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If yonr work dof?nt
ahow yonr ?(e, nobody car en If yon are jfrayi we buy what** In year Head, not what% on It. If yon*re not gctttat alMl, head another di rection. Wlm trade la thlckeat pr of reaa fa ?loweat. When yonr way la blocked, bloek out n new one. Th? PS^flifcswcmftic J-P?@ir ONCLE SAM is rich and Aunt Columbia doesn't care; . therefore, why be thrifty ? On that corner a skyscraper was raised and razed within ten years. Meat took another jump last week?prices would be lower if we hadn't out grown the taste for plate and chuck. We kill a steer, eat a few choice cuts and leave half the carcass in the packing house to be barreled for export or made into "canned stuff. The laborer's wife spends the afternoon at the movies and buys his supper at the delicatessen shop at jewelry store prices. There's a silk dress and a dancing frock in the tenement wardrobe. The farmer's cornstalks rot in the field while he complains of the mounting cost of chop. The pound fisher man annually throws thousands of tons of herring back into the sea. Home dressmaking and hat trimming are disappearing arts. The clerk's boy will not wear his father's cut-down clothes. Who sends shoes to be half soled?especially since the tanner's cow jumped over the moon? Enough substantial food to provide for all the .poor in town in carted away by the garbage man. Every afternoon * a special freight train of table leavings pulls out of Palm Beach for the ocean. And yet we dare to complain of modern expenses. We lose about as much through waste as we gain by haste. Will we ever come to our dollar and senses? SBEEX readin' by the papers that we're out to swipe the trade, Which the kings of France and England and this William Kaiser made. That the poor benighted heathen down in Sweden and Peru Ain't got clothes and grub and'tools enough to see the winter through. So we're goin' to grab the business, while the other fellows scrap? While they're swipin' at each other, wipe them off the export map. I'm a roughneck and I've sailed on tradin' tramps and know the game, So I hope you'll excuse me buttin' in upon the same. Speakin' from my own experience, get hep to what they use Before you start improvin' them with your pet goods and views. They are mighty strong on color and they want the price to show; It's a waste of time to try and change their ways. Believe me, bo. There are certain styles of packin' that we don't go in for here? And they like to read their language on the labels?it's more' clear. When you're writin' to a hombre in Brazil or Ecuador, If you do not use his lingo, he might not guess what it's for. Don't send salesmen to palaver for you in a foreign land Who only speak a language that the folks don't understand. I'm a hick, I don't know nothin', and I may be wrong or right, But unless you look before you leap around the world? good night! YW11 E@ CaMgkit m fclk? Emudl By HEEBE1T KAUFMAN Eat your crow?delay won't change it to a quail?confess the mistake an A clofe the incident. You '11 be caught in the end, and that's the wrong end. Frankness is an error-eraser. Infallibility is not of earth; we expect you to flounder? and blunder occasionally, but we de mand a prompt acknowledgment of the slips. The instant that we know you for a sneak, an embargo will be placed on your further ad vancement: where we cannot place trust we will not impose responsibility. If you were clever enough to escajte consequences you'd be too shrewd to invite them. Integrity has already won its case: the evidence is written on the sky line. All these great establishments round-abouts are expressions of confidence; the vindication of square\ dealing. They represent fulfilled agreements?honorable policies?reliability. Swindlers do not survive?society has too many ways to cross-check their operations. After centuries of experiment with subterfuge and fraud, the universe possesses sufficient data to demonstrate for all time that double dealing does 7f.ot pay. You're beginning badly, young man. Mend that breach in your character before it is noted. Once you become recognized as a shifty customer, the information will quickly spread. Nowadays business maintains a jealous guard over its fair name and makes adequate provi sion to defend itself against the incursion of undesirables. The reputation of a house is in the hands of its helpers. Concerns are held accountable for their employes' misdemeanors and spare no expense to protect good will. You won't be permitted to depreciate a valuable asset. No matter how able and engaging you may be, your services are too risky on any basis if you cannot be depended upon to uphold and promote the probity of the firm. You're bound to err?whoever knew any one who didn't? We anticipate a reasonable de gree of misjudgment on your part and allow for it in our estimates, but we must learn when and where the breaks occurred so that they can be immediately repaired. You may not snarl systems and disgruntle purchasers. Don't be led astray by tales of success through illegitimate practices. The very fact that the history of the individuals in question is generally quoted really attests to their failure. In former generations standards were not over exact and conscienceless folk, now and then, "got away with it," but practical ethics are so high nowadays that such performances cannot be repeated. Commerce has adopted a new morale and blask lists all who evade its tenets. Pull many more tricks like that last one and you'll soon find yourself pounding the Pave ments and closed doors. First-class institutions require references, and you're rapidly canceling the right to get yours. Own up before you're shown up?make a clean breast of it and a fresh start. The man who can conquer the worst in himself has met and solved the biggest problem he will ever face. Copyright, 1016, by Herbert Kaufman. Great Britain rights reserved. WW ?mi ftk<b Scmmdlrals! *|p HE settings are different, but the risks and menaces in every considerable community are practically identical. Town or city, the same forces of evil squirm in the back ground. Temptation never lacks a hearer. Ignorance and reck lessness are vulnerable in any environment. The social problems of the metropolis soon become those of the village. There are no local sins: therefore the hideous state of af fairs just revealed by Botwin before a New York grand jury demands the attention of the nation. Ten thousand girls?mainly school children?lured from their homes and sentenced to a slavery compared with which the pre-bellum estate of the negro was paradisical! And this, mind you, in our day, in the year 1916?half a century after the proclamation of emancipation. Of course you don't want to believe it?that's how it came to be possible. The horrible truth gives the lie direct to our pride. We must either confess ourselves resourceless ? to cope with this pack of scoundrels or mobilize instantly for a cru sade which will neither abate nor relent until the '"system" and every hound connected with it is fittingly dealt with. The time for mealy mouth prudery is past. Old Doctor Hypocrisy has been prescribing for a disease which cannot be checked except through surgery. Be as Puritanical as you please, provided it be the old Puritanism, which fought for right and died for betterment. Up and at them! ?f ? Arena Vnramqw C&iao THOUGHT has a keener edge than a sword blade. The thing in us which conceives engines for destruction is more potent than its inventions. But until there is a uni versal acceptance of the higher efficiencies and humanities (which, in the last analysis, are synonymous) we must re main prepared with adequate means of defense against those who-still refuse bloodless trials of difference. The theory of adjudicating disputes according to merit is a noble but as yet an impractical ideal. When you want to know a man's real assets strike am average between his bank and tax statements. the United States Takes an Interest in Syria BY CHARLES M. PEPPER. irr-rriURKEY is offish toward the in " is not likely to change the policy of the "Washington administration. Even In peace times Turkey has not been hospitable to suggestions or represen tations about its Christian subjects, but the United States has been patiently persistent. Sometimes also it has been a little aggressive. The United States is interested in Syria for one reason because there are a good many Syrians in this country. It is interested for another reason on account of what has been done through American effort to better the condition of the Syrians. It is further concerned at present because it is about the only neutral country in the world which is in a position to use its good offices for Syria in the world war complications. Recently the statement was given out that Ambassador Klkus had been in Ftructed to renew, when he reached Constantinople, this government's ef forts to better the conditions in spite of the refusal of the Turkish govern ment to permit a neutral commission to -Investigate food conditions in Syria or otherwise interest itself in the situa tion there. The American embassy at Constantinople had cabled the State De partment of the Turkish government's repeated refusals. Nominally, the objec tions were understood to be that the terest the United States shows in Syria and the Syrians. This situation was a political one which con cerned only the internal affairs of the Ottoman empire. Geographically. Syria includes Pales tine and the Holy Land. It is not a nation, and not ^ people with the homo geneous basis of nationality, such as the Armenians. Nor have the Syrians been oppressed and massacred as have the Armenians. But they never hav;e been a welcome element in the Turkish empire. They are the most progressive people, 6r rather peoples, of the near east, but there is no racial affinity with the Turks. Their language is Arabic and they reflect Arabic civilization rather taan Turkish backwardness. The Turkish Syrians are Moham medans. but there is a large Christian population, exceeding in numbers the Mohammedans. The Christian sects are innumerable. Roman Catholics and Greek Catholics are among them. Maronite Catholics, who acknowledge the supremacy of the Pope, although their priests marry, and who say mass in Arabic, are one of the strongest re'isious bodies. Genuine paeans, the Druses, about whose rites little is knpwn ex cept that they are essentially heathenish as understood by Christians, are not counted as a sect. There are also the Damacus Jews, as well as the Jews of Jerusalem. These two classes are the distinctly Syrian as distinguished from the Russian Jews, who are so numerous in the Holy Land. There are, moreover, A-^eni^ns and Abyssinl;?n Copts. The foreign religious bodies in Syria have been grafted onto the native Chris tian sects in addition to the eastern religious bodies. There are German Lutherans and German Catholics, numer ous French religious societies, Italian religious bodies and British and Ameri can Protestants, but none of these are essentially Syrian, although they add to the complexities and the perplexities of the Turkish rule in Syria. Syria proper until the outbreak of the war enjoyed a semi-independent political status under the protection of the powers. The Turkish troops kept the various Christian sects from murdering one another at the holy sep ulcher in Jerusalem, but Turkish ad ministration in Syria was subject to very definite limitations. Consequent ly. there were few of the abuses which obtained in other parts of Asia Minor, where there was no restraint on Otto man authority. * ? * Enjoying the protection of the great powers. Syria was not seething with rebellion, although the Bedouin Arab tribes occasionally asserted their inde pendence of all authority. Syria Itself gave the sultan's government little trouble except when the attempt was made to overlap or undermine the rights guaranteed by the powers. The expectation always was that Syria ulti mately would come under the protec torate of a single European power, and France, by tacit acquiescence, was as sumed to be that power. After hostilities were begun, reports came of hardships inflicted on both the Christian and the Jewish population of Palestine, but there were no reports from the rest of Syria. Later came the reports of very harsh measures by the Turkish authorities. There was known to be much suffering on account of the food shortage throughout all Syria, and primarily this was what the T'nited States sought to relieve when it made representations to the Turkish government. Then came reports of op pressive political action and of execu tions of numerous Syrians, although there was no general massacre, as with the Armenians. Ultimately, definite and apparently reliable reports came of the summary execution of prominent Syrians in the city of Beirut for treasonable conspiracy. Beirut is one of the most impor I . \ ' THE MAIM ROAD IN JERUSALEM, A TRAVELING ARAB tant commercial ports on the Mediter ranean, and Is, in fact, the commercial capital of Syria. The Phoenicians, twen ty centuries ago, had a considerable commerce there. ? * * Modern Beirut Is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the near east, where all cities are cosmopolitan. Its population consists of Syrian Chris tians, Mohammedans, Greeks, Italians and French, with a sprinkling of Eng lish and Germans. The French com mercial influence was predominant, and French was the most common language of intercourse and trade. \ The municipal government of the city was something of an anomaly, in view of the protectorate of the powers over Lebanon. The Lebanon administration ended at the city line and the local gov ernment was under the Turkish author ities. The foreign communities, as well as the native Syrians, were restless un der this condition, but they accepted it a temporary one. The hostility be tween the Moslems and the Christians was very pronounced and murders of Christians were not infrequent. Then the Turkish authorities, prodded by the foreign representatives, would take what they called "subsequent precau tions.". Leading Syrians of Beirut, many of MERCHANT OF SYRIA. whom were wealthy and enterprising, un questionably look forward to the time when their city will be free from Turkish rule. They were not unsympathetic, however, to the efforts to reform Turkish government from within, and in its in ception they were very well disposed to the Young Turk movement, believing that it promised genuine political reforms. Americans have had an especial in terest in Beirut because of the Ameri can College there. A few weeks ago newspaper dispatches brought the news of the death, in his nineties, of Dr. Bliss, the former^president of the college, who was succeeded by his son. Dr. Howard Bliss. The college was one of the most potent influences in the progress of the near east. Most of its teachers were drawn from the United States, and many of the Syrians who were graduated from it later came to this country with the advantages of an English education. The pupils of the college were not simply from the Turkish dominions; thep were from all the countries in the near east, Greece and Bulgaria, and even some from central Europe. One of the problems which the college au thorities had most difficulty in solving was to reconcile the students from the different Balkan states to one another's presence. The rival Balkan nationali ties wanted a modern education, but they did not seem to want it in com mon. To have Greek and Bulgarian students in the same class keep the peace with each other was considered a triumph of administrative ability. Some of the Syrians who were grad uated from the college afterward oc cupied responsible positions under the Turkish government, though usually of a minor character. The Turkish au thorities were willing- enough to utilize their services, but did not care to re ward their abilities. Some of these Syrians obtained posi tions in Egypt, and there also they held responsible positions. Not much is known about the pres ent status of the American College at Beirut, but it is likely to behaving a hard time. As an educational center It is an object of distrust to the Turk ish military authorities. They are not likely to regard with favor any edu cational institution which is under for eign auspices. Formerly the Turkish authorities were tolerant of the insti tution. Since Rumania has entered the war on the side of the allies it may be that Turkey will be kept so busy on the European mainland that it will be able to pay little attention to Syria and other parts of the Asiatic mainland. Yet the oppressive acts of the Turks are not likely to be lessened because there will be little control exercised over them from Constantinople, and at Constantinople at least a pretext was made of observing the obligations of civilized usage in treating a- subject population which was not in rebellion. There was also some pretense of diplo matic courtesy in answering the repre sentations of the United States. It is not unlikely that if the Turk ish government continues to ignore the representations of this country In re gard to the food situation and the treatment of the Syrians representa tions may be followed by remon strances. But since this country is not in a position to back up its remon strances the Turkish authorities may pay no heed to them. Force is the only way. as has been shown in the past of insuring that Turkey will heed remonstrances of a diplomatic charac ter. The immediate future of Syria and the Syrians is, therefore, black, but in the peace treaty which must some day come they are likely to be given a recognition which will compensate, though it cannot atone, for their suf ferings under the present conditions. Tkis Womsua H&imdfes Y@air TIME was when a woman was thought incapable of figuring ac curately. as time wa3 when it was thought that a woman could not keep a secret. But time itself has proved the imputation in both cases to be fallacious, and the government of the United States has been one of the strong est promoters of the knowledge that women can do much of whi^h men only were formerly considered capable. That guide and guardian of government efficiency, the civil service commission, has itself been among the foremost ad vocates of women's employment to fill responsible positions: and in proof of what it recommends, it employs women in its own office in places of trust and confidence which have ordinarily be longed to the province of men. One of its woman employes is Miss Elizabeth Downing, disbursing clerk of the civil service commission. * ? * "We long ago shattered the fallacy that women could neither keep ac curate accounts nor a secret," said a prominent official of the civil service commission a few days ago, "and we find them proving their efficiency and trustworthiness every day in every di vision of the government service, as the steadfastness with which they hold difficult and confidential positions is convincing evidence. The State De partment employs women for confi dential service, and they have never betrayed a trust, and Miss Downing is an example of trustworthiness and technical efficiency in our own office. "Women have a conscientiousness and accuracy in detail which go farther with them than with men, and Miss Downing^is not only absolutely accu rate in her figures, but she bears an attitude of conscientiousness toward them that few men would exert. She inspects ^11 accou-nts and, exercising unusual judgment, has brought to bear her woman's prudence and care upon them. Every one passing through her hands is examined with the appraising eye of one who Jknows the cost of things, aJid a government overcharge is challenged as though it were an item in a personal account. "Her work also requires some legal knowledge, as she must construe the law as it applies to spending money and also adapt the instructions of the Treasury Department to particular cases. We feel confident that a rigid supervision guards every account in this office. Miss Downing has not lost a penny during her administration, not merely through accuracy,. but through ?MISS ELIZABETH DOWNING. economy in expenditure. She has practically a division to herself, with some clerical assistance." Miss Downing's disbursements for the civil service commission cover an annual expenditure of more than $350,000. which amount covers the salaries of the 262 employes of the bureau, with other expenses incidental to the con duct of the work. "We have three pay rolls," said Miss Downing, in talking of her work. **There are the office salaries and those of the field examiners, of which there are Ave, and the salaries of the special examiners, who are scientists and ex perts, and whose services are employed by the commission for their assistance in rating and examinations of special ists for the government. There are also traveling and field expenses to be cov ered. "The field examiner* for the civil service commission hold very re sponsible positions, being kept con stantly busy holding examinations from place to place, investigating appoint ments which have been made at a dis tance and looking after stay complaints wlUch have been lodged as to political activity, political assessments or other misdemeanors or abuses of power and position. "The special examiners are given a standard payment of $10 a day for their services, and are in many cases eminent professors of universities and authorities in their professions in every line?architecture. engineering. etc. They are chosen men fully qualified to Judge of the merits of experts seeking positions under the government. Prof. Wilcox of Cornell University has Just rated papers of a chief statistician for the bureau of the census. "This rale of $10 a day is sometimes wholly disproportionate to the services rendered, for some of the men of learn ing and science who act as special tech nical examiners for the federal service command ten and twenty times that fee in their private capacity. These ex perts ? have. however, uniformly ex hibited a willingness to serve the gov ernment. * * * "The expenses connected with the field work of the commission in its twelve districts range over the wide area of the whole United States, and include everything mom w?W.iQ5 ex penses and hotel bills to Janitor? When there is a federal building in a place, such as a custom house, a room In that building is used for the ex aminations. but when no such place is available a room is rented, and some times suitable furniture must be in stalled for the period of examination of would-be employes of the govern ment. "By this you see that our expensa accounts are full of small and varied Items, which must be carefully gone over^toefore being allowed. They alsi entail Na great amount of correspond ence, as one may not disburse govern ment funds without vouchers for every item and a knowledge that all Is cor rect." An estimate has been submitted to Cohugress for $20,000 for traveling ex penses for the fiscal year 1917. The appropriation for the current year is $18,000. Last year the appropriation was $12,000, but Congress granted a de ficiency appropriation of $6,900, making the total $18,000. This appropriation is used' by the com mission in holding its examinations of all kinds throughout the entire Unitel States, in making its investigations of the Infractions of the act and rules, and In the maintenance of administrative con trol of the federal service in the field "Yes, 1 like figures," said Miss Down ing, in response to a question. "You know that two and two make four, and you can get at it, which is more than can be said in all calculation*"