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Sensational Flight of the Ger
man Cruisers Goeben and Breslau. SMALL SUPPLY OF FUEL ADDS TO DIFFICULTIES Vessels Finally Reach the Darda nelles and Are Sold to the Turkish Government. The story of the dash of the Ger man cruisers the Goeben and the Breslau from the port of Messina and their flight to and ultimate arrival at Constantinople, and of some of their subsequent activities in the Black sea, is vividly told in the following: letter from one of the crew, which has been received in Washington: "KONSTANT INOPEL, "November 21. 1914. "On Board S. M. S. Goeben. "On August 2 we received in Messina the declaration of war to Russia. The same night, with the cruiser Breslau, we left Messina for Phillippeville, with all lights covered, and broke through the French troop transport base, Biserte-Toulon, during the night of August 3, and appeared at 6 o'clock a.m. of August 4 before Phillippeville. The cruiser Breslau had separated from us during the night and was ordered to bombard Bone. Flying the Russian flag, we steamed into the harbor and opened fire, after hoisting the German naval ensign, and destroyed the harbor. Private houses were not shelled. "When the two forts replied to our fire with shrapnels and howitzers we left under full steam the enemy's har bor, always under heavy fire from the forts. But the Frenchmen were bad marksmen. | Belgian Steamer Halted. "Out of range of the fort's artillery I we stopped a Belgian steamer. Then I we met again the cruiser Breslau, I which came from Bone. Soon thereafter I we sighted a battleship squadron, j Clear for action, we went ahead toward it, but recognized the ships as being English. England had not yet declared war. The squadron passed and closed up behind us. It consisted of the battle cruisers Indefatigable, Inflexible and the cruisers Weymouth and Gloucester. "On inquiry by our admiral what they wanted we received the reply: 'Threatening war conditions between England and Germany.' That meant for us to get away. The superiority was too great. With superhuman ef forts we accomplished it. "For fully twenty-four hours with all hands, all pfficers and non-com missfoned officers, we worked before the fires and coal bunkers. We knew no difference. Our coal supply was rapidly decreasing, and we had to search the corners for coal and get it out with our hands. During the after noon we brought the speed up to thirty miles an hour, a feat which re mains as singular. I thought that every minute our ship would blow up in Jiieces. The 'Goeben* was shaking and rembling and it flew through the water, the forepart partly submerged, and in the evening the English were out of sight. Eleven hundred lives and 50,000,000 marks were at stake (the price of the 'Goeben). England Declares War. "During the night we received by wireless the declaration of war by England. For this the English squad ron had waited. Half an hour later, standing at the guns, naked and black as negroes (from the coal bunkers), we j repulsed an attack of six torpedo boats. In the morning at 8 o'clock we reached Messina. "Italy was neutral, and we had to leave the harbor within twenty-four hours, first taking on coal?as much as possible. Outside of the harbor the French ships had concentrated in order to capture the Goeben and Breslau. 'Breslau.' "W e received from the emperor the following telegram: *1 am convinced that Goeben and Breslau will break through.' And we did. In the last mo ment: w? threw every superfluous thine overboard, and with unshaken confi dence in God, August 6. at 6 p.m., left the harbor. "Our escape from the hostile forces followed. Thirteen great battleships and ten torpedoboats were lying In wait for our two cruisers. This was the world-famous 'break through' at Mes s i n d. "In Messina everybody belie\-ed us . doomed, and we were really lost to all the world for three days. During this jne appeared all kinds of rumors about the Goeben and Breslau Ac cording to French and English news, we had been sunk four times. What really happened during this time I will tell at some other time; It would take too much space here. But it was a B-lVr ? and death, of which the wEFei and torpedoboats, ?n.!riL k ^r*wJto Por'Said an<j Ai?* ?.n .?i"i , ,y da?a*?rt and crippled, shoot German gunners Arrive at Dennia. "Sunday. 6th of August. we reached nnla (one of the many small Islands), not flying any flag or showing any name. We could not get out of the Medi 'erranean Our communication with block?d by the th.? , ? French. If we stayed more than twenty-four hours in a neutral tremendous "oddif* At last however, a solution i>re sentt'J itself. Turkey bought the (foe. ben and Hreslau. ho at ar.v rate thev ?nYS ? f"r Germany. And so, on the th of August, at 5 p.m.. we steamed :nto the Dardanelles Two h.?ur*'lat*r at. p m the English with five battle ?h ps and torpedoboats lay before the Dardanelles and demanded the surren ?'rT "u r ,Wa."h'"? ""?h w"-e denied lij Turktj. Be breathed more easil\ for we could not have held out anothe'r ?eek Next ? God. we have to "(in" r-iihJA t^Jnmander an'J our splendid Goeben that w* are alive However ffW our crew have since lost their were granted two weeks' leave. The hnglish admiral of the Mediter ranean fl^et was recalled to England eauAPPh?r I he,or* ? court-martial he w!!? Thl, b' 'joe ben and Breslau . ape . began our new activi ty in the Turkish navy. T was detailed with a machinist and h^rTT\nf"r 'Baron von Fiske) to the Turkish torpedo boat Niitnme-u Harle and the Turkish navv was de sloped according to German ideas. Veawla Under New Names. e.'^'-L ra,'*d Tavin sultan oenm. and Breslau, Midilli .,f^Ur!nVh<! ' 'aV w"h boa, wften in Constantinople and went fre quently ashore My hat Is a red fez such as the Turks wear. You should' have read the lying telegrams that were circulated here, for In Constant! nople half of the inhabitant, are foVl eigners. "Amongst other reports there was posted at the French embassy the fol lowing: The German crown prince has been taken prisoner with ?0 000 men. You should have aeen the French and the English, they were all con gratulating each other and X was In u?r midst. You can Imagine how dts couraged I via, but, thank goodness. It was not true. Otherwise. I am quite satisfied here with the Turks. "I sleep and eat together with the Turkish officers, for there are no non commissioned officers In the Turkish navy as In ours. What we called boatswain and machinist are here all officers and engineers. They have strict instructions to follow our orders and they do it willingly, for they see onlv too well how ignorant they are You should see our efforts at conversa tion: Sign language, English. French and a little bit of everything. I sit some evenings until 1 and - ? cl?ck teaching German and we now under stand each other very well. On some of the Turkish warships there are Ger man non-commissioned officers and in Istructors. also German officers. "Our admiral has become Turkish ad miral. and so everything here is in German hands. Hence the present tre mendous successes in the Black sea. In Turkey one hears only the one word: 'Germany.' For Germany passes here as the liberator of all Moham medans. All of the Turkish officers and engineers want to go to Germany after the war. But enough of this until we meet again, and. as you say, over a cup of coffee on a Sunday afternoon. Surprised by the Russians. "All went well until the 28th of Oc tober. We were with a part of the Turkish fleet in the Black sea maneuv ering. when we were surprised by the Russians. You probably read about it in the papers. The Russians lost, how ever. by this sudden attack two ships and we none. They came off badly. They had not dreamed that they would be the loser. I almost fared badly, not a hair's breadth and I was wounded. "Then we steamed with two torpedo boats (they are German boats built by Schlchau) to Odessa, stole, at 3 o'clock a.m., into the harbor and remained there one hour and twenty-five minutes. 1 shall not forget it so long as T live. The night was pitch dark, every light covered, the engine room doors closed that no light could betray us, when we sneaked into the harbor. At the entrance we passed three outgoing steamers. The last one noticed us. but it was too late; we were already within the harbor. "In front of us lay a large gunboat. The sentry had seen us, and sounded an alarm. 'Clear at torpedo.' and the fate of the gunboat was sealed. A terrible detonation and it sank with all hands. This was the alarm signal for whole Odessa. Now began a hellish noise. The steamers in the harbor blew their sirens, the bells of the city were ringing storm and alarm, the drowning and wounded men from the Russian ships which we bombarded cried aloud for help, while our two guns (7.5) thundered and flashed. The water was covered with struggling men, searchlights played; in short, it was as if hell had been let loose. I shall never forget this night. I thought also of our wounded soldiers at home, whose noses and ears were cut off. I think in this way the inhabitants of Odessa have never been awakened. "The shore batteries could not fire at us in the harbor, otherwise they had shelled their own ships. But when we left the harbor we were showered with shells. But in vain, however, for, we escaped in the darkness. Our suc cesses in Odessa were: One gunboat and one auxiliary cruiser, both of which were sunk. Three steamers were badly damaged (among them one French boat), one coastwise steamer was sunk, three oil tanks burned, the electric power house destroyed (Odes sa has no light for . at least four weeks) and the quay was destroyed. All this was accomplished with our two small torpedo boats. Turks Pray to Allah. "Our Turks on board were speech less and prayed to Allah. Such reck less courage they had never witnessed. | Our Turkish commander had at first refused to steam to Odessa, but the | energetic presentations of the German ' commander induced him to undertake it. "Then we took part in the bombard | ment of Sebastopol. of course, with the help of our cruiser 'Goeben.' We sunk the Russian mine-layer 'Pirift' and put two hostile cruisers out of action. "Day before yesterday, the 18th of November, we put five battleships and two cruisers to flight. What damage we have done is not yet known. And now we are lying peacefully in Con stantinople. At present it is 2 o'clock a.m. At 4 a.m. we go out again on the Black sea for a new wild war dance. We call it dancing the 'Krupp Walts,' but you shall have the promised letter. "If God wills I shall see you all again in good health and spirits, for God has already performed many miracles. Once my fez was torn ofT my head. But you know what Bfsmarck said: 'We Germans fear God, but noth ing else in the world.' " DE. BUMPUS INAUGURATED. Formally Assumes the Presidency of Tufts College. TUFTS COLLEGE, Maaa., June 12.? Dr. Hermon C. Bumpus, who was elected president of Tufts College last September, was formally inaugurated today. Dr. Bumpus has held a number of important positions as a professor of biology and zoology, including the directorships of the biological labora tory of the United States fish commis sion at Woods Hole, Mass., and the American Museum of Natural History in New York, but from 1911 up to his election to the presidency of Tufts he was the business manager of the Uni versity of Wisconsin. A theme of the inaugural day was "The Obligation of College to State," the subject of an address by Dr. Louis K. Reber, dean of the extension division of the University of Wiscon sin. BLAU'S ASSETS. $175,000. Attorneys for Private Banker Say Deposits Represent $450,000. SCRANTON, Pa-. June 12.?Attorneys for Adolph Blau, the private banker whose bank was closed yesterday. Is sued a statement today setting forth that the deposits represent $450,000. while the assets, including Blau's equity in real estate, total about $175, 000. The only assets found in the bank were a few hundred dollars in cash and about $10,000 in mercantile paper. There are no tidings of Blau's where abouts. PRINCETON NOISY AND GAT. Annual Commencement Festivities of University Are Held. PRINCETON. N. J.. June 12.?The alumni dress parade to the base ball game with Yale was the main feature of Princeton's commencement festivi ties today. In the front rank walked an alumnae of the class of 1850. who was celebrating his 65th reunion all by himself. Both '60 and '65 had an unusually large p*r cent of members in line, the former having seventeen out of twenty-four, and the latter eighteen out of twenty-four. The town tonight is noisy and gay, each class marching with its own band. Pays $5,030 to Secure Liberty. EL PAfO. Tex., June 12.?Cecil Boyd, nineteen years old, was released today by Mexican bandits, by whom he had been held in northwestern Chihuahua, upon payment of $5,000 ransom He reached the border at Hachita, N. M. Boyd is the son of J. J. Boyd, a wealthy cattleman of K1 Paso Mine Strike in Lower Silesia. AMSTERDAM, via London, June 12.? The Berlin Vorwaerts reports a seri ous strike of miners in the Xeurod dis trict in lower Silesia, resulting from a dispute over wages. Negotiations for a settlement of the troubles has been begun, the mine owners, the miners* federation and a government official participating, but the ranks of the strikers are Increasing hourly. /? PLACES DATAIN HANDS OF JOINT COMMITTEE Secretary of Commerce Chamber Gets Information for Use in Fis cal Inquiry. Data for the joint citizens' committed for use in connection with the pro posed congressional investigation into the fiscal relations between the Dis trict and national government were ob tained by Thomas Grant, secretary of the Washington Chamber of Commerce, while in Cleveland Friday. Upon his return to this city, Mr. Grant placed the data in the hands of John Joy Edson, chairman of the citizens' sub , committee in charge of assessments ! and taxation. ! While in Cleveland Mr. Grant was the guest of the chamber of commerce of that city. He had time for several sets of tennis on the courts of the< University Club. Cleveland Chamber Activities. The chamber of commerce of Cleve land, he reports, covers all activities, including the retailers, traffic bureau, wholesales, conventions, civic improve ment, legislation, and has a staff of ?sixteen under General Secretary Mun son Havens. Henry M. Rose, reading clerk of the Senate, called on Mr. Grant yesterday and reported that he has been showing a number of lantern slides depicting scenes in Washington at various points in Michigan recently. Makes a Suggestion. Mr. Rose, who is well informed con cerning the National Capital, told Mr. Grant he believes more stress should be laid on the fact that in such build ing as the National Museum, Depart ment of Agriculture, Smithsonian In stitution, Corcoran Art Gallery, Pan American building and patent office, Washington has practically an all-the year-round exposition for visitors ab solutely free of charge. ARMY HORSES ABE BARRED. Officers Cannot Bring Favorite Mounts From Philippines. The War Department has refused to give officers who are to return from the Philippines permission to bring their private mounts with them. That is because of the rigid restrictions of the Agricultural Department on the importation of horses from the Philippines because of fear of infec tion. Under the regulations of the Agri culture Department when an animal is to be brought from the islands it is necessary to take a blood specimen and forward it to the department be fore the horse is placed aboard the ship. The blood is tested, and if it is found to be infected a wireless mes sage is sent to the ship and all the horses are thrown overboard. Under the quarantine regulations against sura, the master of the ship is liable to arrest if he brings any infected animal within 500 miles of an Ameri can port. As the Agriculture Department has repeatedly refused to modify the regu lations, the War Department deemed it wise not to issue any permits to bring the horses home with the troops. That will be a disappointment to a great many officers, who have mounts which they prize highly. NEW GUNS FOR ARMY. Officers Gratified by Results Shown in Sandy Hook Test. The ordnance department of the army fs preparing for the production of more powerful artillery guns and howit zers. A pilot three-inch gun on a split trail mount has been constructed, and is soon to be tested at Sandy Hook. Because of the good results which the pilot 3.8 howitzer has shown in recent tests, an order has been issued for a large supply of them. Designs also have been made for a new 4.7-inch gun on a split-trail mount. These pieces have a consid erably greater range than the present 4.7-inch guns and howitzers. The largest piece of mobile artillery ma terial now used in the service is the 6-inch howitzer. A 7.6-inch howitzer of a greater range and power, on a split trail mount, is being constructed and soon to be tried, while designs are being made for 9.5 and 11 inch how itzers. WATER BAGS FOR TROOPS. Army Surgeons Report on Device for Insuring Purity. The surgeon general of the Army is in receipt of a number of reports from medical officers, charged with the responsibility of furnishing potable water for troops in the field, dependent upon a supply of water not a menace to health, indicating that they believe they have solved the problem by intro ducing a water bag which was recently tested in Texas with great success. The new bag, which has a 12-ounce canvas rover of khaki, is lined with a thin layer of pure Para rubfcwsr placed be tween the canvas and a cotton sheeting and cemented into a solid piece by the process of treatment. That makes an air-tight bag, prevents the saturation of the khaki cover with water, and dries the bag almost Instantly when emptied. Filled to the capacity of forty gallons, it is sufficient to fill the canteens of an entire company. The water in the bag is purified by the use of hypo-chloride carried in tubes, one of which is sufficient for a bagful of water. At the recent test in Texas the bag remained absolutely watertight for a period of thirty hours. INTERIOR GETS PRIZES. Departmental Exhibits at Exposition Are Honored. The Interior Department exhibits at the Panama-Pacific exposition have been awarded many prizes, according to a telegram received yesterday by Secretary I^ane from James C. Boykin, assistant to the chairman of the gov ernment exhibit board at San Fran cisco. The department's collective exhibit has received a grand prize. Other prizes were awarded, as follows: Land office, three gold medals; Indian office, one medal of honor and one gold medal; bureau of education, three med als of honor, six gold medals, nine sil ver medals, one bronze medal, two hon orable mention; geological survey, one grand prize, four medals of honor, five gold medals, six silver medals, two bronze medals; reclamation service, two grand prizes, two gold medals, one silver medal, two honorable mentions; bureau of mines, one grand prize, six medals of honor, three gold medals, three silver medals. Rate Hearing at Chicago Ordered. The interstate commerce commission has ordered hearings before Examiner Mershal) at Chicago, June 15, on lake and rail freight rates. Government to Build Ferryboat. Secretary Daniels has approved the recommendation of the engineer-in chief and chief constructor of the navy for the construction of a ferry boat to operate between the mainland at New port, R. I., and the torpedo station. Bids were opened recently and the con tract was awarded to the Carlestown navy yard. Its estimate being the lowast. High School Forces, in Rival Divisions, Provide Spirited Conflict at Reservoir. ONLY REAL FIELD WORK OF YEAR FOR REGIMENT Picturesque Maneuvers Center About Old Barn and Farmhouse, With Some Thrilling Incidents. Skirmishing through Rock Creek Park, an armed force yesterday en deavored to take the 16th street reser voir, but was successfully kept at bay by another force of about the same size. For two hours the opposing forces maneuvered in endeavors to obtain ad vantageous positions, the attack finally being made in front of Camp Good Will, where a battle of extreme ferocity was fought, a portion of the "soldiers- near > coming to a hand-to-hand encounter. - o casualties resulted from the con flict, however, the reason being that only blank cartridges were used by the 400 or more High School Cadets who took part In this "sham battle," the only real field maneuvers of the year for the regiment. The boys were di rected by Maj. Wallach A. McCathran, N. G. D. C., who is their commandant During the heat of the conflict, the battle was picturesque, centering about an old barn and farmhouse, which of ,coyjrs?of ha>'5tacks and a wire fence in the fields nearby. Here, across !L'?r?e ?pen "Pace, the cadets had an ?,? 'unity to see the "enemy" more in the open. Here, too. one of the flanking parties was met by a party f.r?,th? opposite force and It was largely due to good luck, no doubt, that some of the boys did not receive injury from the wads In the cartridges Despite stringent orders which had been given out prior to the drill that no boy was to fire at another at less than a hundred yards, several of them became excited and rushed in close nnng at a distance of less than twenty Defenders and Attackers Organized. When the party of cadets which as sembled at 14th and Kennedy streets had been divided Into ?defenders." comprising companies of Business and McKinley High Schools, led by Col Gilbert Church Clark, and "attackers," comprising companies of Central, East ern and VV estern. under the leader ship of Lieut. Col. Ernest Williams, they entered Rook Creek Park. Here, lVartl a ?hort stay, during which the leaders studied the situation, the boys went in opposite directions until they had placed a distance of perhaps half a "U. or more between them The problem which Maj. McCathran had given them to work out was the defense of the reservoir by one side and the capture of it by the attackers .LiT.fy. ? s/ld here ,hat the contest J1 dr5^' aIth?u*h. of course. 'Ines of3?th?r"defend ers thr?UKh the c^tC p^loTo"? V,^y? tne meantime the main force of defend ?h! w^8,br?usht.up and by th? kV- Jk contact had been reached b> the scouts had been disposed of In advantageous position. Because of the unfamliiarlty of the great majority of JVm ca.deta w'th field work some little difficulty was experienced at this point In deploying properly?a difficulty add ed to somewhat by the fact that there were a number of- gardens in the vi cinity into which the boys had to use care not to go. Outposts of Enemy Discovered. At last. however, the stasre was set satisfactorily and a shot or two told that the outposts of the enemy had been discovered. The scouts for the de fense crept back as the attackers came on. A line of skirmishers In front preventer" the defenders from learning from what direction the main force of the "enemy" was coming. Finally one of the sharper-sighted lads of the defense noted a large party of the enemy approaching on his right Immediately Col. Clark sent out a force to meet this body and the fight began in earnesi. Reserves were rushed to the point to support the previous party which had gone out. Just at this mo' ment. honeter, a flanking party of the attackers approached from the rear of Camp Good Will, and before th. de. fense had time to realize what had hap Pei6^' Rta,f,ed a flank attack which ended in the struggle previously noted. Solitary Defender's Experience. While the boys fought bravely, a num ber of things happened" of a nature cal culated to make one forget for the mo ment the horrors of war. For instance: One of the small outposts of the de fense had been stationed behind a lum ber pile?an admirable position of de fense. apparently, giving excellent shelter from the fire of the enemy in the woods not far beyond. As the enemy advanced, the outpost poured a continuous fire into the attacking party. But one of the boys apparently was firing largely for the sake of the noise and was not giving particular note to the approach of the enemy One by one his comrades retreated un til they were safely within their own lines. The solitary lad behind the woodpile continued to fire. Whether he was not thinking or whether he was firing at the distant part of the forces and could not see the nearer ones of the enemy is not known. At any rate, when he peered out finally from behind the lumber he perceived the enemy Just a few steps in front of him. He was a greatly surprised lad: one might say he was a most surprised lad, and he showed it?painfully He was also a boy of quick decision, how ever. Escapes Over Wire Pence. It took him considerably less than a second to choose between the enemy forces and a five-foot wire fence. He chose the fence. Picking up his gun. he ran. He was a good runner, and when he came to the fence he showed that even If he was not used to hl*h fences he was willing to make a trv at going over one. He dropped his gun on the opposite side, and. taking hold of the top wire, did a heautiful "flin flop." Only the attackers' surprise-or possibly their admiration of his run nlng and Jumping abilities?prevented his capture. a Only a few persons outside of tho.. directly connected with the event wer. present. The spectators, the "war cor respondent" of The Star Included Mr mitted themselves to be caught h tween the lines, and each would havl been killed nine or ten times had r..? bullets been in the cartridges Maj. McCathran was assisted x Capt. Frank Lockhead of the l?t t fantry, N. G. D. C.: Wallace Vat. formerly colonel of cadets. Russell Ide. formerly a battalion .7" Jutant. Rich Arnold, a former 1?.?? ant of Company F of Eastern m": School, Joined the ranks of the ? pany as a private for the time in der to take part, and Watson' n??r" another former lieutenant wit^i J the "battle" with Interest Kramer, assistant superintend.*, schools, who is directly inThar,. . the cadets, supervised the distribnn ?f s.'j'jsa ???*P / WHERE RUSSIANS HAVE CHECKED AUSTfelANS. War Officially Reported. GERMAN STATEMENT. BERLIN, Tla London, June 12. In the western arena: Attacks of the enemy yesterday In the dunes north east of Ypres and near Manneskens rette heights and in the Souchez dis vere, on the eastern ridge of the JLo trict were repulsed. In the close range fighting to the north of Ecurie the French twice brought up fresh troops. In the afternoon we succeeded completely in driving the enemy out of our positions. An advance made by the French during the evening broke down under our infantry Are, and the retreating en emy suffered very heavy losses. Near Serre, to the southeast of Hebuterns, w-e are again advancing from our positions. In the eastern arena: On the Dubysa river, in the Zoginie and Betingola districts, Russian advances failed To the north of Przasnysz our troops yesterday stormed a Russian position, where they took 150 prisoners and some machine guns and mine throw ers. On the Rawka river, between Bolimow and Sochaczew, we penetrated a po sition of the enemy. Up to the pres ent time BOO Russians have been taken prisoners. In the southeastern arena: East of Przemysl the situation remains un changed. The army under Gen. von IJnsingen has attacked the enemy, who was advancing towar our wing. Zurawna, which had been cleared the day before yesterday, has been retaken and the enemy driven beyond the bridgehead near Mosciska, north east of Zurawna. Attacks by the enemy near Halusz and upon Stanislau were repulsed. AUSTRIAN STATEMENT. VIENNA, via London, June 12* Between the Dniester and the Pruth the army of Gen. Pflanzer again at tacked several Russian positions. The villages of Jezierzany and Kiedzwiska, north of Ozertyn, were stormed. Our victorious troops, advancing toward Czernelica, have crossed the Dniester east of Horodenka. We captured Zale Szczyky, against which town the Russians yesterday and in the course of the night made desperate attacks, all of which failed, with very heavy Russian losses. v. An attack by a Cossack regiment also collapsed under our Are. In Bukowina the Russians were forced to give up their last positions on the Pruth and retreat across the 'rontier. The Russians have suf fered severe losses. The army of Gen. Pflanzer yesterday captured 5,000 men. South of the upper Dniester the fight ing is still proceeding. A Russian counter attack against Stanislau has been repulsed. Zurawna. which was evacuated owing to the approach of Russian reinforcements, was re taken yesterday by the allied troops. 15,000 U. S. TESTAMENTS GO TO RUSSIAN TROOPS PETROGRAD, June 12.?Fifteen thou sand Testaments, presented by Ameri can Sunday school children, were for warded to the front today, in the name of the Russian heir apparent, for dis tribution to the soldiers. This is in connection with the work of the Ameri can World's Sunday School Associa tion. FIGHTERS TO BE PLACED IN MUNITIONS FACTORIES LONDON, June 12.?Continuing his campaign to bring about an increase in the output of munitions of war, Da vid Lloyd George, minister of muni tions, spoke at Bristol today and made the declaration that War Secretary Kitchener already had given orders that certain British workmen be re leased from duty in the trenches in or der to return to England and re-enter factories in need of their services. ?e,r.m e ecn '"olated Infantry and ?ivil VTjnS?8re,ments on the laonio foXt^o- e talians haye gained a footing on the eastern bank at Mon faleone and Karfreit (Caperettoi, - ,,howev<?r> are in front of our battle line. At dawn yesterday hos tile forces /-limbed the heights on the east bank near Plava, but were repulsed. e On the Carinthian frontier our troops na\e repelled attacks on the passes near Monte Paralda and have occu Pied this mountain. An Italian at fllted l? recapture Montepiano The enemy is slowly sending forces to several frontier districts ? Cortina d Ampezzo. Fiera di Primiero and xsorgo. BELGIAN STATEMENT. HAVRE, Jane 12: The artillery of the enemy was very active throughout yesterday, bom barding our advanced positions Our batteries dispersed groups of sol diers of the enemy on the fortifica tions near Terstelle and Waelewey ' e" FRENCH STATEMENT. PARIS, June 12: ; In the region to the north of Arras , there has been an artillery engage ment, particularly violent on the j Plateau of Lorette. Tlie enemy in that sector?Aix Noulette-Ecurie? has sought by a continuous bom bardment to impede the organization of those positions which we have fhene.r?n?KUr artil,lery replied against Germans ^ batteri" the In -th.e, region of the Toutvent farm delivered1 thf Hebuterne, the enemy tack morninS a counter at ThPr. 8 easily checked. nf .h? f K to reP?rt on the rest action except an artillery actlon of a somewhat lively nature he peerS,hCA?rRea8t ?f Rheim? and on tne ^erthes-Beausejour front. ITALIAN STATEMENT. I ROME, June 12: | Some progress was made Friday at different points along the front A reconnaissance party beyond Monte Nero found in the gorges recently ex plored by our forces the wreckage of machine guns abandoned bv AustS' ^ ,he bodi? <* W Enemy forces comprising six bat. talions coming from Plezzo (in Aits tria thirty-nine miles northwest of Gorizia). attempted. accordYnJ to tratp<i hv tv. attempt was frus theWc,trof nG?ad^LdbwheichabJ,i8hedK Held by our adfa'n^d TrVoZ & J&S RUSSIA IS DEMANDING SESSION OF THE DUMA LONDON, June 12.?The Petrograd correspondent of the Morning Pc,t sends the following dispatch: Russia"'fo^'th d?mand has arisen in Russia for the reassembling of the aTouJT"1 'he na" few ">r a double purpose-first, to assure the the whoir' ?f,the Unit6d ""PP-t of thl Prosecution of duct of pertain ',5i with the con to turn the state of war intr^Jnmpting ?pensef?nf-^.^.n'gXeCl^ a?Tne expense of national interests." SERBS SHOOT DOWN AERO AND CAPTURE ANOTHER N1SH, via London, June 12 Thr.. Austrian aeroplanes yesterday drODned bombs on Kragojevatz, kilUnTn, wounding twelve persons. Serbian aeroplanes pursued the hostile mt chines, bringing one down. Another aeroplane with two German r was captured at Agripalanka offlcer? Making Profits Selling the most goods at the least cost is the problem in every merchant's mind. A well sustained advertising campaign will produce the result. In no other city can an advertiser reach as great a proportion (9-ioths) of the reading population through one edition of a newspaper as can the local merchant through The Star. Economy This makes possible selling the most goods at the least cost. WEEKLY CIRCULATION STATEMENT 1915 Saturday. June 5- -- 69,980 Sunday, 'June 6 52.362 Monday, June 7--- 71.604 Tuesday, Jllne 8....*71,499 Wednesday, June 9 73,811 Thursday, June 10 72.794 Friday, June 11 71,937 ?Not including 4-page extra. affidavit. I solemnly swear that the above statement represents only the number of copies of THE E\ ENING AND SUNDAY STAR circulated during the seven days ended June 11, 1915?that is. the number of copies actually sold, delivered, furnished or mailed, for valuable consideration, to bona flde purchasers or subscribers?and that the copies so counted are not returnable to or do not remain in the office unsold, excspt in the case of Sunday papers sent to out-of town agents, from whom a f?w returns of unsold papers have not yet been received.^^^ NEWBQLD Business Manager, The Evening Star Newspaper Company. District of Columbia., as.: . , , Subscribed and sworn to before me thlB twelfth day of June, A.D. 1915. E. E. RAMEY. <SMl.> Notary Public. GIVES GERMANY CHANCE TO SAVE FACE, SAYS LONDON CHRONICLE British Newspapers Declare United States Rejoinder Is a Masterly Bit of Diplomacy?Uphold President in Bryan Controversy. LONDON, June 12?The Morning: Post in an editorial on the American note to Germany says it is puzzled to find the reason for the resignation of Secretary of State Bryan, "since the note contains nothing: new." The paper continues: "It merely affirms in a friendly man ner the position founded upon the gen erally accepted principles of interna tional law. We might call it the irre ducible minimum of the right* of neutrals/' "The note gives Germany every op portunity of saving her face, if she so desires." says the Daily Chronicle in its editorial. "It not only is phrased in most friendly terms, but, by inviting the submission of further evidence concerning the Lusitania and the re sumption of other negotiations through an American intermediary, opens a vista for negotiations which might keep tht: diplomats of Berlin and Washington employed until the war is ended, only that the President insists that the submarine outrages must stop during the negotiations. And it is this point which gives significance to the whole. Demands That Piracy Cease. "Behind its smooth phrases and a sincere desire for peace there is a de mand that piracy shall cease. The note is indeed an ultimatum to Germany that she must abandon her submarine campaign or count the United States among her enemies. "That evidently is the Presidents meaning, and it explains Mr. Bryan's .resignation. Mr. Wilson does not ap prove of Tolstoism in international politics." The Daily Mail says: "The vital passages of the note are those in which the United States earnestly and solemnly renews the representations of the note of May 15. and again asks assurance that American lives and ships shall not be endangered on the high seas. Will Germany agree to abandon indiscriminate submarine warefare? That is the question the United States puts to her once more. We see few signs that Germany can or will say yes. or fewer still that the President would be satisfied with any thing else." Spirit Same as First. The Daily Telegraph says: "The spirit of the second note is exactly that of the first, and it leaves us to wonder even more than we did before why Mr. Bryan thought it necessary to resign. There is nothing of a minatory character in the note: noth ing that the most fervid imagination could construe into a challenge or ultimatum. The tone throughout is not only diplomatic but friendly. The phrases are those of appeal and warn ing rather than of stern- denuncia tion. "To have been content with any thing less than the assurances de manded would hardly have been con* sistent with the self-respect of the American nation. We are certain that a great majority of the Americans will give whole-hearted support to their President in the dignified posi tion he now has assumed." The Times says it is "inclined to believe that Germany will not reject the demands, but will resume negotia tions and endeavor to preserve friendly relations with the United States, es pecially as Wilhelmstrasse can dis cover in the various passages of the note material for procrastination if it so desires." The editorial continues: "Nothing could well be more, mod erate in tone than the note, but on issues of substance the President re mains immovable. The President has done the utmost compatable with na tional dignity to make the path of submission smooth and easy for Ger many. and her answer will be awaited with profound interest on both sides of the Atlantic." Best of Argument. "Mr. Wilson replies to the Germans point by point and both in logic and fact has the best of the argument," says the Daily Graphic, "but the prac tical question is not which disputant wins the warfare of words but what the American government intends to do to uphold the principles of human ity and safeguard the lives of Amer ican citizens. This is unanswered ill a superficial reading of the note " The Standard says: "The President show? no disposition to interfere with Germany's legitimate rights as a belligerent but insists thst such rights must be exercised without, infringing the dictates of humanity, and as this Is impossible by German submarine warfare the Germans can only satisfy the President s reasonable demands by consenting to abandon their underwater \>iracy. The not#* cannot be called an ultimatum, but it gives Germany small margin for avoid ing the direct issue." "There is no reason yet to assrume that the President, who throughout the deal ings with Germany has sought peace with the steady coolness and high purpose habitual to him, despairs of success, says the News "The phrasing of the note is as little provocative as con ceivable. "The rights the President is uphold ing are the fundamental rights of human ity, and although the help to the allies which the entry of the United States inm the struggle would bring would be dearl> purchased by the loss of American neu trality, which is one of the factors in tended to soften the ferocities and bru talities of the war, there is a price which no nation can afford to pay for peace." French Opinion. PARIS. June 12. 5 p.m.?Referring to President. Wilson's note to Germany, La Liberie today says: "It Is in every way worthy of a great country conscious of its dignity, its rights and its duties. It has not the tone of an ultimatum, since it is couched in cour teous terms, but it is energetic, and re quires Germany finally to cease recourse to false expedients." The Temps in an editorial today on th^ American note to Germany says th* note brings the question hack to the grounds from which German diplomarv endeavored to divert it. Th/? paper con tinues: "President Wilson maintains firmly and with conviction the same ideas alreadv twice expressed. He refuses to admit that his elevated conception of right may be come the subject of compromise, and he exposes it anew in Hear and precise terms that permit no more evasive re plies. Mr. Wilson replies in the name of his country: *1 do not bargain with the sacred rights of humanity.' " The Journal des Debats, in discussing the note, says: "The United States, representing in this case the civilized world, places the sacred rights of humanity above considerations of the military order to which Germany subordinates everything. It is resolved, far as concerns Aerican subjects, to have those rights respected. "The essence of the note is, first, meas ures required by humanity must be taken, and afterward, if it is desired, will come discussions of a new regulation of naval warfare. If Germany insists on putting herself outside the pale of humanity. She will suffer the consequences." Likens Bryan to Giolitti. MILAN. Italy, Friday, June 11, via Chiasso. Switzerland, 12:20 p.m., and Paris. June 12. 2:45 a.m. (delayed by Swiss censor).?The Corrlere Delia Sera compares the attitude of Secre tary Bryan to that of former Premier Giolitti. leader of the party which sought to prevent war with Austria It says Mr. Bryan's action probably will have the same effect in America that Signor Giolitti's intervention had in Italy, and that it will strengthen public opinion in favor of President Wilson. "It will give him greater power in this important moment," the newspa per adds, "defeating men who are ready to lower the prestige and honor of the country." Austria Reserves Comment. ZURICH, Switzerland. J*une 12.?The retirement of William J. Bryan as Sec retary of State has been taken vary coolly in Austria, judging by the Austrian newspapers which hare reached Zurich. These discuss the matter in guarded and moderate tones. Generally they are of the opinion that nothing is like ly to happen really to endanger the relations between the United States and Germany. The papers say that if President Wilson really desires peace Germany certainly will do her best to aid him. and that in any event it is better to await developments before expressing further opinions. BEER BETTER THAN BAD WATER FOR TROOPS, KAISER IS QUOTED BERLIN*, via London, June 12.?Ad miral von Mueller, chief of the pri vate marine cabinet, has sent to the president of the German association the following open letter against the misuse of spirituous beverages: "I have recently had an opportunity to hear the emperor speak of the alco hol question in the present war. His majesty on this occasion asserted that he thoroughly maintained the opinion expressed by him in his Muerwik speech to the marine cadet^, but that, on the other hand, in war a more ex tended use at least of lighter alcoholic drinks must be permitted. Thus, for instance, light native wine or beer was preferable to water for troops if the water available was of an ob jectionable quality. Strong drinks, such as schnapps of every sort, may under no circumstances be given to the troops." Admiral von Mueller says that meas ures have been taken to hinder the sending of schnapps of every kind to troops in the field. GERMANY GETS COTTON DESPITE BRITISH, IS BELIEF IN LONDON LONDON, June 12.?Reuter's Tele gram Company has received a dispatch from its agent at Amsterdam who says that a copy of the Berlin Vossische Zeltung, received there, declares the raw material department of the war office in conference with representa tives of the cotton industry has come to the conclusion that there are suffi cient quantities of cotton stock on hand to warrant the continuation of the cotton industry under certain re strictions. This condition obtains In spite of the entrance of Italy into the war. The publication of this dispatch In London this afternoon brought the comment that it seemed to support the contention advanced recently in the house of commons by Walter Runclr man, president of the board of trade, that Germany has been receiving sup plies of cotton in spite of Great Brit ain's efforts to prevent it. GERMAN SUBMARINE PRISONERS GO TO ORDINARY BRITISH CAMPS LONDON. June 12.?Sir Edward Grey, the British foreign secretary, has writ ten to Walter H. Page, the American ambassador, saying that the German submarine prisoners are being moved to ordinary detention camps. , The British government, in view of this, expects that Germany will send the thirty-nine British officer* under barrack arrest to the ordinary deten tion camp. In his letter to the American ambas sador Sir Edward says he hopes for an early reply from the German gov ernment. RETAIL MERCHANTS CALL TRADE BOOST MEETING Flans for Trip and to Add Associate Members to Be Discussed. At a meeting of the Retail Merchants' Association called for tomorrow night plans for increasing the membership of the organization and for its trade boosting automobile trip, to be taken June 23 and 23. through towns of Vir ginia, West Virginia and Maryland ire to be discussed. At a recent meeting of the board of governors, a plan to provide an as sociate membership, was approved and this Is to be brought to the attention of the full membership tomorrow night. The plan is declared by Its proposers to be a sure means of in tensifying the interest of the business men of Washington in the Retail Mer chants' Association, and its adoption will ihean a wonderful development of organized effort, it is believed. The committee on the proposed trade boosting trip of the association will make its report of the number that will take part in the trade developing movement. R. P. Andrews, chairman of the trade-boosting committee, an nounces that all those intending to take part in the outing, whether mem bers of the association or not, must make their reservations before tomor row night at 8 o'clock. This fore handedness is necessary In order that Chairman Andrews may make positive arrangements for the comfort .of the boosters along the route.