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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 29, 1918, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair, continued warmer tonight and
tomorrow.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest. 81, at
2 p.m. today; lowest, 64, at 6:30 a.m.
today.
Full report on page 15k.
Closing New York Stocks, Page 19.
Member of the A?oet?*ed Pre*s fl
The IYm Is nflilri to | j
the dh for republication of ar. bfw? dispatch** i ;
creditor to It Or not otherwloa credited to tblt ;
paper lad aloe the local am pnbUohe* beiela.
AB rtftits of pahUcatioa of upeelal
dispatebot taereia an alao reoerrM.
Yesterday's Net CnndatioB, 108,748
No. 27,216.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1918-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES.
??
TWO CENTS.
District Commissioners Re
scind Closing Order Due to
< Epidemic of Influenza.
CHURCHES ARE ALLOWED
TO REOPEN THURSDAY
Schools and Movies and Other Gath
erings, Included in Order, Hay
- < Open Again Next Monday.
The District Commissioners today
Rescinded their orders closing the
churches and other places of public
featherings and amusements because
of the influenza epidemic.
It was directed that the churches
m^y be reopened ThuVsday. October
SI. thus enabling the Catholic and
Episcopal churches to celebrate All
Saints' day. one of the more important
days in the church calendar, which
falls jn Friday.
Schools and Movies, Monday. #
Theaters. motion picture houses
? ltd public and private schools will
??pen under the order. Monday. No
vember 4. Tho order also lifts the
l>an placed against public meetings
of all kinds, whieff would include
lodge meetings and other fraternal
gatherings, and public gatherings of
' ail kinds.
The order was issued shortly after
11 o'clock this morning, after a
meeting of the District Commission
ers, when a letter from Health Offi
cer Fowler, written Monday morning,
recommending to the Commissioners
t hat the ban be raised was consider
ed. The closlncr order has been in
force since October 3. when it was
issued as a safeguard against the
spread of the influenza epidemic.
Commissioners' Order.
The order of the Commissioners fol
lows:
"Ordered: That the operation of the
Commissioners' order of October 3,
1918. closing theaters, moving picture
houses and dance halls in the District
of Columbia for ^n indefinite time be
terminated on Mondav, November 4.
1918.
"That the operation of the Commis
sioners' order o-f October 4. 191s, re
questing the clergy of Washington to
omit all church services until further
action by the Commissioners, be ter- 1
xninated on Thursday, October '31 !
,191l(."
^Demand for Heopening of Churches
Immediately following the order:
?losing the churches and other places
of public gathering, those against
whom they were directed complied
promptly in the interest oT public
safet*. However, arter the churches
had been closed two weeks, effort was
made from time to time by the clergy
Und churchmen to have the ban re
moved, but without success. The last'
effort of the clergy was made Satur
day, when a delegation representing
the Ministerial Association, as well as
representatives of the Catholic clergy,
called on Health Officer Fowler, pre
senting from their viewpoint the ne
cessity of opening the churches, be
lieving. they said, that the danger of
the contagion had passed.
Dr. Fowler did not entertain the
same views as the clergy, saving that
he would not recommend to the Com
missioners that the ban on the
churches be removed. I,ater the Com
missioners sustained Health Officer
Kowler and refused to change the or
der. Yesterday a letter protesting
against the further closing of the
churches was received by the Com
sioners from Mgr. Thomas of St. I'at- ;
rick's Catholic Church, in which the
prelate expressed his doubt a? to the
authority of the Commissioners to!
close the churches.
Dr. Fowler said after the order lift- i
Jng the ban had been made public by :
the Commissioners that conditions were .
fiuch now that he felt assured by the
fall in the death rate and the reduction I
in the number of new cases of the dis
ease that it was safe to open the ;
churches this week and the opening of
the theaters, schools and other public I
Fathering places Monday.
Deaths and New Cases
of Influenza Indicate
Decrease in District
Reports of twenty-six deaths were >
Triad? to the health department at
noon today, covering the twenty-four- ?
hour period ending at that hour. This i
Js a decrease of two deaths a-s com- I
pared with the previous twenty-four
hour period, when the deaths totaled
twenty-eifcht. This small decrease is
In comformity with the expectations
of the health officials, who look for
miall decreases in the mortality list ;
for several days before the big fall- !
Jng oft is recorded.
A total of 286 new cases of influenza
*a? reported tor the twenty-four-hour
period ending at noon today. This is
en increase of 127 cases over yester
day. when the number of new cases
?as 159.
The official record of deaths to date
shows 1.433 since the epidemic started
in September,
The sum of J902 has been contrib
uted for relief of needy sufferers from [
influenza, as reported by Patrick T I
Moran. chairman of the Chamber of i
Commerce committee on influenza re- i
lief; work. Additional drug stores
tiave volunteered to supply free pre
scriptions to those unable to pay for
them.
Dr. H. S. Mustard of the United
States public health service stated
that the influenza situation in the
District was such that in a few davs
the local physicians would be able to
handle it.
A steady decrease is shown in the
number of new cafes, with the num
ber of deaths fluctuating as follows:
October 25?67? new cases; 22 j
deaths.
Oct? bet 26?426 new cases; 34
deaths. : ?
October 27?325 new cases; 26
deaths. s
October 28?2S5 new cases; 28'
deaths.
There are now 212 patients in the
emergency influenza hospital, thir
teen having been admitted in the last
iwenty-four hours. Eighteen patients
v ere dismissed from the hospital and
1 ?o died since 6 o'clock yesterday
? ?=ins. ?
No Other American Commu
nity Makes Greater War
Sacrifices in Blood or
Treasure, in Men Sent to
the Trenches or Money to
Back Them.
FAIR PLAY FOR CAPITAL
(Editorial Correspondence of The Star.)
theodobe w. notes.
The last summer has been full of bit
ter days for the people of Washing
ton; gloriously bitter in the cheerful
endurance of necessary patriotic war
sacrifices with other good Americans;
humiliatingly bitter through discrim
inating. slurring, hurtful legislation,
unnecessarily imposed or threatened,
and through the slanderous vilifica
tion of Washingtonians whicK" has ac
companied it.
rcsD?nd^Hr ;VnCr,COn commnn'?y
u J record ?ho?., more
SEffijS* T ,omP|?'?ely than
*? ,he ca" ,or patriotic
???? ?***? '? be "Wrrcd on the
"f'i "" altar, whether in blood or
trem-h.'" ,eth" ,ncn ?ent to the
InH ^ J" money to back, anxtaln
""1." them "?tU tl,e war ls
i<an ^?the^ hand no other Amer
i<an community was ever so unrip.
served! y and infamously slandered
! ?..5S?-el?" alIeS^ions of lack of
: patriotism.
Washington Clerks Wo Slackers.
j Civilian workers for the govern
ment. in peace war, constitute a
numerous, intelligent and highly
valued element of the city's popula
tion. They have long been petitioners
for en equitable increase of their sal
ary scale, which for years has been
confessedly inadequate and at a
standstill, while notable increases
have been made in all other tranches
of labor, especialfy organized labor.
1 heir distress and need have been
accentuated by war conditions and
the resulting higher and higher cost
of living. In response to their rea
sonable and respectful petition their
legislature on one occasion voted to in
crease their hours of work without in
creasing correspondingly their compen
sation.
They had been working, in addition
to a scheduled normal seven-hour dav
as much of overtime without pay in
the war service as the national neces
sities demanded.
By vote of Congress"*? nullified. how
.1 th* end, by the President's
'he normal day was compul-!
?o?+iy -increased from seven to eight'
?Jtra "vcrl,1"e pay was j
allowed. WaiihljtKton workers naked '
for bread and revived a Htonet and
k y remonMraled afcaln>?t thin
substitution they were denounred as
* slackers by the House leader of thin
campaign against them.
Washington workers were thus sub
jected in congressional intent at
least to the industrial minimum eight
hour day, without the usual indus
trial protection against overtime
labor, through an extraordinary scale
of overtime pay. They were put on
the same footing as organized-labor
elsewhere, so far as disadvantages
were concerned: and denied organized
labors counteracting benefits.
Washington departmental labor that
works overtime without pay and
patriotically without complaint, that
does not strike, or tnreaten to strike
or think of striking in war time may
not even petition for equitv or re
monstrate against gross 'injustice
without becoming "slackers," to be
Put.Jn the national pillory and to be
derided and spit upon as unpatriotic.
Undeserved Slur on Local Patri
otism.
Similarly the property owners and
landlords of the city are universally
and undeservedly slandered as unpa
triotic in the discussion of anti
profiteering legislation.
These property owners and taxpay
ers were slurred for years in the
House as underassessed and under
taxed, as mendicants subsisting unpa- :
triotically on the nation's bounty !
This slander was dissipated the mo- I
ment a fair tribunal, the joint con
gressional fiscal committee exam
ined thoroughly into the facts.
So it will be with th'e recent slan
ders upon the property owners, the
landlords and the whole community as i
rent profiteers or the accomplices of
such profiteers, sympathizing with !
and protecting them.
Rental profiteers, like food and fuel
profiteers, are a tiny fraction of the '
population, who practice extortion
upon the remainder, *ie great bulk :
of the community. Nine-tenths of I
. ashington, as of every other large'
American city, is sore all over from '
the exactions of the high cost of war |
e are 'ndignant and resent-1
ful. The profiteer, whether at the Ex
pense oT the government or the indi- *
vidual, whether he operates in muni- I
tions or ships, in food, fuel or rents in I
today's "black beast." j
Universal Slander.
Chairman Ben Johnson has extend-*
ed the stigma, stain and sJander of1
rentals profiteering, as principal or!
accomplice, from a few landlords to'
ashington landlords in general, from
the landlord class to the community in
general, and from all Washingtonians
who protest against his grossly unfair
legislative principles and methods
even to senators and representatives
who venture to propose a fairer
wiser form of fair-rents legislation
than that which he has deviled
? v?!n ?'anders senators, who can
fight back, the enormity of his offense
is at once perceived. Why is not the
offense greater when his defamation
is applied with absolute tmpnSt, to
,hr ^?Mtntlon !
tlea hand and foot and turns over
helpless to injury and Insult on the 1
part of any strong and influential na- '
tional legislator who is willing to de- i
base himself by abuse of the far- i
reaching power in respect to the I
Capital-community with which he is
intrusted by the Constitution' 1
Mr. Johnsdn denounces the pronertv i
owners and landlords of Washington '
as the most unpatriotic people in th?
whole world. He poses as p^uliarlv
the protector of the boys in th.
trenches and of the civilian war
workers.
Washington's Unsurpassed War
Becord. ?
Mr. Johnson's Washington con-1
stituency has sent more boys to the:
trenches to give their lives Rrwin the i
war than Mr. Johnson's Kentur-Vv
constituency. ' j
His National Capital constituency'
has furnished more civilian war work 1
ers than his Kentucky constituency ~!
His Washington constituency has I
put up more money to sustain the
boys in the trenches, and to win the!
war, in donations through tlie Red I
Cross and others ^Urty loaM
Appeal for Democrats Dispels
Apathy, Means Bitter Fight
for Congress.
DEMOCRATS ALSO REGRET
i Second only to the concern ovw the
I war is the interest of the public in
the unprecedented ^political situation
which has been precipitated by the
appeal of President Wilson for Uie
election of a democratic Congress
Apparently, judging from the tenor
of comment heard in various quarters
and reflected in a section of the pub
j lie press, the antagonism of one di
j vision of the public eentinfent has
; been aroused not so much by the
President's demand that he be given
| a democratic Congress, as by his in
ferential condemnation of all repub
licans in the country as being dis
loyal to the war airrls of the United
States, and therefore unfit to have
majority representation in the legis
lative councils. ,
As such interpreted wholesale con
demnation of a large section of the
population of the country because of
party affiliation does not accord with
the record of that party's action in
tho legislative branch, resentment is
[ voiced.
Expressions of regret are heard on
j every side, and are not confined to
; republicans, either, that the President
should have deemed it expedient from
I a political viewpoint absolutely to
shatter and dispel the political har
| mony which existed in Congress over
the war legislation, and which to a
degree was reflected throughout the
country. ^
Appeal Dispels Apathy.
j The two great parties were giving
; evidence of dividing along normal
political lines in the coming elections
without undue heat or partisan spirit
and indeed with what amounted al
| most to apathy. There was no ap
parent keen interest in the campaign
among the people and certainly very
: little expressed in the public press,
i It seemed that the voters would go
: to the polls, if it should be convenient,
and vote their everyday political con
I victions and for personal choice of
? candidates. In some states there was
bi-partisan agreement upon candi
! dates, one man being indorsed by both
political parties. .
I It was out of this calm political sky
i that the President's appeal came as a
(bolt from the blue. The result has
1 been an immediate sharp division of
j the people along party lines, a divi- I
sion eTTected in the greatest bitter
ness and with ho* resentment. The
republicans have been stung to action
as by a whip lash in the face, it is
i declared. Every republican of na
J tional prominence, including two for
mer occupants of the presidential
| chair, have vigorously retorted
i against the President's appeal, tak
ing violent issue with the gro-und
upon which it was based.
; And it is the ground upon which it
, was based that has caused the most
vigorous resentment?the inferential
(charge that the republican party is
less patriotic than the demecratic
Party and less likely to wage the war
to a finish or to conclude a satisfac
j tory peace. ^
Refer to One-Ma n Control.
Occasional references are heard to
i another phase of the last analysis of
| the appeal?that the President desires I
a Senate which he can control and
jt>end to his views, in the ratification j
I of a peace treaty, rather than a Sen- \
| ate wnich will express the views of
all the people. Even in that, the re
! publicans take exception to the in
ference that a republican viewpoint
would be less patriotic, less American
than the President's.
What the probable effect of the ap
peal will be on the voting is a sub
ject of wide discussion and specula
tion. Some democrats have voiced the
apprehension that the President's
action was unfortunate and will re
act to the disadvantage of the party.
Most of the republican Sentiment
seems to be that it will arouse the
republican voters from the twilight
doze of political harmony and
bring them out into the white glare
of partisan action. The republicans
had complained of having no issue
up to a week ago. They do not find
themselves lacking in that particular
now, it is declared.
R. H. ANGELL IS CHOSEN
VIRGINIA FUEL CHIEF
i Fuel Administrator Garfield today
I announced the appointment of R. H.
-mgell of Roanoke to be federal fuel
administrator for Virginia, in the
place of H. F. Byrd. Mr. Byrd has
entered the military service. Mr.
Angell is a well known banker and
business man of Roanoke and local
fuel administrator there.
AUSTRIA ABOLISHES
PRESS CENSORSHIP
BERN", Switzerland, Monday, Octo
ber 28.?The new Austrian govern
ment has abolished censorship of the
press, a report from Vienna says.
AUSTRIAN NOTE RECEIVED.
The new Auustrian note asking for
armistice and peace terms was re
ceived today at the Swedish legation
The text is said to be identical with
that cabled from Basel yesterday.
and in war taxes, than his Kentucky
constituency.
The District of Columbia challenges
comparison in all these Items ahd in
dicia of patriotic devotion and sacri
fice with the home constituency or
any member of the House of Repre
sentatives whatsoever.
There is no reflection in this com
ment and this challenge upon the
patriotic spirit, labors and devotion of
Mr. Johnson's Kentucky constituency
or of any other constituency repre
sented in the House. They are all true
American communities, and have re
sponded grandly to the call to arms
and to sacrifice of blood and treunm
upon the nation's altar.
This challenge la draljcard t* rail at
tention. sharply and vividly, to the
tart that the non-voting, narrrtrr
seated capital ronstltnrncy of each
representative ha* responded aa nobly
to the nation's rail aa hla own hone 1
coastitnency. And the earnest fcnmj
ot Washlngtonlana la that when reo
resentativea realise the truth, they
will, without exception, reader j
honor to their Washington eonatltn- '
too often been I
"IS Z. lata underrating I
aad despising. **"?
FIRST HEREDITARY PRESIDENT OF THE GERMAN REPUBLIC?
'HURRY ARMISTICE!'
FOESmiISi
"Notes" to U. S. From Ger
many, Austria and Turkey
i All Seek to End Fighting.
HUNS AIM TO SAVE ARMY
"Hurry up with that armistice'." is
the. cry of Turkey. Austria-Hungary
and Germany, according to all the
latest "notes" now in hand or in course
i of transmission. The text of the
Austrian note has been cabled and
today cam* an outUn# Turkey's
reporte'd appeal for an Ihde pendent
peace. ? 1
The two northern nations are pro
lific in promises of reform along the
lines laid down by President Wilson.
Turkey's promises were not set forth
in detail: Turkey wants peace, how
ever, the report says, and wants it
regardless of whatever obligations
j are laid upon her allies.
Austria-Hungary's professions of
| willingness to adopt changes which
i strike at the very keystone of the dual
empire's construction; Germany's mar
velous shedding of leopard's spots al
most overnight and frantic assurances
of coming democratizing, all bear wit
ness to the seeming imperative demand
of the two neighboring belligerents for
an immediate cessation of hostilities.
Huns Aim to Save Armies.
In military circles here this is con
strued to be incited by Germany's |
necessity of an armistice in* order to
enable her to move her armies, guns
and munitions back from the territory
where they are now threatened by the
allied advance to positions of better
security behind last^lines of defense.
?It is thought that the Germans are
willing to promise anything to achieve
this object, and this accounts for the
complaisance with which they are re
garding Austria-Hungary's defection
from the alliance. The one big object
of the German high command is be
lieved now to be to save their armies
from further harm and plant them
on German territory, where they can
be resuscitated and reinforced for
subsequent emergencies.
The supreme war council, now or
soon to be meeting in Versailles, is
well aware of these considerations,
which afe visualized even on this side
of the water, and there is no fear
among military men here that any of
the peace offensives of the Germans
will avail to enable them to accom
plish the desired objective. So the
German, Austrian and Turkish pro
posals of peace are i received in offi
cial circles here With equanimity,
military men and diplomats alike
resting content in the assurance that
the supreme war council of the allies
will make the terms of the armistice
such that peace negotiations of the
future can be safeguarded.
No Break in Alliance Seen.
Though the Austrian note, according
to the unofficial text, goes farther than
have any of the German peace propo- '
sals in that it asks the President to
begin immediately negotiations for
peace and an armistice without await
ing further exchange with Germany,
many officials saw practically no signs
of the expected break in the alliance
of the central powers.
In fact. It is believed that the Vi
enna and Berlin governments are
working in harmony and with a full
knowledge of the other's actions. The
belief was based largely on the fact
that the actions of Austria have not
thus far caused any visible resentment
in Berlin.
The statement of the Austrian gov
ernment that it adhered to the point
of view expressed by President Wilson
I in his last communication upon the
> rights of the peoples of the dual mon
archy. and of the Czecho-Slovaks and!
Jueo'-Slavs In particular?one of the
greatest concessions Austria-Hungary
could make ? was considered as re
flecting the chaotic conditions in the
empire. Emperor Charles, It was said,
doubtless realizes that conditions can
not long remain as they now are, and,
accordingly. Is exerting even more
I strenuous efforts than his ally to ob
tain a peace not too onerous or too
humiliating.
Absence of Guarantees Noted.
In regard to this Austrian asser
tion, it was pointed out that nothing
is said about guaranteeing the com
plete independence of those peoples.
It was thought In some quarters to
day that the President will demand
that such guarantees be offered be
fore consenting to transmit the Aus
trian proposal to the allies.
No indication had been received
early today as to when the official
~ (Continual an Second. PM?B
INDEPENDENT JIM PlEA
FOiFEACEREPHI
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, October 29.?
Turkey has independently pre
sented peace proposals to the
entente nations, according to a
report from Constantinople for
warded by the correspondent at
Copenhagen of the Exchange
Telegraph Company. The nego
tiations are expected \o end
soon, it is added.
Count Karolyi Takes Action in
Opposition to Emperor
Charles' Wish.
By (lie Associated Tress.
COPENHAGEN. OcHflier ?
Archduke Joseph ban l.xmied a
proclamation stating that Emperor
Charles hau charged him with the
tattle of securing the complete tn
?dependenee of Hunpnry, a dispatch
from Budapest soy*.
The proclamation add* that peace
will be aspired to at once and Hun
gary will Join a lea true of nations,
her Integrity and unity being the
first aim.
COPENHAGEN, October 29.?An in
dependent and anti-dynastic state has
been formed in Hungary under the
leadership of Count Michael Karolyi
in agreement with the Czechs and
south Slavonians, according to Vienna
reports received by the Politiken.
In a speech at Budapest Karolyi
declared he had presented his program
to Emperor Charles, who refused to
accept it. Karolyi thereupon put into
effect his plan for an independent
state.
Long Favored'Independence.
Count Michael Karolyi is president
of the Hungarian independent party,
and has long been an opponent of the
government party of Count Tisza. He
has been in favor of Hungarian inde
pendence and submitted a motion in
the Hungarian house of lords October
20 for the disunion of Hungary from
Austria.
In addition to being anti-German,
Count Karolyi has appealed to Austria
Hungary to make peace since Decem
ber, 1915. On several occasions he has
demanded in the Hungarian parliament
that Hungary make peace.
Last February Count Karolyi was
accused ot high treason by his cousin.
The Hungarian ministry has never/
taken actiop on the charges against
him.
Shortly before the outbreak of the
war Couul Karolyi was lecturing in the
United States. He sailed for Europe
late in July and was detained at Bor
deaux for several months, finally be
ing allowed to return home.
Not Supported by All Factions.
Diplomatic dispatches received here
today, based on advices from Buda
pest, say Count Karolyi has failed
in his attempt to establish an inde
pendent government in Hungary,
with' representatives of all the peo
ple, because the Slav and Rumanian
representatives refused to join him. j
It is assumed that the Karolyi gov- I
ernment referred to in Vienna reports
through Copenhagen was set up with
out the support of thfe- Slavs and Ru
manians.
According to the Budapest dispatch
es, the situation there is extremely
serious.
Peace treaties between the different
nationalities of Austria and Hungary I
and the entente powers are consid
ered unavoidable.
What is. reported as a "gigantic
movement" has broken out. Its na
ture is yet only partly known, but it
is aaid to be evident.that the Magyar
national council has proclaimed its
dictatorship and that Count Karolyi,
as president of this body, has. been
given the mission of making this de
cision known to Emperor Charles.
The young Magyars are forming a
military organization, and the people
in the streets -Budapest are dt- j
manding the ^pTinclation of the po
litical "with Germany
LIBERTY MOTOR IS
SENSATION OREAR
American-Made De Haviland
Airplane Playing Big
Part In War.
SOME SALIENT FIGURES
BY DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Copyright, 1918, by N. Y. Evening Pott, Inc.)
Now that all the aircraft investiga
tions have ceased and all the official and
unofficial reports have been or shortly
will have been made public, it is possible
to describe the present status of the
"American -aircraft program, not Its al
leged failures of six mojith ago, but Its
results today.
First, it may be a surprising statement
to make, but it is nevertheless supported
by an examination of records from the
western front as well as production
charts in the United States, that the
liberty jnotor and the De Haviland air
plane are the sensation of the year.
When the history of the war comes to
be written, it' will be found that the
engine and battleplane made by the
United States came in the nick of time,
and should the War be prolonged another
year the contribution from American
aircraft will rank high among our mili
tary achievements
Foolish Predictions Failed.
Early predictions which foolishly
promised tens of thousands of battle
planes have, of course, not been borne
out. All thinking about airplanes
must be considered in the light of
knowledge that on July 1 of this year
there were not more than 10,000 ma
chines of all kinds on both sides of
the western front, and the allied su
premacy in the air is now being main
tained with a proportion of that num
ber which, for military reasons, can
not be disclosed, but it is not above
10,000.
Some idei. of America's contribu
tion can be obtained when it is known 1
that the United tates has built to
date more than 27,000 airplane en
gines of all types, of which more than
11,000 were liberty motors.
More than 11,000 airplanes of all
kinds have been built, of which at
least 3,000 are battleplanes, or the
equivalent of one-third of the total
number of such types on the western
front.
What "Wasted" Money Did.
Furthermore, with the W40.000.000,
which it has been repeatedly charged
was "largely wasted," the entire pro
gram of aircraft has been carried on,
and only $456,000,000 has been spent to
date of that sum. Indeed, the re
mainder has been contracted for, and
will mean more engines and planes,
just as of a new appropriation of
*760,000,000 only $29,000,000 has been
spent and the rest obligated: but for
those sums will come in the future. If
the war is prolonged, more than 50,000
liberty motors and ever so many plane?.
Some idea of the remarkable produc
tion of America can be obtained when
it is considered that America built
more engines this year than England
built from the time she entered the
war until the end of 1917, and the same
is true of France. The United States
has built more planes this year than
England did .altogether -from 1914 to
the end of 1916.
Liberty Motor in Demand.
Liberty, motors have proved so won
derful on the western front that Eng.
land and France have ordered all that
can be produced and given them. Our
factories today are turning out lib
erty motors at the rate of 4,000 a
month. The liberty is called for be
cause of the variety of its uses. It
wias used by the British and American
naval aviators in bombing submarine
bases. It is used in the De Haviland
battleplane which helped clean the
St. Mihiel sector and drive Germans
out of the Argonne forest.
Every statement made above can be
backed up by official records, both of
the production in this country and the
performances of the liberty engine
and the De Haviland battleplane on
the western front.
Praise for John D. Ryan.
America's program was slow in get
ting started, but it was shaped right,
and the results today are a direct re
sult of the fact that John D. Ryan,
director of aircraft production, re
fused to be swerved by hostile criti
cism from carrying out the original
plans of our aircraft program, though
he added a remarkable executive abil
ity and knowledge of organization
and a painstaking study of the prob
lem himself to the situation and
brought order out of what might have
been chaos as a consequence of the
criticism. Mr Ryan's achievement is
(Continued oo Ninth Fafe.)
LASTAUSTRIAN LINE
ON PI AVE SMASHED
BY ALLIED FORCES
15,000 Prisoners Taken by
Diaz's Armies?Americans
Soon to Join Fray,
FRENCH ON WEST FRONT
RAPIDLY ENCIRCLE GUISE
By the Associated Press. ^
Allied troops maintained their progress ea-t of the Piave and
have taken more than 15,000 prisoners. The Italian, British and
French seriously threaten/the important railroad points of Coneg
liano and Oderzo and two of the three railway lines supporting
the Austro-Hungarians on the Piave front.
VVhile the allies have thrown forces across the Piave on a
front of about thirty miles, the heaviest fighting has been along a
Stretch of seven miles between CJonegliano and'Odcrzo, where the
Italians and British have advanced more than three miles, making
a formidable wedge in the Austrian positions east of the river and
between two of their main communication lines. The allies are
within two miles of both Conegliano and Oderzo. The allied ad
vance in the nortli would tend to force the Austrian? to evacuate
the lowlands of the lower Piave.
? Will Force Offensive.
Apparently the allied thrusts in the
mountain zone between the Piave and
the Brenta were feintg, for the pur
pose of attracting the attention of the
enemy from the more formidable
movement across the Piave. Troops
and supplies are being rushed to the
Pia-fe front and it is evidently pur
posed to force the offensive to the ut
most. v
On Western Front.
East of the Oise. on the French
front, the army of Gen. Debeney rap
idly is encircling Guise. On the south
they *re in the suburbs of the to-arn,
and have captured German first-line
trenches, besides enemy barracks and
a hospital. Farther south the French
are marching northeastward, between
Guise and Marie, and threaten to out
flank both points by smashing all the
way through the Hunding position.
Since the beginning *>f liis advance
between the Oife and the Sorse, Gen.
Debeney has moved forward more tin >t
five miles on a front of about sixteen
miles. Along the Serre the enemy evi
dently continues to withdraw toward
Marie, as the French war office says
French patrols are in contact with the
Germans on this sector.
Yankee Lines Shelled.
Eastward along the Aisne to the
Argonne French pressure is main
tained. German guns began to, bom
bard the American lines in ti^; Vei
dun region early Tuesday. ? .Tiie
American artillery respoAdfcd. Appar
ently the Germans hopeaTo check any
further American efort to continue
their advance Ly delugiug the Ameri
can lines witHitiigh explosives at the
hour when attacks usually me
launched.
Field Marshal Haifr reports only ar
tillery and patrol activity on the front
of his armies: In Belgium operations
%re only of a local character.
AUSTRIAN POSITIONS OVERRUN
AFTER ALLIES CROSS THE PIAVE
By the Auoeilted Press.
WITH THE ALLIED FORCES ? ON
THE PIAVE, Monday, October 28. 8
p.m.?The last lines of the Austro
Hungarian resistance on the central
positions along the Piave river were
broken today by the British, French
and Italian forces.
The Austrians were dealt a smash
ing blow. It resulted in the allies
making new advances, pushing for
ward as far as Vayolla, which was
taken by the victorious Italians not
withstanding desperate resistance.
Fifteen thousand prisoners had been
taken by the British, Italians and
French up to late today in the ad
vance across the Piave, which for the
third time in one year is the scene
of a desperate battle. This time,
however, the tables are turned against
the Austrians, who are. steadily being
pressed back from the eastern bank
Of the river.
, Austrians Desperately Resist.
The battle now has been going on
for five days and has been marked
by the desperate resistance of the
Austrians. They have directed their
artillery fire against pontoon bridges
thrown across the Piave and their
bombing airplanes also have caused
trouble for the allies. The allies not
only have had to battle against the
swift river current,^but also to con
| tend with the renewal of the pon
toons and foot bridges damaged by
the Austrians.
Once across the river the allies
t have had to overcome strong Aus
trian trench positions and machine
| gun posts.
Austrian prisoners declare that
I they know nothing of the political
J situation at home and the efforts of
their government to arraTTge an
I armistice. The Austrian army post
office is said to have stopoed the de
! livery of mail some time ago.
Allies Eager to Advance.
Although facing a heavy cannon
ade and strong machine gun fire, the
I allied troops succeeded in effecting
a crossing t>f the Piave. The British.
Italian and French soldiers are in the
best of spirits and eager to continue
the advance.
All the roads leading to the moun
tains or the Piave are crowded with
heavy masses of troops, guns and
other war material proceeding to the
front in ordarly fashion. Whenever a
staff automobile rushes by at sixty
miles an hour, it is a common jok^l
among the soldiers to exclaim:
"They are trying to beat us to
Vienna."
Official Reports Conservative.
the present battle of the Piave be
gan officially October '19, but heavy
fighting did not develop until Octo
ber 24. the anniversary of Caperotto
and the beginning of the retreat to
tlie Piave. The Italian official state
ments on the fighting have been re
served in their comments owing to
weather conditions, which threatened
a rise in the Piave.
Thanks to the fair weather of the
last two days, the river has. been left
several miles behind in the reirion
southeast of Montello. Movements
across the river in force are increas
ing steadily and in the beet order,
notwithstanding the constant shelling
from the Austrian artillery.
"We used *to say that roads led
to Rome/' said an Italian general,
speaking of the new advance, "bun
now it appears that all roads lead to
ward the land of the barbarians."
Traffic Well Organized.
Traffic lias b?en so well organized
that there has been scarcely any in
terruption. The vast network of
roads leading to the plains of the
Piave are filled with soldiers and
trucks carrying war material. When
ever a bomb or sheZl^ drops on the
roadways the debris is quickly re
moved and the road once again is free.
Gangs of Austrian prisoners rap
tured in the drive already are at work
digging: graves for the burial oi tin
dead.
King Victor at Front.
King Victor Emmanuel saw the al
lied soldiers make the difficult cross
ing of the Piave river. lie v as
dressed, as usual, in a unif>rm
of the same material as that <?< U.e
private eouiiers.
The king was under the ti'e <"<? tie
Austrian guns, and was at vanon.s
points where gas shells and shrapnel
were falling, lie spent much time near
where there was a heavy bombard
ment to prevent the allied pa:;:-a^e of
the river.
People living in the war zone nre to
night surrounding the bulletin boards.
It is evident that the offensive \a ovu -
lar, as has been warmly ue;:rc.*. ?<->?
many months, especially by t;,e ti-.ou
sands of refugees who were ?l?iv
from their homes last fall by the a
vancing Austrians.
Progress Toward Oderzo.
LONDON, Monday, October L'S
Progress toward Oderzo, on the ?
side of the Piave river, is indicated
the official statement on operations 1
British troops in the Italian offens'
issued at the war office tonight The
statement follows:
The attack of the 10th Army cor. -
tinued today, and is progressing mo. r
satisfactorily. On the right tji^ 11
Italian Corps has reached the line < "
Roncadelle, Ormelle, Tempic, Borg
Biancha and Rai.
In the center the 14th British Corp
is in touch with the Italians in ti.
neighborhood of Raj< and has rcaehf '
the line of Chonoto and Ofcamiati ami
is one kilometer south of Burgo Mi:
lanotti.
On the left the 18th Italian Corps
which deployed last night in the r.-a
of the 14th British Corps, has attackeu
in a northerly direction and is making
good l>rogr?ss.
Reports of further captures of guns
and men come from all corps.
FRENCH CLOSING IN ON GUISE;
PROGRESS ON PERON RIVER
By tbe*JiocIated Press. |
PARIS. October 29.?Gen. Debeney's
1st Army continues to close in on
Guise, and has captured German first
line trenches and the barracks and
hospital south of tfce chateau in the
town of Guise, according to the war
statement today.
South of GGise tfce Frencn nave
I passed beyond the Louvry farm. The>
also continue to make progress on t>
right bank of the Peron river.
PARIS. October 2S.?Still flirt ho,
progress has been made by the French
northwest of Guise, and they haw
moved forward to th* east of t he
Peron river beyond Pargny ?owl *he
war office announces tonight. !?'>? .
fcnaiurs have been exceedingly

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