OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1915, Image 5

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1915-12-11/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 5

Shakes Hands With More Than
7,CW People at Columbus
Doesn't Believe There Will Be a
"Patched Up" Peace as Re
sult of War.
COIA'JIBI'S. Ohio. December 11. j
President Wilson yesterday afternoon j
expressed the opinion that there will
be no "patched up peace" following the
Kuropean war. In a comprehensive and
forceful address before the Columbus
Chamber of Commerce he urged
American business men to mobilize
their resources in order that the United
States might be prepared to play a
more important part in the world's af
fairs. and bring about Justice after the
present war.
The text of the President's address
will be found in another column.
Shakes Hands With 7,000.
The President spent eighteen hours
in Columbus, during which he was
active every minute. His reception was
enthusiastic and pieaseil him grcatlj.
In addition to the chamber of com
merce speech he delivered an address
last night before the commission on
country and church life of the Kedera
I'minril of tlie Churches of Christ or
America, shook hands with MrMta
7.000 people at a reception in the ro (
tunda of the state capitol. spoke brieflj
to a large crowd from the steps o, the ,
caoito' and took a long walk about,
the st-eets of Columbus. The entire
c* y and many people from surround
ing towns greeted him. before
The address was delivered betore
more than 1.400 men *"d women n
the Masonic Temple, patrioticalt.
draped with American (lags "
c asion. Near him sat Gov W mis. for
mer Gov. .ludson Ha.rmo1!: ,f*ht ?eh
,'omerene. Representative Brumbaugh
and others of Ohio s leading nien. , Ills
speech was frequently interrupted bj
Big Reception in Capitol.
At 4 o'clock, after the President and
others in the receiving line at the
.?apitol had shaken the hands at nearly
?; 000 men. women and children for an
hour and a half. Dr. Cary T. Grayson,
the President s physician, recommended
that the capitol doors be closed and no
others admitted. The President re
fused to give his approval, however,
and for another half hour he dl?
pensed handclasps and smiles to those
?who came at the rate of about sixtj
a minute. When the doors were finally
closed more than 1,000 persons were
turned a war. About 1.000 of those w ho
passed down the receiving line were
SUMrs'SFrank B. Willis, wife of Ohio's
governor, was at the head of the sui
fragists' delegation. She gave Pr?"J"
ilant Wilson a bouquet of yellow roses
and white lilies of the valley, repre
senting the suffragists' colors.
Gov. Willis, former Gov. Harmon
Senator Pomerene and Representative
Brumbaugh were among those in the
receiving line. The Presidents co"s'"
Guy H Wood row of Columbus, and his
son Lloyd also were in the line.
Little Girl Wins Attention.
An old lady, who said her home was
Columbus, wanted to talk to the Presi
dent about a pension claim she said
?he had against the government, but
secret service men hurried her along
the line. The President spent thirty
seconds talking to four-year-old Vrina
Jane Hughes of Columbus, giving her
more time than any other person dur
ing the entire reception.
In his evening address before the
closing session of the national confer
ence of the commission on church and
country life. President Wilson empha
sized the need of making country
churches more useful. He *P"ke before
4 000 persons, many of w hom ?ere
clergymen and agriculturists from all
parts of the country.
How Nations Are Judged.
The President declared that laws are
useless unless they express the normal
feeling of the people. Therefore, he
said, it is primarily the duty of Chris
tians to better the moral character of
all persons. He added that Chris
tianity is the most vitaliiing thin* ss
the world.
"Nations are judged by '{?*?
think rather than by ?hjt tht>
possess," he said.
Some churches* are ov^rorgamzed ft
President declared, amid applaud.
said that he believed That the ?
and churches should be used " f fn
centers in rural districts as well ?s in
Cl-America is great not as a govern
ment. but as an accomplishment o! suc
cessful citizenship." he added.
The President and his part> left
Columbus for Washington last night
at 10:30 o'clock on a special train.
Jtr. Wilson Addresses Conference.
The President's evening address in
part follows.
"Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
I feel an unaffected diffidence in corn
in* Into this conference without hav
ing participated in its deliberations. I
wish that I might have been here to
learn the many things that I am sure
have been learned by those who have
attended these conferences. I feel con
fident that nothing that I say about
the rural church will be new to you.
1 want you to understand that I am
here simply because I wanted to show
iny profound Interest in the subject
which vou have been considering and
not because I thought I had anything
original to contribute to your thought.
"But I think as we have witnessed
the procesnes of our civilization in re
cent years we have more and more
realized how our cities were tending to
draw the vitality from the countryside,
how much less our life centered upon
country districts and how much more
upon crowded cities.
"There was a time when America
was characteristically rural, when
practically all her strength was drawn
from quiet countrysides, where life
ran upon established lines and where
men and women and children were
familiar with each other in a long
established neighborliness: but our
rural districts are not now just what
they used to be and have partaken in
recent years of something of the fluid
ity that has characterized our general
life. So that we have again and again
been called upon from one point of
view or another to study the revitall
aation of the countryside.
Vital Work in Rural Churches.
?There was a time, no longer ago
than the youth of my own father, for
example, when pastors found some of
their moat vital work in tha country
churches. I remember my daar father
used to ride from church to church
In a thickly populated country region
and minister to several churohes with
a sense of ministering to the most vital
interests of the part of the country
In which he lived.
"After all. the most vitalizing thing
in the world la Christianity. The world
has advanced?advanced In what we
regard aa real civilisation?not by
material, but by spiritual means, and
ona nation is distinguished from
another nation by Its Ideals, not by Its
possessions; by what it believes in; by
what it lives by: by what it intends;
by the" visions which its young: men
dream and the achievements which its
men of maturity attempt. So that
each nation exalts, when it writes its
poetry or writes its memoirs, the char
acter* of its people and of those who
spring from the loins of its people.
"There is an old antithesis upon which
? do not care to dwell, because
there is not a great deal to be
got from dwelling on it?between life
and doctrine. There is no real antithe
sis. A man lives as he believes he
ought to live or as he believes that it
is to his advantage to live. He lives
upon a doctrine, upon a principle, upon
an ideal?sometimes a very low princi
ple, sometimes a very exalted principle.
"I used to be told when 1 was a
youtl* that some of the old casuists re
duced all sin to egotism, and 1 have
thought as 1 watched fne career of
some individuals that the analysis had
some vital point to it. An egotist is a
man who has got the whole perspective
of life wrong. He conceives himself
as the center of affairs. He conceives
of himself as the center of affairs even
as affects the providence of God. He
has not related himself to the great
forces which dominate him with the
rest of us, and therefore has set up a
little kingdom all his own in which
he reigns with unhon'ored sovereignty.
"So there are some men who set up
the principles of individual advantage
as the principle, the doctrine, of their
life, and live by that, and live generally
a life that leads to : 11 sorts of ship
wreck. Whatever our doctrine be, our
life is conformed to it.
Effect on the Community.
"When I think of the rural church 1
wonder how far the rural church is
vitalizing the lives of the communities
in which it exists. We have had a
great deal to say recently, and it has
been very profitably said, about the
j school as a social center, by which is
| meant the schoolhouse as a social cen
tter; about making the house which
in the daytime is used for the children
la placc which their parents may use
I in the evenings and the other disen
gaged times for the meetings of the
community, where they are privileged
to come together and talk about any
thing that is of community interest, and >
talk about it with the umost freedom. I
"Some people have been opposed to it
because there are some things that I
they do not want talked about. Some j
boards of education have been opposed-,
to it because they realized that it j
might not be well for the board ot
education to be talked about. Talk is ;
a very dangerous thing, community ,
comparisons of views are a very dan
gerous thing, to the men who are doing
the wrong thing: but I for my part
believe in making the school the social
center, the place that the community
can use for any kind of co-ordinating
that it wants to do in its life.
"But I believe that where the school
house is inadequate, and even where it j
is adequate, that the most vital social
center should be the church itself; and
that, not by way of organizing the
church for social service?that is not
my topic tonight: that is another top
ics?but of making the community real
ize that the congregation, and particu
larly that pastor, is interested in
everything that is important for that
communitj*, and that the members of
that church are ready to co-operate
and the pastor ready to lend his time
and his energy to the kind of organiza
tion which is necessary outside the
church as well as in, for the benefit of
the community.
JBest Methods of Co-Operation.
"One of the things that the Depart
ment of Agriculture at Washington is
trying to do is to show the farmers of
the country the easiest and best meth
ods of co-operation with regard to
marketing their crops; learning how
to handle their crops in a co-operative
fashion, so that they can get the best
service from the railroads; learning
how to find the prevailing market
prices in the accessible market, so as
to know where it will be best and most i
profitable to send their farm products; ,
and drawing them together into co-op
erative association with these objects
in view.
"The church ought to lend its hand
to that. The pastor ought to say, 'If
you want somebody to look after this
for you, I will give part of my time
and I will find other men in my congre
gation who will help you in the work
and help you without charging you
anything for it.'
"The church has too it uch depended
upon individual example. 'So let their
light shine before men,' has been in
terpreted to mean 'put your individual
self on a candlestick and shine.' Now,
the trouble is that they are a very poor
candle and the light is very dim. It
doesn't dispel much of the darkness
for me individually to sit on top of a
candlestick, but if I can lend such lit
tle contribution of spiritual force as I
have to my neighbor and to my com
rade and to my friend, and we can
draw a circle of friends together and
unite our spiritual forces, then we
have something more than example; we
have co-operation.
"Co-operation is the vital principle
of social life. Not organization merely.
I think I know something about or
ganization. I can make an organiza
tion, but it is one thing to have an or
ganization and another thing to fill it
with life. And then it is a very im
portant matter what sort of life you
fill it with. If the object of the organi
zation is what the object of some busi
ness organization is, and the object of
many political organizations is, to ab
sorb the life of the community and run
the community for its own benefit, then
there is nothing profitable in it. But
If the object of the organization is to
aJ^ord a mechanism by which the whole
community can co-operatively use its
i:/e, the?i there is a great deal in it.
.in organization without the spirit of
co-operation is dead and may be dan
Tendency to Organization.
"This is a nation which loves to go
through tlje motions of public meet- ,
ing, whether there is anything par- J
ticularly important to consider or not.
It is an interesting thing to me how
the American is born knowing how to
conduct a public meeting. I remember
that when I was a lad I belonged to
an organization which at that time
seemed to me very important, which
was known as the Light foot Base Ball
Club. Our clubroom was a corner, an
unoccupied corner, of the loft of my
father's barn, the part that the hay
had not encroached upon, and I dis
tinctly remember how we used to con
duct orderly meetings of the club in
that corner of the loft. I had never
seen a public meeting, and I do not be
lieve any of the other lads with whom
I was associated had ever seen a public
meeting, but we somehow knew how
to conduct one. We knew how to make
motions and second them; we knew
that a motion could not have more
than two amendments offered at the
same time, and we knew the order in
which the amendments had to be put,
the second before the first. How we
knew it I don't know. We were born
that way. I suppose.
"But nothing very important hap
pened at those meetings, and I have
been present at some church organi
zation meetings at which nothing more
important happened than happened |
with the Llghtfoot base ball club. And
I remember distinctly that my delight
and interest was in the meetings?not
in what they were for; Just the sense
of belonging to an organization and
doing something with the organization,
it didn't very much matter what. Some
churches are organized that way. They
I are exceedingly active about nothing.
Now. why not lend that organizing in
stinct, that acting instinct, to the real
things that are happening In the com
munity. whether they have anything
to do with the church or not?
Influence of Church and School.
"We look back to the time of the
early settlements In this country and
remember that In old New England
the church and the school were the two
sources of the life of the community.
Everything centered In them. Every
thing emanated from them. The school
fed the church and the church ran the
community. It sometimes did not run
it very liberally, and I for my part
would not wish to see any church run
any community, but I do wish to see
every church assist the community in
which it 1* established to run Itself,
to thow that the spirit of Christianity
Is the spirit of assistance, of counsel, of
vitallz&tlon, of intense interest In
everything that affects the lives of men
and women and children. So that I am
hoping: that the outcome of these con
ferences, of all that we say and do
about this very important matter, may
be to remind the church that it is put
into this world not only to serve the
.individual soul, but to serve society
"And it has got to go to work on
society in one sense with a greater
sense of exigency of the thing than in
the case of the individual, because you
have got to save society in this world,
not in the next. I hope that our so
ciety is not going to exist in the next.
It needs amendment in several particu
lars, I venture to say. and I hope that
the society in the next world will be
amended in those particulars?I will
not mention them.
I "But we have nothing to do with so
J ciety in the next world. We may have
J something to do with the individual
I soul in the next world by getting it
started straight for the next world,
but we have got nothing to do with the
organization of society in the next
world. We have got to save society,
so far as it is saved, by the instru
mentality of Christianity in this world.
It is a job, therefore, that you have got
to undertake immediately and work
at all the time, and it is the business
of the church.
"Legislation cannot save society. Leg
islation cannot even rectify society.
The law that will work is merely the
summing up in legislative form of the
I moral judgment that the community
has already reached. Law records how
far society has got. and there have got
to be instrumentalities preceding the
law that gets society up to that point
where it will be ready to record.
"Try the experiment. Knact a law that
is the moral judgment of a very small
minority of Hie community, and it will
not work Most people will not un
derstand it and if they do understand
they will resent it. and whether they
understand it and resent it or not, they
will not obey it.
Law a Record of Achievement.
"Law is a record of achievement. It
is not a process of regeneration. Our
wi.'ls have to be regenerated and our
purposes rectified before we are in a
position to enact laws that record
those moral achievements. And that
is the business, primarily, it seems to
me of the Christian.
"There are a great many arguments
about Christianity. There are a great
many things which we spiritually as
; sert which we cannot prove in the
ordinary, scientific sense of the word
i 'prove,* but there are some things
which wo can show. The proof of
Christianity is written in the biography
of th*? saints, and by the saints.
"I do not mean the technical saints?
those whom the church or the world
have picked out to label saints?for
they are not very numerable; but the
people whose lives, whose individual
lives, have been transformed by Chris
tianity. It is the only force in the
world that T have ever heard of that
does actually transform the life, and
the proof of that transformation is to
be found all over the Christian world,
and is multiplied and repeated as Chris
tianity gains fresh territory in the
heathen world.
"Men begin suddenly to erect great
spiritual standards over the little per
sonal standards which they thereto
fore professed and will walk smiling
to the stake in order that their souls
may be true to themselves. There is
nothing else that does that. There
is something that .is analagous to it
and that is patriotism. Men will go
into the fire of battle and freely give
their lives for something greater than
themselves, their duty to their coun
try; and there is a pretty fine analog;'
between patriotism and Christianity. It
is the devotion of the spirit to some
thing greater and nobler than itself.
Classed as Transforming' Forces.
"These are the transforming in
fluences. All the transforming in- !
fluences in the world are unselfish.
There is not a single selfish force in
the world that is not touched with sin
ister power, and the church is the only
embodiment of the things that are en
tirely unselfish, the principles of self
sacrifice and devotion. Surely this is
the instrumentality by which rural I
communities may be transformed and I
led to the things that are great; and
surely there is nothing in the rural
community in which the rural church
ought not to be the leader and in which
it ought not to be the vitual actual
"That is the simple message that I
came to iKter tonight. I dare say it
has been repeatedly said in this con
ference. I merely wanted to add my
testimony to the validity and power of
that conception. We are in the world
to do something more than look after
"Tlie reason that I am proud to be an
American is because America was
given birth to by such conceptions as
these?that its object in the world Its
only reason for existence as a govern
ment. was to show men the paths of
liberty and of mutual serviceability,
to lift the common man out of the
paths, out of the slough of discourage
ment and even despair; set his feet
upon firm ground: tell him here is the
high road upon which you are as much
entitled to walk as we are, and we
will see that there is a free field and i
no favor, and that as your moral quali
ties are and your physical powers, so
will your success be.
Ideals of America.
We will not let any man make you
afraid and we will not let any man do
you an injustice. Those are the ideals
of America. We have not always lived
up to them. No community has always
lived up to them, but we are dignified
by the fact that those are the things
we live for and sail by.
"America Is great In the world not as
she Is a successful government, merely,
but as she is the successful embodi
ment of a great Ideal or unselfish citi
zenship. That is what makes the world
feel America draw it like a loadstone
that is the reason that the ships that
cross the sea have so many hopeful
eyes lifted from their humbler quar
ters toward the shores of the new
"That Is the reason men after they
have been for a little while In America
and go back for a visit to the old
country have a new light in their faces
the light that has kindled there in the
country where they have seen some
of their objects fulfilled. That Is the
light that shines from America. God
grant that It may always shine and
that in many a humble hearth in quiet
country churches the flames may be
lighted by which this great light is
kept alive."
Elder Pupils in Manhattan Schools
to Protect Younger Children at
Street Intersections.
NEW YOltK, December 11.?Twenty
five hundrel of the elder pupils, enlist
ed In an organization known as Safety
First Scouts, will begin within a few
days to guard street crossings near the
186 schools In the borough of Man
hattan. Their duty will be to safe
guard the i:ves of younger school chil
dren and to Impress upon them the
need of caution In crossing the streets
on their way to and from school. The
organization was formed by the Safety
First Society in co-operation with prin
cipals of all the schools, who selected
the boys best qualified to patrol the
sidewalks and crossings.
Signs will be posted at all crossings
near schoolhouses reading:
"Always be careful."
"Don't cross In the middle of the
"Don't hitch on cars, automobiles or
"Don't roller skate on the roadway."
Bill Would Check Lobbying,
Senator Overman, chairman of the
Senate lobb;- committee, has reintro
duced his ar.ti-lobbv bill as a step in
his flght to keep down lobbying dur
ing the present session. His measure
would require the registration of ex
ecutive council and agents.
?The President's address to the Co
lumbus (Ohio) Chamber of Commerce
yesterday afternoon follows:
The President's Address.
Mr. President, Gentlemen of the Co
lumbus Chamber of Commerce: 1 want
first to express my very deep grati
tude to you for the cordial manner in
which you have greeted me, and my
sense of privilege in standing here be
fore you to speak about some of the
things in which we are mutually inter
ested. You. gentlemen, are peVhaps
more interested in the matters of policy
which affect the business of the coun
try than in any others: and yet it has
never seemed to me possible to sepa
rate the business of a country from its
essential spirit and the life of its peo
ple. The mistake that some men have
made has been in supposing that busi
ness was one thing and life another:
whereas they are inseparable in their
principles and in their expression.
Business History Unsatisfactory.
I must say that in looking back upon
the past there is something about the
history of business in this country
which is not wholly satisfactory. It is
interesting to remember that in the
early years of the republic we felt our
selves more a part of the general world
than we have felt since then. Down to
the war of 1R12 the seas were full of
American ships. American enterprise
was everywhere expressed in American
commerce when we were a little nation,
and yet, now that we are a great na
tion. the seas are almost bare of our
ships, and we trade with other coun
tries at the convenience of the carriers
of other nations.
The truth is that after the war of
181" we seem deliberately to have
chosen to be provincial, to shut our- (
selves in upon ourselves, exploit our
own resources for our own benefit
rather than for the benefit of the rest
of the world, and we did not return
to address ourselves to foreign com
merce until our domestic development
had so nearly burst its jacket that |
there was no strait-jacket in which
it' could be confined. Now American
industry in recent years has been cry
ing for an outlet into the currents of
the world. There were some Ameri
can minds, some American business
men?not a few?who were not built i
upon the provincial type who did find
their way into foreign markets and
made the usual American peaceful
conquest in those foreign markets;
but others seemed deliberately to re
frain or not to know that there were
opportunities to be availed of.
I'ntil the recent banking act you
could not find, so far as T am inform
ed, a branch of an American bank
anywhere outside of the United States,
whereas other nations of the world
were doing their banking business on
foreign shores through the instrumen
tality of their own bankers. I was
told at a meeting of the American
Bankers* Association that much of the
foreign banking business, the busi
ness in foreign exchange, had to be
done in our ports by branches of Cana
dian banks established among our
selves. Being literalists, we interpret
ed the national banking act to mean,
since it did not say that the national
banks could engage in this business,
that they could not engage in it, and
some of the natural, some of the neces
sary, functions of banking were not
performed by American bankers.
Organization vs. Monopoly.
I refer to this merely as an evi
dence of what I take leave to* call
our provincialism. Moreover, during j
this period this very interesting thing
happened, that American business
men were so interested to be protect
ed against the competition of other I
business men in other countries that ,
they proceeded by organization to pro
tect themselves against each other, and |
engaged in the politics of organization
rather than in the statesmanship of
enterprise. For your organization for
the purpose of preventing successful
competition is not In moral level any
higher than running politics upon the
basis of organization rather than upon
the basis of statesmanship and achieve
ment. Organization is necessary to I
politics and it is necessary to busi
ness, but the object of organization
ought not to be exclusion; it ought i
to be efficiency. The only legitimate
object of organization is efficiency.
It can never be legitimate when it is
intended for hostile competitive pur
I have never entertained the slightest
jealousy of those processes of organi
zation which led to greater and greater
competency, but I have always been
jealous of those processes of organi
zation which were intended in the spirit
of exclusion and monopoly, because the
spirit of exclusion and monopoly is
not the American spirit. The Amer
ican spirit is a spirit of opportunity
I and of equal opportunity and of ad
mitting every man to the race who
I can stand the pace. So I say that
t we have reason to look back upon the
1 past of American business with some
dissatisfaction: but I, for my part, look
I forward to the future of American
business with the greatest confidence.
American business has altered its
point of view, and in proportion as it
has altered its point of view it has
gained in power and in momentum. I
have sometimes heard exhortations to
the effect that politics ought not to be
injected into business. It is just as
important that you should not inject
business into politics, because so far I
as the business of this country is con- I
cerned there ought not be any politics.
Touches on Mexico.
I, gentlemen, am a democrat, as you
probably have heard, and I am a mill
tant democrat, but it is because I be- j
lieve that the principles of democracy
will be of more service to the country
than any other kind of principles. Not
because I believe democrats are better,
than republicans! it is because I think.
republicans are mistaken and demo
crats right, and I hope and believe
I hold that conviction in no liar- j
row partisan spirit. I find that I am
one of the few men of my acquaintance 1
who absolutely believe every word for j
example, of the Virginia Bill of Rights.
Most men use them for Fourth of July
purposes, and use them very hand
somely. but 1 stand before you and tell
you that 1 believe them. For example,:
the Virginia Bill of
because it was one of the first bills of
rights; the others were largely mod-1
eled upon it, or run along the samel
lines?the Virginia Bill of Bights says
that when a government proves un
suitable to the life of the people under
it (I am not quoting the language, but
the meaning), they have a right to alter
or abolish it in any way that they
please. When things were, perhaps,
more debatable than they are now
about our immediate neighbor to the
south of us, I do not know how many
men came to me and suggested that
the government of Mexico should be
altered as we thought that it ought to
he altered but, being a subscribed to
the doctrine of the Virginia Bill of
Rights I could not agree with them.
The Mexicans may not know what to
do with their government, but that is
none of our business, and so long as I
have the power to prevent it nobody
shall "butt in to alter it for them.
Champion of Common Man.
That is what I mean by being a dem
ocrat built on the original plan of the
bill of rights.
Now those bills of rights say some
things that are very pertinent to busi
ness. They assert the absolute equal
ity of right on the part of individuals
to access to opportunity. That is the
reason X am opposed to monopoly, not
because monopoly does not produce
some excellent results of a kind, but
because it is intended to shut out a lot
of people who ought not to be shut out;
and I believe that democracy Is the
only thing that vitalizes a whole people
Instead of vitalizing only some of the
people of the country.
I am not flt to be the trustee of
prosperity for this country; neither are
you: neither is any group of men fit to
be the trustees for the economical
guidance of this country.
the common man. I believe the gen
of America to be that the common man
I should be consulted as to how he- i
i governed and should be Riven the
I same opportunity with every other man
! under his government. 1 believe thai
that spirit is the spirit of the average
business man in America, i am sure
: that it is the spirit of the average busi
I ness man in America, because, althougn
I it is a current theory that the I resi
I dent of the United States is a ver>
much secluded person, a good man>
people talk to him, 1 assure you. ana
he takes particular pains to kiiow ^ nai
the people are talking about who 00
not talk directly to him. Nobody who
has been bred in the atmosphere or
American societ'es from one end of tnis
continent to the other can mistake the
spirit of the average man. and I am tor
the average man. The country con
sists of him. He is the backbone ot
the country. The man who is above
the average uses him, and ought to re
spect his tool, ought to respect his in
strument. ought to respect the veins
through which the very life blood 01
the country flows.
Future of Business Bright.
Now with regard to the future of
business in this country, no man can
speak with confidence, because it hap
pens that the distressing events of the
months since the great European war
began have put America in a peculiar
relation to the rest of the world. It
looks as if we would have to be tne
reserve force of the world in respec?.
to financial and economic power 11
looks as if* in the days of reconstruc
tion and recuperation which are aneac
of Europe we would have to do man>
of the thine*, many of the imjRt.impni
tant things, which h'therto h,i\e
done through European lnstrumentali
ties. No man can say Just how these
! matters are going to shape 'J1/1 norJ
I but every man can see that the opi
Itunitv of America is going
y/i paralleled and 'h:,t
of America must he put at the
of the worlil as thev never were put at
its service before. Therefore, it is lm
perative that no impediments should
be put in the way of commerce wit
the rest or the world. You cannot sell
unless von buv. Commerce is only an
exatted kind of barter. The bartering
may not he direct, but directly or tn?
rectiv it is an exchange of commodities
and the payment of the balances and.
therefore there must be no impedienta
to the free flow of the currents of com
merce back and forth between .he
limited States, upon which the
I will in part depend, and the
credit For 'the nrnt time" we are not
bound up in an i"el?st,c currency Our
merce in every part of the worm.
Urges Self-Dependence.
1 want you to share with me this vision
of the future of American business-"'' a
cosmopolitan spirit, of a spirit of^nter
prise out of which the old timidity has
gone. For you will have to admit, gen -
men. that American business men ha.ve
been timid. They have constantly njni to
Washington and said . H looks ? yQu dQ
not 'need W^hinSon. There is genius
. fiiju country to master the
There was nobody in Ameri?i. ?ho was
a'Wl?n?I 'move
2fan^sdBtheWhr^din?S wifh
cans adapt themselves to new circum
stances -that is the spirit of ?onquest^ I
originally, for example, ponged to a
stock which has never failed to feel at
home anywhere as soon as it got there
T mean the Scotch-Irish. The
have taken leave to belong the minute
thev landed, and presently a good deal
else has belonged to them bw'to 1hem
selves and 1 like to picture that as also
typica'l of America. Whom would you
pick out among the early Americans as
the tvpical American? ^ou know that for
more than 100 years after the settlement
of this country?for nearly 100 years after
th" establishment of the Union?there was
alwavs a frontier on this continent, and
the typical American was the man who
did not need any assistance from any
where or anybody, but who went out into
a new country, made his own home for
himself, established his own government;
arranging everything to suit himself ami
then occasionally went back to hiei o Id
home rich and powerful and contented.
That was the typical American.
No Patched-Up Peace.
There was a certain community some
where in what used to be the frontier
back in Jackson's day who sent a piti
ful plea to Washington that Congress
would hurry and give them a terri
torial form of government, because
they did not have any government:
they happened to be beyond the bounds
of the government theretofore set up.
Jackson sent them a very proper re
proof. He said that they were the first
Americans he had heard of who didn t
know how- to set up a gov?r"^"t f?r
themselves and take care of themselves.
The characteristic Amerlca" commun
itv for a long time was the frontier
community, made on the spot and made
according to the local pattern. So
that when I hear Americans beginning
to be assisted by authority, I
where they were born. I w?ndeJlf.ho^
long they have breathed the air or
America. I wonder where their papers
of spiritual naturalization are.
For America now may make peace
ful conquest of the world, and I say
that with all the greater confidence,
gentlemen, because I believe, and hope
that the belief does not spring merely
from the hope, that when the present
great conflict in Europe is over the
world is going to wear a different
aspect. I do not believe that there is
going to be any patched-up peace. 1
believe that thoughtful men of every
country and of- every sort will insist
that, when we get peace again, we
shall have guarantees that it will re
main, and that the instrumentalities of
(justice will be exalted above the instru
mentalities of force. I believe that the
spirit which has hitherto reigned in
the hearts of Americans and In like
people everywhere in the world, will
assert itself once for all in Interna
tional affairs, and that if America pre
serves her poise, preserves her self
possession, preserves her attitude of
friendliness toward all the world, he
may have the privilege, whether in one
form or another, of being the mediating
influence by which these things may be
Spiritual Mediation.
I am not now speaking of govern
mental mediation. I haven t that in
mind at all. I mean the spiritual medi
ation. 1 mean the recognition of the
world that here is a country that has
always wanted things done that way,
and whose merchants w-hen they carry
their goods will carry their ideas along
with them, and that this spirit of give
Tnd take, this spirit of success only
hv having better goods and better
brains and better training will through |
the r influence spread the more rapidly
to the ends of the world. That is what
1 mean by the mediating influence
which 1 think American commerce will
* ?orti challenge you and men like you
throughout the United States to apply
your minds to your business as if you
were building up for the world a great
Constitution of the United States as
If you were going out on the spirit
<?f service and achievement?the kind
of achievement that corner only through
service, the kind of achievement which
is statesmanship, the statesmanship
of those arrangements which are most
serviceable to the world. As you do
this, the American spirit, whether it be
labeled so or not. will have its con
quest far and wide, and when we come
back from our long voyage of trade
we will not feel that we have left
strangers behind us, but that we have
left friends behind us and have come
home to sit by the fireside and speak
of the common kinship of all man
Three Recommended for Dismissal
for Violation of Regulations
While on Probation.
President Wilson will take action
soon on the cases of three midshipmen
at the Naval Academy, who are recom
mended for dismissal from the service
for violation of regulations while on
probation as a result of their connec
tion with the recent hazing or cribbing
investigations at the institution. Sec
retary Daniels called the President's
: attention to the cases yesterday, and
I today said they would be immediately
disposed of or. Mr. Wilson's return.
The three midshipmen were all in
volved in the recent investigation, but
the courts of inquiry found that fifty
of the men' implicated, including this
trio, while guilty of minor offenses, had
done nothing to warrant dismissal.
They were all placed on probation, with
the warning that any future infraction
of regulations would result in dis
One of the trio sought and obtained
? permission to attend a church in An
napolis With a squad of hi3 fellows in
charge of an officer. He slipped away
at the church door, spending the period
of the church service in town, and re
turning to the academy just before the
church squad reached the reservation.
The offenses of the other two were not
disclosed, and the names of all three
will be withheld unless they should be
Robert B. Marshall Is Given Position
of General Superintendent.
Robert B. Marshall, chief geographer
of the geological survey, has been
transferred to the position of general
superintendent of national parks. He
succeeds Mark Daniels, who has re
signed to look after his private busi
"Mr. Marshall," said a statement is
sued by Secretary Lane, announcing
the changes, "brings to the manage
ment of our national parks, at the
most critical point in their develop
ment, experience and ability of high
order. These great properties have
been the object of his personal en
thusiasm and intimate study for many
years. As a geological survey topog
rapher he began the survey of the
Yosemite as long ago as 1893, and
since he became chief geographer in
1908, he has made exhaustive studies
of all the national parks."
Season at Fort Myer Opens With
Large Attendance.
A large number of spectators were
in attendance at the first army exhibi
tion drill of the winter season at Fort
Myer, Va., yesterday afternoon. The
drill was held in the riding hall, "and
the officers and men with their mounts
went through the various drill evolu
tions without a hitch. The troops were
reviewed by Col. Wilder, commandant
of the post.
The program began with a bareback
drill by Troop K. commanded by Lieut.
King, followed by a musical drill by
Troop L, commanded by Capt. R. M.
Barton. The cossack drill by Troop M,
commanded by Capt. W. D. Forsythe,
elicited much applause. The program
closed with a light battery drill by
Mattery F, Field Artillery.
Mrs. Menoher was hostess at a tea
dansant in the dance hall of the ad
ministration building after the drill.
Represent Washington.
Mr. and Mrs. John C. Wineman, at
tended a ladies* night entertainment
given under the auspices of the Balti
more Merchant Tailors' Exchange in
the Emerson Hotel in Baltimore Thurs
day night as representatives of the
Washington merchant tailors' organiz
Lieut. Col. Charles S. Bromwell Be
lieved to Have Suffered Nerv
ous Breakdown.
! HONOLULU, T. H.. December 11 ?
Lieut. Col. Charles S. Bromwell, head of
the Army Engineer Corps here, shot
and fatally wounded himself yesterday.
He died two hours after the shooting:.
Mrs. Bromwell and her daughter are in
the United States, where the latter is
attending school. The colonel was
alone in his residence when the shoot
ing occurred.
Col. Bromwell left his office at noon,
and is said to have been in apparent
good spirits. It is believed by his
friends here that he was driven to his
death as the result of a nervous break
down, caused by overwork.
The shooting occurred in a bedroom.
He was removed to the department hos
pital, but all efforts to save his life
proved futile.
A board of investigation was con
vened shortly after his death was an
nounced. The findings of the board
were not made public.
Daughter in School Near This City.
BLOOMINGTON, 111., December 11.?
Mrs. Charles S. Bromwell left Bloom
ington a few days ago for San Fran
cisco, from which port she was to sail
for Honolulu to join her husband. She
had been visiting here with her mother,
Mrs. M. T. Scott. Mrs. Scott said last
night that Scott Bromwell, Lieut Col.
Bromwell'8 son, is attending Harvard,
and the daughter Mildred is attending
a girl's school near Washington. D. C.
Mrs. Scott is a former president of
the Daughters of the American Revo
Col. Bromwell's Career.
Lieut. Col. Charles Summers Brom
well had seen extensive service in the
United States Engineering Corps since
his graduation from West Point in
1890. For several years he was military
aid to President Roosevelt, with the
temporary rank of colonel.
He was in charge of the engineering
work on public works of various kinds
in different parts of the country and
held the position for a time as super
intendent of public buildings and
grounds in Washington. He was in
charge of th? Milwaukee engineering
district for t'irec years from 1909 and
after that of the Cleveland engineering
He was forty-six years old and wan
born at N'ewyiort, Ky.
Lieut. Col. Bromwetl was very well
known in this city, having served a-*
superintendent of public buildings and
Lieut. Col. Bromwell married Misn
Letitir* G. Scott of Washington in 1?0f
During the recent tri|? of the congres
sional party to Hawaii Col. and Mrs
Brotnwell entertained the congressional
visitors ext?:ns?veiy and he accom
panied them on their junket through
out the islands. About two months ago
Mrs. Bromweil returned to the I'niteo
States to place their daughter in a
girls' school in Virginia.
Col. Bromweil was h member of th*
Metropolitan Army and Navy Mid
Chevy Chase clubs of Washington < >'
the Cnion Club of Cleveland.
: Britain's Act Adds to America s Dye
The State department has received
notice that the Hritish government has
imposed an e.mbargo o;i tc.e exportation
of logwood from Jamaica, and has
cabled inquiries to determine whether
the embargo Is in effect in British Hon
duras. Logwood is used largely in
dyeing and tanning, ami cutting ofT
its supply lias added to the dyestufT
problem which has arisen over tht*
shutting oft of the dyesluffs from Ger
Representative Hill of Connecticut,
who lia? introduced a bill with a view
to building up and protecting the dye
stuff industry in the I'nited States, has
laid the situation before Chairman
Kitchin of the House ways and means
committee, of which Mr. Hill will be a
minority member, and suggested that
it is a non-partisan proposition on
which both democrats and republicans
should unite.
David Hall, colored, pleaded guilty to
' a. charge of assault with a dangerous
! weapon yesterday in the Police Court
| and was held for the action of the
grand jury in $1,000 bonds. Hall is al
J leged to have shot George Burke with
a pistol.
for clear skin
and good hair
Try Rrsmol Soap for a week.
You will be surprised to see how it
clears and freshens your complex
ion, even in that short time. Used
for the shampoo, it removes dan
druff, and keeps the hair live, rich
and lustrous. The soothing, healing
influence that makes tliis possible
is the Resinol which Resinol Soap
contains and which physicians have
prescribed for over twenty years in
the care of skin and scalp troubles.
Sold by all druggets. For sample fret, writ^
to Dept. 6-P, Resinol, Baltimore, Md.
stuff Problem.
Pleads Guilty of Assault.
Personal Service
is offered you by milliners, dress
makers, furriers, merchants, trades
men, craftsmen and mechanics in the
classified Business Announcements
column on the Want Ad pages.
Chevy Chase
"The Best Suburb of the National Capital."
15% Discount
From Marked Prices Will Be Made to Early;
To have your house ready for occupancy next sum
mer you should pick out your lot and have your plans
prepared now. As an additional inducement to you
to do this the Land Company offers the discount stated
Thomas J. Fisher & Co., Inc.
738 15th Street N.W.

xml | txt