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HI |r.- jU^m Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston made a success with her camera in Washington, I). C. Then she joined forces with a St. Ijouis woman and tachled New York in the midst of fierce competition. The new Jirm clung to ts ideals?and won. AWELL equipped woman in these modern days can earn from a t housand dollars a year to ten thousand or more. A hundred callings are open to women in the higher walks of endeavor. An almost unlimited field is the business world; and, to show that women can make good as well as men if they have reasonable aptitude and application, 1 am going to cite some typical instances, first, of women who either own or manage large business undertakings. In Johnstown, New York, Mrs. Charles B. Knox faced a difficult situation when she took charge of a food-product business. She built it into a great and farreaching enterprise. Out in Des Moines, Iowa, Mrs. L. C. Rawson did something of the same kind, and specialized in the study of insurance. She became president of an insurance company. Both these women specialized strongly. Mrs. Rosa Herrman was president of a large lumber concern in New York, and knew more about lumber than many men who had been in the business a lifetime. Likewise, Miss Alice M. Durkin went into the contracting business in New York, and made a specialty of schools and public buildings. Mrs. Victor Qrimwood, another New York woman, established a riding school because she loved horses. "The sort of work doesn't matter." she told me, "if women stay on the job." Women Have Invaded All Lines of Business gLSIE DE WOLFE, whom you will remember as an actress, had a strong bent for furnishings and house beautifying, and she established an interior decorating business that has prospered. She has offices at home and abroad. Miss Gertrude F. Gheen was in the employ of Miss De Wolfe, but quit to establish an office of her own in New York. She, too, has made good. rFhf>n f.h<?rn iss n firm i?f fnmniprninl photographers in New York that lias made a success, and both partners are women: Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston and Mrs. Mattie Edwards Hewitt. Miss Johnston was a photographer in Washington, and Mrs. Hewitt was in the same line in St. Louis. They joined forces in Washington, and then jumped to New York and into the midst of fierce competition, carrying out certain ideals they had. In New York, too, is Mrs. Agnes K. M. tor women. Ella S. Leonard and Mrs. Caroline L. Overman are examples of women specializing in another wide field?advertising. They are with a New York agency and are concentrating on women's goods. In the advertising field women's salaries run from twenty-five dollars a week to two hundred. Mrs. Crystal E. Benedict held an executive position with a prominent automobile company in New York, and Miss Jean E. Mohle is an automobile saleswoman. 1 am told that there are several women in the automobile world who get five thousand dollars a year. The business world also offers good opportunities to women who are specially trained to be private secretaries. Miss Edna Burns holds such a position in an advertising office in the Metropolitan Tower, New York, and Miss Mary Johnson holds a similar ; position for a theatrical supply company in New York. While I am not authorized to state their salaries, I know women secretaries holding such posi- ; tions as these who get three thousand and thirty-five hundred dollars a year. But so much for business proper. Take Miss Belle Green. who has charge of the Morgan private library in New York, suid to ten thousand dollars But this exceptionally high. The salaries of heads ^l(PF of departments in are from a thousand women lair opporthousand dollars or more. Not long ago ,, ,.. . ? the Women's Edu- Mrs~ Charles B cational and Indus- the " """'" uho >" trial Union of Bos- tlw breach left Ir ton made inquiries husbaiul or father. among some of the a food-product b larger colleges for came a successful i The Best Paic for W By EDWAKD M Mulligan, doing a large real estate business. In these women you have variety; and most of them are earning well up toward ten thousand dollars a year or more. Hut a study of their successes shows unusual nerve and mastery of detail. w omen as Hankers and in the Adveitising Field 'TMIEltE are in the United States a number of women bank officials; and their salaries run from fortv dollars a month up to two hundred. In Jopliti, Missouri, one bank lias for its vice-president Bessie Carlson, for its cashier Tillie M. Ade. and for its assistant cashier Blanche Jenkins. In Los Angeles, Ada Carr is assistant cashier of a bank; and in Diamondalc, Michigan. Mrs. J. M. Corbin is a bankvice-president. Banking seems to be a coming field I Occupations omen OTT WOOLLEY women, in an attempt to find a woman with mathematieal training to fill a position outside the colleges at eighteen hundred dollars a year. Florence .Jackson, director of the Union, tells me: "I *1...* 41 4. r wao tutu tunt tut* assistant jiruiussurs wurt' getting more than that." Even in a small college a woman professor of biology, for instance, commands fourteen hundred. There are many distinguished women professors. Mary E. Woolley is president of Mount IIolyoke College; Mary YVhiton Calkins is professor of philosophy and psychology at YVellesley; Isabel Bevier is professor of household science at the University of Illinois; Mary Wilson Brownson is in the chair of modern European history at the Pennsylvania College for Women. I could name women professors of zoology, art, political economy?of almost anything. An allied calling is that of scientist, which opens a field for trained women and pays up to several thousand dollars a year. Alice Hamilton of Chicago, bacteriologist, who has done extensive work for institutions and the government, is a notable example. ( Government Positions ] C"1 OVEKNMENT positions for women ' of the higher class are not very plenti- j ful. I asked Charlotte C. Barnum, now j of New Haven tint, for venrs eonneeterl prominently with the United States Ob- j servatory and the Department of Agri- ] culture, what chance an educated woman had with the government. t "The best openings are in the Depart- ( rnent of Agriculture," she said, "for chem- , ists, botanists, librarians, plant pathologists, investigators in nutrition and adulterations of food, organizers of girls' j canningclubs, workers among farm women, , and the like; and some of the best openings are in the Department of Labor. ( Beginners do best with expert stenogra- , phy, starting where they can and seeking , a transfer." ] The last statistics show 1,457 women at Washington who received as much as twelve hundred dol lars a year, nine ' I who got two thousand, and two who i were paid more than < twenty-five hun- ] dred. \ To Miss Marie i C. Brehm, lecturer | on temperance, sufT- ] rage, and other to]>- < ics, who lives in ( Pittsburgh, I put t the question: "Is it i possible for a woman 1 to earn a fair income ; on the lecture platform?" i Sherenlied: "Yes. s provided she is i equipped for the i work." She believes t a woman should s have a message to c deliver, and a voice 1 of sufficient power s to carry that message. Miss Brehm ( began in a very i modest way to speak r in public, and afterward the Chautau- \ qua platform pro- s ? ,. vided her a living 1 Knox one of ^ ^ w(jrk ftt J ive stepped into that time command- r y the death of a 0(j fifty dollars for i She made over a single lecture, usiness and he- seventy-five for two, a business ironian. and one hundred t j ^BQ| \ HiHS i I Copyright, Urown Urutliers. The highest /mill librarian in the I nited States is llellede Costa Green. J. I'. Morgan the elder employed her lp take charge of his private library in New York, and in his will left her $50,000, recommending that she he retained in her position. dollars for three lectures at the same meeting. Out of these fees she paid her rail expenses. Since that time she lias crossed the continent twentv-four times in her lecture tours, and has spoken abroad. The well equipped ; lecturer can earn several thousand dollars a year. ^ , I asked Lucile Patterson, the New York illustrator, about art as a calling for women. "It would seem," she answered, "that i woman can attain the greatest success inly by commercializing the thing in which she is most interested." Illustrators like Miss Patterson and May Wilson Preston get from seventy- * five to a hundred and tifty dollars, and sometimes much more, for their covers. \ cover may take half a day or several lays. I should say that a hundred dollars i week is a common income earned by women artists in this class. Some of this money comes from commercial work. Women Should Specialize TM1EN, the miscellaneous fields for women are many, and the financial eturns seem to depend always on the iegree of specialization. Dr. Katherine VI. H. Blackford had a salary of fifteen shousand dollars a year because she demoted herself to the art of selecting emidoyees for large industrial concerns. | Mrs. Louise Bethune of Buffalo, who | lied recently, was a draftsman, when she I lecided to go further. She studied arehi- j lecture, and became the first woman irchiteet in the United States. She prac,ised with financial success for many /ears. Miss Edith Julia Griswold of Hastingsm-lludson, New York, took up strangu studies for a woman: civil and mechuncal engineering and electricity. Aftervard she opened an office in New York is a mechanical draftsman, and finally itudied law and put her mechanical education at work by specializing in patent aw. She became an expert in patent mits, and draws large fees. I inquired of Mrs. Fannie Klinck, of I!larksville, Iowa, about the possibilities n farming for women. Mrs. Klinck has nade a notable success. "If possible, a woman should select the vork she is happy in doing," she aniWHrptl al?nr flio wnmow wi4-Vi !?????" , ? w* i/uv n v/ui?atu v* i uii iiuiUC l/ICfl would suggest flowers. A very small dot will yield a large income if she ean aise pedigreed pansy seed, and collect nsects, seeds, and so on." Altogether, there is plenty of profitable vork for women if only they fit themselvi s .0 do it.