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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 03, 1918, Image 2

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the Scheldt river u far north as
Fecke, seven miles aoath-southwest
of Ghent.
Yankees in Bittet light.'
FLANDERS, November 2 (by the As
sociated Press).?The fighting which
one American detachment encountered
yesterday at Sp^taalsbosechen wood,
southeast of Waereghem. in Belgium,
?was probably the hardest it has ex
perienced in the months it has been
In France.
This unit of westerners had come
from a section of the line where It
liad seen some bitter engagements, but
the major who was leading a battalion
which was outflanking the wood on
the north, and who was wounded, told
the Associated Press that the early
stages of the battle yesterday were
heavier than anything his men had
been through.
Net of Entanglements.
This forest, which covers a consid
erable tract, was literally a network
of barbed-wire entanglements, among
which there were great numbers of
machine gun nests dominating the
American line in front of it.
The Germans evidently had been ex
pecting an attack, for as soon as the
drive began many of the little houses
along the line sprang Into flames, set
by the boche. and the whole district
was lighted brilliantly.
The attack was begun in the dark
est hour before dawn, and by firing
these homesteads the Germans threw
the advancing troons out in bold relief, i
Which enabled th^machine gunners
to operate freely. At the same time
the German artillery put down a ter-|
rifle barrage, which continned for j
hours. Straight through this blase
of light the Yankees charged and be
gan the work of clearing out the ma
chine gun nests. No direct frontal
attack was made on the wood, but an
outflanking operation was started on
either side.
Into the advancing forces rapid flrers
poured a vicious flro from concealed
positions in the woods. Every farm
house and haystack along the way?
and there were many?contained its
machine gun which was chattering mad
ly. of these had to be surround
ed and subdued In turn as tho Amer
icans moved forward.
Few Civilians Leave.
Very few civilians had left this dis
trict. The farmers and their families
were still living in houses which the
Germans had seized for machine gun
posts, and while the graycoats were
sending streams of bullets from the
upper windows, and loopholes In the
lefts the people were down below in
terror waiting for they knew not what.
Every precaution was taken by the
Americans to spare these unfortunate
people. The houses were surrounded
and the Germans taken prisoner or
ki Hod
The wood was taken after several
hours of fierce fighting and all the
Germans cleaned out. As the day pro
gressed the going became easier, but
this American division will njver for
get the first hour of that battle.
By the Associated Prrss.
PARIS, November 2.?Unperturbed
by armistice proceeding', capitulations,
and revolutions. Marshal Foch, the
allied commander-in-chief, is going
ahead deliberately and methodically
"with the carrying out of his military
plans. Thus, yesterday witnessed a
Beries of stunning blows dealt by him
on the western front in the course of
this procedure.
Notable in the concrete develop
ment of the marshal's program was
the resumption of the drive by Gen.
Oouraud, with his French forces, and
Gen. Liggett, with the American 1st
Army, between the Aisne and the
After preparing- the ground by a
number of local actions the offensive
was begun on a ten-mile front on
either side of Vouziers and excellent
progress was effected in the difficult
country, hilly and wooded and inter
sected by innumerable streamlets.
Between Grandpre and the Meuse
the Americans pushed ahead two and
a half miles. On the other wing Gen.
Gouraud reached the approaches to
the Ardennes canal between Attigny
and L#e Chesne, tending to outflank
Rethel from the east, while the French
! 5th Army began to outflank it to the
northwest of Chateau-Porcien.
i This success, together with the ad
; vance of the Flanders armies along
' the Scheldt, involving the capture of
several bridgeheads and sealing the
; fate of Valenciennes* adds consider
! ably to the dangerous situation tor
the enemy along the whole of the
I great front.
Cablegram to The Sandny Star and
Chicago Daily Vews. Copyright, 1918.
THE FRONT, November 2.?The tired
German armies are prepared to retreat.
Since the beginning of the allied offen
sive September 26 the Germans have
used 14S divisions, of which sixty have
been engaged twice and five three times.
The German reserves are insufficient to
meet the disposition of the allied
troops. In preparation for the re
?reat the Germans are removing all
the heavy artillery back of the lines;
depending upon high velocity and
long-range projectiles to support the
Infantry in the rearguard actions.
The enemy is destroying all the
bridges not needed for the removal
of heavy material, and is also building
many bridges to facilitate the retreat.
Canal locks are being blown up daily,
and likewise railroad bridges, cross
ings, switches and power plants.
Munition dumps, wherever possible,
are being removed and aerodromes are
being dismantled. The German heavy
artillery fire has already slackened con
siderably since the guns have been
taken across the rivers and the flooded
areas like'that of the Escaut (Scheldt).
The latter is flooded from Espierre to
Gu-rmignles. The Germans expect to
retire to Ghent and then to Ant
werp. The first halt will be along
the line Renaix to Leuze and further
south along the "Dindere" line from
Termonde to Lessines, Ath, Mons, Mau
beuge, and perhaps later from Antwerp
to Namur.
Evidently the German object is to
shorten the line and conserve the di
visions, which are decimated and ex
hausted by long and hard fighting. It
is certain that Marshal Foch does not
intend to allow the Germans to rest,
despite the coming of winter, with its
rains and mud.
November 2 (morning)-?The 1st
Army continued its attack west of the
Meuse this morning. The operation is
progressing favorably.
November 2. ? Determined local
fighting continued throughout the.
day on the battle front south and east
of Valenciennes. We made good
progress northeast of Maresches and .
east and north of Preseau, capturing ;
the hamlet of St. Hubert and the,
farms in tha* vicinity. t
Kast of Valenciennes we hold the
village of Marly and our advanced de- j
tachments have entered St. Saulve. j
In this operation we captured two
tanks which had been used by the
enemy in unsuccessful counter attacks
yesterday and took several hundred ,
prisoners. _ (
A successful minor operation took
place his morning west of Landrecies;}
we advanced our line and took a num
ber of prisoners.
November 2 ?Vigorous attacks yes
terdav and this morning by the 4th:
Army"on the Aisne front, in connection
?with"the victorious effort of the Amer
icans between the Argonne and Meuse.
have compelled the enemy to beat a
retreat a.-ross the Argonne forest. Our
troops, smashing the enemy rear
guards, who by stubborn resistance
attempted to check our advance, made
Important progress along the whole
front of the attack.
On the left we have taken Semuy
and carried our lines as far as the
south bank of the Ardennes canal,
which we have reached on a front of
two kilometers, from Semuy to Neu
Farther south we have reached the
outskirts of Les Alleux, Quatre
Champs and I -a Croix-aux-Bois, al ter
bavins? captured Bois Vandy and the
village of Ballav. despite the enemy
resistance, which was particularly
violent on the aUpux plateau and the
Croix-aux-Bois defile.
On the right Longwe and Primat
fell into our hands. North of the lat- I
ter place our troops, pushing beyond
Chene Pate, continued, despite the
serious obstacle of the Argonne for
est, vigorously to pursue the enemy,
who withdrew, abandoning consider
able material.
German counter attacks, especially
hi the region of Semuy. were repulsed
and enabled us to add several hundred
to the number of our prisoners.
November 2?Kast of the Brenta the
pursuit continues. On the Aslago
plateau the enemy is resisting to give
time for the masses in the .rear to re
tire. but the troops of the' 6th Army
have crossed, by force of arms, the
pass between Rotzo and Roana. carry
ing. in a bitter struggle, Monte Cimone
and Monte Lisser, and are advancing
in the valley of the Nos.
The 4th Army ..h?S,x occupied the
heights north of the Hollow of Fon
maso and has pushed forward columns
into the Sugana valley. The old fron
tier was passed yesterday evening. Al
pine groujis. having crossed the Piave
?with improvised means in the neigh
borhood of Busche, have spread out j
in the area between Feltre and San
Ouistina. Italian troops, who yester- j
day won in heavy fighting at the j
Passo di Boldo, the hollow of Fadalto,
are going up the Cordevole valley.
They have passed beyond Ponte Nelle
Alpl and are marching toward Longa
On the plain aa Italian cavalry di
vision under the Count of Turin, hav
ing overcome the stubborn resistance
?f the enemy at Castello d'Aviano,
Roveredo in Piano, San Martino and
San Qulrino. occupied Pordenone and
passed the Cellina-Meduna.
Our own and allied aviators are
complete masters of the air and con
tinue without pause their daring ao
tivltlea An Italian airship bombard
ed the railway station in the Sugana
valley at night.
It is not possible to calculate the
number of guns abandoned on tha
lines of battle now distant from the
?gtating fronts and on the roada
Mom than 1,600 have been counted.
Mora than 80,000 prisoners have been
counted. Our soldiers have liberated
?wiral thou?ad ytlmm (ma cap
November 2.?Renewed attacks by
the British south of Valenciennes and
bT the Americans west of the Meuse
brought the enemy only local gains
of territory.
November 2.?South of Deynze we
have withdrawn ourselves from
further enemy attacks by retiring be
hind the Scheldt The movement was
carried out unnoticed during the
ourthadlaC^tpo,tflsKhtinS t0uch with
.There were strong attack* hv th?
Aninnv fhUth of Valenciennes. Near
Aulnoy the enemy forced his way Into
our lines thrust forward on the south
J?.1^der of Valenciennes in the di
seau S^ultala, Just beyond Pre
Counter attacks brought us again in
possession of the heights southwest
of Saultain and the village of Preseau.
Attempts by the enemy during the
?^??n b>. an enveloping storm at
?i / m the west over the Scheldt
and from the south to take Valen
ciennes broke down. In the night we
e\acuated the town undisturbed by
our adversary. y
Jl?rrtU,\ a,rtillery Preparations pre
ceded attacks which the Franco
Americans carried out for the purpose
frnn?C^HrKa.n openiP* on the Aisne
Jh?enMeause.betWeen th? Ar*onne and
East of Recouvrance we repulsed
th.e enemy. On the heights northwest
?MKtar,?a? Porci,en we maintained our
positions against severe attacks. The
heights southwest of St Fergeux
changed hands several times in coun
ter attacks. They remain in iur posl
t??/lJ;hTe.heoS,ht3 westrof the Aisne be
tw een La Selve and Herpy enemy at
tacks broke down. Here again we
won in severe fighting a complete
success over the French. East of
" Selve the adversary was not able
to reach our line anywhere owing to
our effective fire. Near and west of
St Quentin-le-Petit we drove back
the enemy from their line.
I Enemy thrusts near Nanteuil and
Ambly enabled him to reach tem
j porarily the northern bank of the
i Aisne. Counter thrusts drove him
back to the southern bank.
The French on a broad front at
tacked on both sides of Vouxiers. as
well as to the north, between the
Aisne and Pre. Near Rilly we
withdrew our advance posts to the
northern bank of the Aisne.
Near Voncq the enemy made a thrust
over the Aisne to the heights on the 1
eastern bank of the river. Attempts
by our adversary to secure a break
through at Le Chesne broke down.
We brought him to a stand near Neu
ville-et-r>ay and Terron. Storming at
tacks repeated at various points six
times by the enemy on both sides of
Vouziers also broke down.
East of Vandy the enemy was thrown
back. He got a footing In Falaise.
Between the Aisne and Grand Pre the
enemy was repulsed. The French on
this front attained an insignificant
gain of territory near Vonco and Fa
On the front of the attack, ten kilo
meters In extent, between Terron and
Palaise, our lines this evening were!
fully In our hands.
Between the Aisne and the Meuse !
American divisions employed In dense i
; attacking columns succeeded In forc
ing their way into our positions be- '
tween Champalgneulle and AincrevlUe 1
and gaining territory beyond our ar
tn.ery lines on both sides of Bayon
ltiielTpt* ..of the enemy from
Bayonville to roll up our front In the
direction of Thenorgues and Stenay
| were frustrated. With darkness the
! fighting wasbrought to a standstill on
the line of Champlgneulle. Sivry. east
| of Buxancy. southwest of Villers-De
I vant-Dun and northeast of Ainereville.
November 2.?On the Italian moun
tain front our troops, in carrying out
measures of evacuation according
to plan, will occupy positions which
they held at the beginning of the
Italian war.
'"th? Venetian Plain a movement of
'?treat across the Taflitmento Is in
The evaenatlon of all Serbian t?
ntory la Imminent.
Giant Offensive May Prove
One of War's Most Im
portant Moves.
BY Jinvirs B. WOOD.
Cablegram to The Snndny Star and
Ch'eago Dnlly News. Copyright, 1918.
THE FRONT. November 2.?American
troops are taking part in a giant of
fensive which may prove to be one of
the most important moves in the war
on the western front.
The 1st American Army attacked on
a twenty-three-kilometer (fourteen
miles) front between the Aisne and
the Meuse as their part of a colossal
offensive by the allies pivoting on the
Ueuse as on a hinge.
The last of the Kriemhllde Stellung I
was crossed, forcing the Germans to j
abandon this strong position and re- '
tire to new defensive positions farther |
north where desperate fighting is con
Where the Americans are now they I
are within easy artillery range of Bu- I
zancy and are in a position to cut off |
the German motor supply system. The
victory clears the front of the most
important enemy trench system.
Mist and Smoke Aid.
After the heavy artillery fire, begin- |
ning at 3:30 o'clock Friday morning,
the infantry jumped off at 5:30. just as
a heavy fog was falling. The mist
with the smoke from the shells com
pletely masked the attack and the
German machine gun detachments,
which were acting as the rear guards,
were not aware, of the advance until
the Americans were on top of them.
In the second wave came the engineers
repairing the roads for the tanks and
artillery. Everything moved with the
smoothness of clockwork. Thermite
was used effectively in the attack.
Ten fresh German divisions were used
in trying to stem the American attack.
Dramatic Sight Reveal d.
When the fog lifted at 8 o'clock a
dramatic sight was revealed. The
troops composing the second American
wave were waiting in the lee of a hill
crest apparently unmoved by the shells
falling among them. Suddenly a com
mand was given and they disappeared
o\er the top of the hill. The German
battery reaction in the early hours was
slight, the shells consisting chiefly of
high explosive projectiles from long
range guns, the smaller caliber cannon
having been hastily withdrawn to pre
vent capture.
There was bloody fighting in spots on
the long front, certain fortified villages
and woods being altve with machine
gunners who r'-^nined at posts I
until they were killed. One division re- j
ported that a girl in a German uniform
had been captured.
Laxge Territory Gained.
Twenty-nine square miles of territory
were wrested from the Germans in the
first hours of the fighting. While the
enemy apparently anticipated the neces
sity of withdrawal he left picked detach
ments behind with orders to sell their
lives as dearly as possible, he Kriemhllde
Stellung is now entirely behind the
American 1st Army. The position was
a Jungle of barbed wire, deep trenches,
fortifications and pillboxes. The trenches
were full of traps and all sorts of In
genious devices, making them almost
impregnable. I saw gates with springs
so arranged as to trap raiders who
would be enfiladed by hidden machine
guns. There were secret covered huts
In which a man could hide, emerge
throw grenades and then disappear.
Artillery Works Havoc.
The artillery worked havoc with the
trenches, but the enemy, .foreseeing this,
dug himself in behind every hill and
kept up a continuous fight. As already
noted it was foggy in the early part of
the day. Then there was an hour of
brightness succeeded by a haze which
lasted the remainder of the day and
was a great help to the Americans. For
the first time of the five weeks of the
offensive the weather was in their
favor. It not only prevented the Ger
man machine guns from cross-firing,
but made impossible the aerial ac-1
tivity which the Germans had planned.
This was evidenced from the fact that
they had concentrated their "flying
circus" on this front several days ago. |
Before the "zero hour" the infantry
crawled out of their trenches. Expect
ing a counter barrage they dug them
selves in, each man occupying a "fox
hole" one hundred yards in front of
the trench. When the command was
given to jump oft these fox-hole men,
popping up in the chill morning mist
, like jacks in boxes, rushed forward.
I Practically not a single rifle was fired
until the first German outposts were
reacherd. and then bayonets were ordi
narily used.
Objectives Gained in Two Hours.
| The flares that the Germans were
sending up. showing that they were
nervously expecting a wave of death
to engulf them, burned red in the
morning haze. The rattle of the Ger
man machine guns suddenly stopped.
They were quickly reached, found and
silenced. In two hours the first ob
jectives were gained. Then in broad
'daylight from points of vantage be
hind the line which were comparative
ly safe because of the weak German
artillery fire, I was able to get a
glimpse of the fight. In the village of
Imecourt the Americans bagged 1,500
live Germans, and there were nearly
as many dead in the streets. The thick
walled buildings were alive with ma
chine guns which swept all the ap
i proaches.
The American artillery threw a bar
rage beyond the outskirts and then
upon the town Itself, hurling roofs
and walls high in the air like leaves
In the autumn wind. The defenders,
who had expected the Americans to
make a frontal charge, came running
out with hands up and "kamerading"
toward the waiting skirmish line.
Hand-to-Hand Fighting.
Some of the Mtterset fighting was in
a ravine called Auxplers. The black
nose of a machine gun projected from
the top of every rock. The Germans,
with Infinite toil, had burrowed them
selves In and fired from artificial
crevices in huge boulders. Desperate
hand-to-hand fighting occurred, but
the defenders were all captured or
killed. The Bols de Lopes. west of
Champigneulle, was literally a forest
of machine guns in which every bush
was spitting death. As fast as one
nest was taken another began send
ing In a hail of bullets from farther
In the rear. The Amerloans gained a
foothold and at last reports were
fighting their way steadily through
the woods and towns.
Grand Pre. in which are the battered
remains of a twelth century church,
containing the temb of Claude Joy
ous* is entirely occupied by the
Special Musical Program to Be Giv
en at Epiphany Church.
Special services of thanksgiving for
victory are to be held at the Church
of the Epiphany, G street between 11th
and 14th streets northwest, tonight.
A special musical program will include
patriotic songs and a Te Deum. An
address U tp be delivered by the rec
tor, Rev. Dr. Randolph H McKlm, on
the victories of American and allied
troops Hd the defeat of tka central
Serbian and French armies are approaching Belgrade and undoubtedly will use the Berlin-Bagdad railroad In their
Invasion of Austria and any subsequent operation that may be carried out in the direction of Vienna or Berlin.
The main invasion of Austria, however, possibly will come from the regions of northern Italy, and should Aus
tria drop out of the wnr a sweeping effort against G ,-rmany would be directed from this region. The Berlln
Bagdad line, as well as other railways In Austria, would be utilised in the move agaiaat the German border.
Business Interests Declare
for Acceptance of En
tente Terms.
By the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, November 2.?Ger
man banking" and commercial men,
after a meeting', have sent the gov
ernment a declaration in favor of ac
ceptance of the entente's armistice
conditions, according- to the German
The declaration presents an argu
ment against those who hope for an
improvement of the situation from a
continuance of the war and demands
measures for facilitating peace, even
if sacrifices are required.
Beventlow Advises Submission.
COPENHAGEN, Wednesday, October
30.?Complete submission to the allies
was advised by Count Reventlow, the
i na.val writer, In the Berlin' Deutsche
Tages Zeitung of Tuesday. The ar
ticle was very mild for the usual bel
'licose Beventlow.
The GeAnan newspapers for many
weeks have not been so bare of com
ment on the military and political situ
[ ation as they are at present. Apparent
I ly the German press is awaiting the re
I suit of the Versailles conference.
Claims Kaiser Has Abdicated.
PARIS, November 2.?In heavy type
j the Temps today prints the following
I under a Geneva date:
"The abdication of William II may
be considered now as an accomplished
fact. Official publication Is delayed for
an opportune moment."
Want Peace at Once.
. PARIS, November 2 (Havas).?Im
mediate peace is demanded in manifes
toes published by German socialist news
papers from labor and socialist organiza
tions and feminist groups throughout the
empire. The last named groups in their
statement declare the German women
will take every means of opposing the
continuation of the war.
Denies Scheidemann Demand.
BASEL, Switzerland, November 2.
Resrarding the reports that Philip
Scheidemann, socialist leader and sec
retary. without portfolio in the German
cabinet, had addressed a memorial to
Chancellor Maximilian on the abdica
tion of Emperor William, a semi-olf?
cial statement from Berlin declares no
such memorial exists.
"It Is not Impossible, however," the
statement adds, "that this Question was
touched upon In correspondence ex
changed between Secretary of St'te
Scheidemann and other secretaries and
irovernment chiefs during the illness of
the chancellor, which rostricted per
sonal communication between the mem
bers of the government."
October Circulation
print a forenoon edition. 1
Its paid circulation in Washing
ton and suburbs is believed to be
between two and one-half and three j
times that of the corresponding
edition of its afternoon cotemporary
in the same territory. '
District of Colombia, ss.:
FLEMING NEWnOLD. business manager of
emnly rfwear that the actual number of copies
of the paper named sold and distributed dar
ing the month of October, A.D. 10X8, was as
follows: ,
Diyv P?"- Copies, i
10.T.24B 17 UM8T
2is : loeSSi1
105.110 19 107,312
4 103,006 21 111,333 f
5 102.433 S| 111.182
7 J92-21" I? 110.097
8 112211 ?} 109.129
. 9 1034K53 ?5 107JS73 !
1 0 104.980 26 106J82
11 1. 2| J<?.74* ,
12 ? 90,325 29 108,443 1
14.::.... *21225 ????????? io*?4
1 5 10?.?42 31 lOSJtr
16 ....... 100.072 ___
Total dally net circulation... .W7M1II
' Daily average net paid elr
, cuiation , M
Dally average number or
copies for service, etc.......
Dally average net circulation. 1<
[ Day*. Copies. Dajw. Oeples. I
! 6 ....... 79,877 20 ....... mm
1? 81.441 87 84575|
j Less adjustments. U7 j
Total Sunday net circulation.
Average net paid Sunday cir- .
cuiation 81.7001
Average number of copies for
service, etc
Average Sunday net circula-"
Butwcrlbed and rwnrm to before mm tkia
??4 4ar of Msrember, A.D. 1918.
Notarj Public. I
Cablegram to The Sunday Star
and Chicago Daily Sewi.
Copyright, 1018.
AT THE FRONT, November 2.?
The prisoners captured on the
Valenciennes front are the most
morose Germans seen on this
front. An officer admitted that
the German army had gone to
pieces since the authorities be
gan their peace offensive.
"If the British attacks contin
ue for another month or even
less as they have been con
ducted since early In August,"
he said, "there will be nothing
left of the German army worth
"Peace or an armistice is the
only thing that can save it from
being completely crushed."
Committee of Union Says Post
master General Burleson Has
Promised an Investigation.
Recommendation to members of the
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of
America "against any movement look
ing toward a strike at this time" are
contained in the report made public
last night of the committee appointed
by the organization to lay the griev
ances of the union against the Western
Union Telegraph Company before Post
Office Department officials.
Assurances have been received from
Postmaster General Burleson, the re
port said, that the wire control board
would make an investigation.
LONDON, November 2.?An addi
tional clause In the terms of armistice
granted by the allies to Turkey,
which has just been received, says:
"Allied control officers are to be
placed on all railways, including such
portions of the Transcaucasian rail
ways as are now under Turkish con
trol; these must be placed at the free
and complete disposal of the allied
authorities, due consideration being
given to the needs of the population.
"This clause is to Include the allied
occupation of Batum. Turkey will
raise no objection to the occupation
of Baku by the allies."
CHICAGO, November 2.?Indictments
against twelve men in connectionj
with alleged aircraft construction
scandal were returned today by the
federal grand jury The names of the
men were suppressed pending their
arrest. The grand jurors were dis
missed after the indictments were re
Publications Issued in the interest
of an individual firm or corporation
must reduce by 25 per cent th^* aver
age tonnage of paper used during the
past twelve months, according to an
order issued yesterday by the pulp
and paper division of the War In
dustries Board. New publications of
this class are forbidden unless they
take the place of some other form of
r,?!,n >>usly issued by the Arm
or corporation.
collective house papers,
those publications printed ip the in
terest of a collection of individuals,
firms or corporations, and not having
second-class mail entry, the same rul
ing was made.
The community house paper, a publi
cation In the interest *>f a church,
charitable institution, club, society or
community, and entered as second
class mall, automatically becomes a
periodical and is subject to the regu
lations as issued to all publishers of
periodicals, except newspapers and
agricultural publication^ under date
of August 27, 1918.
There will be no additional order is
sued regulating the opening and clos
ing of offices, qfpres and other mer
cantile establishments and places of
amusements^ because present condi
tions do not warrant such an order.
This is the decision reached by the
United States Fuel Administration and
communicated to all state and district
directors of conservation.
Should an acute shortage of eoal
occur In any locality, however, the
fuel administrator in whose district
the shortage occurs will draw up an
order, which, in his opinion, will best
meet the emergency. Reasonable val*
untary conservation measures are
urged on all classes of business and
New Cases Yesterday Num
bered 53, a Drop of 152
From Friday.
There was a material decrease In I
the number of deaths from Influenza
reported for the twenty-four-hour period
ending last night at 9 o'clock. There
were thirteen deaths, a decrease of
nine, as compared with a similar period
ending at 9 o'clock Friday night, when
the death list showed twenty-two.
There was a decrease of four deaths
for the twenty-four-hour period ending
at noon yesterday, when the deaths
totaled eighteen.
The number of new cases recorded
for the twenty-four-hour period ending
at noon yesterday was fifty-three, a
decrease of 152 cases, compared with
the day before, when they numbered
205. No additional report of new cases
is given out after noon Saturday.
list of the Dead.
The list of the dead reported last
night follows: Emma Radcliff, 47
years. Providence Hospital: Dorothy
M. Hensdn, 15 years, 457 \t Ridge
street northwest; George Haas, Jr., 28
years, 1332 I street northwest: Clar
ence S. Wilson, 30 years. United States
Public Health Hospital No. 2; Robert
T. Wood. 53 years, St. Elizabeth Hos
pital; Charles Hodgin, 38 years. Provi
dence Hospital; Kasper Kottermann,
29 years, St. Elizabeth Hospital; Min
nie Shields. 33 years. St. Elizabeth
Hospital; E. P. Weber, 57 years, 4401
Wisconsin avenue; Laura Hall, 45
years, United States Public Health
Hospital No. 2; Myrtle Darling, 18
years, 1303 G street southwest; Harry
Zieger, 32 years, St. Elizabeth Hos
pital; Ailene Williams, 10 years,
Freedmen's Hospital.
Urges Precautions.
I Health Officer William C. Fowler
said last night that while he felt that
the situation had been mastered here,
i he would again emphasize the neces
sity of the observance by tlje general
public of all the precautionary meas
ures In force and which were made
operative as a matter of protection
and public safety, to prevent a further
spread of tbe contagion.
The opening of the churches today,
Dr. Fowler said, would, in his opin
ion, have no tendency to bring about
the spreading of the contagion, even
In the event that persons developing
the disease or carrying the contagion
attended the services, for the reason
that people will take precautions to
prevent contracting the disease and
for the additional reason that the
contagion Is now of a mild form, as
shown by the nature of the new cases
being reported.
The opening tomorrow of the
theaters, moving picture houses,
schools and other places where the
public gather, he said, would have no
tendency to scatter the germs of the
influenza. The precaution announced
by the school-authorities to exclude all
pupils from the classes suffering from
heavy colds or who might be under
suspicion as developing the disease.
Dr. Fowler said, would reduce to the
minimum all dangers of the contagion
getting any foothold in the schools.
The request of the Commissioners
made to the street railway companies
to operate their cars with open win
dows has not been recalled. The man
agement of the street car lines ordered
their men to operate all cars with all
windows open. This order has been
obeyed by the motormen and con
ductors, but passengers insist on clos
ing the windows. Many of the cars,
filled with capacity loads, come down
town In the early morning rush and in
the rush hours of the afternoon with
every window closed tightly. The air
In such cars Is a menace to the public
health under ordinary conditions,
Health Officer Fowler said, and more
so under present conditions.
Following the lifting of the ban on
public meetings by the Commissioners
of the District of Columbia officials
of the Washington Y. M. C. A- will
hold their first lobby concert In a
month tomorrow night at 1736 G
street northwest. Singing will be led
by Lieut. Devenney and R. W. Hills
of the war camp community service.
Others on the program are C. P.
Fralley. tenor; Mrs. Ethel Johnston
Parrish, pianist, and Earl Carbauh.
Important Legislation Will
Come Before Congress
With War's End.
Reconstruction, as it relates to trans
portation, wire control and governmen
tal agencies created for war needs, will
follow swiftly upon peace, in the opinion
of members of Congress, who already
are beginning to consider these prob
lems. This means that legislation of
vast Importance will be undertaken by
Congress soon after the war Is ended.
Senator Martin of Virginia, discussing
reconstruction yesterday, said that when
the war is over steps must be taken im
mediately to reduce and stop the huge
expenditures that the government is
now making. Bureaus which have grown
to large proportions must be abolished
or reduced to a minimum In personnel,
he said.
"Steps must be taken to put an end
to the huge expenditures, necessary
an account of the war. when peace
comes," said Senator Martin. "Unless
something is done, a burden will be
placed on the shoulders of this and
coming generations that will be hard
to bear."
Most Be Discharged.
He indicated that thousands of per
sons who have come into the employ
of the government must be dis
charged as soon as possible.
"Congress will not appropriate the
money to continue the employment
of these people," said Seifator Martin.
With the end of the war the food
and fuel control laws lapse. But con
trol of the food situation will be
needed for a long time to come, it is
said. It is certain, however, that ef
forts to continue the rood control law
in effect after the war will meet with
strong opposition in Congress.
The railroad and wire control prob
lems will face Congress also. Under
the law giving the control of the rail
roads to the President it is specified
that this control must end within
eighteen months after the war ends.
The wire control law is for the dura
tion of the war only.
The question of permanent govern
ment ownership of the railroads and
of the telegraph and telephone sys
tems of the country will come to the
fore, and members of Congress who
believe in government ownership of
these utilities will make a fight to
have the government take them over
Shipping Problem.
The shipping problem also must be
faced. Senator Martin indicated that
I enough money would be appropriated
to carry through the program now in
hand. The United States Shipping
Board is a permanent organization,
but its powers, under the authority
granted by Congress to meet the war
situation, have been enormously in
creased. It is expected that these
extraordinary powers will be consid
erably curtailed.
If peace comes before March 4, 1919,
it is said an extra session of Con
gress will have to be called to deal
with reconstruction legislation. If
peace does not come, an extra session
will be necessary to provide the funds
and additional legislation that may
be needed for the prosecution of the
war. There will be little time in the
regular session beginning next De
cember and ending March 3, 193 9, for
such legislation, whether there is war
or peace.
(Continued from First Page.)
enna continues unfavorable and some
of the retiring troops, most of whom
are deserters, already have arrived as
far eastward as Blatrenfurt (100 miles
northeast of Vittoria) and Veldee,
plundering as they went.
The correspondent says that on? of
the reasons for the delivery of tlie Aus
trian fleet to the south Slavs was to
prevent the warships from falling into
the hands of the Italians.
Cz-cho-Slovaks Anger Germans.
COPENHAGEN, Wednesday, Octo
ber 30.?Demands - made by Czecho
slovak newspapers in behalf of the
new government in Crerho-Slavonia
are agitating the German newspa
pers. The Bohemian newspaper Na
rodny Listy declares that German
Bohemia will not be permitted to
join Germany, while the Vecer de
mands the inclusion in the Czecho
state of lower Austria as far as the
Danube, including Vienna. The Vecer
says that it cannot be permitted that
the Czechs in lower Austria should be
isolated and that a majority of the
inhabitants o-f Vienna, or their par
ents, come from Bohemia or Moravia.
The newspaper also demands the in
clusion of Prussian Silesia in the
Czech state.
The socialist Vorwaerts of Berlin,
especially, is very indignant over
these demands and says:
"The very history o-f the Czechs
shows the impossibility of destroying
even a small nation. Yet they intend
to grind the German nation of sev
enty millions to pieces. Poor fools!"
(Continued from First Page.)
the assistance ot the United States bu
reau of standards, the practicability of
the automatic telephone in the District;
a complete working system was direct
ed and operated by bureau of standards;
advocated the widening of Conduit
roadway; supported the present move
ment to obtain from Congress rep
resentation in both branches of Con
gress for the District of Columbia;
representation In the electoral college;
for rights in United States courts of
citizens of the several states; urged
increased use of the canal, as a war
necessity; urged delay of the alley
housing law, pending the war.
Through Its war work committee the
federation rendered efficient work in
the housing problems, in the liberty
loans, war savings stamps, and other
like matters. >
Influenza is * disease that greatly lowers the normal resist
ance tn the human body. At such times the germs of Tubercu
losis and Pneumonia, often present in the throat and nose, may
develop these diseases because of the weakened condition of the
body. We caution you. therefore, at this particular time, to
give special attention to convalescence.
Frequent attacks of wearlaes* a peratsteat little nrngk, or
Ma of weight may be symptoms of slowly developing consump
tion. If you have such symptoms
Do Not Waste Tone
See a doctor or call at the Tahereuloaia cuale, 40* 15th
Street, R.W. for examination. Open on Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday afternoons at 2 o'clock and Friday evenings from 7:10
to t o'clock, or consult the
Association for Ac Prevention of Tuberculosis
AMimsi ?? H Street H.W. Telephaaei Mala tn
?Ms atlao Is ?Id ?m *r tte IssriDlu toe tbe Fnrrcatfaa of TabareaMa.
Must Entrain Between No
s vember 11 and 15?1,478
Will Go to Camp Greene.
The largest single call for draft
registrants yet made upon the Dis
trict of Columbia was announced by
Provoet Marshal General Crowder laJrt
night, as part of the largest single
requisition of man power yet made
upon the nation at large.
The National Capital is called upon
to entrain 1,733 white registrants for
camps between November 11 and 16,
and the nation as a whole, ?90.773
registrants before November 21. A
few of the calls, all of which are for
registrants qualified for general mili
tary service, are reopened require
ments suspended on account of the In
Will Go to Three Camps.
District registrants to the number
of 1,478, constituting the largest num
ber yet requested on one call, will be
entrained for Camp Greene, N. C.
during the five-day period November
11 to 15. In addition, two suspended
calls are reopened, 150 registrants for i
Camp Greenreaf, Ga., November 11. 1
and 105 men for Fort Dade, Fla^ the |
same day. These last two calls were
announced last week in The Star.
The three local calls give the regis
trants of the September 12 registration
between the ages of nineteen and thirty -
six years their first opportunity to Join
the colors.
Liberty Hut will be the scene of in
duction into the military service and
the final mobilization point before en
trapment for all these men. This was
definitely announced last night by Ben
Prince, chairman of local board for
division No. 9 and head of a special
committee appointed to secure a suitable
mobilization place.
Offers Rotunda of Capitol.
The rotunda of the Capitol was of
fered by Speaker Clark for the purpor.e.
and it was thought yesterday that the
orfei would be accepted, cwing to the
peculiar fitness which wou'd attach to
tne mobilization of the Vational Cap
ital's soldiers in that historic place.
Entraining men for cantonments,
however, is a business proposition, more
than a sentimental relation. and the
Liberty Hut auditorium offered the l>est
solution of the problem, which wa*
caused by the inability of the city post
office to give the use of its clubrooni
for mobilization purposes any longer.
The Library Hut is ideally located
both for induction and mobilization
purposes, especially for the latter, ow
ing to its proximity to the Union sta
tion. From the hut all the men to go
from Washington henceforth will be
marched. They will be assembled
there the night before entrainment to
be Inducted into the service of the
United States. Each man can be seat
ed, and thus it is hoped that each In
duction night will aiford opportunity
for a regular "program."
To Name Boards of Instruction.
Boards of Instruction to help all
registrants will have been selected
within a few days by all of the local
draft boards of the city. Composed of
prominent men of the community,
these boards of instruction wilL b*
pressed into service especially on in
duction nights, co ie*i me new sol
diers just what a privilege is theirs.
The apparent imminence of peace
will not cause the slightest let-up In
draft work, either in the District or
throughout the nation. The great
calls announced by Gen. Crowder for
November, with more to come during
the month. In ail probability, are ear
liest of this.
i ne national calls announced last
night are divided as fouows: 253,335
wnite general service men, to be en
trained oetween .November 11 and 1-6.
ana ;>7,4J6 coioied registrants, to be
entrained November i j to No col-?
oreu ?e?intrants are asked of lue Dis
trict uus time, it is retailed mat the
largest sillfele call for coioiea regis
trants ui/on tile District tor l.olio
men, Qiaue last summer.
All Not to Go at One Time.
Local interest will ceiicer in tl?n
1,4?# men to t,o to Camp Greene. Ow
ing to railroad conditions it probably
will be louiiu liiiposcsioie to entrain
more than ouO men a uay, it is be
z,est is added to the local draft situa
tion by tne uecei oi local
ooard for division ao. J, City l'ost
master jnerrut kj. Chance, ctuiriuan, to
coiiuuct ic& own liiuuccion ana mouiuza
j uon oi men. mis ooa.ru, sometimes
leaned the "independent urait board,"
owing to its ruiusai last winder to
* ccuuaiize" wiui the otner ten boards
i at tne l>isLrici. Duiiuin^, believes that
j 1L Call COllUuCL lis ll.uucLlOllS alld liiODlli
| zations best at tne city post oiiice,
I waere it is located. Tne <ignt to sep?^
' race induction and mobilization is
granted ooaius by the selective serv
ice regulations, and couiu oe enjoyed
by the otner uoarus it tney so cnoae.
No. 3 ooard is leading the other
boarus witn its wora, naving com
pieced 90 per cent of us ciassmcation
of registrants between trie ages of
mneueii auu tmrty-six years, and
ai&u t?u per cent oi its pn>siciaxis ex
aminations of men placed in class 1;
Tne ooard has lorw arucd all proper
records to tne district ooard.
How the Boards Stand.
Standing of the boards in classifi
cation work, according to the latest
report, follows: No. 1, liO per cent of
its nineteen to thirty-six-year-old
registrants classified; No. "i, 60 per
cent; AO. 3. siu per cent; No. 4, 60
per cent; No. 5, t>0 per cent; No. 6,
yu per cent; No. 7, 5*0 per cent; No. 8.
90 per cent; No. 9, 90 per cent; No. 10.
6U per cent; AO. 11, ?U per cent.
record output shown.
Increase in Liberty Engines in Oc
tober Despite Epidemic.
Influenza in no way interferred with
' the output of Engines In Octo
ber American factories turning out
1,500 more than In September, ac
j cording to an announcement made by
j the War Department. The quota set
I for the factories in October was 3,0i>0
j and 3,878 were shipped. September's
shipments were 2,378.
November has been called "Per
shing s month" by the bureau of air
craft production, and it 1s expected
that 4,350 engines will be turned oat.
Retailers Who Sign Pledges Will
Get Window Cards.
Merchants who sell shoes at retail
will receive through the Council of
National Defense the standard shoe
pledge forms and window cards to be
Issued by the War Industries Board
according to an announcement last
night by Chairman Baruch of tlie
Each merchant will receive a pledge
card. After he signs It and returns it
to .the boot and shoe section of the
War Industries Board window card*
will be sent him.
Distribution of pledge forms anH
window cards will be started wlthlii
the next ten days. They will set cftrt
the classification of shoes under tkfc
new standardised and connerrattou

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