OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 13, 1915, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1915-06-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Star's Sunday Magazine
And Colored Comic Section
No. 532? No. 19,983
Mexican Leader Answers Re
cent Warning of Mr. Wilson
With Claim to Recognition.
Latter. However. Has Not Yet Been
Presented to the Department
of State.
First Chief Declares the Government
He Heads Now Controls Seven
Eighths of Mexican
Carranza's reply to President
Wilson's recent warning to the
warring Mexican factions is be
fore the President. Villa's an
swer has reached Washington,
but has not yet been presented to
the State Department.
The Carranza document, issued
as a "proclamation to the people,"
declares the right of the con
stitutionalist government to rec
ognition by the United States and
other governments, and says that
lack of such recognition is the
only hanthcapi to restoration of
constitutional government in
Mexico. The statement asserts:
"At this time we believe our
selves to be in a position to over
come this last difficulty because
the constitutionalist government
is now actually in definite posses
sion of sovereignty and the legiti
mate exercise of sovereignty is
the essential condition which
should be taken into account
when deciding upon recognition
of a government."
State Department Silent.
The Villa agency here declined to
tftoeuee the Villa reply until it has
been presented and the text made pub
lic. Officials of the State Department
declined to comment on the abstract
of the Villa statement carried in press
dispatches, or upon a copy of a letter
from Villa to Carranza, also received
at the agency, which urges that dif
ferences be forgotten and suggests a
personal meeting between the two
leaders to arrange for co-operation
and the restoration of peace.
Gen Carranza's proclamation was
formally handed to Consul Stillman at
i."\.Cruz Frlday 'or transmission to
Washington. It was promptly laid
before President Wilson and State De
"ar'fent officials would not discuss it
. document recites the history of
the revolution through five years be
ginning with the Madero uprising
against 1 orfirio Diaz and what is
termed the economic and social in
equality of the colonial epoch The
length of the revolution, it asserts, is
due to attempts at compromises with
Oudal^aJez.0' ^ ?W at
Mad'ro'? failure the docu
rwL attributes to the opposition from
Oroaco. Reyes and Felix Diaz of the
anrt Zapala' instigated by
their^adherents. Gen. Huerta. It ex
consummated the movement,
with the co-operation of "a group of
foreigners favored hi the olrl regime
f.)rm."rUArOUr"i1'"1 H*nr>' '-?">* Wlison.
former American ambassador to Mexi
ci, and under the pretext of savlnt
Mexico City from war. saving
Th- statement then explains that
governor of the state of i'oahu,
?he r^hll"?1""1 rfcl,resentation of
republic In accordance with the
'wm not^; V?iCl;- by ?? own term.
not lose Its force and vigor even
hough through some rebellion its 0h
servance is interrupted "
Schism of Villa.
.T^'sm of Villa and his follower.
?hlfh later occurred, the statement at
Although It was thought the eon..I
ut on.,i., element had t
Me^co^'iu rhhe" 'h'y w(thdrew from
-Mexico < it>. the statement assert, in
fact It ??w hss control of over ,even
eighths of the national territory Ad
ministrations, i, ? claimed, are bein-r
?even* state's* o^'
porta Co7%^VrunIfm-,d^;;'>?aran is;
port, "of ?n"an
s'ndarh'er,^e decreasing!
?ted to acVs of hnr, '"'?>? " ">?
time occupation of Me?lco <Vl j*
mred. it is stated whin v, ty ls n"'
Kovernmtnt win L ^armoniouir
Mates and territories !irr"
and Justice. rri">r'*" '-aaed on welfare
The constltutioimli.t
done all in its j.ower f.?^*rn">erit has
the people, especiallv'thL atated, for
bidding the !'y for"
has punished Ml,use, and r r f ""d
"vea of those within ?ts ?'"'?! ,he
The work of relieving .i!rrlto?y.
ulation. the statement ? c " P?P"
be facilitated by recent v?,,"' now
have enlarged the sphere whlch
Of the constitutionalist gove^nm."!"*
A" t0 foreign Relations.
In regard to foreign relations C?,n
Carrmnsa assorts thai one of hi JV
Itial acts as flrat chief was t,?
the United States of his "t| "dT^"
ng rebellion and usurpation. He' f?^s
hat bis labor, have bee,, ret.Vded b!
>ack of onderatandlng in the i nit^H
^ (GontinuetJ on Fifteenth Page.)
Former Secretary Says It Was
"Softened," and Declares
War Still Threatens.
Relaxation of Tension Comes in Sit
uation and President Plans to
Go to Cornish, N. H.
Alteration Alluded to by Former
Cabinet Premier Believed to Be
Offer of United States to
Consider Evidence.
Ambassador Gerard officially
announce* delivery of note to
Mr. Bryan says note was ma
terially changed and "softened"
after his resignation was sub
mitted, bat not sufficiently to
make him reconsider resigna
The former Secretary of State
suggests that Germany In anger
may break oif diplomatic rela
tions, adding that "the country
will unanimously support the
President during the war* If so
great a misfortune should over
take us."
Former Secretary replies to
charge of Inconsistency in sign
ing first note to Germany and re
fusing to sign the second*
There Is general relaxation of
tension In International situa
tion. Officials optimistic that
Germany's reply will forestall
possibility of war or break In
diplomatic relations.
Mr. and Mrs. Brysui go to Old
Point C-omfort until Tuesday, and
he is to announce his future
plans upon return.
President plans for vacation at
Cornish, X. H.
William Jennings Bryan, former Sec
retary of State, last night declared that
the note of the United States govern
ment to the German government had
been materially altered after he re
signed his post in the cabinet. In
the last of a series of statements is
sued by the former Secretary he add
ed to this disclosure the suggestion
that Germany in anger may break off
diplomatic relations with the United
States and that war is still threaten
Notwithstanding these statements,
there was apparent a growing con
fidence in official circles that the reply
Germany is now to make the United
States will not so eventuate. Mr.
Bryan's statement, of Interest in con
nection with this confidence, declared
that the note to Germany had been
"soffened," after he resigned from the
cabinet, although not sufficiently to
warrant his withdrawing his resigna
tion. He said danger of war will be
lessened in proportion "as the country
expresses itself in favor of peace In
preference to a war for redress of
such grievances as we have against
Note Delivered, Gerard Says.
Official announcement of the delivery
of the American note to the German gov
! ernment reiterating insistence that sub
marine warfare conform to the laws of
humanity and international law was re
ceived last evening from Ambassador
Gerard at Berlin.
The message came at the close of a
day marked by a more optimistic feeling
in official quarters that the German
answer will obviate any possibility of
war between the nations, and also avoid
a breach of diplomatic relations.
Apparently there was a general re
laxation of tension ih the international
situation. President Wilson spent part
of the day at golf and let It be known
that later in the month he planned to
take a short vacation at his summer
home in Cornish, X. H.
No answer to the American rejoinder
is expected for ten days at Leant and
there is conviction here that the Berlin
authorities will await the arrival there
of Meyer Gerhard, official representa
tive of Ambassador Bernstorff, before
their answer is framed.
Mr. Bryan's Explanation.
In discussing how the note was ma
j terially revised and softened after he
I had presented his resignation. Mr.
I Bryan. In his statement Issued last
j night says:
"It is true that I saw the flnal draft
of the note just before my resignation
Look effect, but it contained an im
i portant change. I had no knowledge
I of this change at the time my resig
| nation was tendered and accepted
j -This change, while very much soft
ening the note, was not, however, suffi
cient. in my Judgment, to Justify'me in
asking permission to withdraw my
resignation. As Germany had suggest
ed arbitration. I felt that we could not
do less than reply to this offer by ex
1 pressing a willingness to apply the
principle of the peace treaties to the
"What was the change In the note?"
Mr. Bryan was asked.
"I cannot discuss that," he replied
It was suggested that the clause
? added to the note was that saylnr the
United States would entertain any evt
! dence Germany might have that of
! ficlals of this government had not
! thoroughly performed their duty In
examining the Lusitania before her
departure to see that she was not
armed for offensive action. Mr. Bryan
only smiled at the suggestion
Secretary Lansing also declined to
discuss changes made in the not,.
The Clause Referred To.
The clause referred to follows:
"If the imperial German rovernment
should deem Itself to be In possession
of convincing evidence that the officials
of the government of the United States
did not perfotpi these duties with,
thoroughness the government of th.
United States sincerely hopes that it
will submit that evidenoe for consid
"Irrespective of whether that clans,
(Continued on Sixteenth Pag.-)
Porto Rosega Captured and
Rovereto and Mori About
to Be Occupied.
Austrian Town of Gradisca in Hands
of Enemy for Several
Attempt to Surprise Invaders Re
sults Disastrously, It Is Declared.
Italians in Agreement With
Allies on Campaign.
LONDON, June 12.?Italians
are advancing successfully every
where in their marches on Trieste
and Trent, according to dispatch
es from different points.
The Italians have captured
Porto Rosega, three miles south
of Monfalcone, according to a
message to the Weekly Dispatch
from its Rome correspondent.
The Italian advance on Rover
eto, thirteen miles southwest of
Trent, and Mori, eighteen miles
southwest of Trent, has pushed
so close to both towns that either
they already have been taken or
are about to be occupied, accord
ing to reports from the front.
The Italians are pushing for
ward on the east bank of the
Isonzo river. In addition to oc
cupying the important town of
Monfalcone, the Italians claim to
have captured the Austrian town
of Gradisca, near Gorizia, several
days ago.
It also is reported that they are
carrying out a strong offensive
all along the river as far up as
Tolmino, which they are en
deavoring to outflank.
Austrian* Driven Back.
Details have Just reached Udine of
the driving back by Italian troops of
an Austrian expedition which attempt
ed to surprise an Italian position near
Montenero, on the Isonzo river line.
In the Austrian force were 7,000 men,
divided into three columns and support
ed by twelve mountain guns on mule
back, which had been taken from the
fortifications at Tarvis. The endeavor
was to surprise the Italians in the
rear. The Austrians advanced through
narrow passes. They were, however,
quickly seen by the Italian sentinels
and the alarm was passed along the
Italian lines.
Enemy Is Deceived.
The Italians took their positions
quietly, and were careful to keep out
of sight, thus deceiving the Austrians
into believing that their advance was
being made successfully. At a given
moment the Alpine troops and the
Bersaglieri orened flre simultaneously.
The rain of bullets was kept up until
the orders came for a charge. Shouting
"Long Live Savoy" the Italians dash
ed forward.
Although the Austrians fought des
perately they were thrown into great
disorder and compelled to withdraw.
Some of the mules with mountain guns
on their backs, as well as a number of
men, fell over a precipice. The losses
of the Austrians are said to have been
Italian Objectives.
Italian forcaes. which are advancing
from Monfalcone in the direction of
Trieste, have two immediate objectives;
one is to gain possession of the sea
coast on the Gulf of Anzona, and the
other to command the good road which
comes down from the mountains at
Nabresina, which is half-way between
Monfalcone and Trieste.
The 12th Regiment of Bersaglieri,
who virtually fought four days con
tinuously against the Austrians defend
ing Tolmino, have the heaviest losses
of any Italian detachment since the
beginning of the war.
Officer Shows Bravery.
Col. De Rossi was twice wounded,
but he refused to be removed from the
fighting line until he saw that all his
men were safe. The second officer in
command. Col. Negrotto, was killed,
having suffered many wounds.
Col. De Rossi was promoted to the
rank of general before ,the war broke
out, but he asked that the war office
postpone his promotion, as he desired
to lead his regiment under flre. When
King Victor Emmanuel visited him at
the hospital to confer a medal, Col.
De Rossi said he was proud of his
Bersaglieri. Although outnumbered, he
told the king, his men had succeeded
in repulsing the Austrians and none
was taken prisoner.
Scope of Italian Campaign.
Information has been received here
from Italian sources that Italy had
made an agreement with her allies as to
the extent of her offensive c&mpailrn.
According to this information, which
lacks official confirmation, the Italian
government has undertaken to conduct
operations of a character which will
compel Austria and Germany to bring
up and keep engaged an army of 1.000,000
men. Italian operations have not been
carried to the point necessitating the
use by the central empires of an army
of such size, but it is expected the de
velopment of the Italian campaign, be
ginning with the heavy fighting along
the I son so river, will compel Italy's
opponents to reinforce their armies
! largely.
Rebuke is Handed Out
to Austrian Troops for
Success of Italians
ROME. Juns 12. via Parts. Juns H.?
(Continued on Sixteenth Pas*.)
Arms and Ammunition Men, In
eluding Army Officers, Em
barrass Uncle Sam.
Lured by the promise of greatly in
creased pay, a large number of highly
trained civil employes at government
arsenals have gone to private arms and j
ammunition factories since the Euro- i
pean war began, it was learned last
night. Several commissioned officers
of the army, experts in ordnance man
ufacture, have resigned from the serv
ice and gone into the employ of these
private manufacturers, as well as re
tired officers.
The result has been, it is said, to
threaten serious embarrassment in
keeping the American army properly
supplied with arms and ammunition.
Ordnance officials of the army are con
fronted with a serious problem. It
was learned last night that officials of
the War Department have been look
ing over the law to see what can be
done to retain its trained men.
Old Statute Applicable.
The officers can, of course, be held
by not accepting their resignations.
It is also found that in 1800, when
complications with France threatened,
a statute was enacted providing a fine
of $50 and imprisonment for three
months for any person seeking to in
duce an employe of a government ar
senal to leave that employment during
the life of his contract with the gov
Tha statute ha? never been repealed,
but no attempt to invoke it has been
made within the memory of any living
man. Army officials are said to feel
that it may be necessary to bring it
to bear to protect the government's
own supply of arms and ammunition.
Virtually the entire force of trained
imen in the manufacture of other than
[ small arms ammunition and sporting
rifles were in government emplov
when the European war began, it is
Big Offers Reported.
Several cases of men who were being
paid $5 a day by the government and
were offered as high as $5,000 a year
have been reported. It takes time to
train machinists to the specla^ work
of gun and ammunition building and
the contracts with belligerent govern
ments called for speed.
At the beginning of the war the to
tal capacity of small arms ammunition
plants in the United States was 2.000.
OOO' rounds a day, the government's
arsenals representing half that amount
To what extent the private plants have
increased their capacity, is not known,
but their orders require enormous ex
tension of facilities and the govern
ment men were needed to train new
- ________ ^
Hennon Carey Bumpui It Formally
Inaugurated as President.
MEDFORD, Mass., June 12.?Hermon
Carey Bumpui was formally Inaugu
rated as president of Tufts College to
day. the exercises being conducted on
the campus in the presence of an audi
ence Including many prominent edu
cators. Among the guests were rep
resentatives of educational institutions
at Oxford, Louvain,. Liverpool ind Cal
cutta universities. The opening address
waB made by President A. Lawrence
Lowell of Harvard University.
Luncheon in Goddard gymnasium was
followed by a discussion of "The Ob
ligations of the College to the State."
?hy Gov. David X. Walsh, Louis g
Reber of the University of Wisconsin,
Presidents Kenyon T. Butterfleld of the
Massachusetts Agricultural College,
Alexander Melklejohn of Amherst Col
lege and G. Stanley Hall of dark Unl
I varsity.
Vandals Also Tear Leaf From
the Historic Masonic
Lodge Bible.
Special Correspondence of The Star.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., June 12.? A
tourist vandal or vandals visited Alex
andria this afternoon and stole the
silver autograph plate from the door
of the pew of George Washington in
historic Christ P. E. Church, where
Washington was a worshiper, and
also stole a leaf from the old Bible
on the Masonic altar at the Masonic
Temple, highly prized for its age as
one of the relics of that lodge. It is
generally believed that the same party
or parties committed both thefts.
The theft of the leaf from the Bible
is thought to have taken place about
2 p.m. and that at Christ Church about
3 o'clock. The Bible leaf theft was
discovered first.
George W. Zachary, tyler of Alex
andria-Washington Lodge, noticing the
Bible on the altar disarranged, dis
covered that a leaf had been torn from
the book. ?
Raymond Padgett. attendant at
Christ Church, when conducting a
party of tourists through the church,
a short time after having shown a
large crowd through, discovered that
the silver splate on the door of the
pew whichNwas occupied by Washing
ton had been unscrewed and removed.
Not Original Plate.
The plate stolen today bore a copy
of Washington's signature, but was not
the original plate, placed thereon by
George Washington when he was a
pewh older.
This plate is the second one stolen.
The original plate was removed during
the civil war for safekeeping by Mrs.
Robert C. Powell of this city. When
the federal troops occupied Alexandria
one of the officers' objected to its re
moval and the plate was returned to
the pew. A short time afterward it
was stolen.
The plate stolen today was placed on
the pew a short time after the war by
the vestry of the church. Not until to
day was any effort made to disturb it.
Parish Register Gone.
During the war among the valuable
articles stolen from the church was the
parish register, which contained a list of
the names of those baptized, married,
confirmed and buried in the parish. All
efforts to trace the register have failed.
Rev. William J. Morton, rector of the
church, has hopes that the register may
be returned some day. Frequently he
receives requests for Information which
could be given had he a copy of the
stolen parish register.
Won Saber Duel With Sir Percy
Wyndham in Civil War.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
WINCHESTER, Va., June 12.?Jacob
Crisman, seventy-six years old, a
wealthy landowner of Kernstown,
Frederick county, dropped dead of
apoplexy this afternoon after super
intending some farm work. During the
early part of the civil war, In which he
served four years in Company C, 12th
Virginia Cavalry, at first commanded
by Gen. Turner Ash by, he engaged in a
saber duel with Sir Percy Wyndham.
a notorious Englishman, at the head of
the Federal troops, who had threatened
to annihilate Ashby's men, and, al
though severely wounded, Crisman cap
tured Wyndham and the latter's sword.
Being a private, Crisman turned the
sword over to an officer, and the weapon
now hangs in the home here of Maj.
Holmes Conrad, last surviving member
of Gen. Thomas L. Rosser's staff.
Mr. Crisman was bom in Hesse
Darmstadt, Germany. He leaves a
wife, Mrs. Jfancy Larrick Crisman;
three sons and six -^aufhters.
Leading Vienna Newspaper
Scores Sale of War Muni
tions to Allies.
ZURICH, via London, June 12.?Of
ficial opinion in Austria, which lat
terly has been none too friendly to
the United States, is manifest In a ve
hement attack which appears in the
leading: Vienna newspaper, the Neue
Freie Presse, against America for sup
plying war munitions to the entente
Additional importance attaches to the
article, which is published with the
full sanction of the government, if it
is not directly officially inspired, since
the entire contents of the Austrian
newspapers are subjected to a triple
form of censorship before the forms
are put on the press.
Cannot Be Bethlehem.
Declaring: that Americans have sold
a billion dollars' worth of munitions of
war to the enemies of Austria and
Germany, while the ministers of the
American churches are praying for
peace, the paper says:
"Those who bring munitions cannot
bring peace. The land where so many
voices are demanding the breaking off
of relations with Germany can hardly
be a Bethlehem, from which the world
can gain a new salvation.
Embitters Relations.
"If America refuses to submit the Lusi
tania dispute to arbitration she embit
ters relations with Germany, and raises
questions of might. She is pursuing a
policy which threatens her neutrality. A
munitions war is being waged by Amer
ica; public sentiment is already against
Germany; German soldiers are being
killed or wounded by American ammuni
tion. Much more than this cannot hap
pen, and the difference would be scarcely
Discloses Unexploded Shells.
NANCY, France, June 12.?A curious
invention, designed /to disclose by J
means of magnetism unexploded shells j
buried in the earth not more than I
eighteen inches, was tested teH^y by |
the prefect of the department of
Meurthe-et-Moselle. The invention is
the work of Prof. Camille Gutton, pro
fessor of science in the University of
Nancy. The object of the device is to
protect farmers from striking live
shells with their plows.
Reinstated by the President.
The President has authorized the re
instatement of Mrs. Emma L. Guckert
as an operative in the bureau of en
graving and printing, without regard
to the length of time she has been sep
arated from the service. That action
was based on the recommendation of
the Secretary of the Treasury "on ac
count of Mrs. Guckert's former efficient
service in the bureau, and for the
further reason that her husband, who
has been employed in the bureau since
July, 1901, is sick and will probably
never be able to resume his duties, and
the burden of supporting a family con
sisting of the husband, wife and two
children, has fallen on Mrs. Guckert."
Signed Commission on Lart Day.
On his last day of service as Secre
tary of State. Mr. Bryan signed the
commissions of several consular offi
cials whose appointment had been ap
proved by the President. Among the
number was that of William F. Kelly,
formerly confidential secretary to' Mr.
Bryan, and later assistant solicitor for
the State Department, to be United
States consul at Rome, Italy, also that
of Hampson Gary of Texas, who has
been employed as special counsel in
the office of the solicitor, to be as
sistant solicitor, vice Mr. Kelljr, trans
Struggling Forces Line Banks of River
Dniester?Crossing Near Horo
denka, Vienna Gaims.
Austria, However, Claims Capture of Several Towns, But
Petrograd Now Believes That Lemberg
Is Safe.
LONDON, June 12.?One of the greatest battles in history is be
ing fought along the line of the Dniester river in the eastern arena
of war. Russians, determined to arrest the vast forces of (iermans
and Austrians in a successful advance upon Lemberg, are fighting
madly An one bank to repel all attacks, and the Germanic allies are
struggling as persistently on the other to puncture the reinforced
Russian line, to gain their objective. Tens of thousands of men are
being lost on both sides in killed, wounded and captured.
Russians claim to have made material gains on the Dniester1 and
to have repelled attack after attack of the enemy, whose swift ad
vance on Lemberg has been suddenly arrested. Austrians also claim
that their arms have scored successes of no little importance. That
none of these have any material influence on the final outcome of
the titanic struggle is generally conceded, except for the bearing
on the morale of the struggling armies.
Heavy fighting also continues in the Baltic provinces and on
the East Prussian frontier, in which both-sides claim advantages.
With the view, doubtless, of preventing the Russians from send
ing reinforcements to either of their wings, the Germans yester
day delivered an attack along the Rawka river, between Bolimow
and Sochaczew. the scene of important battles last winter, when
the Germans tried to reach Warsaw by the direct route from the
west. In yesterday's attack the Germans claim to have broken into
the Russian positions and to have taken 5.000 prisoners.
Villages Tall Before Germans.
The villages of Jezterzany and Niedz
wi&ka, north of Obertyn, have been suc
cessfully stormed by the Germanic allies,
according to the Austrian official state
ment tonight. ,
Austrian troops advancing toward
Czernelica have crossed the Dneister east
of Horodenka and captured the town of
Zale Szczyky, according to Vienna, which
declares that the Russians suffered tre
mendous losses in the counter attacks on
the enemy. .,
In Bukowlna, where the tide of success
for the Austro-German forces has not
been materially checked, although Rus
sian arms have held at bay the enemy in
the majority of other sections. Austria
claims further successes, declaring that
garded as the logical consequence of
the new alignment, since it is unfor
tified and far outside the zone of the
present operations.
Fighting Is Continuous
Upon Western Front;
Gas Attack on Belgians
LONDON, June 12.?Although no biff
forward movement has been made in
the western arena, the fighting |s almost
continuous along the line font the sea
to Champagne and in the Woevre.
At vaious points between Rheims and
noth of Arras the French continue their
the Russians have been forced to give up attacks, which they report to have
their last positions on the Pruth across
the frontier. The Russians in this sec
tion are also said to have suffered great
losses, the army of Gen. Pflanzer having
captured 5,000 men.
Fail to Regain Stanislau.
Russians have failed in their at
tempts to again occupy Stanislau,
where several attacks have been re
pulsed, it is declared. Zurawna, which
was evacuated by the Germans and
Austrians, owing to the approach of
Russian reinforcements, ha? again
fallen into the hands of the Teutons,
it is claimed in Vienna.
PETROGRAD, via London, June 12.?
The Russian successes in the vicinity
of Juravno, Gallcfca, on the left bank
of the Dniester river, and Ugartsberg,
on the right bank of the Dniester, are
highly gratifying to military circles,
and have resultea in the expression of
a distinctly optimistic feeling in the
press and among the people.
Military men believe that Lemberg is
in no immediate danger. They express
the opinion that in face of the defeats
on the Dniester and the failure to
progress from Moscisk^ eastward to
Przemysl, the Germanic forces are in
trenching along the present position,
and have abandoned, for the present, at
least, an attempt on Lemberg.
The evacuation of Stanislau is re
been successful, but which the Ger
mans, on the other hand, invariably
state have been repulsed.
The British and Belgians, although
they are not doing much attacking,
are playing an important role in these
operations, for to them falls the task
of holding large German forces or
their front by threatening an offensive
and thus preventing the Germans from
sending relief to those troops which
the French are assailing.
Hard Fighting Near Dixmude.
The Daily Mail's correspondent in
north France, telegraphing under yes
terday's date, says:
"The Belgians experienced their first
gas attack the night of June 9. The
Germans, after a severe bombardment
of Dixmude. launched the gas. They
took a Belgian advanced post and cross
ed the Yser and captured three or four
lines of trenches. Large reinforce
ments, including a British regiment,
charged vigorously and drove the Ger
mans back across the Yser, compelling
them to take up a less favorable po
sition than they had occupied previ
"Fierce fighting continues In Dix
mude, half of which is held by the Ger
mans and half by the allies."
LONDON, June 12?The Rome cor
respondent of the Daily Chronicle has
diplomatic information to the effect
that the Turkish government is weary
of the war and ready to be rid of the
disastrous alliance with the Germanic
powers. The possibility of a separate
peace is being considered, according to
authentic information. ^
The intervention of Italy appears to
have been the most potent factor in
bringing about this state of opinion.
Turkey has not declared war on Italy,
and it is stated that she had indirectly
conveyed to Italy her intention not
to do so. This is taken as a sign of
Turkey's repentance and her intention
to turn her back on Germany <md
Austria as soon as possible.
Franco-British forces are reported In
advices from Athens to have joined bat
tle with the Turks for possession of the
town of Gallipoli. at the entrance to the
Sea of Marmora, Fierce fighting also
is reported to be raging near Maldos.
which is situated about half way
through the Dardanelles straits on the
European side.
LONDON. June 12.?Today's report
of German submarine activity shows
that one steamer and three trawlers
were sunk. Bince Saturday last Ger
man submarines have sunk fifty-four
vessels, of which seven were neutral.
The others comprised two Frenoh, two
Belgian, three Russian and forty Brit
ish. Of the British vessels thirty-two
were fishing craft In two
fishing smacks were sunk by a Zep
The British trawler James Leyraan has
been sunk by a German submarine in th?
North sea. The crew was landed at Hull
The submarine took the orew on board
and then-shelled the fishing boat. Later
her crew were put adrift in the
boats of the James Layman, agd ten
hours tlBjtil tetap* thsy i

xml | txt