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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 30, 1915, Image 26

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Mast of the Old Ship,
Once at the Bottom of
Havana Harbor, Now a
Monument?The Pres
ident and Cabinet Ex
pected to Attend?Sec
retary of the Navy Will
Deliver the Main Ad
dress?This Ceremony
to Follow Regular Serv
ices of the G. A. R. and
the Spanish War Veter
ans?The Confederate
?which it? ceremonies center.
The past year ha? been one of creat
achievement within Arlington's houn
*nriec. and May It bids fair to witness
th? presence of the greatest thronp that
bns Aver at one time assembled to do
homage to the nation's soldier and sailor
T'pon this, the forty-seventh celebra
tion s:nce Oen. John A. Tyoean established
the first service of this kind in ISfiR. the
ceremonv will be more thoroughly na
tional than has ever before been the case.
Tor the principal event of the day is the
rtedlcation and unvellinr of the Maine
Memorial Monument, erected by the rov
?rnm'nt to the memorv of the dead of
the ni-fated battleship Maine, which was
destroyed In Havana harbor seventeen
years a*o. and with the destruction of
which 2*4 men and officers of the ship
were billed and many others wounded.
Arlington Is the most beautiful and well
known of all of the eighty-three national
cemeteries. Overlooking the National Cap
ital. tNs mecoa for all tourists, it Is most
fitting that it should hold such memorial
monuments as the government erects to
commemorate the glories of American
military and naval arms.
Tn the dedication of the Maine monu
ment north, south, east and west have
equal Interest and equal share, since. In
the war with Spain, all sections of the
country alike contributed its quota of
Peculiarly appealing to the emotions
is this splendid tribute to the sailors
and officers of the Maine, and one that
is designed to keep their martyrdom
ever before the minds of their country
men: for the monument is the main
mast and fighting: top of the battleship.
Tt. with all the rest of the mangled and
twisted remains of the magnificent ship
and its entombed victims, lay for a
time imbedded In the mud and slime of
Havana harbor.
Thi> mast, with the anchor, some of
the puns and much other wreckage,
was raised by the government when
the hull was raised and (riven a burial
out at sea. All bits of metal and odds
and ends of material that could be used
in any manner have been distributed
all over the country to form memorial
tablets and slabs for patriotic organi
zations. But to Arlington were brought
all bodies that were recovered, and also
the most magnificent portions of the
ship. of which the anchor and two
","?TMAL day at Arlington na
* ??>??:?! cemetery this year 1s
epochal In the important and
significance of the events around
guns, sent seven years ago, have since
marked the entrance of the Maine sec
tion of the cemetery.
For the dedicatory service of t..?s
unique monument most elaborate invi
tations have been issued to the Presi
dent, cabinet. Supreme Court, diplo
matic corps, governors of states and
heads of all patriotic organizations -n
the United States.
The program arranged is most in
teresting, and is scheduled to begin at
3 o'clock, following the regular services
always observed by the Grand Army of
the Republic at the amphitheater, and
by the United States War Veterans
at the beautiful Spanish war monu
ment, one of the handsomest shafts
ever constructed, and the gift of the
Colonial Dames.
A salute of twenty-one guns will an
nounce the arrival of the President, and
when the Maine monument is unveiled
a national salute will be flred.
* *
Secretary of the Navy Daniels will
make the principal address at this
ceremony, which is under the joint
auspices of the Grand Army of the Re
public and the United Spanish War
Veterans. Other speakers will be Maj.
Charles Francis Cramer, commander
in-chief of the United Spanish War
Veterans, and National Commander
Oden Lake of the Army and Navy
Union. Mrs. Adelaide Worth Bagley
and Mrs. Josephus Daniels, mother and
sister, respectively, of Ensign Worth
Bagley, the first officer killed in the
war with Spain, will participate in the
services as guests of honor, being in
troduced by Secretary Daniels at the
close of his speech.
The two nephews of Ensign Bagley?
Frank Bagley Daniels and his brother,
Jonathan Worth Daniels?are to un
veil the monument dressed in sailor
uniforms made for the occasion, and
the other two Daniels boys have plan
ned to go over to Arlington by 7:30
on the morning of the 81st and raise
the great flag in front of the mansion
as their contribution of homage to the
After the draperies are withdrawn,
the mast will have a brief but realistic
and spectacular revival of its original
functions and activity, when fifty
white-uniformed marines from the
President's yacht Mayflower will man
the rigging, said to be the old rat
lines of the ship.
Rev. Father Chldwick, who was
chaplain of the Maine, is to make the
invocation, and Mgr. Russell, the bene
No more Impressive nor striking de
sign for a monument to these naval
martyrs could have been conceived
than to take this great mast of the
dead ship and have it arise from a
pedestal that from a distance seems to
be an actual gun turret. Closer view
reveals the fact that it is made of
granite and marble, and contains a
chamber that may be utilized as a re
ceiving vault, the entrance to which
Is a heavy bronze door.
* *
When this monument was planned,
the plot of ground set aside for It was
of flxed dimensions and of circular
shape, so that of necessity any ped
jtliiorial Amphithejvtxr To fir. ctoicatio
u zmikorjal Djct, 191J- e? 3
estal made for it had to be of circular
shape. Taking into consideration the
nature of the memorial and the char
acter of the mast, the principal feature,
it was concluded finally to construct a
base, following: in many respects the
contour of a battleship turret. This
Idea seemed to the architect, Nathan C.
Wyeth of Washington, to be best in
keeping with the sturdy appearance of
the mast. His design was approved
and settled upon by the fine arts com
The names of the victims of the
wreck are inscribed on the exterior,
showing their various ranks as well
as the general inscription, with dates
and details.
As the weight of the mast with the
fighting top is 22,660 pounds, a serious
problem confronted the contractors in
the arrangements for foundations of
necessary strength. The whole mast is
painted a dull gray, to harmonize with
the color of the stone, and follows the
same color tones as on modern bat
Since Decoration day became a fixed
national institution and every Presi
dent since Abraham Lincoln has ap
peared in the historic rostrum in the
vine-covered amphitheater and poured
forth eloquent eulogies to the dead and
Inspiring admonitions to the living,
these yearly exercises of the Grand
Army of the Republic, with its hard
working auxiliary, the Woman's Relief
Corps, attract widespread interest and
large crowds. To them go the digni
taries of the government and the rep
resentatives of foreign powers.
This year President Wilson will be
the principal speaker, and other ad
dresses will be given by Gov. Frank B.
Willis of Ohio and Col. John McElroy,
commander of the Department of the
Potomac. G. H. Slavbaugh will give
the immortal "Gettysburg Address,"
and Mrs. Isabel Worrell Ball, national
senior vice president Woman's Relief
Corps, will read a poem, "The Unknown
* *
At the initial memorial services to the
Maine dead, held in 1908 through the
efforts of Capt. J. Walter Mitchell, com
mander Department District of Colum
bia, United Spanish War Veterans, and
Mrs. Isabel Worrell Ball, who consti
tuted themselves a committee of two
to look after the observance of services
to the Maine dead and have done so
ever since, there was but a handful of
people present?ten by actual count?
and the floral offerings were just as
President Roosevelt sent two wreaths
from the White House conservatory
and the Cuban minister sent a tribute
as a token of his country's apprecia
tion of these martyrs in Cuba's defense.
At the last two of these services the
throngs of people have numbered many
thousands and the floral offerings have
completely hidden the famous anchor
flanked with the two guns that mark
the Maine section. Those sent from
Cuba came directly from President
Menocal of the republic, the last one
being a huge cross of orchids and lilies
nine feet high.
In popularity of floral remembrance
this one shares in abundance with the
monument to the unknown dead. This
latter loses none of its pathetic inter
est as the years pass, and the handsom
est wreaths and floral emblems, includ
ing those always sent by the President,
lend their beauty and fragrance to ex
press a nation's veneration.
* *
Just a huge rough pile of granite and
marble, it covers the remains of 2,111
Union soldiers whose names and rank
were never known and the fragments
of whose bodies were gathered from
Chantilly to the Rappahannock, from
fence corners, under thickets and trees
and by running streams, and often with
no mark of identification other than a
belt buckle with the bones. They were
gathered, each pitiful lot, and placed in
small plain boxes of uniform size and
deposited in the great vault, thirty feet
deep and two hundred feet square, con
structed of solid masonry.
Then, too, many bodies were found
when the federal government in its de
sire to honorably inter its dead sol
diers sent broadcast appeals for knowl
Top or Battieship Mainz
edge of the many hundreds of scattered present use for memorial services has
unmarked graves in remote places. Re- long since outgrown the vast crowds
wards of ten dollars each were paid for who yearly attend. It has no means of
information and location of such protecting its audiences from the
graves, and the bodies were then re
moved to Arlington and placed with all
weather and, outside of its ancient
rostrum, has but little claim to atten
of the others. In 1876, the centennial tion. Indeed, its small ness, unpreten
year, the huge sarcophagous was tiousness and other deficiencies have
erected over this vault.
Additional interest attaches to Arling
ton this year, as the great excavation
marking the outlines of the new Ar
lington Memorial Amphitheater, which
has been the dream of the Grand Army
veterans for more than a dozen years,
has already been made and work is
rapidly progressing toward the erec
tion of this the greatest memorial
building the government has
planned to the nation's dead.
When completed, this marvelously
beautiful structure will excel anything
of its kind to be found anywhere in
the world and is to be built on a scale
of magnificence and grandeur adequate
long been the subject of commisera
tion by our Presidents, and Grand Army
officials have devoted years of effort in
When Congress was finally prevailed
upon to act, and to hasten the comple
tion of this project so that many of
the fast-aging veterans might see their
dream of years realized, an Arlington
memorial amphitheater commission
ever was appointed to figure out plans, cost,
design, location and details.
This commission, under which the
work is now being done, consists of
Secretary of War Garrison, chairman;
Secretary of Navy Daniels; Elliott
Woods, superintendent of the l"nited
to the most exalted ideas of a perpetual States Capitol; Judge Ivory G. Kimball,
and universal memorial to the military representing the Orand Army of the
- Republic, and who has been endeavor
and naval dead from all over the land
and from all classes of American arms.
This work was begun officially March
1, when Secretary of the Navy Daniels
turned the first spadeful of earth, with
appropriate ceremonies, and it is confi
dently expected that the memorial will
be completed in time for formal dedica
tion Decoration day in 1917.
The corner stone of this imposing
edifice, which is to cost $750,000, and
the approaches and parking 5100,000
more, is to be laid during the Grand
Army encampment to be held here next
The location is about 600 feet east of
the new Maine monument and the
building will face the Potomac and
Washington city. The amphitheater in
ing for the last twelve years to bring
this about, and Capt. Charles W. New
ton, representing the United Spanish
War Veterans and the commander of
Camp 171 of the United Confederate
* *
In order to have this building fit in
with the plans under development for
the beautiful Washington of the fu
ture, it was necessary to follow the
architectural traditions of the city,
which are renaissance in character, the
architecture of the eighteenth century,
in keeping with the early history of
the country when the White House and
main body of the Capitol were built.
It was therefore planned to embody
in the design colonial features based
upon classic principles.
The intention being to make it an
?^L".rhamphlth"??r. ??? Roman ant
?rejk theaters, many of which war*
used for similar purposes were rlowiir
ffiSLfVSr" c?rC?*ll
Hasting* of New York, as they
aent such beautiful examples of archi
tectural art.
vHt' .^l*K?..flnal,T adopted for this
^Phlthesfer. surrounded by a
noon ? i marble, will seat about
th^ limHf' ,"r"} ,n th? arrade around
. P al form of th? theater
Which Is covered. there ta to be stand -
li'K room for at least 4,000 people
fri? possible to accommodate
al? Thr- . thousand persons In
all. Three entrances are to he made
one large central one and two on the
main approaches fnr the general pub
lic irP an ertrance In the rear of
the assemblage room.
rnder this room. In the baaement are
provided general restrooma A c"
:"LVir"", P!l?V,ae? to the
second floor leading Into a tnuwnim.
which occupies the whole space. A
speaker s stand, or rostrum. Is also to
be constructed In the shelter of this
covered portion of the structure, and
"}.:??? ?f V1"1 the entire am
pnltheater Is to he protected from th?
elements by cariTAs coverings.
The marble colonnnd* offers endles?
facilities for Inscriptions to fafaoti*
men and also for the display of tvusts
statues and monuments of men deferr
ing of national honor, either burltfd at
Arlington or elsewhere.
Another special source of prollflf In
terest In the nationsl cemetery ; this
year, and one which has const^ntlv
drawn sn endless stream of visitors
since its completion, is the beatilful
Confederate monument of bronze^ the
work of the already famous scufjtor
Sir Moses Ezeklel of Virginia. a sojillsr
of the Confederacy, which was "unviiiad
and dedicated .Tune 4. 1914. j,
This ceremony of nationally homvtaff
the fallen foes of the nation in J the
nation's burial ground was conirtiin
mated while the eyes of the wfcol*
world were focused upon it in admj'ra
tlon. Tn all of the vast expanse ofnh*
national cemetery there Is no oiher
monument that can equal this one/for
its magnificence of conception, perfec
tion of artistic construction or beajtv
and richness of material. '
This monument, breathing: the sft!r1t
of peace, erected in honor of the <l*n
federate dead, was presented to $th*
President for the nation by Mrs. Dfisv
McLaurin Stevens, as president ofvth*
United Daughters of the Confederacy,
and accepted by him in the spirit o| it*
giving. Tt is unique in the world'sjils
torj', and is erected on the old U4 es
tate, later a T'nion battleground.?and
where, by a strange coincidence.* the
first soldier buried was a Confederate
prisoner, at whose burial President ^Lin
coln happened to be present %
At this impressive dedication of this
monument last June, President JWil
son. Gen. Washington. Gardner, erom
mander-in-chief of the Grand Arm.
of the Republic; (Jen Bennett touiifc
and Col. Robert E. l*ee, gra Jidso'i
. *he famous southern g^iernl.
made speeches whose eloquence an?4 brii
liance will live long in the annals <?" ora
t?ry- Hilary A. Herbert, president
of the Arlington Confederate Manorial
Association and Secretary of the Avy in
Cleveland's administration, sumnftd up
the history of the monument in his Jp??ech
. He told of President McKlnleyJ mem
orable address at Atlanta In 1S>8. jus*
after the Spanish war. In which the
south had shouldered her full fiare of
fighting:, when he gave expression to
the sentiments from which ?<ew the
Inception of the project that l?fl to the
erection of this memorial in "
Two years later Congress
act to gather into one aectii^,
national cemetery the bodlfti of a
the Confederate soldiers tljfcn scat,
tered throughout the DlstrliJ of Co
lumbia. In 1906. Secretary, of War
Taft gave permission for th* erection
of the monument, and an o <;auizatlin
for that purpose was crea'd amoic
southerners in the District Shortly
afterward the Daughters oljf tlie Co-i
federacy Joined in the work# and both
committees worked dillgentlj to accu
mulate the necessary funds a When th
corner stone was laid PreSdenl Taft
participated. I
Just at the dramatic moifent in the
services of last June, Psiil llerbct
Micou. the eleven-year-old 'randson o'
Col. Herbert, twitched a cjrd and the
draperies parted around tlxfcMatue ami
as they opened they revejled the su
perb work of bronze. I
Honor to the dead andepeace ever
lasting among the living l< the theme
expressed by It. The ll>rol.' figure.
with her right hand holding A laura!
wreath to crown the deadlier left rest
ing on a plowstock, onjwhicli is a
sickle. Is the south. In tlie large flK
ures that wreath the pf-Mestal. every
phase of life in the C.lifederacy in
typified?the young wifejbuckling on
her husband's sword. tli| lilacksniitl
forging his own wenpolk. tin* fat he'
parting from his child iij th>- arms .if
its old mammy and a sfricken flpur?
leaning un the Constitution for sup
port. J
This monument will aluj. be the s?-en?
of memorial services the-first ueek lu
June, when the Confederates decorate
their graves, at Arlington and else
where. >
1<* to the
i Arlington
jJssed an
:l<* of tli*
Woman Employe in Bureau of Plant Industry Is an Expert on Mushrooms
Mrs. Flora W. Patterson Tells of Her Work With Fungi?Can a Woman Raise Mush
rooms With Profit??The Problem of Canning and Handicaps in Growing?The Growth
of Mushroom Culture and the Profits Usually Derived?Well Known Pathologist Assem
bles Recipes for Government Bulletin?Edible and Poisonous Fungi in the Same Botanical
Class?Distinction According to Edibility Is a Man - Made Thing, and One Must Be Ac
quainted With the Various Species.
j^nT is aot possible to toll the
00 11 *41 bio fWlitlet of mushrooms
j I frotn tbo poisonous ones by
ci anT othor system than that of
'dontlflcAtioo/* doclared Mm. Flora W.
Patterson of the bureau of plant In
dustry of the Department of Agricul
ture. "One most know the different
species and recognise them In order to
be sure before they are eaten, for the
old formulas for testing, especially that
of boiling a piece of silver with them
to pes If !t turns dark, are ridiculous
and cannot be depended upon.
Mushroom culture is crowing ?o
rapidly in importance these days that
It is essential for the average house
wife to acquaint herself with such
facts. I arn often asked." said Mrs.
Patterson, "if It Is possible for women
to raise mushrooms with profit. My
answer always touches upon a number
of phases of the situation that I think
must be considered before I give an
unqualified yes.
"First of all. failure In the mushroom
industry, as well as in every other. Is
possible, and I Insist that one should
not invest more capital than she Is
willing to lose. In the second place,
the preparation of the compost for the
beds has objectionable features that
w omen would not probably care to un
dertake. For instance, the manure
must be watered and turned repeatedly
with pitchforks before it is ready to
use. This work, to my mind, is not
a woman's work, though there are
many who do not mind it. If it can
be arranged to have a man prepare
the compost. I see no reason why wom
en cannot do the rest of the work, and
do It profitably. If they have a knack
for gardening.
"But there is also a third element to
be considered. Mushroom growing in
the city, and especially in one's cellar,
has many serious drawbacks. It is said
that the odor of the manure beds is
objectionable in the other parts of the
house; that it is not possible to regu
late the furnace without giving: the
mushrooms too much heat or the rooms
above too little, and, last but not least
in Importance, it is Impossible to get
the correct manure for the compost
within the city limits, manure in the
city being treated to destroy the larvae
of flies and other insects, which ruins
it for fertilizing mushroom beds.
'Though these facts may seem dis
couraging, yet methods exist for over
coming difficulties, and if a woman is
determined enough I am really in
favor of mushroom culture as a lucra
tive business.
* *
"One can And success If the principles
are mastered and the directions as to
spawning and caring for the beds care
fully followed. The objectionable fea
ture of the preparation of the compost
may be overcome If one Is strong
enough to do the work or can And a
man who understands It. And even
cellar culture may have Its reward and
be possible in the city if one would
have the compost prepared In the coun
try and hauled Into town in finished
"Women have been successful with
mushrooms," said Mrs. Patterson. "In
fact, I know of a woman In the sub
urbs of Washington who raises the
finest mushrooms that I have ever seen
anywhere and who fills sending year
round orders at all of the leading ho
"The profits of mushroom growing
are very large. It is estimated that
one pound of mushrooms cost from 1C
to -0 cents to cultivate. Since
mushrooms sell for 50 and 75 cents a
pound, the profit Is considerable. I
have visited all of the large mushroom
growers In the east and I know that
they are making: money, and a great
deal of it, too."
* *
Mrs. Patterson's dictum in regard to
mushrooms may be considered as the
highest appeal, for her experience
with them has occupied a number of
years of research and she is an author
ity on the subject. She has written a
bulletin which will soon be published
by the department. It will contain new
recipes for canning mushrooms and
preparing them in various dishes for
the table.
During the winter she has been ex
perimenting with methods of canning.
It was thought early in the year that
the European war might have an un
favorable effect upon the French indus
try which supplies the greater part of
the American demand. For this reason
Mrs. Patterson prepared a series of ex
periments with methods of canning.
She recommends a reliable one which
promises to aid mushroom ? growers in
establishing a new American industry.
Among the recipes she has assembled
In the new bulletin are some original
ones which she has formulated. These
she indorses as being perfectly di
gestible, for she has tried them herself.
"Tills bulletin of mine," she said, "is
the first that I have ever written on
the subject. The department has is
sued a number of bulletins which give
the direction for the cultivation of
mushrooms, but these are by no means
of recent date. However, the facts
contained 1n them are unchanging and
I have seen no reason for rewriting
them in another form.
"I have done much research work
with mushrooms in 1 lie study of the
fungus disease which attacks them,
and T am at present interested in a
new ailment which threatens to affect
the success of the crops this year.
"As every one knows who is inter
ested in mushrooms, manure is the
inost important factor in mushroom
fertilization. Ft seems that, owing to
the increased pri<-e of grain, horses
have not been fed on their regular diet,
and the quality of the manure has been
affected to such a degree that the
mushroom crop is not approaching its
usual proportions. 1 know of one
grower who at present has 20,000 feet
of mushroom bed lying idle simply be
cause he cannot get the right quality
of manure for his compost.
"Questions such as these are vital
because they stimulate scientists to
new endeavors. At one of the state
universities scientists are working to
find a chemical solution which may Y&
successfully used as a substitute for
manure to mitigate the evils of such
conditions as 1 have mentioned."
* *
Mrs. Patterson has been with the de
partment for many years. Though she
is Its mushroom specialist, she Is pri
marily a pathologist and specializes in
plant diseases. Her work with mush
rooms has included an identification of
the species and tabulation in form. Her
new bulletin will contain this tabula
tion and ought to prove a valuable
aid to persons interested in mushrooms
to enable them to distinguish the poi
sonous varieties from the others.
Botanical ly, Mrs. Patterson assarts,
there is no difference between the edi
ble mushrooms and the poisonous toad
stools, us they are called. They all be
Ions to the same botanical class, and possible to understand unless one
the distinction according to edibility ia knows the different species.
entirely a man-made thin^ and is not Mrs. Patterson began her course in pa
thology at Hip slate university of Iowa
and completed it at Radeliffe College.
Shortly afterward she came to Wash
ington as newly appointed pathologist to
the Department of Agriculture. It is an
interesting fad to note that she took up
science as a hobby. After the death of
her husband she decided to take up a
college course simply on the theory that
no knowledge was ever lost. While she
was at Radeliffe in her senior year her
eon was a freshman at Harvard.
One day a fellow-student asked her if
she was going: to make any practical ap
plication of her work: when she replied
that she had not yet decided, the friend
suggested that she take a governmental
examination. This she did and pass^l
second. Dr. B. M. Duggar. now in chai* ?
of the St. Louis Botanical (hardens and
about to publish a scientific hook on the
subject of mushrooms, passed this same
examination and came at the head of the
list. But he took a position at Cornell
University and Mrs. Patterson was given
the position. Later Dr. Duggar returned
Father and Son.
O man is a hero to his own valet.
That is proverbial. Is any man a
hero to his own father'.' Maybe that de
pends on circumstances. The British
hero of the hour is the Irishman. Mi
chael O'Leary, who won the Victoria
cross by bayoneting eight Germans. As'
many articles and poems have been
written about his deed as were writ
ten in the United States at the time of
the destruction of the Maine about the
man who coolly reported to Capt. Sigs
bc.i that the "ship has been blown up
and is sinking." Now a recruiting
poster has made its appearance. Un
der a fanciful picture of O'Leary slay
ing the eight Germans, is the admoni
tion: "Follow the example of Michael
O'Leary. V. C., and Join an Irish regi
ment today."
But It appears that Daniel O'Leary.
Michael's father, is almost disappointed
in his son. According to a correspond
ent the sire of the Victoria cross hero
was interviewed and asked if he was
surprised at his son s bravery. He re
P"]dam surprised he didn't do more.
I often laid out twenty men myself
with a stick coming: from Macroon fair,
and it is a bad trial of Mick that he
could kill only sight, and ha having a
rifle and bayonet."
Thus the rising generation stands re
to i lie department as coflaborator in 11 ?
pathological invest igatiws which Mrs
Patterson was conducting.
Mrs. Patterson laughingly explains that
she had no Idea of speo'/.lizing on mush
rooms, but that v hen sh* entered the d*?
partment it was thrust ifivn her and, be
ing new. she took it Without murmu
But it is evident from lr-r enthusiasm In
this line and her practi-jl efforts in help
ing mushroom enthusiasts all over the
country that she has n#f er regretted h^1
work. j*
It is interesting to kn<#** that Mrs. Pat
terson is not in favor <>| woman suffrage
ilpro is a woman who h?s l?een acquaint
ed w.'h working womej for many >ear?
and she believes that Intelligent women
will '.rain nothing from l^ual suffrage l?e
<"ause of the immense? increase of the
unintelligent vote that >.vii! b<- .-aimed bv
The addition To the unintelligent women
This swelling of the ui intelligent vote ?
considered by Mrs. Peterson to be the
principal argument ac?. inst woman suf
Rush for Refcpirators.
ANK would have io go far to And
pr^atpr hustler* than the wonifn
of Britain are when I comes to making
tilings for their menftt the front Thei
i n d e f a t i ga b?1 i t y
been demonstrated
war began, but ne
than i;i response to
flee appeal for respi
in Klauders. Kespi
of course, owing I
his direction has
iequently since the
r more striking!*'
he recent war of
\tors for the arm \
itors were needed,
he sudden use by
the Germans of po onous gases as
means of warfare
by the hundreds of 1
office appeal for th
papers on a Wednei
within forty-eight h
announcement was
that sufficient respi
ceived and asking tl
to send any more,
quickly that some
I*ers on Friday whk i
announcement on t*
hex- were wanted
ousunds. The wfl >
Appeared in the
lay morning. And
urs another official
jrthcoming stating
itors had been re
p public please not
It all happened so
f the evening pa
carried the later
r news pages also
carried on their insiie ones the original
appeal and elaborate instructions for
making respirators,}there having been
no time to take thefatter out.
Meanwhile the rufi for the materials
of which respirator^are made had been
something unprecedented. By 3 o'clock
of the day on whtij'h the appeal was
made most of the frincipal shops and
stores had entirely exhausted their
stock of narrow elaitlc. One big house
had by that time sdld 12,000 pounds of
wool and 18,000 packets of gauw. By
the end of the same day another estab
lishment had accepted orders to make
25,000 respirators for the front.

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