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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1915, Image 4

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INDORSE MR. WILSON
IN DEFENSE POUCY
Resolutions Praising His Plans
for Preparedness Adopted by
Order of Washington.
CRITICISM OF "ENEMIES"
WITHIN U. S. CITIZENSHIP
Rear Admiral Stockton. Retired, and
Dr. Joseph Bulloch Speakers at
Society's Meeting.
ATTer listening to addresses by Rear
Admiral Charles H. Stockton. U. P. N.,
retired, its commander general, and Dr.
.loseph G. B Bulloch, its chancellor
general, the Order of Washington
adopted resolutions praising President
"Wilson for his preparedness policy and
declaring that the country must come
speedily to a realization of its needs
for an adequate defense. The meeting
was h*?ld at the University Club and at
the close supper was served.
"Millions for tribute, but not one
cent for defense." was the way Rear
-Admiral Stockton styled the policies of
some persons throughout the country
who are violently opposed to the
1'nited States making any preparations
for any situation which may arise at
the conclusion of the present European
struggle.
"It is simply a case of self-defense. '
continued t;4e admiral; "and each male
human being in the country would
seem to be a factor. Those about us
should realise that - they face a sacred
duty."
Commend Defense Policy.
"We congratulate Woodrow Wilson,
American aire! Virginian.. in his efforts
to secure for our beloved country that
lasting peace which it would seem at
this moment only the readiness for de
fense by force of arms can guarantee,"
recited the. resolutions presented by
T)aniel Smith Gordon ?ipholding the
jK>ficies of President "Wilson. The res
olutions were adopted unanimously.
? We glorv In the vision of Woodrow
Wilson." it was further asserted, "when
he tells us of enemies within our citi
zenship who ? wnild spread distress
throughout our fair land, and in his
raft for4 the prompt enactment of laws
to'tneet the situation. We pray that
thff God of our fathers will give him
strength an<l courage in his work, as
we pledge him our united support."
In closing the resolutions declared:
' We. the descendants Of colonial sires,
compatriots of an order l?earing the name
of the illustrious Washington, with which
are associated a number of those of his
family line, do hereby affirm that the
citizenship of America must l>elieve in her
life?first, last and all the time; that
her interests must be safeguarded at all
costs; that her liberty must live; that
the Stars and Stripes must fly with honor
on all seas, and we hereby pledge our
selves?men who believe in America as
our fathers believed?on record as fol
lowing the flag now. as they so gloriously
followed it in the days of I^xington and
CTOBCOrn. amid the snowdrifts of Valley
Forge to the siege of Yorktown?brothers
in blood and aits and arms."
Theme of Dr. Bulloch's Address.
Dr. Bulloch took for the subject of his
address a question. "Will there be war
at any time by other powers against the
T'nited States?" He traced man from his
primitive state to the present time; ' First
of all he was a wanderer. Dr. Bulloch
said, and then began the family and then
the tribe.
"As lone as there was sufficient food
and land," he sr.id. "the well-condi
tioned tribes no doubt were satisfied,
but just as soon as some other tribe
began to feel the wan* for food, or the
desire for territory of some other
elan, then rame a clash between the
two bodies."
Continuing his tracing of the species,
D". Bulloch said: "Therefore, aHy coun
try which poss*-*sed richer and was in
a defenseless state or too weak to
resist those who desired to obtain that
which they did not possess, was open
to attack."
Speaking of the behavior of un
trained troops, in answer to those of
this'country who say 1.000.000 men can
b#? raised in twenty-four hours for de
fense. Dr. Bulloch said: "In the revo
lution the trained troops of the British
army captured Charleston. Savannah
and overrun the south, caused the
troops of Gen. Ashe to run like *heep
and nearly overrun the north, and but
for Washington. Kochambeau and Von
Steuben and other able leaders would
vithout a doubt have coerced the
w hole country."
Then he asked "How about the raw
troops of 1812. who allowed the city of
Washington to be captured by an in
ferior force?"
Force of 30.000 in Each State.
In conclusion Dr. Bulloch suggested
that a force of 30.000 men should be
raised in each state, which would
make a total of 1,200,000 men. This
force should be drilled by the general
government and should be subject to
?a!: or^y for maneuvers or Jn case bf
the danger of foreign invasion. Rail
way lines should radiate from the cen
ter of the states of the Atlantic and
Pacific seaboard states to the coasts
fo that troops could be easily moved
from one point to another ir. case of
attack, it was suggested. Munition fac
tories also should be placed at theee
centers, it was asserted.
At the conclusion of Dr. Bulloch's re
marks a member moved that the order
proceed to the placing of a tablet "to
ur? pre pa redness on the field of Bla
riensburg." There were no seconds,
however, and the motion was with
drawn.
Plans for Annual Banquet.
The aftnual banquet of the order will
be held February 22, probably at the
Army and Navy Club, and the follow
in* committee was selected by Admiral
Stockton to complete the necessary ar
rangements: Dr. Bulloch, chairman;
Dr. Charles Neill Macbryde, Chaplain
George Livingston Bayard, U. S. N.;
William M. Conrad. Alfred Barbour
Dent and Daniel Smith Gordon.
The list of those in attendance in
cluded Btheibert Fairfax, Dr. Thomas
J. W. Brown, J. McDonald Stewart, Dr.
1- D. Carman, Sydney F. Smith, Dr.
hteuart B. Muncaster, Dr. Edgar All
ison Hill, Dr. J.oufs B. Thomson. R. p.
Gerald, John Corrigan, jr., Howard P.
Wright and Harry S. Cox.
BURNSIDE POST ELECTION.
Officers and Representatives to De
partment Encampment Chosen.
Burnside Post. No. 8, O. A. R., has
elected the following officers to serve
for the coming year: Commander, H.
B Snyder; senior vice commander,
Walter Hilton; junior vice commander,
A. W. Barber; quartermaster, George
T. ''arter; surgeon. Dr. James McKee;
chaplain. Rev. N. H. Holmes; officer of
the day, H. I.. Deam; officer of the
guard, E. R. McGregor; member of de
7?artm*nt memorial committee. A. W.
Barber; member of department relief
committee, Lemuel Warner; represent
atives to department encampment,
*4 "hris Storm, James McKee, George
T. Carter, A. W. Barber, Walter
Hilton, James H. Blodgett, L. K.
?Brown, E. W. Woodruff, J. William
Palmer. E. B. Thompson, C. E. Carter,
H. C. Magoon and D. M. Goodacre. Al
ternates: C. A. Lounsberry, N. Y. Try
'on, J. W. Andrews, E. "W. Foster,
George F. Miller, A. 8. P?rham, J. W.
Valentine, C. P. Freeman, James J.
SitS"*08
Congressional Union for Wom
an Suffrage Planning Addi
tional Constructive Work.
WILL ASK TO BE HEARD
FROM FLOOR OF HOUSE
Also Expects Opportunity to Address
Kepublican National Committee.
Business Practically Ended.
Three additional pieces of construct
ive work remain to be done by the first
annual convention of the Congressional
Union for Woman Suffrage meeting in
tiiia city. One is the hearing before
the House judiciary committee, tenta
tively arranged for Tuesday. The sec
ond' is a- hiVped-for hearing from the
floor of the house of Mrs. .Field and
Mj^s Jolliffe, the envoys from the wom
an' voters of the west. The third is a
hearing, il* possible,'before the repub
lican national committee, which con
venes at the Willard Tuesday.
Leaders of the Congressional Union
appeared before the corresponding or
ganization of the democratic party last
Tuesday and bespoke the influence of
the committeemen with their congress
men in favor of the federal amendment
for woman suffrage. Similar oppor
tunity is hoped for at the coming meet
t ing of the republicans, and plans are
being laid to obtain the necessary per
I mission from Chairman H.lles on his
! arrival here, which is expected tomor
' row.
The rotitine business of the conven
tion is practically ended. No morning
i session was scheduled today, but the
afternoon was reserved for unfinished
matters and any new business that
might come up. Committees and de
partments of the union generally have
cleared their slates and the delegates
and suffrage workers now await the
two remaining climaxes of the conven
tion week, the mass meeting tomorrow
afternoon in the Belasco Theater and
the big Susan H. Anthony pageant in
Convention Hall Monday night.
Dinner to Be Given This Evening, i
A dinner for the uOegates and their
guests at convention headquarters in ,
the Cameron House is the feature for J
this evening. Miss Zona Gale of W is- ,
consin will be to.:-?distress and the
speakers will be Mrs. Glendower Evans
of Massachusetts. Frank \\ alsh of
Kansas City, Mfss Janet Richards of
the District of Columbia and Mrs. Alice
Duer Miller of New York. ;
One meeting remains for Monday,
that of the committee of one hundred
on maintenance of national headquar- |
ters, and one for Tuesday morning, |
that of the national executive commit- |
tee. With the expected hearing before \
the republican national committee the
activities of the convention will end.
Many of the out-of-town delegates are
to stav on in Washington because they |
are either delegates to or interested in ;
the forty-seventh annual convention of
th#? older American National Woman
Suffrage Association, the active work j
of which begins Tuesday at the Wil
lard.
The national executive committee
was re-elected yesterday with three
changes. Mrs. Crystal Eastman Bene
dict of New York, formerly a member,
was transferred to serve on the na
tional advisory council. Miss Anne Mar
tin of Nevada and Mrs. John Winters
Brannan 'of New York were added to
the committee, which now consists of
these two and Miss Alice Paul, New
Jersey, chairman; Miss Lucy Burns.
New York, vice chairman; Mrs. O. H. P.
Belmont. New York; Mrs. Gilson Gard
ner. District of Columbia; Miss Elsie
Hill. Connecticut; Mrs. Donald R.
Hooker, Maryland; Mrs. William Kent,
California, and Mrs. Lawrence Lewis,
Pennsylvania.
Afternoon Session Yesterday.
What union leaders describe as the
first suffrage meeting that ever was de
voted entirely to practical political pro
cedure took place at the afternoon session
yesterday.
The success of the work of the union
in bringing political pressure to bear in
the effort to win the vote for all women
of the nation was the theme of the an
nual report of Miss Alice Paul, chairman
of the executive committee. A striking
illustration of the effectiveness of the
methods of the union. Miss Paul said, was
j the fact that four of the five suffrage
resolutions introduced in the House of
, Representatives this week were sponsored
! by democrats, against whom the Congres
sional Union has been working.
| An immediate result of the woman vot
ers' convention in San Francisco in Sep
tember, according to Mrs. O. H. P. Bel
mont, was President Wilson's action in
publicly declaring himself in favor of
! woman suffrage, and in voting for the
amendment in his home state.
Only One Purpose in View.
"The Congressional Union is an or
ganization which was formed for one
purpose only, to get the Susan B. An
thony amendment through Congress,"
j Miss Paul said, in the course of her
report, which was the principal fea
ture. "It came into existence not quite
two years ago as an independent or
ganization. At the beginning of the
| Sixty-third Congress there was no
movement for a national amendment.
When we came here there v.ere no offi
cers. We could find no suffragists who
were interested in this amendment. The.
congressmen had not heard of it."
Miss Paul then pointed to the marked
development of the work of pushing
the Susan B. Anthony amendment.
An announcement, received with ap
plause, was that plans have been com
pleted for sending out organizers into
every state where the union is not now
represented. A further announcement
was that Mrs. Harriet Blatch of New
York will Immediately begin work
among the woman voters of the west,
I which will result, it is assumed, in their
i passing resolutions urging Congress to
I put through without delay the federal
suffrage amendment.
Box holders for the big masi meet
ling at the Belasco Theater tomorrow
afternoon include many prominent
(Washington women, as well as women
i of note from other cities.
j The list includes Mrs. O. H. P. Bel
i mont and Mrs. William Colt of New
'York, Mrs. Marsden Perry, Newport;
Mrs. Sophie G. Meredith, Virginia; Miss
Mary Burnham, Pennsylvania: Mrs.
Helena Hill Weed. Mrs. Charles Bough
tori Wood, Mrs. S. B. M. Young, Mrs.
John B. Henderson, Mrs. A. C. Bartlett,
Mrs. W. D. Ascough of Connecticut,
Mrs. Alden H. Potter, Minnesota; Mrs.
George Rubles, Mrs. Andreas Uelands
and Mrs. George Hendry of Detroit.
Mrs. Cherdron to Preside.
Mrs. Margaret Zane Cherdron of
Utah, the only woman who ever cast
a ballot In an electoral college for a
President, will preside. Mies Mabel
Vernon, who planned the transconti
nental trip of the envoys, will be one
of the speakers, and Miss Maud
! Younger of California will be another.
Miss Younger has been traveling
abroad Investigating the woman's labor
movement there, and since the out
break of the war she has been cam
paigning for sufTrage In this country.
Senator Sutherland and Representa
tive Mondell. heads of the delegations
that welcomed the woman envoys to
the capital, also will be among the
speakers, and the envoys. Mrs. Sara
Bard Field of Oregon and Miss Fran
ces JollifT. of California, will describe
their experiences In crossing the coun
try by motor car to bear the message
to Congress from tb. convention of
W^ryDA0S*Au themselves. ,t U r.
SCENES DURING THE CORONATION AT KYOTO, JAPAN.
tfr ? . .. ?. ,? ?i
I7PPER: DIGNITARIES AND THKIR WIVES AWAITING THE ARRIVAL OF THE IMPERIAL TRAIN BRINGING THE
EMPEROR AND HIS ATTENDANTS FROM TOKIO TO THE SHRINE OF HIS DEPARTED ANCESTORS.
LOWER: SCENE IN A SPECIAL INCLOSURE IN THE PALACE GROUNDS ESPECIALLY RESERVED FOR THE
AGED INHABITANTS OF THE SACRED CITY. JAPANESE REVERENCE FOR THEIR ANCESTORS, WHICH
AMOUNTS TO A RELIGION. AND TO THE ELDERLY FOLK, IS PARTICULARLY SHOWN AT THE TIME OF
A CORONATION. THE EMPEROR HIMSELF PRESENTED TO EVERY INHABITANT OF THE KINGDOM
MORE THAN EIGHTY YEARS OF AGE A BEAUTIFUL SILVER CI P.
alized. have not heard of the trials and
hardships encountered upon this trip,
although the reception accorded the
delegates in all the states and cities
through which they passed have been
spread broadcast in newspapers.
Mrs. 0. H. P. Belmont to Speak.
Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, chairman of
the committee on the woman voters'
convention, which sent the envoys east,
will be another speaker.
Among those who will sit on the plat
form will be Senators Thompson of
Kansas, Works of California, Myers of
Montana and Foindexter of Washing
ton, and Representatives Buchanan, Il
linois, Hayes, California; Johnson,
Washington; Elston, California; Nolan,
California; Smith, Idaho; Timberlake,
Colorado, and Kettner, California.
RECEPTION TO DELEGATES.
Hundreds Invited to Meet Those Op
posed to Woman Suffrage.
Several hundred have been invited to
attend a reception and tea at 5 o'clock
Moi>day afternoon in honor of the presi
dent of the National Association Opposed
to Woman Suffrage and the delegates to
its annual meeting in this city. The mem
bers of the District of Columbia Associ
ation are the hostesses, and the affair
is to be given at the residence of Mrs.
Thomas T. Gaff, 1520 20th street north
west.
Assisting Mrs. Gaff will be Mrs. Arthur
M. Dodge of New York, president of the
national association, and Mrs. C. H.
Davis, Mrs. James W. Wadsworth, Mrs.
j E. Rollins Morse. Mrs. Swager Sherley,
j Mrs. Douglas Putman Birnie, Mrs.
Joseph M. Stoddard, Mrs. C. L. Hussey,
Mrs. Arthur W. Dunn, Miss Murray L,ed
i yard, Miss Josephine Patten, Miss Alice
Card, Miss Anne Squire and Miss Eliza
beth Davis.
Mrs. C. H. Davis was elected president
of the District of Columbia association
at a meeting of that organization held
Wednesday at the residence of Mrs. E.
Rollins Morse. Mrs. Joseph M. Stoddard,
Mrs. Douglas Putnam Birnie and Mrs.
Gaff were chosen vice presidents, and Miss
Alice Card treasurer. The newly elected
recording secretary is Miss Anne Squire.
Mrs. George B. Puller was chosen cor
responding secretary, and the new
executive board consists of Mrs. James
W. Wadsworth, Mrs. E. Rollins Morse,
Mrs. Swager Sherley, Mrs. Arthur W.
Dunn, Mrs. C. L. Hussey, Miss Josephine
Patten, Miss Murray Ledyard and Miss
Elizabeth Davis.
HELD ON THEFT CHABGES.
Two Colored Women and One Man
in Police Custody.
Annie Randolph and Effie Wima, col
ored, of 1417 Swann street, were
arrested yesterday and charged with
j shoplifting. They were arrested by
Policeman Odum and Mrs. Keys of the
pickpocket squad and charged with
having stolen articles of wearing ap
parel from a 7th street store. Mrs.
Randolph was taken into custody at
the store, while her friend was arrested
at home. They probably will be ar
raigned in Police Court Monday.
A charge of robbery was perferred
against Claud Gardner, twenty-flve
years old, 1184 Ontario place, who was
arrested last night by Park Policeman
Henry Helms and turned over to
Precinct Detective Wright. It is
charged that Gardner took $43 from
Frederick Mixer, an inmate of Soldiers'
Home. Helms saw the two men in the
park at 6th street and Missouri avenue,
took charge of them and escorted them
to the police station. The case was
not heard in Police Court today.
Gardner denies the charge.
Mrs. Mary G. Hendricks, 904 Florida
avenue northwest, was the only person
deprived of her pocketbook yesterday
while shopping, according to police re
ports. , Her pocketbook containing $20
was taken from her handbag in a store
on 7th street.
Thomas A. McNichol and Patrick Mc
Nichol, ^residents of East Liverpool,
Ohio, complained of a robbery commit
ted in their room at & hotel on Penn
sylvania avenue. The former said he
was robbed of a watch and chain, while
the latter reports the loss of $200.
To Aid Working Boys' Home.
Mrs. Arthur Lee is president of the
Working Boys' Home, which is planning
a the dansant at the Playhouse Tuesday
afternoon, December 28. The board
will be assisted by the Junior Aids of
the Working Boys' Home, including
Misses Ellen Bruce Lee, Hallie Davis,
Katherine Harlow. Helen McLanahan,
Margaret Fahnestock, Cecilia McC&m
mon, Margery Wright, Adelaide Tattle,
Polly Brooks and Georgians Schofield
and Messrs. Noel Symons, Silvanus
Stokes, Bsllsrd Moore. Ralph Jenkins,
Wynn Rust, Parker Keeboe, Jlmmie
Biker, BrnwrtfT ***?/. *?!*?"
and Godfrey McDonald.
6
WAR OFFICIALLY REPORTED.
In
BtTLGASIAN STATEMENT.
SOFIA, DfMtnber It:
The French concentrated near
part of their troops from Uer"ir'K"
Glevgeli. Wednesday fightl"srnvka
resumed on the Petrovo-Maroska
front. Our troops raptured several
positions on the heights and dro\e
back the French to though
Our column which ai'-anced 'througn
the Vardar defile defeated the Frencn
rear guard near the village of Klo_
sura, taking 100 I?Sk of
t^nvaarda?Cattac?ked the french po
after desperate street fighting there.
Our troops captured a strong P0*11'?"
on the Protan-Memili line, which the
?"ranco-British troops fortified the
first day after their arrival. The e"
emy is retiring south of the Habrovo
Vaiandovo line.
TURKISH STATEMENT.
CO\STAVnS?Pl.E, vim l.ondon. He
cember tlx
On the IraJc front, north and west, our
troops approached nearer the 10s
position at Kut-el-Amara and in
flicted great losses on the
compelling divisions on the light
bank of the Tigris to retreat to Kut
In'the "east we captured a bridge over
the Tigris and compelled some ho?
tile divisions to retreat l?l\ut el
Amara, and put hostile gunboats
In" the1'Caucasus: Near Mllo we cap
ture,! some hostile patrols and anni
hilated ^1redr?^el]es: Near Kemikle
Liman a hostile armored ship bom
barded our positions. Our artilier
replied, causing visible damage to
the hostile trenches and arUUerj P -
Kition? Two shells h.t tne ianai"6
place near Kemikle Liman cau.lng
looses and disorder. Or live mines
which the enemy exploded three
Srsss? ^ a.n.t
N?3wlthr?rtiner;ntboflmhsna6ndCOa'i;
torpedoes. A cruiser intermittently
bombarded our positions but was
compelled to retire owing to our fire.
Near Beddu 1 Bahr artillery silenced
cru?serB^r<tinsu^c^ssfuny bombarded
our positions.
RUSSIAN STATEMENT.
FETROGRAD, Deeemher 10. via I.on
don, December lit
On the western (Russian) front there
is no change In the situation. Near
Khumskeit and Kremenets an Aus
trian aeroplane fell inside our lines.
On the Caucasus front there is no
TnClpenrs?a half way between Teheran
and Hamadan, our troops defeated a
Turco-German detachment consisting
of several thousand members of the
rebel Persian gendarmerie and armed
bands having artillery and machine
guns. The enemy was driven from a
series of positions and fled, losing a
large number of men killed or
wounded.
ITALIAN STATEMENT.
ROMEi via I.ondo". December 111
There have been minor actions be
tween small detachments north of
Leppls. in the Cameras valley; at
I Adige, in the Calamento valley, at
Masobrenta torrent. In the upper Chl
azzo and in the Seebach valley,
where some prisoners were taken
^r?n?yheaX?ty continues on both
sides Our artillery dispersed work
i Trig parties and supply columns In the
vafley of the San Pellesrlno and
D<frmg?the night of the 8th the enemy
made several attempts to force, our
Tinnit Ions at Oslavla, on the heights
northwest of Gorilla. These attempts
were immediately ^oPped. An enemy
aeroplane dropped bombs in tne uog
na valley, but did no damage.
FRENCH STATEMENT.
PARIS, December 11. *<4?
The night was calm, except in the
Champagne, where, notwithstanding
the steady rain, there was l|ve'!'=an
_ _n Tveii as several engage
nm7nts ' close quarters with torpe
day confirm the pre WQrk of our
gunWrought serious damage to the
forUfiSuons and bomb-throwing ma-|
I^Vneight-.tlFre"h1offlclal .tatamant
OoV Mtillerr has been actlr. today. ??
I
pecially in Artois, where silenced
two enemy batteries which w'ere
tiring on the Bois en Hache. We did
some efficacious firing on the enemy's
works in the region of Quenne
vieres, between the Oise and the
Aisne, and also in the Argonne, in
the sector of La Fontaine aux
Charmes.
Army of the orient: As soon as it was
demonstrated that the junction that
had been attempted with the right
wing of the Serbian army was no
longer feasible the commander de
cided to evacuate the advance posi
tions occupied by our troops on the
Cerna river and toward Krivolak.
The successive maneuvers connected |
with the falling back were carried
. out methodically and without ana.
great difficulty, notwithstanding tluf
fact that the Bulgarians attacked us
several times.
As a consequence of violent fighting on
the 8th and 'Jth instant, during which
Bulgarians were repulsed and suf
fered heavy losses, we have, in con
nection with the British troops, oc
cupied a new front, extending ap
proximately toward the River Boji
mfa.
BELGIAN STATEMENT.
PARIS, December 11:
Yesterday was marked by very violent
artillery engagements. Our bat- j
teries have done some effective firing
against enemy mustering points and j
also opened fire on enemy artillery!
toward Spermalie, Nessen and Wou
men.
In the region of the ferryman's house
our big centimeter guns have si
lenced the German mine throwers,
which had shown some activity.
AUSTRIAN STATEMENT.
VIENNA, December 10. via London, De
cember 11;
Russian theater: Here and there un
important engagements between re
connoitering parties took place. Else
j where the situation is calm.
Italian theater: Except for artillery
fire and small enterprises by infan
try, calm has prevailed. The enemy's
activity before the fortified section of
I^ardaro and Riva continues. In the
"afternoon Italian infantry attacked
our positions on Monte Video and
westwarg, between the Chiese and I
Conoe valleys. They were complete
ly repulsed, with heavy losses.
Southeastern theater: To the south of
the northern frontier of Montenegro
we are still in pursuit of the enemy,
who is fighting a rear-guard action.
GERMAN STATEMENT.
No official German statement was re
ceived today. The latest one reads:
Western theater: A French attack with
hand grenades against our new posi
tion on hjll No. 193, northeast of
Souain, was repulsed. There were no
other occurrences of importance,
storms and rain prevailing.
In the eastern theater of war there
were no events.
Balkan theater: The army of Gen. von
Koevess in the last two days took
about 1,200 prisoners.
There is nothing to report from the
army of Gen. von Gallwitz.
South of Strumitza the Bulgarian
troops took ten guns from the Brit
ish.
WAR LOSS INQUIRY
BY SENATE IS PLAN
Resolution Covers Sacrifice of
Life and Interference With
United States Trade.
MUNITIONS PLANT PLOTS
ALSO WITHIN ITS SCOPE
Introduced by Senator Hoke Smith,
With an Amendment by
Senator Lodge.
Further action on a Senate
resolution demanding congres
sional investigation of British in
terference with American trade,
with an amendment to extend the
inquiry to cover bomb plots and
loss of American lives in subma
rine attacks on vessels on the
high seas, rested today with the
foreign relations committee.
The resolution proposed yesterday by
Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia, who in
a sharp speech denounced the British
orders in council, drew the amendment
from Senator Lodge. In offering his
amendment the Massachusetts senator
said:
"I think it is of great importance that
we vindicate our rights as a neutral in
trade, but I think it far more impor
tant that we should extend protection
and security to American citizens."
First Debate on War.
Introduction of the resolution and its
amendment plunged the Senate into the
first debate of the session on the sub
ject of the war and its relation to
American affairs.
"The body of an innocent child float
ing dead on the water, the victim of
destruction of an unarmed vessel, is to
; me a more poignant and a more tragic
spectacle than an unsold bale of cot
ton," declared the Massachusetts sen
ator.
Senator Lodge's amendment provides
for investigation of the law and the
facts in the submarine attacks 011 the
L'usitania, Falaba. Hesperian, Arabic,
Gulflight and Ancona, and of the plots
and conspiracies against the neutrality
of the United States, to which Presi
dent Wilson referred in unmeasured
terms in his address to Congress Tues
day.
Put on Highest Ground.
"I wish to extend the scope of the
resolution by my amendment," said
Senator Lodge, "because if we are to
take up this question of the violation
of our rights I want to put it not on
the lowest ground alone, but on the
highest ground as well.
"I think Americans should be pro
tected in their lives and in their lib
erty everywhere. I do not think they
ought to be murdered in detail and ob
scurely in Mexico or openly or
wholesale on the high seas.
"Although I am as anxious as any
one can be to care for our rights in
trade if they are violated, to me Amer
ican lives are more important than
American dollars. If this investiga
tion is to go on, and especially if Con
gress is to take action, I want it to
take in all the violations of our rights
that may have occurred.
First in Importance.
"The most important is the violation
which has affected American lives or
the security of an American citizen?
man, woman or child?and the next
most important are those pointed out
by the President of the United States
in his message the other day when he
referred to the destruction of prop
erty accompanied by destruction of
life in the United States, and stated
that conspiracies in alien interests are
going on within our own borders."
Senator Works of California asked
Senator Lodge if his amendment was
comprehensive enough to include in
vestigation of parts played by citizens
of the United States in sending am
munition on ships which had been at
tacked or destroyed. He was assured
that it was meant to include inquiry
into all angles of the general subject
of belligerent interference with ships.
Senator Hoke Smith, replying to
Senator Lodge, intimated that there
had been an effort made to burv all
objections to interference with Ameri
can shipping by "sentimental protesta
tions of horror at losses of life," and
that some of this effort, at least, had
been influenced by profits from the sale
of ammunition.
Not Sufferers in Trade.
"Those who have considered it most
mercenary to criticise Great Britain
for interfering with neutral trade,"
said the Georgia senator, "have been
persons who, to say the least, have not
lost anything in their trade."
Senator Walsh of Montana declared
that seizures of American copper had
ceased only because American citizens
had agreed to ship their copper under
rules laid down by the British admiral
ty. He submitted a copy of an agree
ment entered into between the British
admiralty and an American shipper. It
was referred to the foreign relations
committee as an exhibit.
"There is no great demand for copper
now," said Senator Walsh, "and the
market is so high that there is no way j
the producers in the United States |
could increase the price of copper, and
this part of the investigation, at least,
would be free from any suspicion of
having been inspired by mercenary
motives."
Local Fire Losses in November.
Fire losses in the District in No
vember amounted to $38,994, or nearly
12 per cent of the total insurance of
$325,310. But four fires occurred where
the loss exceeded $1,000.
"Easily the outstanding biography of
the time " ?Boston Transcript.
The Life and Letters
of John Hay
By WILLIAM ROSCOE THAYER
At Alt
Book Store?
2 vols. Illustrated. $5.00 net.
EIGHT LARGE PRINTINGS
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY *
Parfc St.,
ui'Mwr
IN PRESENT WAR
Berlin Paper Declares This
Country Will Reap Great
Commercial Harvest.
9 ?????
SEES BIG OPPORTUNITY
IN SOUTH AMERICA
New Competitor Will Prove More
Dangerous to England's Position
Than Germany, Is Claim.
LON'DOX, December 11.?Copies of
the Berlin Vorwaerts received here
contain an article several columns in
length discussing the probable com
mercial and financial effects of the war
on the United States. Under the head
ing "The Real Victor" the writer con
cludes that the United States will reap
the greatest economic advantages from
the war, and that neither Germany nor
Great Britain stands to gain anything
whichever wins.
- "The sudden withdrawal of German
exports from the world markets," says
the article, "affords the United States
a tremendous opportunity for extend
ing its trade, particularly in South
America, while the accompanying
financial expansion will be made easy
by the new American currency laws.
Predominance Predicted.
"It the American operations are skill
fully carried out, the English bankers
in South America will feel their effects
and the Americans will rapidly secure
such financial predominance in the
southern continent as under ordinary
circumstances could not be expected
for fifty years.
"The European belligerents must con
tinue for a long time their large orders
of merchandise and foodstuffs from the
United States, and the money with
which they will pay for them will pro
vide plentiful resources for the com
mercial campaign in South America.
Danger to English Trade.
"Thus we see that the war has not
resulted just as the English had ex
pected. True, German trade has "been
shattered, but now, amid the din of
war, a new competitor is seen rising,
who will soon prove more dangerous to
England's position in the world market
than Germany would have been thirty
years hence.
"While the European countries gradu
ally are exhausting themselves, the
United States is paying all its lia
bilities and laying up a financial re
serve which will assure her a perma
nent place in world commerce?a place
which the enthusiastic American states
men of the past never dreamed possi
ble."
Provides Mobilization
of American Securities
LONDON, December 11.?The text of
the new government "war obligations
bill," which provides for the mobiliza
tion of American securities, has just
been issued. The bill will be introduced
in the house of commons Monday by
Reginald McKenna, chancellor of the
exchequer, who will'makfc a ?tat*hient
of the government policy in connection
with the measure.
Provision is made to Insure that
American securities may b? deposited
with the treasury or may tw friven to
the treasury in exchange forigovern
ment bonds, notwithstanding tiiat such
securities may be subject to any trust
and notwithstanding any provisions of
trust.
Raiding American Settlement
in the Yaqui Valley, Say Re
ports From Guaymas.
STOCK IS DRIVEN OFF;
HARVESTS ARE BURNED
Appeal Made for Protection?Cruiser
Raleigh Sent to Tobari Bay by
Admiral Winslow.
TOPOIyOBAMPO, Mexico. December
10, via radio to San Diego, CaJ? De
cember 11.?Yaqui Indians now are on
the warpath and are raiding the Amer
ican settlement in the Yaqui valley, ac
cording to reports just received from
Guaymas. The Richardson Const ru<
tion Company, which owns approxi
mately 1.000.UO0 ai res in the valley, has
sent out an appeal to the Amerivau
consul at Guaymas asking that pro
tection be furnished immediately as
the American colony is wholly with
out protection in the valley, where the
Indians are reported as raiding farms,
driving off stock, burning American
harvests and moving toward the ex
perimental station. No American cas
ualties have been reported.
j Five hundred Indian warriors en
I gaged Mexican troops for three hour*
yesterday along the Porlirio Dia?
canal between Cocorit and Jblsperanza.
The result of the encounter has not
been learned.
Cruiser Raleigh Dispatched.
Admiral Winslow, who is here with
the cruiser San Diego, has directed i?o
I cruiser Jialcigh, en route from Ojay -
! mas to Topolobampo, to proceed to
i Tobari bay, which is the nearest up
! proach to the American settlement.
I The Raleigh is due to arrive there early
I tomorrow.
Earlier advices from Guaymas stale
I that 600 infantry sent south from Her
mosillo, especiaily for the protection <>?
the Yaqui districts, arrived in the val
ley yesterday, but continued south
ward, as did a part of the cavalry
from Esperanza.
Indians ati.u*ked the garrison pro
tecting the Southern Pacific employes
engaged in repairing the bridge at Cor
ral over the Yaqui river. Fighting con
tinued yesterday afternoon and early to
day at that point. The railro.id officials
have sent an appeal to Gen. Dieguez for
greater protection in this district, as has
been promised.
Services for Late Dr. Washington.
Memorial services for Dr. P.ooker T.
Washington are to be held tomorrow aft
ernoon at 4 o'clock in Andrew Rankin
Memorial Chapel of Howard University.
Addresses are to be made bv President
Stephen M. Newman, Dr. Thomas J.
Jones and Prof. George. W. Cook.
Grand Prize, Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, 1915
Grand Prize, Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, 1915
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The Easiest Way
To save that first thousand dollars
is the real estate way. Money ac
cumulates rapidly when you are buy
ing a house. After you have ac
quired a substantial equity in a home
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vestment. This is one way to make
money in real estate. Read the Real
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gain. j6

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