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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 29, 1918, Image 2

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Half-and-Half Appropriations
Among Items Contested in
D. C. Bill.
The Senate conferees on the District
appropriation bill today refused ab
solutely to yield on the amendments
still in disagreement between the two
houses, including the half-and-half
plan of appropriating for the District,
which the House is seeking to kill.
A conference was held early today
and the action of the House yesterday
in further insisting upon its disagree
ment to the Senate amendments in
dispute was discussed. The senators,
however, were determined in their op
position. The Senate will be asked to
insist upon its amendments by Sen
ator John Walter Smith of Maryland,
and will take such action, it was pre
The House will then be called upon
to determine what its course shall be.
Joint Resolution May Be Necessary
If the deadlock continues through
out today and until Monday it will
be necessary to put through a joint
resolution continuing the existing ap
propriation law for the District until
Congress shall have finally passed the
pending bill, in order to provide for
the operation of the District govern
ment after the close of the fiscal year
tomorrow night.
The joint resolution will have to j
make provision also for continuing
the collection and disposal of the j
garbage and refuee of the city, since
the old contract expires tomorrow and |
the new bill appropriates about 1600,- j
000 to enable the commissioners to |
carry on this work. If the bill does
not become a law by July 1 there will
be no appropriation for the disposal
of the garbage and no contract.
Rated New legislation.
It was said at the Capitol today that
when there comes a deadlock between
the two houses over legislation the
house proposing new legislation must
yield in the end. The House is pro
posing new legislation when it at
tempts to do away with the half-and
half plan.
Conferees Deadlocked.
The conferees on the District appro
priation bill are again in deadlock on
the "half-and-half" principle of financ
ing the District. This measure must
be passed by Monday to make funds
available for current expenses of the
District government. The House yes
terday by viva voce vote supported
the disagreement of the House con
ferees from the position of the Senate
conferees. The House agents are firm
for the abolition of the "half-and
half" principle as provided in the
Gard amendment to the District ap
propriation bill, while the Senate con
ferees are just as firm that it snail
not be abolished and the Senate has
voted to support this stand.
Speeches in support of the abolition
of the half-and-half finance method
were made by Representative Sisson,
chairman of the appropriations sub
committee on the District, who is in
charge of the legislation, and by Rep
resentative Gard, author of the
Supports Principle.
Representative Sherley supported
the half-and-half, saying that Con
gress should first tax the District
fairly, and then appropriate whatever
might be necessary to support the
jieat of national government in fitting
JWtyle, be it one-third, or one-half, or
whatever proportion it might be.
After the House had voted to sus
tain the conferees Speaker Clark re
named as House managers to renew
negotiations with the Senate Chair
man Sisson and Representatives Mc
Andrews of Illinois, and Davis of
Representative Gillett of Massachu
setts, acting minority leader, argued
that the House conferees should re
cede under the circumstances because
legislation must be hurried, and as
this abolition of the half-and-half
principle is new legislation it has
been the fact that whichever body
attempted to change existing legis
lation eventually was forced to yield
Representative Gard said in part:
"At present this is the situation:
Something like 19,000,000 is raised by
the District of Columbia by taxation,
which is not high comparing it with
other cities. Fourteen million dollars
is all that Is necessary to run the J
I government in this District as it
? should be run. So, if the law is car
ried out. there is absolutely $5,000,000
. of taxes raised here for which there
is no use. and the thing which we
face Is this, and we might as well
know it, that those who are Interested
here in the development of land and
In the renting of houses at exorbitant
charge want to get everything they
can in the city of Washington with- ,
out paying for it themselves. That
we might as well understand if there
be anybody in the House who does
not already understand it."
Indorses School System.
In reply to questions regarding the
IMstrict school system Representative
Gard said:
"I am happy to say that the sohools
in the city of Washington are com
parable in efficiency and excellence to
any school system in the United
States "
Chairman Sherley said, in part:
''This is the situation: The District
of Columbia yields a certain amount
of taxes that go into the Treasury of
the United States. The District Com
missioners submit estimates of what
they consider necessary to run the
government of the District of Co
lumbia. and we appropriate the |
amount of money that we think nec
essary. it so happens at this time !
that the amount of money that is
raised by District taxes is more than
one-half of the amount of money that
we annually appropriate. I am not
willing for one moment to concede
that because of that fact there is any
right given to the District of Colum
bia to one dollar that *oes |nt0 the
Treasury of the United States as a re
sult of District taxation, and I think I
It Is important that that should be
emphasized. I should be very glad
to see this old provision here done
away with. It has no reason for ex- j
ietenoe; but I do not want it to be
said that if it is not done away with
thereby Congress has recognized the
right of the District of Columbia
to the funds over and beyond what
are annually appropriated that are
raised by the District taxation.
Claims Old Conditions Pass.
"We ought to levy in the District of
Columbia a fair tax, what represents a
fair burden upon the people. Let it pro
duce what income It may. We ought
then to appropriate for the District of
Columbia what Is necessary to properly
maintain the District as the National
Capital of the country, whether it be
one-half, one-third or two-thirds, as
the case may be. It Is not going to be
neoeesary. in my Judgment, at any
period of time for the government to
actually expend as much money out of
funds raised from other sources of taxa
tion as it will from the Distric t, because
the old condition when the District was
unable to furnish the moneys that were
neoensary, or half of them, to run the
ernment of the District of Columbia
passed away.
?'Washington has become a very great
City, with great wealth here. The only
. tight that any resident of the District of
Columbia has Is to ask that the tax that
the federal government levies shall be a
fair: tax, That is all that any ciuxen has
a right anywhere In this country over,
and If flowing from that comes enough
money to run the District of Columbia,
Well and good. If it does not. then we
ought to supplement it with whatever is
necessary, having in mind this is the
nation's capital, and that we ought to
maintain here not only a good govern
ment but an ideal government."
Representative Wood of Indiana
said in part:
"This is the District of Columbia,
operated and controlled entirely by
the Congress of the United States. It
belongs to the whole people of the
United States. It is theirs and not the
property, or the exclusive property, of
the people of the District of Columbia.
Government Activities.
"A very large per cent, I do not
know exaotly what it is, of the ma
i terial wealth of this District of Co
lumbia belongs to the government. It
I is the seat of the government's activi
ties, and they were never greater than I
they are at this minute. It would not
be fair to have the people of the Dis
trict of Columbia made to pay all the
expenses of making these repairs,
keeping up these streets and these
parks, and in keeping this city as
beautiful as we would have it kept by
reason of its being the capital of our
"But I do think there ought to be
at some time in the near future,
when we do get back to normal times
again, when there should be a re
classification and a reformation of
this taxing system, when the govern
ment of the United States should pay
in proportion as it owns property in
the District of Columbia, and when
the people of t.he District of Colum
bia should pay in proportion as they
own property within this District of
Columbia; or, perhaps the system
suggested by the gentleman from
Kentucky (Mr. Slierley) would be
just, that there should he a reason
able tax imposed upon the inhabi
tants of the District of Columbia to
defray the necessary expense of gov
ernment of the city and the keeping
up of its improvements and the mak
ing of its repairs and additions, and
whatever there is lacking by way of
this tax should be appropriated nut
of the general Treasury of the United
States. But this is not the time to do
that, for the reasons I have stated,
and no change should be made in the
taxing scheme for the District until
after the war is over, and then should
?"be made as an independent proposi
tion and not as a rider to an appro
priation bill."
Chairman Sisson reviewed the his
tory of the establishment of the half
and-half system and of the investiga
tions by a joint commission of Con
gress considering its abolition.
(Continued fronv First Page.)
In. London of Alexander Kerensky, the
former premier of Russia, the em
bassy said it knew of his presence
here for several days, but chose to
let him take his own time for reveal
ing himself.
German Plans Pail.
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Wednesday, June 19.?
Owing to the Czecho-Slovak outbreak,
with the complete stopping it has
brought about of traffic on the Trans
siberian railway and on a goodly portion
of the Eastern railway, the German
plans to rush war prisoners homeward
are failing of realization.
In the area affected by the Czecho
slovak military operations, extending
from Samara, on the Volga, to Novo
Nikolaievsk, beyond Omsk, there are
about 300,000 German and Austrian able
bodied prisoners?200,000 in Siberia,
45,000 in Turkestan and the remainder
in the provinces of Perm, Ufa and Oren
burg. Of that number there are about
17,000 officers whom the Austrians are
particularly eager to repatriate.
More than half the prisoners are em
ployed in the mines, in factories or in
the fields. Several hundred thousand
were similarly engaged In the Ukraine
and In the Don region when the German
advance set them free.
(Harris & Ewlng photo.)
Preparatory to putting into effect
the new sugar regulations prepared
by Food Administrator Hoover, which
provide further restrictions in the use
of sugar, especially for commercial
purposes, District Administrator Wil
son today appointed George Thomas
Dunlop, an attorney, to take charge
of the management of the sugar end,
of the local administration.
Notices regarding the new regula
tions were today sent to all who will
be affected. The principal provision
is that hotels, clubs, public eating
places, bakeries and boarding houses,
as well as retail and wholesale deal
ers, manufacturers and others using
sugar in connection with their busi
ness, will be required to file with the
local administration statements of
their sugar stocks and purchases.
These new regulations are in the
form of a ration, and for the purpose
of conserving sugar to avert a pos
sible shortage.
It is explained that this so-called
ration does not apply to householders,
except that they are asked not to use
more than three pounds per month
[per person.
Stores are instructed to limit their
| sales to individuals to two pounds at
on time. Individuals living in rural
sections will be allowed to buy in
five-pound Quantities.
Two Found Guilty of Operationi to j
Impair Eyesight.
IX>S ANGELES, Cal.. June 23.?Mrs.
Well Kennedy and Dr. Frank T. How
enstlne, an optometrist, were found
guilty In the federal court here last
night of having conspired to keep
men out of the selective draft by
means of eyeglasses which tempora
rily would impair their sight. Joseph
Leroy, ir., who was alleged to have
visited Howenstlne at the Instigation
of Mrs. Kennedy and to have paid
$1,000 for subjecting his eyes to
treatment so that he could evade
military service, was acquitted.
The court set next Monday aa the
date for imposing sentence. I
Lawyer Appointed to Administer
Regulation! Affecting
Large Users.
Draft Boards to Probe-Occu
pational Character of
Local draft boards of the District
stand ready to begin enforcement of
the "work or fight" regulation as It
will affect National Capital regis
trants, Monday.
Just how many men of draft age
here will be affected by the recent
regulations of the provost marshal
general's office defining, productive
and non-productive occupations is not
known. That is exactly what local
boards are going to find out.
Several weeks have been given men
who come within the term "non-pro
ductive" to seek new jobs. Evidences
that many men have changed occu
pations are not lacking.
Women in Men's Places.
The replacement by women of scores
of e'evator operators throughout ^he
city is pointed to by board members
as an instance of this. Undoubtedly,
registrants in other lines who felt
themselves branded "non-productive"
under the new regulations have found
other jobs.
Local boards of the District and
boards throughout the nation will be
assisted by a corps of officers of the ,
provost marshal general's office, all
lawyers. Knotty problems of adjudi
cation will be put up to this board,
which will give rulings to guide the
boards. Col. James 9. Easby-Hmith J
of the office of the provost marshal
general, former president of the Bar
Association of the District, is head ,
of this board.
Chance Given to Find New Jobs.
Registrants will be given every
chance to get into a new occupation.
Local boards have been instructed to
enforce the regulations, hut to do so
with exercise of common sense and
sympathy in so far as compatible i
with the military exigencies of the j
United States.
Local boards are instructed to co
operate with the United States em- I
ployment service in order that this i
agency of the government may be i
enlisted to apa?st registrants engaged
in non-produciive occupations or em- j
ployments to obtain work of a pro- j
ductive character as soon as pos- j
sible and with the least hardship or '
To this end local boards are instructed
to provide to the employment service
the names and addresses of registrants |
to whom notices to appear will l>e given
and provided agents of the employment j
service with the names and addresses of j
registrants who may inquire for in
formation In respect to change of em
Help to Be Given.
All local registrants who may make
such inquiry will be referred by local
board members to the District employ
ment service zLt 1410 Pennsylvania ave
In addition to the cases where rea
sonable excuses may be accepted for
temporary Idleness or for being engaged |
in a non-productive occupation or em- i
ployment, local boards have authority j
under the regulations to withhold or !
postpone action for a reasonable time
in cases where it appears that the
registrant, in good faith, is, or has been,
seeking productive employment, and that
such reasonable postponement will en
able him to secure employment.
? i
One of Machines Catches Fire and
Is Destroyed; Bodies of Two
Occupants Burn.
Rj thr Associated Prcn.
MOUNT CLEMENS, Mich., June 29.?
Lieut. Raymond Templeton of Pendle
ton, Ore., and Private Edgar Sawyer
of Hartford, Conn., of the 830th Aero
Squadron. LT. S. A., were killed here
yesterday afternoon, when their ma
chine went Into a tailspin and crash
ed about 150 feet to the ground.
Templeton was pilot of the ma
chine. The airplane had left the
ground but a few minutes when it
turned suddenly and fell downward
near the edge of Selfridge field. The
machine caught fire when It struck
the ground. Before soldiers could i
arrive on the scene and extinguish J
the flames, the machine had been de
stroyed and both the bodies burned.
Officers attributed the accident to
what is believed to have been an
attempt on the part of the men to
essay a tailspin at a short distance
from the ground.
Increasing Evidence That Big Cel-j
ebrations Will Mark the Day.
LONDON, June 29.?The rivalry be
tween the American Army and Navy
base ball teams, which are to play
before King George at Chelsea on July
4, increases daily, and the general
opinion among Americans In Eng
land is that the game will be fast and
closely contested.
Every American soldier and sailor
In London will have evidence on all
sides that the Fourth of July Is cele
brated in England as well as in Amer
ica. The bells at St. Paul's Cathedral
are to be rung. The Bishop of London
has issued directions for the celebra
tion of communion In every church in
his diocese with prayers for the
United States.
In the city there will be special ob
servations of the day. At the Baltic
Corn Exchange American flags will be
in evidence, the "Star Spangled Ban
ner" will be sung and fraternal reso
lutions will be passed. Plans are be
ing made for a demonstration in the
stock exchange.
Thirty Cars of Peaches in Collision
at Danville, Va.
DANVTLI.E, Va? June 29.?A 1uk?
number of person* narrowly escaped
being killed and trafllo was delayed
several hours as the result of a wreck
yesterday In the Southern railway
yards here. Thirty cars loaded with
peaches crashnd Into the rear of a
troop train, lifting the cab of the
freight train onto the roof of the
officers' drawing room car, partially
telescoping It.
The accident was caused by the
brakes of the freight train falling to
Curtis Buys the Telegraph.
nouncement is made that the Even
ing Telegraph, one of the oldest aft
ernoon papers In the country, has
ljeen purchased by Cyrus H. K. Cur
tis, owner of the Evening Public
Ledger and other publications. The
Evening Telegraph will cease pub
lication tomorrow.
. J
The Austrian offensive haa wound up In defeat for the ajcgrre**or* by the brave and determined fighting: of the Ital
lana. The Teutona are In retreat from the Piave river and have left aome 40,000 prlaoneva la the Italian*' hand.<i,
and thla picture ahotva the typea of prlaonera taken.
Emilio Mcrcnrio and George Wat
son, Both Armed and Both
Fugitives, Arrested.
Prompt action on the part of Detec
tives Sweeney, Kelly and Beckley this
morning", about 1 o'clock, probably
prevented the enactment of a tragedy
in the house 66 I street northeast,
only a few doors from where Police
man John A. Conrad and Deputy
Sheriff It. II. McParlan of Charles
county, Md., were slain several weeks
ago. The officers captured Emilio
Mercurio and a young colored man
named George Watson, alleged house
breakers, and found them armed with
loaded revolvers. Watson also had a
Men Travel Together.
Mercurio, it Is stated, attempted to
draw his weapon on Detective Sweeney,
but the latter had him so well cov
ered with his own weapon that the
alleged lawbreaker saw it was useless
for him to attempt to "start anything."
Watson, who was found in another
room, was nabbed by Detectives Beck
ley and Kelly before ha realized what
was transpirinng.
Mercurio and Watson sawed the bars
of a cell in the second precinct police
station, where they were held on charges
of housebreaking, several weeks ago.
Watson was captured and released on
bond for his appearance, but his com
panion succeeded In eluding the police
until this morning.
Attempts to Draw Weapon.
Following the colored roan's release
on bond, it is state*!, he met Mercurio
and the two traveled about the country
together, working in Pennsylvania and
New Jersey and later reaching Acco
tink, Va.
They left Accotink, about twenty-five
miles distant, yesterday morning and re
turned to this city. Last night the de
tectives learned they were in the I street
PARIS, June 28.?An official state
ment says:
"Army of the east?There has been
continuous reciprocal artillery activ
ity in the region of Roiran and west
of the Vardar. The artillery has been
normal In the region of Monastlr. An
enemy detachment which attempted
to approach our line near Kravista
was repulsed. Italian troops have
carried out with success a surprise
attack on an enemy position on Hill
"There has been a bombardment by
allied aviators on enemy bivouacs
I northwest of Gievgell and of the de
pots at Cerniste."
MONTEVIDEO. Uruguay, Friday,
June 28.?Uruguay has made July 4 a
permanent national holiday in honor
of the United States. A bill to that
effect was passed by both the cham
ber of representatives and the senate,
and President Vlera signed the act
BALTIMORE, June 29.?In resolu
tions eliminating all cutting and
making of men's and boys' clothings
I that could tend to waste either ma
terial or labor the National Assoota
| tion of Clothing Designers yesterday
pledged itself to support the conser
vation recommendations of the war
industries board of the National Coun
cil of Defense. The designers are
! holding their semi-annual convention
; here.
j All unnecessary seams will be elimi
nated from the back of coats, thus do
ing away with the "panel" back, fancy
plaited backs and yokes. Patch pock
ets, belts and the like go, too.
proposed changes were said to be of
Inestimable value in the conservation
of material and labor.
Plaoes for Men to Watch Over
Government Properties.
"Guarding government property and
documents is Just as necessary as
holding a first-line trenoh," reads an
appeal sent out today for men to do
duty around the big war buildings
being erected in Washington.
Positions are open to men between
twenty and sixty-flve years. The sal
ary ranges from S840 to $900 a year,
in proportion to the merits of the in
Those desiring to enter this work
should apply at the captain of the
guard's office, 7th and B streets.
French Academy Election.
PARIS, June 29.?At the election of
the French Academy yesterday after
noon, Alfred Capus, dramatist, was
elected director and Frederic Masson,
author, was named as chancellory
(Continued From First T*age.)
Germans on Bllgny heights. Oerman
detachments, which hart succeeded for
the moment in obtaining a foothold
in the Italian first lines, were driven
"Along the French line? a number
of surprise attacks were carried out
during the night.
"Northwest of Montdldler, American
units captured forty prisoners, of
whom one is an officer. In the forest
of Apremont, in the Lorraine sector,
the French likewise took prisoners
and captured material.
"The night was calm on the rest
of the front."
Last Night's Beport.
PARIS, June 28.?-The night com
munication follows:
"South of the Aisne we attacked
this morning from the south of Am
blemy to the east of Montgobert In
order to acquire armed places on a
seven-kilometer front. We entered
German works, took the Fosses above
Laversine and the heights southwest
of Cutry and advanced our lines near
the west of St. Pierre Aigle and also
on the hill south of this village.
"Our advance reached at some points
a depth of two kilometers. We have
taken until now 1.060 prisoners.
"Aviation?On June 26-27 twenty
German machines were brought down
or put out of action and four captive
balloons were burned. Our bombard
ing squadrons in the same period dur
ing the day and night dropped flfty
eight tons of projectiles on aviation
grounds along the Sotnme and Aisne
and on cantonments and bivouacs at j
Rozieres-en-Santerre, Fismes and
Guignicourt and the stations of Sols
sons, Ferre-en-Tardenols and other
places. Two munitions depots were
exploded and several flres were ob
British Take 400 Prisoners.
LONDON, June 29.?In their suc
cessful attack in Flanders east of
Nieppe wood yesterday the British i
took more than 400 prisoners, the war (
office announced today. (
Two German field guns, in addition ,
to the machine guns, and trench mor- |
tars taken, also were captured In this I
attack. The statement reads: "The |
total number of prisoners taken by us
In yesterday's successful operation
east of Nieppe forest exceeds 400.
This figure does not include those
taken west of Merris. Two German
field guns in addition to a number of
machine guns and trench mortars
also were captured by us.
"The hostile artillery has been
active opposite Vaire wood, south of
the Somme and west of Feuchy (Ar
ras region).
"There has been Increased artillery
activity on both sides in the Nieppe
forest sector."
Scope of British Gain.
LONDON, June 28.?British troops
in attacks against the Germans have
advanced their line over a front of
nearly three and a half miles to an
average depth of nearly a mile east
of the Nieppe forest, which lies be
tween Bailleul and Bethune, accord
ing to the British official communica
tion Issued this evening. West of
Merris Australian troops also cap
tured enemy positions. On both sec
tors prisoners and machine guna were
The text of the communication
"This morning English troops car
ried out a successful operation on a
front of about three and a half miles
east of the Nieppe forest.
"Our line on this front has been
advanced to an average depth of
nealrly a mile and more than 800 pris
oners and twenty-two machine guns
have been captured. All of our ob
jcstives were gained, Including the
hamlets of l'Eplnette, Verterue and
La Becque.
"hTe enemy was taken by eur
prlse and our casualties are light.
"At the same hour Australian troops
attacked and captured certain hostile
posts west of Merris, together ^'ith
forty-three prisoner* and six machine
SU"On the remainder of the British
front the situation Is unchanged
Germans Get Nasty Knock.
Bj th? Aiioelatfd Pr?i?
FRANCE. June 28.?Field Marshal
von Hlndenburg's troops east or tne
forest of Nieppe got a nasty and un
expected knock today, when the Brit
ish suddenly drove forward In a sur
prise attack along a front of more
than three miles and hurled the star
tled gray-coated soldiers back to an
average depth of 1,500 yards.
The operation was an unquaiinea
sucoess from its Inception, and the
attacking infantry reached all Its ob
jectives In remarkably short time.
By this thrust the British not only
have greatly improved their position
in this Important and much-contested
sector, which lie* Just north of Mer
vllle. but they Inflicted heavy pun
ishment on two hostile divisions that
were holding the line here?the *2d
Division of Saxons and the 44th Re
serve Division of Prussians.
Many Germans Killed.
Large numbers of the enepiy were
killed in the hurricane onslaught, and
some 260 of the more fortunate had
been collected tn the prisoner cages
before noon.
The objective settled upon lay along
the winding little stream known as
Plate Becnue, which bowed out to
ward the east In a semi-circle baok
of the German lines. Prussians and
Saxons were holding this sone with a
series of machine gun posts linked up
with barbed wire.
First Stages Are Basr.
The flrst stages of the'drlvs were
comparatively easy. In fact, aJl the
final objectives were reached with
out muoh dlBloulty.
At two strongly fortified farms near
the center of the line the enemy
tark^d th#?m from all aireo*u>?a.
fanto-'X* fhT^nlire
over before the enemy ?as able to
0T.n,rip%rtclarJeatutrae of the pro
sssr..-^ *
hundred prisoners to the bag.
German Morale Not High.
The morale of the prisoners taken
tolay wa. not high. These men and
others captured seoentljmthb ?
tor have appeared to be muon
had expected to get ahead much fast
eTh?S men have professed to have
heUeTed ?hat the United States was
not going to be able. top render much
assistance to the allies- J
of the United States in bV>
lne prearhed assiduously to the "oops
J; *v.<, fippman high command and
ferwdeac t"s,1ss?%'.hs,??s
lusions on the subject. iow-iying
During the spring the low iyi B
ground here had been little better
than a morass, but the warm weatlhe
"rant days dried it out enough to
make " feasible for Infantry opera
Push Off at 6 A.M.
The British pushed off at 6
this morning after a short sharp bom -
hardment. just as the white mists
were beginning to arise along the
numerous Btreama whlch thread theU
tnrtuous way about tni? reg'r .
Statement? by prisoners show that
?he enemy had not the slightest ex
pectation of the British taking the
fniUatlve at this point. The Germane
felt so secure that they were dev?t
ing most of their time to a campaign
against the epidemic known locally
as the Flanders grip, which has sent
manv of them to hospitals.
The British were over the top and
at the enemy before the latter rea -
l*ed their danger. Machine gun Postf
were stormed and cleaned out; ?
hand grenades and bayonets. Where
the Germans were holding a stretch
of trench the attacking troops rushed
ud with rapid firers and swept the
ditches with an Intense fire that an
nihilated the defenders.
20 Hun Planes Destroyed,
9 More Are Forced to Earth
by British Airmen Thursday
By the Awociated Prew.
i LONDON, June J??Twenty German
airplanes were destroyed by British
aviators in air fighting over the west
ern front Thursday, according to the
'British official communication dealing
! with aviation issued tonight. In ^di"
thTT."t.VxV of? t he' communicat i on*'fo 1 -
llTr as
atroyed and nine driven down out of
control. Fourteen of ours are missing.
81 Tons of Bombs Dropped.
,vag carried out vigorous
, the German lines. Twenty
^ne tSn. of bombs were dropped dur
?"g the twenty-four hours on railway
3ur co^Un'JcaUr byrfhe air minis
?ngart*0hAll our'm^Mne." returned
St fflT" dt<f no material
Workshops and Stations Bombed.
"This afternoon airplanes attacked
the railway workshops, stations and
iji-.. n? Thionville (German Lor- i
raine). Observation was difficult, but
direct hits were seen to ha\e been
made on the works and the tracks
there. Nearly three tons of bombs
We"Ourr(formatlons were attacked by
hostile airplanes. Severe fighting en
sued. Three enemy airplanes were
shot down and another was driven
down Two of our machines did not
?.turn. One of them is known to .
have been forced to land.
French Score Successes
Southwest of Soissons,
Beginning Attack at Dawn
By the AwoeiaUd Pnu.
FRANCE. June *S.?The first notable
activity for some time on this front
occurred early this morning, when the
French exeouted a particularly suc
cessful local operation to the south
west of Soissons and on the borders of
the forest of Vlllers Cotterets, where
were captured several positions whose
continual possession would have Per
mitted the enemy to prepare a future
offensive. The French attack occurred
at dawn along a front of 6.000 yards,
and the fighting proceeded throughout
tl>By'fate afternoon, when this dis
patch was filed, the French had ad
vanced considerably, taking a number
of prisoners and more were coming In.
The allied troops had reached the out
skirts of the Fosse-Bas-Outry and St.
Pierre Algle, where a most determined
struggle was progressing. The Ger
mans had been ejected from a portion
S the forest of Vlllers Cotterets
southward to St. *l?rre Algle. The
French artillery was completely domi
nating the ?aosiy guns.
To Take Charge Next Monday.
Weaver's Work Praised by
Frank G. Jon**, wealthy horatownrr
of Memphis, Tcnn . has been selected
by United States Fuel Administrator
Garfield to direct the management of
Washington's fuel affairs. He will
enter upon his new duties next Mon
day morning, when the new plans for
the handling of Washington's fuel
situation will become effectivo.
The appointment of Mr. .Tones as ex
ecutive head of the newly created
District of Columbia, fuel division of
the I'niled States Fuel Administration
is in line with the announcement, of
Administrator Garfield that the Pis
trlct fuel administration would he
abolished and that this city's affairs
would lie managed directly as a dis
tinct division of the federal admin
j Mr. Jones Dollar-a-Year Man.
Mr. Jones, who will serve as a "dol
lar-a-year man." conferral this mftrn
lnsr with John U Weaver, w hose r^n
Jgnation as District fuel administrator
was accepted yesterday, and Kerijamin
WoodrufT. ;u?sistant administrator.
Ho stated that f< r the pr< s? nt the
1 >1 strift fuel offlco? in tiie Woodward
building would bo maintained. Jle ox
plained that beside supervisintr the
management of the loo ?1 affairs ho
will havo other executive duties to
no] form at the federal fuel adminis
tration and it. will bo necessary for
rim to maintain two offices for ti e
Administrator Garfield, in accepting
Mr. Weaver'-s resignation, sent him
the following letter:
"I havo carefully considered your
recent recommendation with respect
to the future handling of the fuel re
quirements of the District of Colum
bia and have aproved the adoption of
jyour general plan, with such slight
modifications as may be necessary to
conform to our arrangements here.
Mr. Weaver Will Help.
"I am only sorry that this course
involves the acceptance of your res
ignation as federal fuel administra
tor for the District, tendered in vour
letter of June 25. While this appears
to bo a necessary feature of the pro
posed arrangement, we shall wunt to
feel free to call upon you from time
to time for *?id and assistance in an
advisory capacity, and to avail our
v-clvos of your knowledge of condi
tions and of the dut.es of your oflko.
"In the meantime. I desire to ex
press n y deep appreciation of the loyal
and patriotic service rendered by you
during the difficult conditions of the
past winter and of your untiring ef
forts to servo the best interest of
the people of the Di^triot and of this
Struck by Cars In Separate Acci
dents?Other Traction Mishaps
Reported to Police.
A horse-drawn delivery wagon
owned by J. M. Beall, 1963 Calvert
street, while at Calvert street and
Woodley place about 4:45 o'clock yes
terday afternoon, collided with a
Capital Traction car. Howard Dudley,
driver, was thrown from the wagon
and hurt. The vehicle was damaged
Thirty minutes later a motor de
livery wagon belonging to Beall col
lided with a car near Calvert etreet
bridge. The truck was thrown
against a motor truck belonging to
\V. D. Kraus, Wyoming avenue and
19th street, and a trolley pole. Beall's
wagon was damaged to the amount
of ?100.
While crossing in front of 1610 New
Hampshire avenue yesterday, Annie
Faujitelr^oy, 1S15 Rigss place, was
knocked down by an automobile
owned and operated by 11. H. Houfce,
100S Kcnvon street, and injured about
the knees. She was taken to Emer
gency Hospital. .
Henry Randolph, colored, fort}
seven years old. 724 4th street, and a
child whose name was not ascertained
hy the police were knocked down hy
an automobile operated by J. B. Sul
livan. 906 New York avenue, at 9th
street and New York avenue, } ester
dav afternoon. Randolph was taken
to' Emergency Hospital. Physicians
found several ribs fVactured.
Peter Francis, twenty-nine years
old 231 Id street, yesterday afternoon
was knocked down by a Capital Trac
tion car at Pennsylvania avenue and
2d street and injured about the body
and legs. He was taken to Emer
gency Hospital.
Notified Formally That He Is Pres
ident of Indiana Society.
George E. Schutt. the new presi
dent of the Indiana Society of Wash
ington, received formal notification of
his election to that office on the lawn
of his country place near Silver
Spring. Md.. last evening.
The official board of the society and
the ex-presldents of the organization
carried out to the Schutt farm an
old-fashioned picnic dinner, which
was spread on the lawn. The board
presented Mr. Schutt with a cane, in
recognition of services rendered
through a series of years by sup
plying a meeting place In his hotel,
the Ebbitt House.
Thursday, July 11. from 6 to 9
o'clock p.mV* members of the society,
together with Indiana people who
have recently come to Washington to
do war work, will hold a picnic on
the grounds of the Zoological Park.
603d Engineers Leeve Barracks for
TTike Through Virginia Hills.
American soldiers marching through
the streets of London or Tarls could
not have creatcd more enthusiasm
than the 603d Engineers did when
they marched on Pennsylvania ave
nue this morning. With their trench
helmets hanging over their backs, to
gether with their kits and canteens,
the soldiers left their station at
Washington Barracks for a "hike"
through the Virginia hills.
Crowds of youngsters, all eager to
help whip the kaiser, followed the
soldiers along the line of march. Men.
women and children crowded the
sidewalks and windows in office build
ings and cheered them as they
marched singing. "We're Going to Get
the Kaiser." The soldiers turned off
Pennsylvania avenue Into D street at
iTth street and headed for Virginia,
where they will go through maneu
vers In the trenches near Fort Slyer.
A No. 1 real clown at 60th In
fantry camp, Potomac Park, would
like to have a clown Ifama Yama
or Pierrot costume tflat he may
help entertain the Voys at hi*
camp. Will some one donate one to
him? If so it may be aent to 1826
16th street northwest.
Thousands May March to
Capitol?Mass Meeting
Against 8-Hour Day.
Thousand* of Rovfrnm^r.t
may march to the Capitol V ??
afternoon in protest a?a;tis?
tion of ("ongro.*! in pres-T.b -v.
ei^ht-hour day.
At a mass meet ins; of govern":* r
omploy?s. to I. - held :n ??.?? *s-'* ^
sonic Temple, tomorrow aft* rn.;.-.n, t
2:3<> o'clock, plans will 1- pre
for the demonstration.
Miss Rankin Will Speak.
Representative .leannettw I*:: n v
he one of the speakers at tomorrow
j meeting.
i Government departmet t ? are ?rr
line tentative schedules in ir t ? : ?*
lof President Wilson n*ni -k ? "
| liig for the extra hour ? t u.. \
probability the time wi;l b?* fr' ??
a.m. until "? pm. although .1 *>-?
stacifered hours msv 1..* srr;-.:
to n'.ve relief to street car tr.in
Aiming to Defeat Plan.
I-ahor leaders and re: re* ?? ta' v*
of the National FVderanon <>f 1
eral BmployM are 1-. i Ill ? ?
fort toward atromplhiuiiif '!? d*
foat of the Borland
through 'he Presidents :
1n this, they will direct the to
ward obtaining an nppr?-pr:r? ? !??*?. f
Additional pmy ( >r ovtrtliw wo *
Yesterday the federation f?ej t a pe
tition to Representative Shirley,
rhalrman of the House appropria
tions committee, asking that p -vi
sion he made for extr i pa v in t* e
urprent defleuney hill now l?? 1 re t!?
Text of Petition.
"We do not believe that
can under any e*?ndi?ior* Jus,lf.%. ,r'
increase, in hours without prow re
a commensurate Increase in JJ ''
pensation." states the petition. *???? ?
a prooedure is unheard of ami *-t
tirelv inequitable. The rate ?. In
for overtime work request, dis t
whieh has been allowed by the t .?\?j
appropriations aet of Marcn 4. i* .
as follows: ,
'That? in rase of a national emer
gency the President in authorisedI to
suspend provisions of law prohibit
inc more than eurht hours labor in
any one day of persons eneased upon
wnrk covered by w,",>
1'nlted States. Pr-.vlded further.
That the ?as? of perso- emplo. -d
upon such contracts nhail ??' com
puted -n a basic <lav rritf of eight
hours' work, with overtime rate,
be paid for at not le?? than time and
one-half for nil hours worked in ? x
cess of eight hours.'"
"This Fame rate of overtime pay 1.
fcelng allowed in all government n
stitutlons. navy yards. arsenals and
shipbuilding plants, a* It is a lowed
In all contract work of the I mt< d
States. ,
"These government employes na\ ?
not heretofore requested pay for over
time work, as they were and are
ready ar.d tflad to perform during the
war all neee.-sary overtime work n
quired of them by the heads of th.j
departments without pay theref r -,t i
an purely a patriotic duty. Tl . ac n
of Congress, however, in in*'.ea . :
their normal hours from M-vi-n t
eight a day places their regular work
dav on a par with the work day in
industrial institutions. It is the*,
fore Necessary for us to ask that our
conditions with regard to pay t. r
overtime work also be placed on ;? p.-t
with industrial institutions."
LONDON", June I*.?Representatives
of the American embassy. Army. Navy
and Red Cross were among the allied
delegations which attended the sol
emn celebration of the Serbian na
tional dav in I^ondon today. For th
first time in history prists of the
Kastern Orthodox Church officiated ?<
a service In an English Kplscopal
church The service w as held In 'he
Churcli of St. Mary-le-Bow. Cheap
side. one of the most ancient shrli.es
of the Church of England.
Three Serbian priests of the Greek
Church in full robes and miters ar .1
accompanied by incense bearers offi
elated with the assistance of a bishop
of the Church of England. The east
ern orthodox liturgy of St. Chrysos
tom was celebrated "for the repose of
the souls of the warriors who fell for
the cause of freedom on the field or
Kossovo and for all the Slav and al
lied soldiers In this war who have to
gether laiil down their lives for lib
erty of mankind."
hays to pick place for
national headquarters
' CHICAOO, June 19?Will H. Hays,
(chairman of the republican national
committee, who is here f<? consulta
tions with party leaders, announced
that he expected to settle today the
question of national headquarter* for
the campaign of l?:n. Chan man Hajs
also said he expected to receive re
ports from leaders regarding pros
pects for the 131S congressional elec
Representatives of Negrro Press
Adopt Pledge Resolutions.
5>hirty-one representatives of the
nepro preM of the United States,
who met In Washington, adopted reso
lutions pledging the support of their
publications to the war piogrnm.
Race questions, the resolutions wy.
can best be considered after the war
Appreciation was expressed for the
designation of colored advisers in the
several government departments.
The conference was held under the
a,r?nices of the War Department a.id
thl committee on public information.
City Makes Holiday to Entertain
American Visitor*.
MONTREAU June 29.?Twelve hun
dred United States soldiers were
guests of the Dominion government
here today. The program of enter
tainment for the visitors Included a
motor trip about Montreal, luncheon
at the barracks of the Quebec reci
ment and a review by the governor
general of Canada.
The city was decked with bunting
and American flags for the occaolo^
The men were met on their arrival
here by a detachment of returned
Canadian troops.
Rodecker Not Insane.
Ralph J. Rodecker of Sumant, Okla-.
arrested on a charge of Insanity, when
he attempted to see President Wilson
to secure an appointment as chaplain
of Christian Science in the Army, w*?
acquitted by a jury before Chief Jus
tice McCoy late yesterday afternoon.
Rodecker took the stand and ex
plained his actions, which the phy
sicians had characterized as queer,
u. iiu discharged Xroin custody*

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