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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 24, 1917, Image 2

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TROTZKY SAYS U. S.
WAS MADE TO WAR
. BY CAPITALISTS
Assails Russia's Allies, Indi
cating How Peace Note Has
Been Received.
BOLSHEVIKI PUBLISH
SECRET STATE PAPERS
Radical Foreign Minister Says Slavs
Will Fight if Germany Spams
Proposed Armistice.
8* ti.e Asffociated PrtM.
PETROGRAD, November 23. ? The
text of certain confidential communion
tlons between the Russian foreign of
and foreign governments were
published today by bolshe-vikl and so
cial revolutionist newspapers at the
Instigation of Loon Trotzky. the bol
aheviki foreign minister. Trotxky says
that documents are those of the
ezarlstic. bourgeois and coalition gov
ernments.- and from them "the Rus
sian nation and all nations in the
world must learn ths truth of the
plans secretly made by financiers and
tndcre through their parliamentary
and diplomatic agents."
German and Austrian politician a.
Trotaky declare* may try to make
capital out of these document* bat
he warns that when the German pro
letariat. by means of a rervolution, se
cures access to their chancelleries, they
will find there documents, which will
show up In no better llrbt than those
now published.
United States Action Is Beve&Ied.
One of the documenta published la a
letter, dated September 2< last, from
M. Terestchenko. then Russian foreign
minister, to the Russian ambassador at
Washington. The letter Instructed the
ambassador to express to Secretary
tensing high appreciation of the fact
that the American ambaasador at
Pstrograd, David R. Francis, refrained
?r?? representations by the
f?i ,**, nch and Iullan ambassa
71" ?easures must be taken
1 Increase ** fighting capacity of the
armies. Theletter added thit
this action had a depressing effect in
""uhc\" ^e allies knew the ^er^
Russian government was
exerting toward carrying on the war.
Inclnde Secret Treaties.
?rld_ 411(3 ambassadors In Petro
5JSS1 correspondent In Petrograd of
Si**??:*' Telegraph Company ?
pSwJihed! "eventeen documenta were
Trotzky'g Violent Speech.
wSfSr?s '"??
I^^^S^UecW Le0n
apeeoh, says the council- The
SS? posrtble onfy bv ^T^1- ,was
5^?nce ofttrs^l;:
-fe^d received &
z?:rsr?**\not- HeXa?t b^. ii
5SESE k onJy bri*ht hope beine Ita?v
to her loss?of artlflery1 ^
/oVm8PorCVeLHC&dI
VMS. Imperial.stlc cahlnel^ but the
2S??f,e?ple w'"e ,ook">8 for only a
Ie to eme>-ee fmm
yjf-wHh some claim Vt vtnory Tn nr
war. *tlf> thelr enhance into the
Bays TT. S. Was Forced to Fight.
The tnited States only entered the
war because she was forced into it bv
? ^ J/J i s* Trotzky declared, anil
its she did not desire territo-y she
ESS* would regard with favor a
Russian government composed of
workmen and soldiers.
. 2Vm?ny reJoiced In the further
weakening of the Russian arml"
strength, but Phillpp Scheldemann^
of ,'he social democrat^
ad resolved to declare open op
!!J".'05n to ,,he "erman government
Aftei >, ? d?clare Pe^e, he said.
i~ffi 8 8 audience that all secret
w?uld be Published. Trotzky
?n! ? D anyhow they were not blnd
ISf?0,nheR^bbai?hndpn.e WOUM mng: them
4.?eto^!l%o.^inrroV^n^emr;;
bnthh at riVal government In
* 2? ? 18 convinced that It Is
?*BOft impossible for any government
to hol<^ilt; country together.
Against Separate Peace.
^ f0"nectlon with the order to Gen
JJUkhomn, commander-in-chief of the
ff i?i>tnCy to open negotiations for
fill armistice with the encmv
JKlTi The Pr?sy Iruer
vlewed I.eon Trotzky. the bolshevllri
**re-En rninj?ter Trotzky emphatically
declared that the soldiers' and ?!rl<7
men's government was agalnSt a ?e?
^rate peace with Qermanv. He voiced
'?? conviction that Russia's inlUaMve
In offer ng peace will he supported bv
the proletariat of all countries allied
??* belligerent, which will make lm
possible a continuation of the war even
offer * eovernment3 <5? ?ot accent The
Lr^.at ar* the plans ?nd intention*
Pi your Kovernm^nt?" th* corrVVrwl?2
fnt inquired. rorrespond
Plans of the Radicals.
*The plans and intentions of th?
mmmm
SS a*!? fronti for tl mediate
"Muol'oi a-u^S^KSSL
?iium of organized workmen ???
Sgwrwsd&w?
Sixth, the convocation r.f .
uent assembly which wield* i? co"stlt"
'trough the medium of thi 'V^.SS
i'nd workmen's deputies n?2
iiolntS*d'^te.0''' on^an aT
Peace Offer Already Made.
rZV h^r been" al"
1 raasferrln* the land to t ? "ecree
'?as been lssuei ,he Pea?*nts
Sra.".r did 'h' revolution
22 ? *J2 every grround to think
? peace will make lm
MASONIC GREETING
TOimiM
Features of the Program
Scheduled for Convention
Hall This Evening.
Masonic Rally Tonight
Convention Hall
In Honor of Men in Uniform
Band Concert, 7130 to 8.
Speakers include Speaker
Clark, Secretaries Baker
and Daniels, distinguished
officers of the allies and the
United States Army.
Everybody Welcome.
All 1s ready tor the big M*?on'=
rally tonight at Convention Hall, to he
held under the auspices of the Masonic
fraternity of the District of Columbia
in general and of the Ashlar Club of
Master Masons of the State,
Navy Departments and the White
House in particular, for the boys who
wear the uniform of Uncle Sam.
The Ashlar Club will hold a brief
meeting at 7 o'clock and the big cele
bration will open promptly at ? o clock.
There will be a concert, given by tM
Masonic fraternity and KalllPoU*
Grotto bands, between 7:30 and S ocJock.
Paat Grand Master J. Claude Kelper
win preside and make the Introductory
address. and Rev. Hugh T. Stevenson,
grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of
Masons of the District, will pronounce the
invocation.
The speaking, which will be varied with
patriotic songs by the
nf Fort Meade, under the direction ox
Lieut. E. W. Jordan; the <
to Glee Club, under Carles A. Stevens,
and singing by the audience, un Cn
direction of J. Walter HumphreJ^wia be
opened with an address J>y Jainej w.
Wltten, grand master of Masons^ of the
District, who will be followed in turn by
Judge George Fleming Moore, ?over?1*?
grand commander of the Scottish'
the Southern Jurisdiction of the J-?1**
States: Newton D. Baker, Secretary or
War; Josephus Daniels. Secretary of the
Navy: Champ Clark. Speaker of the
House of RepresentativM; Arthur Bris
bane and distinguished officers of the
Xd nations and ttaU-ltjd State*
\mone the last named will be Cap* J
Rouvier of the French arroy, who has
spent three years J* hla iS^aSd^S
in Europe, has been wounded and haa
cmbMsyfS Z C. Mt^. ml"^
H wide reputation aa "the orator of the
United States Army."
Reception for Uniformed Ken.
The boys In kbakl and those who may
wear other uniforms of the UHlted
service, upon their entry int? the ball,
will be received by a notable reception
committee, made up en^ly of promi
nent officers of the Cnlted_StaU? A-nmy
ind headed by Col. Louie T. HesjTnle
committee will comprise the following
'cSt^Louis T. Hess, U. S. A.; Cot J. S.
Pair. Q. M- CI; Lieut Col Irs. uJKWJ*
rj 8 A . Lieut. Oek Jamee _W- Van
Dusen. M C.; Lieut Cot Henry C.
? c. > Lieut. CoL Joseph F.Janda, A. G..
Lieut. Col. William T. Johnson. A. Q..
Hajs. L. W. Chappelear. A. G.; E*ra D^
l i-' Q M C.: w. T. Jones. A. G.. J. S.
Jones, AG.; Louis E. Wllsotu N. G.: W.
r Bates, U. S. A.; J. W. Fukii\ Q- 51 C- >
o. Zollars, Q. M. C ; D. li. Mitchell,
n m r ? J W Florida. Q. M. C.. " 11*
iiam^D Sesile, Q. M. C.; Jt A. Champllnj
3. M. C.: Capts. John H. Adams. Q. U.
r* ? Francis Bangert, Q- M. O-. Albert
a! ' Roby S. C.; William M. Britton, ^
M a? Leonard X. De.trick. a M. O
Jonas F. Bitterman. Q. M. C... R ^Her
man Q. M. C.; P- N. Merzlg, Q. M. C.;
R. J. Emery. Q- M. C.; A3fn& w
Q M. C.; Charles E. Speaks, Q . M. C..
Earl Rosemere, Q. M C.; Otto Engleman,
Q. it C.: Robert Harper, Q M. &,
Henrv Shirley, Q. M. CL; F. Long. Q. M.
C ? H. G. Collins, Q. M C.; F. Staples,
0 ' M. C : H. Ullmer, Q M C.; G. B.
McGary Q M. C ; A. W. Pollitt. Q. M
C H%' Ross, Q M C.; M. S. Cooper.
Q. Jt C.; J- 2. Linoieer. Q. M C., Gapt.
F w. Charles. Q. M C.
Lieuts. Merle C. Leonard. C. A. C..
Alton P. Hastings, M. C.; Olin W.
Roakes, M. C.; C. M. Exley. Q. M. C.;
Cordon Laughhead, Q. M. C.; Jess Hen
lev Q. M. C.: H. O. Young, Q. M. C.,
Ilrandt. Q. M. C.: R. T. Gibson. Q. M. C.;
i,vons Q. M. C-: Hubbard. Q. M- C., C.
D. McCready. Q. M. C.; J. R. &ho*~
maker. Q. M. C.; Krueger. Q. M. C..
Lewis Andrews. Q. M. ^ -1_B?nn,e.t ??
Ault. Q. M. C.; August Barth. Q. M. C.,
E. W. Ba^sett, Q. M. C.; John Cervenka,
Q M C ? O. H. Danielson. Q. M. C.; John
C.' Doby'ne. Q. M. C.: D. R. win ton. Q.
M. c.: William Pruett, Q. M. C ; W ? J-j
Vinson. Q. M. C.; Snyder. Q. M B.
F. Haskins. Q. M. C; William E. Bar-|
ton Q. M. C.: William Rand, Q. M. C.;!
R. W. Knoefel. Q. M. C.: C E. L^hrn
berg Q. M. O.; Roy Penniwell, Q. M. O.,
A Raynor. Q. ^1. C., and G. W. Sieger,
q' M. C.. and First I.teuts. Caloin R.
Webber Q M. Robert E. Cook. Q.
M C C. E. Prior, Q. M. C? and F. B.
Jones, Q. M. C.
Grand Master's Announcement.
The official program of the evening,
which also contains the word* of a num
ber of the songs to be sung in concert by
the audience, including America. The
Star Spansled Banner T^he Battle
Hi-mn of the Republic and Sons of
America." will include an announcement
by Grand Master Witten. giving public
expression of hi. appreciation of the
Ashlar Club, which Is composed largely
of men in the War and Navy establish
ments. which first conceived the idea, of
the mammoth meeting to honor the boys
In uniform and had completed arrange
ments therefor, but "actuated by the
true Masonic spirit, waived all claims
of priority and transferred its entire
program for the benefit of the entire
Masonic fraternity."
It had originally been intended to have
dancing as a part of the evening s en
tertainment. but this was finally aban
doned because of the immense audience
expected. No cards of admission of any
kind will be required of any one and the
scope of the welcome and entertainment
has been broadened so as to admit not
only all Masons but their friends as well.
Again it is announced that no con
tributions of any kind are to be so
licited, but the evening is to be devot
ed exclusively to the entertainment of
Uncle Sam's fighting boys in every
branch of the service, and the release
1 of the full patriotic spirit demanded
by the present crisis In which the na
, Hon finds itself Involved.
Committees in Charge.
The executive committee in charge of
the event Includes Hubert G. McLean,
president of the Ashlar Club, chairman;
lames W. Wltten. grand master of
Masons, ex officio: George Fleming
Moore sovereign grand commander of
the Scottish Rite for the Southern
Jurisdiction: J. Claude Kelper, past
grand master; John H. Cowles. secre
tary general of the Supreme Council of
the Scottish Kite, Southern Juriadte
tlon- John G. Hodges, president of the
Masonic Masters' Association for 1917:
L, Whiting Estes. potentate of Almas
Temple of the Mystic Shrine, and
Kdward 8. Schmld. grand monarch of
the Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets.
The subcommittee chairmen include
William H. Richardson. Invitations to
distinguished guests: Abram R. Wln
jate, finance: J. Walter Humphrey,
music; George M. Evans, printing; W.
H Landvoigt. publicity; Henry Lans
burgh, hall and decorations; Ma). Ray
mond W. Pullman, public safety, and
IgWUrU S. '
BLAZED THE WAY FOR BRITISH DRIVE.
"Qaartet" of British tank* with everything set, waiting the word to move forward and take the center of the flghtlnf stage. Typo of war machlaery which
played an Important part In the great advance by British troops.
MIGHTY THRUSTS
OF HUN HORDES
HALTED IN ITALY
(Continued from First Page.) j
intensity. These are, first, the battle j
of the Piave river, which is the extreme ]
right of the Italian line; second, the
battle of the Asiago plateau, which is
the extreme left, and third, the battle
of Grappa mountain, which is the
center.
The battle's fury at Monte Tomba ex
ceeds anything that has thus far taken
place on that front.
Up and down the slopes this fearful
carnage is proceeding and four at
tacks have been swept back over the
Italian lines, over heaps of enemy dead.
Only at one point has the enemy suc
ceeded in making headway with his
overwhelming numbers and here the
Italians have given ground with the
final issue still in doubt.
Bloodiness Beyond Precedent.
A detailed description of this most |
decisive engagement has been given
the correspondent by an eyewitness
Just returned from the battlefield. He
is hardened to these scenes from re
cant experiences, but says that the
bloodiness of the struggle now going
on is beyond all precedent.
Against the enemy reserves hurled in
mass formation the Italians have in
terposed such heroic resistance that
some regiments are reduced to three
and four hundred men. The position at
one point was almost encircled on three
sides, so that the enemy artillery fire
swept a cross fire through the Italian
trench lines and batteries. It was this
which required a falling back of about
live hundred yards until decimated
ranks could be reformed for the final
charge.
The Basillcata, Calabria and Alpine
brigades suffered most in this storm.
Three battalions of Alpinl were almost
wiped out of existence.
Dead Piled in Heaps.
But the enemy paid dearly for their
first advance and did not enjoy it long.
German and Austrian dead were piled
up in heaps. Their trenches dlsap
neared in the fury of the artillery ac
tion. The Italian lines over great
stretches of ground were strewn thick
with bodies of Germans and Aiwtrians.
In one section where there were thir
ty Italian officers, twenty-seven were
killed and wounded, but the remaining
three fought the battle for the thirty.
Mountain batteries had been secured
In mountain emplacements, and as the
fight ebbbed and flowed over these po
sitions, the Italians not only brought
back the guns, but even the wheels
and the limbers, their pride not per
mitting a vestige to fail into the hands
of the enemy.
The first army also Is sustaining a
heavy fight west of Brenta river, where
the enemy rush has been repulsed by
the splendid resistance of the Italians.
Deeds of Daring Becorded.
The Count of Turin, commander of
the Italian cavalry, in the recent re
treat. has given out a written review
of the deeds performed by his men.
Many Instances of individual daring
are recorded.
A corporal of the Florence lancers
was ordered to explore a zone near
Cividale. Going forward, he saw a
large party of Italians held prisoner
by the enemy. He returned and gath
ered a force of cavalry which released
the imprisoned party and brought them
back. In another case Fiedmontese
cavalry, after being surrounded, broke
through the enemy lines, but the col
onel commanding failed to escape. He
was the only man left Inside the enemy
circle, and he was seen to take his
stand against a wall, probably prefer
ring death to being made a prisoner.
The fate of the Caserta cavalry, which
dismounted and fought afoot, and of their
fellow dragoons also is recounted, mak
New Italian Commander-in-Chief.
[First photograph ?( Ge?. Diss* who to
rated a? one of the ablest military lead
ers* and has been connected with the
general staff for years. He took part In
the Libyan war, serving: as a colonel.
He waa wounded mo severely that he
asked to he wrapped In a flag, fearing
that hl? death wan pending. He has
rendered distinguished net?Ice 1a the
present war. Gen. Diaa I* from sooth-'
in^ this recital one of the most stirring
chapters of the recent operations.
Like Old-Time Chronicle.
The document, which was issued by the
authority of the Count of Turin, reads
like an old-time chronicle of chivalry, yet
it is only a plain statement of events
that have just transpired.
The count is tall and slim and as straight
as an arrow. He is alert In movement
as though a bundle of nerves. His sharp
ly cut features are accentuated by a
smooth-shaven face that suggests King
Alfonso of Spain. Today he wore the
uniform of a general of cavelry, with the
royal crown between the two stars on his
sleeve.
The count was with his cavalry division
throughout the six days and nights on
the drive westward from the Isonzo front,
when the third army was protected, until
it was re-formed along the present Piave
line, and the recital of events authorized
by the count gives some of the extraor
dinary experiences of the cavalry.
"The Italian cavalry," says the state
ment, "proved worthy of the high confi
dence the country Imposed in it. No man
hesitated, though in the saddle for long
hours under the exhausting rain and ex
posed to the cold of the nights without
shelter. Conscious of its mission as a
corps of sacrifice, it pressed through the
army moving to the rear and awaited the
advance of the enemy masses.
Explosion Destroys Men. '
"Two cavalry regiments waited in the
open the approach of the invaders. Both
colonels had their horses killed under
them. Then the enemy army attempted
an enveloping movement. Against this
menace two squadrons of the Montferato
cavalry were thrown and were steadily
pressing the enemy back when an explo
sion of one of our ammunition depots, that
: had been abandoned by us, nearly de
j stroyed the squadrons in their entirety,
i Men, horses, swords, bombs and gre
! nades flew skyward under the force of the
explosion. It was only then the remnant
of this heroic band fell back."
Another cavalry brigade, the statement
continues, received orders to hold a vil
lage at any cost. The first rush of the
enemy was mowed down by machine gun
fire, "but their losses were made up by
fresh and increasing numbers of troops
and an infinite supply of machine guns."
"The air," the statement goes on, "re
sounded as with the sound of kettle
drums, while the flying bullets sounded
like swarms of hornets. Dismounting
from his horse, one of our generals led a
regiment afoot in an assault with the
bayonet. For a moment the enemy was
turned back, but more enemy masses,
thick as ants, returned. Their certainty
of their prey made them an insistent as
wolves on the prairie against an isolated :
horse.
Officer Shoots Himself.
"Officers, men and horses were fall
ing; the ammunition epent and no re
inforcements behind. Having held for
many hours, this brigade felt lte task
accomplished, but it would not fall back
and leave one man a prisoner. A major,
wounded, and therefore not able to be
transferred when the order came to
abandon the village. 6hot himself dead
before his troops after having saluted
them."
A charge by the famous White
Lancers, which were trained in the
Count of Turin's cavalry school and of
which he is a former colonel, receives
special attention in the statement.
"A large patrol of the Novare
Lancers," says the statement, "was en
veloped and under a crossfire. The
White Lancers wheeled on horse and
charged in the face of the machine
guns. Charge followed charge until j
the colonel and all the commanders but
one had fallen and the last horse was
down. Thus fell the lancers, wounded,
dead or inevitable prisoners, but all of
them were conscious of having accom
plished their entire duty with the proud
(dignity of true cavaliers."
E
ARE ORDERED 10 JAIL
Judge Waddill Decides to Transfer
Twenty-Six Women From Occo
quan?Government to Appeal.
ALEXANDRIA. Va.. November 24.?
Judge Edmund Waddill today decided
that the twenty-six woman pickets who
have been in the District workhouse at
Occoquan should be transferred to the
District of Columbia jail. This transfer
was asked in the writ of habeas corpus
sued for.
Counsel for the government gave no
tice of an appeal from the judgment to
day.
The opinion was handed down by
Judge Waddill shortly before noon aft
er hearing the argument of United
States District Attorney Richard Mann.
This afternoon the attorneys repre
senting the women expect to take up
charges of alleged cruel treatment re
ceived by the women while at the work
house.
The women to be transferred from
Occoquan to the District jail are
charged with unlawful assemblage in
front of the White House.
The afternoon session yesterday was
taken up with arguing the constitu
tionality of sending the women to Oc
coquan instead of to the District jail.
When court adjourned at 5 o'clock
the women were paroled until this
morning in the custody of their coun
sel. The women received the parole
joyfully, as many of them expected
they would have to return to Occoquan
last night.
No Effect on Future Prisoners.
Commissioner Brownlow stated to
day that the decision of Judge Wad
dill. sending the woman's party pickets
back to the District jail from Occo
quan, would have no effect on the send
ing of prisoners to the District work
house In the future. The Commis
sioner explained that Judge Waddill's
decision was based on the point that
the pickets had been sent there on oral
orders only, and did not affect cases
where prisoners are transferred on
written order.
The office of the corporation counsel
of the District will appeal the case, in
volving prisoners transferred on oral
orders, to the circuit court of appeals.
Baised to Grade of Captain.
Lieut. U. a. B. Martin of SOS New
York avenue, this city, ha? just been
promoted to the grade of captain In the
Medical Reserve Corps of the Army and
placed in command of Ambulance Com
pany 397, In the 9Sd Division at Camp
Funaton, Kan. Capt. Martin Is a gradu
ate of Howard Unlveralty In this city
and took a'course of military lnstrue
?t the camf^of Instruction for eel.
BRITISH EXTENDING
LINE NEAR CAMBRAI;
HOLDING ALL GAINS
(Continued from First Pagej
great concentration of machine gun?.
The British had no alternative but to
charge the position up the slopes, a-1}"
this they did. The crest was gained In
the fare of a heavy fire and desperate
bayonet fighting followed.
The Ulsterites hurled themselves on the
Germans with such fury that the latter
were compelled to desert their machine
guns and abandon the hill, and many of
them were shot down as they fled north
ward along the canal. A large number
of prisoners were captured In the dug
outs, on the hill and beside the canal.
This flght occurred at 8 o'clock Tuesday
morning.
Begin to Build Bridges.
Meanwhile German machine tuns on
the eastern side of the canal were given
much trouble, and as soon as the high
bank was captured British engineers be
gan building bridges over the waterway In
order to give a crossing to the Infantry.
They undertook to have these bridges
completed by i o'clock, and by a re
markable piece of work the task w?s ac
complished. Previously they had repair
ed a causeway In the same vicinity and
the troops were able to get over the canal
to the eastern bank. The Irish Infantry
was then advancing northward on both
sides of the canal, with the main Cam
brai-Bapaume highway as their Immediate
objective.
During the afternoon the Irish were
held up temporarily because of the
shortage of ammunition near a sunken
road, southwest of Gralncourt, where
the Germans were established in con
siderable force. This position was
rendered doubly strong by a machine
gun concentration north of Gralncourt
which could sweep the British lines
near the canal. The ammunition came
up and the British charged forward
again. They overcame the resistance
south of the Cambral-Bapaume high
way.
Electric Lights in Dugouts.
The Germans then were firing with
machine {runs down across the Cam
bral road. Hand-to-hand fighting oc
curred mt positions below the road,
but the Germans finally were forced
to withdraw. Dugouts lighted by elec
tricity were found in the chain of de
fenses along the highway. By 6:10
o'clock In the evening the Irish troops
had crossed the Cambral-Bapaume
highway on both sides of the canal
and taken a stand south of Moeuvres.
This was the situation here at the end
of the first day's fighting.
Wednesday morning the British
pushed forward, this time having the
support of a certain amount of ar
tillery. Moeuvres was strongly held
but the Irish stormed the defenses with
bombs and forced their way half
through the village. Here they came
up against a heavy barricade which
they took with the bayonet and for a
time drove the Germans out of the
village. In the afternoon the Germans
approached from the east side of the
canal for a counter attack, but this
was smashed by machine gun and rifle
lire.
Later In the afternoon the German
artillery opened up and heavily shelled
the trenches held by the British Bouth
of Moeuvres.
Sudden Counter Attack.
| Thursday morning the Irish were
I holding most of Moeuvres and the east
j hank of the canal. In the afternoon
i the Germans delivered a sudden coun
| ter attack from the north, and after
hand-to-hand fighting through the
streets and among the houses they
forced the British to withdraw to the
southern outskirts. This morning the
Irish again surged forward against
the town and at an early hour had
worked their way around toward the
north.
In the Gralncourt section, on the
right of the Irish, remarkable work
was done by cavalry on the first day.
The horsemen had swept forward and
captured Anneux by Tuesday evening.
This represented an advance of about
7.000 yards, which Is said to be a rec
ord for one day.
Two sauadrons of horse accomplished
the downfall of Anneux and captured
It between 4 and 5 o'clock In the even
ing. This place was found to have a
system of catacombs under the church,
and these were held by the Germans,
who had an electric power station for
lighting. An elaborate battalion head
quarters fell Into British hands.
During Tuesday night the Germans
counter attacked Anneux with troops
which had Just been brought from the
Russian front. A strong battle took
place and the British withdrew. Wed
nesday morning the British again at
tacked Anneux and recaptured it.
Trench Camouflaged.
Proceeding northward the British
drove the enemy from the trenches near
the edge of Bourlon wood. This trench
was so remarkably well camouflaged!
that no sign of it was visible until the '
British saw German faces apparently
coming out of the ground. A hand-to
hand battle began. Later the British
were forced to withdraw slightly be
cause of heavy machine gun fighting
from Bourlon village. Yesterday morn
ing the British again attacked the
trench with the assistance of tanks and
established their line around the
southern face of the wood.
The troops which captured Flesquleres
and Cantalng encountered hard resist
ance at the former place the first day
' of the offensive. Tanks led the lnfan
I try In the attack, but the Germans with
the assistance of heavy guns held out
the whole of Tuesday In the face of
strong attacks.
Germans Forced Out.
Wednesday morning the British again
attacked and this time forced the Ger
mans from the village after taking
their guns. Wednesday the advance
was rapid. Strong resistance was en
countered at the sunken road between
Marcoing and Gralncourt and very
heavy machine gunfire from the direc
tion of Cantalng and Bourlon wood.
The British, however, battled their
way forward with rifles and bayonets,
and by noon had forced an entrance
Into Cantalng. Wednesday night the
advance continued and an assault was
made on Fontaine Notre Dame. The
Germans battled determinedly here and
there was very hard fighting at close
quarters before the British finally
drove the enemy out.
The British remained In possession
of Fontaine until shortly after noon
yesterday, when the Germans mads a
heavy counter thrust and again oc
cupied the town. However, the British
were forced to withdraw only a short
distance, and still hold the ground
from Cantalng to the south of Bourlon
wood. The story of the fighting at
Marcoing and Masnleres already has
been told and this completes the euro
mary of the operations before Cam*
brai sines Tuesday morning.
There was. however. MMi
tm a* u? W
court. The main objective here was
the famous tunnel trench, an under
ground fortification of great strength
about 2,000 yards long. The entire
trenoh was mined, as the British well
knew, and behind It the Germans had
dug 1,000 yards of support trfench.
Many concrete pill boxes also rein
forced the trench defenses.
For a month the British had been
keeping the Germans nervous by put
ting down smoke barrages and em
ploying gas. The enemy has become so
accustomed to this that when the Brit
ish started a flurry of frunfire at dawn
Tuesday the Germans thought it was
more of the same thing and they were
caught unawares. The greatest danger
which the attackers faced was the pos
sibility of the mines being blown up
and they knew this must be avoided.
Accordingly they took along a body of
expert tunnel men. By good fortune
they mastered the secret of the mines
and cut the lead wires. This enabled
the British infantry, which swarmed
Into the trenches, to prevent the enemy
from setting off the explosives.
Battle to the Death.
A hot fight took place in the tunnel.
Many Germans battled with bayonets
to the death and 400 enemy bodies were
counted after the conflict In addition,
more than 700 prisoners were taken.
Further evidence of the German un
preparedness for an offensive in the
Caxnbral sector was obtained today In
the capture of an order drawn up by
a German battalion commander the
day before the attack. It was his sum
mary of events for a week and he drew
this conclusion:
"The attitude of the enemy clearly is
one of defensive."
This commander was stationed in the !
forward area, and It is quite apparent
he did not know what was going on. It
is also evident that the higher com
mand had no information or it would
have Informed him.
Germans Reinforced.
The Germans called upon every pos
sible source to get troops to withstand
the British attack. By raking many
places in their line they apparently
were able in the first forty-eight hours
of fighting to bring in only two new
divisions and some five-odd battalions.
Today another division was brought up
from the Aisne front and the 119th Di
vision from Flanders.
Owing to the British artillery work
there Is little doubt that the Germans
will be forced to abandon Cambrai as
a rail head for bringing up troops.
A later report from Bourlon wood
Just as this dispatch is being filed said
that the British attack there was pro
gressing well.
Tanks Demonstrate Power.
The tanks have demonstrated fully
their power in saving the lives or men
and In conserving ammunition. The
casualties among the Infantry which
followed the tanks Into action were ex
ceedingly light. The correspondent has
heard that two battalions, for instance,
had only one casualty each and that an
other suffered the loss of only three
men. This is almost unprecedented in
an attack of such magnitude.
The casualties among the crews of
the tanks also were very light on the
opening day, which is the only one for
which reports have thus far been re
ceived. It la impossible to state how
many tanks were in action, but there
were several hundred, and out of all
the men who went forward in them It
appears that fewer than twenty were
killed and fewer than 100 wounded.
Many of these casualties were due to
the fact that men left the tanks to per
form some work in the open, where
they came under the fire of snipers'
guns. One tank deliberately charged
a 5.9-lnch gun and cleaned out Its crew
with Its machine guns.
Tanks Fight Methodically.
Cantaing fell before one tank, which
never had seen action until that time. It
charged into the village, making It un
tenable by the vigorous action of its
guns. Twelve tanks led the wav into
Marcoing. Their crew3 previously had
studied maps and been assigned posts,
and the tanks went about the business
methodically, each one taking up the
position designated. These twelve mova
ble forts completely organized the place.
At Ribecourt the tanks arrived just as
the Germans were sitting: down to break
fast. The crews of the tanks got their
morning meal from the food prepared for
the enemy. These are not the only places
which tanks assisted in taking. They
have been swarming over the whole great
territory annexed by the British, and
when the full story of their exploits is
told it will make remarkable history.
Thirty British Tanks
Shot to Pieces Before
Fontaine, Says Berlin
By th? Associated Press.
BERLIN", November 24.?British at
tacks on the Cambral front in France
yesterday were repulsed in front of
Bourlon, Fontaine and La Folle Wood,
it was announced today by the German
war offlce. The statement adds that
thirty British tanks which were ehot
to pieces He before Fontaine alone.
Southwest of Cambral, the statement
says, the English again sought a deci
sion. A strong attack on Inchy and
desperate assaults against Moeuvres
ANSWERS IN JUNCTION SUIT.
Emile Beauvais. Hair Dresser, Re
plies to William Zentler.
Emile Beauvais, hair dresser, of 1213
Connecticut avenue northwest, today
filed answer to the Injunction proceed
ings brought against him by William
Zentler. to prevent the use of the name
"Georges and Emile" In connection with
his business. The defendant admits
that he sold his business to Zentler for
J4.000. but later purchased from Zent
ler for JI.250 the right to re-enter busi
ness.
He denies that he advertised that he
conducted business as Georges and
Emile and says he used the words
"formerly of" In connection with all
his advertisements. Attorneys Bran
denburg & Brandenburg represent the
defendant.
For Benefit of College Hen Soldier*.
LONDON. Novembtr 24.?The authori
ties of Cambridge University are per
fecting arrangements to enable uni
versity men with the American Army
In France to spend periods of short
leaves at Cambridge. They will be
lodged at the various colleges, with the
privileges of regular students. It Is un
derstood that Oxford will make a simi
lar arrangement.
Imprisonment for life has been Im
posed on Charles Kdouard Monatte, on*
of the alleged dynamiters arrested in
?Bsntlos with the attempt to hlow up
While pledge distributers were re
canvassing many sections of Washing
ton today to secure signers to food
pledge card? officials and employes
of the District food administration
pored over returns from subdivision
leaders. At 1 o'clock today more than
25,000 cards had been received and
filed by clerks and estimates placed the
number of cards to be reported late
today and tonight at a third of this
"'"Reorganisation of canvassing fences
for a renewed drive on District house
holds Monday was considered
officials. A follow-up
Instituted by mall to secure signatures
after the campaign of a house-to-house
canvass by volunteer workers comes to
"'That'the number of homes
fore the campaign Is formally
Tuesday will be equal to the
/made at the beginning of the drive wa?
assured today in a statement by Dls
trlct Food Administrator Wilson
"Checking up on reporta received Uius
fax Is keeping busy the forces of this
office today." he said, "but the campalfii
will be continued with unabated vlgor
Monday. The follow-up system which
has been arranged will adequatelytaJte
care of the households which not
1 been reached by the canvassers.
Thousand Cards by M&iL
i Fully a thousand pledge cards wcr?
i received through the mail this rooming |
by the administration. These were |
i pledges left In homes by workers, who
i failed on repeated visits to find the
[household heads at home.
Even though today is moving day for
the District food administration, the
pledge campaign machinery was undis
turbed. Th6 force is being moved from
1439 K street northwest to new head
quarters, 901 16th street n?j;thwest.di
rectly opposite the Gordon Hotel, which
formerly housed the nationalfoodad
ministratlon. Moving will be completed
t0Vofunteers came forward today to of
fer their services to the administration
to finish the work of the campaign next
week. As fast as these workers can be
classified they will be assigned to sub
divisions and given lists of homes to
visit. The task of making a personal
call at every District household Is prov
ing a big Job. even with more than a
thousand distributers at work. With
the reorganization of forces Monday
and the adoption of a mail system to
reach absentees, officials are confident
the work can be wholly completed by
Tuesday.
MUSI APPEAR FOR TRIAL
AT APRIL TERM OF COURT
Edward L. Mahoney, proprietor of
the Prince Georges House at Bladens
burg, who-was arrested after selling a
pint of liquor to Sheriff Gates, in order
to test the constitutionality of the re
cent act of the Maryland legislature
making Prince Georges county "dry." is
at liberty today under bond to appear
for trial at the April term of court.
In denying Mahoney s application for
a writ of habeas corpus. Judge Huis
ler at Ealtimore yesterday said that the
petitioner had not definitely made it
clear in his mind that the law was un
constitutional. that if there were any
doubt upon the question the constitu
tionality should be sustained.
1 There is no appeal from the court s;
decision, although the question can
be tested by habaes corpus sued out
before any number of courts in the
state or bv equity proceedings. Ma
honey was remanded to the custody of
th^ sheriff, but was released almost im
mediately on bail.
Wayne B. Wheeler of general counsel
for the Anti-Saloon League of America
made the opening argument In favor
of the constitutionality of the law and
he was followed by S. MaryinPeart,
| state's attorney for Prince
county. James C. Rogers of Hyatts
ville represented the citizens
lance association of the county. Robert
Wells attacked the constitutionality
of the law.
Contention and Decision.
Attorneys for Mahoney contended 1
rhat under the si-teenth amendment to
The state constitution of Maryland an
act of legislature becomes effecti\e on
Tune 1 following the date of passage
f the act except where the measure
an ?"mergencv"Pmeasure. did not say
rt, actual text of the law, and ,
the petitioner declared Ittherefore not
e?udgeeHUeuislerUn|n giving his decision
L3f once^thif court considered that there
was enough -nstitution.-tl^ground ^n
IfSHolrtlo^phol'd" the ?2$
and3then let the court of'aPpealiVntl'ly' 1
pass upon the case. .
DISTRICT Y. W. C. A. i
TO RAISE $20,000
War Work Council Seeks Fund
for Maintaining "Host
ess Houses."
A mass meeting will be held at the
home of the lflsses Child*. Connecti
cut avenue and Irving street, tomorrow
at 4 p.m. to outline plana for the rate
lug of $20,000. Washington's share of
the $4,000,000 war budget asked for by
the war work council of the Yotm?
Women's Christian Association. Among:
the speakers will be Mrs. Howard
Hughes of Trenton, N. J? who has been
sent to Washington to assist the loeal
members of the council in their work
in this city. The fund is for the pur
pose of erecting and maintaining "hos
tess houses" at the various camps and
cantonments in this oountry where
relatives and friends of soldiers in
training may find a place to meet tba
men in uniform.
Another of the major purposes of
the fund is the finding and if necessary
I the erection of suitable living places
for girls employed in munition fac
tories. both In this country and in
Europe. These girls, it is said, frequent
ly have no adequate place in which to
live and are afforded no recreation
place.
Writes of Difficulties.
Miss Elizabeth Boes. in charge of th*
cafeteria undertaken in Petrograd.
Russia, for the women there, writes
of the difficulties met in carrying out
the program of the war work council.
She says:
"There has been a little shooting on
the Nevsky. in the same block with,
us, this morning. It aroused only a?
much Interest as a small fire. They
have promised all sorts of excitement*
but nothing happens.
"This whole month has been occu
pied with getting our permissions from
the government, and tonight we have
received our first two. Our first per
mission is for Miss Marcia O. Dun
ham and Miss Clara Taylor to bring
five pounds of tea from Japan. Tea is
7 rubles a pound. It can only bo
bought by standing In line and then a.
half pound at a time. They say that
it will soon be 20 rubles a pound.
"We are freezing and it Is still Sep
tember, and not supposed to be cold at
all. Part of the trouble is that we have
not proper clothing and It Is the trying
in-between season before fires are start
ed. We upset all precedents yesterday^
and Insisted upon having the huge old.
Russian stove heated for our first Sun^
day afternoon at home.
Was Quite a Social Affair.
"It was quite a social affair. CapL
terfeldt from Siberia, MaJ. Thayer, head
of the Red Cross commission out here*
Countess Panin, one of the Toung Men's
Christian Association, and my cousin.
Miss Breck brought some butter from
Siberia so that we could serve bread
and butter. We had hard knubby chunks
of fried brown bread. Miss Spencer said
we were like dogs gnawing a bone.
"I am writing this to let you know
how important it is that we know by
what way the next secretaries are com
ing and where we can reach them by
telegram, because of the Imperative
need of bringing in tea. When we have
the association opened and the lunch
room running we shall have a carload
of things that we shall need from Ja
pan. so that the next group of secre
taries, if they come that way, must
I bring a thousand pounds each.
"As for our permissions we are to be
under the protection of the 'ministry
gosudaratbennave priezrlena,' which
means the ministry of social relief. We
are handing in today our list of pro
visions that we need for a month. As
for our association house the invalids
are still refusing to move, so if we do
not hear that they will go this week we
must hunt elsewhere. We are trying
to divide responsibility. Miss Spencer
takes the entertaining and I take the
lunchroom, and then there is the pub
licity and the work with the girls. So
we have plenty to do for two heads and
four pairs of hands and feet in a coun
try where it takes ten trys to arrive at
anything."
INTERNED GERMAN INSANE.
J Thinks There Are Seven Kaisers, and
Is Brought to St. Elizabeth.
Herman Berka. formerly chief ea
gineer of the German cruiser Cormo
rant. which vessel was Interned before
the United States declared war on Ger
many. has Just been admitted to St.
Elizabeth Hospital. He lost his mind
soon after his internment, and was
temporarily confined in the Napa State
Hospital of California He was
brought to this city by five men of the
United States Navy. His peculiar delu
sion is that there are seven kaisers,
and that he is receiving orders from
each of them all the time.
A friendship born of mutual phy
sical handicaps was ended in Chicago
the other day by the death of John
Rowan, a cripple, and James Garrett
Johnson, blind. Both were attorneys and
for years had accompanied each other to
various city courts, the cripple always
leading his sightless companion.
WASHINGTON AND WAR IN
SUPERBLY PRINTED PICTURES
Readers who are interested In events and people of
Washington, and in the tremendous activities in the war zone,
will find a perfect feast of photographs depicting those sub
jects in the Planogravure Section of The Sunday Star?the
section in which you find the best of the war pictures, photo
graphs of wide-world interest and, in addition, ones of your
own home town. Here are a few of the subjects to look for
and to look at tomorrow:
WOMEN ARE KNITTING EVERYWHERE, ANY
WHERE, IN WASHINGTON.
PICTURES IN THE WASHINGTON WATER COLOR
EXHIBITION.
VIEWS OF THE RUSSIAN TURMOIL.
UNUSUAL PHOTOGRAPHS FROM VARIOUS
FRONTS.
WITH THE FIGHTING MEN ABROAD.
AT WASHINGTON OYSTER WHARVES.
RED CROSS EXPERTS TEST LIFE-SAVINd SUITS
IN POTOMAC RIVER.
LITTLE DIPLOMATS IN WASHINGTON?A full pago
of remarkable photographs of children.
THE AMBULANCE CORPS OF THE DISTRICT
RED "CROSS.
BOY SCOUTS HARVEST CORN CROP IN POTOMAC
PARK.
INTERESTING PEOPLE DOING INTERESTING
THINGS IN WASHINGTON.
HERE AND THERE WITH THE CAMERA MAN.
You really can't afford to mis* seeing the Planogravurc
Section of The Sunday Star tomorrow.

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