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THE EVENING STAR,
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, SATTTRDAY December 11, 1915 THEODORE "W. NOTES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Business Office: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Avenue. New York Office: Tribune Building. Chicago Office: First National Bank Building. European Office: 3 Regent St., London, England. The Evening Star, with the Sunday morning edition, is delivered by carriers within the city at 45 cents per month; daily only 25 cents per month. Sunday only 20 cents per month. Orders may be ?ent by mail, or telephone Main 2440. Collection is made by carrier at the end of each month. Payable in advance?bv mail, postage prepaid: Sun-lay included, one month. 00 rent*. Daily, Sunday excepted. one month. 40 cents. Saturday Star. $1 year; Sunday Star. $2.40 year. The President at Columbus. The President's address before the Columbus Chamber of Commerce is full of generalities, and they glitter. A master phrasemaker, he knows how to gain and hold the attention of an audience. Equally with tongue or pen, he charms. But charm is not business, as busi ness men know, and hence the Presi dent's views about business will un dergo examination divested of their charm. This is the morning after; and business men. and others, in Co lumbus and elsewhere, will weigh the President's words with care. Pointing out the changes being wrought by the war, and the oppor tunities for us that will grow out of them, the President says: "No man can say just how these matters are going to shape them selves. but every man can see that the opportunity of America is going to be unparalleled and that the re sources of America must be put at the service of the world as they never -were put at it? service before. Therefore, it is imperative that no im pediments should be put in the way of commerce with the rest of the world. You cannot sell unless you buy. Commerce is only an exalted kind of barter. The bartering may not be direct, but directly or indi rectly it is an exchange of commodi ties and the payment of the balances; and, therefore, there must be no im pediments to the free flow of the cur rents of commerce back and forth be tween the United States, upon which the world will in part depend, and the other countries which she must supply and serve." Then why the talk, indorsed in cabinet circles, about "anti-dumping" legislation? Soon after the war : closes manufacturing Europe will be full of goods, prepared at low wages of labor, which she will want to dis pose of in America. They will be of fered at low prices, and, therefore, be tempting. Why put "impediments to the free flow of the currents of such commerce"? American wage-earn ers will answer; and it is properly out of consideration for their wel fare that impediments are recom mended. One might suppose from the Presi dent's treatment of the subject that all necessary for the upbuilding of an American merchant marine is for American business men to go out and retake a carrying power they unwise ly abandoned. History gives the Story of the loss of that power in 1812 and in 1861-5. But the more im portant point is that the nations j greatest in sea-carrying strength ' when the present war began, and which will be great again after war j closes, have found it necessary to as- i sist private capital in that line of '? endeavor. As they are to be our ; rivals, can we hope to secure our j share of that business without copy- ! ing their means? The President is frank at all times ' about confessing new opinions. Re- i minded at Columbus in private con versation that he had some years ago confessed to discussing the currency question without any knowledge of 1 the subject, he explained that now he had the knowledge. He changes readily, and sometimes swiftly, and ' owns up. He changed from Cleve- j landiyn to Bryanifm. He changed : from free passage for American ships to tolls 01. them at Panama. He has changed from free sugar to a duty on that product. He has changed from anti-preparedness to prepared ness. Should there be any surprise if before he quits the White House ; he comes around measurably to a protective tariff, and to ship subsidy? Progrese is the word. A system of compulsory military service has its disadvantage, but it saves a great deal of argument when a critical situation is threatened. France will put Germany's an nouncements of invincibility in the same file w:th the notices of inten tions to dine in Paris. A Poor Peace Prospect. Recent speeches by high authori ties in the European capitals indi cate that there is little chance of early peace. In Paris, in London and most lately in Berlin expressions have been uttered in high places which denote a determination on the part of the main belligerent powers to continue the war until one side has sued for peace. None of the warring nations is ready to admit defeat. Though the campaign at present favors the Germans and their allies, their opponents believe, or affect to believe, that they have in reserve a force which in time will turn the tide in their favor and that the Teutonic advances are sapping the strength of the armies of the central powers. Meanwhile the Germans and Aus trians are holding their own in France and Russia and on the Italian frontier and are making progress toward the Mediterranean, recently having pushed the allied forces southward from Serbia until they are DOW crowded virtually out of the legitimate war zone of the Balkans. In Mesopotamia a British expedition has come to grief through the mass ing against it of a superior Turkish force. It cannot be questioned that the close of the year approaches with the campaign standing at a stage of Teutonic advantage. As for peace terms, each side pro fesses to be willing to receive pro posals from the other, but neither shows a disposition to make such tenders. It is evident that each fears j to be considered as anxious for peace. ! Whatever the pressure of internal] conditions, making for early peace, it is at least' officially concealed. As far as the governments are con cerned the armies will remain in the field indefinitely. The war is one of exhaustion. Eng j land asserts that she has not yet put forth her full force, and it has been asserted that her present plan is to increase her army to a full fighting strength of 3.000,000 men. Russia, it is declared, will by spring have 4.000,000 additional men in arms, with equipment and ammunition sufficient ! to enable them to take the field in a heavy drive against Germany. Ger many, Austria and France are appar | ently at the point of dependence upon ! their younger levies, calling succes I sively to the colors the classes of j each year. There is no reserve for ; them save as the youth of the coun j tries reach the fighting age. The sit , uation in Italy is undisclosed, but it is not believed that the full strength of | nation has yet been approached in the recruiting. Turkey is an un known element as to military strength. The Balkan states allied with England and France ate today exhausted. Bulgaria is an important factor for the Teutonic cause there and. unless offset by Rumania's es pousal of the allied cause, will serve Germany and Austria effectively. The War College Warning. , Perhaps most succinctly of all the "preparedness" documents, the spe 1 cial report of the Army War Col lege division of the general staff pre sents the possibility of American dis aster through aggressive foreign mili tary activity. It is not necessary, in considering this report, which forms the basis of the administration's de fense plea to Congress, to accept at full measure the possibility of in vasion described. That is to say, it would be unwise to regard the state ments made by the War College di vision as a positive forecast of what is likely to happen. Yet the possibil- ' ity presented is essentially part of the calculation. If the United States is to be prepared against a foreign foe of future development it must be fully and adequately prepared, and to 1 measure the extent of that prepared- j ness it is necessary to contemplate what a vigorous and resourceful and | fully armed foe might accomplish, j The picture that the War College ' division draws is undeniably alarm- ! ing. It showj the shores of the United States overrun with foreign soldiers with the American army in I the process of organization. It shows ' a hostile army of 387,000 men and j 81,270 animals, with full equipment,' landing here fifteen days after the | defeat of the American navy, with monthly additions thereafter of 440, 000 men. At this rate of invasion the country would be conquered before more than a feeble initial resistance could be made. The lesson that the WTar College division draws from this possibility of invasion is that the regular army, whether "standing" or not, must be of a strength of 500,000 men, or more than could be set upon these shores in the first move. In short, the United States must be prepared to re sist a foreign foe at the first stage, and resist it successfully. It must not depend upon the latent power of the people. It must be organized and ready for the trouble that may not come, but that in the light of Euro pean happenings may nevertheless come at any time. There is one element in this cal culation that must not be overlooked ?the navy. All the figures of the War College division are based upon the foreign foe breaking through the sea defenses. Therein lies another problem for Congress to solve at this session, the provision of a suffi cient naval force to render this pos sibility improbable. hnglish expressions of surprise at America's refusal to fall into a tem per are indications of the tempestu ous and irresistible rage John Bull will manifest as soon as the recruit ing enthusiasm gets under way. Secretary Garrison evidently be lieves that not raising a boy to be a soldier implies no lack of possibili ties of patriotic efficiency, with ear nest work on his part under efficient instruction. The United States may as well face, incidentally, the need of prepared ness to meet an enormous demand for American products when the war is over. Some of the private capital that has been so eager to hurl itself into war stocks might be persuaded to in terest itself in a merchant marine. Peace rumors do not materialize even to the extent of getting into the scrap of paper class. The Burning of Hopewell. The Hopewell conflagration Thurs day evening was not unparalleled. There have been other sweeping fires in flimsily built towns and in some cities, due to the utter disregard in their construction of the first prin ciples of protection against thi? ele ment. Frontier cities have again and again been reduced in a few hours to ashes because of the rapidity with which they have been built, with an eye single to speed and with no thought of security. Hopewell sprang into existence with the haste of a mining town in the early days when prospectors' strikes were almost im mediately followed by the work of carpenters?bat few masons. A? a 1 "city" it was a lamentable affair. A? a community of rather loosely organ ized elements, founded upon a single great industry in the neighborhood, it was a marvel. It was much larger than the actual needs of the indus trial establishment to which it owed its existence warranted. To feed and house and provide the workmen of the powder plant with the necessities and some luxuries would have called for but a fraction of the inhabitants, perhaps, at a liberal estimate, half the population of Hopewell when the fire started. Many of the dwellers were mere leeches upon the town, at tracted by the chance of profits in the lax atmosphere of the boom creation. A few weeks ago some of this element was eliminated through the shutting down of the municipal "lid," which caused numbers of the | unprincipled ones to move away to other fields of operation. Hopewell will probably be better for the fire, although the loss is heavy. It will be in some degree purged of its least desirable elements, and the work of reconstruction will be on a better scale of thoroughness than the original work of building. If it is destined to remain a civic or ganization it will gradually evolve a municipal system, and this is the op portunity to establish one. Many an cider and larger and better city has profited by the dread visitation of fire to correct evils and to set straight crooked ways. But Hope well would cease to exist if the pow der plant were removed. It has no other reason for being. If the ex plosives manufacturing company were to pull up stakes and shift elsewhere, or to cease operations altogether, Hopewell would die just as some of the most flourishing of the western mining towns of the past century died when the veins of ore ran out and the mines filled with water. The German Attaches to Go. The von Papen-Boy-Ed incident is virtually closed with the announce ment that it has pleased the Emperor of Germany to recall those officers to Berlin in accordance with the wishes of the United States. It now appears that the menace to the present offi cially peaceful relations between the two governments over this matter wai due to a misunderstanding, Ber lin having been notified briefly and without explanation of the desire for the recall of the attaches, while the full text of the reasons for this ac tion was in process of transmission, and the request for reasons "cross ing" this explanation in transit. Now that Berlin knows why the attaches are not wanted it accedes promptly to the request for their withdrawal. Thus passes the possibility of a breach of relations which would have been quite unwarranted, and, at the present stage of the situation, most undesirable. The unwelcome attaches will depart as soon as safe conduct is arranged for them. Possibly later other officers will come to replace them. Ex-President Taft has developed a gift for pungent utterance which might have been serviceable if he had manifested it earlier. The fact that he is neutral should not prevent friend Santa Claus from having the Belgians in mind this win ter. The Oscar II is sure that nobody will care to confiscate a cargo of doves and olive branches. Mr. Bryan has expanded politi cally until a convention is too small an audience for him. Hopewell may change its name to "Try again." SHOOTING STABS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON", Preparedness. "Are you in favor of prepared ness?" "I should say I am. I shop early every December." A Hard One. "Mike," said Plodding Pete, "what would you do if you had a million dollars?" "I dunno," replied Meandering Mike. "I don't see why you should ask me any question like dat. De fellers dats got de million can't an swer it." Winter Melody. Now doth the wind so swift and sharp, Come through the casement skip ping, And use for an aeolian harp The brand-new weather-stripping. Universal Demand. "The trouble with our son," said father, "is that he wants his own way about everything." "Yes," replied mother; "and I sup pose that's what he thinks about us." Booming Prescriptions. "How's prohibition getting along in Crimson Gulch?" "Fine," answered Three Finger Sam. "Crimson Gulch has needed a doctor and a drug store for years an' we never would have had business enough for either if we hadn't fixed it so we kin shut up the saloons one* in a while." A Study in Patience. A man there was who learned to show Job's patience all unbroken. To anger he was ever slow. No thoughtless word was spoken. And did the world appreciate His goodness true and ample? Did people rush to imitate His glorious example? Nay! Nay! An easy mark was he. Since naught his ire could call up. Men passed in turn in ?**?!??? glee i And handed bi? a wallwp. I Shop Early in the Day. oobwarb & llotbto? New York=WASHINQTQN=Paris. Christmas Sayings Fund Checks Cashed. ANNOUNCING Completed Preparations in Our Special Displays of Apparel and Dress Accessories Suitable for the Opera and the Social Season, In Which All the Requirements of the Fashionable Wardrobe Are Recognized. We direct particular attention to our preparedness to supply wardrobes for the approach ing opera and social season. The matron, the young woman or the debutante will find here a most auspicious ensemble of fashions, fully capable of meeting the most exclusive wants. Women's Evening; and Day Gowns Misses' Evening Frocks, Luxurious Furs and Fur Wraps, Modish Evening Wraps of velvet and other fab rics, embroidered and fur trimmed; Evening Slippers. - Auto and Limousine Boots, Gold Lace and Silver Lace Millinery, Evening and Dress Gloves, Lingerie from France, Silk Lingerie of exquisite texture, Fine Corsets and Camisoles, Coiffure Ornaments and Opera Caps, Ostrich and Quill Feather Fans, Opera Glasses and Bags, Coiffure Ornaments and Corsage Bouquets, Silk Hosiery, Chiffon and Silk Scarfs. Spanish Lace Scarfs, Few seasons have given such pronounced distinction to Beautiful Dress for women as this, all of them embodying .exclusiveness and good taste. Our displays are thoroughly in keeping with the beauti ful modes and form a most exquisite collection. WE INVITE YOUR INSPECTION, AND SUGGEST THE APPRO PRIATENESS AND BEAUTY OF GIFTS CHOSEN FROM THIS MAGNIFICENT APPAREL. OUR DIRECT IMPORTATION OF THE Celebrated Gouda Wares HAS JUST ARRIVED FROM HOLLAND. Gouda Ware is doubtless one of the most effective wares that has recently come from abroad. In appearance it resembles very closely the well known Cloisonne, which has so many admirers. It is dull finished in dark, rich Persian effects and rather subdued col orings that lend themselves so harmoniously to the furnishing of the dining room, living rooms, den and smoking room. Decidedly tin usual and effective shapes are further enhanced by the unique and fitting decorations given each piece. For the class of artistic pottery represented, the prices are ex ceptionally moderate. As a gift we believe it will be highly approved?because of its real merit, and also because of the prices. Novelty Pitchers 25c to S1.K Candlesticks ..........75c to 9&A5 Candle Lanterns.... 91.25 to S3.2S Ash Receivers :. 60c to S1.25 Tobacco Jars fljso to *2.25 Bowl? $1.25 and 91.50 Fifth floor, O (tract. Comports 91.711 92.75 Vases 85c ?? 91.25 Fern Dishes 91.50 each Flower Baskets........ 91.75 rack Fruit Dishes............... .99.75 each Bonbon Dishes.... *1-23 each Solid Mahogany Chairs and Rockers Correctly Reproducing Rare Old Masterpieces. We suggest them as Christmas Gifts of an exclusive and distinctive character. These reproductions of famous old historical designs and masterpieces form an interesting part of our collection of Period Furniture. Some of the specimens have been reproduced in antique wood, which gives to them the aged appearance of the originals now reposing in some foreign museum or some famous castle, and the originals of the various colonial pieces may be found in our own country. While many of the examples are elaborate, a number of them are simple Snd dignified, and very low in price. Christmas shoppers should inspect this showing of Chairs and Rockers very carefully. One of these Chairs or Rockers would be a high compliment to the taste and refinement of any person. ARMCHAIRS AND ROCKERS. John Alden Armchairs. *10.00. John Alden Rockers. 910.00. Kensington Armchairs and Rockers. $30.00 each. William and Mary Armchairs and Rockers, 9^5.00 each. Jacobean Armchairs and Rockers, $20.00 each. Adam Armchairs and Rockers, upholstered seat, $30.00 each. WING CHAIRS AND ROCKERS. Adam Wins Chairs and Rockers, 920.00 each. Sheraton Wins Chairs and Kockers. ?12.00 each. William and Mary Wing Chairs and Rockers. 930.00 caeh. Louis XV wins Chairs and Rockers, 93S.OO each. Hepplewhite Wing Chairs and Rockers, 930.00 each. Jacobean Wing Chairs and Rockers, 925.00 each. Colonial Wing Chairs and Rockers. 930.00 each. Louis XVI Wing Chairs anil Rockers, 930.00 each. Charles II Wing Chairs and Rockers, 920.00 each. RUSH SEAT CHAIRS AND ROCKERS. Colonial Rush-seat Chairs, 911-00 and 912.00 each. Colonial Rush-seat Rockers. 912.00 each. Colonial Rush-seat Side Chairs. 97.50 to 913.50. Colonial Rush-seat Side Rockers. 98.50 to 915.00. English Rush-seat Armchairs, 917.50. English Rush-seat Arm Rockers, 917.50. Sixth floor. 6 itrnt. ' CHIPPENDALE DESIGN CHAIRS AND ROCKERS. Chinese Chippendale Desk and Hall Chairs, $25 each. Chinese Chippendale Desk and Hall Chairs. $20 each. Chippendale Corner Chairs, tapestry seats. $2fU>0 each. Corsham Court Chinese Chippendale Chairs, $40 each. Chippendale's Original Desigrn Side Chairs, $40 each. Chippendale's Original Design Armchairs, $50 eaek. SHERATON DESIGN CHAIRS. Comber Hall Sheraton Chairs, 920.00 each. Londesborough Lyre-back Sheraton Chairs, 999 each. Crewe House Sheraton Rockers, 935.00 each. Sheraton Desk and Hall Chairs, 919.50 each. HEPPLEWHITE DESIGN CHAIRS. Buckingham Palace Hepplewhite Chairs, $35.00 eack. Buckingham Palace Shield-back Hepplewhite Chairs, $35.00 each. Hepplewhite Desk and Hall Chairs, $17.50 each. ODD DESIGNS OF CLASSIC PIECES. Windsor Castle Spinning Wheel Chairs, $10.00 each. Corsham Court Chinese Chairs, $40.00 each. The Victrola Is a Christmas Gift Every One Will Enjoy Every Day of the Year. The wealth of music which a Victrola provides and the constant pleasure it affords every day of the year is so great that it is difficult to understand how any home can be without one of these splendid instruments. We have every type of the Victrola here?all new 1915 models?we do not take old machines in exchange for new, consequently we offer only new machines at all times. WE CHARGE NO INTEREST ON DEFERRED PAYMENTS. A BEAUTIFUL GIFT FOR MOTHER OR WIFE: Cut Glass Water Set Specially Priced at $5.00. Large Shapely Pitcher and 6 Tumblers An exclusive design which we control for Washington. BRILLIANT FLORAL AND FOLIAGE CUTTING. Fifth floor, G street. The Gift Tables of China and Cut Glass Show Exactly What Can Be Secured At a Certain Price. < V Victrola IV $15.00 In oak only. Convenient terms arranged. Victrola VI $25.00 In oak only. Convenient terms arranged. Victrola IX $50.00 In oak and mahogany. Convenient terms arranged. Victrola X $75.00 In oak, mahogany and weathered oak. Convenient terms arranged. ' vtortk floor. Kleventb (treot. Victrola XI... .$100.00 In oak, mahogany and weathered oak. Convenient terms arranged. Victrola XVI...$200.00 In oak, mahogany and weathered oak. Convenient terms arranged. Hundreds upon hundred* of suggestions are offered on these systematically ar ranged tables of gifts at a certain price, making it easy for the person to select?es pecially those who have de termined upon a price to pay, but not upon the article to give. The exceptional character of the pieces should be es pecially noticed?the shapes, the decorations, the artistic colorings. We have searched out the best of every china maker to produce these as sortments and these values. The Table of 25c Gifts. Hatpin Holders. Individual Creamers, Perfume Bottles, Hairpin Holders, Mustard Pots, Salt and Pepper Shakers, Stamp Boxes, Ring Trees, Teapots, Bread and Butter Plates, Tea Plates. Salad Bowls, Collar Button Boxes, Covered Trinket Boxes, Pin Trays, Ash Receivers, Bonbon Dishes, Coasters. Flower Holders, Sugar and Cream Sets, Service Plates, Baby Plates, Sauce Dishes, Sugar Shak ers. After-dinner Cups and Saucers, Chocolate Cups and Saucers, 5 O'Clock Teacups and Saucers, Teacups and Saucers, Individual Nut Dishes, Bonbon Baskets, Ramekins on Plates, Tea Tiles and Strainers. The Table of 35c Gifts. Rose Jars. Stamp Boxes, Pin Trays, Ramekins on Plates, Tea Tiles, Pickle Dishes, Baby Plates, Dutch Figures, Poached Egg Dishes, Hatpin Holders, Bread and Butter Plates, Incense Burners, Ring Trees, Bonbon Boxes, Bonbon Dishes, Cups and Saucers, Plates, Mustard Jars, Individual Creamers, Ash Receivers. The Table of 50c Gifts. Covered Boxes for Dresser, Tea Tiles, Candlesticks. Safety Match Box Holders, Ash Trays. Ring Trees. Sugar Shakers. After-Dinner Coffee Pots, Celery Trays, Cake Plates, Hot Cake Dishes, Vases, Cups and Saucers. Marmalade Jars, Mustard Pots, Tea Strainers, Sugar and Cream Sets, Ink Wells. Dresser Trays. Plates for Plate Rails, Bonbon Dishes, Rose Jars. Teapots, Hot water Pitchers, Butter Tubs, Ash Receivers, Tea and Toast Sets, Mayonnaise Sets. The Table of 75c Gifts. Marmalade Jars. Covered Boxes for Dresser, Ice Bowls, Candle sticks, Syrup Pitchers, Rose Jars, After-Dinner Coffee Pots, Vases, Cups and Saucers, Cold Cream Sets, Mustard Pots, Tea Strainers, Sugar and Cream Sets, Ink Wells, Teapots, Hot-water Pitchers^ But ter Tubs, Ash Receivers, Bonbon Dishes, Condiment Sets, Celery Trays, Salad Bowls, Plates fdr Plate Rails, Mayonnaise Dishes, Cheese Dishes. The Table of $1.00 Gifts. Imported Rose Jars, After-Dinner Coffee Pots, Vases, Cups and Saucers, Marmalade Jars, Mustard Pots, Tea Strainers, Tea, Sugar and Cream Sets, Mayonnaise Dishes, Cold Cream Sets, Sugar and Cream Sets, Ink Wells^ Teapots, Hot-water Pitchers, Butter Tubs, Ash Receivers, Jelly Sets, Almond Sets, Cheese Dishes, Bonbon Dishes, Condiment Sets, Tea and Toast Sets, Celery Trays, Cheese and Cracker Dishes, Salad Bowls, Cake Plates, Dresser Trays. Plates for Plate Rails, Olive Sets, Cracker Jars. The Table of $2.00 Gifts. Casseroles in nickel frames. Fern Dishes, Cracker Jars, Celery Sets, Jelly Sets, Vases, After-Dinnr Coffee Sets, Hot Cake Dishes, Salad Bowls, Cake Sets, Fruit Bowls, Steins. The Table of $2.50 Gifts. Chocolate Pots, Vases, Chocolate Sets, Relish Dishes, Plates for Plate Rails, Dresser Trays, Celery Sets, Marmalade Jars, Al mond Sets, Cake Plates, Fern Dishes, Bonbon Dishes. The Table of $3.95 Gifts. Bedside Sets, Chocolate Sets, After-Dinner Coffee Sets, Fruit Bowls, on stand; Salad Sets. Cake Sets, Tea Sets, Statuary. The Table of $5.00 Gifts. Cake Sets. Chop Plates, Smoker Sets, Ice Cream Sets, Fruit Sets, Bedside Sets, Dinner Gongs, Tobacco Jars, Dresser Sets. Cut Glass at $2.75. Comports, Water Pitchers, Water Sets, Vases, Celery Trays, Sugar and Cream Sets, Mayonnaise Sets. Cut Glass at $3.95. Bowls, Relish Dishes, Mayonnaise Sets, Water Sets, Celery Trays, Sugar and Cream Sets. Cut Glass at $5.00. Covered Butter Dishes, Fruit Bowls, Sugar and Cream Sets, Mayonnaise Dishes, Comports, Baskets, Vases, Ice Tubs. Decanters, Sandwich Plates, Night Sets, Rose Bowls, Pitchers. Fifth floor, G ?tre?t. MMUHUblMlalWl .