Newspaper Page Text
No. 709? No. 27,214.
> i FIVE CENTa of the Associated Press The AaorbM Frees I* nelnlnlr refilled to the m tor republication of all new difpttrtiw credited to It ar not otkmrin credited la litis paper and alia the local arws published hereia. All rights of pnbilcatloa af aprclal dispatches hereta are alsa reserred. WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27, 1918* Abdication of Kaiser Openly Discussed by People as Way to Peace. THINK DEMOCRATIC MOVE MAY SATISFY PRESIDENT Anxiety Over Solvency of Empire Acnte?Prussian House Votes ; Electoral Bills. Sj the Associated Press. COPENHAGEN", October 26?The "Berlin Lokal Anzeigcr says that a new * note will be sent by Germany to Pres ident Wilson aa soon as possible. A crown council under the presidency of the emperor, lasting several hours, reached this decision Friday. The note, it is asserted, will point out the changes which have taken place in the German constitution. Germans Discuss Abdication. LONDON". October 26.?German newspapers are discussing openly whether the abdication of William Hohenzollern. the German ruler, is necessary to obtain peac^ for Ger many. A Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company says the view held in Germany is that President Wilson does not demand the ruler's abdication, but will rest sat isfied with democratic development of political institutions. The Frankfort Zeitung says the monarch is confronted with the great est difficulties in making the personal decision whether Germany shall sur render or negotiate. It expresses the hope that he will make "a speedy and clever decision." Pears for Empire's Solvency. AMSTERDAM, Friday. October 25.? Public anxiety over the solvency of the empire apparently is becoming acute in Germany. The hoarding of money has bccome so rampant as to cause great inconvenience. There has been a general run on banks. Prussian Vote on Electoral Bills. AMSTERDAM October 26.?The Prussian upper house has passed en bloc the three electoral bills as ; amended by special committee, ac cording to a. Berlin dispatch. The re- i actionaries did not vote. Berlin advices early in October said that the Prussian upper house had rejected the motion to introduce suf frage based on vocations, and had passed an equal direct sufirage meas ure in accordance with the govern ment bill, with the addition of an ex tra vote for persons over fifty years of age. The house thus modified article 3 of the electoral reform bill, which caused the rejection of the measure by the lower house. This article pro vided for one vote for each man in Prussia and did away with plural voting. French Deputies Praise Note. PARIS. October 25, Friday (Ha ras).?The logic and firmness of Pres ident Wilson's answer to Germany was praised oil a!l sides in the lob bies of the chamber of deputies to- | day. Many deputies declared that the question now is essentially a military one, and that only Marshal Foch and the other allied military leaders are qualified to express the demands and guarantees to be made by the allied governments. Japanese Approval. TOKIO, Friday, October 25 (by the Associated Press).?Unqualified ad miration of President Wilson's atti tude toward Germany is expressed in official circles. The reply is praised i highly as deserving the most pro found attention of all the belligerent nations lighting a common enemy, who is a deliberate transgressor of the cause of peace, justice and hu-1 manity. President Wilson's note is considered to be fully comprehensive. His re fusal to treat with the Prussian rulers of Germany, according to opinion here, is so explicitly and un mistakably expressed as to arouse ad miration worthy of the leading cham pion of international justice, at the same time inspiring the confidence not only of the allies, but of all who stand for right and justice. The reply is considered to be worth treasuring as a most valuable addition to official war time correspondence. VAST BUDAPEST CROWD DEMANDS FREE NATION Many Officers in Demonstration Which Upholds Hungary's Independence. By (be * ?Tilted Tltm. COPENHAGEN. October 26.?A great demonstration In favor of an inde pendent Hungary occurred In Buda pest Friday. Thousands of people as sembled outside the parliament build ings and demonstrated in favor of peace and a Karolyi cabinet. Two hundred officers took part in this manifestation. There Is no official information here to confirm any of the various Interest ing rumors coming out of European neutral countries regarding develop ments in Austria-Hungary and Tur key. An offer of surrender from Con stantinople bas been expected momen tarily for days, but no notice of a new proposal had reached the State De partment last night. Ukewise the Department heard only through press dispatches of reports that Vienna newspapers were pub >taking announcements of preparation for Austrian demobilisation and of i usia that Emperor Charles was leavteg the country preparatory to *bdic*tlon. lU FARE DUE, increase More Than Enough to Meet New Expenses, Utilities Board Holds. I INTERLINE TRANSFERS TO BE DECIDED LATER Plea of Companies Granted in Ad vance of Valuation of Trac tion Properties. | Washington and practically the en tire District of Columbia went on a straight five-cent street car fare today. In reality, the five-cent fare was made effective yesterday afternoon, -when I conductors on the various lines of the ] two street railway systems ceased sell ing tickets at the rate of six for a quarter. Announcement of the action taken yesterday by the Public Utilities Com mission in ordering a straight five-cent fare on the lines of the Capitol Trac tion Company and the Washington Railway and Electric Company came as a surprise to the public. The change had been generally anticipated, but it was believed it would not be made effective for at least several days after j the order was issued. However, the Public Utilities Com mission, evidently convinced that the exigencies of the case demanded imme diate action, made the order effective at once. To Accept Unused Tickets. Tickets in the possession of indi viduals, according to the commission's ' order, arc to be accepted for fares un- j til December 1. After that date un used tickets are to be redeemed at the full value by the companies that issued them. The order, affecting practically every one in the District, became at once the cause of almost universal comment, the general tenor of expres sion being that more time should have been allowed before the order became effective, and that the ques tion of intercompany or universal transfers should have been decided iit th^.same time. The fact that the or- ? der' specified that hearings are to be held at future dates on the question of transfers between Wie lines of the two companies, and that the first of these hearings, regarding the Navy Tard section, is not to be held until November 7, was ground for wide spread comment. Only one company operating in the [ District. the Washington-Virginia line, operating cars between this city, i Alexandria. Mount Vernon, Arling ! ton and other Virginia points, is omitted in the order abolishing the six-for-a-quarter tickets and substi i luting therefor a straight five-cent fare. Some Transfers Indicated. In its order abolishing the si^-for a-quarter tickets and establishing a straight five-cent fare the public utilities commission said in regard to the inter-company transfers, pro posed as a correlative feature of the increase in fare: "The question of free 'universal transfers,' so called, or, more properly speaking, free 'intercompany trans fers," was discussed at length in the hearings. The president of the peti tioning company (Washington llail was and Electric Company >, as well as the vice president of the Capital Traction Company, admitted that at certain points of intersection of their ' respective lines free transfers might be interchanged which would be of great benefit to the public, although perhaps not tending to increase the revenues of the companies. "Both these officials stated that they would interpose no legal objection to an order of this commission requiring such transfers at points where, in the opinion of the commission, the public i interests demand it, ^nd where- it would not tend to increase the con ; gestion on the lines. It was the opinion of the witnesses, however, that no extensive system of inter company transfers should be estab lished without a careful and complete | investigation by the experts of the ! companies and the commission." Better Service Forecasted. After giving consideration to evi i dence adduced in the case the commis ; sion states: ?That war times are causing an ab ? normal situation, particularly in the | National Capital, with its present ! crowded condition. While it is true that : operating expenses and costs of mate I rial have greatly advanced, it is like i wise true that a much larger source of j revenue to the street railway companies I has been provided by this abnormal in crease in population. This crowded condition has occasioned many incon veniences and distractions in the street car service which are beinc borne by the public while the street car com i panies are receiving- the benefit of the 1 greatly increased number of fares. Un der these conditions it is only right j and proper that the utility must bear I its share of the war's burdens, as rcp J resented in improved service and such other benefits to the public as the com mission may hereafter determine, just as every person and institution must bear its share. '"That it appreciates the patient manner in which the public.has ac cepted the street car service as now given them in the District of Colum bia. which is conceded by the com panies and the public and is known to the commission to be much below the standard which should be main tained. In view of the assertions made by the companies as shown by the record in this case that the qual ity of service depends in large meas ure upon the sufficiency of the reve nue received by them, and the com mission being of the opinion that the increased revenue, as sought by the companies in their petitions, is more than sufficient to meet the recent large increases in the wages of its employes made necessary by sxtreme , war conditions as well as the con i stantly increasing prices of materials, I the commission will expect the cora ! panies to bring the service to the proper standard of efficiency. "That in view of tbe action of the : commission in granting this increase . In fare in advance of a finding by it ! of the fair value of the property of i the company on which it should be : allowed to earn a reasonable return ' and as a condition of such increase i of fares, there shall be a determina tion at an early date by the commis sion of the question of transfers be twean the lines of the petitioners sad (Continued on Second Page.) 4 GALE HURLS CRAFT OVER REEF; 343 DIE All on Board Canada Liner in Blizzard Lost?Shore Near, Rescuers Baffled. WORST PACIFIC DISASTER ! By the Associated Tress. | VANCOUVER, B. C., October 26.? The 268 passengers and crew of T5 | men were lost when the steamship I Princess Sophia foundered last night, the Canadian Pacific railway an i nounced today. Not a soul survived, according to a Juneau wireless mes sage which said the ship apparently was VUH.W "H& l>y the gale, hurled across Vanderbilt reef and sent to the bottom in the deep waters on the other side. Ail Believed to Be AlasKans. SEATTLE, Wash., October 26.?Near ly all those aboard the Princess Sophia, it is believed here, were Alas kans, who boarded the steamer at Skagway after coming up the Yukon river from the interior of the northern ; territory. They left the river at White : Horse and'went by train to Skagway. ! The Sophia struck at 3 o'clock ; Thursday morning. It was at first j thought that liie would float on the ; high tide Thusday afternoon. Ef i forts in that direction evidently failed I and the vessel remained fast. | The government lighthouse tenders I and a number of small craft stood by ' the Sophia. Vessel Master's Report. .. Yesterday Capt. Locke, master of the steamer, notified the Canadian Pa cific's Vancouver office that the wind made it impossible to transfer any one from the stranded ship to the boats standing by. He expressed no tear for their safety, however. The vepsel was in the path of the wind, which often sweeps down the j Lynn canal with hurricane force, i Thursday afternoon a northerly fresh breeze sprang up. causing the ship to pound badlv, making it impossible to launch the lifeboats or transfer the passengers* to the several steamers which had hurried to the scene in answer to the Sophia's "S. O. S.' call. Pacific's Worst Disaster^ Shipping men tonight said the loss :of the Princess Sophia with all aboard ! was the worst marine disaster tn the history of the Pacific coast. The vessel, 2,320 tons gross, had been plying In western Canadian and southeastern Alaskan waters since she was built in 1912. The passenger list and devils or the wreck were not available tonight. Wednesday the heavily loaded Sophia left Skagway for Vancouver and Vic toria. Not many hours out, she ran into one of the first snowstorms of the year. Early Thursday, in the dark and storm, she ran hard aground on the Vanderbilt roof. Distress calls were sent out and government boats and the I small craft went to her assistance, i When daylight camp it was found the ! boat was resting easy and the weather , calm, and it was decided not to remove I the passengers. Word was sent to 1 Vancouver and the wrecking steamer I Tees and the Canadian Pacific railway I steamer Princess Alice were sent to I the Princess Sophia's aid. These ships I will arrive at the scene tomorrow. 1 ? Pounded Against Bocks. The storm sprang up yesterday and the winds whipped down the long, narrow Lynn canal with hurricane force. The Sophia, In the path of the gale, was pounded against the rocks. On account of the danger of strand ing. the nearby shtps did not dare go near her. Lifeboats were impossible, | although the shore was not many I vards away. Last flight the gale In I creased in fury and lifted the steamer ' up. dragged her across the reef and I sent her to the bottom. The- only definite word from the north regarding the wreck came to day, when the Canadian wireless serv ice at Victoria picked up the follow ing message from the United States wireless station at Juneau: "Princess Sophia driven across reef last night No survivors. Seventy five in crew; 268 passengers. Every thing possible was done. Terrible weather prevailed." Capt. F. L. Locke was tn charge of the vessel. Lighthouse Tender's Attempt. VICTORIA, B. C? October 26.?The > United States lighthouse tender Cedar | made an unsuccessful attempt to get , to the side of the Sophia after she ] started to sink, according to a wire ; less message from the Cedar received here tonight. The body of one woman I and four upturned boats were the : only signs of the Sophia left at day 1 light today. "NIGHT AIR RAID" MADE ON CAPITAL Flier From Boiling Field Drops Colored Lights?Search lights Follow. Washington was given its first sight of night airplane work last night, when Lieut. Z. P. Lee flew over the city for nearly ari\ hour in an illumi nated plane, dropping colored lights on the river and being played upon the while by searchlights from the War College. Observers in all parts of the city sighted the plane shortly after S o'clock, as it rose from Boiling Field and came over Anacostia to ihe city. The plane bore three lights, one on the end of each wing and one at the tail of the plane. Ten rflknutes later the searchlights at the War College threw their rays on Lieut. Lee and his bright craft, and after that ho was literally in the "spotlight" all the time, with the ex ception of moments when he dropped colored lights. These moments seemed to be sig naled to the War College by a rapid winking of the two wing lights. Then the searchlight rays would be with drawn and Lieut. Lee would drop his "bombs," now a green light, now a red, now a white one. Plane Gleams in Light. The nocturnal aviator attained a height of about a mile and a half at his highest altitude, making the short flight of his "bombs" before they dis appeared seem puny indeed. While in the air?and in the searchlight beams?Lieut. Lee performed some of the simpler air tricks, which made his bright plane gleam silver in the rays. The planes of the airplane stood in bold relief and were plainly visible to observers. Hundreds of persons went to Poto mac Park and the Monument grounds to witness the flight, and at the lat ter place soldiers with anti-aircraft guns went through mimic evolutions. Spectators thronged the roofs of the higher of the down town buildings I and stood on the streets to see the first airplane ever to fly over the National Capital at night. The bright plane was plainly visible from the surrounding suburbs. Flares Dropped on Field. Two "flares" of about 26,000 candle power were dropped on Boiling Field, but were scarcely Visible from the city proper. Owing to the fresh wind it was not deemed advisable to drop the "flares" on the city, as it had been hoped the aviator ? might do. The flares floated with parachutes, and burned about three minutes. .Lieut. Lee headed his plane' for Boiling Field shortly before 9 o'clock, and landed, still iiy the rays of the I searchlights, without mishap. A second lighted plane was sent up about 8:25 o'clock, but was forced to land after being in the air about a minute. A second trial also came to speedy end, owing to engine trou ble, and the plane abandoned the at tempt. The landings were made safe ly ? Lieut Lee is of Toledo, Ohio, and is one of the three young officers who flew to Washington from Texas Jast week. The other two officers are Lieut. C. N. Cone of Delaware, Ohio, and Lieut. W. D. Bancker, Jr., of Indianapolis. The men are ex perienced in night flying. ORDER ALMOST RESTORED AFTER REVOLT AT FIUME BERN, October 26.?Order has now been almost completely restored at Finme, where the Croatian soldiers of the 79th Regiment revolted, according to an official dispatch received here. The three battalions of a Hungarian regiment which marched against and occupied the Honved barracks dis armed the mutlneerlng Croats. HUGHES SUBMITS EEP0BT. Declines to Reveal Findings in In quiry of Alleged Aero Graft. NEW YORK, October 26.?Arriving here tonight from Washington, Charles Evans Hughes, designated by President Wilson to co-operate with the Department of Justice in an in vestigation of alleged graft and waste In airplane production plants, said tfc'at he had completed his report and submitted it today to Attorney Gen eral Gregory for presentation to th? President. He declined to reveal its contents. ' I INFLUENZA DEATHS DECREASE BY 1W0 Only 29 Fatalities for 24 Hour Period Ended Last Night. CHURCHES NOT TO OPEN There were twenty-nine deaths from influenza for the twenty-four hour period from 9 -o'clock Friday night to the same hour last night, f or the same period of twenty-four hours ending at 9 o'clock Friday night there were thirty-one deaths, show ing a decrease of two deaths. For the period of twenty-four hours ending at noon yesterday there were thirty-four deaths from influensa, -?s compared with twenty-two in a like period the day before. No report was made of new cases after the official list was given out at noon yesterday, when the record showed 402, a decrease of eighty two cases from the previous twenty four-hour period. Health Officers Not Surprised. The health officers handling the in fluenza situation express no surprise at the slight rises and falls of the record on the chart, saying that such conditions are naturally to be ex pected for a number of days, when the record will be stabilized for a day or two, and then it is certain, unless unlooked-for developments should arise, that the record of both deaths and ner cases will show a steady fall from day to day until the city is back to its normal health condi tion and practically free from danger of contagion. The fact that the District Commis sioners refused yesterday to raise the ban on the churches as asked for by a delegation of ministers who called on Health Officer Fowler and asked him to recommend to the Commis sioners that the churches be opened today, does not mean, the health offi cials say, that they are not well as sured from the records in hand that the major danger of the contagion is passed, but the position taken by Dr. Fowler, who declined to give in dorsement to the views expressed by the clertey, was taken as a matter of publio safety. To Lift Ban as Soon as Possible. It is the intention of the author ities of the District health depart ment and the United States public health service, handling the situa tion, to recommend to the Commis sioners the raising of the ban just as soon as they are satisfied that all danger from influenza has been re moved and that it .is safe to do so Surgeon Mustard of the United States public health service, direct ing, the activities of that service, in conjunction with the District health department, said last night that the work under his direction was being carried out with the best results, all- calls for physicians and nurses being promptly met. He says the calls for service are falling off materially and most of the cases re ported in the past few days show that the disease, is of a less severe t?pe than it has been. He is in need of additional volunteers with auto mobiles to handle the physicians and nurses sent' out to the homes of the sick. Volunteers may-be enrolled at any time of day or night by calling the' headquarters of the service in the Webster School building at 10th and H streets northwest. The Red Cross activities are being continued with vigor, that organisa tion rendering a splendid service night and day. In addition to look ing after the sick It is supplying nurses, food and other needs. The charitable organizations and churches. Dr. Mustard says, are in the fight against the influenza with a snap and vim that is telling. Every one of the hundreds of volunteers is working long hours' without com plaint. The emergency hospital for infln enu. patients at 18th and -Virginia avenue northwest is a strong factor in caring for the sick and is doing a wonderful service, taking care of all cases offered. There is room there for all who may need hospital attention. , FIRST SNOW OF SEASON HITS TEXAS PANHANDLE DALLAS, Tex., October 26.?The first snow of the season was falling in the Texas Panhandle today, with general rains in other parts of the state. Freez ing weather is forecast for the ex treme northern portion of east Texas and snow for eastern Oklahoma. BRITISH,FRENCH AND YANKEES STILL RAIN BLOWS ON FOE, SCORING FURTHER PROGRESS HtKb ARt (jLUKIUUS -DEEDS OF YANKEES IN PRESENT BATTLE By the Associated Press. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY NORTHWEST OF VER DUN. October 2tt.?Since the Americani* began the present battle they have inflicted more than 70.U00 casualties on the enemy, treed forty villages and 4S7 square kilometers of French territory and have captured 20,000 prisoners, besides the German wounded who fell Into their hands. Reports in Amsterdam Hint That General Staff May Lose Power. TALK OF NEW SOVEREIGN BY REKE FE1BELMAX. Cablegram to The Sunday Star and Chicago Dally Newa. Copyright, 1918. AMSTERDAM, October 22 (delayed). ?Even the socialist papers of Ger many sjiy Germany cannot go any farther in concessions until the allies have annihilated her. There is much excitement regarding today's session of the reichstag. It is hoped that what is said in the debate will contribute to give Mr. Wilson and the whole world confidence in what the note says about Germany's democratization. It is asserted that the arbitrary power of the kaiser has been de stroyed beyond the possibility of re pair. It Is also maintained that the changes in the constitution will deal with the suppression'of the emperor's absolute right to declare war, though in the government proposal It is said that "the kaiser can declare war sin gle handed in case Germany Is at ticked*" The democratic parties want the right to declare war taken away from the kaiser in all cases, because the term "is attacked" is open to manifold interpretations. In 1914 the emperor himself declared that Ger many was being attacked or at any rate being threatened by Russia and France. Differences of Opinion. The majority in the reichstag want the requirement that further declara tions of war must be sanctioned by it in all cases. The pan-Germans and conservatives insist on the reserva tion concerning aggression. This, if put through, will kill the whole re form. It is suggested that the con stitution must be amended so that the chancellor shall be responsible to the kaiser as at present but that a majority in the reichstag can cause the fall of the chancellor by a simple vote, so that the emperor will no longer be able to impose upon the country a chancellor of his own choice. Until the two measures?taking away from the kaiser the right to de clare war and the right to keep in office his own chancellor?are passed and loyally adhered to there will be no democracy and no parliamentary government in Germany. Two other measures are under con sideration. They are intended to kill the influence of the general staff and the kaiser's secret military cabinet. Until now both have been supreme authorities in military matters, stand ing above the nominal heads of the government and parliament. Under the proposed new constitution the general staff will be controlled by a responsible chancellor and Abinet or by a minister of war responsible to the chancellor. These reforms may be accomplished facts In a few days. Kaiser Deeply Worried. Now the people of Germany are asking what the kaiser's position will be after the whirlwind of re form hais passed over the country. It is said that the emperor is deep ly worried over the prospect of be coming, as he says, a mere "chan cery employe." Nobody in Germany cares what the kaiser thinks about it. It is not supposed that the Ho henzollern dynasty can remain in power long after the royal powers have been curtailed. There is even much discussion as to the next sov ereign. One thing is sure?the kaiser is no longer master of Ger many. Parliament, if It remains united, will sooner or later place be fore him the choice: Accept the new order of things or go. ENGINE GOES IN RIVER, FOUR RAIL MEN DROWN Locomotive Backs Off Cantilever Bridge Into Thirty Feet of Water. NORFOLK, Va., October 26.?The engineer, fireman and two yard brake men were drowned toalght when a Norfolk and Western locomotive backed off the cantilever bridge span ning the Eastern branch of the Elisa beth river into more than thirty feet of water. The freight train, of forty-four heavily loaded cars, inbound from the west was being pulled by two en gines. In backing to reach a siding on en tering the yard, one of the engines plunged into the open draw. It is be lieved the engineer overlooked the warning red light found burning 1,000 feet from the structure. The dead are Engineer J. W. Wright, Fireman S. R. Bur* and two negro brakeijen. Fall ofLe QuesnoyNear; French Shake Enemy on Serre by Sharp Drive. ITALIAN ARMIES GAINING IN MONTE GRAPPA REGION By the Associated Press. Germany's hard-pressed soldiers are being given no rest as the British, French and American forces continue with success their drives on important sectors from north of Valenciennes to east of the Meuse. Meanwhile the Italians are pushing ahead in the region of Monte Grappa. On the northern end of the front in Francc the British main tain their progress in encircling Valenciennes. In the center the French have shaken seriously the German defenses along the Serre and eastward toward the Aisne at Chateau Prcien. The American troops east and west of the Meuse not only hold their gains against strong enemy reactions, but have further strength ened their position north of Grand Pre. South of Valenciennes Field Marshal llaig is across the Valenciennes-Le Ouesnov railroad, and the fall of Le Quesnoy, which is vital to the defense of Mons and the Maubcuge, would appear to be near at hand. The fighting 011 this sector continues bitter, with the British striving to outflank the Mormal forest. On the northwest of the forest the British have advanced some what and captured Englefontaine and a nearby hill. Large Readjustment Possible. Along the northern edge of the Raismes forest, north of Valcn ciennes, the British have approached nearer the canalized portion of the Scheldt river. In this region they have captured the villages of Odomez and Maulde. If the British can cross the Scheldt in force in this region and continue their progress south of Valenciennes, it would seem the Germans soon would retire from that important point and probably read just their lines north and south on a large scale. French. Take Rapid Strides. Between the Oise and the Aisne the French are making rapid strides to ward the important points of Marie and Montcornel. Along the railway southwest of Marie they have cap tured the village of Mortiers and maintained their pressure elsewhere along the Serre. Farther east a Dig hole has been torn in the German defenses, begun in 1917. Between Banogne and Herpy the French have driven forward toward Montcornet, a distance of about two miles on a front of between four and five miles. A continued advance here menaces the German hold on Rethel, to which the enemy has clung tena ciously. and tends to outflank tlifl German line eastward along tli? Aisne to Vouzicrs. Yankees Repulse Germans. The Germans continue to fight des* perately to check the advance of th? American troops along the vital front east and west of the Meuse. Their counter attacks at various points on both sides of the river have been re pulsed, but the enemy continues to bombard the American line heavily. On the extreme western end tlx Americans have reinforced their hold on the hills in the southern portion of the Bourgogne wood, north of Grand Pre. In the last week the allied troops in France and Belgium have freed 400 square miles of territory from tha grasp of the enemy. Italians Maintain Gains. In the continuation of their attack between the Piave and the Brent;* the Italians have captured more than 2.000 prisoners in the last twenty-four hours, the Italian war oflice reports. There was heavy fighting ail day Friday northwest of Monte Grappa, but the Italians maintained their gains of Thursday and extended tliem somewhat. The strongly fortified height of Monte Pertica to the north, west was carried by the Italians. HAIG IN ARTRES, FAMARS AND AVELGHEM; DRIVING ON By Iho Associated Prpy. LOXDOX, October 26. ? British troops have occupied the villages of Artres and Famars. south of Valen ciennes, and have made progress along the Scheldt toward the out skirts of that town. Field Marshal Haig reports tonight. The British have made further progress toward the Scheldt and have captured the village of Avelghem, southeast of Courtrai. This announce ment is made in a supplementary of ficial statement issued by the war office shortly before midnight. ? WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IV FRAXCE AND BELGIUM, October 26 (by the Associated Tress).?Th* Germans were fighting desperately today on the new line along the Scheldt canal and the Rhonelle river, in the region of Valenciennes, to which they had been forced by the British encircling movement north and south of Valenciennes. In the fighting Friday the Britisti made deep dents in the German de fenses north and south of Valen ciennes, despite the determined re sistance of the enemy. FRENCH IN EXTENDED ADVANCE, OCCUPYING NUMEROUS TOWNS By the Associated Prppg. PARIS, October 26.?The French troops fighting between the Oise and the Serre have made an extended ad vance eastward, occupying numer ous villages, according to the war office annquncement tonight. Twen ty-three hundred prisoners have been captured in the operations between Sissonne and Chateau Porcien. Actions Gain in Violence. WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IX FRANCE, October "6, 2:30 p.m. (by the Associated Press).The operations began Thursday between the Oise and the I'eron rivers by Gen. Deb eney"8 army and on Friday by the 5th Army northwest of Sissonne have gained considerably in violence and are gradually taking on the propor tions of a great battle. Gen. Guillaumat's forces, attacking from the right pocket north of Sis sonne. of which the Mortiers-Marle line is the axis, has continued its advance, overcoming a series of ob stacles quiet _AS strong as any here tofore encountered. In the center the village of Mortiers was captured and Gen. Debeney's forces, attacking from the left, reached a point two miles east of Lucy. Violent Infantry Fight. The first army this morning took 800 prisoners, and fighting continued intensely on the line of Hill 120, Hill 100, Ecery farm, the village of Pleine-Selve, in which a violent in fantry engagement toolc place, and Fremont wood to the east slope ot Hill 115. which is only about tw? miles west of the river Peron, on a line east of Ribemont. Mortiers, occupied by Gen. Mangiii, was one of the strong supporting points of the Hunding positions north of the Serre. The French troops all along the battle front liava had to face newly-strengthened po sitions, from behind which Uprnun artillery and machine guns are keep ing up a heavy Are. Gen. Guillamat's forces encountered no less than five successive lines of wire, behind which were the sani? number of lines of trenches, forti fied with concrete, and deep armor ed shelters characteristic of the Ger man field works. Germans React Fiercely. The enemy's Infantry, as well as his artillery, reacts violently wherever French troops make inroads into th? German lines. Last evening the enemy counter attacked with great energy In the neighborhood of th? village of Petit Caumont, endeavoring unsuccessfully to drive Mangin's troops beyond the Souchez. The lot It Army maintained its positions and took prisoners and supplies. The German counter attack In that region was preceded by artillery preparation at the moment when the French troops were advancing to tha attack. Mortiers constituted an im portant bridgehead north of th? Serre. the possession of which will facilitate further operations against the German positions in that region. SERB TROOPS TAKE KRALIEVO; ITALIANS ON BULGAR BORDER By the Aiscclated Pre?*. LONDON, October 2S. ? Krallevo, sixty miles east-northeast of Nlsh, has been occupied by the Serbian troops, says a Serbian official state ment Issued Friday. In the same re gion the Serbians have crossed the Tsrnltsa river. Italian cavalry has reached th?r Bul garian border near Egri Falanka. fifty miles southwest of Sofia, the Bulgarian capital, according to re* ports reaching here today. ROME, October 26.?Albania: Ital ian advance guards are in contact with the enemy on the lower Mali. Albanian bands have hoisted our Sag and taken up arms for Italy against the retreating Austrian* and are in flicting considerable losses on LbMfc