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Fair and slightly cooler tonight; Sun day partly cloudy; Ught westerly winds. Temperature past twenty-four hours: . High, 88, at * p.m. yesterday; low, 67, at 6 a.m. today. For full report see page 9. "From Preu to Home Within the Hour" Uit Week*! Sworm Net Circulation? Daily Arera*e, Tl^STi Sunday, 82^62. No. 19,981. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 12, 1915-TWENTY PAGES. ONE CENT. DEAD HEAPED HIGH BEFORE RUSS WIRE BATTLE BARRICADES Germans Checked at Nearly All Points on Eastern Front, Is Claim. CZAR'S MEN RESUMING OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS Have Been Forced to Pay Heavy Toll for Gains in Past Few Days. SUCCESSES DEEMED TIMELY Teutons Will Be Unable to Detach Great Forces to Send to West ern or Italian Fronts. LONDON. June 12.?Almost at every point along the great battle line of the east Russian arms are once more demonstrat ing their effectiveness, as the Austro-German advance has been stopped, possibly temporarily, at practically every point, and the Russians, in turn, are moving for ward. The fighting has been of intense character, Russian state ments making mention of the piles of German dead piled high before barbed-wire entangle ments, following futile charges of Teutonic forces in their deter mined efforts to continue their recently successful offensive movements. Russians, it is ad mitted. also have been forced to pav heavv toll for the gains made in the past few days. Success of Russian arms at this juncture of the war is considered most timely, for the Germanic forces will be unable to detach large forces and send them either to the western or Italian arenas, as was feared during the time the Teutonic advance was unchecked. Bome Already Detached. Soma German forces. It is declared, already have been detached from the Gallclan armies and hurried to the Isonzo front, but It is felt that even more men will be needed there If Italy keeps pressing on toward Trieste The latest official announcement from Petrograd asserts that the Russians have assumed the offensive along the Duhysa river and in the Baltic prov inces. and they concede the loss of ground nowhere except along the River Pruth in Bukowina. Three Great Battles. Viewing the recent fighting in Galicia ? 11 perspective it may be divided rough ly into three great battles. The chief of these was fought forty mil? to the southeast of I.emberg, where the forces under Gen. von Mnslngen had not onlv crossed the Dniester, but had progressed twelve miles beyond get ting astride of the Umlwrg railroad. These were the forces which the Rus sians apparently have force.l back with heavy loss, thus placing the river in Russian hands throughout. The second great battle, or series of battles. took place in the territory between I'gartsberg and Zydachow. and along this lino the Russians claim to have repulsed the Germans, with severe punishment North of both of these areas the Ger man cheek was complete German Attacks Continue. Germanic forces are In no wise dis couraged by Russian successes of the past few days, for their attacks con tinue with unabated fury West or Sbavlt determined aggressive moves have been made, but, according to Petrograd. all attacks have resulted disastrously for the enemy. Russians have gained distinct suc cesses at several points along the line, among them being: ^ . . On the left bank or the Dubyssa from Shavliany to Betlgnola where prisoners and many supplies were taken In a fierce night attack. In the region of Moseiska. where enemy attacks have proved fruitless tjn the right bank <>f me Dniester, between the Rivers Tismenica and SvUca. where many prisoners have been &0"Mhe left bank of the Dniester, on the Olchowi.e and Bukaszowi.e front. Where 1 tie fighting has been desperate, for the villages of Olrhowiw, Novo chine. Wyschnuve and Kozara, termin ating in the complete defeat of the enemy, who was thrown across the J>nie8ter In the village of Wyschnuve, where ten i?una and other munitions have b?en taken. v . The brtdKeh*a<1 at Hallcz, where the Enemy's attacks have been repulsed. German Officer Says Russ Resistance Has Not Yet Been Broken AMSTERDAM, via l.ondon, June 12.? Col. Richard Gaedke, retired, one of the best known German military writers, in an article in the Vorwaerts warns against overestimating the Ger man successes in the east. He argues that the power and resistance of modern armies Is much greater than formerly, and declares there has been only one real vlutory in the eust, namely Gen. von Hlndenburg's feat near Tannenberg. and that became finally only of local importance, while the Germans' continual blows have not yet succeeded in breaking the Russian re sistance. ... "Prxemysl may have had only the value of a rear guard,' he continues, ?for the Russians Intended te Impede the advance of the Austro-German cen ter. and this task the fortress ful filled without too great sacrifices." Col. Gaedke arrived at the conclusion that In Galicia In a reasonable time a great, but not flnal decision, may b? ? axpeoted. ? Ittt :e March Toward Durazzo as Montenegrins Make for Port of Alessio. NISH DEFENDS ACTION AS AID TO POWERS Invaded Country Declared to Be Hot bed of Austro-Tnrkish Intrigue. LONDON. June 12.?Serbia is continu ing her systematic occupation of north ern and central Albania, and she may even now be in possession of .Scutari. Following the example of the Ital ians, who occupied Avlona, an Alba nian port on the Straits of Otranto. the Serbians are marching across northern Albania toward the port of Durazzo, while the Montenegrins are making for the port of Alessio, still farther nbrth. The opinion is generally expressed here that these occupations probably will spell the end of Albanian integ rity. Serbs Defend Incursion. The Serbian press bureau Issued a statement today at Nish defending the incursion of Serbian troops into Al bania, and concluding as follows: "Serbia realizes the Albanian ques tion will be definitely settled by Europe, but she also is conscious of the fact that measures such as she is now taking are as much in the interests of the great powers as her own." The reasons for the present expedi tion, as given In the statement, are that Albania has been a hot-bed of Austro-Turkish intrigue, resulting in Albanian raids in Serbia, and that Serbia realized long since that its fighting front against Austria would include the entire Albanian frontier. The statement recites tjjat Serbia, dur ing the Balkan war, Reached the open sea through Albania, only to be forced to relinquish this territory through Austrian influence. Operations in Albania. ROME, Italy, June 12.?The Scutari, Albania, correspondent of the Giornale D'ltalia, in a dispatch dated June 10, concerning operations in Albania, states that a detachment of Montenegrins occupied Ducaglnl and Luna, continu ing as far as Spach and Remesi, the plan being to occupy Ihe plateau of Zoarina, which overlooks Alessio. A Serbian detachment, says the cor respondent, after occupying Pogradtz, Starova, Lueque and Kermenlka, oc cupied Eibassan and then pushed on against light resistance and entered Tirana. He states that a battle Is be lieved to be imminent at Durazzo. Austria Makes Protest. AMSTERDAM, via London, June 12.? The Austro - Hungarian government sent an identical note to the foreign powers Wednesday, says a telegram from Vienna, protesting against the Italian blockade of the Albanian coast. The note is said to have de clared the blockade contrary to the rights of a state, the sovereignty and neutrality of which were especially acknowledged by Italy. Worth Reading Tomorrow Next Monday is Flag (bay, and there are a number of "Famous American Flags." TMt> story should interest every American. "She Made the Star Spangled Ban ner" is the title of an article about a Baltimore woman who fashioned the flag that flew over Fort McHenry. "Uncle Snm, Labor Boss, Has Half a Million People in His Civilian Army," is an interview with George B. MeGinty, secretary of the interstate commerce com mission, written by Ashmun Brov.m. ?London Hears of a Plan to Sup plant English Language With German After Wnr" is an inter esting exposition of activities allegedly contemplated by Ger many after peace is declared. Frank G. Carpenter tvrites of features of life and work in Pamgwiy's capital. ' Mexico's Food Problem Will Be Difficult to Solve" says Charles M. Pepper. "Landscape Design for Public Parks of Washington" will make the Nation's Capital the most beautiful city <n the world. "Every Day in the Year a Flag Day in Uncle Ham's Army and Navy." '?Where the Designer of Our Flag Obtained the Idea for the Use of Stars and Stripes." "Anecdotes of the Star Spangled Banner." "The First Man to Come Back" by Cleveland Mofjett, a story of the poisoned arrow country in the heart of South America. "A Georgia Shakespeare," by Harry Stillwell Edv:ards. "In the Room A<ross From His," by Florence Hyerson, a charm ing love story. "Successful husbands and Wives/' a full-page spread of pUrtwres. "Where Not to Stand in a Thunrlerstorm" and "He Paints at the Bottom of the Sea." Tomorrow In The Sunday Star Informs President Wilson of His Desire for "Triumph of Revolutionary Principles." SUGGESTS TO CARRANZA CONFERENCE OF LEADERS Proposition Made to "Unite and Re organize"?Acquiescence of Other Mexican Leaders Invited. EL PASO, Tex., Jane \2.? Gen. Villa in a note to President V\ ilson expresses willingness "to invite a new union of all Mexi cans * * * to work together to insure the triumph of the revo lutionary principles, especially the agrarian problem and the ex tension of instruction among the poorer classes." Another note signed by Francisco ? ma has been despatched to Gen. Ve nustlano Carranza, asking the latter to agree to a conference of leaders in Mexico "to unite and reorganize." The note states that propositions are being placed before Emiliano Zapata and Roque Gonzales Garza. No explana tion from Gen. Villa In this connection Is had of the reported ousting of Garza from the capltol at Mexico City. Garra was chosen provisional presi dent by the Aguascallentes conven tion of Mexican chiefs several months ago. The communications were formulated Aguas^att^ V,,,a and h" Staff at Gen. Villa, In his Invitation for a con actloS* Fl&t* tw tW<? rt**on* for Ws ' th,at unlees the constitu tionalists reorganize the government the r)Iaz party) will again get control under the guise of another name. *nd, second, unless conditions in Mexico ln?M??Ynit<d State? W1U tt, TP, 'nyltatlon requests an early reply, Ovitprellminarlee for the conference? if a*T?0<1 to- may be arranged. ?ureesfii* f?r h?ldin? the Is <Hve? Guarantee of Protection. GALVESTON, Tex., June 12.?Gen. Gonzales, commanding constitutional troops advancing on Mexico City, has Issued a proclamation In which he guarantee, protection for all persons In the capital; that there will be no wm >, taxe5 >?*'??: that full payment will be made for all supplies taken onernj^ I8 ""il" the merchants to co , re,leving the distress of the of the?nrnM ?NeWS of the <??uance or tne proclamation reachnH ?t'th?t,?n,allSt c,onBulate ^iere today The Information was also given that the forces of Gonzales are within sixty of jjexlco* c^.0Ut <"??> Convicted Americans Heported Safe. George Marx and 8. Franklin, the Americans under -death sentence in WtXm?one rRed ""th c,rcu,",n* c?unter t^.T k are Bafe from execution until First official news fmrv% a sources, of the battle'?? t American both villa anTca?Lf,?Le?n, In which ly have claimed victory? r^eiferf day refute Carranza rer^. / ,r.# to" fout and say his army?,T!?? Villa s large quantities of ml,', Libera with that the Carranza forced fre "i'1" an<1 advance. are 1o" weak to Confirms Villa's Claim. The dispatch confirms Villas claim of victory at Silan ,J c,aim ?he later battle at SEn'ZfV?" the supplies he had taken "in'",?? former fight. He retired fr,' , to Libera, the dispatch says because a flank movement of Carrania tm made Leon untenable for occupation"" fUr"uTrKh7CtU,ehraeVein',ewhr!bhft<1 .,h* ssSS?H??BS'Ws Several weeks probably will v,<? 0i s ssss announced by President Wilson in h"iH recent statement warning the faction*? leaders to "accommodate their differ threatened ooX""'" l? ,hc fam1" Red Cross Work Proceeds. In the meantime replies from Villa and farranza will be awaited; the govern ?"l watch with interest the efforts lST"1 faCU?"S t0 hurr> * ?=' ? "1 of1,>Leir "'"^nces on the bat tlefield. and the American Hed Cross will ^v..^ W"h "e Work of sieving stdrvlng non-combatants. It is regarded a. probable that the next action by the Jimfa.,entat'"H w1" ^ ,ake? unt" a permanent successor to Mr Brvan .Secretary- of State has been narked rMarv J* Esplnosa Mireles. private se<v and has Xln'^ Washfn^ with Eliieo iLJ j ^ conference m- close" iv,a Manu^S of learning at fli^Ith^nH ,?T PurPose hear?T;ron ^io'x heads of their respective factions. TO CONFER Oe MEXICO Capt. James Thorntown, who owes his title to the fact that he has served as an officer in the famous Texas Rangers, has arrived in Washington for the purpose of holding here next week conferences with a number of Texas men, as well as former residents of Mexico, which may result, lie thinks, in proposals and information to be laid before the Department of State. Capt. Thorntown has resided in Mex ico for thu past ten years, and for fif teen years before that was a resident of the hordT. He served as purchas (Cqjjtlnued on Second ?d^Pa*e.) A BUSY LITERARY BUREAU. JUSTICE STAFFORD RULES ON CIVIL SERVICE ISSUE Sustains Secretary Lane's Contention Against Arant Reinstate ment Claim. The expression "classified civil serv ice of the United States," as used by Congress in the act of August 24, 1912, prohibiting removals without written charges, does not include persons ap pointed to government positions with out examination, competitive or oth erwise, according to a decision of Jus-4 tice Stafford of the District Supreme Court. The court, accordingly, overruled a demurrer of William F. Arant, former superintendent of the Crater Lake Na tional Park, in Oregon, to the answer of Secretary Lane to a mandamus pro ceeding brought a few weeks ago by Mr. Arant to secure his reinstatement. Mr. Arant claimed to be within the | j classified civil service, and invoked the ! act of August 24, 1912, to secure his I reinstatement. Not Purpose of CongTess. Secretary Lane, in his answer, set up the contention that even though the civil service commission had defined the expression used by Congress to in clude "excepted positions," such as su perintendent of a national park, the real purpose of Congress was not to include such positions. The court accepted the view of the Secretary and dismissed the petition for mandamus. Through Attorney H. Prescott Gatley an appeal was noted by Mr. Arant. Secretary Lane was represented by Solicitor West and Assistant Attorney Wright. outbreak OF CHOLERA CAUSES PANIC IN VIENNA PARIS. June 12. A dispatch from Udine, Italy, dated Friday and sent by the correspondent of the Havas Agency, says: "Bosnian deserters who have ar rived here declare that the cholera in Austria is much worse than the out break of last year. A Kreat panic, it Is asserted, has been created in Vienna by the epidemic." dutch government WOULD ENLARGE NAVY LiONDON, June 12.?A dispatch to Reuters from The Hague says. "The government's bill for the en largement of the Dutch navy will aslt for an appropriation of ?10,000,000. The program includes two cruisers, four submarines and six sea planes." GERMAN NEWSPAPERS NOW FACE suspension lX)NDON, June 12.?A syndicate of German newspaper publishers has ad dressed to Chancellor ? von Bethmann Hollweg. according to a Berlin dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company, a request for the immediate suppression of the duty on foreign paper. The publishers declare that unless this is done it is doubtful if they will be able to continue the publication of their papers if the war continue for an extend ed period, as present prices are virtually prohibitive, and their losses of revenue a8 the result of the conflict average 50 per cent. German Baron Killed in Battle. BERLIN, June 12.?Baron Ernst von gpn.ifeld. nineteen-year-old son of Prince Ernst of Saxe-Meiningen, has fallen in battle. His' name is included In one of the latest casualty list*. Washington Has Largest Municipal Hennery and Hog Farm. Supt. Whittaker of the District workhouse at Occoquan, Va.. is preparing to teach the whole country something about the raising of chickens and hogs. Not a death among the first thousand chicks raised, and cholera will find it almost im possible to reach these hogs. Read the story to morrow in The Sunday Star. ENGAGING TURKS IN GREAT BATTLE Allies Occupy Hills Near Maidos?Approach Gallipoli After Fierce Fighting. LONDON, June 12.?"A great battle has been in progress since Thursday around Maidos. The allies occupied I two hills near Maidos. A Senegalese | regiment took 700 Turks prisoners on the heights of Ortakeui near Maidos," | says the Athens correspondent of the i Daily Express in regard to the opera tions at the Dardanelles. I "The allies are now fighting In the : region of the town of Gallipoli, hav 1 ing arrived within four hours* march after terrific fighting. The extreme ! left of the allied forces threatens to encircle the enemy in the intrench ments to the north of the town. "The authorities at Constantinople have conwnandeered forty ships as floating hospitals." "Black Hand King" Is Killed. | CHICAGO, June 12.?Peter Catala ' netto, called by the police the "king of | the Black Hand," was shot and killed I yesterday in the North Side Italian quarters. The murderer disappeared. Home Service livery afternoon between 4 and 5 o'clock over 300 schoolboys deliver The Star to most of the homes in every block in Washington. This regular service is one of the established institu tions of Washington. . . Thousands of business men in the city today . got their first idea of responsi bility when they were. Star easier boys. Yesterday's Advertising of Local Stores Lines. Tke Evening Star 22,193 The 2nd Newspaper... 12,832 The 3rd Newspaper. .. 9,901 The 4th Newspaper. .. 5,346 The Star is read every day in 60,000 homes in Washington, and in 10,000 suburban or more distant homes, . Twenty-Nine of Its Vessels Sent Down Since War Began. LONDON, June 12, 12:30 p.m.?The Exchange Telegraph Company has re ceived a dispatch from its correspond ent at Copenhagen who says that the Norwegian war insurance bureau an nounces that Norway has lost twenty nine vessels of all classes since the outbreak of the war, with a total val uation of 30,000,000 crowns ($7,500,000). The British steamer Leuctra was tor pedoed and sunk off Yarmouth today. The crew was rescued. The Leuctra was engaged in the transatlantic trade. She was last re ported at Buenos Aires May 21. She was 324 feet long, of 3,027 tons gross and was built In 1899. She was owned in Port Glasgow, Scotland. Trawlers Sent Down. The trawler Waago has been sunk by a German submarine In the North sea. The members of the crew of the fishing boat have been landed at Hartlepool. The trawler Intrepid has been sunk by a German submarine in the North sea. The members of the crew of the vessel, who have been landed by a steamer at Lowestoft, were in one of the ship's boats for twenty-one hours and without food before the steamer picked them up. The crew of the Lowiestoft trawler Britannia, which was sunk by a Ger man submarine, have landed at Lowe stoft. They were given time to leave their craft before the Germans blew up the vessel with a bomb. Capt. Smith of the British schooner Express has arrived at Plymouth, and reports that his vessel was sunk by the German submarine U-25. Capt. Smith says one of the officers of the submarine told him that he dis approved of submarine attacks on merchantmen, but that unless the sub marine commanders carried out their orders they would be shot. The officer added, according to Capt. Smith, that submarine warfare such as the Ger mans were engaged in was useless to them. "Why," Capt. Smith says the German officer asked him, "do not the big ships come out and fight?" Munitions on German Ship. NAPLES, June 12.?The German steamer Bayern, which has been In terned In this port since last August, has been uuloaded by the Italian au thArthorough search of her cargo wa& made Hidden under ostensible goods of no particular importance were field runs machine guns and several aero planes As none of this war material was mentioned in the ship's papers, the customs authorities seized it all. The Ravern sailed from Hamburg several days before the opening of hostilities between Austria and Serbia. She put into Naples and remained here for "^The^ German government tried repeat edly to obtain possession of her cargo, I bUt permission to remove this always was refused by the Italian authorities. Former Secretary Intends to Issue Another Statement Defending Course. GOING TO OLD POINT FOR TWO-DAY REST Worked Harder, He Thinks, at Head of State Department Than Any Predecessor. Former Secretary Bryan Intends to reply tonight to some of the attacks that have been made upon him the past few days. In a statement made public by him today announcing that he intends to leave with Mrs. Bryan to night for a trip to Old Point Com fort, to be gone until Tuesday, it was said that he would "give out for pub lication in tomorrow's papers a brief correction of two mistaken statements which have gained circulation." Mr. Bryan would not indicate what the two mistaken statements to which he takes exception are, but callers at his home, where he spent the day receiving visitors after a horseback ride this morning, gained the impres sion that he is somewhat restive un der Imputations which have been placed upon his actions the past few days, and that he feels that he ought to be set rig^t before the people. Receives Many Visitors. Telegrams and visitors continue to absorb Mr. Bryan's attention. Among the visitors today was Cone Johnson of the State Department. Mr. Bryan said he is receiving visits from various persons who have been engaged in work with him upon different matters in the past. Another visitor today was Mgr. William T. Russell, pastor of St. Patrick's Church. Commenting upon his intention to take a holiday, Mr. Bryan said today: "The next two weeks will be devoted largely to rest. During the two years and three months which have elapsed since I entered the State Department I have had but little vacation ? con siderably les sthan the time which the law gives to all government employes. If any historian is interested enough to examine the record he will And that no former Secretary has been at his desk a greater number of hours each day or a greater number of days in the year, and I am sure none of my predecessors has had to deal with more problems of the first magnitude* It has been a long and severe strain, and Mrs. Bryan has shared it with me. We both feel the need of rest and shall avail ourselves of this opportunity to secure it. We shall go to Old Point Comfort tonight, spend Sunday and Monday there, and return Tuesday morning. By that time we shall have our plans matured for the remainder of June and possibly for a longer period." No Lack of Friendship. Mr. Bryan referred to German-Ameri cans in his statement addressed to them, published elsewhere in The Star today, as "fellow-citizens in whose patriotism I have entire confidence." Besides asking theit they use their in fluence with the Berlin government in maintaining peace between Germany and the United States, Mr. Bryan urged: , That they forget, never to be re called, any suspicion of lack of neu trality or friendship toward the Ger man people on the part of the Presl dent of the United States. That they should not attempt to con nect negotiations between the United States and Germany with those be tween the United States and Great Britain, because "the cases are differ ent.1' That Germany should acquiesce in demands that have been made by the United States without condition, trust ing the "United States to deal justly with her in the consideration of any changes she may propose in the inter national rules that govern the taking of prizes" growing out of submarine war fare. Unjustly Criticised, He Says. Mr. Bryan declared that President Wilson had been unjustly criticised by partisans of both sides in the Euro pean conflict; expressed confidence that German-Americans would stand by their adopted country in case of war between the United States and Ger many; maintained that killing of in nocent women and children, either by drowning or starving, could not be justified, and suggested a change ill the shipping laws to exclude passengers from ships carrying contraband or am munition. Among the telegrams to -which Mr. Bryan has given publicity are the fol lowing: From Henry Weissman of Brooklyn, N. Y., president of the United German American Alliance of Greater New York. consisting of 25.000 organized Americans of German extraction, heartily congratulating Mr. Bryan for his "patriotic position. The telegram concluded: "We fully indorse your brilliant statement and pledge our sup port." Praised by Labor Unions. Another from the Central Labor Union of Lawrence. Mass.. said: "We commend you for your determined stand against any attempt to Involve our country In the European war." From George L. Berry, Morrlstown, Tenn., president of the International Printing Pressmen's Union, represent ing 40,000 pressmen: "The members of this union have read with great inter est the text of your reasons for resign ing, and I am authorized to send you our hearty commendation upon the stand you have taken." LIQUOR TRAFFIC BOARD LS GIVEN WIDE POWERS LONDON, June 12.?The Gazette has Issued the text of the order in council creating and defining the powers of the "central control of liquor traffic board," to consist of a chairman and such other persons as the minister of munitions may appoint, to control the sale and supply of intoxicating liquors within prescribed areas. The board Is given wide powers to regulate the hours of sale and even to prohibit entirely the sale of liquor and other wise to accomplish Its ends. The same Issue of the Gazette con tains an order modifying the factory workshop act. This exempts any workshop or factory from restrictions ?If it la necessary to secure the carrying on of work required In the Mblio la ter eata." OFFICIAL EYES ON < CAPITAL OF KAISER Washington Awaits Word From Berlin as to Note's Reception. SENTIMENT IS REPORTED TO BE AGAINST YIELDING German Ambassador Leaves City for Vacation. His Destination Be ing a Secret. Officially Washington today looked to Ambassador Gerard in Berlin for some Indication of how the German government views the American note to Germany concerning her submarine warfare. Members of the administration seemed to have settled down, with an air of confidence, to await Germany's reply. The President himself went ofT to golf on his regular week-end recre ation, and many cabinet members wer? out of the city. There was a marked relaxation in the tensity which per vaded official circles during the prep aration of the note and which accom panied former Secretary Bryan's resig nation. Unofficial advices received here said that officials of the German foreign of fice were familiarizing themselves with the contents of the note, and it was expected here that as soon as they had done so the ambassador would promptly send some definite informa tion concerning the German attitude. It was also stated that Germany probably would not give its answer pending the arrival of Meyer Gerhard, the personal representative of Count von Bernstorff, the German ambassa dor to Washington. From this it was concluded here that a reply would not be forthcoming for perhaps a fort night. German Envoy Leaves City. Count von Bernstorff, the German ambassador, left Washington today for a short vacation. His destination was withheld by the embassy. While Mr Brfan firmly refused to discuss the identical phraseology of the note as shown him and as sent to Germany, It was made clear at the State Department today just what happened. There were minor changes inserted in the language of the note just before it was put in its final form and these changes were made before the note was shown to Mr. Bryan by Counseler Lansing, now Secretary of State ad interim. Mr. Bryan's resignation had been al ready tendered, but had not yet taken effect. Changes made in this final form apparently did nto affect the attitude of Secretary Bryan. The note in the pre cise text as shown him was then put in code and sent to Berlin without the change of a word or letter. Whether the President directed that the final note be shown to Mr. Bryan was not disclosed, but it would have been shown to him anyway without any instructions, as technically Mr. Brvan was still in office. Word from Ambassador Gerard as to the German attitude toward the Amer ican note was awaited with the keen est interest here, particularly in view of conflicting unofficial information from Berlin. Dispatches coming direct from Ber lin said that some quarters in Berlin regarded the note as more conciliatory than cable dispatches had indicated. On the other hand, dispatches received by way of London said that Berlin was pessimistic regarding the continued maintenance of friendly relations with the United States. Against Granting Demands. German opinion, it was said, was unanimously against granting the American demands for assurances that American ships and lives would not be endangered by submarine warfare. The feeling in official circles in Washington, however, continued op timistic that a way would be found for a peaceful settlement of the issue be tween Germany and the United States. Hopes were based upon the friendly character of the note which they re garded as opening the door to a satis factory adjustment with honor to hoth countries. This confidence of a favor able outcome of the negotiations also was shared by diplomats here. Officials made it clear that the note purposely' had been phrased ?o as lo reiterate the earnestness of the United States with respect to th- principles of humanity and International law. and at the same time to afford Germany an opportunity with dignity to make her practice square with the principles ex pressed. Note to London Soon. It was officially stated that a not# would soon be sent to Great Britain and her allies, insisting on a change in the operation of the blockade con ducted by them so as to conform with I the principles of international law foi - | bidding Interference with trade In non contraband articles passing to an I from a belligerent country through "ft!fT ".""'S3' isMs&ss-sraffi case In the American correspondence G',rT,M,1ent issued last night by rhlle-rtS\hee serndlSK of a note urging prompt adherence ^^f^'^ote 'of to Great Br'^ina^d^panc. concerning the 1'resident had Bryan disclosed that the wht-n fhfnote wohuld be sent.' but that the intention to send such a communica tlon was fixed. Interest In Mediation Offer. Close reading tn diplomatic quarter, of the American note to Germany pre sented by Ambassador Gerard, the sec ond since the Lusitanla was sunk, brought out a variety of prediction.! and views as to the manner in which Germany would reply. . Much importance was attached to the statement of the willingness of the iTnlted States to exercise Its good of fices as between the belligerent* 'n any attempt to come to an understandinr "hv which the character and condi tions of the war upon the sea may b* champed." This it was believed In many quarters might result in a cor respondence that might ultimately lead to peace negotiations. It was learned, too. that copies of the American note to Germany had been cabled^to the Ameriean embassies at Londo* Paris. ? m -nftnlArML.