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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 27, 1918, Image 1

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No. 709? No. 27,214.
> i
FIVE CENTa
of the Associated Press
The AaorbM Frees I* nelnlnlr refilled to
the m tor republication of all new difpttrtiw
credited to It ar not otkmrin credited la litis
paper and alia the local arws published hereia.
All rights of pnbilcatloa af aprclal
dispatches hereta are alsa reserred.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27, 1918*
Abdication of Kaiser Openly
Discussed by People as
Way to Peace.
THINK DEMOCRATIC MOVE
MAY SATISFY PRESIDENT
Anxiety Over Solvency of Empire
Acnte?Prussian House Votes
; Electoral Bills.
Sj the Associated Press.
COPENHAGEN", October 26?The
"Berlin Lokal Anzeigcr says that a new
* note will be sent by Germany to Pres
ident Wilson aa soon as possible. A
crown council under the presidency of
the emperor, lasting several hours,
reached this decision Friday.
The note, it is asserted, will point
out the changes which have taken place
in the German constitution.
Germans Discuss Abdication.
LONDON". October 26.?German
newspapers are discussing openly
whether the abdication of William
Hohenzollern. the German ruler, is
necessary to obtain peac^ for Ger
many. A Copenhagen dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company says
the view held in Germany is that
President Wilson does not demand the
ruler's abdication, but will rest sat
isfied with democratic development of
political institutions.
The Frankfort Zeitung says the
monarch is confronted with the great
est difficulties in making the personal
decision whether Germany shall sur
render or negotiate. It expresses the
hope that he will make "a speedy and
clever decision."
Pears for Empire's Solvency.
AMSTERDAM, Friday. October 25.?
Public anxiety over the solvency of
the empire apparently is becoming
acute in Germany. The hoarding of
money has bccome so rampant as to
cause great inconvenience. There
has been a general run on banks.
Prussian Vote on Electoral Bills.
AMSTERDAM October 26.?The
Prussian upper house has passed en
bloc the three electoral bills as ;
amended by special committee, ac
cording to a. Berlin dispatch. The re- i
actionaries did not vote.
Berlin advices early in October said
that the Prussian upper house had
rejected the motion to introduce suf
frage based on vocations, and had
passed an equal direct sufirage meas
ure in accordance with the govern
ment bill, with the addition of an ex
tra vote for persons over fifty years
of age.
The house thus modified article 3 of
the electoral reform bill, which
caused the rejection of the measure
by the lower house. This article pro
vided for one vote for each man in
Prussia and did away with plural
voting.
French Deputies Praise Note.
PARIS. October 25, Friday (Ha
ras).?The logic and firmness of Pres
ident Wilson's answer to Germany
was praised oil a!l sides in the lob
bies of the chamber of deputies to- |
day. Many deputies declared that the
question now is essentially a military
one, and that only Marshal Foch and
the other allied military leaders are
qualified to express the demands and
guarantees to be made by the allied
governments.
Japanese Approval.
TOKIO, Friday, October 25 (by the
Associated Press).?Unqualified ad
miration of President Wilson's atti
tude toward Germany is expressed in
official circles. The reply is praised i
highly as deserving the most pro
found attention of all the belligerent
nations lighting a common enemy,
who is a deliberate transgressor of
the cause of peace, justice and hu-1
manity.
President Wilson's note is considered
to be fully comprehensive. His re
fusal to treat with the Prussian
rulers of Germany, according to
opinion here, is so explicitly and un
mistakably expressed as to arouse ad
miration worthy of the leading cham
pion of international justice, at the
same time inspiring the confidence
not only of the allies, but of all who
stand for right and justice. The reply
is considered to be worth treasuring
as a most valuable addition to official
war time correspondence.
VAST BUDAPEST CROWD
DEMANDS FREE NATION
Many Officers in Demonstration
Which Upholds Hungary's
Independence.
By (be * ?Tilted Tltm.
COPENHAGEN. October 26.?A great
demonstration In favor of an inde
pendent Hungary occurred In Buda
pest Friday. Thousands of people as
sembled outside the parliament build
ings and demonstrated in favor of
peace and a Karolyi cabinet. Two
hundred officers took part in this
manifestation.
There Is no official information here
to confirm any of the various Interest
ing rumors coming out of European
neutral countries regarding develop
ments in Austria-Hungary and Tur
key.
An offer of surrender from Con
stantinople bas been expected momen
tarily for days, but no notice of a new
proposal had reached the State De
partment last night.
Ukewise the Department heard only
through press dispatches of reports
that Vienna newspapers were pub
>taking announcements of preparation
for Austrian demobilisation and of
i usia that Emperor Charles was
leavteg the country preparatory to
*bdic*tlon.
lU FARE DUE,
increase More Than Enough
to Meet New Expenses,
Utilities Board Holds.
I INTERLINE TRANSFERS
TO BE DECIDED LATER
Plea of Companies Granted in Ad
vance of Valuation of Trac
tion Properties.
| Washington and practically the en
tire District of Columbia went on a
straight five-cent street car fare today.
In reality, the five-cent fare was made
effective yesterday afternoon, -when
I conductors on the various lines of the ]
two street railway systems ceased sell
ing tickets at the rate of six for a
quarter.
Announcement of the action taken
yesterday by the Public Utilities Com
mission in ordering a straight five-cent
fare on the lines of the Capitol Trac
tion Company and the Washington
Railway and Electric Company came
as a surprise to the public. The change
had been generally anticipated, but it
was believed it would not be made
effective for at least several days after j
the order was issued.
However, the Public Utilities Com
mission, evidently convinced that the
exigencies of the case demanded imme
diate action, made the order effective
at once.
To Accept Unused Tickets.
Tickets in the possession of indi
viduals, according to the commission's '
order, arc to be accepted for fares un- j
til December 1. After that date un
used tickets are to be redeemed at the
full value by the companies that issued
them.
The order, affecting practically
every one in the District, became at
once the cause of almost universal
comment, the general tenor of expres
sion being that more time should
have been allowed before the order
became effective, and that the ques
tion of intercompany or universal
transfers should have been decided iit
th^.same time. The fact that the or- ?
der' specified that hearings are to be
held at future dates on the question
of transfers between Wie lines of the
two companies, and that the first of
these hearings, regarding the Navy
Tard section, is not to be held until
November 7, was ground for wide
spread comment.
Only one company operating in the
[ District. the Washington-Virginia
line, operating cars between this city,
i Alexandria. Mount Vernon, Arling
! ton and other Virginia points, is
omitted in the order abolishing the
six-for-a-quarter tickets and substi
i luting therefor a straight five-cent fare.
Some Transfers Indicated.
In its order abolishing the si^-for
a-quarter tickets and establishing a
straight five-cent fare the public
utilities commission said in regard to
the inter-company transfers, pro
posed as a correlative feature of the
increase in fare:
"The question of free 'universal
transfers,' so called, or, more properly
speaking, free 'intercompany trans
fers," was discussed at length in the
hearings. The president of the peti
tioning company (Washington llail
was and Electric Company >, as well
as the vice president of the Capital
Traction Company, admitted that at
certain points of intersection of their
' respective lines free transfers might
be interchanged which would be of
great benefit to the public, although
perhaps not tending to increase the
revenues of the companies.
"Both these officials stated that they
would interpose no legal objection to
an order of this commission requiring
such transfers at points where, in the
opinion of the commission, the public
i interests demand it, ^nd where- it
would not tend to increase the con
; gestion on the lines. It was the
opinion of the witnesses, however,
that no extensive system of inter
company transfers should be estab
lished without a careful and complete
| investigation by the experts of the
! companies and the commission."
Better Service Forecasted.
After giving consideration to evi
i dence adduced in the case the commis
; sion states:
?That war times are causing an ab
? normal situation, particularly in the
| National Capital, with its present
! crowded condition. While it is true that
: operating expenses and costs of mate
I rial have greatly advanced, it is like
i wise true that a much larger source of
j revenue to the street railway companies
I has been provided by this abnormal in
crease in population. This crowded
condition has occasioned many incon
veniences and distractions in the street
car service which are beinc borne by
the public while the street car com
i panies are receiving- the benefit of the
1 greatly increased number of fares. Un
der these conditions it is only right
j and proper that the utility must bear
I its share of the war's burdens, as rcp
J resented in improved service and such
other benefits to the public as the com
mission may hereafter determine, just
as every person and institution must
bear its share.
'"That it appreciates the patient
manner in which the public.has ac
cepted the street car service as now
given them in the District of Colum
bia. which is conceded by the com
panies and the public and is known
to the commission to be much below
the standard which should be main
tained. In view of the assertions
made by the companies as shown by
the record in this case that the qual
ity of service depends in large meas
ure upon the sufficiency of the reve
nue received by them, and the com
mission being of the opinion that the
increased revenue, as sought by the
companies in their petitions, is more
than sufficient to meet the recent
large increases in the wages of its
employes made necessary by sxtreme
, war conditions as well as the con
i stantly increasing prices of materials,
I the commission will expect the cora
! panies to bring the service to the
proper standard of efficiency.
"That in view of tbe action of the
: commission in granting this increase
. In fare in advance of a finding by it
! of the fair value of the property of
i the company on which it should be
: allowed to earn a reasonable return
' and as a condition of such increase
i of fares, there shall be a determina
tion at an early date by the commis
sion of the question of transfers be
twean the lines of the petitioners sad
(Continued on Second Page.)
4
GALE HURLS CRAFT
OVER REEF; 343 DIE
All on Board Canada Liner in
Blizzard Lost?Shore Near,
Rescuers Baffled.
WORST PACIFIC DISASTER
! By the Associated Tress.
| VANCOUVER, B. C., October 26.?
The 268 passengers and crew of T5
| men were lost when the steamship
I Princess Sophia foundered last night,
the Canadian Pacific railway an
i nounced today. Not a soul survived,
according to a Juneau wireless mes
sage which said the ship apparently
was VUH.W "H& l>y the gale, hurled
across Vanderbilt reef and sent to the
bottom in the deep waters on the other
side.
Ail Believed to Be AlasKans.
SEATTLE, Wash., October 26.?Near
ly all those aboard the Princess
Sophia, it is believed here, were Alas
kans, who boarded the steamer at
Skagway after coming up the Yukon
river from the interior of the northern
; territory. They left the river at White
: Horse and'went by train to Skagway.
! The Sophia struck at 3 o'clock
; Thursday morning. It was at first
j thought that liie would float on the
; high tide Thusday afternoon. Ef
i forts in that direction evidently failed
I and the vessel remained fast.
| The government lighthouse tenders
I and a number of small craft stood by
' the Sophia.
Vessel Master's Report. ..
Yesterday Capt. Locke, master of the
steamer, notified the Canadian Pa
cific's Vancouver office that the wind
made it impossible to transfer any one
from the stranded ship to the boats
standing by. He expressed no tear for
their safety, however.
The vepsel was in the path of the
wind, which often sweeps down the
j Lynn canal with hurricane force,
i Thursday afternoon a northerly fresh
breeze sprang up. causing the ship to
pound badlv, making it impossible to
launch the lifeboats or transfer the
passengers* to the several steamers
which had hurried to the scene in
answer to the Sophia's "S. O. S.' call.
Pacific's Worst Disaster^
Shipping men tonight said the loss
:of the Princess Sophia with all aboard
! was the worst marine disaster tn the
history of the Pacific coast.
The vessel, 2,320 tons gross, had
been plying In western Canadian and
southeastern Alaskan waters since she
was built in 1912.
The passenger list and devils or the
wreck were not available tonight.
Wednesday the heavily loaded Sophia
left Skagway for Vancouver and Vic
toria. Not many hours out, she ran
into one of the first snowstorms of the
year. Early Thursday, in the dark
and storm, she ran hard aground on the
Vanderbilt roof. Distress calls were
sent out and government boats and the
I small craft went to her assistance,
i When daylight camp it was found the
! boat was resting easy and the weather
, calm, and it was decided not to remove
I the passengers. Word was sent to
1 Vancouver and the wrecking steamer
I Tees and the Canadian Pacific railway
I steamer Princess Alice were sent to
I the Princess Sophia's aid. These ships
I will arrive at the scene tomorrow.
1 ? Pounded Against Bocks.
The storm sprang up yesterday and
the winds whipped down the long,
narrow Lynn canal with hurricane
force. The Sophia, In the path of the
gale, was pounded against the rocks.
On account of the danger of strand
ing. the nearby shtps did not dare go
near her. Lifeboats were impossible,
| although the shore was not many
I vards away. Last flight the gale In
I creased in fury and lifted the steamer
' up. dragged her across the reef and
I sent her to the bottom.
The- only definite word from the
north regarding the wreck came to
day, when the Canadian wireless serv
ice at Victoria picked up the follow
ing message from the United States
wireless station at Juneau:
"Princess Sophia driven across reef
last night No survivors. Seventy
five in crew; 268 passengers. Every
thing possible was done. Terrible
weather prevailed."
Capt. F. L. Locke was tn charge of
the vessel.
Lighthouse Tender's Attempt.
VICTORIA, B. C? October 26.?The
> United States lighthouse tender Cedar
| made an unsuccessful attempt to get
, to the side of the Sophia after she
] started to sink, according to a wire
; less message from the Cedar received
here tonight. The body of one woman
I and four upturned boats were the
: only signs of the Sophia left at day
1 light today.
"NIGHT AIR RAID"
MADE ON CAPITAL
Flier From Boiling Field Drops
Colored Lights?Search
lights Follow.
Washington was given its first sight
of night airplane work last night,
when Lieut. Z. P. Lee flew over the
city for nearly ari\ hour in an illumi
nated plane, dropping colored lights
on the river and being played upon
the while by searchlights from the
War College.
Observers in all parts of the city
sighted the plane shortly after S
o'clock, as it rose from Boiling Field
and came over Anacostia to ihe city.
The plane bore three lights, one on
the end of each wing and one at the
tail of the plane.
Ten rflknutes later the searchlights
at the War College threw their rays
on Lieut. Lee and his bright craft, and
after that ho was literally in the
"spotlight" all the time, with the ex
ception of moments when he dropped
colored lights.
These moments seemed to be sig
naled to the War College by a rapid
winking of the two wing lights. Then
the searchlight rays would be with
drawn and Lieut. Lee would drop his
"bombs," now a green light, now a
red, now a white one.
Plane Gleams in Light.
The nocturnal aviator attained a
height of about a mile and a half at
his highest altitude, making the short
flight of his "bombs" before they dis
appeared seem puny indeed. While
in the air?and in the searchlight
beams?Lieut. Lee performed some of
the simpler air tricks, which made
his bright plane gleam silver in the
rays. The planes of the airplane
stood in bold relief and were plainly
visible to observers.
Hundreds of persons went to Poto
mac Park and the Monument grounds
to witness the flight, and at the lat
ter place soldiers with anti-aircraft
guns went through mimic evolutions.
Spectators thronged the roofs of the
higher of the down town buildings
I and stood on the streets to see the
first airplane ever to fly over the
National Capital at night. The bright
plane was plainly visible from the
surrounding suburbs.
Flares Dropped on Field.
Two "flares" of about 26,000 candle
power were dropped on Boiling Field,
but were scarcely Visible from the
city proper. Owing to the fresh wind
it was not deemed advisable to drop
the "flares" on the city, as it had
been hoped the aviator ? might do.
The flares floated with parachutes, and
burned about three minutes.
.Lieut. Lee headed his plane' for
Boiling Field shortly before 9 o'clock,
and landed, still iiy the rays of the
I searchlights, without mishap. A
second lighted plane was sent up
about 8:25 o'clock, but was forced
to land after being in the air about
a minute. A second trial also came
to speedy end, owing to engine trou
ble, and the plane abandoned the at
tempt. The landings were made safe
ly ?
Lieut Lee is of Toledo, Ohio, and
is one of the three young officers
who flew to Washington from Texas
Jast week. The other two officers
are Lieut. C. N. Cone of Delaware,
Ohio, and Lieut. W. D. Bancker, Jr.,
of Indianapolis. The men are ex
perienced in night flying.
ORDER ALMOST RESTORED
AFTER REVOLT AT FIUME
BERN, October 26.?Order has now
been almost completely restored at
Finme, where the Croatian soldiers of
the 79th Regiment revolted, according
to an official dispatch received here.
The three battalions of a Hungarian
regiment which marched against and
occupied the Honved barracks dis
armed the mutlneerlng Croats.
HUGHES SUBMITS EEP0BT.
Declines to Reveal Findings in In
quiry of Alleged Aero Graft.
NEW YORK, October 26.?Arriving
here tonight from Washington,
Charles Evans Hughes, designated by
President Wilson to co-operate with
the Department of Justice in an in
vestigation of alleged graft and waste
In airplane production plants, said
tfc'at he had completed his report and
submitted it today to Attorney Gen
eral Gregory for presentation to th?
President.
He declined to reveal its contents. '
I
INFLUENZA DEATHS
DECREASE BY 1W0
Only 29 Fatalities for 24
Hour Period Ended
Last Night.
CHURCHES NOT TO OPEN
There were twenty-nine deaths
from influenza for the twenty-four
hour period from 9 -o'clock Friday
night to the same hour last night,
f or the same period of twenty-four
hours ending at 9 o'clock Friday night
there were thirty-one deaths, show
ing a decrease of two deaths.
For the period of twenty-four hours
ending at noon yesterday there were
thirty-four deaths from influensa, -?s
compared with twenty-two in a like
period the day before.
No report was made of new cases
after the official list was given out
at noon yesterday, when the record
showed 402, a decrease of eighty
two cases from the previous twenty
four-hour period.
Health Officers Not Surprised.
The health officers handling the in
fluenza situation express no surprise
at the slight rises and falls of the
record on the chart, saying that such
conditions are naturally to be ex
pected for a number of days, when
the record will be stabilized for a day
or two, and then it is certain, unless
unlooked-for developments should
arise, that the record of both deaths
and ner cases will show a steady
fall from day to day until the city
is back to its normal health condi
tion and practically free from danger
of contagion.
The fact that the District Commis
sioners refused yesterday to raise the
ban on the churches as asked for by
a delegation of ministers who called
on Health Officer Fowler and asked
him to recommend to the Commis
sioners that the churches be opened
today, does not mean, the health offi
cials say, that they are not well as
sured from the records in hand that
the major danger of the contagion is
passed, but the position taken by
Dr. Fowler, who declined to give in
dorsement to the views expressed by
the clertey, was taken as a matter
of publio safety.
To Lift Ban as Soon as Possible.
It is the intention of the author
ities of the District health depart
ment and the United States public
health service, handling the situa
tion, to recommend to the Commis
sioners the raising of the ban just
as soon as they are satisfied that all
danger from influenza has been re
moved and that it .is safe to do so
Surgeon Mustard of the United
States public health service, direct
ing, the activities of that service,
in conjunction with the District
health department, said last night
that the work under his direction
was being carried out with the best
results, all- calls for physicians and
nurses being promptly met. He says
the calls for service are falling off
materially and most of the cases re
ported in the past few days show
that the disease, is of a less severe
t?pe than it has been. He is in need
of additional volunteers with auto
mobiles to handle the physicians and
nurses sent' out to the homes of the
sick. Volunteers may-be enrolled at
any time of day or night by calling
the' headquarters of the service in
the Webster School building at 10th
and H streets northwest.
The Red Cross activities are being
continued with vigor, that organisa
tion rendering a splendid service
night and day. In addition to look
ing after the sick It is supplying
nurses, food and other needs.
The charitable organizations and
churches. Dr. Mustard says, are in
the fight against the influenza with
a snap and vim that is telling. Every
one of the hundreds of volunteers is
working long hours' without com
plaint.
The emergency hospital for infln
enu. patients at 18th and -Virginia
avenue northwest is a strong factor
in caring for the sick and is doing
a wonderful service, taking care of
all cases offered. There is room
there for all who may need hospital
attention. ,
FIRST SNOW OF SEASON
HITS TEXAS PANHANDLE
DALLAS, Tex., October 26.?The first
snow of the season was falling in the
Texas Panhandle today, with general
rains in other parts of the state. Freez
ing weather is forecast for the ex
treme northern portion of east Texas
and snow for eastern Oklahoma.
BRITISH,FRENCH AND YANKEES
STILL RAIN BLOWS ON FOE,
SCORING FURTHER PROGRESS
HtKb ARt (jLUKIUUS
-DEEDS OF YANKEES
IN PRESENT BATTLE
By the Associated Press.
WITH THE AMERICAN
ARMY NORTHWEST OF VER
DUN. October 2tt.?Since the
Americani* began the present
battle they have inflicted more
than 70.U00 casualties on the
enemy, treed forty villages and
4S7 square kilometers of French
territory and have captured
20,000 prisoners, besides the
German wounded who fell Into
their hands.
Reports in Amsterdam Hint
That General Staff May
Lose Power.
TALK OF NEW SOVEREIGN
BY REKE FE1BELMAX.
Cablegram to The Sunday Star and
Chicago Dally Newa. Copyright, 1918.
AMSTERDAM, October 22 (delayed).
?Even the socialist papers of Ger
many sjiy Germany cannot go any
farther in concessions until the allies
have annihilated her. There is much
excitement regarding today's session
of the reichstag. It is hoped that what
is said in the debate will contribute to
give Mr. Wilson and the whole world
confidence in what the note says about
Germany's democratization.
It is asserted that the arbitrary
power of the kaiser has been de
stroyed beyond the possibility of re
pair. It Is also maintained that the
changes in the constitution will deal
with the suppression'of the emperor's
absolute right to declare war, though
in the government proposal It is said
that "the kaiser can declare war sin
gle handed in case Germany Is at
ticked*"
The democratic parties want the
right to declare war taken away
from the kaiser in all cases, because
the term "is attacked" is open to
manifold interpretations. In 1914 the
emperor himself declared that Ger
many was being attacked or at any
rate being threatened by Russia and
France.
Differences of Opinion.
The majority in the reichstag want
the requirement that further declara
tions of war must be sanctioned by it
in all cases. The pan-Germans and
conservatives insist on the reserva
tion concerning aggression. This, if
put through, will kill the whole re
form. It is suggested that the con
stitution must be amended so that
the chancellor shall be responsible to
the kaiser as at present but that a
majority in the reichstag can cause
the fall of the chancellor by a simple
vote, so that the emperor will no
longer be able to impose upon the
country a chancellor of his own
choice.
Until the two measures?taking
away from the kaiser the right to de
clare war and the right to keep in
office his own chancellor?are passed
and loyally adhered to there will be
no democracy and no parliamentary
government in Germany.
Two other measures are under con
sideration. They are intended to kill
the influence of the general staff and
the kaiser's secret military cabinet.
Until now both have been supreme
authorities in military matters, stand
ing above the nominal heads of the
government and parliament. Under
the proposed new constitution the
general staff will be controlled by a
responsible chancellor and Abinet or
by a minister of war responsible to
the chancellor. These reforms may be
accomplished facts In a few days.
Kaiser Deeply Worried.
Now the people of Germany are
asking what the kaiser's position
will be after the whirlwind of re
form hais passed over the country.
It is said that the emperor is deep
ly worried over the prospect of be
coming, as he says, a mere "chan
cery employe." Nobody in Germany
cares what the kaiser thinks about
it. It is not supposed that the Ho
henzollern dynasty can remain in
power long after the royal powers
have been curtailed. There is even
much discussion as to the next sov
ereign. One thing is sure?the
kaiser is no longer master of Ger
many. Parliament, if It remains
united, will sooner or later place be
fore him the choice: Accept the new
order of things or go.
ENGINE GOES IN RIVER,
FOUR RAIL MEN DROWN
Locomotive Backs Off Cantilever
Bridge Into Thirty Feet
of Water.
NORFOLK, Va., October 26.?The
engineer, fireman and two yard brake
men were drowned toalght when a
Norfolk and Western locomotive
backed off the cantilever bridge span
ning the Eastern branch of the Elisa
beth river into more than thirty feet
of water.
The freight train, of forty-four
heavily loaded cars, inbound from the
west was being pulled by two en
gines.
In backing to reach a siding on en
tering the yard, one of the engines
plunged into the open draw. It is be
lieved the engineer overlooked the
warning red light found burning 1,000
feet from the structure.
The dead are Engineer J. W. Wright,
Fireman S. R. Bur* and two negro
brakeijen.
Fall ofLe QuesnoyNear; French
Shake Enemy on Serre
by Sharp Drive.
ITALIAN ARMIES GAINING
IN MONTE GRAPPA REGION
By the Associated Press.
Germany's hard-pressed soldiers are being given no rest as
the British, French and American forces continue with success
their drives on important sectors from north of Valenciennes to
east of the Meuse. Meanwhile the Italians are pushing ahead in
the region of Monte Grappa.
On the northern end of the front in Francc the British main
tain their progress in encircling Valenciennes. In the center the
French have shaken seriously the German defenses along the
Serre and eastward toward the Aisne at Chateau Prcien. The
American troops east and west of the Meuse not only hold their
gains against strong enemy reactions, but have further strength
ened their position north of Grand Pre.
South of Valenciennes Field Marshal llaig is across the
Valenciennes-Le Ouesnov railroad, and the fall of Le Quesnoy,
which is vital to the defense of Mons and the Maubcuge, would
appear to be near at hand. The fighting 011 this sector continues
bitter, with the British striving to outflank the Mormal forest.
On the northwest of the forest the British have advanced some
what and captured Englefontaine and a nearby hill.
Large Readjustment Possible.
Along the northern edge of the
Raismes forest, north of Valcn
ciennes, the British have approached
nearer the canalized portion of the
Scheldt river. In this region they
have captured the villages of Odomez
and Maulde. If the British can cross
the Scheldt in force in this region
and continue their progress south of
Valenciennes, it would seem the
Germans soon would retire from that
important point and probably read
just their lines north and south on a
large scale.
French. Take Rapid Strides.
Between the Oise and the Aisne the
French are making rapid strides to
ward the important points of Marie
and Montcornel. Along the railway
southwest of Marie they have cap
tured the village of Mortiers and
maintained their pressure elsewhere
along the Serre. Farther east a Dig
hole has been torn in the German
defenses, begun in 1917.
Between Banogne and Herpy the
French have driven forward toward
Montcornet, a distance of about two
miles on a front of between four and
five miles. A continued advance here
menaces the German hold on Rethel,
to which the enemy has clung tena
ciously. and tends to outflank tlifl
German line eastward along tli?
Aisne to Vouzicrs.
Yankees Repulse Germans.
The Germans continue to fight des*
perately to check the advance of th?
American troops along the vital front
east and west of the Meuse. Their
counter attacks at various points on
both sides of the river have been re
pulsed, but the enemy continues to
bombard the American line heavily.
On the extreme western end tlx
Americans have reinforced their hold
on the hills in the southern portion
of the Bourgogne wood, north of
Grand Pre.
In the last week the allied troops
in France and Belgium have freed
400 square miles of territory from tha
grasp of the enemy.
Italians Maintain Gains.
In the continuation of their attack
between the Piave and the Brent;*
the Italians have captured more than
2.000 prisoners in the last twenty-four
hours, the Italian war oflice reports.
There was heavy fighting ail day
Friday northwest of Monte Grappa,
but the Italians maintained their
gains of Thursday and extended tliem
somewhat. The strongly fortified
height of Monte Pertica to the north,
west was carried by the Italians.
HAIG IN ARTRES, FAMARS
AND AVELGHEM; DRIVING ON
By Iho Associated Prpy.
LOXDOX, October 26. ? British
troops have occupied the villages of
Artres and Famars. south of Valen
ciennes, and have made progress
along the Scheldt toward the out
skirts of that town. Field Marshal
Haig reports tonight.
The British have made further
progress toward the Scheldt and have
captured the village of Avelghem,
southeast of Courtrai. This announce
ment is made in a supplementary of
ficial statement issued by the war
office shortly before midnight.
?
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IV
FRAXCE AND BELGIUM, October
26 (by the Associated Tress).?Th*
Germans were fighting desperately
today on the new line along the
Scheldt canal and the Rhonelle river,
in the region of Valenciennes, to
which they had been forced by the
British encircling movement north
and south of Valenciennes.
In the fighting Friday the Britisti
made deep dents in the German de
fenses north and south of Valen
ciennes, despite the determined re
sistance of the enemy.
FRENCH IN EXTENDED ADVANCE,
OCCUPYING NUMEROUS TOWNS
By the Associated Prppg.
PARIS, October 26.?The French
troops fighting between the Oise and
the Serre have made an extended ad
vance eastward, occupying numer
ous villages, according to the war
office annquncement tonight. Twen
ty-three hundred prisoners have been
captured in the operations between
Sissonne and Chateau Porcien.
Actions Gain in Violence.
WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IX
FRANCE, October "6, 2:30 p.m. (by
the Associated Press).The operations
began Thursday between the Oise
and the I'eron rivers by Gen. Deb
eney"8 army and on Friday by the
5th Army northwest of Sissonne have
gained considerably in violence and
are gradually taking on the propor
tions of a great battle.
Gen. Guillaumat's forces, attacking
from the right pocket north of Sis
sonne. of which the Mortiers-Marle
line is the axis, has continued its
advance, overcoming a series of ob
stacles quiet _AS strong as any here
tofore encountered. In the center
the village of Mortiers was captured
and Gen. Debeney's forces, attacking
from the left, reached a point two
miles east of Lucy.
Violent Infantry Fight.
The first army this morning took
800 prisoners, and fighting continued
intensely on the line of Hill 120, Hill
100, Ecery farm, the village of
Pleine-Selve, in which a violent in
fantry engagement toolc place, and
Fremont wood to the east slope ot
Hill 115. which is only about tw?
miles west of the river Peron, on a
line east of Ribemont.
Mortiers, occupied by Gen. Mangiii,
was one of the strong supporting
points of the Hunding positions
north of the Serre. The French
troops all along the battle front liava
had to face newly-strengthened po
sitions, from behind which Uprnun
artillery and machine guns are keep
ing up a heavy Are.
Gen. Guillamat's forces encountered
no less than five successive lines of
wire, behind which were the sani?
number of lines of trenches, forti
fied with concrete, and deep armor
ed shelters characteristic of the Ger
man field works.
Germans React Fiercely.
The enemy's Infantry, as well as his
artillery, reacts violently wherever
French troops make inroads into th?
German lines. Last evening the
enemy counter attacked with great
energy In the neighborhood of th?
village of Petit Caumont, endeavoring
unsuccessfully to drive Mangin's
troops beyond the Souchez. The lot It
Army maintained its positions and took
prisoners and supplies.
The German counter attack In that
region was preceded by artillery
preparation at the moment when the
French troops were advancing to tha
attack. Mortiers constituted an im
portant bridgehead north of th?
Serre. the possession of which will
facilitate further operations against
the German positions in that region.
SERB TROOPS TAKE KRALIEVO;
ITALIANS ON BULGAR BORDER
By the Aiscclated Pre?*.
LONDON, October 2S. ? Krallevo,
sixty miles east-northeast of Nlsh,
has been occupied by the Serbian
troops, says a Serbian official state
ment Issued Friday. In the same re
gion the Serbians have crossed the
Tsrnltsa river.
Italian cavalry has reached th?r Bul
garian border near Egri Falanka.
fifty miles southwest of Sofia, the
Bulgarian capital, according to re*
ports reaching here today.
ROME, October 26.?Albania: Ital
ian advance guards are in contact
with the enemy on the lower Mali.
Albanian bands have hoisted our Sag
and taken up arms for Italy against
the retreating Austrian* and are in
flicting considerable losses on LbMfc

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