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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 24, 1917, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair. colder tonight; temperature
?.boat 34 decrees; tomorrow ta.tr, con
tinued cold.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest. 4T, at 3
p.m. yesterday; lowest. 34, at 8 a.m.
today.
F'lll report on page 11.
CLOSING NEW YORK STOCKS PAGE! 11.
?f the Associated Press
Tke iwkM fnm Is oMfib irtM M
the qm for npsMkattea.ef all mn diape
credited to It or aot otharartoo cntttsd ia
paper aad also tke lecel aews published ha
All rifkts of publication of apodal
dispatches hereto an alaa laetnaC
Sworn Net
1117, Dally Averager
?f
Snaday,
No. 26,877.
WASHINGTON, D. 0.. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1917.?TWENTY PAGES.
ONE CENT ?
Reinforced Germans Are Of
fering Desperate Resistance,
But Gen. Byng Keeps at It.
MORE THAN 100 GUNS
SEIZED DURING DRIVE
Important and Dominating High
Ground About Bourlon Wood Tak
en?Graphic Story of Battles.
Reinforced l>y divisions from other
sectors of the western front, the Ger
mans are resisting desperately the Brit
ish advance on Cambrai. Around Fon
taine Notre Dame, less than three miles
west of Cambrai, and the Bourlon wood
close by. the most strenuous fighting
has occurred, with the British making
progress.
Gen. Byng is combining his attacks
with consolidation work and the British
are firmly established in their new posi
tions, which give opportunities to destroy
the usefulness of Cambrai as a supply
center as well as a starting place for a
drive either north behind Drocourt
Queant line or west against Cambrai.
Heavy fighting is taking place at Moeu
vres, three miles west-southwest of Fon
taine Notre Dame, and at Crevecoeur,
about three miles south of Cambrai, at
the other end of the wedge driven across
the Hindenburg line Tuesday and Wed
nesday.
Put Up Strong Resistance.
The Bourlon wood is the dominating
hill to the west of Cambrai, and the
Germans have put up a strong resist
ance here as well as at Fontaine Notre
Dame, which flanks the wood to the
west. The British have made advances
at the southern and southwestern edges
of the wood. In addition to nearly
??oo prisoners the British have cap
tured large quantities of war material
and more than 100 guns.
Fighting activity has been renewed in
nudera. bat on a small scale. South
Tfrrw net*Marshal Haig made
a slight advance in the direction of
Menin. German artillery Ore is heavy
on this front, especially around Fass
chendaele.
Make Further Progress.
Br the Aworbted Pr??i
LONDON. November 24.?At various
points west of Cambrai the British
made progress yesterday, the war office
reports. More than 100 guns have been
captured recently in this area. The
statement follows:
"Operations were successfully car
ried out by us yesterday west of Cam
?**'- After severe fighting, in which
the Germans offered stubborn resist
ance, our troops stormed the "impor
tant and dominating high ground about
Bourlon wood. To the east of Bourlon
some progress was made in the
neighborhood of Fontaine Notre Dame.
west of the wood our troops made
further progress along the Hindenburg
"F> f*tride?the Canal du Nord, in the
vicinity of Mouvres. Farther west, be
'*e,e" M?"vres *"<1 Queant. the London
Scottish Regiment captured an impor
i?"1. ?P.ur giving observation over the
Hindenburg line to the west and
north.
Capture Strong Point.
"In the vicinity of Bullecourt our
th?? d .further ground during
captur!ns a hostile strong
P0.1"1' with a number of prisoners .
i? 3iL^-nJJm?>er of Prisoners captured
in yesterday s attack has not yet been
Since the beginning of the
operations on November 20 it is known
.??LmKre th*;n ,1#0 R?ns havebeen
taken by us, including- several heavv
guns of calibers up to eight inches."
Number of Aerial Fights.
..JJll official statement on aerial oper
??? Issued last night reads:
The bad weather continued Thurs
day. preventing ail flying except at a
very low height. Our airplanes were
ZV7 f611** ln attacking hostile troops
?? t!,c r?ad? in the
neighborhood of Cambrai with
machine gun tire. A number
<?5 occurred with the enemy's
low-flying machines, three of which
were brought down. Two others were
?nlVeh-.n?Wn "Y* ?f contro1 and a hos
tile balloon also was brought down
fng?*' 'Ve ?' ?Ur airPlanes are miss
German Raids Pail.
PARIS. November 24.?"During th?
night the enemy undertook several
???<?in ? th? reKlon of Courcy
and Jn the Argonne," save today's of
flcial communication. "He gained no
success and suffered losses
'In the Champagne we took prisoners
In a raid east of Auberivc. Everywhere
else the night was calm.
"Dunkirk was bombarded by airnlane*
It J1 There were no victims and
the damage was insignificant."
Main Fight Along Canal.
Br the Aknoci&ted Pri??*.
i ?rfSanceA FHH, headquarters
J;: . ' ,rlda>- November 23.
The main attack on the openine of th<?
offensive Tuesday was alon* th* west
ern bank of the Canal du Nord" which
runs almost due north and south fri?
Th? main H W?St Ha^rincourT
|ere fti!?
blgtdUchhad '? "8ht their "I W the
There was intense hard work almost
from the start as the Ulsterites who
this task got in SSo"g*5e
German defenses. Because of the secret
naturt of the attack no artillery coifd
l>e usedtocut the tremendously strong
lines of barbed wire in front of the
?.?rn?ein ??? the ,tank" wer? not ope
rating ln this section. Therefore it was
rhf"*a,ry f,or the Irishmen to change
I2ent" and bomb them to
through! ? t0 f0rc" their way
Irish Drive Entering Wedge.
It was a big undertaking, for the Irish
"Bd?r.. concentrated rifle and ma
chine gun flre as soon as they began
*? adYfnc*- hut they maintained their
with ...?? 2Lval5r and bombed their way
with such grim determination that they
,wedge into *he trench
^"incourt. Northwest of
2*", JL high bank on the west of
the jsaal. This elevation waa strongly
Definite news of the destruction
of another German submarine by
American destroyers reached the
Navy Department today in a
cabled report from Vice Admiral
Sims. The submarine, damaged
by a depth bomb, went down with
all on board after a destroyer had
attached a line and was attempt
[ ing to take her in tow.
Two destroyers took part in
the action. One, sighting a pcri
| scope at 400 yards, headed for it
and dropped a deadly depth bomb.
Soon afterward the /submarine
came to the surface, with no sign
of life aboard. The second de
stroyer steamed up and attached a
line, but the U-boat, apparently
shattered by the bomb, went to
the bottom. ,
Secretary Daniels announced the re- j
port in this statement: 1
"Dispatches received from Admiral
Sims state that a German U-boat has
been accounted for by American de
stroyers operating: in European waters.
While on patrol duty a destroyer sight
ed a periscope 400 yards off. Immediate
ly ringing full speed ahead, the com
manding officer headed his craft to pass
a few yards ahead of the submarine. As
the destroyer passed over the U-boat's
course a depth charge was dropped.
This evidently caused damage to the
U-boat, which shortly afterward broach
ed and came to the surface about 600
yards away. 1
"Fire was immediately opened on the
submarine by two of our destroyers
which circled about their target.
"The submarine did not return the fire
and was evidently disabled. One of the
destroyers got a line to her Intending
to tow her, but the bo&t soon sank.*"
STREET GAR IS KNOCKED
FROM TRACK BV TRUCK
House of Kiis Nellie Keating Is
Damaged by Impact mad Voter.
man Is Injured. ?
'
Four passengers on an eastbound car
of the Washington Railway and Elec
tric Company narrowly escaped serious
Injury today when a big motor truck
crashed into the car at 30th street and
Dumbarton avenue northwest, forcing
the car off the track and Into the side
of the boarding house of Miss Nellie
Keating, 1323 30th street.
The foundation of the house was
slightly damaged and the trolley pole
on top of the car went through an
upper window of the dwelling.
The Auto Delivery Company, owners
of the truck, claim the vehicle was
damaged to the extent of 11,500.
M. E. Woodward of 724 B street
northeast, motorman of the car. was
cut by flying glass from the platform
as the car went up on the sidewalk.
E. G. Rainey of 1327 East Capitol street,
the conductor, was uninjured.
According to the police, the truck,
operated by Oliver Neal of 1225 25th
street, was going south in 30th street
when it struck the street car about
six feet from the front end.
BRITISH STORM SITE
OF ANCIENT MIZPAH
\
London Admits Xonnted Forces,
Which Pressed Further North,
Were Forced Back.
By the Associated Pren.
LONDON, November 24.?The site of
ancient Mizpah, 5,000 yards west of
the Jerusalem-Nabulus road, has been
stormed by the British, the war office
announces. British mounted troops,
which had advanced northward, were
forced back by the Turks.
The mounted troops had approached
Beit Unia, and. after being driven back,
took up a position at Beit Ur el-Foka
(twelve miles northwest of Jerusalem)
The statement also says the enemy
has bombarded the traditional tomb of
the Prophet Samuel.
The town of En-Nebi Samwil, about
five miles northwest of Jerusalem, is
generally believed to have been the
site of the ancient town of Mizpah, the
famous city of Benjamin. Tradition
points out this is as the birthplace,
residence and burial place of the
Prophet Samuel, and there is a mosque
which contains the traditional tomb of
the prophet.
ABTILLEEY HALL OPENED.
Yale Armory Built by Graduates at
Expense of $35,000.
NEW HAVEN, November 24?The
formal opening and public inspection
this morning of Tale's Artillery Hall
marked the completion of the equip
ment for the university's school of field
artillery. The Tale Artillery Armory,
built by the graduates at an expense
of $135,000. was dedicated at commence
ment last June.
In this hall the ?74 members of the
Tale Reserve Officers' Training Corps
unit will study the battery of French
75s. recently sent over for their use.
in addition to the work with the nui
at Artillery Hall, which adjoins the
base ball cage In the rear of the uni
versity gymnasium, the students dally
go out to Tale fleld, where at Artillery
Armory they can work with the thirty
horses provided by the government and
the new consignment about to be re
ceived ma a further gift of the grad
? A fleld artillery laboratory "
opened la the rear of the b
MIGHTY THRUSTS
OF HUN HORDES
HALTED IN ITALY
Teutons Turned Back Between
the Asiago Plateau and
Brenta River.
HARDENED MEN AMAZED
AT BLOODINESS OF FIGHT
Losses Truly Terrible, Though Those
of the Invader Exceed Casualties
in Gen. Diaz's Armies.
Bj the Associated Press.
ROME, November 21.? Powerful
thrust? which were carried out yester
day by the Austro-Germans after heavy
artillery preparation on the Italian moun
tain front from the Asiago plateau to
the Brenta river all failed, the Italian
war office announced today. The text
of the statement reads:
"On the mountain front from Asiago
plateau to the Brenta powerful thrusts,
which the enemy stubbornly carried out
after heavy artillery preparation, all
failed.
"On the plains enemy groups attempt
ing to cross the Piave river in boats
! were thrown into the water by cannon
shots."
Berlin Official Report.
BERLIN, November 24 (via London).?
Italian attacks against the Austro-Ger
man positions west of the Brenta river
and between the Brenta and Piave rivers
yesterday failed, the German war office
announced today.
Armies Losses Are Oreat.
By the Associated Press.
ITALIAN HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTHERN ITALY. Friday, November
23.?The battle of the mountains is
raging with unexampled violence. The
Italians again hold the Monte Tomba
and Monte Pertica positions which
they lost last night. The losses have
been very great, but the enemy's far
exceed those of the Italians.
Brilliant Charges Win.
The recapture of the Italian positions
on Monte Tomba was accomplished by a
succession of brilliant charges which dyed
the snow red and toft the ground piled
2? {rJS?1? dca<^^ntl^l TTSjff
being thrown back. Although the losses
have been terrible, those of the enemy are
by far the greater, owing to the condition
of the fighting field and the desperate
heroism of the Italian troops.
The battle which had been gradually
gathering force in the last few days broke
in full fury early yesterday and raged
throughout the day, the night and today.
The first blow was struck at Monte Per
tica. where dense masses of enemy in
fantry were hurled against the Italians.
The first fighting was extremely violent.
Pertica was lost, then retaken, then lost
again, and then retaken again in such a
whirlwind of enthusiasm as seldom has
been seen before.
Bloody Struggle Results.
But the enemy's greatest blow was
aimed at the strategic key of Monte
Tomba and Monte Monfenera. Here
the full force of two divisions, one
German, the other Austrian, was
hurled in a furious attack on the Ital
ian right wing in an effort to turn
the wing and cut off the army from
its line of communication along the
Piave. Now came one of the bloodiest
struggles of the war. which went on
all last night and today with a steady
succession of attack and counter attack.
What the -outcome will be cannot be
foreseen, but the Italian arms have
again covered themselves with glory
and have snatched back victory when
it was hanging in the balance. Even
the enemy yields tribute to Italian
valor, for prisoners say their forces are
surprised at the resistance met and
disconcerted by the impetuousness and
bravery of the Italian troops.
A high commanding officer on the
field has summarized the fury of the
present battles by declaring he could
not say whom to commend for bravery
as the distinction would require a
medal for the entire force engaged. A
distinctive ribbon for brovery, he said,
would stretch across the Italian front.
What Losses Mean.
The references in these dispatches to
the fearful havoc among regiments,
brigades and divisions should be in
terpreted with the knowledge that the
Italian unit of organization is of such
size that the reduction of an Italian
! regiment to 300 or 400 men means that
upward of 2,000 have fallen. From an
authoritative source this information
is given in regard to the Italian units:
A battalion is 1,000 men, in four
companies. A regiment is 3,000 men
of three battalions. A brigade is 6,000
men of two regiments. A division is
two or three brigades. An army corps
is two or three divisions. It Is this
regimental formation of 3,000 men
which makes it appalling fighting when
only 300 or 400 remain.
Limit to Endurance.
In fact, it is not denied that there is
a limit to human endurance in these
circumstances and that the Italian
I troops which are fighting with such :
I heroic bravery may have to fall back
I to more secure positions, but the pos
sibility of this is diminishing with i
every hour that the resistance contin- |
ues. Reinforcements might yet save
the day, but it should be understood J
that the Italians are fighting their |
battles single-handed and that the al- j
lied reinforcements are not yet repre- !
sented anywhere on the fighting lines, i
The mountain battle, which is now
nearing its highest stage, is one of t
three battles which are going on si- *
multaneously with various degrees of
(Continued, on Second Page.T"
READ
"Somewhere in France"
With Sergt. Empey
Tomorrow
"SHANGHAIED AT SEVEN
TEEN" Is the title ef the first of
this thrilling series (each article
complete In Itself) by an Amer.
lean boy who (ought seventeen
months In the British trenches
and tells the real, unvarnished
truth about "over there."
In the Special Features Section of
TIM Sunday Star.
?
THE -ENEMY'S LIAR AT WORK-DON^ HELP HIM1
COAL FAMINE IS FACED
BY NATIONAL CAPITAL
Fuel Administrator Unable to Learn
Why Railroads Fail to
Move Supply.
The District fuel administration joined
with the public today in wondering:
when the railroads will see fit to move
supplies of coal intended for Wash
ington which are held up in freight
yards near Philadelphia.
Today, with a steadily declining tem
perature, the capital faced a fuel fam
(ine which might develop overnight,
officials said, if snow and cold weather
should set in.
Is Without Information.
The United States fuel administra
tion was today without knowledge of
the whereabouts of the 150 carloads of
coal reported "on the way here" three
days ago. Orders have been steadily
refused by dealers for the past week
and hundreds of empty bins were in as
many District homes today.
All sources of information on coal
movements today "passed the buck" to
the railroads.
Coal Held TJp at Junction.
The supplies of coal billed for "Wash
ington, which have been on the road for
weeks, are being: held up at a junction
near Philadelphia because of "conges
tion," according- to information received
at both the United States fuel adminis
tration offices and the office of the fed
eral fuel administrator for the District.
"The coal situation in the District is
becoming daily more acute," said a high
official today. "The railroads have the
I coal on the tracks, but they are not mov
ing it. Washington should be receiving
fifty cars of coal a day, whereas the
amount coming in is two and three cars
at a time."
RAILROAD CONGESTION
NOW CALLED CRITICAL
Plan for Pooling All Traffic Sys
tems of the Country Discussed
by Officials.
A plan for pooling the entire railway
, equipment and traffic of the United States
was taken up here today at a conference
between government officials and railroad
heads. Congestion has reached a stage,
it is realized, where radical measures
must be put into force if the country's
traffic is to be moved.
The conference was attended by mem- I
bers pf the railroad war board. Robert
S. Lovett, government director of prior
ity of transportation; Fuel Adminis
trator Garfield, Food Administrator
Hoover. Chairman Hurley of the ship
ping board and others.
Although the railroads are handling a
much larger volume of freight and pas
senger traffic than they ever moved be
fore, railroad officials admit that un
less something is done immediately the
lines cannot carry all that Is offered by
the public for transportation.
Joint operations of the roads by the
railroad war board has helped the situ
ation, but all recognize that more must
be done if the problem is to be solved
Even pooling the tracks and equipment
will not be enough, some railroad heads
believe, and they have presented to the
government a list of more than 500
commodities for which they ask that
transportation be denied, on the ground
that their movement is not essential
to the conduct of the war. Railway
congestion is particularly marked in
the east, where most of the big indus
trial plants engaged in war work are
located, and if a pooling plan is put
into operation it may be applied at
first only to eastern roads.
BREAD SHORTAGE IN VIENNA.
Report That City Has Supply for
Only Ten Days.
LONDON, November 24.?Vienna is
threatened with a shortage of grain,
bread and other foods, owing to trans
port difficulties, according to reports
made at a conference of local food or
ganizations and reported by the Neue
Freie Presse and forwarded from Co
penhagen by the Exchange Telegraph
Company.
The population, the newspaper said,
was startled by the statement that Vi
enna only had sufficient bread for the
next ten days. It was said that suffi
cient potatoes were available, how
ever, to allow each person on* and one
'Ml* kjlpgrams xmUK
(. ? ? v 1.. ? . . vJ
V
OBJECTS TO PLAN
OF GOVJHILLIPS
Senator La Follette Wants
People to Choose Deceased
Colleague's Successor.
Senator La Follette of Wisconsin, in
the leading editorial in La Follette's
Magazine, demands that the vacancy
created by the death of Senator Hust
ing be filled by a special election. He
declares his strong opposition to the
proposal of Gov. Phillips that the legis
lature grant him permission to fill the
vacancy by an appointment until the
election. He said, in part:
"Every one wtll understand that an
appointee of. the governor will have
great prestige la The succeeding elec
tion to succeed hlmeelf. Special inter
ests in the Congress are well taken
care of. and the people should have an
opportunity to elect their representa
tive to succeed Senator Husting, who
was a progressive democrat.
Combats Oovtrnor'a Proposal.
"Tlie governor has announced his pres
ent Intention of calling a special session
of the legislature to secure legislation
permitting him to make an appointment,
basing his reasons therefor on the
ground that he does not wish at this
time to give an "excuse for pacifists
and anti-war propagandists to All our
state with their literature and their ad
vocates." and as a further reason that
a special election would cost the people
a large sum of money.
"His first reason is entirely in keep
ing with his attempts to prevent the
exercise of free speech in the state
and is mere camouflage. His second
objection may be overcome by calling
a special election at the time of the'
general April election. If the election
be held in April partisan politics may
be obviated and the people given an
opportunity to consider the selection
wholly on the basis of merit.
States Problem Before Congress, j
"There is no difference in Congress
about supporting the war until an
honorable peace may be obtained, but
the great problem before Congress, and
which so vitally afreets the people's in
terests. is the one of taxation. On this
question the people should have an op
portunity to be heard.
"All progressive citizens, irrespective
of party, should join In an effort to de
feat the scheme for an appointment to
fllj the vacancy."
Senator La Follette's statement that
?there is no difference in Congress
about supporting the war until an hon
orable peace may be obtained" is of
considerable Interest in view of the fact
that on Monday the Senate privileges
and elections subcommittee is to resume
its Investigations into the alleged dis
loyal speech made by Senator La Fol
lette at St. Faul.
Committee to Meet at lO A.M. 1
The committee Is to meet at 10 o'clock I
Monday morning. Only three of the I
five members probably will be in Wash- I
ington for the meeting, it was learned
Senator Pomerene, chairman, and Sena- I
tors James and Dillingham. Senator
Walsh of Montana has telegraphed that
he is indisposed and will not return to
Washington for another week, and Sen
ator Fall of New Mexico has not been
heard from. At his office it was said he
probably would not be here Monday.
PLUMER WILL COMMAND
BRITISH ARMY IN ITALY
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Nvember 24.?Gen. Sir Her
bert Plumer, commander of the 2d
Army Corps, which has been in the
thick of the fighting In the Ypres
battle, has been appointed commander
of the British forces in Italy, It was
officially announced today.
Lieut. Gen. Sir W. R. Marshall has
been named to command the British
forces in Mesopotamia, succeeding MaJ.
Gen. Frederick S. Maude, who died
recently.
EXCESSES INCLUDE HTJBDER.
General Strike in Finland Imperils
Men of Property.
LONDON. November 24.?The general
strike In Finland was approaching con
clusion Wednesday, according to a
Reuter dispatch filed at Helslngfors. on
that date. A number of excesses are
reported, especially In south Finland,
where about twenty-five men of the
propertied class have been murdered.
The situation, the dispatch adds. Is
growing critical for the propertied
classes. The socialists are ariiied with
military rifles and further excesses are
- - ?
? " ? ? ? ? ? - W ? J
SENATOR GALLfNGER IS
FOR SUFFRAGE IN D.C.
Wants the District Bepresented in
Congress and in the Elec
toral College.
"I eha.ll vote for the proposed con
stitutional amendment giving the peo
ple of the District the right to elect
representatives in Congress and to vote
for presidential and vice presidential
electors," said Senator Gallinger of
New Hampshire, the republican leader
of \he Senate, in an interview today.
"Ever since I first came to Congress,
years ago, I have been impressed with
the anomalous position of the people
of the National CapitaL The forefathers
of the country fought the English be
cause of taxation without representa
tion.' Yet that U. Just what exists here,
in WaahlMton, though the population
of th6 biimiHi if'fltAt as some of
the states arid greater than several.
"I do not think that the people of the
states would have the least opposition
to the ratification of the proposed con
stitutional amendment. I know the peo
ple of New Hampshire would have no
objection to it, and I cannot conceive
that the people of the other states would
flght it.
"The people of Washington are entitled
to representation in the body which
makes the laws for them and for the rest
of the country. Congress."
The resolution proposing the consti
tutional amendment granting suffrage
in the District as outlined by Senator
Gallinger is now before the Senate Dis
trict committee and strong efforts will
be made to get favorable action upon
it at the coming session of Congress. It
is this amendment which Washington
is now organizing itself to push to en
actment. The sole purpose of the cit
izens' joint committee on national rep
resentation for the District is to work
for the adoption of this amendment.
PROBE OF SUGAR HOARDING
AND COMBINATION SALES
Reports of sugar hoarding and com
bination sales of sugar with other com
modities by Washington grocers are
under investigation by the District food
administration today.
Dealers who have violated the regu
lations governing the sale of sugar in
the District today face the prospect of
having their licenses taken away if the
reports made to the food administra
tion are proved true. Combination sales
are going to be followed by punishment
to the guilty dealers. This was made
plain by Food Administrator Wilson.
"The sugar situation in Washington
will be acute for some time," said Mr.
Wilson. "Households, hotels and res
taurants should be careful of the supply.
Buying more sugar now than is abso
1 lutely needed is selfishness that shows a
i lack of patriotism."
The food administration has not thus
' far considered seriously the issuance, of
I sugar cards to apportion supplies, it was
I learned on good authority today, and the
'administration is hopeful that the prob
lem of sugar shortage will be solved by
co-operation of the public and dealers
with the food agencies rather than by
the enforcement of autocratic measures.
UNDER WHITE SLAVE LAW.
i
Federal Warrant Out for Negro Re
leased by Got. McCall.
BOSTON, November 24.?Federal au
thorities in Boston, it became known
today have been ordered to arrest John
Johnson, a negro of Charleston, W. Va.,
on a warrant charging violation of the
Mann white slave act. Johnson, who has
been held here on a charge of being a
fugitive, was released Wednesday after
Gov. McCall had refused to grant a
requisition for his return to West Vir
ginia for trial for an alleged attack on
a young white girl.
Search is being made for Johnson,
who is charged with transporting a
woman from another state to West Vir
ginia;
Shop Early
Two small words, but
they mean much to you
?to the people you wish
to favor with acceptable
Xmas gifts and to the
stores that are anxious
to serve you satisfac
torily.
Ambassador Bakhmeteff Tells
U. S. Extremists Do Not
Represent People.
THREE OFFICERS RESIGN
Ambassador Bakhmeteff of Russia
notified the State Department formally
today that the embassy does not recog
nize tho authority of the extremists
now in control of the foreign office at
Petrograd.
In a. letter to Secretary Lansing, fol
lowing the resignation of three of the
chief officers of the embassy to avoid
having relations with the bolsheviki.
the ambassador said the bolsheviki
government was not representative of
the true will of the Russian people and
that he would not recognize that or
any similar government which would
lead the country into non-particlpition
i in the war.
The ambassador added, however, that
he considered himself duty bound to
remain at his post, and would do so,
with a competent staff of assistants.
Three Who Resign.
The three chief officers of the em
bassy here who resigned today are C.
Onou, counsellor; John Sookine. first
secretary, and F. de Mohrenschildt, sec
ond secretary.
Mr. Sookine came to Washington
; with Ambassador Boris Bakhmeteff
after the overthrow of the monarchy
. and has been the ambassador's chief
assistant.
I Mr. Mohrenschildt married Miss Nona
I Haselhurst McAdoo, daughter of the
| Secretary of the Treasury, last May.
I Both he and Mr. Onou were attached
to the embassy before the arrival of
j the new ambassador.
Has Maintained Attitude.
Mr. Sookine, who also is an officer
of the Russian army, and Mr. Nohren
schidt have offered their services to
the American government for the war
against Germany.
The ambassador's letter to Secretary
Lansing fpllows:
"My Dear Mr. Secretary:
. "In connection with the events
which are taking place at present in
Russia I have considered it imperative
to define clearly the attitude which
the embassy has adopted with regard
to further activities.
"From the very outset of the revolt
in Petrograd the embassy has consid
ered a "bolsheviki government* as
anti-national and not representative
of the true will of the Russian people.
"The embassy has, therefore, refused
to accept the authority and has not en
tered into any contract with the group
at present in power in Petrograd. In
the future I will continue in not recog
nizing a *bolshev!1tir or any similar
government, which would break loyalty
ie?a?h^.crountry
Has Maintained Attitude.
''However disorganizing and danger
ous for my country and the common
allied cause might be the passing rule
of the 'bolsheviki.' I have not declined
for a moment the firm attitude of faith
and conviction that even open steps un
dertaken by the 'bolsheviki* for the
j withdrawal of Russia from the war
cannot prejudice of the true spirit of
I the Russian people and of the real de
cisions which the people will adopt
when freed from the temporary rule
of violence, which is endeavoring: ac
tually to bring forth irreparable action.
"A deep and active opposition of all
sound and constructive elements of
Russia is bound to arise. revealing in
positive action the true spirit of the
loyal and national Russia.
"However, it is evident that until
conditions change the Russian embassy
cannot exercise in full measure the
most essential of its duties and activ
ities, which are based on active war
co-operation with the United States
government and the allies. I have au
thorized, therefore, members of the
embassy to follow their natural feeling
in their desire to find other grounds
for their activities.
Duty to Remain at Post.
"As to myself, T consider it my duty to
remain at my post, having to hold firmly
the dignity of national and loyal Russia
and to maintain the responsibility of all
engagements and commitments of the legal
government of Russia which has been in
trusted to me. I will continue to carry
such duties unless another legal repre
sentative recognized as such by the United
States government would take charge of
the representation of Russia after a form
al acceptance of the whole of its func
tions, duties and liabilities.
"In the meantime, defending the symbol
of a national representation of Russia, I
will carry on the current affairs pertain
ing to the manifold matters in which the
Russian government has contracted tight
bonds in the process of war co-operation
with the goveiriment of the United States
and different institutions of this country.
Render All Protection.
"I will endeavor, as well, to render all
possible protection to the interests of the
citizens of Russia in this country arid
will give support to all activities "of in
dividuals and institutions in Russia whose
endeavors are directed to frustrate the
rule of anti-national elements and con
tribute to the revelation of the true spirit
of the country.
"A staff of assistants necessary for
the fulfillment of this task will remain
at the embassy and other Russian in
stitutions in the United States, per
forming the heavy patriotic duty and
contributing through their devotion to
the endeavors which are actually made
in Russia by different departments and
institutions, which, not recognizing
the 'bolsheviki government/ apply all
efforts to oppose its destructive activ
ities by maintaining to the utmost the
war mechanism and preventing the
dangerous disrupture of all elements
of the state.
"Accept, excellency, the renewed as
surances of my highest consideration.
"BORIS BAKHMETEFF."
PERMIT FOB, MEETING DENIED.
Chattanooga Bars Miss Maude
Younger's Public Address.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., November 24.
?City and county officials have refused
permits for Miss Maude Younger, a
member of the national woman's party,
to speak here. Miss Joy Young, who
came here to make arrangements for
Miss Younger, announced she had ob
tained an auditorium In a local hotel,
where Miss Younger is expected to
speak next Wednesday. Foster V.
Brown, a local attorney and formerly
attorney general of Porto Rico, who
was introduced to Miss Young, ar
raigned the methods of the militant
suffragettes, especially their attitude
toward picketing the White House, and
announced he would seek to have the
local bar association take steps to
prevent their speaking here.
The militants, he said, are doing more
to scatter German propaganda than
?nr. othee-organization. .
*??? - i ? -1
CARfilEKS BLAMED
FOR FUEL SHORTAGE
Labor Troubles Also Cited as
Factor in Decreased Output
in Certain Sections.
OFFICIALS STUDY PROBLEH
Analysis of fuel administration ?#<
cials today of the maze of problem*
connected with the fuel shortM*
throughout the country places the har
den of blame upon congestion of the
country's most important railroad lines.
Labor troubles are also cited by the ad
ministration as a factor in decreased
output in certain mining sections.
How far tile government is disposed
to co if necessary to force the con
tinued supply of coal from the mlnee
is evidenced by acts of the fuel ad
ministration within the last twenty
four hours.
Transportation difficulties confront
ing the fuel administration in its effort*
to regulate the movement and distri
bution of coal were discussed yester
day by United States Fuel Adminis
trator Harry A. Garfleld with Hale
Holden, president of the Chicago. Bur
lington and Qulncy railroad, and How
ard Elliot, president of the New York.
New Haven and Hartford railroad.
Maximum Efficiency Soug-ht.
Plans are being worked out. it la
said, whereby the ralloads will unde
take to obtain the maximum efficiency
in the use of the available transporta
tion facilities.
The solution of the transportation
problem was said today by officials to
je the only step between an adequate
supply of coal at the mines and u
equitable distribution among all sec- _
tions of the country.
Acting on this theory Fuel Admin
istrator Garfleld requested the priority
hoard to revoke the order requiring all
coal shipments from "VIfor
fields to go through to the lakes for
transhipment to the
purpose is to divert the coal to re ,
lieve acute shortages in the "J'^dle .
west and New England. The latter
section is suffering most acutely from
it coal shortage, reports to the fuel
administration today Indicated.
Sale by Pooling Possible.
Bv its approval of a producers Pool
formed at Cleveland " handle th?
shipments of mines in Ohio. West Vir
glnia. a part of Pennsylvania and per
haps Kentucky and Tennessee, the gov
ernment gave encouragement to
suggestion from producers that event
u"? government pooling and sale of all
coal mined in this countojs Possible.
Under a government pooling P1*^;
which. If made ??era.tive at aU ?ro?J4
be effective next spring to replace the
shippers' pool, the government would
requisition the entire <?al output. **!?
ing It without profit, the goveramej*
Itself by its priority powers directing
*'If* operators permit labor difficult lee
to cause a suspension of mining tne
government may seize the mines Ma
operate them. This was indlcated In a
message which Administrator Garfleld
sent to Oklahoma operators yesterday.
He told them to keep the mines going
at all hazards and submit cost figure*,
shelving the increased cost of operatln*
the mines now over production ex
penses a year ago. . .
If the operators are not inclined to
accept this suggestion the mines will
be token over by the government for
operation, pending determination ot
cos's: The Oklahoma producers noti
fied the fuel administration that they
would not be able to keep their wag*
increase agreement with miners unlea*
the government allowed 'hem to
charge 45 cents a ton extra To thi*
message Administrator uarfleld eent
the following reply:
Reply of Mr. Garfield.
"Replying to your telegram, will not
consent to change 45 cent increase to
cover increases of wages. If. as total
result, you are unable to operate at *
profit, the way to proceed is to 111*
statements here showing your 191?
total costs, and costs for 1917. mont*
bv month, and meanwhile keep tb*
mines in operation. Alternative will
he to turn over mines to me for' opera?
tion pending determination of coe*"",
In other words, the only way in wMcfc?
the relation of increase of wage* to
increase allowed by President's order*
in prices of coal can now be adjured
is by showingVctual labor costs In ??<*
junction With the total costs aa co?*
pared with earlier period above la--,
'licated. Under no circumstances m**B
mines be closed down."
Michigan operators also w-ere warned
today that the government will tak*
ov-er their mines if they carry out their
threat of refusing to sell coal at gov ,
C N^ly-opened coal mines were jwtj
nnder direct government control by
the fuel administration, which Issued;
regulations governing their operation.
115 ,?S.J5KK>~ S&A <;ji
old mines can be operated more
clently. J,
Clawed aa Newly-Opened Mine*.
classed as newly-openedt
??nPes ?rthose opened before SeptemS
tTor 1 and ready to produce coal by Jan*.,
ulrv 11918 After the mines ar* pro-"]
dncing at the rate of 250 tons a da*
?hev will be permitted to charge
nf il cents a ton above the actual ?
?os?o? production; until then they may
charge only the'present government.
order'dlrectlng preferential move
? fnr roal through Hampton roads
ment for coal inrcrag^ fey water wa, ,
'? ^ Administrator Garfleld today. ;
rsfi apply particularly to coal mined |
it will app > v Many New England.,
ln ,W? , . If. face to face with sue. 1
SCEEPPS MUST EHTE& AKWY. U
Newspaper Director** Claims for
emption Denied at San Diego.
LOS ANGELES, CaL, November Si
Jaroes G. Scrlpps, directing head off
newspapers owned by hla father, EL
Scrlpps of San Dlero, ar.d chairman off
the board of the United Press Ai
tlona and the Newspaper Enterprise A?-(
socdatlon, haa been denied exemption
from military service by the district
exemption board.
The appeal from a San Dlero^boanJ
was filed by his father and Supported ?
by his business associates, who oon- 1
tended he would bo mora valuable to J
the United States aa the ahtaf ?n*<i
tire of the several
freaa serrlcea ;
if

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