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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 19, 1917, Image 1

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Member of the Associated Press
The -Associated I'rrsa is explosively entitled
ts tb? use for republication of all news crMitwd
to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and
also the local news published heroin.
All rights of republication of special dispatches
herein are also reserved.
Fair today and tomorrow; continued
moderate temperature.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending: at 10 p.m. last night: Highest,
80, at 4 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 61, at
6 a.m. yesterday.
Full report on page three.
No. &47?No. 26,780.
Better Distribution System Also to Be Worked
Out to Insure Adequate Supply to
Consumers in All Sections.
Executive Has Report of Federal Trade Commission Showing Excessive!
Charges and Recommending Measures to Bring
About Relief.
Indications that the government is preparing to take control of;
the coal industry were strengthened yesterday, when President Wil- I
son paid a visit to the Federal Trade Commission and went over with I
its members estimates of coal production costs and recommendations
for dealing with the situation completed by the commission after
months of investigation.
Definite action to reduce prices to the consumer and to bring
about a better distribution, it was learned after the conference, will
be taken early this week.
The President's intention, it was i
learned authoritatively, is to reduce the
present price?, not only at the mines,
but of jobbers and retailers. The trade
commission's report indicates that oper
ators can sell their bituminous at a
price far below the maximum of S3
USed at a recent conference between
mine managers and government of
ficials and still make a handsome profit.
Before going to the trade commis
sion the President called on Herbert O.
Hoover, named to administer the food
act. in which are provisions for control
of coal, and later he v.-ent to see Attor
ney General Gregory. He also called
at the offices of Judge Robert S. Loyett
of the war industries board, who, it is
understood, will be given powers vest
ed in the executive in a recent law gov- .
erning priority of railroad shipments.
Takes Beport to White House. j
The trade commission's report was ;
to have gone to the White House yes- \
terday afternoon, but when the Presi- j
dent learned it had been completed he j
suggested a conference. When he left !
the commission's offices he carried the I
report with him. and will study it over I
today. ;
The President is deeply concerned
over the coal situation. Even repre
sentatives of the operators admit that
parts of the country face a shortage
this winter, and from the public com
plaints are pouring in that prices are
out of ail reason. The fact that sev
eral governors are threatening to take
over the industry in their states is
prompting early federal action.
Three courses are open to the Presi - |
dent. Under the food act he may fix
prices at the mines and to consumers. J
or he may direct some government ;
agency to requisition the output of all 1
mines, selling it to the public. The
third course would contemplate a vol
untary agreement by operators to sell
at a fair price, with tho government
directing: distribution.
Officials who have followed the situa- ;
tion most closely believe the President ?
will direct the requisitioning of all coal j
mined. This, it is understood, is the j
recommendation of the trade commis- !
eion. which has worked out a plan of j
procedure. The food act provision
authorizing this procedure empowers the ?
President to direct any government :
*^sen< y to perform the task. Under "the j
provision the government would con
trol shipment, distribution and appor
The trade commission, it is under- ;
stood, has worked out a complete plan '
for price fixing in the event the Presi- i
dent does not believe the situation re- I
quires commandeering. This program '
provides for government operation of ?
mines refusing to sell their output at ?
the prices fixed.
To Beach Betailer and Jobber.
For some time the country's anthra
cite mines have been operating on a i
mission, but enforced by voluntary
has been extended to cover jobbing and 1
has ben extended to cover jobinu and
retailing, and the commission has at
tempted to reach these sources through
The requisitioning plans, if adopted. I
would call for a division of the country '
Into districts. Every operator would i ??
paid fo"- his product on a basis of cost
r?f production plus a definite percentage
of pro'it. All the coal in a district would
be pooled and sold to the pub!;.- at ?
price, although the prices fixed for dif
ferent districts might vary considerably.
Allowance would be given operators
for quant tjf of production and t fficiencv
of service. " 1
?)fficials of the trade commission say 1
no scheme could be worked out. either
under a requisitioning system or a
F-traight price-fixing plan, whereby it
would be possible to pay uniform prices
for coal at all mines.
Prior Shipment Big- Problem.
Priority of shipment is recognized as
one of the biggest problems confront
ing the government in any solution of
the coal situation. Two laws recently
put on the statute books, officials be
lieve. grive the government full power
in that respect. They are the act em
powering the President to direct pri
ority for certain shipments and the act
giving the Interstate Commerce Com
mission power to direct the movement
of cars.
Powers vested in the President by
the priority act probablv will be turned
over to Judge Lrovett this week.
An appeal to the government to be
trin exercising: immediately its powers
to direct shipments was made yester
day by the railroad war board, "which,
in a statement, declared the coal situa
tion in the northwest still is serious.
Although (here has been a large in
crease in the movement of coal, the
statement said, the direction in many
Instances has not been toward com
munities that need it most.
"Realizing that the question of pro
viding coal for the northwest is one
of national importance," said the state
ment, "involving the defense and se
curity of the nation, because, unless
the fuel can be placed there prior to the
close of navigation, there will be a re
duction next year in the food supply
produced in that section and in the
amount of iron ore shipped down the
lakes, and also much suffering among
the people of Minnesota. Wisconsin and
the Tiakotas this winter, this commit
tee has been unking in its efforts to
improve the situation.
"Although the co-operative efTorts of
the coal men, the lake vessel owners and
the railroads have increased by 28.2
per cent the total amount of coal in the
United States, this committee has been
unable to direct the movement to the
northwest to the extent that is neces
"The committee desires to call atten
tion to the fact that some of the
extraordinary powers recently vested
in the federal government may enable
the administration to apply a remedy
which may result in getting" the neces
sary coal to the northwest prior to the
close of navigation.'*
Miners for Federal Control.
President White of the United Mine
Workers today issued this statement on .
the conference which he and Oiairman j
Peabodv of the coal production committee ;
had with President Wilson:
"The President was advised to act
quickly in creating an agency, as author- '
ized by Congress, providing for federal j
supervision and control of coal production i
and distribution. The Mine Workers' rep- 1
resentatives stated to the President that
agitation by state councils of defense. 1
state organizations and state governments
looking to state control of coal mining'
operations and coal production was, in
their opinion, doing much harm and that 1
this injurious effect would be overcome j
only by federal action and federal con
"The President was requested that, with !
the agency or authority through which !
the government would exercise control j
over coal production, representatives of J
all elements?miners and operators?en- '?
gaged in the production of coal would l>e J
associated. It was their opinion, based'
upon knowledge- iu*d experience tiiatr co-4
operation cf all forces engaged in coal |
production could be brought about if they I
were represented in an advisory capacity ;
or otherwise, with the agency or au
thority exercising governmental control.
"We deny most emphatically that either j
a request or suggestion was made in op-,
position to a reduction of the selling price '
of coal. Our mission was for no other.
purpose than as stated herein.'*
Army Officer Declares Opposition to
His Promotion Is Due to
False Statements.
IIj the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, August IS.?Col. Charles j
Reichman, U. S. A., chief muster officer ;
here, whose promotion was held up in !
the Senate by charges of pro-German- !
ism by Senator Poindexter, said today: ?
"The charges are all untrue. I have i
an idea where the senator's informa- !
tion came from. I shall show all of it i
to be false at the proper time and I an
ticipate tittle trouble in doing so. I
suppose Senator Pol:.dexter is sincere I
in his stand, but lie has not the facts.
I cannot with propriety say more at
this time."
Tlif committee on military affairs is
awaiting a report from th?- War de
partment and a <-<.mtnunication from
?'??!. Kei'hman before taking further;
action upon his nomination, which is I
being held up mean-while.
'Aliens Left U. S. Without Permits
and Are Caught on Returning.
NEW ORLEANS. Aukusi Is.?Wil
| helm llubner arid Henry Dahmeri, Ger
jrnan seamen, w ere interned at the local
! immigration station today on orders
from United States Attorney General
Gregory. The men were charged with
being alien enemies who had violated
President Wilson's proclamation arid
left the United States without obtain
ing permits. I'pon returning here on
vessels they were arrested.
Impostors in U. S. and France Claim
to Be Members of Corps.
PARIS, August l.v- Tne Lafayette Fly
ing Corps, composed of Americans, lias
become so well known in France and
abroad that many pretenders to member
ship have sprung up, not only here, but
in the United States. The commander of
the corps has received word from New
York that various persons are attempting
to deceive the public in this- respect. One
of them, according to this information,
was received by the Aero Club of Amer
ica and told fantastic stories of his ex
ploits. as well as lecturing on the latest
models of airplanes. The Lafayette Corps
never heard of this man before.
William A. Casson and Three Others
to Stand Trial in London.
LONDON. August 18.?William A. Cas
son, a retired civil servant, was commit
ted today by a magistrate in the Bow
street police court for trial in the criminal
'.court, on the charge of having unlawfully
'and corruptly conspired with Wing Com
mander John C. Porte, R. N. A., and Ly
man H. Zeeley, formerly general sales
manager of the Curtiss Aeroplane Com
pany, to contravene the provisions of the
prevention of corruption act of 1906.
The summons against Commander Porte
was postponed on account of his illmess.
'laT ii inijjjilf
War Savings and indebted
ness Certificates Proposed,
As Well As Bonds.
Would Give Man of Small Means
Chance to Do His Bit?Bill Beady
for Committee Action.
Authorization to issue bonds and cer
tificates totaling $11,538,945,460 at one
time is provided in the new war budget
bill, embodying recommendations of
Secretary McAdoo, which came from the
printer yesterday to the House ways
and means committee.
In addition to authority to float a
$7,538,945,460 4 per cent bond issue to
care for a previous $3,000,000,000 and a
future $4,000,00?D.000 allied loan author
ization, the Secretary desires power to
issue additional certificates of indebted
ness to the amount of $2,000,000,000, and
an equal amount of war savings certifi
cates in a form available to small in
Short-Term Certificates.
Lives of the certificates of indebted
ness and war savings certificates would
be limited to one and five years, re
spectively. and they would be subject
to discount and payment in the discre
tion of the Secretary. He also would
fix the interest rates and regular in
terest payments. They, like the bonds,
would be subject only to income super
tax. war profits and excess profits taxes.
Inclusion of the two additional cer
tificate proposals, not mentioned here
tofore by administration leaders in con
nection with the bill, is understood to
be principally for the purpose of pro
viding against a sudden demand for
money which the Treasury might not
be able to meet. As congressional
leaders understand the situation, it may
not be necessary to issue many of the
certificates, but they would prove the
means of getting money quickly if it
were needed.
to ff'sne the cerlflll'UW!'
would prove particularly valuable, it is
pointed out. if Congress should not in
crease the revenue bill now under dis
cussion by $50(1,000,000 as proposed by
Mr. McAdoo. It is by no means certain
that this proposed increase will be se
Reaches Man cf Small Means.
In the war savings certificate pro
posal administration leaders think they
have discovered a means of appealing
to the patriotic man of small means.
Purchase?* of these certificates would
be limited to $100 worth at a time, and
no individual even would be permitted
to hold more than $1,000 worth of tliom.
Plans also are being made to accept
very small payments on them, the bill
providing that the Secretary may, if
he deems advisable, issue stamps to
evidence payments. Under such an ar
rangement payment of such amounts
as $1 or less might be made and noted, j
as are postal savings banks' deposits. ;
No feature of the entire local scheme I
will receive greater or more careful at
tention than this one. Leaders feci it is i
essential to the success of the war that f
every one be made to feel that he is doing '
his bit. particularly in a financial way. !
Although the interest rate has not been '
determined, it doubtless will be ample to J
attract investors.
In general respects the bill is similar to'
the budget of last April, which authorized I
$5.000.000,000 worth of bonds and $2,000,- i
0C0.000 in certificates of indebtedness The
new 4 per cent bonds could not be sold ;.t
less than par; and the Secretary would!
be authorized to purchase allied bonds at
par. but their rat. s of interest mus: not
he less than the highest rates paid bv 1
:h- I'nit-d States bonds. The new bonds j
also would Ik- convertible if later th<
i'nited States should issue oth. r bonds at !
a higher iate of interest. .N"?.n?* of tli?
b-?r-ds would br.ar the circulation nriv.
1< g*. i
Indications last night were that tli?? bili
will not taken up for pa>:;agi- until |
after the revenue hill pas>es the Serial
probably next wetk.
Many Will Not Be Transferred to '?
American Units During
ISprrlal < altlrcrani to Tli?- Star and
Nfw \ ork World.)
PARIS. August IS.?Another indication j
of the desire of American airmen in the I
French army to remain under the tri-color
rather than join I'nited States forces is I
PARIS, August 18.?Maj. Gen. Pershing, the American
commander, told the Associated Press today that the war can
be won only by hard and forceful blows delivered by a well
trained American army working in conjunction with the allied
Deploring the lukewarmness of the American people in re
gard to the war, tien. Pershing added:
"Every man, woman and child should support the adminis
tration in its determination to arm and equip the American
Army and to keep up its morale and that of the allied armies.
This war will not be won by talk or by subscribing to the Red
Cross. The American people must come to a full realization of
what the war means. It can be won only by striking hard and
forceful blows, not otherwise." s
The general- was very emphatic ip the UjteTvyiew,N which
jastctf butUsy^".""^.; , ^ ^ ,;,r>
Arrested in Philadelphia. Admits He
Has Been German Officer: Be
lieved Troop Ship Spy.
Greiner, thirty-two years old, who de
scribes himself as a former lieutenant
in the German army, was arrested last
night in his boarding: house, at 11*20 Mifflin
Agents of the Department of Justice
and naval officers who took the man into
custody describe Greiner as "a dangerous ,
German agent." and he was taken to the
detention house at Gloucester, X. J., while
officials investigate the charge.
A report written in German on which
the man was working when the officers
entered his room, a series of drawings of
submarine devices, a photograph of
Greiner in the uniform of a German sol
dier and the man's statement during an 1
official quiz, have piled a serious mass of
evidence against him.
Orders From Washington.
Naval officials telephoned word of the
arrest t<> Washington and we;-,* ordered
to keep the pri. wo-r "i ncorniMinh ado"';
until investigations vor< eon,plete.
The hasty t ra ns!n f ions u h '<11 o(u<ials
have made of Greiner's manuseript 1
were not made public, but it is inti
mated t!,.<t the writing dealt with the
iMi.\eiiifi ; ??:' troop ships from Amer
ican ports
The ;...rt was addressed to a Ger
man na\al ?:Vu-er, and although Greiner1
was questioned elosely concerning how :
the communication was t<? he sent to
Germany. lie refused 11 information. j
Greimr, who played the part of one |
demented, would sit at the window of!
his boarding hou.-e all day and went
out only at nights. j
THE HAGl'E. August IS.?Two Ger- i
man airplanes, each carrying Chree !
men, landed near Winschoten late to
day. One was in flames and the yther!
was shot down by Dutch soldier.s. The |
occupants of the airplanes were until- ;
Woman Who Slew Wife of Dr. David
Roberts Faces Jury.
WAl'KKSHA, Wis.. August 1M.?Miss i
Grace 1-usk. I? ;? school teacher who. two |
months ago. slew the wife of in. David j
Roberts, appeared in the municipal court j
today for hearing. She pleaded not guilty, j
Her back was turned to Dr. Roberts, i
whose relations with her culminated in i
the shooting.
Several preliminary witnesses were
heard. Dr. Roberts may take the stand
Formerly Assistant Secretary of j
State of New York.
NEWPORT. AUKU.it 1 v?(Jeorse I..
Rives of New York, formerly assistant
secretary of state, ami a loiiK-tlme cor
poration counsel of New York city, died
here today, after a lonn illness. He was
sixty-eiKht years of age.
Mr. Rives, who was widely known as a
lawyer, was president of tho commission
which, in 1900. tevised the charter of the
city of New York.
. . , , -* .
Supt. Whitaker Says Cost of Con
tainers Prevents Putting Up Im
mense Quantity of Vegetables.
Special I'roni a Staff forrospondcnf.
Va.. August IS.?That there I.as been
an unwarranted advance in the cost ??f
' tin cans, which is preventing: the Dis
trict workhouse from preserving an im
j mense quantity of fruits and vegetables
: for winter use, is the claim of William
If. Whitaker, superintendent of the
workhouse, who intends to bring the
matter to the attention of the National
Council of Defense.
Last summer. Mr. Whitaker states,
he purchased 6,000 cans at the rate
of $40 a thousand. The lowest price at
which he can buy the same type of can
si-1 the present time is ?113 a thousand.
The cans purchased last year have
1 been used in the putting up of 6.000
j gallons (?f tomatoes. The workhouse
| tomato crop is good for 4,000 more
gallons, but tic* high price of cans
| makes the purchase of additional con
i t:titiers prohibitive, it is stated. Mr.
1 Whitaker stated yesterday that this
j would result in a ".<? jut cent loss to the
' institution, as far as the tomato crop is
; ?? .ncerned, and that it will mean That
?tjif canning of other produce will he
; considerably curtailed.
Kailroad Ready By December 1.
Announcement was made last night
J that the industrial railroad wlrtch is
. being built from <>cco?juan creek t<> the
' workhouse site will be in operation by
I December 1. This will make possible
' the hauling of coal and other supplies
I to the institution in less time and at
less cost. An order has been given for
it gasoline engine and trucks. Eventu
: ally this road will he ? xtended from the
i workhouse site through the reforni
I atorv property to connect with the
; Washington-Southern railway near
. Lorton, Va.
J'rison labor will be* employed in the
j construction work. The road will be
i completely finished and in operation in
| two years, according to present plans.
| The ri'id will be electrified with current
i supplied from a central power plant now
! being constructed at u cost of $40,000. This
plant will furnish heat and light for both
j tlo* workhouse and the reformatory on
! the adjoining property.
Co I 'ENHAGKN", August IS.? Dr. .Mau
rice J?\ Egan, the American minister to
Denmark, was operated on today by
! l'roi". Schou, a Danish specialist. The
operation is said to have been success
ful. and Dr. Egan's condition is report
j ed favorable.
Berlin Version of Naval Engagement
in the North Sea.
BEREIX, August IS. via London '
(British admiralty, per Wireless Press).
?An official statement, is ? --d at the
German admiralty today regarding the
naval clash between British and Ger
man light forces, August 16 says:
"On Thursday a German guard patrol
in the North sea encountered enemy
cruisers and destroyers on the fringe
of the English barred zone and at
tacked them. The enemy, who had a
large superiority, turned away under i
the well-placed German fie and wiUi- |
drew from the engagement with all
possible haste. We suffered no losses." I
Votes to Strike Provision From
the Big Revenue
I .
The first recommendation of the
finance committee in the war tax bill to
be repudiated by the Senate was the
provision for a stamp tax on bank
checks, which was rejected yesterday
by^fL vote of 22 to 3^ This tax was de-s
signed 4o produce- about in
yHotise had^|3fu*red to propose
such a tax on the ground that it was
j burdensome upon individuals. Senti
i ment in the Senate against it con
Icurred in this reasoning- and also in
| eluded the theory that the tax might
discourage bank deposi*?.
The proposed tax was opposed by
' Senator Smoot, a member of the finance
! committee. He declared that after
many years hoarding of money has
finally been discouraged and banks
have sprung up in all parts of the
country, l>ut if this provision were
adepted he was afraid this practice
would be discouraged, taking much
money out of circulation.
Other Dissenting: Senators.
j The- bank check tax also was op
posed by Senators Underwood of Ala
: hama. who drew many revenue Mils
when in the House; <*ronna of North
, Dakota. Hard wick of Ceorgia, Overman
of North Carolina Norris of Nebraska
land others. Their principal objection
{ was that such a tax would discourage
jand curtail bank deposits.
"It is bad public policy," said Sen
i ator Underwood. "It is not a tax on
wealth, but on a facility of business."
j Senator Hardwick said every Georgia
j banker has objected to the tax because it
i might decrease deposits. He declared it j
i "vexatious and irritating."
The tax was defender! by Senator Lodge 1
! of Massachusetts. He said it was imposed j
j successfully during the civil and Spanish- i
American wars, is easy of collection and i
tritling in amount. He did not believe it !
i would decrease seriously bank deposits or j
! use of banking facilities, because, he said. !
the habit of using banks has greatly in- j
creused and has become fixed in recent j
Parcel Fost Tax Upheld.
< ?;: the lir.^t roll call thus f:<r taken on j
the I.ill. ihe Senate retained, 2S to 27, the j
committee's provision for a one-cent j
i stamp t:?x on transportation of parcel
j.ost packages as amended to exempt j
packages costintr tinder 2.~> cents. For
each additional '-?> cents charged, fur
ther one-cent ?;i\ would be imposed. From
t li * * parcel post tax $2.000,0u0 in revenue is
? estimated.
This week w ill be devoted to consid- j
I ering the passed-over sections of the bill, j
! including the income tax provisions. Un- :
! less the latter should cause prolonged de- |
ibnte. Chairman Simmons hopes to pass the t
j bill by next Saturday night.
; _ . .
; M. Jusserand, the French ambassador, ?
[and Colvill** Barclay, the British j
j charge, called on Secretary Lansing at j
the State Department yesterday, ap- j
j parent!y to keep in touch with any de
! velopment regarding the Pope's peace
Richmond Will Not Pay for Hole
"Caruso" Kicked in Wall.
| KlCHMtiNI'. Ya.. August IK.?Caruso*
a large, dark mule belonging to the.
city, is responsible for his own acts, I
not the cit\ of Richmond. Such is thej
judgment of the administrative board j
of the city, a claim for $20 damages
done by Caruso having been denied, re
jected and returned to the person mak
ing the claim.
Several weeks ago Caruso walked
over t<? a brick wall surrounding the
old Women's College grounds and pro
ceeded to show his disgust and con
tempt for brick and mortar by kicking
a large hole in the wall aforesaid.
The owner of the property demanded
Paris Air Raid Alarm False.
PARIS, August 18.?Official announce
ment was made by the Paris authori
ties today that the alarm given last
night for supposed enemy airplanes
approaching the French capital was
occasioned by a French airman whose
motor could plainly be heard, but who
failed to send out the customary sig
nals announcing his nationality.
Furious Assaults Launched in
Effort to Regain Positions
From British.
Furious Counter Attacks on West
ern Front Repulsed With Ter
rible Losses to Teutons.
Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria
continues to hurl counter attacks
against the new positions captured by
| the Canadians in their recent offensive
in the region of Lens. Saturday morn
ing: the Germans forced their way into
the Canadian trenches northwest of the
French mining center, but after furious
hand-to-hand fighting they were eject
ed, leaving a considerable number of
dead on the battlefield.
On the Belgian front from the North
sea coast to the Ypres sector, where
the British and French, in the of
fensive begun in the middle of the
week, took l.SOO prisoners and twenty
four Kuns, the French again have
pushed forward, capturing a strong
German point of support east of the
Steenbeke river.
Preparing for New Blow.
The British have organized their new
ly conquered terrain, and the artillery
bombardment on this front again has
assumed a degree of drumfire Intensity,
presaging another vicious blow at the
German lines. The Berlin war office
now admits the loss after severe light
ing of the Belgian village of Lange
marck. northeast of Tpres, and says
the German troops have occupied lines
in front of the positions conquered by
| the British.
I On the River Aisne front the Ger
man crown prince directed a number
of attacks on the French trenches, no
tably in the vielnfty of FroWmont
farm, but all were repulsed. Prepara
tions for a German assault in the Mas
?ites?ector^f-the,Champagne region
weiVWoken up by the French fire. On
th?ftf-?r<Uin a.-splrite^JIpencA^b,
j tacl^wept o?fer"t?!e GermSr-positiOdis
I in Caurieres wood. enabling the
j trench to retake all the trenches which
| had been wrested from them by the
j Germans on August 16 and IV.
Ordered to Take Hill 70.
j By the Associated Press.
j BELGIUM. August IS.?Late reports
| regarding the German counter attack
j this morning against the Canadian
i positions northwest of Lens show it
! was a desperate attempt to regain
i teri itor> lost by the invader in the
[ great British assault of Wednesday,
j German prisoners say word had been
| passed to them that they must retake
I HillI ,0 at any cost, and the fierceness
! , German counter attacks since
I this hill was wrested from tnem and
1 Positions established in front of
: indicates that this statement is true
. Germans yesterday afternoon
m.r,h^ , ntry attack? against this
northwest section of the Canadian de
| fense accompanied by flaming machines
i a" a, h"rricane of Ku..s shells. They
jwere hurled back with cold steel after
suffeiing heavy losses.
They again advanced during the
f.^en'nR against the suburb of St
Lmilie and at liugo wood to the north
?ondfa!!,ebaScTnd Ume thCy
Heavy Action Is Begun.
This morning at 1:30 the heavy ac
tion began along the entire line north
of Lens, the Germans supporting their
I infantry with a concentrated artillery
fh-T't 'he ?er,;p hand-to-hand lighting
that ensued the Germans repeated?
hurled themselves against the Cana
dians, but the defenders held like ?,
l.t'rT h1' i"'e aUa' "nallv fell
J. ? exhausted and with their num
bers greatly reduced. .Manv bodies lv
ling in front of t Can-,,H-.T, il\ .
masses?' SeVBre b~"
! niailj^ sangutiiary ^t^o^^
th." bat,.,- that has raged about i.ens
mil e the capture of Hill 70 is th*
bluer these troops ever experienced
Moreover, never had they u.,.,|'tile
bayonet so much as in this present en
counter Much ?f the fighting l?s been
of a hand-to-hand nature, in a maze o?
concreted cellars and deep dugouts
from which the Germans
streams of machine gun bullets.
Defenses Amazingly Strong.
..ri'r'V"",1 ,h" ,nunierous collierv sub
urbs about ir virtually form a citv of
",?"i , " ;U1 the t'Ulldings Vave
been destroyed by the Germans and The
rums turned into fortified, machine gun
if),-' e'"e" l'ugouts were found on
Hill ... extending to a depth of
h\e feet, and similar honeycombed ui,
dcrground structures were found in the
hadTo baiMe0^"- Which ,he Canadians ,
positions" e'r WaJ' to th"ir Present
The Germans, according (o prisoners" !
'inI'""!6whi hT d'smav?< at the loss of
Jiiil .0, which dominates the ?-irv ?-?f 1 ,
'l"'j. ,he territory to the north. The cost :
of lifs apparently meant nothing to them
in their attempt to regain this impor "ni
eminence Tins was evident on the first
da.\ of the battle when an entire division
of 1 russian Guards was sent aeainsi *t)> '
Canadians in successive waves until vir
f: th* "-nore division lay d,ad in front
of the defenders' machine puns ,ro"t(
Time and time again thev * i
that ill-fated attack by the guards' but Tn
all their attetyffs they did not gain a foot
of ground aii/have lost still further p??
lions to the Canadians. The German ar" !
tillery fire in the Lens sector has ,e n
Incessant ever since they were pushed'
back, and every available enemv gm,
apparently is being brought to bear o!
the British defenses. i
French Complete Conquest.
The French have completed their con
quest of the enemy territory south of
the bt. Jansbeek river and the Bieen
l.eek river, which branches off from th.
St. Jansbeek to the east. Two strong !
German redoubts. Les Lilas and Mo? I
dovi farm, which had held out mckinVt
a!!i.2?,a?ks ?incS,.the beginning of the
allied offensive Thursday, have canltn!
lated, and the French have pushed their
(Continued on Second rage.)
German Clerical Leader Had
Backing of Austrian Court
in Propaganda.
Austro-Hungarian Parliament Ex
pected to Make Bid Next for
Bussi&n Support.
(Mpeclal < iblrrram In Tlir Mar a?4
New A ork World.?
Copyright, 1917. hv Tl?? Prww Publishing Co.
(The New York World. I
STOCKHOLM, August IT. via London,
August IS.?The hidden influences
which largely persuaded Pope Benedict
to put forth his peace proposal were
the Austrian court and Herr Mat bias
Erzberger, leader of the clerical party
in the reichstag. The German imperial
government played a very subordinate
role, if any, in the preliminary pulling
of the wires that stretch to the Vati
can. ^
This is the general opinion in dlslo
matic circles and among political spe
cialists here. That this view is the
correct one has been confirmed to me
further by the fact that my informant
is close to the Austro-Hungarian lega
tion here.
Suggestions From Austrian Court.
The Pope's sincerity and independ
ence in taking his step toward peace
are not doubted. On the other hand,
it is accepted as an obvious fact that
his holiness was decisively influenced
by subtle suggestions emanating front
the Austrian court, of which he is the
near friend, and propagated. sy syn
chronously, in Vatican circles by Herr
Erzberger is one of the few really
clever German politicians extant. I
have frequently called attention to his
close connections with the Vatican and
his tireless spread of the peace propa
ganda in neutral countries. As the
spokesman of the yearning for peace
by the German Catholic masses, as well
as the live-wire leads of the clerical
party, which now is swinging the ba!
jance of power in the reichstag, Erz
. berger is in a -unique position to reach
the Pope's ear. with the siren songs of
mediation suggestions. .
In this connection it is recalled tbat.
during thej^yeht
on a mysterious pe-aonal mission, the
report being stci cl> denied subse
Would Be ''Peace Kaiser."
The significant fact, however, is that
after his alleged visit the insistent
| Austrian peace pressure on Germany
i increased to its now unprecedented
maximum, the Austrian pressure being
: aimed to induce the imperial govem
I ment to come out openly and unequivo
j eally for an anti-annexation peace,
j Further, it is an open s? ret that since
i his accession the sole ambition of Em
peror Charles, "the sudden." as he is
l'ondlv nicknamed, because of youthful
enthusiastic impulsiveness. is to be
come the "Peace Kaiser." and he is
j leaving nothing humanely possible un
j tried to accelerate the dove of peaces
, In well informed quarters it is held cer
tain that the Austrian court bad reaso?
? to know its skillful manipulation of
the wires running to the Pope would
j be crowned with euccess when Count
Czernin, the Austro-Hungarian foreign
j minister, launched his "bridge of re
: constriction" over the Austrian peace
: propaga rid a.
It is held, too, that as the result of
j his frequent confidential missions to
| neutral countries Erzberger, who is
the one German politician in Germany
: who really understands both neutral
and enemy public opinion, was equally
II confident the Pope could be counted on
to put forth a peace proposition when
he precipitated the German inner poli
tical crisis and lined up the center
I'party back of a no-annexation peace
resolution, thus putting forth the
peace proposition himself.
Hated by Pan-Germans.
By his subsequent peace propaganda
I in Switzerland Erzberger made him
self?with Scheidemar. i; - the best hated
?man in Germany lv the Pan-Germans
and other annexationists.
The Austrian official p?:n <- feeler and
i the reichstag peace resolution must
i thus be regarded as intended to prepare
: the public opinion of the world fur ^ha
? Pope's proiosition, in the sense (put
i it is favorable to the central puwfrs.
I But the important distinction must be.
jemphasized that whereas the Pope VT9*
i subject to subtle inspiration from i 10
i Austrian court, the German hypnotic
j suggestions practiced on his holiness
i proceeded not from the imperial gov
ernment. nor even from i lie clerical
! party, as a whole, but was the one-man
mediumistic performance of Erzberger.
who. only subsequently, was backed up
\ by the bulk of his party. According to
? authoritative views held by inside Ger
{ man political circles, the Pope did not
| launch his concrete proposition with
' out the full knowledge of the central
powers governments and an assurance
j from them as to their favorable atti
tude. Furthermore, it can be slated
with certainty that the Pope knew be
; forehand Germany's specific peace terms
in a form more concretly formulated
than ever before.
Reichstag- Voted Blindly.
The reichstag peace resolution, which
for all practical purposes, was the cur
tain raiser to the Pope's proposition
was, however, not known to be such to
the rank and file of the members who
passed it.
In connection with the Pope's pro
posal dovetailing with the neutral
ministerial conference proposal, the ut
most importance must be attached to
Count < zernin's visit with the kaiser
and the imperial chancellor and to the
significant diplomatic change at StocK
holm. Count Hadick. who was Count
Czernin's spokesman here, has gone to
attend a meeting of the Austro-Hun
garian upper and lower houses of par
liament. sitting jointly, which will be
held next month. Then, as ! learn con
fidentially, the peace ball wil. he given
another hard kick in the direction of
the Russian goal. It is further rumor
ed in Austro-Hungarian circles here
that Hadiek will then be intrusted
with a highly important extraordinary
mission which may bring him back to
Stockholm, although the post of Aus
trian minister to Sweden will he filled
probably by <ount Tarnowski, who
came near being ambassador at Wash
Public opinion is sharply divided in
Germany over the Pope's proposition,
with the pan-Germans discreetly damn
ing it and the champions of a no-an
nexation and reconciliation peace en
thusiastically optimistic. Prominent
center party leaders have expressed the

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