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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 25, 1917, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair: continued cold today and to
morrow.
Temperature for twenty-four hoars
ending 10 o'clock last night: Highest.
37, at midnight Friday. Lowest, 34, at
10 p.m. yesterday.
Full report on page 20.
of the Associated Press
,? Fnh 1? vicliMlvvly i
w?rtUn?w of ?Q 1
to It or not ?Uwiwto? <
tad aim tftr teal mm p?UkM
rlfhto of paMietttei of ipwtel
No. 661-No. 26,878.
WASHINGTON, D. 0., SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 25, 1917*
FIVE CENTS..;
U. S. ASSUMES CONTROL
OF EASTERN RAILROADS
TO AVERT WAR CRISIS
Food Shortage and Handicap Placed on Muni
tions Supply Causes Most Drastic
Step in Railway History.
ROADS EAST OF CHICAGO TO RUN AS
UNIT REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP
Vice Presidents Appointed by "Railroads' War Board" to Operate
AO Lines Involved by Emergency Demand?Will Expedite Move
ment of Fuel, Edibles and Materials Necessary to Whip Hons.
,, The railroads' war board last night announced the most drastic
step yet taken in the history of railroading on the American con
tinent, to meet the tremendous emergency demands of war-time
transportation.
The board directed that "all available facilities on all railroads
east of Chicago be pooled to the extent necessary to furnish maxi
mum freight movement."
The operation of the roads, the war board states, will be "en
tirely regardless of their ownership and individual interests." A
statement from the board continues:
"The operating vice presidents of the eastern lines have been ap
pointed a committee to operate as a unit all lines involved and have
been given instructions and authority to adopt all measures which
in their judgment may be necessary to relieve the present situa
tion and assure the maximum amount of transportation."
To Operate a? Unit.
This means, if the order is carn>a out
literally, and there Is even' "p?c*fUo"
It will be. all railroads east of Chlcag
will be operating virtually as a
freight carriage, directed by a war board
to direct touch with the S?v?rn?*"t
?upervised by a group of the forem
railroad men of the country.
The immediate effect of this action of
greatest interest to the average citizen
win be to expedite the movementofcoal
and foods. The shortage of anthracite
coal in eastern cities, including hashing
ton. has become serious within the last
f?w days. Within forty-eight hour* the
gJaSS^Bt of Turtle, hasbeen ?a>?a
7?,* kv |t? anecial afent in Cleveland
to investigate alleged tytn* op07Vm3i
slgnments of food there, nnffl of wTllcn
MfMriRted of Dertshable products spoiling
lnUiecars or bing nipped by the frost.
Expedites War Orders.
But of even greater effect so far as the
government 1? concerned. will be "!e
ft will give toward fulfillment of war
MnTractl both in g^verT.ment aT,d pri
vate plants. During the Past we^c Ne
England has sent an S. O. S. can tor
ears, and big industries there ha?e sent
word to Washington they hav? been
hampered both by lack of coal and by a
lack of cars to convey raw materials
needed in manufacture.
In taking this step the railroads war
board acts in its capacity * vo'"{|I
teer agency through which the rail
roads are seeking to co-operate *jth
the government In the face of war-time
exigencies W. S. Gifford of the Council
of National Defense, in an inter^ew
with newspaper men Friday, pointed to
the railroads" board as the best example
of the sort of organization for co
operation it is hoped will be formed by
all major Industries of the country.
It was recalled last night that Mr.
Gifford significantly stated "sreat
things are hoped for from the appoint
ment of Daniel Willard as chairman of
the war industries board of the Coun
cil of National Defense. Mr Gifford
said Mr. Willard would retain the chair
manship of the advisory commission of
the council, and also the chairmanship
of the committee on transportation and
communication of the council.
Consults Board Members.
Since Mr. Wlllard's appointment to
succeed Frank A. Scott at the head of
the war Industries board early last
week, he has been in consultation with
members of the railroads- war board,
from which he resigned, however, as
an ex-offlcio member. It was assumed
last night Mr. Willard had found one
of the chief factors of the problems
confronting the prosecution of war In
dustries to be transportation. There
fore he may have had a part in the
movement to bring the railroads into
even closer co-operation with the war
industries board and other committees
of the Council of National Defense by
the revolutionary move announced by
the railroad men.
Whatever may have been Mr. Wil
lard's activity, the railroads' war
board for some time lias been studying
the increasing congestion on eastern
lines. In. this section the roads have
become overburdened by growing In
dustrial activity. As a part of the
program for relieving conditions it has
addressed a letter to the fuel adminis
tration. which makes the following
recommendations:
Shortens Bail Haul.
?"That a survey be made by the fuel
administration of present contracts and
methods of purchase and shipment of
coal so as to shorten the rail haul from
mine to consumer and to eliminate as
far as possible all cross hauls of coal
"Pooling of coal within reasonable
limits." the war board said, "'will with
out doubt produce additional large
savings, and the railroads are pre
pared to co-operate in any measures
pursued by the fuel administration to
'^E^urther recommendations made by
the railroads' war board follow:
"That immediate measures be adopt
ed to transfer movement of foodstuffs
and other export material to southern
and gulf ports to as large a degree as
compatible with public Interest. In
order to relieve the eastern congested
territory of an equivalent amount or
train service. ?
"That immediate survey be made or
all government requirements now
evolving the movement of raw mate
rials in and manufactured product out
of centers of industry, so that accumu
lations on cars and line and in termi
nals will not occur as now. while
product is awaiting use here or ocean
transportation for foreign use. .
In explaining: the need for these
steps the war board's statement says:
Overtaxed Rail Capacity.
'?The concentration in certain Par*?
of eastern territory of vast government
and industrial activities has ?Y?r.ta*?d
the capacity of rail lines in that ter
ritory. considering the heavy move
ment ?f coal and other heavy com
modi tits which formerly moved on
eoutwise vessels, but has now been
pBSjB tb*-railroads, the hm*T
military and civilian passenger travel.
Further enterprise involvinsr larre
Z^lVi0na in the use of coal and othfr
commodities should not be estab
fi?M ?! n u territory, except after
full consideration of these conditions.
An important part of the nlun
^_opJ*d fo.r th? operation of the east
ern lines is that of placing: at their
disposal the facilities of railways in
be necessary!"'63 t0 SUCh
'hetsnu\flo^e?"^^?4S?e?f?iCnteih?t
more critical than in any other plrt if
the country, because upin them fa b2
concentrated the bulk of the fuel
S/l materials being used in the
nS^Smi?f munitions, and also the
^M*_quanMUe? of supplies and food
^Wh,^eft?or^r^SK^ *?
~Zl~7, wnw railways to th? eaat
??H?J 5s* f the reP<Ur shop? of other
lines, such as those of the WMturn
makfnin wttl b? atilize^ 'or
Se^fte^Ur 018 e"U,,'ment ?f
Board Holds Conferences.
The railroads' war board began a
series of conferences to meet the situ
ation Monday. Representatives of the
eastern lines and of the government at
tended. lesterday a meeting was held
by Dr. H. A. Garfield, fuel adminls
?? H- Hurley, chairman of the
United States shipping board; Robert
^.Vett 0t the Prior'ties committee
and Commissioner Edgar E. Clark of
the Interstate Commerce Commission
The measures which the railroaw.
InVJi^A the committee of operat
ingr vice presidents will put Into effect
at.once are outlined thus: 1
All open-top cars of all eaj?f?rn
viS anc* similar cars of private own
ershlp which are at home on eaSS?
lines will be pooled on an eauitahl*
biamJiS,r,but,on under the to
of thdmlni3t"ert "nderCatrhe0?directl1on
the car service commission.
Will Divert Congestion.
The commission on car service will
divert from those lines where the con
gestion is most acute all freight that
can be handled by any open route until
the congestion is relieved.
?The pooling of coal will be further
extended wherever practicable.
The national fuel administration Is
asked to arrange for supplying the va
rious coal markets from the nearest
car efficiency" '? aVOld Wast* ?<
to^any ? o^^^h^re^
in a sloping down of the operation ??
the transportation machine A ron
stant flow of all traffic "oncurreX
produces the best TtiansportaUon ?
suits. The war board, therefore em
Phasizes the desirability of rlducine
ifi ^rEa' volume of preference orrl.rf
which. by placing asubsta^ia? ma-'
jorit> of the freight moved on the
same plane, defeats its own object"
poisonWwccine tips
ALMOST CAUSE TRAGEDY
Sent From Washington Into Ken
tucky; Infected With Tetanus
Germ*.
[ Special JMnpateh fo The Star. I
| LEXINGTON, Ky., November 24. A
I wholesale infection with tetanus germs
among the people of Winchester and
Clark counties. Ky.. eighteen miles
from here, has been narrowly averted.
In compliance with the law that all
school children should be vaccinated
Winchester druggists placed an order
for a large quantity of vaccine points
to be used as a precaution against
smallpox. A Washington. D. c., firm
with which the order was placed
promptly shipped the points to local
druggists here An urgent message wa.
was received by local druggists f^J
the company declaring that It had b??^
discovered that the points had
tampered with, and In practically a/1
cases where the points had been uArt
deaths^ had developed- resulting |?
Druggists were urged to lose no nn.
in gathering up all points which had
been sold, and a warning wa* lam?** *
! Physicians who had used the vicc^M to
| immediately administer to each natlent
the serum treatment for tetanus
K,^'nc fter druK*i?ts immediately got
I for practicS?lyn aTTof thiT polnts^Tha
W Iwttau ?2*"? adm,n'*tered to
BRITISH ARE GRIMLY
MIS FORWARD
IN CAMN REGION
Fontaine Aflame and Bourlon
Wood Probably Taken by
Gen. Byng's Forces.
MOEUVRES IS CLOSELY
INVESTED, IS REPORT
Germans Resisting Desperately.
English Try to Drive Behind
Main Hindenbnrg Line.
Hard fighting continued in the battle
of Cambrai Saturday, with the British
pushing determinedly northward on the
Fontaine-Queant line, west of Cambrai.
Unofficial reports late in the day in
dicated the probability that Gen. Byng's
troops had wrested possession of the
hotly disputed Bourlon wood from the
Germans and had closely invested
Moeuvres. The village of Fontaine,
less than three miles from Cambrai, was
reported in flames, suggesting the prob
ability of an impending German retire
ment from that place.
Resisting' Desperately.
The Germans are resisting desperate
ly the British advance, which is being
pressed most energetically on this east
to-west front. Gen. Byng's evident In
tention is to drive in behind the main
Hindenburg line, breached In Tuesday's
surprise attack, and the Queant-Dro
court switch line, while still pushing
his encircling movement of Cambrai to
the north and east. The British have
pushed considerably to the northwest
of Moeuvres, however, and are hammer
ing at Inchy, which the Germans are
battling determinedly to retain.
German Gain Temporary.
Bj the Associated Press.
LONDON. November Fierce Ger
man counter attacks have been made
today in the neighborhood of Bourlon
woods, according to the official report
from British headquarters In France
tonight. The British line was forced to
withdraw slightly, but later in the day
the line was re-established and the
high ground held.
The text of the statement reads:
"Fierce fighting has taken place dur
iat tlw .dar <la Uw netebborhood ?*
Bourlon wooC where tfcrMmrniW
several determined attempts with fresh
troops to regain possession of the high
ground. This morning a strong hos
tile attack compelled our troops to
give ground slightly in this area. Later
in the day our troops counter-attacked
and re-established our former line.
"On the extreme right of the south
ern battle front we have Improved our
positions.
"On the Ypres battle front the hos
tile artillery has again been active In
the Passchendaele sector."
Bourlon Wood Taken.
Br the Associated Press.
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE. November 24.?Bourlon wood,
which dominates Cambrai from the
west. Is probably in British hands this
morning as a result of the sanguinary
struggle waged yesterday on its slopes.
Bourlon village, at the northwest fringe
of the forest, was still held by the Ger
mans, who fought bitterly all day
against the advancing troops. The
enemy also retained his hold on the vil
lage of Fontaine, about which intense
fighting proceded throughout Friday.
The latest information from this place
was that it was ablaze.
The British yesterday advanced their
line still farther to the west of
Moeuvres. and there were meager re
ports Indicating that this place was
very closely invested. Many more Ger
man guns have been found among the
material captured, the number being
estimated at about !S00.
Prisoners Still Coming Back.
Prisoners were still coming hack this
morning. The correspondent passed
two squadrons of mud-smeared Ger
mans near the British front who were
being brought back to the cages.
The fighting yesterday at Bourlen
wood and around Fontaine was of a
most desperate nature. Bourlon wood
and the village af;e situated on high
ground, which affo'rOs extensive obser
vation in all directions. The forest It
self comprises 600 acres, and. while the
ground Is dry. It Is co-ered with a
heavy undergrowth, making an advance
up the slopes difficult. The British
troops yesterday morning were holding
a line on the low ground about the
southern fringe of the wood, and from
these positions it was necessary to
charge up the slopes in the face of a
tremendous concentration of machine
guns.
The infantry, co-operating with the
tanks, pushed forward In the morning,
and hard fighting ensued Immediately. By
1 o'clock in the afternoon they had bat
tled forward half way through the wood,
and two hours later the infantry were
occupying a line through the center of
the wood and to the northwest of Fon
taine.
Fight With Bayonets.
At noon the Germans began putting a
heavy artillery and machine gun barrage
along the roads to the south of the wood,
rendering communication with the ad
vancing troops more difficult. Hand-to
hand fighting with bayonets began almost
as soon as the British entered the forest.
This continued with great fierceness
throughout the afternoon, the assaulting i
troops gradually forcing the Germans
back foot by foot toward the northern
edee of the forert.
Whether the wood is firmly In Brlt
' lsh hands now Is not absolutely cer
- tain, but the enemy still retains his
hold on the village, which Is strongly
? fortified with rapld-firers.
j Late In the afternoon the Germans
' delivered a determined counter attack
from the north in an attempt to oust
the British, but the latter held firm
and drove the Germans back. In the
meantime a fierce conflict was proceed
ing near Fontaine. The Germans were
defending this place with rifles and
machine guns, which they flred from
< the roofs and windows of the houses.
] About 3:30 in the afternoon tanks
I were reported to have forced an en
trance and the place was said to be in
flames. The Germans were able to
maintain themselves In the village,
however, and were still there at the
latest reports.
Two counter attacks In the neighbor
hood of Cantalng were smashed yester
day afternoon. The British made a
slight advance in this region daring the
day.
Claims Check for British.
BERLIN, via London. November 24.?
The supplementary official statement Is
1 | (Continued on Seeontifiip,) .
GAS MASK WAR WORK.
American Federation Head
Asserts Workers Are in Con
flict to End?Scout Strikes.
LENON ONLY DEFEATED
By the Associated PtrtB.
BUFFALO. N. Y., November 24.?Sam
uel Gompers, president of the American
Federation of Labor for thirty-five years,
was re-elected today virtually without op
position. With him were returned to
a?MT otRcer of the federation ex- I
eept John B. Lennon. treasurer, who *U j
defeated by Daniel J. Tobln, president of
the International Teamsters and Chauf- :
feurs' Union.
The re-election of Mr. Oompers marked
a continuation of his services as chief
executive broken for only one year since
1882. and the veteran leader was greeted
with rousing cheers as he took the floor
to accept. He pledged undivided loyalty
and effort for the cSuse of men who toil
and declared the labor movement was at
the most crucial period of its history.
Alluding to the war, Mr. Gompers said
no liberty-loving man would ask or seek
peace now until the purposes for which
the United States entered the conflict
shall have been accomplished.
"We have declared ourselves In the
light to the end for freedom and democ
racy: there is no doubt where union labor
stands," he said.
St Paul was chosen for the next annual
meeting, to be held in June under the con
stitutional amendment passed here.
An effort to read into the defeat of Mr.
Lennon a weakening of the position of
President Gompers as a leader and a part
victory for the small group of pacifists
which has opposed him was scouted by
prominent federation men. It was de
clared. when it was decided by Tobln s
friends to run him for the office. Gom
pers announced an unequivocal policy of
hands oft. , A. , ,, .
It was further said the unions lined
against Gompers on the indorsement of
his war policies early In the convention
today divided, the majority voting for
Lennon. The vote for treasurer stood:
Tobln, 13,476; Lennon. 9.102. Toktn draw
ing his strength principally from the
teamsters, machinists, miners, carpenter^
bridge and structural Iron and brewery
workers.
Not a Pacifist.
To make his position clear, Mr. Tobln.
in accepting office, declared there was no
"Daclflsm and antism" In him.
^"Slnce war was declared," Mr. Tobln
said "I have tried to carry out the wishes
of President Gompers of the American
Federation of I^abor and of President
Wilson of the United States. I want no
misunderstanding as to my position.
With thousands of men in our union,
there has not been one strike. We have
not crippled industry during the war. We
have been fighting an enemy from whom
wo may expect no mercy If he is vic
1 ?"W<r* ar*> trade unionists, but we are
Americans first."
Mr Tobin's statement was greeted
with cheers and there was another
demonstration when President Gompers
spoke pledging his undivided loyalty
and effort to the cause of men who toil
"In the most crucial period In the his
tory of the labor movement and of the
world." , , ..
"No liberty-loving man." he said,
"would ask or seek peace now until
the purpose for which the United Statea
entered the conflict had been accom
plished We have declared ourselves
In the fight to the end for freedom and
democracy; there is no doubt where i
union labor stands."
There were a few scattering votes
against Mr. Gompers and one against
Frank Morrison for secretary.
It was found Impossible to complete
the work of the convention today and a
night session was called at which It i
was hoped to clear the calendar and:
adlorn sine die. Next year's convention
will be held at St. Paul In June. Mr.
Gompers, It was announced, will visit
Toronto next week as the guest of
t Premier Hearst.
Demand New Bomb Trials.
The convention tonight adopted
unanimously a resolution demanding
new trials for Warren H. Billings and
Thomas J. Mooney, convicted of mur
der resulting from the San Francisco
bomb explosion.
The Investigating committee on labor
conditions reparted to the convention
there is no labor shortage. On the con
trary. the report declares unemploy
ment" is widespread In several trades.
The committee declared housing prob
lems in cities where new Industries
have sprung up have not been properly
dealt with. This they said was respons
ible for much of the apparent dearth
of labor. Seventy-flve per cent of the
women garment workers In New Tork
city are out of work. It was declared,
and big potteries at Camden, N. J., have
been closed down. In the building
trades also there are many unem
floyed, the Investigators reported
luslness was disposed of rapidly In
the closing hours and at 9:10 o'clock the
ooijentlon adjourned sin* 'die.
Police Arrest Italian; Bomb
Explodes in Station; 11 Die
Tragedy Follows Capture of Latin in Basement
of Milwaukee Church-Explosion Shatters
Building, Injures Many.
Bj the Associated Press.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., November 24.?Eleven persons are known
to have been killed, a number injured and several believed to be
missing as a result of a bomb explosion in the central police station
tonight.
The bomb was taken to the station by an Italian, who said
he discovered it in the basement of the Madonia del Pompeii Cath
olic Church* iu-, the Italian district.
The Italian was met near thejstathjn by Detective Bart Maloney.
Maloney, escorting him into the station, placed the bomb, which was
inclosed in a black box, on a table in the waiting room while he
took the man into the office of Police Lieut. Flood.
Box Suddenly Explodes.
Detectives were on the second floor
of the building at the time responding:
to roll call. When they, came down
the stairway and noticed the black box,
one picked it up to examine it. The
bomb then exploded.
The lower floor of the building: was
shattered and every window through
out the structure was broken by the
shock. It is believed many of the pris
oners may have perished.
Among: the known dead are:
Detective Stephen H. Stecker.
Detective John Beehawer.
Detective Fred Kaiser.
Detective Albert Templin.
Operator Spindler.
Henry Deckert, desk sergeant.
Catherine Walker.
Among the seriously injured are:
Detective Fred Hartman.
Detective Bergen.
Held Small Bottle.
Lieut. Flood, in charge of the station
at night, escaped.
According to one of the detectives, the
bomb was a cylinder shaped affair, about
1 foot in length and 8 Inches in diameter.
Inserted in the top was a small bottle of
liquid, supposedly nitroglycerin.
The explosion, which was heard
throughout the main section of the city,
brought thousands of persons to the
scene. Firemen from a station near by
aided in the work of rescue. Many of
the bodies as they were taken from the
building were removed to the county
jail, which is just across the street
from the police station. From there they
were taken to the morgue.
The dead and injured were scattered
all over the squadroom.
Details of firemen were dispatched
through the* building. On the second
story, just over the squadroom. Where
the police operators work, the body of
Edward Spindler was found. He was
killed at his post by a metal missile
that came through from the floor be
low. Seated at either side of htm were
Arthur Van Pieterson and Otto Ger
lach. Neither was injured beyond the
shock of the explosion.
Further investigation of the station
proved that all other occupants of the
building: escaped unscathed.
The woman killed was Catherine
Walker. She had gone to the police sta
tion to report a robbery and was stand
ing in the hall waiting to get into the
lieutenant's office, when the bomb ex
ploded. The body of Detective Dave
O'Brien lay in the center of the room.
He was lying face downward, partially
covered with debris. Detective Steck
er's body was found near the entrance
to the squadroom.
More Than Twenty-Five Arrested.
More than twenty-five Italians have
been arrested In a dragnet which has
been thrown into the third ward for all
suspicious characters.
Police officials refuse to comment on
the arrests. ^
What the police think may be the real
story of the tragedy was told to the po
lice by Miss Maude Rlchter, a social set
tlement worker in the Italian district.
"The whole truth must be very plain
to those who are familiar with well
known police facts," said Miss Richter.
"The Italian anarchists were to answer
In court next Wednesday to answer
charges growing out of the Bayview
riots a few weeks ago. This was the
last chance they would get at those
they hated for causing their arrests.
"There was to be a meeting of the
Italian Evangelical Church tonight.
Rev. August Juliana, the missionary
who conducted the Bayview meetings,
was to have had charge of it. The
bomb was to kill him. The anarchists
hated him. It was timed to explode
when the meeting would be best at
tended."
Ralph Izzard, special agent of the De
partment of Justice and every one of his
assistants are investigating the case.
United States Marshal Samuel Randolph
also started an investigation.
U. S. Steamer Schuylkill Sunk;
Forty of Crew Arrive in Port
Torpedo Attack in Mediterranean Reported to Navy
Department?No Armed Guard Aboard.
Probably AU. Saved.
The American steamer Schuylkill has
been torpedoed and sunk In the Mediter
ranean. The Navy Department was ad
vised yesterday that forty men of her
crew had been landed at a Mediterranean
port. There was no naval armed guard
aboard.
Whether there! was loss of life *ls not
known here, but It is assumed that the
forty men rescued constituted the Schuyl
kill's full complement.
Secretary Daniels made this announce
ment:
"The Navy Department Is in receipt of
advices that forty of the crew of the
American steamer Schuylkill, which had
been torpedoed, have been landed at a
Mediterranean port. No Navy men were
aboard."
Both German and Austrian submarines
are operating in the Mediterranean, but
so far as known the nationality of the
submarine which sank the SchuylklU was
not determined.
FRENCH ACCOUNT FOR
- 1,030 GERMAN AEROS
Bv tho Associated Prrrn.
GRAND HEADQUARTERS OP THE
FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, November
24.?The brilliant record of the French
aviators Including the member* of the Ij?
fayette escadrille, for the ten months end
ing In October, shows that they de
stroyed 110 German airplanes over the
French lines, and. S?7 over the German
lines, which destruction has been fully
confirmed. There also were Bit other*
over the German line* Which probably
were destroyed but confirmation of the
fact was not obtainable. This makes
a grand total of 1,010, Twenty-two
German captive balloon* also w?re de
stroyed.
FRENCH STEAMER MAINE
SINKS WITH 25 MEN
PARIS, November 24.?News was ro
ooived today confirming reports that the
freight steamer Maine had been sunk on
Wednesday eight miles from Dieppe. All
of the twenty-live officers and men on
board were lost, with the exception of one
sailor. ? Tho entire crew comprised sea
men from Dieppe.
The French steamer Maine, of 77S tons
gross, was built la 1(10 and was owned
IB Dieppe, ,. .. -? ??
FURIOUS BATHES
ON BRENTA RIVER
STILL INDECISIVE
Austro-German Armies, How
ever, Have So Far Failed to
Smash Italian Defenses.
GEN. DIAZ'S PIAVE LINE
STILL REMAINS INTACT
Chances of Italians Holding Their
Present Positions and Saving
Venice Increase Hourly. ,
The Italian front is still holding firm
ly, although its defense is costing the
Italians heavily in men. There were
further efforts by the Austro-German
masses to break through to the west end
of the line between the Asiago plateau
and the Brenta, but Gen. Diaz's troops
successfully withstood these carefully
prepared thrusts. The JPiave river re
mains intact, and apparently the
enemy's efforts to force it are no longer'
serious, although Rome today reportathe
breaking up by artillery fire of hostile
attempts to lay pontoons.
In the important mountain front be
tween the Brenta and the Piave the
struggle is still a desperate one. No
further progress is claimed by Berlin In
this sector. On the contrary, the Italians
have been counter attacking heavily, al
though, Berlin declares, without success.
High military opinion, recently ex
pressed, that the chances of the Italians
holding the Piave line and saving
Venice are increasing hourly, seems
likely to be strengthened by the tone
of the latest Italian official statements,
showing continued successful resistance
by the Italians to the furious attempts
being made by the enemy to pierce their
northern front.
Contest Every Foot ef Ground.
By the Associated Prw?.
ITALIAN HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTHERN ITALY. November 24.?
Heavy fighting continued throughout
last night on both sides of the Brenta
river, with the result indeefotv*.
tween the- Brenta and Piave rivers the
Italians are contesting every foot of
ground.
The enemy is attempting to
down the Brenta valley on both
of the river in an endeavor to reach
Bassano. and the open plain. On the
east bank the fourth army drove back
two attacks in force. On the west
bank the first army took the initiative
in a dashing attack to regain the lost
position at the upper end of the
Brenta valley. The enemy's resistance
was of a determined nature.
West of the Brenta the territory is
now fairly held by the defenders, and
the main enemy pressure is concen- i
trated between the Brenta and tjie I
Piave, where the Italians are making
a splendid resistance. .The fighting has
been desperate and the losses are
heavy.
BERLIN, November 24.?The text of
the official statement reads:
"Italian front?West of the Brenta
and between the Branta and the Piave
Italian attacks failed."
NORTHCLIFFE'S BROTHER
IS MADE AIR MINISTER
Baron Bothermore, Also a News
paper Publisher, Picked for Im
portant British Post.
By thf? Asnociat*?d Pre**.
LONDON, November 24.?Baron Roth
ermere, chief proprietor of the Daily
Record and Mail of Glasgow and the
Leeds Mercury, has accepted the post
of air minister in the British cabinet,
according to the Pall Mall Gasette.
Baron Rothermere (Harold Sidney
Harmsworth) is the younger brother
of Viscount Northcliffe. He was born in
1868.
Lord Northcliffe himself was offered
the post as head of the air ministry a
few days ago by Premier Lloyd George,
and in declining the position explained
that his refusal was due to dissatis
faction with some of the methods of
Mr. Lloyd George's administration.
Viscount Cowdray resigned as chair
man of the air board owing to the Brit
ish premier's offer of the air ministry
to Northcliffe.
Baron Rothermere was mentioned as
possible food controller in 1914, but
failed to receive the appointment.
BULGARS ARE DISPERSED
IN MACEDONIA RAIDS
PARIS, November 24.?An official
statement In regard to the Macedonian
front says:
"Eastern Theater. November 23.^-The
enemy attempted on the British front
several raids which were all dispersed
before they reached our positions, pie
situation is quiet on the right bank of
the Vardar and the Serbian front. North
of Monastir the artillery action was quite
Intense. Our aviators have bombed
enemy establishments at Vashbareltsa,
on the road to Prllep."
Read and Heed
Take the store an
nouncements in this is
sue of The Star as your
shopping guide and do
your Christmas shopping
tomorrow.
The best "buys" await
the early shopper.
? - ^ ^ - v
* ..
Neither Aliens Nor American
Citizens Allowed to Enter
Zone Unless Identified*
OTHER PORTS SOON GET
SIMILAR REGULATION
New Federal Bales Issued to
Tent Fire, and Explode .
Alien Travel Licenses. y
Regulations under which the New Tolt
water front will go under military pu|
at midnight tonight to bar sMl
enemies were announced last night If
the "Department of Justice, acting nndsff
President Wilson's recent alien enaas^
proclamation. Similar regulations WW
be applied to other coast and lake pa||
as soon aa soldiers are available.
The soldiers will be armed *pMk
loaded rifles and will have instruetiaSl
to shoot all persons, aliens or i itirsaQ.
entering the barred zone, one hnadftA
yards from piers, docks and warehouse
unless identified by special privsM
guards to be supplied by pier
Blue uniforms wHl be worn by the
diers to them from oi
military forces, and to lessen the da)*
ger of accidental shooting of peraMp
claiming ignorance of the guards' idaae
tity.
Barred Under All Circumstances
Allen enemies. under the PresldsfMjl
proclamation, may not enter the
hlblted sonea under any clrcumatai
and must move out It they already 1_
business or residence places within
100-yard limit. By this strict syatest .
patrol the government hopes to dlSP
inate the possibility of enemy plottsM
causing fires and explosions on ptHB
and in water-front warehouses.
The orders Issued last nlaht are
first Installment of regulations r1
the President authorised Attorney
oral Gregory to make la ?
effect the alien enemy _
By the middle of this week the
meat of Justice expects to pro]?
rales under which unnaturaliaed
man male adults. will be for?
Hilitw tmk' U? police and
easels! Usaaesa for travel within
United I
%ssUc Xsli V*
The Department of Juetlce. la Ha
nouncement, emphasised that Am
citisens aa well aa Germans must
serve the waterfront restrictions
not attempt to paes the guard 1U*
without being adequately identified by
the private guards and given Dermis*
sion by the soldier guards. Otherwise
the danger of lnnooent persons lining
shot Is not negligible. It was explalnast
The drastic rule was declared necessary
to make sure that dangerous aliens are
sifted from the thousands of longshore*
men, teamsters, clerks, stevedores, bss*
ineee men and others having legltlseaA#
buslnees within the dock areas.
Ths military guard at the port tt
New York 1s effective in Manhattan
the Bronx. Brooklyn, Jersey City, MS
boken and other waterfronts a boat tk>
harbor. United States marshals 1
Jurisdiction of the various
waterfronts are to confer this
Inc .at Governors Island with r
authorities concerning details
! Plan.
To Watclx Railways.
The Department of Justice advtas9
that the barred sone be marked |s
some sort of a line and that Sl|a|
notifying alien enemies not to paae ha
placed at frequent Intervals. la
of etreet cars or railroads pa
through the barred district. Oar
will not be permitted to be aft
even for continuous passage.
found within the sone for any i
whatever will be arrested and r. ?
ably Interned for the period of the asa
Permits previously granted to Genaadft
I to enter waterfront sones are revoMfla
The restrlctlone. however, do net a
to public ferries.
"It Is Important," says ths Papa? i
ment of Justice regulation, "that UM
patrolling be effective and yet M
carried on In such a manner aa MM
Interfere as little as posslbls with
free movement of traffic to and firSSk
the wharves, and with the free epsM*
tlon of the wharves and other ehtppflw
facilities, for the speedy operation eC
the shipment of men and matertala 4a
Europe is of the utmost importance."
Proposes System of Pasasa.
The system of Identification by tM
inspectors to be employed by the pMf
and warehouse owners, the depart*
ment's statement said. 1s not expeeMC
to accomplish a complete protection at
shipping, and the department is aft*
gaged In planning a system of paM
to supplement that of Identification b)T
inspectors. Meanwhile special paw
will be Issued to persons with authority
to entsr the sone.
Wharf operators will prepare a M
of employee and others entitled to a#>
mission to the restricted sones far Ms
spectlon and guidance of military Ms
thorltles. ?
"Every operator of a water front Has
clUty," says the department ?rnteTlsa
"shall on or before December 1 file
with the United States marshal Mr
writing a statement describing Ha
system of fire patrol and fire pr '
tlon."
Effective steps to Increase vlgfl
at the bridges which enemies -1
been attempting to wreck and to
summary measuree which will
quately protect all important rail
brldgee. aqueducts, water fronts
all avenues of commerce and <
munloation also are being taken by tkS
government. -
As a result of experiences of the Nov
Tork National Guard on duty at rafl*
road bridges, aqueducts and canals.
Brig. Gen. Charles H. Sherrill, the M
jutan? general of the etate of New
Tork. was In conference yesterday with
officials on the plane for a more coa?
prehensive system of guarding theaai
Important places. It is understood tha?
the government authority- heartily
approve the work the New Tork
tlonal Guard baa beeif doing.
s ? i ^ *
180.000 Pledges in Connecticut^1
HARTFORD. Conn., November ;?y??
Food pledgee have been signed by abas'
1(0.000 tissue In Connecticut durUw i
ht"e aampalgn djreuud by

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