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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1918, Image 1

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Rain this afternoon or tonight,
slightly cooler; tomorrow fair, cooler.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest, 76, at 2
p.m. today; lowest, 62, at 1 a.m. today.
Full report on page 14.
Vienna Is Willing and
Ready, Regardless of
Berlin's Action.
Reference Made to October 19
Note Taken ax Concession
to Subject Races.
By the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, October 28.
?Austria, in her reply to Presi
dent Wilson, accepts all the
views expressed by the Presi
dent in his note of October 19.
Austria says she is willing
and ready, without awaiting the
result of other negotiations, to
negotiate a peace and an imme
diate armistice on all Austro
Hungarian fronts.
Andrassy, Suspected of
Pro-German Tendencies,
Causes Grave Troubles
By :he Associated Press.
PARIS, October 28.?Grave troubles
have broken out at Budapest as the
result of the appointment of Count
Julius Andrassv, who is suspected of
< lermanophile tendencies, to be Aus
tro-Hungarian foreign minister, says
a. Zurich dispatch to the Matin. A
committee of workmen and soldiers
has been formed to ^represent the
extremist party-in impending events.
Lammasch. Desired Peace.
BERN, Saturday, October 26 (by the
Associated Press).?Professor Lam
masch recently was asked to form an
^Austrian cabinet and accepted on
condition that Austria-Hungary Im
mediately make a separate peace with
allies. Reports from Vienna say
that Emperor Charles declared such
'"iris was impossible, saying he
"ad given his word of honor to the
German emperor never to make a sep
arate peace.
Predicts Action by Nationalities.
I.ONDON". October 27.?It is re
ported that Count Tisza, former pre
mier. has expressed the conviction
nat the conclusion of a separate
peace between the entente and the
different nationalities in Austria
?I?sary is ?"Iy a- question of time.
The Austrian war minister, speak
ing at the .army council of the Aus
trian delegations, declared the ac
ceptance of President Wilson's four
teen points had proved Austria's
readiness to reconstruct the mon
arcny in a spirit of conciliation and!
true democracy. He urgently appealed
to the delegates to assist the army
administration in the demobilization
of the army. I
According to the latest dispatches
received from Amsterdam and Zurich!
no solution of the Hungarian cabinet
crisis has yet been reached. It is be
lieved that Count Karolyi is trying to
form a ministry, but is meeting with!
srreat opposition from the Slavs and
that dissolution of parliament is not
Held to Be Significant
in Relation to Future
of Czech and Jugo-Slav
Attention was attracted in official
circles here to the reported section of
the Austro-Hungarian note which
said: "Austria in her reply to Presi
dent Wilson accepts all the views ex- I
pressed by the President in his note I
of October 19."
Reference to the President's note of'
October 19 endows that acceptance, it
i* said. if it proves to be as report
ed. with very gTeat significance. The
President in that note emphatically j
stated that the peoples of Austria- j
Hungary, specifying particularly the j
Czeeho-Slovaks and the Jugo-Slavs.
ahaU be the judges of what action
on the part of the Austro-Hungarian
trovernment will satisfy their aspira
It has been reported in the last few
days that the Czecho-siovaks were
in complete control in Bohemia and
that the Jugo-Slavs had taken steps
to establish a free state.
Note of October 19.
The text of the President's note to
Austria-Hungary of October IS fol
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your note of the 7th in
stant. in which you transmit a commu
nication of the imperial and royal
government of Austria-Hungary to
the President. I am now instructed
by the President to request you to be
good enough through your govern
ment to convey to the imperial and
K?J*mment the following reply
Thef President deems it his duty
to say to the Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment that he cannot entertain the
present suggestions of that govern
ment because of certain events of
utmost importance which, occurring
f'nc? the delivery of his address of
the 8th of January last, have neces
sarily altered the attitude and re
sponsibility of the government of the
United States. Among the fourteen
terms of peace which the President
formulated at "that time occurred the
?X. The people* of Austria-Hun
**T. 'Whoa* place among the nations
we wish to see safeguarded and as
ru.red, shoold be accorded the freest
i Continued on second Page.j
Germany's Reply
Asks for Terms
of an Armistice
COPENHAGEN, October 57. (by
the Associated Press).?Germany's
answer to President Wilson's latest
communication says:
The German government Im
taken roxHisanrf of tke answer ?(
the Pn-Kldent of the United States.
The President In aware of the
far-reaehln* chances which have
been carried ont and are betas
carried oat in the Gtrnaa consti
tutional structure. and that peace
negotiation* are being eondneted
by a people's (government, whose
hands rests, both actually and eon
stltatlonally, the power to nuke
the deciding roneluolons.
The military powers are also
snbjeet to It.
? The Ornaa government now
awaits proposals for an armistice,
which shall be the flrst step toward
a last peace, as the Presideat has
described It la his proclamation.
(Signed) SOL.F.
| Willing, It Is Said, to Be
Hereditary President of
German Republic.
LONDON, , October 28.??m-'
perior William has no intention;
of abdicating, but is willing, if it
is for the good of the people, to
ordain that his rights shall be itf
framed, according to a statement
attributed to German court cir
cles. The emperor is said to
have remarked:
'"I will not abandon my sorely
tried people, but if necessary I
am read}' to become something
I like hereditary president of a
'German republic, like the kings
j of England, Belgium and Italy."
Sacrifice Is Hinted At.
AMSTERDAM, October 28.?Aside
from the junker organs, which pro
claim the necessity of every man com- !
ins to the front for the emperor and
the empire, many papers . apparehtly '
contemplate, without excessive ' la
ment, the prospective disappearance
of the Hohenzollern dynasty.
The emperor's abdication is again
strongly rumored to be impending.
It is noteworthy that the. Frankfort j
Gazette hints at a coming "sacrifice"
with comparative equanimity, and1
both the Berlin and Frankfort stock
exchanges showed an improved tend
ency as a result of President Wilson's
Fears are not concealed that the
entente conference at Paris will put
forward demands "incompatible with
German honor," but the anxiety to
know the exact terms of the associate
governments puts everything else in
the background.
"Anger and shame are bad coun
selors," says the Lokal Anzieger of
Berlin, which is content to leave the '
decision to the army leaders. I
It is a significant sign of the times
that Prince Charles Max Lichnow- I
skv's pamphlet, blaming the German-]
government for starting the wprld
war and .saying that Great Britain I
did everything to avert it, has been |
permitted to reappear in Germany.
Editor Harden Bitter in Criticism.
LONDON. October 28.?A Copen- |
hagen dispatch to the Exchange Tele- {
graph Company quotes Maximilian
Harden, the editor of the Die Zuknnft
of Berlin, as saying in an interview
with the Berlingske Tidende of Cop
"We started the war 'with a dirty
trick and all our subsequent victories
have been the results of dishonesty.
\ ? ? ? William II is a film hero and
Germany a vulgar cinematograph
! show. We sit today on the rulnsof
j thirty years of Hohenzollern polities."
198,900 Total Deadweight Ton* Is j
Week's Addition to Ameri
can Fleet.
Eighteen new ship*, of Jt.SflO total
deadweight tons, were added to the
| American fleet during the week ending
October 25. The deliveries announced
! today by the shipping board included
the Victorious, an 11,S0?-ton vessel
built at Alameda, Cal., and the Cape
f May. of 10,100 tons, built at Sparrows
Point, Md.
AMSTERDAM. October 17 ?A new
Ukrainian ministry has been formed
with M. IJsogub as premier, says a
dispatch from Kiev received hue.
Official German Note
Does Not Vary From
Press Report.
AO Communications Received So
Far Have Failed to Show
Action by Bandesrath.
The State Department was
advised this morning ^ by the
Swiss legation that the official
text of the German note had
been received. It was intimated
that it did not vary from the
press report.
Cabls press dispatches this morning
reported that Austria-Hungary is send
ing a note to this government accept
ing all of President Wilson's terms, and
asking for an Immediate armistice on all
fronts, regardless of negotiations in
other quarters.
In official circles here it was said
today that all questions of armistice
| must be taken up with the allied su
preme war council in Versailles. That
council, according to press dispatches,
is to begin its deliberations tomorrow.
President Wilson's attitude toward
the latest German note and the re
ported Austrian communication may
well be limited to the expression '"in
teresting, if true," it was suggested
by officials here today. In every im
: portant quarter and at every qualified
source of information the stand was
maintained that the situation now
rests with the supreme war council of
Forwarded to Allies. ?
?on to tike- any step or mike any
recommendation at this time on the
German note. He has forwarded all
the communications to the allied gov
ernments, according to official an
nouncement heretofore made. If Aus
tria-Hungary comes forward with a
proposition tantamount to uncondi
tional surrender, as the press reports
would seem to indicate fc The case, it
would still be for the allied council to
act upon it.
The-President, it is said here, would
only forward the communication when
offleially received. He might or might
not -offer suggestion as to its accept
ance, altliougn it is believed he would
go no further than to communicate it,
leaving whatever suggestion he'might
have upon the subject to be transmit
| ted through his representative in the
war council.
Several paragraphs in the latest
German note were under analysis in
government oiroles today. It was
noted that the German minister, Solf,
said: 'The President is aware of tfce
far-reaching changes which have been
carried out, and are being carried
out. in the German constitutional
This expression might, at first Mash,
seem to infer that the President had
exclusive information 'of the consti
tutional changes. It was said au
thoritatively today, however, that the
President ia not in possession of any
intimate or confidential information,
and that his knowledge of the. changes
referred to is confined to the explana
tibn of them conveyed in the official
German notes received heretofore.
Power to Negotiate.
It is noted also that Minister Solf
said that "the peace negotiations are
being conducted by a people's gov
ernment in whose hands rests, both
actually and constitutionally, the
power to make the deciding conclu
sions. The military powers are also
subject to it."
In this connection it is pointed out
that all communications thus far re
ceived have told of action by the
reichstag on the changes in govern
ment. No mention has been made
of concurrence in the reichstag's ac
tion of the bundesrath. which is su
perior to and possesses the power of
veto over the reichstag.
In a review of the German form of
government by Prof. Hazen of Colum
bia University, which has been made
a government publication and thus
officially sanctioned. Prof. Hazen says
of the bundesrath:
"The bundesrath is in reality an as
sembly of the sovereigns of Germany.
It is responsible to nothing on earth,
and its powers are very extensive. It.
is the most Important element of the
legislature, as most legislation begins
in it; its consent is necessary to all
legislation, and every law passed by
the reichstag is. after that, submitted
to it tor ratification or rejection. ItJ
is, therefore, the chief source of legis
lation. The princes of Germany have
an absolute veto upon the only popu
lar element- in the government, the
reichstag. Representing the princes of
Germany, the bundesrath is a thorough
ly monarchical institution, a bulwark
of the monarchical order. The proceed"
ings of this princely assembly are se
cret. which is one reason why we
know and hear less about it than we
do about the reichstag."
Discussion Is Academic.
However, it was said in official cir
cles today, when all is said about the
authoritativeness of the reported
changes of government, discussion is
largely academic at this time, as the
real situation now centers upon the
verdict of the supreme war council.
It is expected that this verdict as
I to the character of the ^guarantees
necessary to be given by Germany
before an armistice is obtained will
I be such as to render negligible the
consideration whether Germany is re
forming its government or not.
In other words, the German military
power wtll be required to submit to
the allies in such a way as to make
it unimportant whether the reichstag
or the bundesrath or any other body or
person later changes front. The sub
mission will be physical, of men. mu
nitions and fortifications, and not sub
ject to revision by any higher political
power iiu Germ any.
The. answer to all communications
from all the central powers still re
mains the same: "Take it up with
Starts Debate in Senate on
Control by President?Sees
Autocratic Danger.
v** *? ? -v . ;?.
A protest against any peace terms
dictated by President Wilson alone and
not representative of American public
opinion through Senate consideration
of the peace treaty was made in the
Senate today by Senator Knox of Penn
sylvania, republican, and former Sec
retary of State, in an address charging
the President with political partisan
ship. ;
Democratic senators prepared to re
ply to Senator Knox, forecasting a gen
eral discussion of peace and war, com
bined with the partisan political ques
The President's peace terms were
referred to by Senator Knox as "ideas
scattered , through" the executive's
various addresses.
"Be they wise, be they foolish," said
Senator Knox, "that is not the ques
tion. The question is. shall the con
ditions upon which the Senate and
the American neople believe they can 1
safely live at peace with Germany1
and the world be decided by the fiat 1
of one man or shall they be treated
by the unbiased, sober judgment of
the nation's representatives?
Asks if People Want Masters.
"Are the American people," Senator
Knox asked, "equal to the obligation
of democracy? Or are they merely a
complacent people, intellectually in- j
dolent, lazily accfuiescent, looking for
masters and not leaders?"
In his criticism of the President for
partisan activities Senator Knox said:
"A few days ago the country was
astounded and shocked to find the.
chief executive calling for the elec
tion of democratic senator? and rep- |
representatives, precisely in order that i
his individual authority should be un- i
trammeled by counsel. I pass by the I
unjust?not to say, outrageous?impli- I
cations of that unique document of i
partisan politics.
"When there is talk of abdication
of the kaiser," Senator Knox oontin- j
ued, "it is a peculiar moment to pro
pose that the American people should I
abdicate their right to have opinions,
or that the Senate and the House
should abdiaate their sworn and in- ;
dependent duties. I
"X ask senators whether it is the
will of the American people*or the
will of Woodrow Wilson that is to de
termine the policy of the United
States in the matter of ending this
war and of founding a future peace.
I ask them whether they propose to
be the mere registers of the will of
one man. This is the issue before us.
"The abdication of the constitu
tional duty of independent judgment
of the Senate or House spells autoc
racy. If democratic members are for
such abdication then truly the com
ing elections have for the American
people a transcendent importance."
Charges Shifting Attitude.
Durfng the war, Senator Knox de
clared, the .President has spoken with
the "greatest possible variety of ideas
and attitudes" on various questions.
In this connection the Pennsylvania
senator referred to the President's
"peaoe-without-victory" address, and
what he termed "readiness after the'
Liusitania to compromise the U-boat
barbarity In return for a half-hearted
promise ^o try to spare our ships." |
A "spirit of partisanship and
secrecy" was charged against the
present administration by Senator
Knox, who said democrats and repub
licans apparently suffered equally in
this respect, except for one conspicu
ous case he did not name. The Presi
dent. he said, has heldJitmself "aloof
in isolation" from the peopled repre
sentatives and repelled counsel.
Analysing the President's so-called
peace terms. Senator Knox said that
conceding the propriety of many, still
the principal object of the war is to
/?r : V',
NEW YORK, October' 28.?'The sink
ing- of a steamship believed to be a
Spanish vessel laden with sugar oft
the New Jersey coast last night, dis
closed when twenty-three survivors
were landed today, eleven at Barne
gat, N. J., and twelve at Forked River,
N. J., led to an investigation by of
ficials of the third naval district as
jt(j tl?e ship was torpedoed,
as reported.
The officials said they were inclined
to disaredit this report. It was Sug
gested the vessel might have struck a
mine. Persons on shore at New Jer
sey points said they heard an ex
plosion seaward at 10 p.m. The
weather was foggy last night and to
day. r
The survivors, none of whom oould
speak English, suffered from exposure
throughout the night. It was said
the vessel sank within five minutes
after the explosion.
The Navy Department was informed
today that the Spanish steam&hip Cha
taiio was sunk last night off the coast
of New Jersey, probably by striking a
mine. A boatload of survi\t>rs has
been landed.
After the House had adopted a joint
resolution providing for an adjourn
ment of Congress over the election
period and until November' 12 the
republicans of the Senate, incensed
by the recent political action of the
President in calling for the election of
a democratic Congress, served notice
on Senator Martin, democratic leader,
that they would defeat any adjourn
ment resolution. All plans for an ad
journment of Congress from today
until November 12 were throwp into
the discard.
Senator Martin said that, of course,
it would be impossible to put through
an adjournment resolution over the
protests of the republicans and that
nothing could be done until Thursday,
the next meeting day of the Hopse. In
the meantime, he said, it would be
possible to ascertain whether the re
publicans intended to maintain their
opposition to an adjournment.
- The republican senators, it was.said,
not only are taking this course be
cause they are incensed over the Presi
dent's . appeal for the election of a
democratic Congress, but also because
they are anxious to have the Senate
in session while the peace talk is
under way.
Wflen Majority Leader Kitchin of
the House was informed of the stand
taken by the republican senators he
recalled the resolution for an. ad
journment, and the House voted to
reconsider its vote on the resolution.
The House then adjourned until
Thursday. T
/ -
Attorney General Gregory set aside
all other business today to review the
report submitted by Charles E. Hughes
on the airplane production investigation.
It may take several days to go over the
bulky document, but Mr. Gregory ex
pects' to get it into President Wilson's
hands this week.
THE HAGUE, October 28.?Three
American prisoners of war have suc
ceeded in escaping from Germany into
Holland. They -are Flight Lleuts. T. E.
Tilllnghast of Westerly, R. I.; John O.
Donald at Washington, D. C.. and Rob
ert Anderson of Honolulu.
.The aviators were captured during
the period from September 3 to Sep
tember 27 and they escaped from Val
enciennes on September S7, reaching
the Dutch border after many narrow
ticajQS. ? \
Replies to Republican Con
tention That Third Para
sraph Is Siicffa PteM:
tariff should apply
President Wilson replied today to
republican contentions that the third
of his fourteen peace terms is a free
trade plank, by explaining that in de
manding the removal of economic
barriers he meant to suggest no re
striction upon internal economic poli
ties, but only that whatever tariff,
high or low, any nation might deem'
necessary, it should apply equally to
all foreign nations.
The President made the explanation
in a letter to Senator Simmons of
North Carolina, who had written him
asking for a statement "because cer
tain republican leaders are attempt
ing to make partisan use" of the nara
graph. y
"Weapons c' economic discipline
and punishment," the President wrote
"should be left to the Joint action of
all nations for the purpose of justice
and equality."
He added that to inject the bogey
= I tradf- which is not involved
.,attei"pt to divert the
mind of the nation from a broad prin
ciple of a durable peace, and that it
jf,m?2\table]'that momentous is
sues of this solemn hour should he
tn n.rH?071 ,nla? effort to bend them
to partisan service.
The President's letter.
The President's letter follows
"Dear Senator: I am glad to respond
to the question addressed to me bv
your letter of October 2?. The words
I used in my address to the Congress
of January S. 191S, *ere: The remov
al, so far as possible, of all economic
barriers and. the establishment of an
equality of trade conditions among
all the nations consenting to the peace
and . associating themselves tor its
its own internal policies anrt
? right to compound fhese
policies of hostile discriminations
oB?eJf?"? nation and another. Wean
and of J""';
w/tehd thaPtShrOUl/be ?It?w?
*h0V fundamental purpose
'?f?. trade, which is not invol^d
fiKMSPSi' "fnfer^eSS
J???? ws in .the past been untifffrt-*
(Continued cm Second Page.)
French Continue to Press Huns
Back Between Oise and
Serre Rivers.
By the Associated Press.
On the fighting front in France activity has died down greatly
except on the front of the French armies between the Oise and
the Aisne. There has been no change in Belgium and the British
on the vital sectors about Valenciennes have halted their strong
attacks for the moment.
Field Marshal Haig's men have repulsed a German attempt
to drive them from Famars, south of Valenciennes, where the
British have outflanked that town. Farther south the British
have pushed closer to Mormal forest. North of Valenciennes
towardVTournai the British have gained further ground north of
the jtaismes forest.
Gen. Debeney's first French army continues to press the Ger
mans back between the Oise and the Serre. Unofficially they are
reported in the outskirts of Guise and along the road between
Guise and the important railroad point of Marie, toward which
Gen. Mangin is advancing east of the Serre. Farther east toward
the Aisne the Germans are reported to be retiring before the
continued French pressure.
I* It?liwi Theater.
Fighting1 continues in the Italian
theater, with th% extending
their lines east <tf this Plstve In the
region of Montello, where they have
advanced more than two miles from
the river. In these operations the
British have captured more than
5,600 prisoners. Vienna, reports the
recapture of Monte Asolone, between
the Brenta and the Piave and the re
pulse of the Italian efforts elsewhere
on the mountain front.
In northern Serbia the Austro-Ger
mans have given up Kraguievatz.
fifty-five miles southeast of Belgrade.
The town formerly was the main Ser
bian arsenal and is of vital strategic
Gen. LudendorfTs retirement as first
quartermaster g-eneral of the German
from the action of the civil authortiee
in taking control of the military. It
is reported also that the ?tn4ral re
signed owing to a. oomplete disagree
ment with Chancellor Prince Maxi
There is no evidence of lowered morale
in the savage resistance of the Austrian*
before the Italian attack in the Brenta.
and Piave sectors in Italy. It would
appear that the allied forces there have
not been able to move ahead except by
dint of terrific effort and at a very slow
pace. It seems probable that the of
fensive will develop into a reconnois
sance in force instead of a real offensive.
Gen. Allenby's forces in Palestine have
occupied Aleppo and appear to have vir
tually completed the destruction of Turk
ish power in Syria. The way is now
open for a junction between the army
of Allenby and the one moving up the
28, 3 p.m. (by the Associated Press).
?American long-range guns this aft
ernoon began firing' on Longuyon.
The town of Longuyon is twenty
three miles northeast of Verdun. The
American long-range fire also is be
ing directed against the vital Voie de
Rocade on the railway line parallel
ing the fK>?t. The Germans are de
pending1 on this road to shift their
troops and supplies from one point to
British Capture 5,600.
LONDON, October 28.?British troops
in their offensive on the Austro-Ital
ian front up to last night had cap
tured more than 5.S00 prisoners, ac
cording to an official statement is
sued. today by the war office.. The
British also captured twenty-nine
guns, including six nine-inch howit
The British 10th Army today re
sumed its attack against the Austro
Hungarian positions on the Italian
front, the war office announced this
afternoon. The attack is proceeding
Turkish Communication Cut. -
LONDON, October 28, 12:lo p.m.?
The British advancing in Mesopota
mia have cut the road from Sfcer.
grhet to Mosul, one of the principal
Turkish lines of communication. Thfci
probably will force the Turks to toll
back on Mosul.
Xraguievatz in Allied Hands.
VIENNA. Sunday, October ~7, v-ia
London. October 28.?The Austro-Ger
i*ans have abandoned the town
Kraguievatz. flfty-fle miles southe4*t
of Belgrade, to the allied troops dur
ing rear guard fighting, according t#
an official statement from AustfiQr
Hungarian general headquarters. -
In Albania, it is added, there
been nothing of special importance.""
PARIS, October SS.?American units
have entered the fighting east of Re
thel and have carried out a local
operation in which they made an ad
vance of one kilometer east of Attic
ny, capturing 173 prisoners, tlio war
office announces.
The American advance was made in
the region of the forest farm, couth
of the Aisne between Attigny and
The French continue their advance
between the Oise and the Aise, es
pecially on the left bank. The war
office today reports the capture ?f
Hill 123. north of Crecy. on the Serre.'
PARIS, October 28,?Germany's
armies have begun a new retreat, this
time between the Oise and the Aisne.
Gen. Debenejr's 1st Army, In the teet^
of stubborn resistance and repeated
counter attacks, has succeeded in
swinging on its right flank so that it
faces east It has reached Guise and
the Guise-Marie road driving the
Wemy before it. ?
Gen. Debeney now is in position to
push rapidly alpng the upper Oise val
ley toward Hirson and Vervins through
a level country devoid of streams. The
first result of his progress is to force
the enemy opposing the 10th and
5th French armies, exhausted by
fruitless counter attacks to begin a
backward" movement which is event
ually bound to extend to* the front
before RetheL This will open to the
4th Army a double passage of the
Aisne and Ardennes ?anal.
? -Gen. Debeney's success was won by
sheer hard fighting. The importance
the enemy attaches to stopping this
progress up the Oise may be gathered
from the fact that the Germans yes
.itire-4- in three frc;i
which, however, were knocked out.
FRANCE October 28 (Reuter's).?Gen.
Debeney's army has won a signal vic
tory. The German forces holding the
Serre-Oise front are in retreat, and the
whole German line between Chstteu
Porcein and the Argonne is in danger
of being turned. - .
Persistent attacks by Gen. Debeney's
indefatigable infantry have brokne the
riyer line, which is the last water line
commanded by the enemy between the
present front and the Meuse.
Legislation on the tfi.34a/)00,000 war
deficiency bill was completed by the
Senate today, when the conference
report on the disagreeing votes of
the two houses was adopted without
discussion. _ ..
The bill was Immediately dispatched
to the White House for President
V.'^.--s signature.

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