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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 31, 1918, Image 1

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Fair tonight and tomorrow; cooler
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest, 75, at
6 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 56, at 7 a.ro.
Full report on page 25.
Yefterfaj't Met Cvcdatioa, 108,284
Turks Are Granted an Armistice
Vt the Associated Press.
PARIS, October 31.?An armistice between
the allies and Turkey was signed today at Minos,
it is officially announced.
LONDON, October 31.?The Standard says it
understands the British vice admiral at Saloniki
concluded an armistice with the Ottoman govern
ment at noon today.
?Secretary Lansing Gets Plea
for Armistice Through
Spanish Ambassador.
Br thf Associated Presi.
LONDON, October 31.?Reu
ter's agency has been informed
that Great Britain has officially
received definite peace proposals
from Turkey which are regarded
as tantamount to unconditional
LONDON, October 31, 1
p.m. (by the Associated Press).
?Turkey has agreed to an
armistice. j
LONDON, October 31, 3:15
p.m. (by the Associated Press).
?The Turkish armistice took
effect at noon today.
LONDON, October 31.?The
actual terms of Turkey's peace
proposals had not yet reached
London in the early afternoon.
Secretary Lansing today notified the
Spanish ambassador, who transmitted
the request of Turkey for President
"Wilson's intermediation in behalf of
an armistice and peace, that President
"Wilson -will bring the communication
of Turkey to the attention of the gov
ernments at war with Turkey.
Minister EkeHgren of Sweden today
delivered to Secretary Lansing the note
of Count Andrassy. new Austro-Hun
jrarian foreign minister, asking the
Secretary to intervene with President
"Wilson for favorable action on the re
quest for American and allied armistice
Deny Suppression of Note.
State Department officials repudiated
the intimations published this morning
that the department had "suppressed"
the nolo from Germany transmitted
yesterday by the Swiss charge d'af
faires. Publication of the note Js be
ing withheld for the present, it was
said, but with no intention of suppres
sion or of depriving the public of in
The reply of President Wilson to the
note of Austria-Hungary is being
prepared by tho President and will be
gi\en out shortly, it was said.
It was said at the State Depart
ment that the note of Count Andrassy
when translated from the Swedish
text in which it was couched showed
110 material difference from the press
reports of its ^contents.
Secretary Lansing's Note.
The note addressed to Ambassa
dor Kiano follows:
From the Secretary of State to the
Ambassador of Spain:
Department of State,
Washington, October 31, 1918.
I did not fail to lay before the
President the note which you ad
dressed to him on the 14th instant
and handed to me on that date.
Acting under the instructions of
your government, you inclosed
with that note the text of a com
munication received by the minis
ter for foreign affairs of Spain,
from the charge d'affaires of Tur
key at Madrid on October 12, in
which the good oifk-es of the gov
ernment of Spain were sought to
bring to the attention of the Presi
dent the request of the imperial
Ottoman government that he take
upon himself the task of the re
establishment of peace, and that he
notify all belligerent states of the
request, and invite them to dele
gate plenipotentiaries to initiate i
negotiations, the imperial Ottoman ? |
government accepting as a basis j
for the negotiation the program j
laid down by the President in his .
message to Congress of January 8, ]
1918. and in his subsequent declara- .*
tions, especially his speech of Sep- :
tember 27. It is further requested ;
by the imperial Ottoman govern- i
nient that steps be taken for th% !
immediate conclusion of a general I
armistice on land, on sea and in |
the air. I
By direction of the President I
have the honor to inform your ex
cellency that the government of the
United States will bring the com
munication of the Turkish charge
d affaires to the knowledge of the
governments at war with Turkey.
Accept. Excellency, the renewed
assurances of my highest consid
His Excellency, Senor Don Juan
Riajio y Gayangos, Ambassador
?f Spain.
So News of Armistice.
Tn-official circles today it was said
- -that no Information had r?ach?4
tCcptinued om Second Pagel
Preliminary Conversations in
Paris Have Been
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, October 31.?The prelim
inary conversations which lately have
occupied the allied representatives in
Paris have been concluded and more
important discussions now are begin
ning, according to reports reaching
official quarters here.
To take part in the discussions An
drew Bonar Law, chancellor of the
I exchequer, went to France yesterday,
j crossing the channel in an airplane,
| as he had done, on a previous occa
The scope of the deliberations of
j the allied representatives has not
I been announced and, although it is
stated from a reliable source, some
I official declaration of armistice terms
| possibly may be made before the end
I of the present week, nothing definite
ly is known about them.
Some commentators believe thaat.
the deliberations will be protracted
beyond the time originally intended.
Unofficial reports and speculations:
' on the armistice terms continue to j
| occupy a prominent place in the j
Foch's Terms Beach Berlin.
LONDOX, 'October 31. ? Marshal
Foch's armistice terms arrived in
Berlin Tuesday night, the Vossische
Zeltung of Berlin says it learns, ac
cording to an Exchange Telegraph
dispatch from Copenhagen.
Xo information had reached Wash
ington today through either official or
diplomatic channels to Indicate that
the American and allied military |
representatives in France had com
pleted the work of framing- terms
upon which Germany might be
granted an armistice." It was as
sumed that the report of the arrival
of Marshal Foch's terms at Berlin
Tuesday, referred to in a Copenhagen
dispatch quoting the Berlin Vossische
Zeitung, was based upon press dis- j
patches of Tuesday from London I
purporting to outline what would be
demanded of Germany.
To Secure Guarantees.
Suggestions put forward by the
British delegates, the Daily Express
says in an editorial, probably will be
adopted with some modifications by
the rest of the allies. The proposals
were put forward, it adds, with the ]
definite idea of preventing Germany |
from resuming hostilities when once
an armistice is granted and also of
securing adequate guarantees for the
signing of a peace treaty based on
President Wilson's fourteen points.
Armistice Terms Suggested.
PARIS, October |!1.?In an editorial
discussing armistice terms, L'lnfor
mation suggests the following condi
"Internationalization of the Bos
i porus and the Dardanelles.
I "The occupation of enemy ports on
fehe Adriatic.
"The surrender of Austrian war
"The right to use Austro-Hungarlan
railway lines.
"The evacuation of1 Alsace-Lorraine
and territories wrongly occupied In
the east and west.
"The surrender of arms, munitions i
and submarines.
"The occupation of fortresses and
bridges along the Rhine and of Lux
embourg and Essen.
| i"The occupatoin of Kiel and Ham
"The removal of mines from terri
torial waters. \
_ "The delivery, as a preliminary com
pensation for damages, of part of
the enemy merchant marine. ,
"The cessation of manufacturing
for war purposes."
Would Seize Enemy Fleets.
Georges Boussenot. a member of the
naval committee of the chamber of
deputies, writing on the same subject
in" the Journal, proposes the seizure of
the enemy fleet by the entente, the
delivery of enemy submarines dis
armed to neutral countries or the en
tente, the occupation of Cuxhaven,
Helgoland, Pola and Cattaro, and the
replacement of lost tonnage by enemy
PARIS, October 30. 6 p.m. (by the
Associated Press).?The heads of the
allied governments and Col. E. M.
Houses special representative of the
United States-government, with the
military and naval advisers of the
respective oountries, continued their
informal meetings today. ,
^ Differences of view, natural to the
Immensity of the Interests involved,
have arisen, but under friendly exami
nation they have largely disappeared.
Although some points In President
Wilson's declarations may require more
complete definition, an entire agree
ment Is in immediate prospect.
The supreme war council will not
meet formally until this full under
standing has been reached.
LONDON. October 31.?Sanguinary
fighting is going on at Agram, the
capital of Croatia-Slavonia, according
to a private message received at Am
sterdam and forwarded here by the
Central News Agency correspondent.
Some of the soldiers at Agram did not
join the revolutionaries
Roosevelt and Taft in Joint
Appeal for Republican Ma
jority in Congress.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YOEK, October 31.?Theodore
Roosevelt and William H. Taft issued
here today a joint appeal for election
of a republican majority in Gsiigress.
The statement was said to be the first
ever composed* and signed by two
former Presidents of the United States.
Seated at a table In the Union
League Club they prepared the state
ment and discussed old times at the
capital -while it was being typed. The
appeal follows:
Deplore Party Politics.
"We approach this subject as Amer
icans, and otily as Americans, When
this war broke out we would have
welcomed action by the President
which would have eliminated all ques
tions of party politics. It would have
enabled us all to stand behind him to
the end, without regard to anything
except national considerations. In
stead of this, partisan lines have been
strictly drawn from theNirst, and now
the President announces that only
democrats can be intrusted with fu
ture power and only those democrats
who do his will. Because of this re
flection on other patriotic Americans,
we appeal for fair play.
"The next Congress will serve from
March 4, 1919, to March 4, 1921. In
that period:
"First, the war must be fought to
unconditional surrender, unless this is
achieved before.
"Second, the terms of worfd peace
must be settled.
"Third, the democratic administra
tion, after expending billions of treas
ure and exercising more absolute
power than any administration in our
history, must give an account of its
i "Fourth, the change from war con
ditions to peace must be brought
about with the least disturbance and
the work of reconstruction must be
broadly begun.
Tell of Qualifications.
"A republican Congress will be much
better qualified than one controlled
by democrats to aid the country in
adopting the measures needed for
these four great tasks:
"First, even as a minority paHy the
republicans made the winning of the
war possible by passing the original
draft bjll. Without this we could not
have trained and landed the two mil
lions of men now in France. As a
minority party the republicans forced
upon a reluctant President and Secre
tary of War, after an injurious delay
of four months, the amended draft
act, without which we could not put
two more millions at the front next
July. The Speaker, the leader and the
chairman of the military committee of
the democratic House opposed the
original draft with all the vigor possi
ble. It was saved, and so our coun
try's cause was saved by the repub
lican minority.
"Second, the new Senate must ap
prove, by two-thirds vote, the terms
! of peace. Those terms should be set
tled not by one man only. It is one
man control we are fighting in this
war to suppress. If the peace treaty
is to be useful in the future it must
bo approved by the great body of
the American people. The President
has indicated a willingness to make
a peace by negotiation. He hds not
demanded, as he might have done ia
three lines, that which the American
people demand, an unconditional sur
render. His exchange of notes with
Germany has caused a deep concern
among our people lest he may by his
parleying with her concede her a
peace around a council table instead
of a sentence from a court The
fourteen points which the President
and Germany assume that they have
already agreed upon are so general
and vague that such a peace would
be no treaty at all. but only a protocol
to an interminable discussion. The
President is without final power to
i bind the United States to those four
teen points, although his language
does not suggest it. Still less has
he power to bind our noble allies.
We do not know that these points
include all that our allies may justly
demand, or do not concede something
they may justly withhold. For what
they^have done for us we owe our
allies the highest good faith. It is
of capital Importance", therefore, that
we should now elect a Senate which
shall be independent enough to in
terpret and enforce the will of the
American people In the matter of this
world peace, and not merely submit
to the uncontrolled will of Mr. Wilson.
House Must Be Considered.
I "Nor can the attitude of the House
iof Representatives be Ignored In this
i peace. Every affirmative obligation
! binding the United States in that
treaty must be performed by the
i House as part of the Congress. The
I present democratic majority in the
?House has been subservient to the
I will of the President in every respect
I except when critical issues in the
conduct of the war have been in
Ivolved. The President has not hesi
itated publicly to discipline those of
[his party who have disagreed with
I him and the lesson has had its effect.
A new democratic Congress, with its
old leaders thus chastened, will offer
no opposition to his wilL They will
not be consulted in the future more
than in the past. In a democratic
Congress the American people- will
not have the service of an independ
ent, courageous, co-ordinate branch
of the government to moderate his
uncontrolled will. It is not safe to
intrust to one man such unlimited
power. It is not in accord with the
traditions of the republic.
. ."Third, the republicans voted with
out objection billions to be expended
by this administration. Six hundred
and forty tnillions for aviation were
given to the executive to build aero
planes, without a single limitation as
to the manner or method of its ex
penditure. A Senate committee >???
deplored the waste and failure in the
use of that money. The debts which
have been created by this war the
people will be paying to the third and
fourth generation. They have a right j
to know how these enormous sums
- ^Continued on Kiith Page..) J
President Considers Effect of
Election on Allies as Well/
as Teuton.
(Copyright, 1918. by N. T. Evening Poit, Inc.)
The relationship between the confer
ence of premiers, diplomats and mili
tary leaders of the allied powers in
Pari?, determining the next move
toward peace, and the plea of Presi
dent Wilson for a united America and
a vote of confidence is something on
which I am permitted today to shed
some light.
The President asked for a vote of
confidence in order that the result of
the elections might not be misinter
preted ' abroad;_:His opponents have
endeavored to refute that by saying
Germany could not be heartened by a
republican victory. But outside of the
weakening effect of divided counsels,
which the President himself predicts
would ensue so\far as prosecution of
the war against Germany is con
cerned, the most important misinter
pretation which friends of Mr. Wilson
fear Is the effect In Great Britain,
Frajice and Italy, where hitherto the
prestige of the President has been
great, because it was presumed he
spoke for a united America.
Disagreements on Peace Points.
An Associated Press dispatch from
Paris today tells of the "difference
of opinion that have arisen" in the
conferences between Col. House and
the heads of the allied governments.
It tells of disagreements on the four
teen points of peace which the Presi
dent has formally (aid before the al
lies. The dissent wtU grow strong
or weak, according as the represent
atives of America are believed tor-be
voicing American public opinion.
Col. Roosevelt and Senator Henry
Cabot Lodge, the republican leader,
have openly assailed the fourteen
points in the midst of a vigorous par
tisan fight for control of the. Ameri
can Congress. If Col. Roosevelt and
Senator Lodge win at the polls
through the election of a republican
Congress the fourteen points which
have been thus far the action of the
United States government, may, it is
feared, lose much of their strength.
In other words, the President is anx
ious for a vote of confidence, so that
the word of American representatives
at the Parie conference may be as po
tent as it was before the republican
leaders assailed the fourteen itolnts.
President's Prestige Abroad.
Whatever the republican leaders
may have said on domestic Questions
in support of their desire for a repub
lican Congress, those charged with
the responsibility of conducting Amer
ica's foreign affairs in these critical
moments feel that already Incalculably
damage has been done to the pmtlgit
of the President abroad by the oppo
sition of such prominent leader* u
Col. Roosevelt. William H. Taft and
Senator Lodge. In other words, the
President is more anxious now than
ever that the country shall say
whether it wants his leadership qf the
leadership of the republicans a? al
ready revealed by their attitude on
the fourteen points.
Mr. Wilson considers that the four
teen points are, of course, general
principles and their practical applica
tion is a matter for conference among
the allies, but the vehement repudia
tion at this time of some of the prln-1
cipal bases o fan enduring peace Is
considered by our government officials
to be most regrettable.
Allied People Involved.
i When the President said that Euro
pean peoples understand the signifi
cance of elections he was referring
as much to the peoples of thsaUtod
countries as to Germany. The masses
in Great Britain and France hold the
President in high esteem. Some of
the American editors who have just
i (.Continued on Thirteenth Page.)
: i,'
Blames Senate for Failure to
Provide Anti-Profiteering
Rent profiteering In the District of
Columbia a grain wps discussed in the
House today. Leaders on both sides
of the chamber said it was a shame
that conditions could not be checked
which are making a hardship for
thousands of residents of Washington.
The House was absolved from all
blame in not having passed anti
profiteering rent legislation. The Sen
ate was held culpable, first for refus
ing to pass anti-profiteering rent leg
islation in the usual way as a sepa
rate and distinct law. Second, for
attempting to dictate to the House on
the appointment of its conferees afer
the Senate had put the profiteering
rider as an amendment on entirely
different legislation.
The discussion started when Rep
resentative Byrns of Tennessee called
up the joint resolution to continue
during November appropriations for
support of the Department of Agri
culture. This resolution was adopted
without objection.
Sees Need for Hasty Action.
Representative Anderson of Minne
sota, a member of the agriculture
committee, said he has previously ob
jected because he believed there
should be no further delay in the
passage of an adequate act to check
rent profiteering. He said It was his
aim to compel the conferees to, come
to some agreement on. this amend
ment if possible. As there is no
[quorum present in Washington, it is
not now possible to compel action by
the conferees.
He said the conferees are not far in
taking advantage of the lack of
quorum, however, and nothing is to
be gained now, he said, by depriving
the Department of Agriculture of
furids, and therefore he felt that fur
ther objection would be unavailing.
Representative Mpndell of Wyoming,
also a republican, again recalled that
the Senate had loaded the food-stim
ulation bill with new legislation. The
! House conferees, he felt, were en
tirely within their rights in insisting
that this new legislation should be
taken off the bill.
It is regrettable, he said, that a
situation exists where It Is Impossi
ble to get the House and Senate to
agree upon relief against an intol
erable condition. He maintained that
the attitude of the House conferees
had been entirely correct.
Chairman Lever for Firm Stand.
Chairman Lever of the appropria
tions committee again insisted that
the House had to maintain a firm
stand in order to preserve the right
to legislate without dictation from the
Representative Hondell said the way
is open to adjust the matter by the
regular legislative proceeding with
out having rent profiteering legisla
tion attached to any other measure.
The Senate seems unwilling, he said,
to co-operate in this.
Representative Lever emphasized
the fact that it is invariably the ques
tion with ungermane matter at
tached to a bill when It reaches a
deadlock between the two Houses that
the offending body should recede.
Representative Moridell called atten
tion to,three important.pieces of leg
islation which are tied up in this one
measure. Food stimulation, anti-rent
profiteering legislation and war-time
prohibition. He charged that certain
interests outside of the House have
been blocking this measure on account
of the prohibition amendment.
Attorney General Gregory, today an
nounced that Charles E. Hughes' re
port on aircraft production, which he
had tost transmitted to President
Wilson, would be given out tonight
(or publication in the newspapers to
morrow morning
Every Slav a Willing Slave of j
President, Montenegro
Envoy Says.
Every 81st win be the willing: slave
of President Wilson, Gen. A. Gvosde
novitch, the newly appointed envoy
extraordinary and minister plenipo
tentiary to the United States from
Montenegro, said today. The minister
declared that the United States by in
sisting upon the policy of self-deter
mination by all peoples, large or
?mall, would weld together in one |
state twenty millions of Serbs, who
for more than five hundred years had
been oppressed by the Austrian and
the Magyar.
"But now is the most critical period
in the history of the war," said the
minister. "Germany has been beaten,
but what she can't obtain by arms she
may attempt by subtle diplomacy, by
subterfuge and fraud. Depend upon
it that she will not submit to the only
terms which will be required of her
until convinced that if .she doesn't
surrender now the conditions will be
made more exacting In the future.
Has Faith in Allies.
"I am not afraid, however, that the
allies, especially the United States,
will permit themselves to be farther
duped by so srross an enemy."
The general, who was A. D. C. to
King Nicholas, said that with Jugo-Slavia
to the south and Czecho-Slavia to the
north, both the creations of President
Wilson, Austria would be caught be
tween two mighty pincers and her
power for mischief would be forever
gone. He said King Nicholas was
wholly Indifferent as to whether the
form of government for Jugo-Slavia
Bhould be a constitutional monarchy
or a republic. The king was loy
ally and patriotically willing to ac
cept whatever the various divisions of
the Serb people decree. ;
Montenegro "Set on a Hill."
Montenegro Is a country set on a
hill, and it is a tradition among her
citixens that ffs light will never be
hid. It might be dimmed for a time,
but will never be completely extin
guished. It is called by Tennyson the
"Eagle's nest of Europe." In Eng
lish the little country is ealled "Black
Mountain." It is a tiny country with
a population approximately the same
as the present population of'the Dis
trict of Columbia; nevertheless. Mon
tenegro has played an Important part
in the political history of Europe.
King Nicholas is father-in-law to
Victor Emmanuel of Italy and
Peter of Serbia. The new minister
energetically repelled an assertion in
some quarters that the king played
into Austria's hands by prematurely
surrendering. He declared that Mon
tenegro was surrounded at every
point of the compass, Serbia was in
full retreat and if they had waited
three days longer during the dark
hours of 1915 the entire government
and army of the kingdom would have
been captured.
Takes Bap at Critics.
"It would be bette) for some per
sons to go to the .front and do some
fighting than to spend their time
criticising a faithful ally of the gov
ernments fighting Germany,'* said
Gen. Gvosdenovitch. . "The king left
Montenegro on the advice and with
the approval of the government. I
was there and know all the circum
People Must Decide.
"There 1s only one condition of
'union upon which Montenegrins
will insist, and that Is that t^e peo
ple themselves determine the matter,"
said the minister. "It will npt be de
termined for them by the kings or the
government. In this matter all
Serbs agree and it is quite in accord
with President Wilson's principles.
I Jugo-Slavia Will be self-governing
1 and the people themselves will ^pay
whether a permanent president, with
the title of king or emperor, shall be
appointed, or whether a system fash
ioned after the plan-of government in
this country shall be adopted.
"In aijy event Pre?id?nt.Wilson has
2t.000.000 willing slaves in BliaMW."
s ?"
Allies Everywhere Press On.
Foe Losses Are Appalling.
40,000 Prisoners Taken.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, October 31.?The Austrian com
mander on the Italian front has applied to Gen.
Diaz, the Italian commander-in-chief, for an
armistice, the Exchange Telegraph Company
The application, the news agency adds, has
been forwarded to the Versailles conference.
LONDON, October 31.?Ismail Hakki, com
manding the Turkish armies of the group operat
ing in the Tigris region in Mesopotamia, has sur
rendered with one entire division and the best
part of two other divisions, the Evening Standard
Fifteen Austrian divisions operating between the Brenta and
the Piave, on' the Italian front, have had their retreat cut off
through the capture of the mountain pass of Vadal by Italian and
allied troops.
Official wireless dispatches from .Rome today say the advantage
is being pressed to the utmost and that a crisis is near. Enemy
losses are described as appalling.
In all, more than 1,000 square kilometers of Italian territory
were reconquered yesterday, and apparently the whole front is
being driven northward. The dispatches flatly deny the Austrian
claim that territory across the Piave is being evacuated volun
The 3d' Italian army on the lower Piave is reported advancing
steadily in the face of desperate enemy resistance.
Occupation of the valley of Quero by the Italian army corps
operating north of Valdossiadene threatens Feltre and exposes
the Austrians in the Grappa region to a flanking movement which
it is said will compel immediate retirement.
By Ttjp Associated Press.
Disaster threatens the Austro-Hun
garian armies grom the Stelvio to
the Adriatic as they retreat from
Italian territory- All the Itklian
armies now have entered the great
offensive against the Austrians and
the allied troops are advancing
rapidly along the entire front from
Lake Garda to the Adriatic.
Fighting activity on the western
front remains at a virtual standstill.
There have been only isolated actions
at several points.
Shattered by the irresistible ad
vance of the Italians, British and
French across the Piave, the Aus
trians are fleeing rapidly across the
plains of eastern Venteia toward the
line of Isonzo, from which they ad
vanced one year ago. American
troops are participating in the ad
vance of the Italian 10th army,
which already has reached the out
skirts of Sacile, flfteen miles east of
the Piave. The> total of Austrian
prisoners is approaching 40,000.
Apparently the Austrian foroM
which were along the Piave will
have great difficulty in reaching the
hills east of the Isonzo.
They have been separated from the
armies in the mountains west of the
Piave and the allies already threaten
their rear from the region of Vittorio.
Along the lower Piave the Italian
third army has crossed the river and
taken up the pursuit. In the center
the Italians have taken Oderzo, while
further north they have advanced be
yond Vittorio, in the direction of jlol
In retreating across the plains,
over the fifty-live miles between the
Piave and the Isonzo, the Austrian*
rush backward as through a narrow
hallway, walled in on the north bjr
the carnic Alps and on the south fef
the Adriatic. From the manner H?
which the allies have driven in their
wedge east of the Piave it apparently
is the intention to outflank the Aw
trians on the north, in the foothills
of the Alps, and crush them from botfc
the north and the west.
By the Associated Pr*
LONDON, October 31.?The entire
Italian front is ablaze, a Central News
dispatch from Rome says. All the
Italian armies now are in action.
British forces fighting east of the
Piave have reached the Livenza river
at Francenigo and the Italians have
occupied Oderxo. according to an of
ficial statement on operations in Italy
issued at the w*f office today.
British troops have entered Aaiago,
according to another report from the
British war office covering the opera
tions early Wednesday.
The statement also reports contin
ued progress by the 3d. 10th, 8th
12th armies along the Piave.
From the Stelvio Pass to the Adri
atic the Italian front Js more than 119
miles in length, running south to west
of Lake Garda, thence east aeroM
the Brenta and Piave to the apex at
the new allied wedge near SacHe,
where it turns south and west to the
The active Italian front has been
considered generally as being betweta
Lake Garda and the Adriatic, a front
of about 120 miles. The Piave line, on
which the allied troops now are ad
vancing, is about sixty miles from tha
Piave east of Monte Grappa to the
mouth of the river northeast of Venice.
By the Associated Pnn.
THE PIAVE, October 30.?Allied troopa
have taken Monte Ciaon. This was a
most Important operation, for by It the
roads were opened to Feltre and Vit
Both these cities were Austrian bases.
The capture of Monte Cison also divides
the Austrian army, forcing the troops
to the north to follow a long, slow
line of retreat through the mountains of
Trentino. The gCneral line of retreat,
where the largest number of troops could
be moved, would be along the roads Ml
railways toward Belluno and over tha
plains toward Udlne.
American troops under Maj. Gen.
Charles G. Treat have crossed the
Piave river. The 3d Army has estab
lished three bridgeheads on the lower
Piave. -
The American troops on this front
are operating with the 10th Army,
composed of British, Italians and
Americans, under Lieut. Gen. the Earl
of Cavan. This was the first army U
begin operations by establishing X
bridgehead across the Piave river at.
the Island of Grave di Papadopolo.
crossing of the Danube, according to
an official statement tonight from
Austro - Hungarian headquarters.
Elsewhere in Serbia the Austrian
withdrawal continues.
ZURICH, Wednesday. October 30.
11?? iiaid advance of thi

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