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; ,? =z rdiP^W' JJb ||S^K| M flvjjjlll AgM 'I HftW ||K ^J^BPBRSpil HH I>R. M\R1 In costume v SCOFF, if you like, at this preparedness movement among: our women. The fact remains that since Molly Pitcher dropped her bucket and took her fallen husband's place In the brunt of the battle of Monmouth, thus winning a sergeant's rank and. a place on the pay list for life, our maids and matrons have not been found wanting when war has threatened their homes and their loved ones. Six women won officers' commissions In the civil war. One of these was Maj. Pauline Cushman. an actress born in New Orleans in 1833. While playing in 'Louisville in 1863 she entered the secret service of the Union army, and one of her first clever ruses to allay [suspicion was to toast the Confederacy from the stage of Wood's Theater, jfor which act she was, as she had ex! peeted, expelled from the company. -Then she took the field as a spy, but IVU soon captured by Jack Morgan, the guerrilla raider. He turned her ?ver to Forrest, who let her go. I^ater ?he fell Into the hands of Bragg, and ipn being court-martialed was condemned to death, but fell ill. wfiile she (^ras being nursed for th#? firing squad !&ragg's men fled before Rosecrans' ad I Vance, and she was found on her bed l>y the Union troops. As a reward for 'two severe wounds received while on Movemer ' pr?HE battle of the Skaggerak, the II first clash between English and II German dreadnaughts, has aroused keen interest among naval men throughout the world. Wherever officers meet the idea advances itself. "If we had been there with our ships, what would we have done? How would we have played the game?" Knt h > c t i V ?> ? nil rft of the United States Navy are no exception to the rule, and they look eagerly for every scran of news that will throw light upon the movements of the squadrons that afternoon in the mi?t and try to raise the screen of I night to learn what happened when I the destroyers sent their merciless assault against the mighty ships of the opposed fleets. One otflcer, whose great technical kill is well known, piecing together the best information he has been able to get. has worked out the following story of the battle: "The high sea fleets of Germany and England have been in conflict; and except that some thirty ships of nearly i 200,000 tonnage, costing perhaps $200,000,000 and carrying 10.000 men, have gone to the bottom, nothing much has happened. 'British prestige, or English cocksureness. has had a jar. the German populace is jubilant and their naval officers know that they are helpless to break the strangle hold which the larger navy nas upon in*-in. "No one this side the Atlantic knows how it ail hapened or ended, but it is certain, whether the German loss were as small as that nation claims or as large as England hopes, the German fleet will not soon come out again to attack its 'defeated" enemy and take over the sea power which its enthusiastic admirers assert that it has won. "The Teutonic strategy which seems to have been to induce inferior portions of the British Meet to come over and place themselves where the German force could pound them was perfectly exe?-ute?i*aiid entirely successful. They took up the psychology of the thing and cklinly reckoned upon the impetuous nature of the British admiral, deliberately exposed their cruisers and banked upon his fighting spirit and English tradition to prevent hi- retiring when he found his div, n i;, the fare of the enemy fleet :g out.' They believed they could i ' e bull. "Down in the southeast < of the North sea. behind the citaue and of Helgoland, lies the opening A the Kiel canal with plenty of r protected by shore batteries a..d mines, and there the fleet formed dreadnaughts, battle cruisers, cruisers. deT eiroyers and Zeppelins. It n- safe to aay that every move had been worked out on the game board, studied, learned by heart, until every commanding officer knew what his ship was expected to do. and every officer and man knew bls^part. ^ f a it was planned that submarines were to play a part in this complicated game, for it claimed that at least one was i destroyed, but It is doubtful whether I they succeeded. "Their battle oruisers are believed to 'be slightly inferior to the English in speed and in size of guns, which are eleven or eleven and a half inch against fifteen or fifteen and a half Inch, and they are fewer in number. It. therefore, would be unwise to pit them unsupported against Admiral Beatty'e battle cruiser squadron. In fact, rather tpan do this, at the Poggerbank they had abandorred the Bluecher and run at top speed to the protection of their mines and shore batteries. The result , shewed, as alL know, that this was not j because they lacked pluck, hut because | ?heir intelligence ;old them il was I Ik \ 4 ' . can W< - I?????? ** \ Br? K|^;p::-:-p * ; j%?M *"* *w, inv , Frl^fflwwMBr*^ ^ 8Ef - Mmstok K. WALKER, rorn in army. duty Garfield grave her the rank of major. * * * A captain's commission was personally conferred by President Lincoln on Mrs Emily E. Wood ley of Philadelphia, who served as a civil war nurse, and who at the age of seventy-three died in that city May 15, 1008. A major's commission was given during the civil war by Gov. Yates of Illinois to Mrs. Belle Reynolds of Shelburne Falls, Mass., who followed her husband to war and shared with him the hardships of the Union troops. Better known than any of these was T>r. Mary E. Walker, who since the civil war has worn male attire. "Dr. Mary" is the only American woman who ever held an officer's commission in the- regular army and who has received the prized military medal of honor. At the outbreak of the civil war she was one of the few of our countrywomen to have a diploma from a medical college. She had practiced for some time at Oswego when she appeared in Washington to offer her services at the War Department, which commissioned her first as an assistant surgeon without pay, and later as an assitant surgeon of regulars with the rank and pay of first lieutenant. While she was detailed with Sherman's army an epidemic broke out in the territory overrun with Champ Furgeson's bushwhackers, which horde was a terror to both armies alike, and alkts of Squi ? r . | Jll. 7 I x- / fil&iMRwfm&$ V En^?MlH^^%i^?u ;JT* RKAR ADMIRAL SIR HORACE HOOD, ( ommandrr of the Nfcond battle cruiser nqundron. He wai lost with bin whip. correct thing to do, and th*v had cour;iKf cnouKh to follow the e .act though cold .studied plan. "Since they could not fight cruiser against cruiser, their obvious course was to induce the enemy battle cruisers to send their battle cruisers against the German cruisers and battleships. They selected a time, not a difficult thing in that section, when rain, fog and drizzle might be expected, and then arranging a sailing order of cruisers first, battleships behind and just beyond sight, most likely sending word to Sir David Heatty that they were under way, not in the old form of challenge by herald and trumpet, hut by means of a 'neutral' tramp steamer dispatched to be captured. Jt is quite positively reported that the German fleet caiyie upon British destroyers holding up a merchantman. * * "The English, for a wonder, did not try to capture the German squadron, hut ian off, telling the news by wireless that there were some German cruisers in those waters that might be surprised and caught if the British light fleet should come quickly enough. "Now the designers of the Tiger and her Histfr ships had given them long, hue lines for speed, and had built in them engines designed to develop 120.000 horsepower to drive them at 30 knots or a little better, and had told the officers that this speed was obtained by sacrificing armor, that it was unsafe to take them too close to heavy guns, but that their speed would keep them away from dangerous dreadnought*. "The officers of the Tiger and his flerece sisters, however, said that speed would also take them <;lose aboard the enemy, and that was the traditional way in the British navy to fight, as I-ord Nelson had fully proved a century ago. "The Knglish naval officer Is' a *plci kled in deep sea brine* man. Sent to sea when a boy, his training is of the old school type, at least, it was until wooden ships were abandoned. Then he became, in addition to his other qualifications, a machinist and engineer. He knows his ship, be it what it may. from submarine to ^juperdreadlit, he know* ;hv bluejacket u??dv. 3men 1 '"PHEY Have Nevei * Fallen Husbanc in the Civil War?Ar Women in the Conf thoueh Furgeson had declared that he would kill every "blue coat" captured. Dr. Mary rods alone to make her rounds of the sick countryfolk. She had many narrow escapes, and at last, while turning a bend in a road, found herself confronted by Furgeson and his band, who commanded hor to surrender. "Certainly, sir, as T am unarmed," this frail girl replied to Furgeson. "But first escort me to the bedside of a dying woman whom as a physician 1 am going to attend?" Furgeson let her pass. Later sh*> was captured and held prisoner at Castle Thunder. Richmond, for four months, after which she was exchanged for Dr. Lightfoot of Tennessee. * * * Two women held officers' commissions in the Confederate army, the more famous of these being Sue Mondey, or "I lout rinn-oro ' r>f I 'ont Rprrv'l Staff. who wore a full Confederate uniform, with a jaunty plumed *hat, from beneath which sometimes escaped a wealth of dark brown hair in luxuriant- curl. She had a beautiful figure, a dark piercing eye and a soft and musical voice. She was a hold rider and a daring leader. Her sister-officer in the Confederate service, ('apt. Sallie Tompkins, established and maintained at her own expense the Robertson Hospital, where 1.300 wounded Confederate soldiers were treated between 1861 and 1865. When the Confederate secretary of war required all military hospitals to be in charge of an officer, President Davis commissioned Miss Tompkins a captain of infantry. A score of women fought in the ranks during the civil war. One of the most picturesque was Kady Brownell. daughter of a Scotch soldier who was serving in f'affroria. Africa, at the time of her birth, in 1842. Coming to America, Kady married Robert S. Brownell. orderly sergeant. 1st Rhode Island Infantry. with which she marched off to war as color bearer. She wore a sergeant's saber and engaged in target parctice, until she became proficient as a sharpshooter, as well as in sword practice. While marching from the Potomac to Richmond her regiment, was under fire, but, undaunted by shot and shell, she stuck to her colors, around which her comrades rallied to victory. At the end : ANITA NKWCOMB NcGRE. adrons B< OFFICERS of Uni *?J n ? A: unusuai v>unui Together?Strategy ] This Country. I A : ' ' . i-~f rp s ' ?V' ^ THK Disabled In the Doggerbnnk fight, tl him, and they know and trust each other, but his opportunity for study of the cold science of naval warfare Is limited to about twelve months of shore courses in engineering, gunnery, electricity and general study. Th<e game board and kindred studies are not practiced on a large scale. "Each ship was perfect in detail; her engines were ready, her guns ready, her crew ready, and in fleet evolutions they upheld the best British traditions. Picked officers and crews were aboard the battle cruiser fleet, and no more gallant set of sailormen ever raised the royal standard. Thes* were the men whom the Germans were tolling Into their snare, reckoning upon their pluck as the factor to lead them to destruction. "Eighteen thousand yards is a long range, hut a falling shot from a thirteen-inch gun is nearly as dangerous to a battleship at that distance as it would be to a cruiser. At 7,000 yards a shot from such a gun will not pierce the armor.of a battleship, but the shot with which it Is answered will pierce the armor of a cruTSer as one from the smooth-bores of the Merrimac did the Cumberland or the Minnesota. rtomirai neHiiy on uic *? u ciod? uan of the destroyers relayed the message to the second division of his squadron, hurrying them on. and gave an invitation to Admiral Jellicoe to come to the party and bring: the whole high seas fleet with him. Then he started for the fice* ouivli at l>??v v 'wvarii'S uut,' 4 Prepare r Been found Wanting 3 at the Battle of Monmoi i Actress Who Entered 1 ederate Service Held C< r 1. MISS JEX3 Killed at battle of Get of her term she re-enlisted with her husband, and the two went with Burnside to the south of Richmond. She then donned the coast uniform and served not only as color hearer, hut as r.urse and daughter of the regiment. Upon the battlefield she gathered blankets from the dead to comfort the wounded, and many a man in her company. her husband among them, owed his life to her careful nursing. Even before the civil war Sarah Edmonds of Maguadanick, Xew Brunswick. adopted male attire and the name "Frank Thompson." the better to ply her avocation as a Bible agent through the Canadian wilds. Crossing into Michigan at the outbreak of the war. she enlisted under the same name in the "Flint Union Grays," shared the defeat at Bull Run, escaped to Alexandria and rejoined the Union forces at Yorktown. Disguised as a contraband, she crossed the enemy's lines, and after having been forced by a southern officer to wheel gravel for a breastwork, escaped back to the federals with much-needed information. In the guise of a woman peddler she jfore and ted States Navy Interesi tions?How the Mighty E mployed?Marksmansl Ml A V: -. " . $*& %^&-****>"~z?SZ. im>--'-tV-:j2J?'/- " ' "J^&.ftittiM - T| Hir^l1 .. I;~ I,ION, SIR DAVID BKATTY'S FLAGS ie ship survived the crushing drendnau; (Photo by Underwood & Underwood.) for what purpose he was not inquisitive. As he had only heard about battle cruisers, he might have supposed they were talking a roundabout cruise for another raid on the English coast. ? ?- n..??m,Kiv V? n H with him the I-don (flagship), Tiger, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Royal and possibly one or more other battle cruisers, the larger able to make thirty knots and carrying each eight 13.5-inch guns, the older ones carrying the same number of pieces, but only of twelve-inch caliber. Besides these were a number of the Warrior class of 14,600 tons, and a relatively large number of destroyers. As far as can be learned or surmised, he had neither submarines nor Zeppelins, and either he did not have aeroplanes or if he did they were of no value either in scouting or fighting. "This was the first British division on that ririKzliner. overcast afternoon to come into contact with the German battle cruiser advance division, presumably consisting: of the Seydlitz. Viktoria Louise. Lutzgow, Moltke and Von der Tann and possibly some others, all nearly equal in size and speed to Realty's fleet, but armed with lighter guns, eleven and twelve inch, in the main battery. They were perfectly informed by their Zeppelins of the approach of the cruisers and of what lay behind them. "Although the superiority was with the Teutons, they promptly withdrew, adroitly steering a carefully rehearsed course which led the Knglish, who pursue^ |?c I i in el i, on u line tet..'Cv>n 3d Wh Since Molly Pitcher Tc nth?Six Women Won C the Secret Service?Worl ommissions and Were C VLzWHt .-.< ' v ' flE WADE, tyNburg, Pa.. July, 1SW. did further spy service of value, but not until twenty years after parting with her old commander did she surprise him with the unsuspected intelligence that his gallant "Frank Thompson" was a woman. Two years after the war she married L. H. Seelye of La Porte, Tex. * * * In the spring of '62 Annie Lillybridge. a sixteen-year-old girl, was employed In a store in Detroit, where she fell in love with a lieutenant of the 21st Michigan Infantry. Resolving to share his danger, she purchased male attire, enlisted in another company of his regiment arid managed to keep her secret from even the object of her affections. She shared with him the dangers and trials of the Kentucky campaign. endured long marches and slept on the ground w ithout a murmur. She became a favorite in the regiment and Col. Stephens frequently detailed her as regimental clerk. When on picket duty she received a severe wound in During f* ted in the Battle, Whicl Warships of the English hip of Both Sides Was : . \ r; V, . , A ? HIP. ?ht Are of the battle of Skaggerak. and the battleship fleet, of course, out of sight. Fire was opened as soon as the squadrons could distinguish each other, the Germans allowing their enemy to engage. "Meantime three more battle cruisers under Admiral Sir Horace Hood, well known in Washington and a descendant of the famous admiral of that name, were coming at top speed with the second cruiser division and appear to have joined the advanced fleet not long after action was begun, thus giving to his side preponderance. "But at the moment planned the German battle fleet, perfectly informed by radio of events, made its appearance in the mist and the English battle cruisers found themselves opposed to a vastly superior dreadnaught force, making a withdrawal to their supports necessary. This was made the more urgent by the large fleet of destroyers which appeared suddenly In their course. "The turn?about sixteen points?was executed by a head-of-the-column movement?that is, the leading vessel turned and each succeeding vessel followed in her course. At that time the battle fleet, at about 7.000 yards, opened with salvos which at that distance were almost as effective as anything which the heavier British guns could return, and, picking each cruiser as it turned, sank the Invincible and the Indefatigable with almost every soul aboard, including the gallant Hood, the Queen Mary having gone down before. "But r :d, given to cruisers to keep en Wai ?ok the Place of Her )fficers' Commissions k of Dr. Mary Walker, jood Fighters. j the arm and was sent to the hospital at Louisville, where her secret was discovered. A Union captain arriving: at Louisville in the spring of 1863 was accompanied by a young soldier, "Frank Martin." apparently about the age of seventeen. He immediately attracted the attention of the colonel, who detailed him for duty at the barracks. A few days later the startling fact that the supposed young man was a woman became established by a soldier reared in her town. Born in Bristol, Tenn., ana educated ax The convent in v\ nceiing, W. Va.. this young: Amazon had acquired an excellent education and many accomplishments. After leaving the convent she enlisted in the 2d East Tennessee Cavalry and accompanied the Army of the Cumberland to Nashville. In the heat of battle of Murfreesboro she was severely wounded in the shoulder. but fought, gallantly and waded Stone river into Murfreesboro on the memorable Sunday on which the Union forces were driven hack. "Charles Martin." when scarcely more than thirteen, went to the front as drummer boy of a Pennsylvania regiment. and was a universal favorite with the officers and men. Not until after many months, when he was stricken with fever and sent to a hospital in Philadelphia, did it become known to any one in the regiment that the fair drummer boy was. in truth, a girl. In these stirring times there was a Brooklyn lass. who. like Joan of Arc. believed she had been called by Providence to go to the front and deliver her country from peril. Her parents sent her to Michigan that change of climate and scene might cure her of her obsession, but she succeeded in making her escape Going to Detroit, she enlisted with a Michigan regiment as a drummer boy and with the Army of the Cumberland endured all the hardships of march, camp and battle. Her sex did not become known until the battle of Lookout Mountain, when she received a fatal wound. * * * Near Chattanooga Col. Burke of the 10th Ohio Regiment exchanged a number of prisoners with the Confederates. Among the Union troops received was a particularly handsome young soldier, "Frank Henderson." It developed later that this warrior was a girl, and that she and her brother had enlisted together in the 11th Illinois. The pair were orphans, and the sister could not endure the thought of being separated from the brother, who had been her only companion from babyhood. At the expiration of her enlistment she next entered the 3d Illinois, where her sex was not discovered, and in which regiment she made a most excellent record, being wounded in one engagement. She was again discharged and sent home, only to re-enlist in the 19th Illinois, serving in all the battles of O'Mara's regiment and finally being taken prisoner at Holly Springs. She was then taken to Atlanta, where, in attempting to escape, she was shot in the leg, and even during her convalescence in the prison hospital her sex was not suspected. After recovering she was sent to Graysville, where she was exchanged and returned to her Illinois home. In the annals of war there cannot be found a more romantic story than that of Mary Owens of Danville, Pa. Resolving to accompany her husband to the war and share with him its hardships and victories, she went to the recruiting office. passed the examination and gave the name "John Evans." Side by side the devoted pair fought until a ball from the enemy killed the husband. After he had been buried the soldier wife again took up her musket and marched with her comrades until the next battle, when. In her turn, she was felled by a bullet. When she was discharged this indorsement was written upon her papers: "A more faithful soldier never shouldered a lorth Sea ! h Was Fought Under and Germans Came ; Good?Lessons for them away from contact with dreadnaughts. was now proving its value, and the mists which had prevented the British from seeing the dangers ahead now befriended them as they disappeared from sight. "All this time the British main fleet of more than sixty great battleships was on its way to the party as fast as steam could drive it. The first to arrive were six of the Warspite class, which, with the battle cruisers, again took up the battle against the German fleet as it came into sight, and the battle became general. "The Warspite. which had her steering gear put out. was struck twice by shell and was torpedoed from a destroyer, a submarine or a battleship. The Marlborough was struck. The Warrior, Black l'rince and the Defense were sunk and destroyers were put out or tne ngnt. "But the great-mouthed, long guns of the English were not idle. This open w^?' w ?<? <??< ViClii Ak>MiKAti skK DA^TD BEATTY, Commanding the English battle erulser squadron. (Copyright by International News Service.) fighting was. as in the days of old, to their liking, and now the best of English naval traditions were being upheld. Hit after hit was counted, and now the German battle fleet was being mauled. The Rostock went down, the Pommern was fought to a standstill and eventually sunk. British destroyers in the approaching darkness began to dash in. "A little later the advanced ships of the main fleet of Great Britain began to make their delayed appearance, a cloud of destroyers steaming ahead of them. '"Hie German fleet had fought gallantly and with skill, and now in good order, in spite of the overwhelming force against it. withdrew under cover of night, having done all that it had attempted. As the ships steamed away they threw behind them floating mines and sent out their destroyers for night attacks, which appear to have brought no return. But they were not to be unscathed from torpedoes sent from British destroyers. "The loss of the British is ^uite well V r THrea i$i^||HspBMBH^ KADV BROV In nrmy coi musket " A few weeks after she had re- th turned home there came to comfort her rh a handsome ha by boy. re Under the name "Frank Miller." Fran- mi ees Hook, a Chicago girl of fourteen. Stenlisted with her brother in the Both in Illinois. They served three months, and ki when mustered out enlisted in the 19th gr Illinois. After the brother was killed jo at Pittsburg- landing- the devoted sis- H( ter remained in the regiment and did her duty until taken prisoner at the battle near Chattanooga. While at- < tempting to escape she was shot f. through the leg. the wound disabling her for further service. ot * T1 * * fo There Is a record also of Fannie Wil- pi son, who enlisted in the 24th New Jer- e\ sey that she might serve therein with *ri her sweetheart. He failed to recognize her, although she saw him every day. sh The regiment fought through the first w campaign in western Virginia, the girl 1 soldier carrying herself valiantly, but fie when ttfe command was before Vicks- m burg her lover was wounded, and. with- ? out revealing her sex, Miss Wilson In nursed hire. She did not make herself PO known to him until just before he died. w Falling ill as soon as he had been st buried, she was sent, with a number of sick and wounded, to Cairo. 111., where her sex was revealed. Upon her recovery she was dismissed'from the service. Now being thrown upon her own w resources in Cairo, she served as a bal- Ki let girl, but soon went to Memphis and gj. enlisted again, this time in a cavalry regiment, the 3d Illinois, with which <h she fought until arrested as a woman th spy in man'B clothing. Upon establish- iij ing her innocence she was provided w with woman's clothes and sent back Oi north. No amazon of the civil war was more ve plucky than Bridget Divers, who, with er Naval Eng _ fet 1 e v ??????fe, i mc Th tic bk sei MW b. -ikmt pr "'W.' > rip c e j Ptr % II MiMiMr v l',f A^&r \k A w tor H^^^H^nKn^^9ttMv ca 1 WHB^g^fcB^^^Mjl pe? L ? ? no . -J th( sul ADMIRAL SIR JOHN JELLirOE, j^. In Kuprrme commnnd of the British tlx North aea naval force*. HI* arrival he; cle with the drendnniiglit fleet retrieved the daj for England. wo (Photo by TTiiderwood & T"n?lerwood.) sue known and probably does not exceed ha; the admissions of the admiralty?three po1 batt.e cruisers, three second-class \u cruisers and eight destroyers sunk; to with others, the Warspite and Marlborough crippled. th< "The Germans admit the loss of one ah battleship, the Pommern, (said by them si<l to be an old second-class ship, claimed Th by the English to be the Pommern po ersatz, a new first-class ship, bearing Th the same name), four smaller cruisers wi and five torpedo boats. The English to claim that another battle cruiser and a cai battleship were torpedoed and sunk, wi Most likely they were torpedoed, but lo.> being near their base reached harbor in frr safety. Doubtless, several German ships, an if not sunk, were so badly injured that da they will be under repairs for several sul months. * to * * eel "The loss of life on the English ships >vh be cannot be less than 5,000 of her best officers and men; that of the Teutons pla probably 3,000, and many more if the two capital ships, the Seydlitz and the wj. great dreadnaught Hinderiburg. claim- th<J ed by the English to have been tor- 0(j pedoed. went down. ov< "While nothing can exceed the su- <ijf] perb way in which the ships. <>f the fjjs British were handled, the quality of ma their, gunnery and the gallantry with which they battled against odds, it ,-8 nluin fliot Hprm 51 n was r from the military point of view, di- oiti rected more skilfully, and, strange to pe say, took the measure of the personal ror equation, for they so maneuvered with Rn an inferior force that they induced the ma English to battle against the odds. an< "Admiral Jellicoe, in a general order by to the fleet, says that officers and men it 1 lived up to the best traditions of the ma navy. Had they done less than that the and quit when the cruisers found themselves against the whole German fleet, eve they would have suffered a severe de- hot feat; hut as it was they in part or req wholly equalized the losses, saved pres- nee Lige and have, doubtless, convinced the tfv< Serman leaders of what they must shii hav? known, that they cannot over- bal. come the English high seas fleet of tioi dread naughts. loss "The sea power has not been trans- nei ? * itened ?J l\ELL, itume. e 1st Michigan. served variously as aplain. vivandiere. daughter of the giment, nurse, hosnital steward, ward aster, and sometimes as surgeon, taring all the dangers of the brigade the field, she had several horses lied under her. She slept on the otind like a soldier, and after the war ined a detachment that crossed the >ckies for the Indian service. * * * r>ne of the few women pensioned by e government for civil war service her than nursing was Mrs. Sarah E. inmpson, a Tennessean, who led a rce of Union cavalry to the hiding ace of Gen. John T. Morgan upon the e of his death in battle. It was the ony of fate that after performing ich perilous service unscathed Mrs. lompson, a generation after the war. iould be killed by a street car in ashington. She was employed as a erk in the Treasury. Many who have visited the battle ld of Gettysburg have viewed the onument erected to that battle's one oman victim, Jennie Wade, who was lied there July 3, not while fighting, it while baking bread for the Union Id ifTK Even in the little brush with Spain ft find a Yankee girl winning her raps. This was Anita Newcomb Mrie. a young: Washington physician. lUghter of the great astronomer, mon Newcomb, and wife of the ithropologist. W J McGee After ar had been declared President Moinley commissioned her^as acting aslant surgeon, with the rank of first >utenant. and she was placed in arge of the Army Nurse Corps. In e Russo-Japanese war she held sim\r rank in the army of the mikado ho conferred upon her the Imperial "der of the Sacred Crown. Preparedness was a watchword as ?t uncoined in the day of these womi. But they were ready. agement -red. and a similar battle fought ery day in the week would not trans it. Nothing but a loss of men and >nev has been the immediate result. e moral effect upon the German na>n has been good, but the grip of the >ckading fleet is tighter than before. The Germans accomplished what fty did by following the eternal prin>le of successful strategy?so prenting their forces as to have the eater power at the point of contact, e English retrieved the day by resing to be beaten and fighting until ft arrival of their main fleet shifted ft power, when the Germans, in med by their air scouts of the apoaeh of superior numbers, did the fht. military thing and refused to acid battle with a superior force. 'Every possible instrument of demotion known to mankind was em>yed. The backbone of the fighting e was. as all sailormen knew, the ftadnaughts. They went whither they iti M ?. i /I t h ai*A H'nn nnt h in nr l.nt h Ac _ '"I'l, ui.'l IJI* I C V> t\ UU<- IIVCf? dreadnaughts that could stop them, ey were in more or less danger from pedoes, hut the experience of the arspite and probably the Marlborgh and several German ships indites that an up-to-date dreadnaught a stand hits from on? or more torfloes. 'The battle cruisers fought in a way t intended by their designers, and Hr unfitness for close work as a Institute for battleships was shown all who thought the day of the ivily armored ship was over. But ? need of them as a fast wing in ading off a line in battle is equally ar, to say nothing of their use in itant expeditions and in scouting rk. The slow or lightly armored cruiser, h as the 1". S. S. Sacramento class, 5 no place in the line. The battery iver amounts to little; they are too Inerable to stand fire, and too slow get out of the way. Destroyers on both sides covered ?mselves with glory, the English nost to a certainty inflicting conlerable damage in the night fighting, ey greatly outnumbered their opnents and excel tbem in speed, ese swift, low, smokeless craft, filled th machinery and torpedoes, respond the aggressiveness of the men they rry. and when they attack in shoals th the certainty that some will be it. with each crew striving to be in int. where the exposure is greatest, y ship within 10,000 yards is in nger. Nothing is known of ifhat the ( marines accomplished. The gunnery on both sides seems have been, all things' considered, exlent. In the excitement of battle, en under fire, such scores cannot e'xfcected as at target practice. The i was smooth, affording a good gun tform: the light was not clear, so it neither side had much advantage that respect, but the mist interfered th both sides, at times shutting out 1 targets compieieiy. 1 nis prevention ng at long distances, rarely ?r 7,000 yards, hut increased the liculty of finding the range. At that tance a miss in direction is seldom de. The obvious lesson to this country that, had the entire navy of the ited States been substituted for her of the opponents it would have n defeated, not ignominiously but npletely. If put in the place of gland* fleet it would have been outneuvered for lack of battle cruisers 1 would have been pounded to pieces the superior line of battleships. If tad been in the position of the Get -' n fleet the result would have been same. Phe Naval War College has. howtaught our officers many lesions h in maneuvers and in the military uirements. Congress knows the ds and the House of Representees has passed a bill adding many ps, including five battle cruisers. io ance the fleet, but the entire add1 hardly equals the total admitted ? in the'fight off Skaggerak?and ther side admits a crippling loss/'.