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LTKOUGH the warpaths of A\ the old-time west have been /=L\ obliterated by the broad high^ <?J ways of civilization, and the government is now pro"" to regard its blanketed wards in the light of willful children rather than iri the blaze of their one-time savage splendor, there is still one man at least who takes a keen delight in shooting redskins. And although he seldom nowadays strays from the seclusion of his rooms in the National Museum, he frequently "pots" an aborigine. Yet the aborigines themselves are all fast friends of his, because, unlike the Trusty Trapper and the Scarred Scout, who went after frierd Redman with a squirrel rifle, De Lancey Gill shoots them with a camera. Some thirty years ago, when there was still something woolly about the west and quite a bit of savagery among the Indians, he began hunting the red man. In those days he was accustomed to take the fleld with the largest Colt iix-sr.ot obtainable. a hundred rcunrls of ammunition, "war-baa" ami bedding. a clumsy old-fashioned camera with a stock of plates and a tripod, which, together with his own bulk, he was wont to drape about the restless back and withers of a bucking cayuse and 'are forth to "shoot the red man In his lair." * * * In those days he rode the Yuma trail, ?ver which years before him had flowed the tide of "forty-niners." and they who came after them, and where every mile of the three hundred which mark its way across the desert of the Colorado was dotted with human graves. Sometimes he would ride. fully armed, into Indian encampments to enDuval V WHAT has come to be called the President's new Mexican policy has been much in evidence of late. In some essential particulars it differs from the President's earlier policy. Comment at Washington is that the new policy is based on more complete and accurate information regarding the exact condition of affairs in the republic to the south, and that the man responsible for furnishing that information, the one whose report brought about the change in the presidential attitude, is Duval West of San Antonio, Tex. Just who is Duval West? Why was he selected to go into Mexico, interview the various leaders, military and political, obtain a first-hand view of the situation, and act as the President's eyes in the field? What is his equipment for the great task? * * * These are questions that have been asked many times, more frequently in recent weeks as the new policy was developed. The answers have not been full nor satisfactory, for Mr. West himself, occupying as he has a confidential position, has kept a close mouth and has insisted on his owr. personality remaining in the background. Briefly, Duval West is one of the leading lawyers of Texas. He knows Mexico and the Mexicans intimately, closely. He is learned in international law. He has no axes to grind. He is not a politician. But he is an intensely practical, hard-headed lawyer v/ho knows how to get at the root of anything he undertakes to investigate. He has Investigated Mexico and its factional leaders and he has reported to the President his findings, his estimates of the men who are to the front there, and his conclusions. His report is a confidential document in the hands of the President. But that it is to have i? tremendous bearing on the future of \fo*ipn iq iiflmittpfl hv nil who H:iva knowledge of the farts. The Mexican situation was at its worst last winter. The President wanted some one with a sympathetic understanding of Mexicans and Mexican problems to go into the country and make an unbiased report to him of the exact situation Reports that were corning in were conflicting and inadequate. The President knew the sort of man he wanted, but he did not know the man. Postmaster General Burleson and Attorney General Gregory, both of whom ere Texans. both residents of Austin, suggested that Duval West, a native of Austin, but living and practicing law at San Antonio, met all requirements. Accordingly, much to Mr. "West's surprise, he was summoned to Washington. Here he talked to the President, who concluded that the judgment of the two cabinet officers had been sound. In February Mr. West was dispatched on his grave and delicate mission to Mexico. * * There for months he moved about from camp to camp and "capital" to "capital," crossing between the lines, suffering all the discomforts of travel In a war-ridden country, observing, studying, interviewing. And when the work was done back he came to Washington with his report, a document said to be brief, terse, but wonderfully informing. Texans know why Duval West was the man for the Job; the country generally does not. Slaybe this article will explain. First, observe the man himself. A slender, erect, small-boned figure he has; not tall, neither short, but the figure of the cavalryman. A fearless erectness of the head, a cool, steady glance out of clean, clear blue eyes that are """ PhotOi OjT ?tVITH&QHt/\lif fHS Joy the armed neutrality of some chieftain whose hospitality at best was of dubious quality. Again he and his party, always keeping thirty paces apart, day or night, to guard against ambuscades by Mexican bandits, would ride out over desert stretches where in six days of journevings there might be but a single water hole. But thirty years have somewhat changed De I-ancey Gill's method of procedure. He does not now go often into the field, but adds to his collection of pictured Indians when delegations come to Washington to visit the Great ; White Father, in the meantime filling the post of chief illustrator for the National Museum. ] Yet in those thirty years there has passed btfore the recording eye of his i camera a strange company. Gay in panoply and war paint of a time gone by nave come crafty Sioux, cruel Co- i mnnehes, cannibal Seris from the wild Tiburon Islands, dignified men of tho Nez I'erees, and, in fact, members of i every tribe of the red brotherhood 1 which at the time he began his work ] was malting its final stand in the west and southwest. i ] >k * Came Geronimo, who, to his already ! red record, which had made him a prls- ' oner of war on the Fort Sill reserva- , tion, added to his fame the claim of be- \ ing the only Indian who refused to sit ' before a camera without payment. ] Came Chief Joseph, the dignified pa- 1 triarch of the Ne Perces, he who wth ' masterful generalship led the famous ' retreat in the face of Gen. Miles' column across the Bitter Root mountains and Into Montana In a vain attempt to reach sanctuary across the Canadian 1 border. Came Wolf Robe and Running ) Anlnlnwo tJ-ia onlcr ftirn Tr/HnflS t CV hp immortalized upon the currency of the United States and who appear upon the ' buffalo nickels and five-dollar bills: 1 and with them came hundreds of 1 their tribesmen, all easer to sit before ' the camera of De Lancey Gill. ' And from his dealings with them Mr. ? ky/ yg=gs H v Wwly JL CH set in a maze of tiny wrinkles: a square, stern Jaw, a close-clipped light brown mustache over a Scotch-Irish mouth?these are things that impress the observer. There is a deliberateness of manner and speech about him that betoken the man of poise, strength, determination and bravery. He looks like one who is afraid of nothing on earth?and they say in Texas that he is just that sort of a man. Also he looks like one who would be a dangerous opponent in a poker game. * * * His father was a lawyer at Austin and was justice of the state supreme court for many years. His great-grandftither, William P. Duval, was a lead- T ing figure in the early history of the a country, being a representative in Con- c gress from Kentucky 100 years ago 1 and later territorial governor of j Florida under the administrations of ^ Presidents Monroe, Adams and Jack- j son, migrating afterward to Texas. g It was this old Gov. Duval who, ideal- t ized, was the original Ralph Rlngwood , of Washington Irving's tale, for the governor and Irving were fast friends. ^ Duval West at seventeen, after at- } tending a military academy in his , home town for a time, determined that r he had ail the education he needed. ^ Forthwith he set out for the staked j, plains country and became a cowboy, f All his life he had known Mexicans, living as he did so near to the border, but in the cow country he got to know t more about them. t After a time his cousin. Tom Greene, ^ son of the famous Gen. Tom Greene of j, the Confederate army, engaged him ^ along with a number of other cowboys r to go down to the Greene ranch in the state of Coahuila, Mexico, to handle ^ his herds of the Bar A brand! Three years Duval West worked at this joh, getting far down into the state . of Tamaulipas during the period of . his employment, and getting some more angles on the Mexican. But being a cowpuncher palled so he returned to Texas, where he became a deputy clerk of the United States district court at San Antonio. This was J; in 18S3, when he was twenty-one years , old. ; After a year and a half of this he I' became chief deputy United States : marshal, in which position he acquired J a reputation as a first-clues fic-nticc man. Kut he left all this to (to to . Cumberland Law School at Lebanon. Tenn. to jtet a leiral education. With " his diploma in his hand he hurried back to San Antonio and became assistant United States district attorney in the same court where he had served as deputy clerk and deputy marshal. This particular court has much to do with the making of Duval West and s fittintt him for the task of helping c settle the future of Mexico. Beinttnear the International line, which line Is fringed on both sides with a Mexican si population, the court has chiefly to do s wnn Mexicans. c, *% Smuggling and cattle running across t( the line and things of that sort make q up most of the court's business. Span- b ish is all but the official language o there. In nine cases out of ten an interpreter is sworn as a matter of course Cl at the beginning of the trial. d Now, the bandits and smugglers and fl cattle and horse runners who make up the people with which that court dealt tl in Mr. West's day are of precisely the d same class from which so many revo- h lutionary generals and leaders ami N rank and file of "armies" in Mexico s< have come in recent years. The cattle- w running band of a while ago has be- c< come one of the many revolutionary a armies of oday. M The Panchos and the Manuels and the p Juans with whom Mr. West, as clerk and marshal and district attorney, had tl to deal in the old days, whose mental a processes he had to study, whose man- V I tfjel ' p WOLr "R03 ON THE ? Gill has acquired a wonderful inslgh into the characteristics of the vanish Ins race and an inexhaustible fund o anecdote and incident in which ftgurt both the stately red man of the pas and his less admirable prototype o the present. Mr. Gill and his collection of Indiar photographs, which now includes som< 15,000 likenesses, have come to be no only an important adjunct to the N'a tional Mustum, but very much of ar inSIllUllUIl . U.JI1U1IS luc iiiuiaiio vu^ih selves. Time after time red men have mad< their way up the little flight of iror steps which lead to his studio in tht museum gallery, there to search anions hi"5 prints for photographs of theii friends and klnfolk. some living anc some long since gone to the happj hunting ground. "I have even been able to supplj grandfathers and great-grandfatheri o Indians who were searching for theii pictures," said Mr Gill. "And last winter two 'ex-husbands' found the wife to whom each had been married but ivho at that time had taken a third spouse. Both of them gravel> kissed the picture, which had beer made many years before, when she was n the heyday of her youth." * * * Mr. Gill declares that there Is nc Ixed formula that he had ever found 'or dealing with the Indians, except 'to be firm and to keep your promises," ind the strict observance of the latter part of this principle has beer partly responsible for at least one strange friendship which exists to this lay between Mr. Gill and a subchiet 3f the Crows who is known by the :an Wh? He Made a Rer Revolutionary Lead* for the Delicate Tasf tween the Lines of1 Village in the Tropic ;er of life and domestic relations were in open book to him, are just the sort if men who have been doing much of he fighting. Added to the store of knowledge he lad acquired in riding with Mexican aqucros in the cattle country, thisproonged court experience gave Mr. West remarkable equipment for handling he sort of investigation the President his year intrusted to him. Furthermore, northern Mexico knows Ir. West and respects hirn. Tales of lis physical bravery, as well as of his ntellectual and legal attainments, are ife along the border. Never was' Mr. Vest known as a bravo, but he has lad his part in some famous gun Ights, and always a part creditable o him as an officer of the law. For example, there is the story of he wiping out of the Whitley gang of rain robbers in the days when Mr. Vest was deputy marshal. Mr. Whitley lad systematized the industry of robling trains. He was doing a large uisiness One day the marshal sot a tip that Ir. Whitley intended to hold up and oh a certain Southern Pacific train out f San Antonio on a certain night. Into he mail car, which was just behind he engine, Mr. West and another depty were placed. Then in the baggage ar, next In the train, the marshal and considerable posse were stowed away. It was expected that the Whitley erson would cut off the two cars, acording to his custom, run them up he track some miles, and then start a roh them at his leisure, whereupon he marshal and his aids would spring heir little surprise party. But the hing did not work out that way. i'hitley and five of his gang held up he train, all right, hut they detached nly the mail car. It and the engine ere miles away when the marshal and he main posse realized what had aken place. * * * There was a surprise party, hut the urprised were Mr. West and his lone ompanlon. Under the circumstances hey felt that it was up to them to do omething. Hence, when their car topped they slid open the door of the ar and went into action with their rtillery, shotguns and revolvers, it was a handsome fight in the flf ?en or twenty minutes it lasted, asualties consisted of two train rollers crippled. By hanging close to the oor Mr. West and his companion esaped hurt, but they kept up such a eadly fire that the robbers finally ed. Some days later Information came In hat Whitley and his men were to take inner on a certain night at a certain ouse in Florasville. Four marshals, ir. West in the party, secreted themelves in the wing of the house and raited. Presently Whitley and his ompanions entered the dining room nd one lighted a lamp. Thereupon ir. West kicked open the door and his arty entered, guns in hand. Whitley, ever fast on the trigger, met hem with a biasing revolver, but his im was bad. Theirs was better. Mr. vhitley died right there and all but k AIDIAj J\MLI > %'' >7 A -'<?' -'<" V "' - ' SE, WHOSE PROFILE APPEABc urrala nickel ? t euphonious title of "Seized-Wlth-His Ears." t It all ' cgan a stood many years ago, i when Mr. <1111 was traveling in the t we3t and the Crow chief took a fancy f to him. When Seized-With-His-Ears heard that Mr. Gill was about to leave 1 for other fields he gravely announced > that he would regard the photographer t as his "younger brother" and that Mr. . ctiii must ree-nrd him as his "elder i brother." After Mr. Gill promised to do so the Tndbtn said: "Now you my younger j brother. We all same brothers. When i I want something you got you must j give it to me. I give you what you want. I want two bits." \ Mindful of his promise/Mr. Gill pro- ' 1 duced the necessary twentv-flve-cent ' r piece and so began a "sight-draft" arrangement which has never terminat- 1 r ed. A few years ago Mr. Gill, replying ' i to a request of his "elder brother" for ' - a dozen photographs, mentioned the ' . fact that a girl baby had come to the ' s Gill household, in reply to which he re- ' celved a package containing a pair of t small moccasins and a letter, in which , the "elder brother" expressed himself i as being- 'glad of the arrival of Miss , > Gin. ; *** ] "I tell my wife make moccasins," ( 1 Seized-Wlth-HIs-Ears said: "I very 1 I glad to tell you I have a little girl, too. ] She is twelve years old, and you, my ^ younger brother, must send her a j dress." ( | Geronimo besides enjoying the distlnc- 1 J tlon of being the only Indian who j 1 made Mr. Gill pay him for posing was > also, declares the photographer, consid- i OS6 K.@JJC narkable and Dangerous ' 3rs for President Wilsonc Intrusted to Him?He T War-ridden Land?Zapata s. JLJjj WH; > " ^i^y ^ ' .^MBHBiBBWlBMBBllil|^? DUVAL V two of those present were gathered In. n< The two escaped in the darkness; the \\ explosions of many revolvers, all , speaking at once, had blown out the lamp. P' Acts such as these on the part of Mr. West may not contribute directly Pi to his equipment for dealing with a hi grave international situation and help- ' ing a great nation form its policy, but of they gi^e a sidelight ou the quality w of the man. te Mr. West remained as assistant te United States attorney until the break- is ing out of the Spanish-American war, be when he went out as captain and ad- th jutant of the 1st Texas Volunteer In- gi fantry. The regiment, however, went th * . r f ''-A; GEBONIKO, THE INDIA? WOULD NOT POSE UNL >rnhlo r>f rx flim-flam artist T!ip AnflchA I warrior, realizing that photographers r were anxious for his likeness, arranged t for himself a scale of prices. For one snap-shot with an ordinary hand camera he charged 10 cents, hut if he saw i tripod make its appearance the c imount of the gratuity rose to 25 cents, r ind if he were ushered into a studio, is far as he was concerned, "the sky c was the limit." So when he was taken to Mr. Gill he ? blandly demanded $2 for the privilege bf taking his photograph. Mr. Gill nade up the necessary amount in v ihange and counted it into the horny J band which had in the past lifted so J Tiany pale-face scalps. Then he posed "Jeronimo, but he had scarcely reached h lis camera when the ancient Apache e bailed him in agonized tones, crying, n 'Two bits short!" Mr. Gill hastened " back to his side, protesting that the p tmount was right, hut Geronimo was n ibdurate, exhibiting what he declared was the full amount he had received s ind refusing to sit until Mr. Gill had broduced another quarter. h "I know the old rascal short-changed s Tie," declared Mr. Gill, "but I got even >rt Shap four Through Mexico t( -His Picturesque Career ells of Strange Experieu i, the Man of Mystery, Fo ?????????? t( adi ti ill b< 3l Bp! <% BwBWByM^HMMJai|B^W^BB ce p< ' BWWgB|?Bf^fBK!^^S^j^SM w jBBS^&gSHIIIwiBMMBK^Wi s? e< ?2 HBBBWBMa fflWKBBjagSralfia ha MHBMgBSOTJ fl IW^ <* OMRj^^nHnranu I ?_____?_____ th hi PEST. y( CT( > further than Florida camps, so Mr. J|, 'est saw no actual service. Returning ti< San Antonio, he entered general law za active, paying particular attention to B<; deral court work. That practice has Vj it him in the front rank at the bar of s state. q, There is much litigation in that part Vj Texas over irrigation matters and ce ater rights, and this litigation is in- pl rnational in character, since the wa- tj( r comes from the Rio Grande, which ar the international boundary line, and za >th sides of the river are dependent on t? e river flow to furnish the means of op owing crops. Soon Mr. West became ie attorney for all the American wa- ta y "1 f~ ^ g , ' ' I y*?* - r ' " ' <! aSSSa ^KSSHSTw''-' A f CHIEF "WHO PUNNING ANT] ?33 PAID HEAD-DRE55 DI vlth him, for by pretending to arrange ny camera I got two plates instead of he one which he authorized." ? * * Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces, acording to Mr. Gill, possessed the d!glity of a chief justice and was a man if magnificently strong character. "I photographed Chief Joseph in 1903," ays Mr. Gill, "and the following day e returned to see the proofs, upon .-hich I asked him to put his totem. Juch to my surprise he wrote, 'Chf. oseef, 1900." "I pointed to the date and shook my ead and said 1903, and the interpreter xplalned it to him. But the old chief lerely shook his head and insisted, rhat's all right.- Through the interreter I told him again that he had lade a mistake, but he replied: "I know it is right. My good friend howed me how to write it." "And that is the kind of loyalty that ad made the Nez Perces famous for teadfast friendships." Mr. Gill, who can, at a single glance ?d ^?"W I ) Interview All the and His Equipment ces in Passing Beund in a Tiny Indian ?r users from Laredo to the mouth of ie river. It is recognized that an essential ling in the settlement of all of the isputes is a reformed treaty with exieo fixing an equitable division of ie waters of the river. For a long me Mr. West and others, through the epartment of State, have been laborg to that end. This naturally led to r. West's study of international law, subject which has interested him far syond the range of the water controjrsy, and to his becoming a member ' the American Society of Internaonal Law. Aside from all this his general praece has been iarge. And these facts 1 being well known to Messrs. Greg- , y and Burleson of the cabinet, is it ] ly wonder that they nominated Mr. 1 est to the President for the post of t mfidential adviser on Mexican af- i i rs ? . * \ =F -TOn an agreement that ho would not i required to talk of the character or xt of the report he has made to the resident, nor to suggest what recomendations he had made, Mr. West rently in Washington agreed to tell an terviewer of some of his experiences pursuing the inquiry the President ] rected him to make. "In the beginning." said Mr. West, "I ant to say that I was treated with 'ery consideration and courtesy by e various leaders to whom I traveled, iiey all were anxious to place at my sposal the facts as they saw them, id to accord me safe conduct. The lief difficulties I encountered were due the activity of minor military oflirs in the wilder country who remtedly held me up. 'These roving bands, not having had ord from their responsible leaders, ught to arrest nie, but always let me i when my credentials were presented when the Mexican officers with me plained the circumstances of my s avels. So, aside from the fact that I id lrequent opportunity to inspect at ] ose range, revolver and rifle muzzles a veled at me, 1 cannot say that I en- r untered any extraordinary difficulty, c "The situation in Mexico at the time t made tny investigation was about a lis: Villa, from his capital at Chilahua, was operating his own govern- 1 ent; Carranza, from his capital at t era Cruz, also was conducting his i ivernment, while, tinder the protec- a 011 of the Zapata forces, the conven- f inist president. Roque Gonzales Gar- o , was conducting a so-called national c ivernment in Mexico City. t "By the conventionists I mean the e lla-Zapata alliance which, at the u nvention at Aguascalientes, chose t irza as the chief executive. With t 11a holding the north and Zapata the b nt:al and southern parts of the re- t iblic, there is no regular communicaon between these two leaders, who v e arrayed against Carranza. Carran- v 's force, occupying the area in be- v een, keeps them apart. Still they are a ierating in alliance. e 'Without going deeply into the deils I may explain that while all three ft l * ^ ;: % ** : "7> \ [? v M 1 1 '. e1l0pe,wh0' in different ? gjsrinns the rivE dollar bill ?r h h' usually tell the nation to which an In- n dian belongs, declares that Indians are ? not vain. " "1 usprl to fhfnlc thov wptp." hp savs. "on account of the great care and time r: they take in pluming themselves be- f' fore posing for a picture, but it is not h true. The Indian has his own ideas as ti to what constitutes the esthetic in "< dress, and that, coupled with a super- 01 stition regarding the proper arrange- tl ment of paint, hair and ornament according to rote, often places him in a b false position in the eyes of a layman. r< "Except for the Cocopas, who live b near the mouth of the Colorado river, tl and few of whom had ever seen a white man at the time I visited them, I have tl met with not more than a half dozen tr Indians who feared the camera. These tl simply refused to pose because to have b their pictures taken would be 'bad ol medicine." "Few Indians care for profile pictures, M one of them declaring that he had no t< special objection to such a picture, but tc that he wanted his made 'with two eyes b and a whole mouth.' An Indian usually bi prefers to be taken standing, so as to oi show his whole body, and not be 'cut w Mexicar elements officially proclaim their de- ai sire to create a constitutional govern- g' ment in Mexico, they are proceeding tc on two distinct plans of action. What et we may call the conventionists, other- sc wise the Zapata-Villa alliance, are op- w erating on the plan of Ayala. while the is Carranza forces, or constitutionalists, m so called, are operating on the plan of hi Guadalupe. The two plans involve q\ substantially the same principles. "tl * * ra "Leaving Washington in the middle It of last February, I went to El Faso and ~ thence, accompanied by George Caroth- ja ers, special agent of the Department of pj State, to Chihuahua, where I had ex- so tended interviews with the officers of Villa's provisional government. From there I went to Torreon and on to tn Monterey, where I had interviews with ju Gen. Felipe Angeles, the Villa general he in command, and Raoul Madero. the ' Villa governor of the state of Nuevo wl Leon. I may mention in passing that V< Raoul Madero, of all the 160 Maderos, in is the only one who has taken up arms ti< since the death of President Madero. lb "From there 1 returned to Torreon no and thence to Aguascalientes and de Guadalajara, where Villa was with his fo army. After several long talks with foi hmi there I accompanied him to Torreon, a trip lasting some days, in which time I was with him a great deal. "This trip was made hy train, although many of my trips were made m by automobile in regions where the tracks had been destroyed or where there were no railroads. Villa, with Pe bis headquarters ever in the field, has ev i train as his usual abiding place. His ha ind the other armies in the field travel much by train and know box cars as heir only shelter. These armies are Pe lifTerent from the usual army in the I field in that they have no tents. I pei ionbt that there is a military tent in KO Mexico. it * dai * * Ba "From this trip I returned to El Paso, and then went by steamer to (-a fera Cruz to see Carranza. I found fea lim living in some state in a very *' landsome and well equipped building m the water front. The fact that a va] ight house has been erected on the p luilding has given rise to the state- gin nent that he has taken refuge in a wa ighthouse. This is far from correct. anc "Like the others I visited, Carranza of eceived me most amiably and was of ery courteous in seeing that I se- T Hired the information I wanted. An wa ilder and more sedate and deliberate H.o nan than the others, he did not talk a inc treat deal himself, for he is one who in irefers to let others do the talking ant Hid to revolve the substance of the we alk in his brain before he makes re- $30 ponse. It "lie is a man of broader and more nat iberal education than the others, for, nes s you no doubt know, neither Villa dor lor Zapata professes to have any edu- afft at ion. Naturally shrewd, however, hui t,?if L-,on educated men near them, stri nd each has his force of secretaries. gor "After spending some two weeks In too "era Cruz I proceeded in April to go lies hrough the lines to the City of Mex- thu co, acco.mpanled by Consul General era hanklin. This and the return journey urnished the most exciting incidents f my entire trip. The railroad being ut, I had to make a large part of the R rip each way by automobile. How- JSi ver, by telegraph the tentative schedle for passing me from one side to fesi he other was arranged, and this, al- 'V hougli there were frequent hold-ups hat y wandering bands, let me get eas hrough. so i "In making the journeys each side "I rould give an escort to a point near arti ,-hich it was estimated the other forces woi ,ould be, and then leave me to go on tha lone, there being no direct contact wat ver between my respective escorts. of e "I spent a fortnight in the City of >y lexlco, interviewing President Garza s FT.* as another explained, and with rad dress or hat on." Mr. Gill's experiences In the role of ounner brother' to red men who have aken a fancy to his belontrlnKS have ot always turned out as well ss hit doption by Seixed-Wlth-ltis-Kars r< ulted. Upon another occnston he wan dopted by an Indian who desired to et several photoaraphs of himaelfand ucceeded In doin* so. "On parting with Kreat ceremony and pparent affection." said Mr. Gill, "rrv lder brother In this Instance prese.nted te with a lame and very beautiful elk ooth which pleased me very much? ntll I found out It was made of celluold." a * Frequently requests come from Tnllans to Mr. Gill for additional photo :raphs upon the ground that when heir wives have died their possession* avc been taken from them, which emhasl7.cs a peculiar custom amotiK many ribes. possibly the outgrowth. Mr Gill elieves. of efforts in early years to tamp out disease, by cremating the odies of victims with their household elongings. In these tribes wlien a. toman dies she Is placed in the 1 odgo f her husband, which is set afire. As oon as the fire has gained a little leadway, all of her relatives are ;?t iherty to rescue what they can from he flames and keep the relics. While he has on numerous occasions >een "taken into tribes," Mr. Gill beieves that except for a few prisoners n the early Indian wars who found faor with their captors, but one white nan in his knowledge has ever been Incerely adopted bv Indians. That nan was Frank Gushing of ;he Smithonian InstituMon. For Ave years 'ushing lived tn? life of a Zuni Indin; . working into their confidence, ^.-lining dmission at last ?o their secret soeieies and being Anally made a "Priest of he Bow." * * * Pushing was a white man who for he sake of science lapsed for a time nto savagery. He learned to chip arow heads, carve turquoise and drl'l ends, and he learned the secrets of he Zunis. But he died before lie had a hance to give very much of his knowldge to the world. His hunting of the Indian with a amera has Led Mr. Gill into many trange and buried corners of the coninent. He has crossed deserts where e has found corrals capable of holding wo hundred head of cattle whose lockades were made entirely of the arcasses of animals baked to a maogany hardness by the desert sun. Ho as explored lost cities on distant desrt-surrounded mesas, and on one occasion was confronted in the heart of he desert of the Colorado off the Yuma rail by one of those desert tragedies . hlch .were bo plentiful in the early ays of the west. It came about when Mr. GUI. riding ver the trail one morning, espied half mile from the narrow track of sar?r what appeared to be a pueblo ru n. t first his horse, with the fear of the esert which seems ingrafted into all lounts in that country, refused to turn side into the shifting sands, but at 1 st cantered off toward the spot Mr ill wished to examine. Arriving, he ound that what he supposed to h a Liin was merely a natural erosion of n adobe clay bank outcropping n th> esert. But a clump of tree- farther ^ f bo fjincht his nttent ton -d e rode toward it. As he approached e saw that the stunted growth rrarke-l o water hole or camp sin n '1 was bout to turn back when suddenly his orse stopped and refused to move. Sir. Gill fearing the proximity of a tttlesnake. examined the ground in -ont of him carefully, hut could find o trail of a reptile in the sand, and ten looking up suddenly lie was eon'ious of something directly in front f him which he had not seen until tat moment. It was the body of a man mummified y the desert lieat and probably the ilic of a lynching or execution years efore, swinging to a limb of otje of te trees. air. Gill dismounted, and knowing tat if he tied his mount to any of the ees the horse would bolt, he tethered te animal to a small greasewood bush, ut before he could reach the victim f the long-gone tragedy the horse irked the bush up by the roots and >. Gill sprang backward just In time ) grab the reins as the horse wheeled ) bolt, and so with the alternative of eing set afoot in the desert, he rode ack to the trail, leaving the mystery ' the hanging man to the desert grove hlch had seen his death. k Polir/v tid other officers of the conventionlst avemment, acting, as I did on all the >ur, as a sort of human sponge, liy ay In the city was prolonged by rea>n of the difficulty in getting in touch ith Zapata, whom I desired to see. He a man who dwells in the hills, and :ver comes Into the city unless he is to. Always on the move, his headlarters in the saddle, he is known as he man of mystery." "However, a meeting finally was arnged. and I traveled down on the iteroceanic railway?a narrow gauge into the hot country in the * te of orales, where, in a little Indian vilge, at a house appointed, I met Zaita and had a talk with him lasting ine six or seven hours. "Then I returned to the City of Mexland put in a week there arranging r the exciting journey back through e lines to Vera Cruz, where I arrived st in time to catch a steamer for tme. "During all the time, up to the ..olnt here I left the City of Mexico for sra Cruz, I kept a voluminous diary, which I recorded all the oonvfrsa)ns and incidents. Some time, when e facts have ceased to be news and i harm will come from making the tails public, 1 may relate them, but r the present it would be improper r me to do so." ASHMUN BIIOW.V Famous Pearls. I 'HE pearl is the only gem needing H not the hand of man to bring to H rfection, and history affords ample H Idence of the Intense fascination it H s exercised upon the people of every H e. The pearl Is the oldest object of I rsonal adornment. H ndiun mythology often speaks of the H irl. attributing its discovery to the H d Vishnu, who is said to have caused H to be drawn" from the ocean for his H Jghter Pandaia. The records of the H bylonians. Egyptians, Persians and H mans also contain many references the gem. The wife of the Emperor ligula, for an ordinary betrothal ist, is said to have decked herself th pearls to the value of $1.00(1,000; 1 Julius t'aesar presented Servllla. ; mother of Brutus, with a specimen iued at $250,000. 'hilip II of .Spain paid $200,000 for a gle pearl known as "Peregrina." It s found in Panama, was pear-shaped i weighed 1.14 carats. Another king Spain?Philip IV?purchased a pearl Indian origin weighing 12fi carats, he largest pearl known is that which s once the property of Henry Philip pe. Cylindrical in form, it iH two lies long, four and a half inches circumference at one end and three I a half inches at the other. It ighs 1,800 grains and is valued at 0,000. ; is known that the beauty of the ural pearl sometimes proves evacent. To retain its shimmering spleu' it needs air and light. Acids can set pearls, and emanations from the nan skin can, it is contended, deny the precious luster, which, once le, cannot be recovered. Sometimes, , owing to their comparative softs. pearls become scratched and s a source of anxiety to their own Be Punctual! I N' actress in an interview in London attributed her rapid rise in her proslon in great part to her punctuality. in actress," she said, "must learn the lit of being punctual?a habit so y to acquire that one wonders why many women do not learn it. think," she continued, "that the st hit off yery well the average nan when, td his friend's suggestion t one of the fashionable new finger ches might cure his wife's bad habit ilways being late, he replied: ir'stcbes on her finger* and clocks on bee bate, be'll be anpanctual irhererer sbe goes.' "