OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 29, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1918-06-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Partly cloudy tonight and tomorrow;
warmer tonight.
Temperature for twenty-four houra
ending noon today: Highest, 81, at
4:50 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 66, at 5:30
a.m. today.
Full report o^ page 12.
Member of the Associated Press
Th? Associated Preaa Ja sxclnsirely entitled U
the tiaa for republication of all iifwi dispatches
credited to It or not otherwise credited to this
paper and also the local news published herein*
All rijhta of publication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Yesterday's Net CircuUtion, 98,471,
No. 27,094.
President Urriola Protests,
Declaring His Government
Capable of Keeping Order.
Election Dates Postponed Despite
Direction From Washington?Op
position Complained of
Br the Associated Press.
PANAMA, June 29.?Upon orders
from "Washington, American troop3 be- '
l?an policing Panama and Colon at 2
o'clock yesterday afternoon.
The action "was taken under the !
treaty of 3004 authorizing the United
States to assume this police duty when*'
ever it was necessary to maintain or
der. The Panaraan government has
protested to "Washington against the
Americans Boycotted Cities.
Because the former administration
had refused to correct conditions in
the two cities, soldiers in the Canal
Zone -were forbidden to enter them.
Civilian employes boycotted Colon and
Panama until the mandate of the mili
tary authorities was carried out by j
the Panama government.
The new administration, under Pres
ident Urriola. began to clean up the
cities, in connection with this work. It i
announced that the elections fixed for
June 20 and July 7 would be postponed 1
for six months because of fear that se
rious disordersv might occur if held on
the dates set by law.
The opposition party protested to
"Washington against deferment of
election, claiming that such a move
would serve no purpose except to
favor the candidates supported by the
new administration. The American
State Department advised President
Urriola to hold the election.
He replied that a fair election could
not be held now. He also suggested
that American commissioners super
vise the making up of po!i books and
assume charge of an election to be
held late in July or early in August,
which, he said, could be held In an
. open and fair manner. Xo disorders
have been reported since it was an
nounced that the decree forbidding
?the election would be enforced by the
The opposition party again protest
l ed to Washington. Yesterday the
I American State Department notified
, President Urriola that because of dis
orders American troops would police
the cities until further notice. No
/ time limit being set. there is no one
In Panama who knows how long the
occupation will continue.
Statement fcy Urriola.
Dr. Ciro Urriola, the President of
Panama, yesterday Issued a statement
on the situation. It reads:
??Foreign Secretary Lefevre states
that at 11 o'clock yesterday morning
the charge d'affaires of the United
i States delivered a note informing him
that the United States, by virtue of
article 7 of the treaty of 1904, has or
dered that its armed forces, at 2
o'clock this afternoon, would enter.
j the cities of Panama and Colon to
, maintain the public order In those
. parts of the waters adjacent to them.
"At that hour, in the midst of pro- i
found tranquillity, the armed Ameri
can forces entered without the least
resistance on the part of our police
or of the authorities, notwithstanding
that the Panaman government did
not have time to inform the city au
thorities as to the manner In which
the American troops could exercise
their functions as police, because the
memorandum covering this feature
* waa not handed to me until after 1
o'clock In the afternoon.
*1 do not wish to characterize now
aa unjustifiable this act of the gov
i ernment of the United States, but the
* fact should be considered that my
(government, with the forces at its
disposal, is able to maintain public
order In the whole nation and. with
out doubt. In the cities of Panama and
i Colon.
'True It Is that there Is considerable
_ political excitement because of the
J approaching elections, but this is char
t acteristlo of all democracies. It is
* also true that, although there wore '
f*?ars of disturbances in some parts
of the republic, nothing lias taken
place, nor could take place, which 1
would give rise to a doubt that the 1
government is impotent to put down '
with a strong hand the least attempt
at public disorder.
"It !is also pertinent that the polit- ;
leal problem which stirs the country |
could have been solved satisfactorily !
by the United States, whose friendly 1
co-operation was solicited."
Urriola Cables Wilson.
President Urriola has prepared a
manifesto to the country and yester
day afternoon sent the following
cablegram to President "Wilson:
?Today at 11 o'clock I was In
formed by the charge d'affaires of
the United States in this capital that
at 1 o'clock in the afterroon the cities
of Panama and <*olon would be occu
pied by the military forces of the
Canal Zone, on the pretext of main- I
talnlng public order.
w? against this interference
which violates the sovereignty of
Panama without any Justification, in- i
asmuch as the government of Panama
has sufficient means to maintain pub
lio order in these cities, and I decline
to share with your excellency's gov
ernment the responsibilities which bo
grave an action Implies.
American Troops to Stay
Until After the Elections
to Keep Down Disorder
The order to the troops to police
th? eltlee of Panama and Colon was
based on Information received at the
State Department from the govern
, ment of Panama that grave disorders
were expected because of the post
ponement of the presidential elections
aet for June SO.
The government has undertaken to
cl?aa op the two rttlee. and explained
that while that work was In progress
It did not think It advisable to hold
th? ?lections. The troops, according to
J>r??*nt Intentions, will remain In Co
lon ?4?d Panama until order Is estab
and the election* held.
Try to Null Foch's Gains Be
low Soissons?Italians Beat
Foe Near Bligny.
Improve Positions East of Haze
brouck?Americans Seize Forty
Enemies Near Mrfhtdidier.
By the Associated Tress.
Positions taken from the Ger
mans by the French on Friday
along the vital sector of the line
southwest of Soissons have been
the scene of vigorous counter
thrusts by the enemy. These
attacks, one at Fosse-en-Bas
and the other on Cutry ravine,
which are about three miles
apart, have been repulsed by
the French, according to the of
ficial statement issued by the
war officc at Paris. The new
French lines have been held in
tact. The Italian forces south
west of Rheims, on the heights
of Bligny, w^o last week gal
lantly held their positions
against two strong assaults by
the Germans, have again re
pulsed the enemy, after they
had succeeded in gaining a foot
hold in their lines. American
units northwest of Montdidier,
in the vicinity of Cantigny,
have captured forty prisoners.
French and British Attacks.
Attacking the Germans suddenly on
two widely separated sectors. French
and British troops have Improved
their positions greatly and captured
1,400 prisoners.
By their enterprise in taking the In
itiative unexpectedly $he allies ap
parently caught the Germans napping
and realized their objectives In a
short time. The British rectified their
line east of Hazebrouck, in Flanders.
South of -the Aisno the French drove
the enemy back on the important Am
bleny-Montgobert sector, which bars
the open space between the forests of
<'ompeigne and Villers-Cotterets. The
fighting here continues.
Not only did the allies straighten out
their lines, but they took from the
Germans salients which would have
suited admirably as "jumping off"
points in future operations. Although
the British attacked on a front of
three and a half miles and the French
on four and one-half miles, each ef
fort was intended as a purely local
operation to harass the enemy.
Wipe Out German Salient.
In the north the British wiped out
the German salient toward the Nieppe
forest northwest of Nerville. and that
town now is menaced seriously. Three
hamlets were retaken In an advance
of one mile, and the Germane lost 300
prisoners. Australian troops around
Merris, north of Marvin* made a
small gain and took forty-three Gar
th* Noyon-Mont
aldler front the German crown prince
made a strong attack south of the
Alsne for the apparent purpose of
getting- in behind the forest of Com
A V,arsre part of th* gains
mad? then have now been recaptured
by the French. Important positions
were taken from the Germans. whos?
lines were penetrated at several
pol(*ts to a depth of more than & mile.
Tom ?f prlsonera totals
Berlin reports the German troops
as striving to check the Hl-anoo-Brit
Ish attacks. Mervllle Is fhe farthest
W6?t.t, ?ermar>? reached In
tho L,ys battle and the Briltsh gain
there lessens the peril to Hazebrouck
, less satisfactory from the allied
viewpoint Is the successful French
rSfi?fJOU(h 0f ,h? Alsn?. Which also
fess vTtaf pohit.presmire at a more or
Intense Aerial Activity.
Intense atrial activity continues
without a let-up. The Germans re
peated their raid on Paris Friday
night for the third night in succes
sion. but only a few* bolnb. we
dropped. In lighting In the air allied
.ii men have accounted for flfty-three
enemy machines, while Berlin reports
the shooting down of twenty-flve al
lied airplanes. French airmen are
bombing military targets in Plcardy
and north of the Marne, and British
bombers persist in their raids into
the region about Metz.
Fighting activity on the Italian
front is of minor character. Artillery
duels have increased in vigor along
the front. Austro-Hungarlan trenches
on the Aslago plateau have been pen
etrated by British troops, who took
French Line Held Intact.
PARIS. June 29.?German attacks
on the front southwest of Soissons
for the purpose of ejecting the
I French from positions taken by them
; on Thursday night were repulsed last
might, and the French line was held
intact, according to the statement is
sued by the war office today.
In addition to their attack on the
front In the Soissons area the Ger
mans sent assault detachments
against the lines held by the Italians
on the Bligny heights, southwest of
Rheims. The Italians drove off the
German thrust. The statement reads
"Two German attacks, for the pur
pose of retaking French positions
south of the Alsne which were occu
pied by the French on Thursday night
were repulsed. An attack by a num
ber of German battalions between
Fosse-en-Bas and Sutry ravine were
repulsed along the new front and the
French lines were held intact.
Germans Driven Back.
"Southwest of Rheims. the Italians
engaged In a sharp combat with the
(Continued on Second Page. J
Largely Made Up of Non
Combatants; Gen. Pershing
to Send Fighters.
Gen. March Views Present Situa
tion as "Extremely Favorable"
to the Allies.
The first American troops landed in
Italy yesterday, Gen. March, chief of
staff, announced today. These are not
the force sent by Gen. Pershing, but
consisted of units shipped from this
The troops now In Italy consist
largely of sanitary units, but include
other special organizations. Gen.
March explained. On the whole, how
ever, the force is made up mostly of
non-combatant units. The combatant
troops will be sent by Gen. Pershing,
as previously announced.
Number Not Announced.
Gen. March had no announcement to
make today as to the total number of
troops shipped from this country to
France. Formal announcement, he
said, would be made later.
Surveying the entire front, Gen. March
said the situation could be said to be
extremely favorable to the allies. He
had received no official report on the
two attacks made yesterday by the
French and British and would make no
comment on these or upon the indica
tions of an impending German attack.
The first National Army division has
taken up a sector of the front. Gen.
March announced it is the 77th, raised
in New York, trained at Camp Upton
and originally commanded by Maj. Gen.
J. Franklin Bell. It was taken across
under Maj. Gen. Johnson.
Pershing Gets Back Troops.
The announcement was made also
that five American divisions, which
had been brigaded with the British
for training, have been returned to
Gen. Pershing's command, the train
ing having been completed.
One of these is the 35th Division,
composed of Kansas and Missouri
troops, and commanded by Maj. Gen.
William M. Wright when it left the
United States.
During the past week American ac
tivities in France have been local in
character, but official reports show
that the Americans at all time? .and
places have more than held their own,
Gen. March said. Fine examples of in
dividual bravery are coming, he said,
iiraicating that the rank and file are
doing splendidly all along the line.
Gen. March disclosed that the official
reports from the Italian front placed the
number of Austrians captured at 18,000
and also a large amount of war mate
rial. The line of the Piave has been en
tirely restored by the Italian** and In
some places has been slightly ad
Military opinion, Gen. March said,
found the Austrian attack faulty be
cause it was spread over so large a
front as to make it Impossible to
carry through successfully.
The Austrian disaster which followed
is valuable to the allies not o:ily In a.
military sense, but psychologically, the
chief of staff said, because of its stimu
lating effect upon Italian morale, both
among the civil population and the
army. The practical result in prison
ers and guns taken also was. of
coufse, valuable, he said.
Following enthusiastic praise by
senators of the administration of the
Army draft, the Senate adopted ?n
amendment to the Army appropriation
bill designed to promote Provost Mar
shal General Crowder to the rank of
lieutenant general. The amendment
by Senator McKellar of Tennessee,
would authorize the President to give
the provost marshal that title during
the war.
Fall Amendment Rejected.
Rejection of the Fall amendment pro
posing extension of the draft ages to
twenty and forty years paved the way
for passage by the Senate today of the
112,000,000,000 Army appropriation bill.
The long discussion over the extension
of the draft ages, which was considered
unnecessary by Secretary Baker and
Gen. March, chief of staff, in statements
made before the Senate military com
mittee, was ended by an adverse vote
of forty-nine to twenty-five. The de
bate on the Fall amendment, as well as
on similar amendments offered by Sen
ator Hardwick of Georgia and by Sen
ator Weeks of Massachusetts, indicated
that the majority of members prefer to
postpone all efforts to extend the draft
ages until the new Army program,
promised by Secretary Baker, Is sub
Changes Made by Senate.
The appropriation bill as It stood for
passage today contain^ several lm
f>ortant Senate amendments. The organ
zation on the same lines aa the Emer
gency Fleet Corporation of the $100,
000,000 Aircraft Production Corporation
for the1 purposes of co-ordination is
authorized. Basing draft quotas on
the number of men In class 1, in
stead of upon state population, also
is authorized. Neutrals who claim
exemption from the draft shall not be
eligible for United States citizenship,
according to the provisions of an
other amendment.
Huge Fortifications Bill Is Report
ed. to the Senate.
The record-breaking $5,408,000,000
fortifications appropriation bill, pro
viding for manufacture of ordnance
designed to drive the Germans back
across the Rhine, was reported to the
Seqfite today by the Senkte appropria
tions committee and arrangements
were made for rushing it to final en
An increase of $4,000,000 in the
House appropriations was provided by
the Senate committee. Including addi
tional funds for proving grounds and
11,000.000 for aviation defense of tb?
Panama canal.
Internment Camps Not a Big
Item in America's
War Budget.
(Copyright, 1918. by N. Y. Erenlns Post Co.)
HOT SPRINGS, N. C., June 28.?
Tsing-Tau and a brass band and a
German Internment camp In the
mountains of North Carolina do not
seem offhand to have any connection
with each other, but such are the vi
cissitudes of war that the United
States government is today taking
care of thirty-six musicians who played
for the German garrison at Kai-chow
before it fell into the hands of the
The Germans had the foresight to
havp themselves enrolled as members
of the Red Cross. Consequently when
the Japanese captured the place, the
German band asked to be returned to
Germany as non-combatants, a re
quest with which the Japanese com
Decided to Stay Here.
So they started across the Pacific
and stopped in the United States en
j route to Germany. This country was
j neutral at the time, and our Depart
I ment of State made inquiry of the
British government concerning safe
passage across the Atlantic, but here
the British said nay and wouldn't
guarantee anything, so the Germans
decided to sojourn in America.
They went from city to city giving
concerts, and were enjoying them
selves. But when war broke out be
tween the United States and Germany
they were promptly Interned, for be
sides being musicians there are chem
ists and bomb experts and persons
gifted in occupations that might, If
practiced, produce considerable mis
chief. They are of much less concern
with their occasional band concerts
inside the camp.
There's probably not another com
munity like this in the country. Be
sides having a fine brass band and
an orchestra and mandolin and guitar
players, there are doctors, dentists,
tailors, plumbers, electricians, gas
fitters, botanists, naturalists, chem
ists, cooks, bricklayers and car
Built Their Own Houses.
In fact, most of these Germans
seem to be carpenters. Judging by the
little houses they have built. They
have achieved the most artistic ef
fects by building a row of a dozen or
more arbor-like structures fenced
about and adorned with little garden
beds. It constitutes a miniature Ger
I man village, and the Germans have
j selected a mayor, to whom all plans
must be submitted before anybody is
permitted to erect another house.
Presumably it wouldn't be German if
there weren't a number of "verboten"
signs about, and with cynical humor
the occupants have put up about
every kind of prohibition they have
ever known, from "Keep off the
grass" to "No loafing allowed" and
"Smoking strictly prohibited." And
if there's one thing which the Ger
mans seem to be doing morning, noon
and night. It's smoking. There are
pipes of every age and odor.
The little houses which they have
constructed are crudely furnished,
with odd bits of discarded lumber and
debris The Germans rummaged In
the big piles of rubbish which they
found back of the old, run-down hotel
here, and cleaned it up. Everything,
from chimney bricks to lattices and
condensed milk cans, seemed to have
a use.
Tin Covering for Hut.
One man hammered 4 out about a
hundred cans, and covered his hut
with a silverlike exterior, wftlch glis
tens in the sun. Another fashioned a
windmill for himself. There he sits
most of the day reading. Another was
content with a box-shaped house
about two feet wide and three feet
long; no?larger hardly than a doll's
house, but he put a big sign "Tailor
Shop" on the outside, and repairs
clothes for his compatriots. Another
occupies himself all day in a similar
workshop, making fancy boxes and
carving souvenirs. Still another busies
himself at the easel, drawing marine
I saw two naturalists mounting all
the many kinds of bugs and caterpil
lars and butterflies that have invaded
the camp since spring. Another man
proudly showed me glass jars full of
rattlesnakes he had caught. All the
Germans seem to be fond of animal
pets. A year ago somebody brought a
pair of rabbits. And now the camp is
full of them. There are plenty of
' (Continued on Eleventh Page.)
Peculiar Geography of Northern Italy and
Douht About Attack From Mountain
Had Bearing on Situation.
The decisive turn of the Piave contest
came last Saturday and such immediate
consequences as were to be expected by
reason of Italian victory may fairly be
estimated to have been developed by the
present time. Therefore, It is of utmost
Interest and significance to note that,
having pushed a beaten foe across the
Piave, Italy has declined to venture upon
an offensive of her own at this time,
and in a measure, at least, has resumed
the defensive.
Such a surprising: course must require
explanations which have not yet been
made. Given the extent of the victory
and the degree -.of disarray, however
temporary, resulting in Austrian ranks,
Diaz's troops might have been expected
to go at least as far as the Tagliamento
and clear the Austrians out of half of
occupied Venetia. Moreover, we are
pretty well informed that Austria, so far
back as last winter, prepared her main
line of resistance to any Italian offensive
behind the Tagliamento.
Meaning* of Italian Strategy.
What, then. Is the meaning of the
Italian strategy? A great offensive
has been repulsed with terrific losses
and it has manifestly resulted In
further weakening the morale of the
army of a nation whose civilian mo
rale is notoriously low. Such reports j
| of the battle of the Piave as we have \
j snow that at the end the Austrians
[retired in. a disorder which at cer-I
tain points approximated a rout, leav
I ing guns, prisoners and material be- j
hind them. Why were they not pur-I
sued east of the Piave and at all haz
Probably because the Italian high
command recognized that there was
gathering a new thrust in the Tren
tine mountains, probably because it
learned of a ha^ty concentration of
German divisions on the north of
Asiago and In the upper Brenta val
ley. As it looks now, only one-half
of the Austrian blow was delivered.
In the mountains the fighting never
reached the severity or the extent
whfch it had in the plain. From many
different sources comes the sugges
tion that the enemy troops In the
mountains were awaiting a certain
measure of progress In the plain be
fore they struck, and that progress
never came.
But this would leave the threat still
standing and it would make a wide
swinging pursuit of the Austrians in
the plain perilous while there was still
concentrated upon the exposed and
dangerous flank of Italian arm'ies
the masses of troops in the Trentino
and the upper Piave valley.
Geography Has Bearing.
It is always essential to keep in
mind the relation of the geography to
the strategy of any campaign in Ve
netia. Austria holds all but a thin
edge of the high ground north of the
great plain. Last year she almost
pushed the Italians off this thicr edge.
If she can ever accomplish this feat
then the Italians will have to retire
to the Adige. and if they are not able
to retire swiftly from their Piave po
sitions between Montello and the sea
they will suffer a great disaster, be
cause their main lines of communi
cations in their rear will be cut.
This is the essential vice of the
Italian position; it was a far greater
weakness when the Italians were
strung out all the way in a broad cir- j
cle from the t>olomites to the Julian'
Alps and from Caporetto to the sea.
because then, while the Italian lines
of retreat to safety behind the Adige
were more than a hundred miles long,
the Austrians were always within a
scant dozen miles of these communi
cations. This was what made the J
offensive of June, 1916, which coin
cided with the Verdun attack, so
serious. This was what made the
Isonzo disaster at Caporetto last year
so dangerous.
Now that the Italians are behind the
Piave they have less than twenty
miles to clear while the enemy is
advancing half that amount, and,
therefore, they are reasonably sure
to get away, even if their hill posi
tions are forced. But if they should
push east again, with the same old
menace still standing in the moun
tains, the farther they get east the
greater the peril for them of any suc
cessful push of tfid Austrians out of
the hills and toward the Verona
Vicenza-Treviso railway. Only when
the threat In the hills has been
eliminated canDiaz go east safely.
Italians Have Best Position.
As It stands the Italians have all the
best of it in their present position..
They have interior lines and can move
reserves rapidly from a central point
either north against the Trentino
threat, or east against -any attack
coming from the Piave direction. The
Austrians cannot move troops from
the'mountains to the plain or from the
plain to the mountains without trans- |
porting them over two hundred miles
of railroad via Villach. They have to
be strong on two flanks to avoid an
overwhelming attack on one, while
the Italians have all their troops con
centrated and immediately available
on either flank.
Conceivably, Diaz has merely paused
to organize an offensive. Not impossi
bly the extent of his success susprised
him. But the more convincing reason
for his failure to exploit his victory
further would seem to be an accurate
and rational appraisal of the dangers
that remain. The time to pass to the
offensive, in his calculations, may be
only when the Austrians in the moun-v
tains have also made their thrtist and
failed. This would be the more rea
sonable if he has information of the
gathering of German troops in this
Another Blow Not Improbable.
But In any event we see now that
the Austrian defeat can hardly be
transformed into a Jena; the Austrian
retreat does not recall in extent or
haste the retreat of the Germans
from the Marne. The Italians do not
seem to have undertaken any very
serious attempt to press the Austri
ans far beyond the east bank of the
Piave, and the situation seems to be
stabilizing itself on approximately
the lines of the two armies before the
Austrians launched their attack. If
this condition prevails, then our esti
mate of the Italian victory at the
Piave will have to be that it was a
magnificent defensive battle, followed
by a prudent refraining from any
dangerous offensive until the inevita
ble second enemy blow had been par
ried. This does not diminish the
brilliance of the Italian achievement;
this does not lessen its value at this
time, but it should lead to Caution in
predicting an immediate collapse of
Austrian armies.
The Piave was a defensive victory
of proportions vastly greater than
first Ypres. It saved Venice and Vene
tia and it gave new hope and confi
dence to all the allied publics. But
it was not, so far as one can1 now
see, a decisive battle in the sense of
destroying the defeated army or driv
ing it out of the ground it occupied
before the battle began, and in this
it suggests an obvious comparison
with our own Gettysburg. We have
had to wait a week to be sure of this,
but all indications now at hand point
to a resumption by the Italians of
the defensive for the time being, and
there are many signs pointing to a
new enemy assault, this time fur
nished with a German spearhead, as
in the Caporetto time.
S.S. Onondaga, Boston for Florida,
Strikes Reef?Crew of 35 Saved.
BQSTON, June 29.?The steamer
Onondaga, Boston for Florida points,
struck a reef off Watch Hill last
night and went to the bottom. The
'crew of thirty-five was saved.
The Onondaga, a Clyde line freight
er, left here Thursday afternoon in
command of Capt. Googins. Officers of
the line here said they had received
no direct word of the sinking from
the captain early today, although
they learned later from naval author
ties that the crew had escaped.
The Onondaga was a vessel of 2,696
tons gross register and was built in
1905 at Philadelphia. She was en
gaged exclusively in the coastwise
t f t f t
PATH"?The first of a new series of
stories built around this famous char
acter in fiction, the creation of C. J.
SHIP" is the title of the first story?
and it is a remarkably interesting one.
of readers of The Sunday 8tar always
welcome an announcement of another
"Torchy story" by SEWELL FOED.
PEARL"?The last of the stirring ad
ventures of "CLEEK, THE MASTER
STYX"?"A Fourth of July Soenario"
is the title of the next "doings re
ported by wireless to JOHN KEN
DRICK BANGS" in this timely series
of laughable skits.
Watch for these stories tomorrow in
the New Magazine Section of The
Troops Will Be Sent to Re
store Order With Aid of
Milukoff Heads Counter Bevolu
tionary Movement?Sympathetic
Allied Policy Urged in London.
By the Auociated Preat.
LONDON, June 29?The
German government, according
to German newspapers, is tak
ing preparatory measures with
a view to intervention in Rus
sia, says a dispatch to the Ex
change Telegraph Company to
day from Zurich. Under this
plan, it is stated, troops will be
sent to restore order, assisted
by maximalist forces.
Attitude of Allies Discussed. ?
The question of what the attitude
ot the allies toward Kussla should be.
especially with reference to former
Premier Kerensky's appearance upon
the scene, is discussed by the Daily
News today In an editorial under the
signature of its editor. The article
contends that if the cause of freedom
is the cause of the allies they should
have helped the revolution when It
was given birth, but it declares that
they neither welcomed nor aided it.
"With the exception of the United
States," the writer asserts, "they have
for more than a year looked on with
cold distrust. They have thought of
interests when they should have
thought of principles."
Distrusts Xerensky Proposal.
Remarking that the allies did not
heljTSferensky when he might have
held his position with their aid. the
article expresses distrust of Keren
sky's present proposition, which it
Interprets as an invitation to the
allies to enter Russia and repress the
boisheviKi as a preliminary to rais
ing an army to fight the Germans.
"The overthrow of the bolshevlki is
an affair of the Prussians, not of the
allies" the writer contends. "If the
Russians effect a counter revolution
well and good. We shall have another
government to deal with, and if that
government Is Kerensky's it may l.e
hoped it will have better treatment
than his last. But if the allies go to
Russia to work a counter revolution
to set?up this party or that they will
add to their difficulties and lose the
good will of the Russians for genera- ;
Military Aid Impracticable.
After discussing at length the prac- j
ticabillty of military Intervention
through Siberia, apart from the ques
tion of expediency, the article dis- :
i misses the project as impracticable
and reached the conclusion that Ker- ;
ensky's method is not the way to re
gain the confidence of the Russian
people and bring them to the side of
tho allies.
"If the soviet regime is to fall from
within, or if it Is to survive, adds the I
writer, "let us accept the fact as an
expression of the will of the Russian
people, respect it and adopt a new
policy, sympathetic, generous and
Counter Revolutionary Moves.
AMSTERDAM. June 28.?Prof. Paul
Milukoff, leader of the Russian con
stitutional democrats, and Alexander
J Guchfoff, Octoberist leader, have
arrived at Harbin, Manchuria, and
placed themselves at the head of a
counter revolutionary movement, ac
cording- to the Vossische Zeltung,
which is quoted In a telegram from
Berlin to the Dutch press.
The Wolf Bureau's advices say that
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovltch
of Russia Is at Omsk and is heading
an antl-bolshevlk movement. Grand
Duke Michael, it is stated, has re
fused to assume the throne, prefer
ring to leave the decision to an all
Russlan popular assembly.
Ukraine Peace Agreement.
A telegram from Kiev, Russia, to
the Berlin newspapers says that nn
agreement has been readied in the
peace negotiations between Russia
and the Ukraine in regard to the
frontier boundaries to the effect that
all disputes arising after the conclu
sion of peaco shall be settled by a
court of arbitration. Kith delegations
were ready to exclude any IJfs of
annexations or forcible seizure of
territory. With due regard to politi
cal. economic and other Interests of
the two peoples, as a whole, they de
cided that the ethnographic princi
ple should govern In forming the fron
' A~Berlln dispatch says that, accord
ing to a telegram received there from
Kiev, a member of the soviet govern
ment announced that tho reports that
former Emperor Nlcho as had been
brought before a revolutionary tri
bunal and that he had been assas
sinated both are Incorrect. The gov
ernment officials added that Nicholas
and his family were in good health.
Western German papers ]ust receiv
ed here seem to regard the reports of
the death of-NlchoIas Romanoff as
authentic. The Russian newspaper
Novala Zhlrn. edited by Maxim Gorky,
is quoted by the Hamburg Freindem
blatt as printing a Kiev report that
Nicholas, while in a train with red
euards, complained against being
transferred from Ekaterinburg to
Moscow, and that he got into a dis
pute with his escort ami was mur
The dispatch adds that the daugh
ters of the former emperor were under
guard In another coach, and that the
fate of the former empress and the
former crown prince Is unknown.
Death Not ConJb-med.
I ONDON. June 28.?A* the Russian
embassy it was declartfl today that
no official confirmation had been re
ceived of the report th?tf the former
Russian emperor had b?n assassmat
ed If the report is tru i the crime is
not a political one. aca irdlng to the
embassy officials, but l.irely an act
of brutality on the paR of an angry
^Regarding the unexpect?d appearance
Federal Trade Commission
Says Profiteering Is Going
on in Many Directions.
Flour Millers Also Taken to Task.
Fixed Prices and Lack of Com
petition Taken Advantage Of.
"The commission ha* reason to know
I that profiteering exists.
1 "Much of it is due to advantages
taken of the necessities of the times,
as evidenced in the war pressure for
heavy production. Some of it is at
tributable to inordinate Breed and
bare-faced fraud."
In this fashion the Federal Trad'
Commission summarizes its findings
on profiteering in a report to the Sen
ate today to enable the lawmakers to
deal with the matter through legisla
Blame Is Placed.
Outstanding features of the report,
each supported by extensive data. are:
Heavy profit made by the low-coat
concern under a government fixed
price for the whole country.
Heavy profit made by meat packers
and ailied industries and by flour
' Trade tendency to Increase and
maintain prices against forces of com
i petition.
The' report Is based on cost Jnfl
1 ings fo- the War industries Board, the
food administration, the fuel admin
istration and other executive depart
ments. on Industrial eui veys and
through enforcement of law against
unfair methods of competition The
products Investigated and which the
reports cover are steel, copper. line,
nickel, sulphur, lumber, coal.
leum and its products, meat, leather
and leather goods. Hour, canned milk
and canned salmon. Salaries and
bonus paid high officials also were
I the subject of Inquiry. ,
Denunciation of PackeTfc.
The survey of the "JI"
1 uation showed, accord ng to the re
port, that "five packers
Swift. Morris. Wilson and <
and their subsidiary and aiSliated
companies, have monopolistic cot',r?l
of the meat Industry and are "fil
ing out for like domination in other
products. Their manipulations of the
1 market emtraee every device that Is
useful to them without regard to
'"continuing, the report says that four
of the meat-packing concerns pock
eted {HO.'HJOTOOO of profits In 1?1?.
191fi and 1917. i.
"However- delicate a definition is
framed for 'profiteering* the com
mission comments, "these paclcera
have preyed upon the people uncon
scionably. They are soon to com?
under further governmental regula
tion approved by executive order.
"A high stimulating fixed price
as found in the steel, flour and coal
situations, the report says
stabilizing an ascending market pro
duces an economic situation whicn is
fraught with hardship to the con
suming public nnd with the ultimate
peril to tho high ? ost companies
through increasing the power of
their low cost competitors.
Profits y/ithout Precedent.
Trice fixing by the government, th.
repo'rt says, has tended to Prevent the
market from running ??">? but at
"he same time it strengthens the
stronger factors In Industry In
position and enriches thereby proflta
"which arc without precedent.
While the price of flour ?j"
stabllred by fixing a Prlceforwheat
and a maximum margin of profit ror
flour the report shows that profits
increased from an average o' l- J"
rent on the investment for that Tout
year, ending June SO. 1916. to nearly
38 per cent In the year ending: June
3Vi!cs'? proflta." It la stated, "are
Indefensible, considering that an a\
Irage profit of one mill for "'x month.
of the year shows as high as
bMany millers exceeded the govern
??thmeUproStrsPweflr,e5 ^?r ^
'?mlm tTCrSi^iV
duatrv reveals. In the opinion of the
ausiry r?s?c ? rf(.?snite government
large marg 1 ns of profit
rave" .--nade Range, In .he cost
of production in a fie caused
same to'mak'. small m?r
s O? nroflt and oihers large mar
gins the bulk of the production en
3<Yn,ntChetho1l profits are
the ,aw ? of this law is
operates. The op jhl(1 for thn
held to be in part re. P Qn of the
blame isTaid"io "he of false
reports regarding supplies.
Big Profit in Steel.
rnade abnormal
stPel . ^r /iie government fixed a
profits before tt ^ ahown
price for the pre . made unusual
that some h-.xe si rntted states
returns. Profltaoi are estimated at
Steel Corporation are d w!th
!UPpeerrCc\nnV7nm?aand f& per cent
in 1915. . pl.erv one of the oth
er'InS^les {overed by the report.t
normal salaries a officials.
dltlon to profl as failure to
consumers are market or re
shlp goods on a risi b m a faU)nK
fUSrket? commercial bribery, and the
'tendency of manufacturers to main
tain a resale price.
Liquor Sold in Metropolis After 8
P.M. Must Be Drunk on Premises.
ALBANY, N, Y., June 29.?No alco
holic beverages will be allowed to be ?
sold in New York city after 8 p.m.
unless they are drunk on the prem
ises where sold, according to an order
issued last night by Gov. Whitman.
The order is effective for the dura
tion of the war. The fact that sol
diers and sailors in some Instances
have been able to obtain liquor, al
though they were not personally
served where it was purchased, led
tlie governor to take this actio?*:

xml | txt