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T / ?fs r ?" - 7 WEATHER. Partly cloudy and continued warm tonight and tomorrow. Temperatures for twenty-four hours ending: 2 p.m. today: Highest, 96, at 3:20 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 67, at 6:45 a.m. today. Full report on page 14. Closing New York Stocks, Page 14 Member of the Associated Press Th? Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the oss for republicstion of *11 news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited la ?h?s paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. Saturday's Net Circulation, 91,774 Sunday's Net Circulation, 74455 No. 27,11/. ?? WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JULY 22, 1918?EIGHTEEN PAGES TWO CENTS. AMERICAN TROOPS FORCE MARNE PASSAGE COUNTER ATTACKS BY HUNS, INTENDED TO HALT PURSUIT, WITHER UNDER ALLIES' FIRE Foch's Guns ControlRailroads; Foe Is Being Squeezed From Both Sides. SECOND VICTORY ON MARNE NOW AN ACCOMPLISHED FACT American and French Troops Have Enormous Booty in Prisoners, Guns and Other War Materials?Germans Demoralized. By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 22.?American troops yes terday crossed the river Marne between Char teves and Gland, east of Chateau Thierry, and captured the wood of Barbillon, according to authoritative announcement made here today. The Germans are stubbornly resisting the French crossing of the Marne, but the French have succeeded in getting two elements over at Mezy and Courcelles, which are constructing foot bridges under heavy fire. The Germans are using gas shells in large numbers. AMERICANS MAKE BIG ADVANCE. The capture of Barbillon wood by the Americans means that the overseas men have advanced between three and four miles from their old position on the Marne. Owing to faulty working of the telegraph line between Paris and London, news of the French advance up to 8:30 o'clock last night is not very detailed. It is learned, however, that the French line now runs from Breny along the main Chateau Thierry road to Rocourt and then through Le Charme and Epieds to the Marne at Charteves. / Between the Ourcq and the Aisne the Germans again are making violent counter attacks, but the French are maintaining their lines. GERMANS RESISTING DESPERATELY. On every front the Germans are resisting desperately and are making violent counter attacks. Nevertheless, the French troops yesterday made progress along the River Marne to a maximum depth of eight miles. The object of the enemy counter attack is to expedite the extrication of his troops from the pocket between Soissons and Rheims. Meanwhile German troops on the southern end of the pocket must be experiencing great difficulty in getting supplies. Southwest of Rheims there has been fighting and the French have made progress. Between the Ourcq and the Marne rivers the French yester day took 400 prisonars. CROWN PRINCE CALLS FOR HELP. By the Associated Press. WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, July 22.? Frederick William, the German imperial crown prince, has been obliged to call for help from his cousin, Crown Prince Rup-J precht of Bavaria. German divisions from the army in the north have been hurried down to protect the western flank of the defeated army which has been driven back over the Marne and ejected from Chateau Thierry by Franco-American troops. GERMAN COUNTER ATTACKS VAIN. PARIS, July 22.?Strong counter attacks delivered last night by the Germans on the front between the Ourcq and the Marne were broken by the allies, the war office announced today. The allied positions have been maintained. The enemy counter blows were delivered in the region of Grisolles, seven miles northwest of Chateau Thierry and Besu St. Germaine, four miles north of Chateau Thierry. North of the Ourcq and between the Marne and Rheims the enemy's reaction was limited to artillery fire. The fire was par ticularly notable in the region of the woods of Courton and Roi. Gales Made by British. By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 22.?Further ground has been grained by the British In the Hebuterne region on the front be tween Albert and Arras, the war office announced today. The British like wise, in conjunction with the Trench, carried out a successful enterprise to ifce south of Vlllers-Bretonnsux, east of Amiens, In which prisoners were taken. The German trenches were entered during: the night by British raiding parties at several points on the front, including Neuvilie Vitasse and north bf Bailleul, and prisoners taken. The statement reads: "Further ground was mads by our troops yesterday southeast of Hebu terne and a hostile bombing attack (Continued on Fifth Page.) CLOSING IN OF NUTCRACKER PUTS RETREATING GERMANS IN PERIL OF BIG DISASTER By the Associated Press. Rear guard actions arc being fought by the Germans north of Chateau Thierry. These were probably organized for the pur pose of delaying the relentless pursuit of the fleeing enemy by the French and Americans, who on Sunday morning passed through Chateau Thierry and advanced northeast of that corner-stone of German conquest in eastern France. The reaction of the Germans is said to have been marked be tween Grisolles and Bezu-St. Germaine, two villages north-north west and north of Chateau Thierry at distances of approximately (even and four miles, respectively. The distance between Grisolles and Bezu-St. Germaine is about four mile*. Along thi? the German attacks were broken and the allied line was main tained throughout. North of the Ourcq river the reaction of the enemy was limited to artillery fire. This was also the case between the Marne and Rheims, notably in the region west of the Rheims mountain and in the Courton and Roi woods. WHERE HUNS ARE BEINQ PRESSED. Since the Germans have been ousted from Chateau Thierry under conditions which suggest that the withdrawal was precipi tate, the most interesting developments in the battle are south of Soissons, where the Americans are reported to have advanced a distance of a mile and a quarter; the Ourcq valley, where the allies are steadily pounding their way toward Nanteuil-Notre Dame, and southwest of Rheims, where there seems to be an in dication that the allies have initiated a new drive for the pur pose of outflanking the Germans between Marfaux and Chatillon. If this last movement develops, the allies' "nutcracker" will be in full motion. Between the known allied front south of Sois sons to the town of Bouilly, southwest of Rheims, there is a gay. of about twenty-four miles. This gip, hn??ar.yhaMy i?wnrh-*. smaller at present, fof.the allies' positions south of Soisson* set? likely to have been advanced materially since they were reported at Hartennes-et-Taux on Saturday. If the French, Italian and British troops southwest of Rheims make an advance of any im portance the position of the Germans farther south will be made even more critical than it is known to be at present ENVELOPING OPERATIONS BY ALLIES. There appear to be at least two, and possibly three, envelop ing operations along the western side of the salient south of Soissons. The first of these, evidenced by the breaking through of the allies northwest of Chateau Thierry on Sunday morning, had immediate results in forcing the Germans back from the extreme tip of the salient. The second enveloping movement is proceeding up the Ourcq valley, and at last accounts was very near Oulchy-le-Chateau. The third is the advance of the allies south of Soissons. Thus Foch has projected tentacles eastward to catch the Germans retreating from the Marne. If another claw is thrust out from the Rheims salient the situation will become much more perilous for the enemy. There are few details of the fight ing between the Aisne and the Ourcq. It appears, however, that the reported advance of the allies south of the Aisne, below Sois sons, is simply the carrying out of the French strategic plan of keeping the Aisne on the French left flank. The actual occupa tion of Soissons would be a matter of slight importance in com parison to the demoralization or capture of the German armies to the southward, which appears to have been in Gen. Foch's mind as a possibility when the smash on the German flank was begun by Gen. Mangin on Thursday morning. GERMANS LOSE CONTROL OF RAILROADS. If the allied "nutcracker" continues to close in the remorse less manner that it has for the last three days, the Germans will be fortunate if they extricate all their forces from the Marne salient. Their railroad communications are virtually all under allied control or are under heavy fire. The tired and defeated Germans must retreat over wagon roads by way of Fere-en Tardenois, or to the eastward of that place, and the task of bringing them safely out of the sack in which they have been caught is a heavy one. Continued allied successes, it might appear, would compel a German retreat at least as far as the Veale river. If the Germans are able to maintain this line Gen. Foch still will have succeeded in straightening out his front, which will then run in an almost direct line from Montdidier to the heights of the Meuse. British forces on the northern side of the Picardy sector have gained further ground near Hebuterne, while east of Amiens, near Arras, and in the Lys salient, raiding operation* characterized the activities of the British last night FONCK DOWNS 8 PLANES, RAISING RECORD TO 56 Cablegram to The Evening: Star and Chicago Dally News. Copyright, 1918. WITH THE FRENCH ARMY, July 22.?Lieut. Rene Fonck In the last three days has destroyed In aerial combats eight German airplanes, seven of the triumphs having been officially confirmed, making: the total victories credited to France's ace of aces flfty-six. GERMAN GENERAL QUITS, BUT GETS SOFT BERTH AMSTERDAM, July 22.?Oen. von Francois, commander of the 7th Array Corps, on the western front, has re signed, according to the Lokal An seiger. The emperor has refused to accept the resignation and has given him an honorary appointment In one of the guard regiments. The Lokal Anaelger hopes that the army will only temporarily lgsa/the general's service*. BOTH HOUSES HOLD VERY BRIEF SESSIONS The House waa In session about four minutes today, and the Senate half an hour, both adjourning until next Thursday at noon. MORE EVIDENCE FOUND OF GERMAN-IRISH PLOT LONDON, July It.?The Dublin cor respondent of the Dally News mya that a considerable quantity of what the government regards as useful and additional evidence of a German-Irish plot has just come to hand In the form of extracts from censored pri vate correspondence between persons In Ireland and In America. Some of the detailed Information as to times, places and quantities of mu nitions to be landed la understood to be remarkable, .. _ _ ?. , .j. ? ... .1*. 4 A TELEGRAM THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN SENT. Checking of Teuton Schemes Important Feature of Present Move. Alp OF CZECHOSLOVAKS ???.a- --- - .r - . ... s *t DATIO LAWEE5CE. " Copyright, lfia^br ^Uw^New Tor* Er**lng Aid for RomU appeari on the hor izon at last as a definite and tangible thine. Our own government is not yet In a position to make an an- j nouncement. but certain facts are clear. First, tbe assistance to the Russian p*eople Is not to be rendered by a sin gle nstlon, but by the United States and all the allies. It is International In character and an earnest of the solidarity of the entente which is anxi ous that Russian democracy too be made safe from the incursions of Ger man autocracy as the other free na tions. 8econdly, the movement is In no sense an "intervention." which the American press has hitherto been Inclined to use as the term express ing allied intentions. But neither political not militay intervention is contemplated, which ough\ to do much to offset the impressions so assidu ously spread by the Germans of a selfish Interference by the entente with the affairs of the Russian people. To Guard Nation. What the United .States and the allies hope to do is help Russia to her feet by measures of economic re lief that will tend to resuscitate trade, both domestic and foreign, and at the same time to take care that Germany does not use Russia as a base Of operations against the en-1 tente. That Is the phase of the situ- j ation which Introduces the military] and is the most delicate of all. Strictly speaking, the Russian fac tions have a right to contend for the mastery of their country, and it has been traditional policy to allow t'.iese Internal forces to work out their own salvation, and when popular support ad heres to a central government recogni tion is extended. But there isn't time to wait for such an evolution, and in self defense the allies must see to it that Germany does not reach out to the Pacific ocean or other points of con tact with the entente. Has Arisen Spontaneously. Fortunately for the allies, the Cxecho Slovak movement has arisen so spon taneously and naturally as to remove any impression of studied Interference which might be used disastrously by the German propogandlst in alienating the support of the Russian people. The Csecho-Slovaks are not fighting the Russians, and none of the muni tions or equipment whfch will be sent to Vladivostok will be used for that purpose. The Csecho-Slovaks, how ever, are fighting the German prison ers domiciled In Russia who have been surreptitiously equipped by the German government through the con nivance or passivity of those Rus sians who are not yet aware that Ger man domination would mean the end of Russian liberty. Bed Cross Aid for Csecho-Slovaks. The Department of State today re* vealed that large quantities of Red Cross supplies were being sent to Vladivostok for the Csecho-Slovaks, and. unquestionably if in their fight against the former German prisoner* rifles should be needed a large sup ply of Russian rifles ordered in the United 8tates before the overthrow of Keren sky will be made available. Similarly the United States Ship ping Board has agreed to assign cer tain tonnage for the Russian situa tion, as it has been found desirable to get. If possible, certain raw mate rials from Russia by the Pacific route. In other words, the ships that take war supplies to Russia can bring back products needed In our war planta The Department of Commerce al (Continued on Fourteenth Page.) ' ? . * ? . . I American Fighters in France Impress Friend and Foe Alike Huns Now Think There Are Ten Millions of Them, German Prisoner Says?Fight Like Bulldogs, French Writer Asserts. By the Associated Pr*sa. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE AISNE-MARNE FRONTS, Sunday, July 21.?A German prisoner captured by the Americans today formerly was a baker in New York city and Lebanon, Pa. rle was asked what the German soldiers thought about the Americans. Since Thursday, the prisoner said, the Germans had concluded that the announcement that a million Americans were in France was false, and rumors among the Germans on this front are that there are ten million Americans in France. American Results "Stupefying." GENEVA. Switzerland, Saturday, July 20.?Americans are mentioned today for the first time by the Arbeiter Zeitung of Vienna. The newspaper states that the Americans have changed the situa tion for the entente nations, not only in the political, but in the military phases of the conflict. The newspaper says; "There is no further doubt that there are a million Americans in France. The genius of American organization has obtained stupefying results. Germany finds herself faced by three powers whose combined population is three times greater than hex's. IT. S. Fighters Like Bulldog*. PARIS, July 21.?"The finest thing of the combat was the dash of the Ameri cans," writes Lieut. Entraygues, the special correspondent at the front for the Temps, in describing the opening of the great counter offensive. "It was a fine thing to see those grand fellows, with their tunics thrown off and their shirt sleeves rolled up above their el bows, wading the rivers with the water to their shoulders and throwing them selves on the boche like bulldogs. "Any one who has seen such a sight," he goes on, "knows what the American Army is good for hence forth and to the end of the war. At the sight of these men, magnificent In their youth, physical force, good tem per and dash, the Germans fled 'with every leg' or surrendered without awaiting the order to throw away their arms and take off their sus penders, which is the first thing a prisoner is told to do In order that he may be compelled to keep his hands employed and out of mischief. "The Germans hurried toward our lines gripping their trousers, haggard and mad with terror. "Would that every mother in France who has lost a son in the war could have seen that epic sight. They would have seen themselves revenged and it would have been some consolation to them in their sorrow." Revelation to French Poilus. ? 4 P?Hu who was wounded July 18, early in the morning of the first day of the offensive begun by the American and French troops on the Alsne-Marne battle front, came In to Paris today. He belonged to a regi ment which was In immediate contact with the American troops. He lost his left hand in the fighting but such was his vitality that he was walking the streets proudly today. In a con versation today the soldier said: "The fighting of the Americans was a revelation to us. They could hardly wait until the word was given to go over the top. They seemed impatient to get at the boches. "When finally the word came they leaped over the trenches, some of them peeling off their coats after run ning a few hundred metes in the great heat and fighting in their shirt sleeves." Wishing to honor the American forces on the Alsne-Marne front. Gen. Mangin placed a renowned French in fantry division between two American divisions when the attack against the Germans began. The Americans proved themselves worthy of the hon or given them. The fine conduct and hign spirits of the Americans, who sang as they crossed the marshes and river with water up to their shoulders, have elicited the admiration and en thusiasm of all. AMERICAN GUNS IN ACTION 72 HOURS WITHOUT A REST LONDON, July 22.?How an Ameri can battery on the bank of the Marne shelled the Germans for seventy-two hours while under fire from enemy guns is described by Reuter's corre spondent at French headquarters. A young lieutenant, after telephone wires had been severed, maintained communication between the battery and the infantry. He had eight horses shot under him in making sixteen trips, and on the last Journey was wounded in the knees. The corre spondent says: . "I spent yesterday (Saturday) on the bank of the Marne with the Amer ican troops. They were the officers and men of a battery of American 75s, which had been in position on a bare, exposed plateau above the river about' a thousand yards from the boche bridges during the entire week. They were aroused by terrific artillery preparation on the part of the enemy on the night of July 14. The Ameri can battery was in the open and of the thirty enemy batteries which had been identified in the sector, five were concentrating their fire on the Ameri can battery. The men had to turn out and open on the enemy without a mo ments delay. They continued to fire as hard as they could for seventy-two hours. "The Americans were under a heavy shellfire themselves during the whole time, but they never relaxed their efforts for a moment. The whole plateau is plowed up by German shells. The Americans, who had never been in a serious action before, lost both men and horses, but the battery was never silenced. "In the first hour of the bombard ment every telephone wire In the sector was cut by German shells and the battery was left without means of communication with the American infantry In the river valley below, which it had to support. "A young lieutenant volunteered to restore the liaison' himself. Taking a horse he rode down the river through the German barrage and back, and during the night galloped sixteen times between the battery and the river, always under a terribly heavy fire. He had eight horses hit under him, and on the last journey he himself was hit in the knees. "A battery commander told me he had the greatest difficulty with his slightly wounded men. None of them wanted to leave the battlefield, and the men ordered to go away for treat ment would hide themselves in order to avoid notice, hoping in this way to be able to remain with their cora 1 rades. One gun. the crew of which had been knocked out by a single big shell, was kept working by the tele phone men, who, realizing what had happened, dashed out of their shelter and began to man the gun themselves without orders." AUSTRIAN CABINET QUITS; EMPEROR KARL ACCEPTS LONDON, July 21.?The entire Aus trian cabinet has resigned, says an Exchange Telegraph dispatch tram Copenhagen today. Emperor Charles, It Is aaaed, has aocepted the resigna tion. of the ministers. GERMAN CONTROL Two of Largest Concerns in America Are Taken Over as Alien Property. ASSETS WILL TOTAL FOURTEEN MILLIONS Firms Are L. Vogelrtein 6 Co. and Beer, Sondheimer & Co., Both of New York City. By taking over today two of the largest metal businesses of the coun try, In addition to others already seised, A, Mitchell Palmer, alien prop erty custodian, has smashed for all time German control of the metal in dustry In the United Btatea. The concerns announced today to be taken over were those of L. Vogrel stein & Co., nc., 42 Broadway. New York, with assets of about 19,000,000, and of Beer, Sondhelmer & Co., Inc.. 61 Broadway. New York, with assets of about $5,000,000. Other Property Already Taken. Already the large enemy Interest In the American Metals Company, has been taken over by the alien property custodian. Also the enemy Interest in Stallforth and Company, of New York, dealers In sliver bullion, capitalised at 11,000,000. has been taken over. This concern is described in a state ment by the alien property custodian's office as "another link in the chain of German control of the metal markets of this country." Mr. Stall-worth, principal stock holder of this company, now is In terned at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. The Vogelstein and Beer. Sond helmer plants were taken over by Mr. Palmer as the result of Investi g&Uaca s?a<Jwcte<J-*ry Trancls P. Gar van. director of the bureau of in vestigation of the alien property cus todian's office. Further investigation into the metal situation la being made by him. Companies Closely Alfliated. The two companies in queetlon were closely affiliated with the Ger man Metal Qesellschaft, which for some years has dominated the entire metal market of the world. They dominated the market In this coun ' try. it was stated, in such a manner that they were able to sell copper, aluminum, sine and other metals in Germany at a price much lower than that charged the American, consumer. "Beer, Sondhelmer & Co.. owns one half interest in the National Zinc Company, the entire stock of the Cuba Copper Company, the Cuba Copper Leasing Company and the Norfolk Smelting Company, 30,000 shares of the Minerals Separation American Syndicate, Ltd," a statement says. "Vogeisteln tc Co. have large hold ings in the United States Metal Re fining Company and the American Zinc. Lead and Smelting Company. "Of the 70,000 shares of capital stock of the American Metals Company, 16. 180 shares are owned by the Metall bank and M. C. of Frankfurt. A. M.. and 18,180 shares by the Metalls gesellschaft of the same place." Owns Many Subsidiary Companies. The American Metals Company com pletely owns a large number of sub sidiary companies. "From the evidence which Mr. Gar van unearthed it is apparent that L. Vogelstein and Beer, Sondheime & Co. played an Important part In Ger many's declaration of war, and of the continuation of the war after Ger many had gotten into it. Through their domination of the metal Indus try In this country these concerns were enabled to send vast supplies of copper and other necessary metals to Germany." the statement continues. "The activities of these German con cerns in supplying necessary metals to Germany seems to have continued even after the beginning of the war in August, 1914, and only came to an end when the United States Joined In the Euuropean struggle. "In 1914 the profits nf Beer. Sond helmer & Co. were $116,624; in lilS the profits of this concern Jumped to i $1,011,676. and In 1916 they reached the large total of $2,000,000. In 1917. after the United States got Into the war, the profits of this company dropped to $196,900. Profits Extremely Large. "The profits of L. Vogelstein & Co. since April. 1916. were extremely large, the firm's business for the last three years approximating $70,000,000 Between April a?d December of 1?1? the profits of Vogelstein A Co. amounted to upward of $2,500,000. Directors named by the alien prop erty custodian for Vogelstein * Co. are Edward M. Mcllvaln, Louie A. Watres, James N. Wallace, Alfred H. Smith and C. C. Daniels. Messrs. Wallace, Mcllvaln and Watres also will act for the custodians office aa directors of eBer. Sondhelmer & Co^, in addition to John P. Greer and Ford Huntington. GERMAN U-BOAT SUNK BY DESTROYER MARNE i ?? LONDON, July 11.?The Britlah de stroyer Marne haa aunk a German submarine, says as offlolal statement issued today by the British admiralty. msm