Newspaper Page Text
Fair tonight and tomorrow; slightly
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest, 70, at 2
p.m. today; lowest. 44, at 6:30 a.m. to
Full report on page 24.
dosing New York Stocks, Page 23.
No. 27,197. ? WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1918?TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. TWO CENT&
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to
the use for republication of nil news dispatches
credited to It or not otherwise credited ?n this
paper and also the local news published herein.
All rights of publication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 105,953
President in No Mood to Ac
cept Patiently Evasion
< or Dilator'mess.
EVENTS TO MOVE QUICKLY
IF CHANCELLOR DELAYS
'Word From Abroad Shows the
Allies Are in Full
TTpon information obtained from the
proper sources of authority it is ap
propriate to state emphatically that
the fears said to be entertained in
tonic quarters of President "Wilson's
^ot^leading to further parleys and
prolonged diplomatic exchanges ?with
th'>#cnemy> are groundless.
| There is not a chance, it is declared,
f *>T Germany being able to take advan
tage of the form of Secretary Lan
ding's communication in the Presi
dent s name to entangle the interna- !
tional situation in a maze of letter
? Writing. Actions, not words, will con
trol the course of affairs.
Allies in Full Harmony.
; The enthusiastic approval of the
American government's stand by the
i Rovernments of the allied nations
fibroad, reported in the cable dis
' patches, is cited in support of the wis
dom of tho President's inquiries di
rected to the German chancellor, and
as showing the complete harmony of
understanding existing among all the
parties to the entente alliance.
Satisfactory proof that the Presi
dent's method of dealing with the Ger
man request will not impair tho mo- I
rale of the allied belligerents is found
in tho smashing advances of the last
forty-eight hours along aJmost the I
entire battle front in France. The
guns of the allies continue to speak
Jn no uncertain tones, regardless of
the diplomatic murmurings from
President Wants No Evasion.
Furthermore, it is declared in au
thoritative quarters,'President Wilson
is in no mood to be patient with
evasive or dilatory rejoinders from
the German government. While this i
government did not assume a swash
buckling mien toward the approach of !
the German chancellor, it is declared '
to be no indication that the Germans
vill find the American government
i?r soft>" or- r? ?se more dig
nified language, amenable to the cir
cumlocutory representations of di
plomacy in subsequent dealings.
<*u?s"ons **ave been propounded to
"j ? rman chancellor which require
definite answer before possible peace
negotiations can even be considered.
There is nothing in the situation
^he^e,^^e? ,V? warrant apprehension
that the allies will be weakened in
ineir position pending- a reply esnp
cially as the military operations are !
proceeding upon a larger scale and
bringing daily an increasing toll of
disaster upon the enemy.
Events to Move Quickly.
'* W"hile the impression here is that
events will move quickly,- if the Ger- i
mans delay a few days in making
their answer, it is pointed out that
it will not work to the detriment of
the position of the allies.
Stress is laid upon the point that in
the meantime the elements of disinte
gration will be given opportunity to
ferment and increase in Austria-Hun
tnrZ Turkey. Unquestionably in
formation is in possession of the allies
of the situation existing n fho"
fuMv a'tmri?f '''jb the "Ub,ic
full> apprised and upon which the al
lies are placing importance.
Kveri the layman, however, can ap
preciate what tremendous effect upon
the speedy ending of the war the de
iuiance0 w'i ?f ,h?sc ?<'?nsfrom
alliance_ with Germany would ciuse
?irWof 1<u,K;lria'? from the thea
?f war which precipitated the
appeal for armistice from the Ger
V?Z\ nf; With the splendid licking
the> were receiving on the battlefield
It is believed in diplomatic circles
Ew and foreiCT. that Pres
ldent Wilsons course is servin" to
contribute to the breaking of the war
like morale of Austria-Hungary and
Turkey and to the looked-f?^ disin
tegration of internal political condi
tions in tliose countries.
T? thA Associated Press.
LONDON. October 10.?It is reported
from Vienna that the Austro-Hunga
r.an ministerial council has decided to
introduce national autonomy in "order
to make President Wilson's stipulation
en accomplished fact," says an Ex
change Telegraph dispatch from Co
The Czech party did not take part in
t!ie deliberations, the advices add. It
Is holding an important meeting to
\ movement favoring a proclama
1 on separating Hungary and Austria
:i making extremely rapid progress
i.mong the public in the dual mon
' ch> according to an Exchange Tele
fcraph dispatch from Zurich.
Count Theodore Batthyamyl, former
minister in the Hungarian cabinet
t yoking at Budapest, emphasized the
v.gency of bringing about a separa
tion between Hungary and Austria.
I rech newspapers declare that prep
arations are under way for the reg
ular working of a future Czech state
and identical statements are being
published regarding the Jugo-Slavs
Telegrams from Warsaw announce
that a proclamation is about to be
i. sued for the union of all Polish
territories into a Polish state.
The congress of German associa
t.ons in Austria, advices received here
say, have resolved to favor the cre
ation of a German state in Austria
57 D. G. DEATHS 1
IN LAST 24 HOURS
Increase of Eighteen Shown
Over Previous Day,* a
NEW CASES DECREASE
666 IN COMPARISON;
Stern Action to Be Taken Against
Influenza has taken its heaviest death
toll in the District during the last
twenty-four hours, fifty-seven fatali
ties having been reported up to noon
today. For the previous twenty-four- j
hour period deaths totaled thirty-nine,
the record up to that time.
While deaths increased by eighteen, j
the number of cases of the disease re
ported today showed a reduction of 666
as compared with yesterday. In all,
6,232 cases have been reported.
Will Force Apartment Heat.
Failure' of certain landlords to heat
apartments and other buildings occu
pied as living quarters gave promise
today ot calling for the most drastic
action yet taken by either the federal
or District government for the pro
tection of citizens of the capital. i
Commissioner Brownlow requested
Charles W. Fairfax', president of the
Real Estate Brokers' Association, to
assemble today the executive commit
tee of the association to consider
means of putting an end to this abuse.
If the situation is not speedily im
proved, the Commissioners may take
action equally as drastic as that con
templated by the War Department.
Commandeering of property housing
war workers and soldiers which is not
heated is proposed by the War De
partment. Authority Will be sought
by other departments for taking simi
Drastic Measures Planned
to Compel D. C. Landlords
to Heat Apartment Houses j
Commissioner Brownlow took hold of
the upheated apartment house situation '
today with a determination to employ 1
every means of his command to remedy
it. He was confident of having the full
est co-operation of the Real Kstate
Brokers' Association. j
Characterizing the failure of certain j
landlords to heat their buildings, there- i
by endangering the lives of the tenants. ,
as an outrage demanding the severest
condemnation, the Commissioner advised
that all citizens knowing of such abuses
report them, in writing to Inspector
Gessford of the police department.
l'ersons now ill in unheated apart
ments and tenants who are likely to j
contract influenza as a result of living
in cold rooms will not be sent to un
timely graves if the District authorities
can prevent it. They want to ascertain j
the names of those responsible for this
situation with the least possible delay. |
If action becomes necessary it may be
one thing is certain; the ire of the
Commissioners never has been more ;
aroused than by the reports coming in
of the endangering of the lives of j
thousands of District residents :
through the "murderous" parsimony of i
certain landlords, as their action has
been referred to at the District build- !
Complaints Hint Retaliation.
Some complaints have charged that
the failure of owners to provide heat
is a deliberate retaliation for their hav- j
ing been prohibited by law from rais
The entire police and legal forces
of the District will be employed, if
necessary, to correct these abuses af
fecting the health and lives of so many
District citizens. But the Commis
sioners are not prepared yet to believe
that the most drastic measures will be
necessary. They are confident that the
reputable real estate men of the city
will lend their active aid in correcting
the conditions complained of.
The executive committee of the Real
Estate Brokers- Association meeting
today adopted a resolution calling
upon all to obey the dictates or
patriotism and set their furnaces
Herbert Shannon said three reasons
for the action of picayunish landlords
could be found: First, downright
meanness; second, a pretense tnaf
they are aiding the fuel administra
tion in conserving coal, and. third.
' existing contracts which do not ob
ligate the landlord to provide heat
until October 15.
But all these considerations should,
1 in the interests of public health, the
executive committee of the real estate
board said, be disregarded.
Resolution Adopted by Board.
The resolution adopted by the board
"Whereas the Real Estate Brokers'
Association of the District of Colum
bia having regard to the health and
comfort of citizens, especially such
citizens as are preparing for service
abroad, and recognize that influenza,
aggravated by the unseasonable
weather, has brought about an un
Be it resolved by the association
"that we must seriously urge all
owners and agents of apartments and
houses who have not yet done so to
heat the buildings under their con
trol, notwithstanding many existing
contracts providing that heating shall
begin October 15 and the pressure of
the fuel administration to conserve
The resolutions were signed bv
Charles W. Fairfax, president of the
association and Charles F. Shreeves.
secretary-- It was explained that the
committee was quite aware of the
fact that the fuel administration does
not want any person to conserve coal
to the point where the public health
"We know that Dr. Garfield wants
all houses In Washington properly
heated," it was stated.
Who Decline to Provide
Fires May Lose Houses
Washington landlords who are hous
lns soldiers and war workers and who
(Continued on. Second. -Page*}
WHILE THE GOING'S GOOD.
KAiSER HAS ABDICATED!
STOCKHOLM, October 10.
Thcre is a persistent rumor here
that Emperor William has abdi
President, Firm for Peace
Terms, Needs Full Back
ing at Home.
CRITICAL. MOMENTS HERE
BY D.VVID LAWRENCE.
(Conyrizht, 1918, by the New York Evening
The critical nature of the moments [
through which the United States gov- j
ernment is passing today cannot be j
exaggerated. Nor when the situation
is properly understood will any true
American cavil or quibble over
words, but be concerned over the
tremendous moves being made by the
| enemy to slacken the speed of the
i allied war machine, and the forces
that are at work in one of the al
lied countries to confuse entente coun
sels and becloud the main issues of
These are days when everything
that is known in Washington isn't
printed. Tli?se are days when the
President of the United States must
forego the pleasure of liip-hip-hurrah
answers of defiance to the enemy
itself, whose depredations entitle her
to no politeness or courtesy?these
are days, indeed, when the greatest (
diplomatic game in the world's his
tory is being played.
President "Best Informed."
The President is the best Informed
man in the United States on what is
, happening inside of Germany and
i Austria, as well as in the allied
countries. If ever there was need of
i a united nation behind him it is in
i the?e critical hours. Support riven
' the military measures heretofore adopt
i ed was unanimous and powerful.
' lie requires today the help of a
united people, so that nowhere in
Furope shall it be supposed that his
! liand in America is weak, that he
I cannot control the forces under his
New War Phase Arrives.
A new phase of the war has arrived.
The political moves are on a parity
' with the military moves and will
: Prnw e\ en more important as peace
H brought near by military victory.
But as has often happened in history,
* war can be won or lost at the peace
table as well as on the battlefield.
President Wilson has announced
fourteen terms of pea.ee, based upon
the idealism and traditional unselfish
, of the American people. He
, means to stick by those terms. He
I means to suffer no modification of
1 hem bv friend or foe. He speaks for
fhe^iberal forces of the world. That
! is why he must be able to speak for a
! Ut here^no"concealment in executive
' nnarters of the disappointment felt
' Ivv the President and his associates at i
1 the attitude assumed by Senator j
i I odsre the republican leader in the
Senate, and Representative Fess of
: Ohio the chairman of the republican
congressional campaign committee,
I who within a few hours after Mr.
! Wilson dispatched his message of m
j quiry to Germany expressed their dis
Loan Campaign Sags.
! There is no doubt that the liberty
loan campaign is sagging. Not many
j oeople in the government believe it
is due to peace talk, for if this were
' the last loan called for, no security
would be a better investment in our
chaotic economic condition than a lib
erty bond. The people need to be
stimulated to understand the impor
tance of holding tight while the dip
lomatic moves are being made.
The feeling in Washington is that
Germany will by her reply to Amer
ica give Mr. Wilson the material for
an emphatic rejection. There is to
be no prolonged debate. Mr. Wilson
had to use forbearance in his mes
sage so as to prevent the German peo
(Continued oa Sixteenth Page^
Washington on Trial Before
All the World.
All roads lead to Washington?not Rome.
The world is watching the National Capital in the cam
paign for the fourth liberty loan.
What shall your answer be?
Shall it be gloom and despondency, or shall it be "force,
force, without limit"?
It is for you to say, men and women of Washington.
Your subscription to the government's new issue must
be the answer.
This city has not raised one-half of its quota, and there
are only eight working days remaining in which to .complete
DISTRICT LIBERTY LOAN COMMITTEE.
GERMANS ADMIT FORCE
ALONE WILL CONVINCE
Declare "Hour Too Grave for Suppositions"
as to Berlin*s Next Move?Suggest That
Allies Evacuate Teuton Colonies.
I5y the Associated Press.
BASEL, Switzerland, October 10.?
"Only military reasons could compel us
to accept President Wilson's conditions,"
says the Cologne Gazette, in comment
ing on the American reply to the Ger
man peace offer. "It is possible Ger
many may require counter guarantees;
for example, the evacuation of the colo
nies occupied by the allies."
The newspaper continues:
"The political and military authorities
of the empire now are going to debate
these questions. It is probable the chan
cellor will present to the reichstag the
SIR ERIC (MS VISITS
NAVAL ACADEMY TODAY
Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the
British admiralty, visited and in
spected the Naval Academy at An
He was received at the great naval
school with appropriate naval honors.
Rear Admiral Edward W. Eberle, su
perintendent of the academy, gave a
luncheon in honor of the distinguish
ed Briton and his staff.
Sir Eric visited Mount Vernon yes
terday, where he laid a wreath of
roses on Washington's tomb. He
was the guest of Secretary of the
Navy Daniels, who escorted him
through the mansion.
Returning, Sir Eric and party stop
ped at Alexandria and visited Christ
Church, where the first President of
the United States and his family wor
shiped. Sir Eric signed the church
A reception to the first lord of the
British admiralty and his staff was
given later on board the British
cruiser Warrior by Lady Grant, wife
of Admiral Grant, commander-in-chief
of British naval forces in American
By the Associated rr*?8s.
LONDON, October IP. ? French
troops, operating in Serbia, are push
ing toward the Montenegrin fron
tier, according to the Central News
agency. The Serbian army has reach
ed a line between fifteen and eight
een miles south of Nish.
Serbian troops, pursuing the de
feated 9th Austrian Division on
Monday, entered Leskovatas, twenty
two miles south of Nish. and Viaso
tintze, according to ?n official Serbian
statement issued today. ?
The Serbians took several hundred
prisoners and captured a large quan
tity o? jnateriaJ.
result of these deliberations. For the
moment the hour is too grave to permit
An authentic text of President Wil
son's reply to Prince Maximilian's note
has not yet been received by the Ger
man government, according to a dis
patch from Berlin. Proper examination
of the reply cannot be made until the
official text is received, but, in any case,
it is plain that a further declaration by
the German government will be neces
Feverish Impatience in Vienna.
PARIS, October 10.?Feverish impa
tience is shown by the people of Vienna
while awaiting President Wilson's reply
to the peace proposals of the central
powers, according to a dispatch from
U. S. STEAMSHIPS SUNK
MAY BE BIG LIFE LOSS
By the Assnci'i'nil Prfss.
AN ATLANTIC I'ORT, October 10 ?
News of tho sinking by a submarine
of a large American steamship, with
the probable loss of many of her crew,
was brought here today by a British
freighter. The British ship had aboard
twenty survivors of the American ves
Tho American steamship, said to
have carried a large crew, was shell
ed and then torpedoed, according to
oflicers of the rescue ship. The attack
| was made five days ago.
It was reported in maritime circles
that the U-boat's victim was the Tl
conderoga, formerly the German
steamer Camilla Sickmers, of 5,130
j gross tons. The ship was interned at
; Manila at the beginning of the war.
No Details From Deep water.
NEW YORK, October 10.?The
I American steamship Deepwater, 8,500
tons gross register, has been sunk,
presumably by an enemy submarine,
according to information received in
shipping circles here today. Details
of the sinking are not known as yet.
The Deepwater was built at Cam
den, N. J., In 1917, and before being
launched was taken over by the
United States Shipping Board. She
was assigned to the Italian govern
ment for operation and was in that
service up to six months ago, when
she was taken over by the War De
partment as a freight transport.
Separated From Convoy.
Reports from an Atlantic port today
of the sinking of an American
steamer believed to have been the Ti
conderoga developed the fact that the
Navy Department recently was noti
fied that the Ticondesoga had been
separated from her convoy at sea.
Since then nothing has been heard of
The Ticonderoga was a cargo car
rier in the overseas service and proD
ably had nobody aboard except the
QUARTER MILLION GERMANS
NOW ARE IN FULL RETREAT;
HAIG GAINS 15 MILES IN 2 DAYS
Entire German Front North of
Rheims Seems Near
DAY ON BATTLE FRONTS
By (he Associated Tress.
A igorously pressing the advantage
i gained by the breaking of the German
s line between Cambrai and St. Quen
, tin, the British, French and American
i armies have widened the great wedge
in this area to such an extent that
the entire German front from Rheims
northward seems to be collapsing,
j The disintegration of this line is
| being hastened by the vigorous
! strokes delivered by the French along
the Aisne, while farther east the Ger- |
nian left flank in the active battle
: area,is being hammered hard by other
I* rench forces and the American
; ^rmy in the Champagne, Argonne
and the Verdun regions.
i ( Most Telling Thrust.
j Most tplling in its immediate effect
1 is the thrust by Field Marshal Haig,
southeast of Cambrai, where American I
! troops also are operating. The British
commander has swung the main direc
tion of his drive northeastward and al
ready has pushed to within two miles
of the important railway junction of
The taking of Le Cateau, which
seems imminent, will cut the last of
the lateral railway lines connecting
the German northern front with the
great salient of Laon and apparently
will make inevitable the evacuation
of the entire Laon area.
1 Before Le Cateau the British are
i on a line fully ten miles in advance
or a longitudinal line runni ig be
, tween Cambrai and St. Quentin, hav
ing swept through the great part of
; .his area in great strides, driving be
fore them a disorganized enemy. The
resistance of the German was report
i ed to be stiffening during the night
j however, indicating that a stand
| might be made in an effort to save the
. railway junction as long as possible
French Push Toward Oise.
i Meanwhile, farther south the French
are pushing toward the Oise in the gen
eral direction of Guise.
I They have made particularly ncta
I ble progress to the east and south
I east of St. Quentin, where thev are
closely approaching "the river. Their
columns here have passed Fontaine
-Notre-Dame, nearly six miles directlv
east of St. Quentin. This push is like
wise having a marked effect in closing
the Laon pocket.
In the north the wedge driven from
i Cambrai east is alreadv affecting the
front north to Lens. The British first
army is moving forward here in the
direction of Douai. which seems the
hSXfhBreiU-tOW? marked for capture
? ,a>! aIons the British sec
tion of the line.
Gen. Pershing's Blow.
7>J,h?.Am<;rican firKt army under Gen.
Pershing is not being outdone by the
I other allied forces in the delivery of
hard blows upon the trembling Ger
man defensive system. The thrust
east ot the Me use in the Verdun area
1 Is being followed up by further at
tacks which have resulted in the ad
I vance of the line here well up toward
that won by the offensive west of the
| river. c
lu the Argonne, where a junction
| has been effected with the French
i at Lancon, thus virtually clearing the
i forest of Germans, new attacks were
launched this morning. All the re
j cent gains of Gen. Pershing's men
have been held. notwithstanding
I the throwing in of German reserves
[ Xot the least interesting develop
; ment of the American campaign is
; t"? work of the air forces, which
I evidently have been assembled in
such numbers that an American
bombing- expedition, which dropped
more than thirty tons of bombs on
Herman areas on "Wednesday, com
prised no less than 350 machines.
LUDENDORFF, AT BERLIN,
CONFERS WITH LEADERS
BASISL, Switzerland, October 10.
: Gen. Ludendorff has arrived at Berlin
from the German grand headquarters,
; to take part in conferences to be held
j at the German capital, according to
?) information received here today.
From one of the European neutral
countries today a report reached the
State Department that Gen. LudendorfT
had suffered a physical collapse and
relinquished command of the German
BULGARIA TRAFFIC 'UNSAFE.'
COPENHAGEN, October 10. Th#
! interruption of direct communication
between Germany, Bulgaria and Tur
key is shown by an announcement in
the Berlin newspapers of yesterday
that the Balkan express left that day
, as usual, but that "in view of the un
safe traffic conditions in Bulgaria it
] probably can run only to Nisli."
It may be possible, the newspapers
[ add, to transport passengers to Sofia
and Constantinople in local trains.
1 In Honor of Vice Admiral Wilson.
j PAFJS. October 10.?American naval
| officers gave a reception yesterday at
| an American naval base In France in
| celebration of the promotion of Hear
Admiral Henry B. Wilson to the grade
| of vice admiral. It was attended by
I a large number of French and allied
fukval officers and dviliaa dignitaries*
General Enemy Retirememt
Assured by Allies'St. Quen
PERSHING SMASHES FORWARD;
FRENCH ARMIES STRIKING
By the Associated Press.
WITH THE ANGLO-AMERICAN FORCES
SOUTHEAST OF CAMBRAI, October 10, morning.?
British and American forces continued to advance rapidly
and are driving the demoralized Germans before them, ac
cording to all available reports on this front. ?
The whole battle is on a field that was aflame through
out the night. The many fires have completely destroyed
towns and farmhouses.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, October 10.?A quarter of a million Germans now are
in full retreat between Cambrai and St. Quentin, with the allies
hot at their heels, according to the battle front reports that camc
in through the night. At some points the advancc has exceeded
fifteen miles in the last two days.
This forward movement of the allies is regarded as the first
step in the great general retreat of the Germans, which now seems
inevitable, for it is doubtful whether Gen. Ludendorff has such
fortified positions on the upper Oise and the Sambre canal as to
permit him effectively to resist the exploitation of the victory of
the last two days on the allied side.
Contribute to Success.
The success in the CamBTai-St.
Quentin section of the front was in
a large measure made possible by
the splendid achievements of Gen.
Gouraud's men and the Americans
from Rheims to the Meuse. Because
a break in that part of the front
would have much worse consequences
for the enemy than anywhere else the
Germans concentrated most of their
reserves there. Gen. Gouraud not only
succeeded in holding them there?in
itself a valuable service?but notwith
standing- the difficult country and the
powerful artificial defenses he has
made and is continuing to make won
derful progress, this enhancing the
victory farther west.
Advance Still Farther.
Yesterday Gen. Gouraud's forces
advanced still farther toward the im
portant junction of Vouziers. while
the Americans pushed forward and
joined the French south of Grand
I're, thus completing the conquest of
the Argonne forest.
The result of Marshal Foch's skill
ful strategy is that the region of Laon
and the St. Gob&ln rriassif has be?
come so dangerous that the evacii^
lion of this vast and important pocket
in the near future seems imperative.
Allies Refuse to Let Foe Tarry;
Cavalry Leads Victorious Drive
By the Associated Press.
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY ON
THECAMBRAI-ST. QUENTIN FRONT.
Wednesday, October 9.?By last night
the British and Americans had reach
ed a point where it was certain that
the German lines, with probably one
hard blow, could be cracked. As a
I matter of fact, cavalry might have
I gone through the German lines last
i night in considerable numbers. Only
patrols wore sent out, however, while
the main bodies were held just back
of the line.
After a night of heavy firing from
the British guns, during which the
sky seemed to blaze with flashes, the
third and fourth armies again at
tacked this morning from Cambrai
south to the front held by the French.
At the same time the Canadian and
English troops after a "crash" bar
rage launched a powerful attack ex
tending some miles north from Cam
Front Springs Into Action.
For miles the front suddenly sprang
into action. The Canadians had
hard going at one place just north of
Cambrai, but with great gallantry
swept on after annihilating the Ger
mans who tried to bar their way.
From there on. the resistance weak
ened and the Canadians, with the
English, hurried eastward, smother
ing the usual screen of German ma
chine gunners as they went.
Canadian and British troops met In
the center of Cambrai, which was
entered from both north and south
and quickly mopped up. Many Ger
mans had escaped, but many hundreds
who had been held there to launch a
counter attack were either killed or
captured. Some of the enemy troops
are still in deep cellars two stories
under ground and in the tunnels the
Germans dug during their occupation
of the city. These are being routed
out and sent back to the cages.
Although many fires were started by
the Germans, the town was found not
to be as badly damaged as had been
feared. The solid buildings withstood
the flames well. It was quite evident,
however, that it was no fault of the
Germans that the city had not been
leveled to the ground by the many (ires
they had kindled.
Overcome the Enemy.
South of the city the third and
fourth armies rapidly overcame
enemy opposition. The Germans
started fleeing soon after the attack
began, for they realized they were
fighting a battle in which they could
hope for no success. The front line
for twenty miles began moving rap
idlv eastward. Then came reports
from airplanes, with which the sky
was literally crowded, that Wambalx
had been taken. Soon the capture of
Harcourt was reported. From then
on tidings came in rapid succession
of the villages falling before the
allied, ad vance.
Selvigny. Caullery. Ligny, Mon
tigny and Maretz were quickly
reached and passed and soon the lines
were closing in on Caudry and Ber
try. At the same time from the
north it was reported that Escau
doeuvres, east of Cambrai. had been
taken and that Inchy was being ap
The Cambral-Le Cateau road was
crossed and then the railway be
tween ?SU Quentin and Bertry. wad
cut. Seboncourt was then in sight
and Fontaine Notre Dame, further
south, had been reached by the
French. By that time it was clear
the enemy was badly smashed and
that the British and Americans stood
on the thresnold of the wide open
It was about that time that the cav
alry, which had been waiting, poured
through the wide breach in the now
shattered Hindenburg system and
streamed out into the country beyond.
Fast "whippet" tanks and armored
cars also crashed forward and came
into action. They performed extremely
valuable services in pursuing the flee
ing Germans, killing many and round
ing up a large number of prisor ts.
They smashed down strong points
held by rear guards, who had been
waiting for the cavalry, knowing that
it had come through the line.
Cavalry Forces Well East.
CavaJry forces now are apparently
well east of the towns reported cap
tured. The allies having thus broken
through the Germans north and south
for many miles are endangered, for
their lines are being turned. Re
treats on even a broader scale than
that now in progress may therefore be
Officers directing the attack were
distinctly satisfied as the news came
back in reports from airplanes and
by runners, but finally one camc back
that showed better than anything else
how completely the enemy had been
defeated. This was a report from an
air patrol that British infantry had
been marching as if on parade in a
column of fours into and through the
town of Bertry. The men were swing
ing along entirely unmolested by the
Flee in Great Disorder.
Another patrol brought word of the
Germans fleeing in the greatest disorder
as far east as I.e Cateau. Enemy troops
and transports, it was said, were
streaming along the roads and over
the fields trying to make their escape,
for, with the British cavalry galloping
over the country and with "whippet"
tanks and arrrored cars working, they
realized that it was extremely dangerous
for them to tarry anywhere. Such a
thing as troops who have Just attacked
marching through a town 10.000 yards
from the place where they started is a
thing that has not happened in this
war for a long time. Such a thing could
only happen now when the enemy is
defeated, disorganized, disheartened and
running for his very existence. The
troops at Bertry did not tarry there, but
kept right on marching.
Where the Germans will stop Is. of
course, impossible to tell. It Is known
that they have been working on a line
running generally back of I^e Cateau
but prisoners say that this line Is in an
embryo condition and cannot ofTer such
protection. Even if it did, the British
would not have much trouble In smash
ing it. considering their overwhelming
preponderance of guns, munitions and
British Cannon on Kove.
British cannon had been on the
move eastward all day long. In many
cases batteries would gallop over Uie
rolling plains of Artois. They would
stop, wheel about and fire for a while,
then dash on and repeat the perform
ance. This has developed from a bat
tle of movement to one of very rapid
There is no Intention to let the
Germans get a chance to regain their
breath and organize their smashed
forces. British troops arc advancing
eastward astride the road from Cam
brai to Lie Cateau and every hour haa
seen them further east. Xha