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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 09, 1918, Image 2

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Phenomenon Begins at 6:41
P.M., Reaching Maximum
at 737.
Old Sol did his bit?last evening by !
taking a half-way 'flier In daylight
Along a narrow belt slung like a
Sam Brown across thetshoulder of the
United States at "Washington state
and Oregon, and hanging down about
the hip in Florida, he.did all that Dr.
Garfield could wish inputting off his
light. Some say he went one-third,
others put it at one-ha3f, the limit In
At 6:41?for this was a thoroughly
patriotic eclipse, new-time and all?
the astronomers say the partial ob
scuration of the sun foegan. and at
7:37 the eclipse was at its height.
Airman Wanted Close-TJp View.
There was a great cratnlng of necks
on the streets. Many a citizen who
had read about the eclBpse, and for
gotten about it, wanted to know
where the aeroplane wras. By coin
cidence there was a machine flying
over the city about that time, prob
ably to get a "close-up" on the phe
nomenon. but for once he did not have
a monopoly on aerial attention.
One woman called up* The Star and
wanted to know wheth?p*r the Marine
Band "is playing on the. eclipse." A
reporter carefully explained that the
Marine Band sometimes played on the
Kllipse. Now he doe*v not know
whether she was "kidding" him, or
whether he taught her 'something.
Where and When ItvStarted.
The eclipse began at isunrise yes
terday morning over the iBorodino Is
lands, south of Japan. Ftfom there the
great shadow swept acrc*ss the earth,
being scheduled to toucS\ the United
States first at South Benid, Wash., at
3:55 and leave the continent at Or
lando, Fla.. at 6:42.
The eclipse was almost total at a
number of big cities scattered across
the country, but the phenomenon was
seen in all its splendor by a small
party of scientists at !Baker, Ore.,
where the moon completely covered
the sun for 117 seconds. This partv
included five men from the United
States Naval Observatorrr here and
three from the University 'of Virginia.
These men have spent w<|eks in put
ting their instruments in .position for
photographing and takfng motion
pictures of the spectacle which will
reveal itself when the m<?on gets di
rectly in front of the sun
Crescent and Corpna.
As an eclipse begins at'ipoints of to
tality the sun gradually diminishes
In size until only a crescent is visible.
Then, as the crescent is blotted out
the earth grows dark and, the beauti
ful corona appears suddenly, with
flery red rays shooting out (toward the
earth. During the 117 seconHs in which
the moon remained wholly 'in front of
the sun the scientists frouitftheir port
able observation station^ at Baker.
Ore., hoped to study natufd's magnifi
cent performance. It is stand that the
corona which is viable wtwfrever there
is a total eclipse never taki s the same
form twice.
The shadow of the totafcieclipse was
sixty-five miles wide in fOregon and
gradually tapered downjtfs it extended
across the continent to ahrfidth of forty
miles In Florida. At all laces north
or south of this shadow* the eclipse
was only partial.
Noted Scientists ?0|iserve
All Phases of Sun's Eclipse;
Will Report Results Later
BAKER, Ore.. June ,8.?Untimely
twilight, fast followed fby a deeper
darkness, swept over a| strip of the
northwest fifty miles wide today,
when the solar ecllpseu foretold by
men who have reduced t^e movements J
of astral bodies to an iexact science,!
came to pass.
The phenomenon found noted sclen- I
tists ready for it here. Ttf lest-opes w*?rp }
trained to study and photograph the '
sun's corona and observe the eclipse!
in all Its phases. Definite conclusions
drawn from these obifervatlons will!
be available only after comparison of ?
results attained and deductions as to
their significance. Th^e observations
were declared to be. successful, a
slight cloudiness being?th??nly draw,
When the eellpae became total birds
?ought their nests and chickens went
to roost. A gloom as .deep as night
enveloped the land andi electric lights
were turned on indoorfe. while street
ears and automobiles had their head
lights burning.
Within a few minutes! after the total
eclipse daylight rapidly returned.
Those devoting their time to study
of the coroua were art'ip 1 y rewarded.
The wonderfully coloi(t-d glow of the
inner circle, with it? moving multi
colored shafts of Ughi. offered a spec
tacle rarely seen by iman. Jt was of
maximum sun spot type, with the
glowing and pulsatbtg light nearly
equally diffused abouit the sun sur
face, whose prominences also were
plainly visible.
Heavy Clouds tat Denver.
DENVKR. CoL, June 8.?Astron
omers from the sta# of the Yerkes
Observatory of the university of Chi
cago and other otofcervatorles who
gathered here today t?> make observa
tions of the total eclipse of the sun
found that their elaborate prepara
tions had gone for naught. Heavy
clouds covered the sky during the
greater pert of the fecllpee.
The scientists swsaiowed their dis
appointment, and diverting their In
struments gathered In the observa
tory yard to observe the color efTect
on tile clouds jthe approaching
darkness. When tbeieclipse was total
It was so dark that Automobile head
lights were lighted, and a brilliant
electrical storm was visible in the
mountains many miles to th? south
jpean Herbert A. JHowe of Denver
University, who directed {he work
herei said tie observations possible
today were of little Importanoe, as the
prlnalpal data sought could be ob
tained only by observations made
when the eclipse w?s total.
Observations lnj Other Cities.
A dispatch from Orlando, Fla., says
that for a conaldtrsible time after the
moon's bulk began to creep across the
face of the sun thesh was no noticeable
diminution of the tain's light, and not
until about 6:?0 o'clock, or some min
utss before the scllpjie became total, did
the light fall. From then on the twi
lfftX deepened with great rapidity until
St till total eclipse there was almost
?sll-darkness. Chickens hurried to
roost, only to coma out into the yards
Mguia when the Ugmt grew stronger.
?t Jackson, Mi*.-*, observance of the
oolipoe was marred by heavy clouds,
i Wrtlrlng It lmpossil#* to get a glimpse
ex the phenomenon. However, the fact
1 that the sun waa passing under the
Shadow waa deiaofistrated by a brief
period of almost total darkness at 6:17.
Tho emerging of tlie sun brought with
It probably the. brightest period of the
Kao^pe. T?nn? the eclipse was
pWalr visible to the naked eye. The
sua appeared Mas Aril aadwas crescent
(Continued From First Page.) |
we could away from her. A few
backward glances, though, showed us
she had made the same mistake about
us, for she was rapidly fading out
of sight.
Pile of Wreckage, Omen.
?The incident raised our spirits a ]
bit, but they sank again a little later
when we passed a pile of wreckage, j
What there was of it was new and
bright It must have been from a
vessel recently sunk.
"Next morning we were told we
were In the vicinity where the sub
marines were operating. The cap
fain had not left the bridge since
"Wednesday night for longer than
two minutes. Now he was glued to [
it. They deserve medals?these of- ,
fleers. |
"We didn't sight any lifeboats, but
we steered around several objects
which might have been mines. At !
last we saw the coast looming larger I
and closer. Nobody cheered, but I
think we all knew what it was to
take a good long breath."
Within Five Miles of the Vinland, j
When latter Was Sunk.
American schooner William McKen- [
ney, in port here, was within five
miles of the Norwegian steamer Vin
land. with the German U-boat be
tween her and the capes, when the j
Vinland was sunk Wednesday after
noon, according to the master of the
The captain says he distinctly j
heard the sound of firing and lo
cated the position on his chart. He
gave the scene a wide berth and,
aided by darkness, made the capes
in safety. 1
19 Norwegians From Vinland j
on Way to New York.
CAPE MAY. N. J., June 8.?The
nineteen survivors of the Norwegian
steamer Vinland, sunk last Wednes
day by a German submarine sixty-five
miles off the Virginia capes, left the
government naval station here late
today for New York. All of the sur
vivors were members of the Vinland's
crew and none of them speaks Eng
lish., No one was allowed to see them
until they emerged from the barracks
and rushed aboard their train.
It was learned, however, that when
the Vinland was attacked Wednes
day evening the commander of the
U-boat gave the crew half an hour to
get off, and then bombed the ship,
sending it to the bottom. The men,
all of whom are Norwegians or
Swedes, drifted about in a small boat
nearly forty-eight hours before they
were picked up by an American de
Investigation of Reports Shows No
Evidence of U-Boats.
BOSTON, June 8.?Rear Admiral
Spencer S. Wood, commandant of the
first naval district, declared today
there had been no evidence of sub- f
marine activity along the New Eng
land coast.
Investigation of a report by a fish
erman near Portland that he had seen
the periscope of a submarine showed,
Admiral Wood said, that it was the
mast of a small schooner abandoned and
The captain of a steamer about the
same tmie reported sighting a craft
low in the water. Pending word from
scout patrols sent out to investigate,
vessels, it was explained, were held up
All were permitted to proceed, it
was Ftated, after it was found that
no submersibles had been sighted.
Cologne Gazette Correspondent
Thinks Americans Will Be Furious.
LONDON, JuVie 8.?A Heuter dispatch
from Amsterdam says that the policy
of-sending U-boats to raid shipping on
the American coast has critics In Ger
This attitude is revealed in a tele
gram from Berlin to the Cologne Ga
zette, in which the newspaper's cor
respondent believes it necessary to try
to combat objections to this particular
submarine campaign. These objec
tions, he assumes, are based on the
view that the war spirit and fury of the
Americans are likely to be increased
by such raids.
65,000 Inventions Reviewed in
Three Years by Naval Board.
The submarine situation was dig- I
cussed at a special meeting yesterday
of the naval consulting board, attend
ed by a number of naval officers. Sec
retary Daniels, Admiral Benson and
Rear Admirals Winslow and Shoe
maker were guests of Chairman W. L.
Saunders and other board members at
After the session it was announced I
that more than 65,000 inventions de- '
siftned to assist In naval warfare had
been examined by the board in the I
three years since it was crcated.
British Official Note Reveals That |
Big German Vessels Sink Small
Amount of Shipping.
By the ARtoHated Pmt.
PARIS* Friday, June 7.?The new
type of German submarine cruiser ac
complishes little, according to an offi
cial note commenting on German un
dersea boats. Exact Information
relative to the operations of two of
these boats which left Germany at
the end of 1917, cruised as far as the
equatoiv and were absent for four
month* show# that they accounted
for only 29,000 tons of shipping.
This was equal to only one day's
total loss from submarines In April
of the same year.
At this rate Germany would require
sixty submarine cruisers at sea
simultaneously to Inflict the same loss
as that visited upon shipping by sub
marines In European waters In a
"But Germany cannot maintain
more than twenty of these boats."
says the official not*\ "since the allies
deBtroy submarines faster than they
are built. However, If they sink few
ships, the submarines operating in
European and American waters are
useful because their cargo space en
ables them to bring baok to Germany
valuable materials which are totally
lacking there."
LONDON, June 7.?British casual
ties reported during the week ending
Friday were: Officers killed or died of
wo Unas, tot; men. 4,251. Otneers
wounded or missing, 7RS; men, 27,425.
German Papers Give News Page
Headlines and Launch Tirades
Against America.
By the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, June S.?News of the
German U-boats' operations on the
American coast receives page head
lines in the latest German newspa
pers reaching here, and all details
available are greedily seized upon.
The press, moreover, takes the occas
ion once more to launch its tirades
against the United States and the
President of the United States, and
to endeavor to find some ofTset and
comfort for tlie steadily assembling
American hosts in France, which, de
th? abuse by the German papers
of Premier Clemenceau for the in
spiration for France he finds in the
coming or the Americans, is evidently
viewed with anything but equanimity
in Germany.
Indulges in Violent Diatribe.
The Cologne Gazette concludes a
\iolent diatribe against America: "It
is therefore only right and fair that
orfi k?' nif,ke "se ot ?ur war means
and show the friends of humanity in
their home land what war looks like
and what it means. Our U-boats
fifiSitfmntl the ?rTler,can coastg for
L- li ' Pcaceful commerce. The
Americans may now feel t; e
.. war lord.
"They need not be surprised. He
who sows the wind reaps the whirl
wind even when he sits on the other
side of the great herring; pond, where
from the esrtorm."elUSl0n that he 13 safe
Alludes to "Starvation War."
?'tT^LC,?L0ffne Volka Zeltung talks about
those -who are prosecuting a starvation
war against our wives and SmdVen
^ ?S.rKVe ed to them oft their own
coasts the seriousness of war, when
the new strategyoT our U-boat war
which technically is becoming in
creasingly perfected, Is also directed
against the other shore of the At
lantic ocean. This, in view of the
character of our American opponent,
evokes on all sides the liveliest satis
faction among the German peoples."
bring YOUB TAX ?RTT.r.
Commissioner Roper Tells People to
Make Revenue Collecting Easy,
Taxpayers will avoid unnecessary
Inconvenience In paying- their income
and excess profits taxes if they will
bring their bills with them, to the of
fices of the collectors of Internal rev
enue, said a statement issued yes
terday by Revenue Commissioner
Otherwise clerks are compelled to
^rOU ?mce files to ascertain the
*mo"n,t due- This causes con
siderable delay in tho task of col
lecting hundreds of thousands of pay
ments within the next week.
Taxes are due next Saturday.
federal Police Commission Plan of
Director of Railroads.
CHICAGO, June 8.?The Chicago
railroad police commission has been
organized under instructions from the
fedexal director of railroads in an ef
ioj-t to stop the wholesale robbery of
freight cars, which amounts to more
than $1,000,000 annually.
The organization of federal railroad
police commissions will be extended
to every large railway terminal. Per
il?.?? l?rrested- *>y these commission.
.be Prosecuteed in the federal
today8' ? arrests were made here
Rochester Pro-German Accused of
Disloyal Utterances.
ROCHESTER, N. Y., June 8.?Otto
P. Hlller, secretary-treasurer of the
Rochester Brass Bed Company, was
arrested today by United States depu
ties on the charge of treason.
Th% ?rre*t was mad? on a warrant
Issued by Lnlted States Commissioner
Smith on complaint of Thomas 4, Cor
*? member of the firm of Gold
wnw ? Icity, who alleged
Hiller declared in his presence that he
was a pro-German, "a kaiser man. and
proud of it, and hoped every Ameri
can soldier who goes to Europe either
will be sunk by a submarine or killed
by a German bullet. *mea
action*1" waa locked up pending further
Tells American Expeditionary Force
to Relieve Relatives' Anxieties.
The War Department baa made pub
lic a general order issued recently by
Gen. Pershing encouraging members
of the American expeditionary forces
to keep up correspondence with their
relatives and friends at home.
One of the greatest arguments for
a constant flow of letters between
France and America. Gen. Pershinir
said, was that It relieves much dis
tress and anxiety on the part of rela
tives and friends at home
Increase of $87,000,000 in Paper
Handled by Federal Reserve Banks.
An increase of *87.000,000 In com
B^dVaT^^ F'd?"' Re?erve
Tropical Disease Not Found In
Southern Cantonments.
Reports that a number of soldiers
In southern camp., particularly at
New Orleans and Norfolk, had been
f^Sf" wlth "dengue fever," a trop
orncialfv rf?nTeHembl,nK typhoid. Wore
General Go?gada yesterday by Sur6eon
?Ari"y medlcal authorities have
usrh JnvestIgatlon, it waa
of the Slieali#!' faUed to "nd a trac#
Exodus Follows Negro Assault.
WHITESBURG, Ky.. June 8?Many
negroes hae left town as a result of
threats to lynch^Arch Cates, a negro,
who was arrested charged with' as
sault upon an eighteen-year-old white
woman near here. Only prompt ac
tion by the authorities was thought
iVe the negro's life. He
was hurried before Judge Samuel Col
lins, bound over to the grand Jury and
then rushed to Winchester for safe
Wouldn't Stand Tip, Is Arrested.
Schonfarber of New York, waa placed
in Jail here today by department of
justice agents pending further Investi
gation. Schonfarber waa arrested for
Hit V" during the playing
2 > J .* ?tar 8P*ngler Banner." In a lo
cal hotel lobby, when requested ta 4m
bo by other guests.
i , v
PARIS, June 8.?Marines have
carried their base ball humor
into the dugouts and trenches
of France.
"When the German shells
burst about us the fellows call
out 'Strike one4 or 'Ball one/ and
when a shell lands uncomfort
ably close, they shout 'Fair
For a time the sea soldiers
had great fun at what they
called the "international world's
series," but officers admonished
them that their exclamations
did not conform to trench eti
(Continued From First Page.)
their lives and remained as cool as
the veteran French infantrymen
around them will live in history.
Ten-Mile Front Divided.
In the heaviest fighting of the last
two days the French and Americans
about equally divided the ten-mile
battle line west of Chateau Thierry.
The allied forces, in perfect liaison,
slowly pressed the enemy back dur
ing the evening, though with a battle
at night the line was still subject to
The French troops have taken
three strongly held villages ami sev
eral heights, and are now maintain
ing themselvee on the heights south
east of Hautevenes. The enemy is
contesting every foot, giving up val
uable position? only at the cost of
heavy casualties.
The Americans have been locked
in a death grip with the enemy, at
tacking and counter attaoking like
Nest of German Machine Guns.
Belleau wood is a great nest of Ger
man machine guns, which the enemy
is using in great profusion in an effort
to hold new territory. Some idea of
the task confronting the Americans in
Belleau wood is given by the exploit
of a young lieutenant, who advanced
alone with an automatic rifle against
an enemy machine gun nest. He killed
the entire crew and brought the gun
back to the American lines.
Again when the line was pressed
back slightly a private of the Medical
Corps crawled forward alone to at
tend the wounded. Unaided he then
brought back four disabled men.
The line along which tie attack is
progressing is a few miles west of
Chateau Thierry, where American
machine gunners, fighting for the
first time, held the enemy a few days
ago. The American infantry is now
for the first time in desperate hand
to-hand fighting, and also holding its
own against some of the enemy's best
Captain Impressed. \
"I was Impressed by many things,"
a company's captain said today.
"First of all, the coolness of every
man, and espcciaJly of a young Geor
gia theological student who had been'
drafted, and who on the third day
complained because the boche shells
kept mussing up his gun position.
Second, the attitude of those wonder
ful French colonial troops with us.
They gave us inspiration. They said
wo gave them inspiration, so it was a
fifty-fifty exchange. Third, that beauti
tiful French barrage and our wonderful
'targets.' "
Berlin for First Time
Mentions American
Regiment in Report
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, via London, June 8.?At-,
tacks by allied troops around Chateau
Thierry and counter attacks on the
Ardre river resulted in "unimportant
gains of territory," according to the
official report from general headquar
ters today. The text of the statement
"Army of Crown Prince Rupprecht:
Artillery firing and reconnoitering
engagements revived intermittently.
"Army of the German crown prince:
Renewed enemy attacks northwest of
Chateau Thierry and counter attacks
to recover the line lost on the Ardre
only brought him unimportant gains
of territory. Several attacks by
French, American and British regi
ments broke down with heavy losses.
"On the rest of the front the situa
tion is unchanged."
For the first time In the war Ger
man headquarters has used the term
"American regiment" in its official re
port on the operations on the western
front. Even in announcing the loss
of Cantigny, the official communica
tion mentioned merely "the enemy"
as having occupied that place.
Several times, however, the Ger
mans have officially mentioned the
capture of American prisoners.
The supplementary official com
munication Issued by general head
quarters tonight says that the situa
tion Is unchanged on the battle front.
Six British Hold Off
600 Germans in Fight;
Victoria Cross'for One
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, June 8, via Ottawa.?An
nouncement of the- award of three
Victoria crossed. Including one to
Sergt. Albert Mountain, West Torks,
whose act was an outstanding ex
ample of supreme fearlessness and
Initiative, Is made In the official ga
zette. Mountain's company was com
pelled to fall back before the ad
vancing enemy mass. Volunteers for
a counter attack were being called
when Mountain and ten men stepped
forward. He advanced on the flank
with a Lewis machine gun and en
filaded an enemy patrol, of which
about 100 were killed. Mountain ral
lied and organized the party for de
fense and covered the retirement of
the rest of the company. With one
non-commissioned officer and four
men, he successfully held at bay 600
Germans for half an hour.
Later he took command of a flank
post and held on for twenty-seven
hours until finally surrounded. Moun
tain was one of the few who man
aged to fight their way back.
Night Marches Made
By Germans to Reach
Battlefields on Aisne
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, June 8, via Ottawa.?
Reuter's correspondent at French
headquarters telegraphs a letter writ
ten by a German officer giving a
striking picture of the opening of the
recant battle from the German view
point. It reads:
"On May 26 we had already marched
for three nights to reach our des
tination. By day one hardly ever
saw a soldier, but at night the roads
?warmed with troops, guns and con
voys. Half an hour after midnight
on the morning of May 37 we arrived
on the road just behind the first line.
There was no sleep for me, for a
creeping barrage opened from 3,000
guns. The earth trembled and the
moonlight was obscured by clouds of
vapor from the smoke shells.
'The Infantry attack began at 3
o'clock and fifteen minutes afterward
we passed the wire entanglements and
were bursting into the enemy coal-1
Hons. At the end of two hours we.
had fought our way through the en
emy positions to the Chemin des
Dames, opening a passage for the ar
tillery. By evening we had pushed
the French beyond the canal and over
the Aisne and then began a fierce pur
suit. Among the prisoners were
British, Italians, Americans and
U. S. Airmen With French
Distinguish Themselves
in Battle of Mame
PARIS, Juno 8.?American airmen in
the French army distinguished them
selves in the second battle of the
Marne. These men were members of
the Lafayette corps.
Sergeant David K. Putnam. of
Brookline, Mass., brought down two
|*enemy planes and was cited twice in
an order of the day. This makes his
official total six, in addition to six
plants brought down, but unofficially
Charles Veil of East Palestine,
Ohio, and Alfred H. Stanley of El
mira, N. Y., each brought down one
German plane.
Edward Stuart's leg Fractured, j
Boy Claxton Suffers Broken Skull.
Two Others Slightly Injured.
Sprcial Dispatch to Th*? Star.
BALTIMORE. Md.. June 8.?Two
men were badly injured and two
others bruised when their automobile
crashed with another machine on the
Washington boulevard about three
miles beyond Elkridge early tonight.
All of them are from Washington.
Edward Stuart sustained a compound I
fracture of the left leg and was bad
ly cut and bruised about" the body.
Roy E. Claxton's skull fractured ?
and he sustained minor irfjuries. Both
of them are at the University Hos- |
John R. Griffith and Harry J. Smith
escaped with slight injuries.
The quartet had been to Baltimore
and were on th?ir way back to Wash
ington when the collision occurred.
The four were thrown out of the au
tomobile. The machine in which they
were riding was owned by Ciaxton
and was being driven by Henry G.
Zimmerman of Clarendon, near Wash
ington. D. C. Zimmerman disappeared
after the accident. The owner pf the
other machine is not -known. It is
said it was not badly damaged and
continued on its way immediately
after the accident without even stop
ping to see how badly the men were
Other motorists soon appeared and
the men were picked up and brought
to Baltimore, ifavis and Griffith by
Charles David of Benedict, Md., and
Claxton and Smith by Charles D. Ham
mer of Washington. They were
rushed to University Hospital.
Griffith was suffering from a badly
lacerated face, but after being treat
ed at the hospital he was dismissed,
and Smith, who was badly bruised
about the face and body, also was
treated and allowed to go to his home.
None of the quartet seei^is to know
just how the accident happened.
(Evans and Wood Defeat Eastern
ers in Special Golf Play
to Aid War.
'CHICAGO, June 8.?"Chick" Evans
and Warren K. Wood, the western
team, defeated the east, represented
by Jerome D. Travers and John G.
Anderson, today, 5 up and 3 to play, in
an exhibition golf match over the Ravis
loe course for the benefit of the Red
Cross. A gallery of 3,000 watched the
play and swelled the receipts.
Wood was low man of the four with
a medal score of 76, and his steadi
ness largely was responsible for the
western team's victory. The eastern
ers won but one hole in the round, the
eighth, when Wood and Evans each
missed short putts for a half. Travers
won his hole with a par four.
' The bye-holes were played for the
benefit of the gallery and Evans and
Travers each turned In cards of 79,
while Anderson completed the round
in 84.
The privileges of caddying for the
four star golfers were auctioned off
before the match, $525 being paid for
i the honor Of shouldering the bag of
j Evans, present national amateur and
open champion. Two Army airplanes
from Rantoul flying field circled over
the course throughout the match.
British Newspaper Would Let Kus
sians and Austrian Slavs Know
What Allied Victory Means.
I By the Associated Tress.
LONDON, June 8.?The entente al
! lies have a great opportunity for a
J combined diplomatic offensive, with a
view to explaining to Russia and the
Austrian Slavs what an allied victory
will mean for them, in the opinion of
the Daily Express. The newspaper
calls upon the allies to translate
vague references to self-determina
tion into conchete terms, and to let
their pronouncement appear above
the signature of the United States as
well as the European allies.
"The German jackboot is heavy, and
the foot within it is ruthless and vig
orous. The foot stamps and the boot
grinds, but men are sometimes made
of hard metal. The crushing may be
incomplete and may stimulate resent
ment sooner than subjection," the Ex
press says.
"These reflections are suggested by
the present conditions in Russia and
Austria." it continues. "The better
the details of the Bre&t-Litovsk
treaty are understood the more gen
eral is Russia's discontent and hos
"She is out of the war, but remains
In the front rank of the peoples who
abhor Prussian tyranny with all their
souls. A patient people grown fa
miliar with injustice, the Russis^ns
are capable of stolid, passive resist
ance, flaring up now and again into
blind revolt, which is already worry
ing their German conquerors."
Urges More Display of Italian Flag.
NEW YORK, June 8.?A suggestion
for more generous display of the
Italian flag in company with those of
the other nations fighting against
Germany has been approved by Mayo**
Hylan. The suggestion was made by
Dr. Felice Ferrero, head of the Italian
bureau of information here, and the
mayor promised his co-operation in
asking citizens to carry the idea into
Bulgarians Are Dispersed.
PAKIS, June 8.?An official state
ment says:
"Eastern theater, June 7.?Near Lake
Butkovo British troops dispersed a
Bulgarian reconnoissance. On the
front of Doiran-Srka-Di-Legen the
enemy artillery carried out a sus
tained fire on our positions and rear
areaoi In the region of Cerna and
Monastir bad weather hindered the
ore rations,"
"Suffering Wont Blow Since Fall
of Constantinople in 1453,
Legation Heart.
NEW YORK. June 8.?Mohammedan
prisoners of war In Saloniki, accord
ing; to a cable message from Athens
to the Greek legation in Washing
ton, made public here today by the
American committee for Armenian
and Syrian relief, say that the Greeks
in Turkey are undergoing the worst
blow since the fall of Constantinople,
1453 A. D."
The message states that the Mo
hammedan captives say that since
the beginning of the war to the end
of 1017 more than 200,000 Greeks be
tween the ages of fifteen and forty
eight have been drafted forcibly into
the Turkish army, and that thou
sands of these have died as a result
of ill-treatment, hunger and epi
"More than 500,000 Greeks have
been deported from Thrace into Asia
Minor. One-half of the deportees
died from torture and illness," says
the cable message. "Many were
slaughtered and the survivors are in
a terrible plight. With the exception
of Smyrna, Constantinople and a few
other towns, all the Greeks in them
underwent terrible suffering, exile,
torture and starvation.
"Women are sold as slaves, men are
forced to become Mohammedans and
$5,000,000,000 worth of property be
longing to the Greeks has been con
fiscated. Men from Alvali and many
oth^r cities were seen working as
slaves, in rags and begging for bread.
Forty to fifty deaths occur daily
among the Greeks in Smyrna as the
result of hunger and weakness. Two
hundred families have been deported
from Tatavla in Constantinople.
"The streets in the larger cities are
full of Greek orphans, half naked and
begging for bread in spite of the fact
that the Turkish authorities have torn
them from the bosoms of their par
W. L. Ransom, Counsel for New
York Public Service Commis
sion, Hakes Issue.
NEW YORK, June 8.?Authority of
Director General McAdoo of the Na
tional Railroad Administration to In
crease passenger fares and freight
rates on railroads located wholly
within this city or state, without sub
mitting such proposed increases to
the state public service commissions,
is questioned by William L. Ransom,
chief counsel for the public service
commission of the first district. In an
opinion for the commission made pub
lic here tonight.
Director General McAdoo has an
nounced that increased passenger
rates will go into efTect June 10 and
that freight tariffs would be ad
vanced 25 per cent on June 25. The
rassenger increases affect commuta
tion rates in this state, against which
there have been many complaints.
Opinion of Ransom.
"My view of the matter," says Mr.
Ransom in his opinion, "is that no
action has been taken by the Con
gress or the President which .author
izes the director general of railroads
to Initiate rates for the ordinary j
ourse of intrastate transportation
by any procedure other than thai
prescribed by the state laws, or which
transfers to the Interstate Commerce
Commission in Washington the sole
jurisdiction to regulate intrastate j
rates, with power to disregard state
laws. Commission orders. franchise j
provisions and the solemn agreements
of the companies with franchise;
granting or public contractual author
"The right and power of the director
preneral of railroads so to supervise
the operation of the railroad and so
to rehabilitate their properties that
they will most efficiently perform the
great tasks of war-time transporta
tion is most clear.
Bight Not Clear.
"The right and power of the di
rector general, irrespective of mili
tary necessities, to say to all pas
sengers and all shippers, even be
tween points wholly within% state or
a single city, that hereafter rates and
fares need not be reasonable and re
munerative according to the familiar
standards of existing statutes and
judicial decisions, but that the basis
of rate-making shall be the revenue
needs and the taxation policy of the
federal exchequer, Is far from clear.
"I do not believe the Supreme Court
of the United States would uphold
such a delegation of power by Con
gress, if attempted and clearly ex
pressed, which it has not been."
Coal and Other Fuel Move More
Freely From Siberia.
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Sunday, June 2.?The 1
*tlroad situation in Russia has im
proved somewhat, according to the
report made to the central executive
committee of the soviet#by N. Nevsky,
assistant commissioner of railroads.
This is particularly true in Siberia,
where coal and other fuel are being
obtained more easily.
The assistant commissioner said
that the percentage of disabled loco
motives was about thirty. Cars show
ed a higher percentage. Repair shops
are unable to cope with the prob
lems owing to the lack of metal and
In European Russia the railroads
are congested with empty cars, the
number on some lines reaching
10.000. ,
Although the Germans captured
scores of thousands of cars and sev
eral thousand locomotives, M. Nevsky
said, Russia still had plenty. In 1917
Russia had 560.000 cars and over
20.000 locomotives, but the number is
now considerably less.
The reduction would probably not be
felt greatly because of the reduction
in Russian mileage from 45,000 miles
to 35,000.
Declare Military Permits Jersey
Resorts to Blaze Despite
Fear of Boche.
New YORK, June R.?Coney Island
business men, whose trade has suf
fered since the light-dimming order
issued by the New York police de
partment. at the behest of the mili
tary authorities, as a safeguard
against a possible German air raid,
protested today that discrimination
I was being shown other resort towns
j along the coast, particularly In New
Jersey. The glare of their lights,
they said, was noticeable every night
wQiile Coney Island remained dark
A Coney Island committee who
sought permission of the police to
light up Saturday, Sunday and Mon
j day nights, were told it was for the
federal authorities to decide.
Police Commissioner Knright stated
that the light-dimming edict had
originated at Governors Island, where
Adjt. Gen. Simpson, acting for Maj.
Gen. Mann, in command of the De
partment of the Kast. had issued the
request to the police, sanctioned by
the military authorities in Wash
The order "is working," according
to the commissioner. "Navy officials at
Sandy Hook reported to me that the
?glare which previously appeared
above New York and could be seen fer
miles south of the Hook is now al
together missing," he said "A boche
plane would have a hard time finding
anything to shoot at."
Birmingham Workers Ask Help
Under Threat to Defend Them
selves in Own Way. ?
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.. June 8.?Ap
peals to Samuel Gompers, president
of the American Federation of Labor,
and to members of Congress from this
district for federal protection for or
ganized labor, have been made by
the Birmingham Trades Council. This
follows the tarring and feathering of
William Hale, negro, organizer for
the American Federation of Labor,
and warning to leave the district
given him, and Edward Crough, or
ganizer of mine, mill and smelter
workers for the Western Federation
of Labor, by a band of unknown par
ties In North Birmingham last night.
It was stated in telegrams, said to
have been sent Mr. Gompers and
others, that organized labor demands
protection from the government in
their right to organize, that no pro
tection was afforded by local authori
ties and that if no protection is forth
coming' organized labor will be forced
to protect itself in its o*vn way.
Crough and Hale, it is said, h/ive
not left the city. Both have declined
to make any statement regarding the
7t was at first reported that the
men wjio visited the two were mem
bers of the Vigilantes, but this is
now denied. It is claimed that they
were gunmen.
Union College Rescind*?IX. D. for
Mr. Lansing and Gen. March.
SCHENECTADY. N. Y.. June 8.?
The trustees of Union College today
by resolution rescinded their action
of four years ago conferring the de
gree of doctor of laws upon Count
Johann von Bernstorff, former Ger
man ambassador to the United States.
The action of the trustees strikes
the name of Count von Bernstorff
from the list of honorary chancellors
of Union University and honorary
alumni of Union College.
Next Monday the college will con
fer the degree of doctor of laws on
Secretary of State Robert Lansing
and Gen. Peyton C. March.
Wounded Passengers Burned in
Cars and Women Carried Off. i
EL. PASO. Tex. June 8.?Sixty train !
guards ami passengers were killed
when bandits attacked a passenger
train- at Las Olas, Durango. near
Tephuanes, May 27, according to a
delayed message received here to
night from Durango City.
A rail was removed from the track
and the train wrecked. The train
guard of federal soldiers were killed
during the attack which folio,wed.
Three woiffided passengers were
burned to death when the bandits
set fire to the train after robbing it
of 60.000 pesos that was being sent to
pay the Durango troops.
A number of girls and women were
carried off. The bandits numbered
800, according to the report.
Senator New In Airplane.
ed States Senator Harry S. New of |
Indiana, who left the Indianapolis
speedway at 3:45 o'clock this after
noon in an airplane for a trip to Day
ton, Ohio, arrived there safely, mak
ing the trip in an hour, according to j
a telegram received by Mrs. New this
The trip was made in a Curtiss bi
plane, equipped with a liberty motor
and piloted by Caleb Bragg of the
Dayton Aviation Field. Senator New
is a member of the Senate aircraft in
vestigating committee and expected
to join other members of the commit
tee at Dayton.
Troop Train Whistles Curbed, i
PHILADELPHIA, June 8.?Except >
for the giving of proper and neces- j
sary signals, locomotive whistles on !
the Pennsylvania railroad eastern j
lines are forbidden to be blown dur- j
Ing the movement of troop trains. An ?
order to this effect, issued today by ;
Elisha Lee, federal manager, was in
compliance with the desires of mili
tary authorities. Shop whistles must
cease the practice of saluting the
This Association Is prepared to send?free of charge?an advisory
nurse to any household In which there is an individual showing signs
of a slowly developing case of _
Consumption, Known a* Tuberculosis,
and ?which may require medical attention. The symptoms are: Daily
attacks of a tired feeling, a persistent light cough or loss of weight,
any or all of them.
This disease can be prevented and can be cured if attended
to in time. Don't wait nntil it is too late.
Call on this Association for advice when those symptoms first
appear. No charge is made. This Association is supported by public
spirited citizens.
Association for the Prevention 'of Tubercul* its
Address: 923 H Street N.W. Telephone* Main 992.
Ilk aetloe is 9lid f*r by the AjmcUtiom far 'the PrmatlM of TnlhreolMts.
One Writer Scornfully Depreciates
Part Played by IT. S. Troops
in Battle.
By Associated rr*#?.
AMSTKHPAM, June 8.?Stiil follow
ing the policy of belittling for the
benefit of the German people the
valuo of American military help n
the war. the correspondent of the
Tapes Zeitung devotes .the whole of
his latest dispatch from headquarters
to a scornful depreciation of the part
played by t he Americans against tli ?
German offensive.
Professing to summame tracos of
American assistance to the entente,
which the German troops came across
in the captured region, all he thinks
fit to inform his readers about is The
destruction and capture of three
American armored motor cars. !'??-?*
rapture of a number of new heavy
batteries* of American manufacture.
American shells and American rub
ber. and then concludes:
"We do not underestimate
American, or any other enemy, for w?l
know that we have to overcome every]
one at the cost of German blood in or
der to attain peace and free devel
opment of German strength. Hut t
when we read what the Paris and i
London press has hitherto achieved ir* J
glorification of American m?litarv
help. and when w<* see what has come
out of this in one of the entente's
most fateful hours, we are. alter a
great victory which has taken us
over* all the American batteries, am
bulances, soldiers' recuperation
homes and picture post card depots to
the Marne, Justified in saying: 'We
! await events.' and. with Fritz Reu
ter, 'I laugh over it.' "
Indiscreet Servant Bevfals Plot of
Nicholas to Get Away
From Tobolsk.
covery of a plot to free the former
Emperor of Russia while he Mas con
fined at Tobolsk, to take him to
Sweden and thence to America is re
ported in German newspapers re
ceived here.
According to the accounts published,
the chief conspirator was Prince Paul
Bolgerouki, grand marshal of the Im
perial Russian court under Emper^
Nicholas, who placed 600,000 rubles at
his disposal, with which to bribe all
the members of his guard. The plot
failed, the papers say, owing to th*
indiscretion of a servant, who di
vulged the plans.
A dispatch from Petrograd to Lon
don on May 13 said that the soviet
government had officially confirmed
reports that Nicholas R^mancff. the
former emperor, together with the
former empress and one of their daugh
ters. was removed from Tobolsk to
Kkateinburg in consequence of the
I' discovery of a peasant conspiracy to
assist in his escape. Alexie Roman
off, the former heir-apparent, re
mained at Tobolsk, owing to iil
health, the dispatch added.
Will Hold Conference in Street
Car Men's Dispute.
I NEWARK, N. J.. Jure 8.?William
jH. Taft, chairman of the federal war
j labor board, informed officers of the
Public Service Corporation today that
J he would arrive here tomorrow to
consider the demands of the corpora
tion's trolley car employes. A con
ference of labor leaders and corpora
tion officers was at once arranged, to
take place tomorrow night.
After being on strike for several
days, during which industries engag
ed in government war contracts w?re
hampered, the employes returned
work yesterday, both sides agreeing
to abide b jythe labor board's decision.
Three in New Orleans Tried to
Bribe Member of Board.
NEW ORLEANS. June 8.?Joseph
Rosenberg, attorney; Michael La
vigne, hardware dealer, and his son.
Louis M. Lavigne, in federal court
here today were convicted of violat
ing the selective service act, making
false statements and attempting to
bribe a member of one of the local
exemption boards. The maximum pen
alty is two years in prison, a fine of
$10,000, or both.
Judge Foster released them on bail
and granted their counsel one week
in which to file motion for a new trial.
First Woman in Army Service Be
gins Duties at Camp Grant.
ROCKFORD, 111., June 8.?Dr. lea
belle Gray of St. Louis said to be the
first woman admitted to Army serv
ice with the status of an officer, re
ported for duty today at Camp Grant,
and will be assigned as an anasthet
lst at the base hospital. She has
practiced medicine fourteen years.
Pr. Gray has the standing In
United States Army of a first lie*;
tenant, but under the special order'
of the War Department admitting
women to the medical division is not
permitted to wear the insignia of tl
rank, though she draws the salarv
She enlisted in St. Louis Apjil 2. and
took a special course in mllitai..
medical training before reportlnn
here for active duty.
Todd Corporation and Tabo Yacht
Basin Suspected of Fraud.
NEW YORK, June 8?Evidence in
tended to enable a federal grand Jury
to determine whether fraud and profi
teering have taken place at the yards
of the Todd Shipbuilding Corporation
and a subsidiary, the Tebo Tacht
Basin, both .In Brooklyn, was pre
sented to the jury today.
Federal agents recently seized rec
ords of the corporation, which has
government shipbuilding contracts
aggregating 570,000,000. Federal au
thorities said that the jury would
inquire whether excessive profits ran
been made in the sale by one company
to the other, of material used on tne
St. John's Paper Gets Belief.
ST. JOHNS, N. F.. June S.?An In
terim injunction lifting the embargo
imposed by the Newfoundland gov
ernment upon the Daily Star of thl?
cltv has been issued by the supr?a?
court The publication was suppres?
ed last week for editorial utterances
held by the government to be detri
mental to the military act. The courf?
decision allows the Star, to pub.i?h
pending a decision on the main ques
tion a? to the power of the govern
ment under the military act.

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