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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 23, 1915, Image 1

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WEATHER. ^I If ^5J/ k /"X r-?j
Fair tonight and tomorrow; gentle to ! ^k ?M /_ 1 A a ^ a. aaa A . a J. _ a a aJ I LpK "From Press to Home i
moderate H I ! iftl ????
h^rcrS.s.(?at r^ToryV^: II t.| ||^ ^1 TIP I I II IT ^S0 I T? ? m Within the Hour"
'^.r^e page ^6^ +> A' l l^lA ' yV ^ ^
. j ; ^ " ? i ' " i
* I
High Officials Here Lean to I
View That Parting of Ways
Is Close at Hand. V
pci ATinwQ iq i nnircn cnp u
President's Friends and Advisers
Unable to See How He Can Avoid 1
Taking Drastic Step. th
re j
Calling" of Congress Would Be De- ,ef
pendent Upon Action of Imperial Sjj
Government?"Friends of Peace" sel
Caution Executive. j
Official announcement was Hi
made at the White House today
that "as soon as all the ist
facts regarding the Arabic are th
, r ra
ascertained our course of ac- ac
will K* " Ar
jngton. He had hoped to go to in
Cornish late this week.
The President does not expect 1
to hold the usual cabinet meeting Grj
tomorrow. All but three mem- To
bers are out of the city. A meet- ?f
ing will be held as soon as conelusive
evidence about the sinking iif
& in.
ot the Arabic is received. ] m
' sa
Silence Regarded as Significant. jw
The very silence at the White House J P.
today was considered as a token of a i
' pr
determination that has not before been
shown in the relations of the adminis- i
tratlon with the imperial government Ca
of Germany. In anticipation of a profoundly
serious step In the internat:onal
relations of this country with evi
another, the President waits, patiently j me
giving every moment of time necessary ! , J
to investigate every phase of the Ara- ' h
hie disaster From represertatives of
this government in Great Britain he is
expecting all questions to he made J
clear; from officials of the United! v !?
States at Berlin he is waiting for the rru
receipt of some word from the Berlin wc
government. A report was rife today i*'/
that Germany is about to make apol- ; '
Ogy for the sinking of the Arabic, but 1
there was no official verification of
this; little hope, in fact, that it will 1
prove correct. I f
The basis for the prevailing opinion sf
today that the President will be cornpelled
to denounce Germany to the
world is the belief that the thorough n?
sifting of the Arabic loss is going to ,
show that the German submarine corn- K
mander had no justification for his act in<
beyond the German view that everything
British that floats, animate or va
Inanimate, is subject to destruction; jmj
that he gave no warning; that he was ! ea
not in danger of attack or about to be ar
In danger; and that the Arabic had ca
no armed escort at the time of her t
sinking. \
Possibility of Conflict Admitted. ^
The possibility of conflict about the
matter is. of course, admitted. The
elaims of the submarine commander are
(Continued on Ninth Page.)
irst Chief's Generals Declare
He Is to Decide for -
. S. May Place Embargo on Arms
iv vuiiaiiLUbiuiiaiiaia IU xuicc
End of Conflict.
iVith the receipt here of replies to
e pan-American note to the Mexican
iders by practically all of Gen. Carrtza's
chief military and civil support3,
announcing that the responsibility
sts with Carranza as to whether a
ace conference should be held by the
tders of the various factions, the fact
>ms up today that the efforts of th^
rnatories to the note for a peaceful
ttlement of the strife In Mexico have
""or Carranza, it is reliably reported
re, will refuse in positive terms the
ggested plan for a peace conference,
s reply will represent the governors
d military leaders in all of the terory
controlled by the constitutionalgovernment.
The hope existed here
at many of these supporters of Carnza
would break away from him and
cept the proposed plan of the pannerican
.Jen. Carranza's reply, it was said toy,
probably will come to Washington
om Mexico City, where he is planning
move the seat of his government. It
expected in a few days.
Unless the United States and the dipmatic
representatives of the South
id Central American republics who
ined in sending the Pan-American
>te to the Mexican leaders have some
rther plans in mind for the estabihment
of peace in Mexico, there apar
to remain as possible courses the
llowing: Another period of inaction,
iving the settlement of their troubles
the Mexicans themselves; the estabihment
of an embargo on the shipent
of arms and ammunition into
sxico destined for the Carranza
rces, which would virtually mean
king sides with the opponents of
trranza; the recognition of the Carnza
government; armed intervention
the United States.
Arms Embargo Possible.
n some quarters it is believed that
? embargo on the shipment of arms
:o Mexico will be the course adopted,
is a question, however, whether the
her American republics would aciesce
"Ih-a policy which would mean
reality intervention in Mexican afrs.
Armed intervention would not
countenanced by the Latin-Amerii
republics, it is understood clearly
'he argument is made that an cmrgo
on the shipment of arms into
?xico would be an effective way of
tnging Gen. Carranza to terms, for
view of the European war it would
impossible for Carranza to purchase
ms elsewhere.
it the State Department today no
:imation was given as to when the
n-American conferees would have
other meeting to consider the replies
lich have been sent to their note,
is believed, however, that this meetX
will be held in the course of the
Kt ten days.
leanwhile, from the news received
re, it appears that another period of
litary activity is under way in
xico. Gen. Villa, having ascertained
it Carranza and his supporters are
ainst holding a peace conference, as
?gested in the pan-American note,
s announced that he intends to go
ead with a strong offensive against
i Carranza forces.
Battling Is Besumed.
lonsular dispatches from Piedras
gras today report a battle at Ica>le,
near Monterey, between Cariza's
troops and the combined forces
Villa, Hernandez and Kaoul Madero.
th sides, the report states, claim vic y.
The railroad between Piedras
gras, Saltillo and Torreon is reportopen.
'he Brazilian minister to Mexico,
se Oliviera de Cardoso, who has actfor
the United States during the last
ar. discussed Mexican affairs with
L-retary Lansing today, and was aft
vard entertained at tuncneon by Aslant
Secretary Breckinridge of the
ir Department at the Army and Navy
ib. Later a special cavalry drill was
*er? for the diplomat at Fort Alver.
.retary Lansing will entertain him
dinner tonight.
Secretary Lansing's conference with
i minister today was of an informae
nature, and dealt with conditions
Mexico City.
Villa Beady to Fight On.
;L PASO, Tex., August 23. ?Arrivals
3m northern Mexico today declared
;n. Villa is mobilizing his forces at
rreon, preparatory to a guerrilla warre
against Gen. Obregon. Sixty pieces
artillery have been parked at Santa
ara and Santa Rosario. many miles
the north of Torreon, as a reserve,
rn. Villa :s said to have 20,000 men,
eluding the expeditionary force ar,ed
recently from the south. It is
id Gen. Felipe Angeles, now in
uthern Sonora. is endeavoring to ince
southern Yaquis to attack Gen.
L. Calles. Carranza commander in
at state, with a view to relieving
essure against Gov. Maytorena at
'he report that Gen. Rudolfo Fierro,
nuto Reyes, Roque Gonzales Garza
d Gen. Banderas of Zapata's force
I the Villa expedltfonary force Into
rreon Is confirmed. The force hower,
was said to number only 13,000
V report of the hospital service at
ihuahua shows that 7.140 wounded
re received between March and July,
e mortality was seventy-eight, 5,107
irjg discharged and 1.865 remaining,
fancies caused by discharges pertted
reception of five thousand more
unded from hospitals at Torreon and
:ewnere, iuhhiiik u iuui ui muic i"??n
000 wounded treated since March 1.
Carranza Information.
'he Carranza agency here gave out
rther replies to the pan-American
ace note from supporters of Gen.
rranza, stating that in each case the
te had been turned over to the first
ief to answer and declaring alleance
to the constitutionalist governent.
Among those who forwarded
ch replies were Gen. Salvador Alrado.
Governor of Yucatan and cominder
of the army corps of the southst,
and Gen. Martin Triana, governor
id military' commander of Aguaslientes.
merican Red Cross Feeding Destitute
in Mexico.
MEXICO CITY, August 14, by mail
(Continued on Second Page.)
This official announcement da
was given out by Secretary to
Tumulty after 2 conference 1S,
with President Wilson. Mr. '?
Tumulty said the statement J?
was all he was authorized to fu
say. pe
High officials today leaned
strongly to the view that the part- Hs
ing of the ways between the United Si
States and Germany is close at
hand; virtually here, in fact.
In the light of all the informa- b>
tion that is being received it was
impossible for the President's 1
wannest friends and closest adyisers
today to see how he will it
avoid taking the drastic step that
has been regarded as possible? '??
the severance of all diplomatic re- be'
lations with the German govern
inent, an announcement to the _ 1
world that the United States'no
longer wishes to continue 011 in
friendly terms with a nation dis- an
regardful of all laws and of. the , -J
rights of humanitv in general. pa
That the President will take no ?t
backward step from the warnings in;
heretofore conveyed to the German
government was everywhere jj?
in official life today regarded as a
certainty. Any thought of this ig;
was instantly dismissed wherever -ha!
a remote suggestion of that course
was made.
Will Not Act Hastily.
It was equally apparent that 'mc
the President will not permit him- ral
self to be rushed to conclusion, bo
and that if he acts radically it I?'
will be because the facts all before ?<i
him warrant his decision and be- joi
cause he feels sure that Ameri- yii
cans evervwhere will stand by I"'el
j r*r'
President Wilson has given up en
for the present his plans to return ! 511
to his summer home at Cornish. als
"V H snd will remain in Wncli- t'n'
Expedition Believed on Way to
Give Battle to New
Ottoman Foe. #
Germans Bending Every Energy to
Fortify Constantinople Against
an Attack.
Rome's Declaration of Hostilities
Arouses Troops and People to a
High Pitch of Enthusiasm.
ROME, August 23, via Paris,
3:2o p.m.?Several transports
laden with troops and escorted by
warships have departed from
Naples, Syracuse, Taranto and
Brindisi for an unknown destination.
They sailed under sealed orders.
It is generally believed that
they are to be employed for operations
against Turkey.
Planned Last July.
UDIXE, Italy, August 21, via
Paris, ii 130 a.m.?The-fact is disclosed
that joint military action
by Italy with England, France
and Russia against Turkey was arranged
by the Italian Gen. (
Pirro during his visit to the
Anglo-French front in July.
Plans- studied then, it is said,
can immediately be put into action.
Fortifying' Constantinople. I
LONDON, August 23.?The Germans
are now devoting their whole attention
to the fortification of Constantinople
and attach no importance to the defense
of Adrianople, according to the
Times' Balkan correspondent.
"The Turks," the correspondent says,
"for some time have been preparing a
second defensive line on the Gallipoli
"There is much quarreling between
the German and Turkish officers," the
correspondent continues,. "It is stated
that the Germans admire the bravery
a# T-., ; *.? v* v...* -> ?
?.??*; a utniou li UUjJO, UUL cwuaiucx
them incapable of an energetic offensive,
owing to insufficient training and
a consequent lack of discipline."
Italians Are Enthusiastic.
ROME, August 22, via Paris. August
23.?Italy's declaration of war against
Turkey has been greeted enthusias- a
tieally from the Alps to the Ionian sea tl
and across the Mediterranean to Libya, n
from which the governor general has u
sent a telegram declaring that his b
troops claim the privilege of being the p
first to enter into the new campaign. ti
Gen. Cadorna, commander-in-chief of P
the Italian army, says his men received
the news with great cheering. tl
The general staff has discussed with ^
King Victor Emmanuel the plan of the
new campaign against Turkey. The
government has received assurances
that the American authorities have
taken the necessary steps to protect
Italians in Ottoman territory. K
Grateful to United States. ^
Appreciation is expressed here in 1
government circles arid by the people s
of the weighty burden undertaken by
the American embassy at Constantinople
in the protection of Italian in- t
terests in Turkey. Unofficially hopes t
are expressed that the United States
will send additional warships to render
fh'e representations of Ambassador ^
Morgenthau effective. a
Many Italians-are employed as labor- r
ers in the interior of the Turkish em- c
pire. remote from the direct influence i
of American consuls. j
Stirs Anger of Germans. {
AMSTERDAM, via London, August 23. *
?The German newspapers, copies of i ^
which have been received here, express ; t
indignation at Italy's declaration of i t
war on Turkey, asserting that Italy
is merely acting on tlie orders of j j
Great Britain.
The Tageblatt says that although ^
Italy has not yet declared war on Germany,
she is ready to act whenever
she is ordered by the allies.
"The declaration of war on Turkey,"
says the Vossische Zeitung, "is the t
natural consequence of Italy's vassal- g
use to Great Britain and France. But (
Turkey need not worry, as Italy will a
break her teeth on the Dardanelles, c
like Great Britain and France have c
done." t
Italian Troops Press Attack
Along the Carinthian Front J
ZURICH, Switzerland, August 22, via ^
London, August 23.?Telegrams from the
Austrian southern front rlnf^rl Thiirorlnv '
state that the Italians are making: vigorous
attacks along the whole Carinthian front (
and that their artillery Are is becoming
more and more intense.
They are constantly attempting to storm
Austrian advance posts with both large
and small detachments, making specially
determined attacks in the Krn region. The
foggy weather also encouraged them to
send large forces to Ploeckenraum and
Kleinpal. These forces succeeded in penei
trating the Austrian, outposts, but after
fierce fighting the Italians were driven
I back.
Italians Evacuate Pelagosa.
VIENNA, August 23, via London, 3:30
p.m.?The admiralty announced today
that reconnoissances Saturday established
the fact that the Italians have
1 r
v '' ^
7inance Minister and Imperial
Moderation, Said to Have
Increasing D\
AMSTERDAM, via London, /
ference of cabinet ministers, pol
writers called by the German imp
assembling of the reichstag last Th
situation, the Telegraaf says, Karl H
ury, explained that the new Germ:
exhaust the empire's financial resoi
exchequer bonds would cause bank
Therefore, Dr. Helfferich urge
for an honorable peace.
German Difficulties Increased. | r
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg, | ad
ccording to the same report, declared j tic
hat the difficulties of the empire were j ch
icreasing, and advised his hearers to |
se their influence to soften down i w<
ellicose inclinations and expansion | co
olicy in the reichstag- and the coun- j Ge
ry, and carefully to prepare peace j
reposals which would he acceptable
> the four members of the entente. .
Dr. Barnhard Dernburg's report of L
he failure of his mission in the United tfl<
tates and other neutral countries, the
elegraaf says, made a strong impres- 0f
ion on the conference.
Supported by Gen. Von Moltke. tin
Gen. von Moltke, former chief of the ,Sa
eneral staff, declared that he fully j*1
greed wfth*the chancellor, and added
hat only those not fully informed on te.
lie situation could hope for the pos- se]
ibility of complete Russian defeat. on
evacuated the island of Pelagosa, in
he Adriatic sea, having destroyed all
mildings and fortifications.
-? Ft
The Pelagosa twin islands are in the
Adriatic half way between the promonory
pf Gargano and Dalmatia. They ^
ire of volcanic formation. It was anlounced
from Rome July 26 that berause
of the strategic situation of the ho
slands Italian naval forces had estah- lui
ished themselves there. August 17 an as
Austrian fleet of twenty-one vessels, .
insisted by an aeroplane, bombarded
'elagosa, but. according to the Italian
idmiraltv, retired without attempting to
o disembark after four members of se
he Italian force had been killed and J Tf
hree wounded. j se
?? I eg
J j 11 u
Monarch's Illness Had Delayed Re-1,J
ception of Prince Hohenlohe.
AMSTERDAM, via I.ondon. Aupust 2*!. I
?A dispatch from Constantinople says
hat the sultan yesterday gave an IE]
udience to Prince Hohenlohe, acting
Jerman ambassador to Turkey. This
?i1 - ?" ft~> r- thu rtiirTiriKt* i
if allowing the prince to present his
redentials, has beeiupostponed several
irnes owing to the state of the sul- '
an's health, it is said. ce'
Later Prince Hohenlohe, in the name tei
>f Emperor William, presented the
ecoration of the Iron Cross to the ce]
ieir to the Turkish throne. Prince wj
russof Izzedin. fin
)ver 200 Benefit Orders Represented
in Gathering at Minneapolis. *
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., August 23.? .
rhe National Fraternal Congress of A
Vmerica convened here today. More I
han two hundred benefit fraternal orlers
of the United States and Canada, j
t was announced, were to send dele- bo
fates. j of
Among the subjects to be discussed Na
Lre "Child Insurance," "Whole Family fo!
Protection" and "Shall the Military Di- to
visions of the Fraternal Orders Be En- o*<
isted as a National Defehse by Co- Co
>peration with the War Department?" 1
rhe list of speakers Includes W. J. ta:
Sryan, John Wesley Hill of New York ch
ind Sidney H. Pipe of Toronto, Ont, lal
1 ? iv n v v* r
[ i^nanceuor, rleading tor
> Warned of Empire's
lugust 23.?At the secret conitical
leaders and influential
erial chancellor before the reursday
to discuss the political
elfferich, secretary of the treasin
war loan would completely
irees, and that the increase in
d, it was needful to prepare
)esi>ite these declarations, the story
ncludes. the meeting refused to
opt a resolution advocating modern<n
in the reichstag, wherehpon the
ancell-or declared that if a majority
the reichstag should show an irconcilably
chauvinistic attitude he
>uld be obliged to resign, as he
uld not accept responsibility for
rmany's disaster.
Two Efforts for Peace. ?
iOXDOX, August 23.r?A dispatch to
? Morning Post from Petrograd says:
At a conference with the publishers :
the leading Petrograd papers who !
sited him to urge the facilitating of j
e transport of supplies of paper. M.
zoroIT. the . Russian foreign miner,
declared categorically in reply ;
a question:
' 'Germany twice already has atTipted
to open pourparlers for a
parate peace?once with France and
ce with Russia."
irm Houses, Sawmills and Other
Property Destroyed.
VANCOUVER. B. C., August 23.?
om Alter hay to the International
undary line, the coast of British Combia
was shrouded today with smoke
a result of forest fires,
tn army of fire wardens has been
hting the fiam.es in various districts
r several days, but lack of rains is
riously handicapping their efforts,
lirty dwellings and farmhouses,
veral sawmills and hundreds o. telraph
and telephone poles have been
\*hit.e Rock, a resort where a large
niber of residents of Vancouver and
estminster have summer dwellings,
threatened with destruction.
igland and France to Co-Operate In
Exchange With America.
?AR1S, August 23.?Alexandre Ribot.
e French minister of finance, and 1
ginald McKenna, the British chan- :
[lor of the exchequer, conferred yes rlnv
at Roiiln^np-Snr.ypr \ '
rhey discussed and agreed upon con- ;
*ted action with regard to exchange
th the United States and other ?
ancial questions affecting the allies. 3
other meeting will be held at Lon- *
n shortly, at which Pierre L.. Bark, 1
? Russian finance minister, will be 1
ssent. 3
Imiral A. H. McConniok Will Be e
luried in Congressional Cemetery. ;
?cial Dispatch to The Star. *
tNNAPOLIS, Md., August 23.?The \
dy of Rear Admiral A. H. McCormick r
the navy, retired, who died at the
tval Hospital here Saturday night
llowing a long illness, will be taken
Washington tomorrow morning at 10
dock and burial will take place in
ingressional cemetery.
The funeral here will be with mill- 1
ry honors, the services at the naval t
apel being conducted by th# chap- 2
in, Eev. William O. C&sard. I
Berlin Hears Friendship of
Sofia Government Now
Is Assured.
Italy's Declaration of War on
Turkey Arouses Enthusiasm
at Bucharest.
hi II II 111 IM 1 I II II I I
Rebels Organizing an Army
Against the Americans.
Caperton Reinforced.
Reliable reports that Haitian rebels
have been organizing1 an army to attach
the American forces on the island
are responsible for plans nowbeing
carried out to reinforce Rear Admiral
Caperton's marines and bluejackets.
i lie marine arniiei j uaiianuii ai rvnnapolis,
comprising 350 men and twelve
three-inch field pieces, will be embarked
on the armored cruiser Tennessee,
and sent to southern waters
this week to await developments at
some place where Admiral Caperton
can land them in a few hours. The
Tennessee arrived yesterday at Norfolk
and will proceed to Annapolis tomorrow.
Additional equipment will be
put aboard at Philadelphia before the
ship starts southward.
Admiral Caperton's Report.
Admiral Caperton today reported
quiet at Cape Haitien and Port au
Prince, but said it had been necessary
to take over the customhouse at St.
Marc. The Haitien troops near Cape
Haitien still refuse to disarm, but natives
came into the town to market
Saturday, Admiral Caperton said,
which he viewed as a hopeful sign.
The admiral asked last week that additional
marines be held in readiness to
join him and the Navy Department decided
today to start the Annapolis battalion
south without waiting for further
word. There are a dozen Haitian
ports at which it may be necessary to
land men. The Tennessee may wait at
Dr. Bo bo's View of Situation.
According to a special dispatch from
San Juan, P. R.. Dr. Rosalvo Bobo, the
deposed Haitian leader, who has just
arrived there, describes the Haitian
situation as follows:
'"The United Stateshas long: coveted
Mole St. Nicholas (a deep bay and
cargo port at the northwest extremity
of Haiti), and the war in Europe afforded
an opportunity to get a foothold
otherwise impossible.
"Without American guns Dartiguenave
could never have attained or retained
the presidency. Haitians will
never submit to the degradation of outside
bruiser Tennessee Due at Annapolis
Today to Transport Battalion.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
ANNAPOLIS, Md? August 23.?To
take on board a battalion of nearly
&50 marines for special service in Haiti,
the U. S. cruiser Tennessee, under command
of Commander B. C. Decker, will
arrive off Annapolis some time this
ifternoon. from Port au Prince.
The mobilization of the marines was
directed under hurry orders from the
S'avy Department received Saturday.
Fhe complement to be sent will include
the three companies of light artillery
that have been under instructions here
ror the last several months.
The battalion will be armed with twelve
hree-inch field pieces, in addition to the
nfantry supports. The marines will emaark
aboard the Tennessee some time to'
norrow, and she will sail either in the
vening or early Wednesday morning. Two
ompanies arrived at Annapolis from the
Norfolk navy yard last night.
The battalion will be under the comnand
of Maj. R. R. Dunlap, and there
vlll be eleven other officers in the comnand.
Italy Is Outlawing Alcohol.
MILAN, Italy, via Paris, August 23.
?The authorities today withdrew 1,800
icenses to sell alcoholic drinks, iniiating
a campaign against alcoholism,
ftajiy bars, Uins, saloons and rstreshnent
bouses have closed, *
MILAN, Italy, via Paris,
August 23, 3:45 p.m.?One
of the main difficulties in the
way of a solution of the
Balkan problem favorable to
the entente allies has been
settled, according to an in,
terview with Premier Pachitch
of Serbia, published in
the Corriere Delia Serra.
The premier is quoted as
saying that Serbia has given
way to Italy regarding Albania.
BERLIN, August 23. by wireless
to Sayville, N. Y.?The Overseas
News Agency today gave out
tlie following:
"Official reports from Sofia and
Constantinople state that Turkey
and Bulgaria have signed a new
treaty, Turkey granting Bulgaria
her desired direct railroad connection
with the sea, and Bulgaria
agreeing to observe a benevolent
neutrality, if not more/'
"This demonstrates the definite
failure of the efforts of the entente
powers to revive alliance of the
Balkan states and induce them to
join in the war against Turkey."
Bulgaria Deemed Unpledged.
Unofficial reports late in July stated
that a convention had been signed July
22 by which Turkey ceded to Bulgaria
the Turkish portion of the Dedeag|
hatch railway. The reports stated that
the treaty left Bulgaria unpledged concerning
her attitude in the war.
That Bulgaria had not been pledged
to any course as regards the war has
been the assumption under which negotiations
have been conducted by the
entente allies looking to a satisfaction
of her reported demands for territorial
concessions from Serbia and Greece as
the price of her entry into the war on
the side of the allies. Several unofficial
reports concerning Bulgaria's diplomatic
activities appeared to confirm
j this view. It was reported, for instance,
Jin Sofia dispatches through London Au|
gust 16, that Bulgaria had recalled
j from Constantinople a delegate who
I weni mere 10 negotiate witn Turkey.
Rumors of an Ultimatum.
LONDON, August 23.?A Reuter dispatch
from Sofia, Bulgaria, says:
"Private advices from Bucharest state
it is feared there that Germany has
sent an ultimatum to Rumania regarding
the right to transport munitions of
war for Turkey through Rumanian territorj*.
The Rumanian cabinet is firmly
resolved not to grant this permission.
"A large number of cars, laden with
i war material, has be^n held up at Prej
deal, a village near the Tomos pass, ,
J where it is reported Rumanian troops j
; are concentrating. Troops also are j
massing at Jassy, about 200 miles !
northeast of Bucharest, and the petroleum
regions have been heavily garrisoned."
Enthusiasm for Italy.
GENEVA. Switzerland, via Paris, August
23.?The Bucharest, Rumania, correspondent
of tiie Tribune, sends the
"News of the Italian declaration of
war against Turkey reached here at 8
o'clock last night. There was much
enthusiasm throughout the city. The
king at once called a meeting of the
cabinet, and the Italian ambassador
was present.
"The king today will hold a conference
with all the representatives of
the Balkan states. Yestetrday he
signed several decrees of a military
i nature."
Members of Greek Cabinet.
PARIS, August 23.?A dispatch to the
Havas Agency from Athens says the
new Greek cabinet will include almost
all ministers in the old cabinet of M.
Venizelos. Gen. Danglis, it is said, will
be the minister of war; M. Miaculis,
minister of marine; M. Repoulies, minister
of finance; M. Savitzianos, minister
of the interior; M. Raktivan, minister
of justice; M. Diamantidis, minister
of communications; M. Tsiriinokos,
minister of public instruction, and M.
Michalakopoulos, minister of national!
M. Venizelos was received yesterday
by King Constantine and accepted the
task of forming a cabinet.
n_? ? ? 3.' A. J Tl.n n
crisis rreaicica xuiiowing oecret j
Session of Deputies Thursday. |
PARIS, August 23.?All the morning
papers discuss guardedly the secret
session of the chamber of deputies set
for next Thursday, at which time it i8
expected Premier Vivian! will personally
give the explanations demanded by
the deputies concerning the conduct of
the war. The papers express the opinion
that if the premier holds to his
resolution that the cabinet stands or
falls together, not allowing the singling :
out of any one minister for attack, a 1
crisis may be expected. |
In place of its usual criticisms on the j
sanitary service for the army, the news- i
paper L'Homme Enchaine, published by ,
Georges Clemenceau, leaves a two-and- i
a-quarter-column blank. space, which
| is headed, "For the wounded," and :
signed "G. Clemenceau.** _ ^ j
Russians Also Send Four Teutonic
Transports to Bot- ^
torn in Battle.
Two Cruisers and Eight Torpedo
Boats Add to Greatest Naval
Disaster to Kaiser.
Czar's Soldiers Capture Four Barnes
After Their Occupants Perish in
Sea, Being Exterminated by
Muscovite Defenders.
LONDON, August 23, 12:17
p.m.?The capitals of the entente
allies'are jubilant today over the
unexpected naval victory which
the Russians, according to their
accounts, have won in the Gulf of
Riga. England had more than a
sympathetic interest in the battle,
as a British submarine accounted
for the German battle cruiser
Moltke, the loss of which, added
to the destruction of two cruisers,
eight torpedo boats and four
transports, constitutes the greatest
naval disaster suffered by
Germany during the war.
Decisive Victory for Allies.
For the last week both Petrograd and
Berlin have been sending meager reports
of naval operations in the Gulf
of Riga, which were interpreted to
mean that Germany was attempting to
land forces for the purpose of supporting
the left .flank of Field Marshal
von Hindenburg in his efforts to overrun
the whole of Courland and thereby
establish his armies along the coast
route to the Russian capital.
The official Russian report, claiming a
decisive victory for the allies, together
with the expulsion "Of the surviving
units of the German naval forces from,
the gulf, contains few details in addition
to an enumeration of German losses.
It is assumed that, inasmuch as
Petrograd announced several days ago
that her large warships had retired
from the gulf, the mosquito flotilla,
assisted by submarines and land defenses,
wreaked flncxpected destruction
on a part of the convoying German
fleet and the transports.
The moral effect of this action on the
Russian people is expected in London
to be great, as it probably will do?much
to allay the depression incident to tha
continued Russian retreat, which has
been arrested nowhere except in the
northern sector, from Riga to Kovno.
Officially Confirmed.
A dispatch to the Times from Petrograd
confirms the announcement of M.
Rodzianko, the president of the duma,
of a Russian victory in the Gulf of
Riga and the sinking of the German
battle cruiser Moltke. The correspondent
appended to his dispatch the following
official communication.
"Confirmation of the naval victory in
the Gulf of Riga was conveyed to the
duma committees today by M. Rodzianko,
president of the duma. The
members of the committees requested
M. Rodzianko to congratulate the navy
on its splendid achievement and to
conVey to the minister of war their
compliments on the defeat of the German
invaders at Pernau by local levies.
"Among the German warships sunk
is the battle cruiser Moltke. Four huge
1-barges filled with soldiers were captured
and the invaders destroyed.
"Petrograd indulged in pardonable
rejoicings this afternoon. The des- *
perate efforts of the Germans to upset
our military plans by creating a diversion
on the Esthonian coast have
signally failed. According to the news
received today, they sustained heavy
losses during the operations connected
with the forcing of the Gulf of Riga.
"Aided by British submarine, we
were able from the shelter of the great
and little sounds to harass and cripple
and finally to drive the enemy out of
the gulf.
"The losses of the gallant Baltic fleet
were extremely small, in no way impairing
its efficiency, and so long as
this is preserved no serious danger
can immediately threaten Petrograd."
Germans Exterminated.
A dispatch to the Central News from
Petrograd says:
"The president of the duma lias made
the following announcement:
"In the Riga battle the Germans lost
one superdreadnaught, the Moltke.
three cruisers and seven torpedo boats.
"The German fleet has withdrawn
from Riga bay.
"The Germans tried to make a deQston*
noir Pornnvin < P#>rn ifp]. On thi?
east shore of the Gulf of Riga, some
thirty-five miles north of Riga). Four
barges, crammed with soldiers, took
part in the descent. They were repulsed
by the Russian troops without
the co-operation of artillery, the Germans
being exterminated and the
barges captured."
Bussian Naval Statement.
PETROGRAD, August 23, via London,
1^2:30 p.m.?The recent naval battle in
the Gulf of Riga is described as follows
in a statement irom navy headquarters:
"The German fleet, August 16, renewed
with large forces its attacks on our
positions at the entrance to the Gulf
of Riga. Our ships, during the 16th
and 17th, repulsed the attacks of the
enemy, whose secret preparations for
entering the gulf had been favored singularly
by misty weather.
"Taking advantage of a thick fog,
hostile forces of considerable size entered
the gulf on the 18th and our vessels
retired, at the same time continuing
to resist the enemy without losing
touch with him.
"On the 19th and 20th the enemy
reconneitered in different directions, at
tl?e same time keeping up a fight with
our ships, in which our torpedo boat
flotilla suffered material losses. On our
side we lost the gunboat Sivutch,
which perished gloriously .in an unequal
fight with an enemy cruise
which was escorting torpedo craft and
came up to a distance of 400 yards
from her. The Sivutch. enveloped in
dames,, continued to reply ^shot for

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