battlefield. It is having a heavy sale in England, despite the ban upon German art. A picture entitled "Cease Firing." by \\ ilfrid Beausquesne, depicts an inci dent of the Franco-Prussian war. A young nun walking across the battle field to minister to the wounded sol diers is^ herself struck down by a bul let. "For J,ove of Fatheriand," by G. Graf, painted in 1843, portrays an in cident now being frequently repeated in the European war zone. A beautiful young woman with a shorn head looks wistfully at the pile of beautiful hair which had just been cut. Jtr is claimed that this picture has created much sen timent in the minds of women in favor of sacrificing their tresses in the pres ent struggle. I One of the masterpieces of Detaille, I the most celebrated of the French mili tary painters of the last generation, is owned by John Wanamaker of Phila delphia and has been publicly exhibited for years. Its reproduction is now under consideration. it portrays a battle ground strewn with dead and dying men and the figures of the great con ! querors of the world from Alexander | the Great to Napoleon in the fore j ground, indicating that they had risen | to power only by the sacrifice of count | less human lives. BIG TEXAS CATTLE MAN. i The Amazing Figures of His Posses sions. From th?* Kansas City Star. J. M. Shelton, a native Texan, sixty two years old, and owner of the largest herd of Angus cattle in the world, says that Texas is in better shape than it ever was before. "Our state," he says, "has plenty of moisture, good grass, a good calf crop, wheat, corn and oats in excellent condition, and w ?> know that under almost any con ditions we can produce large crops of kaftir and maize." Mr. Shelton knows Texas and he knows how to tell of that state's greatness. lie was born in Fort Worth sixty-two years ago, and for the last thirty-nine years has been in the cat tle business. Last week he sold 2.O0O yearling heifers for $8ti,000. and has between 25,000 and 30,000 cattle on his various ranches amounting to about 800,000 acres. A few years ago Mr. Shelton bought the XIT ranch of 400,000 acres in Hal lam and Hartman ??counties, Tex. I'p to that time Angus, shorthorn and Here ford cattle were bred, but he turned it into Angus blood. He now has a herd 1 of 9,000 breeding cows and ll.ooo1 steers and heifers, all Angus, on the! XIT property. The brand has been 1 changed to X on the right hip with I the birth brand, the number indicating the year of the birth, on the right \ shoulder. His herd of .Angus cattle is the largest in the world. They are so uniform in color and markings, he I says, that the cows he uses for milk-j ing purposes are branded with a bat on the back to distinguish them from the herd cows. AT THE OPERA IN PARIS. An Incident That Aroused the Audi ence. I*rem Paris Letter to the \?-w York Sim. The cheerfulness of the wounded and maimed is one of the remarkable fea tures of the war. No matter if the men have empty sleeves or disfigured faces with an eye missing or are minus a leg, they can be seen going about with the most cheerful view of the future. A remarkable scene during a per formance of "La Vivandiere" a few nights ago is the t? 1 k of the city. Th* ! opera is particularly appropriate for the present time and the great "Hymn to Liberty," the climax of an act, al ways receives an ovation. All the au dience arose and applauded at this song the other night except two men in the uniform of officers. There were murmurs until it was seen that the right sleeve of one and the left sleeve of the other were empty. At last one man held out his right hand and the other brought his left hand upon it to applaud. That ended the in terest of the audience in the opera. A great cheer arose. The orchestra quick ly turned to the "Marseillaise" and the two men received a reception. "Had we known our action would have caused so much commotion we would have remained quiet," said one of the men afterward, "hut we did want to show our appreciation for the great music. Outside the Shop Window. 'Copyright, 1915. by W. Werner > Milbrv \\ ilson had stayed downtown the whole afternoon. She had gone to look at some moving pictures and had , bought a few things at the ten-cent store. Takfn all in all she had spent I very little, but she had only a little to spend. So far she had kept within the limits of the poorer shopping district, but now she had come out into the street, where all the best shops were. It was the shortest way home.. i The lights were on, for the day was closing early, and the long street daz | zled and bewildered with its effulgence. Overhead signs quivered and crawled and squirmed. Windows. wer*? pools of | golden enchantment set to drown th* I senses of the young and beauty-loving. ; Mllbry was youtik'. For a while she walked, no more than glancing at the marvels on either hand Then she paused. The window was on- of the I.,: -litest and kh vest l.oftily stniliiic wax la.lies In shimmering row us of sat hi and laee and crystal stood on parade \ ,-hair or c'" character to the scene, and a fni i '.n!'.SK of "?hr.vsantlietnumH on a,, Inlaid table, against a drapery of tap \'t Vi* ' ' '' ofr deeorativelv. To * 1 ,r-%' uJ'11 eatne front four" rooms n. "';f.,?r dark- the slKht was of incomparable magnificence. .More than nJl ,T ,?pen^d to her imagination a 5 ?i , ? u'hi?b made her own mis erably dreary, shabby and undesirable. twrt ne drew UI> to the <"rb and two women stepped out. As they en tered the store they passed so close to Alilhry that she could smell their per fume and see the color of the jewels at the younger woman's throat. It came j to nor that she must forever be on the. wrong side of rhe window. It wasn't iair. She thought that she would have been twice as pretty in the same fur aud sapphires as that other girl. And ?she had just as much right to be prettv in them. What had that other girl ever LhL'ei t?. '!vs,erv.e lI,em? No more than e heiself had done. Only somewhere somebody who was interested in the girl had made a lot of money. She had never had anybody to make a lot of money for her. Larry couldn't. He was only a trainman now, though to be sure he expected to he a conductor some day. They had to be very, very eco nomical on his wages, especially when rent and food were so high. It came to her that perhaps she I might have done better than marrv j J-arry. There were other men she might have had?men who worked in | the store with her. They had called her the prettiest saleswoman in the shop and all the other girls had been jealous of her. She had earned good wages and had a good time. She used to dream that some time a millionaire or foreign nobleman would wander casually into the little shop, see her, fall in love with her and straightway wed her. But no millionaire or prince had come?only Larry Wilson, with J coal grime about his clear. Idue eyes. He had fallen in love with hf-r and she j had let him take her away because she felt that she had loved Inn. | ^ et had she loved hitn so much after a!'7 Was he worth all the gay possi bilities of life which she had given up for him? She wondered as she stood ; there staring at the brunette wax lady in coral pink whom she had once thought she might resemble if the prince came courting. If she had waited IT CAME TO HER THAT SHE Ml*ST ALWAYS BE OX THE WKO.Vtj SIDE I would not the prince have come? Alas, i He would never find her now if he did come. : A warning shiver told her that she | had been standing too long in the cold j and she hurried away. At least she j w^ould find warmth in the little flat, and I she needed it. She walked all tiie rest of the way very fast and she was in a glow by the time she unlocked the I door. I An open window had aired the fiat ! during her absence and it smelled fresh [ and clean. She closed the window and I lighted the gas and the heater. Larry's alarm clock was ticking busily. Glanc j ing at it, she saw that she had just j time to get supper before Larry should | be in after his day's run. I She tied on an apron. There was a I patch on the apron. Looking down at 1 it, she thought of the coral pink dress and her eyes filled with tears. She felt miserable, defeated. What was there so very much worth while in her life? What was the use of living, anyway? "1 hate life!" she cried out. "It's all! ?wrong. It's cruel. It's unjust. It's| AX HOUR LATER SHE SAT OX HIS KXEE. not my fault that I am what I am. 1 had to take what was handed out to me. But. as for being satisfied with it, I shan't be unless I choose." After all, she cooked her potatoes and her steak, and set the table preciselv. Then she took up a book and sat down to forget herself in reading until Larry should appear. The book was engag ing. In it was a girl who reminded Milbry of herself. The girl's problem was so like her own that she was car ried away completely. A sudden sound startled her, and she glanced at the clock. It was near 8 o'clock. Larry should have been home more than an hour before. A moment later she was calling the dispatcher over the telephone; "What is the matter with Xo. 8?" A single word came in reply: "Wrecked." Wrecked' For an Instant mropmd after the meaning of the word Ui* had heard of wrecks. Larry had told her something about them. And thor* was Mrs Bree in the same block, whoa* husband had been killed in the last awful wreck on this same road. Larry ?suppose Larry was hurt or dead? Shs must find out from the dispatcher. Sha put her lips to the transmitter and tried to speak. Then the receiver Jerked out of her hand and she feli flat upon the floor Presently she thought she began to hear things She thought she heard Larry's bis:, hasty step pounding: up the stairs, accompanied by his whistling, always off the tune. With that thought came another, horrible. stinging. Why. "Larry was hurt- or worse! There had been a wreck, she not up dizzily and turned toward the telephone. She must find out from tin- dispatcher. The door opened and Larry entered. !!?? looked at her with a smile. "Hello, kid"' he said. She pave :? erv nnd held out her arms "Oh. Larry, darling"' she sobbed. "You are alive?alive?alive!" He held her close. "You bet. We're all alive. Hut it was a close shave." An hour later she sat on his knee at the table while he drank his third cup of tea. Her arms were around his neck, her cheek to his. "oh* Larry, life's beautiful, isn't It?" she sighed contritely. ? and added thoughtfully, "even if you always ate outside the shop window." Larry laughed boyishly. "I guess t wouldn't be any more beautiful if ymi were Inside the shop window." he said, with just as much wisdom as if ha understood. (THE END.) FROM THE MANIA | Washingtonian Cables Wife That He and Her Sister Are Safe. MISS DOROTHY CONNER. Pr. Howard Fisher of the Mendota apartments. 2220 20th street, and hi* sister-in-law. Miss Dorothy Conner, formerly a resident here, whose home is now In Medford, Ore., are among the rescued from the Lusitania. Mrs. Fisher received two cablegrams from Dr. Fisher early this morning saying that he and Mrs. Fishers sister had been rescued and were at Queens town. "Both safe and well." he said. Mrs. Fisher had passed a frantic night after newspaper reports had brought word of the heavy loss of life aboard the Lusitania. She is almost prostrated today as a result of her fears, and the reaction when assured of the safety of her husband and sister. Plans for Dr. Fisher. Dr. Fisher was en route to England to assist his brother-in-law. Harold J. Pickett, a titled Englishman, to organ ize a British lied <*ross hospital unit as a gift to the government. The unit was to have been composed entirely of Americans, and was intended for serv ice in Belgium. Miss Conner was to Ihave served as a. nurse. j Dr. Fisher is a brother of Walter L. Fisher, former Secretary of the In i terior and a son of the former presi dent of Hanover <*oltege. He has been a practicing physician in Washington for fourteen years, and previously saw [service in India. II.- has a son in school at Andover. Mass. F. J. Gauntlett Among Survivors. The name of Frederick J. Oauntlett of Washington, foreign representative o' the Newport News Shipbuilding and | Drydock Company, appeared on the first partial list of Lusitania survivors received by the State Department from Queenstown. No mention was made of -V L. Hopkins, president of the same company, and also a passenger, but only a small number of the names had .been received. Mr. Uauntlett lived here at the Park wood apartment house. 1746 K street northwest. Me left home April 24J, and sailed ?m the Lusitania as representa tive of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company. Mr. Gaunt lett's destination was London, where, it ? is said, his business was of a confl ? dential nature. He was joined in New j York by A. L. Hopkins, president of j the company. | His Office in Home Life Building. I Mr. <iauntlett has law offices here in the Home Life Insurance building, 15th and streets northwest. He came into prominence as the representative of the <*reek government at the time of the sale, a year ago, of two battleships ??f the 1'nited States Navy to Greece That transaction ?*arried with It the delivery to him of a check for several millions of dollars, which he handed over to the Treasury in Washington in payment for the warships in question A former Washingtotiiaii aboard the Lusitania was <' Frank Williamson, whose father. Harry W Williamson, lives in Washington at the Landover apartments. The younger Mr. W illiam son has been living in Paris, where be is in business as a dealer in antiques. He came to America last October with Alfred W Vanderbilt and took a cruise with the latter on the Vanderbilt yacht to South America. Mr. Williamson is between thirty-eight and forty years old. mi. ? ? TRANSYLVANIA IS CROWDED. Liner Sails for Liverpool. Many Hav ing to Be Left Behind. NEW YORK, May S.?The British steamer Transylvania of the Anchor line sailed late yesterday for Liver pool. a few hours after news of tho Lusitania's sinking had been received. The Transylvania's cabins were crowd ed. her agents said. There were 87? passengers aboard, and others who wanted to go, according to the line, could not be accommodated for lack of room. Capt. John Black, who was recently transferred to the Transylvania from the British auxiliary cruiser Columbia, commanded the ship. "I have been hunting for a submarine ever since this war began," was his comment on the Lusitania. "I only hope 1 see one on this trip, and that^ she comes close enough for me to ram her." "Do you expect to fly the American flag when you reach the war son#?** he was asked. "No, sir. I'll take my ship to port with the flag of England flying, or not at all." he replied.