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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 04, 1918, Image 2

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vember 2, 3 p.m. (by the Associated
J'ress).?The battle continues with the
Italians and their allies completing
the destruction of Austria's mighty
army. It is estimated that 3,000
Austrian cannon will be the total tak
en by the Italians in addition to vast
quantities of other tvar material.
The allied forces arc ever pressing
cn toward the frontier in the moun
tains. They already have reached the
Val Sugana, where the Italians are
holding their line of a year pgo.
The word "strategy" cannot be used
In Austria's retreat, which is a pell
mell efTort on the part of the various
bodies to save themselves. The Aus
trians are fleeing helter-skelter, fight
ing in the mountains when obliged to
do so. On the plains they are merely
putting up rear guard local fights
with machine guns, blowing up
bridges as they go along. The long
lines of enemy troops on the roads are
biing pelted with the machine gun*
of allied airplanes.
The retreat of the Austrians is be
ing hindered by the condition of the
rood. For the same reason the Italian
advance is some regions is slow.
Austrians Desert Wounded.
The Austrians are leaving their
wounded by the roadside or In houses.
Two thousand Austrian wounded were
deserted in Keltre without attendance
or medicine.
Udlne has been evacuated.. Tbe civil
population everywhere complains that
they were stripped of everything of
value by the enemy in the invaded
Thousands of cannon are being cap
tured by the Italians, in addition to
great quantities of war material. At
Vittorlo a big petroleum deposit was
found, the Austrlans not taking the
trouble to burn it. Oreat quantities
of telegraph wire also were left un
destroyed. At Bellune a large, depot
of food and material was found by the
Italians. The allies frequently cap
tured long trains of artillery, one
train being taken at Rasi, near FelLre,
it having been abandoned by the re
treating Austrians in their haste.
Delivery of Hortal Blow.
It was on October 29 that the enemy
received a mortal blow by a main at
tack across the River Piave. This per
mitted the 8th Army to move to Vit
torlo and gave the 4th Army a chance
to operate.
Then piece by piece, corps by corps
and division by division the Austrian
armies have fallen. When the Italian
4th Army reached Monte Cismon. at
the junction of the Brenta, it gave the
12th Army to operate at Feltre, in the
upper Piave valley, and also permit
ted the 6th Army to go onto action in
the Asiago district.
Between the 4th and ith armies
chief Austrian resistance in Italy was
broken. It was in the mountains that j
the greatest number of cannon was
vembcr -t (by the Associated Press).?
In making a map of Flanders one
must draw a straight line from Dix
mude to Ypres. This line should be
marked in red. It was along this
front that the valiant soldiers of
Belgium, under the leadership of
their king, began their onslaught to
recover their native land, after bat
tling for four years to retain a tiny
fragment of Belgium as their own.
It was along the center of that line
that the attack began September 28.
Three miles away stood Houthulst
forest, the key to Uoulers. This for
?st was the Belgian objective. When
it ?as taken Roulers fell. Then Os
ter.u and Zeebrugge were freed and
'or ds>ys past the enemy has been
fisruing desperately on a line forty
miles away from the Yser to gain
time to remove his materials from
Ghent before being compelled to
abandon the city.
Forest Now a Fortress.
Houthulst forest has been convert- I
ed ir-to a tremendous fortress by the
Germans. It was the pivot of the
whole line bet ween Armentieres and
Nieuport. Innumerable redoubts, dug
outs and concr- te blockhouses were
?constructed and along every road
traversing the forest there are doors
leading to s 't-terra lean shelters, mak
ing th" whole area resemble a city
of cave dw ellers. At every cross
road were signs bparing inscriptions,
euch as "Friedrichstrasse. Wilhem
strasse. etc." ?
At every cross-road also were four '
little inoffensive looking green boxes.
Upon approaching these boxes, how
ever, one notices ugly death-head |
signs with the word "Danger" .
painted conspiculously These boxes j
contained forty pounds of high ex
plosives. They were timed by the
cultured cave-dwellers to explode
when the Belgian soldiers entered the
forest, but the Belgians arrived sooner
than anticipated and broke the per
cussion raps from the mines Just as
they have broken the hearts of the
men who set them. The mines re
main there as mute evidence of the
German "peaceful and voluntary
evacuation of Belgium."
More than 1,000.000 shells of all
Health Officials Find Need,
However, for Caution by
People of District.
Health officials feel safe In saying
that Washington's tnfluensa epidemic
has passed, but in the same breath
they urge cltixena to take every pos
sible precaution to prevent further
spread of the contagion.
Their optimism Is based on the num
ber of deaths for the twenty-fonr
hour period ending at noon today, [
ivhlch was but eleven, together with
tlie amall number of new cas?9 for
the same period, which was only stx
Their warnings to take no risks are
none the loss grave. Dr. Fowler, Dis
trict health officer, still urges all not
to use public cups or glasses or public
towels. Get all physical exercise pos
sible, he urges; see that sleeping quar
ters and street cars are liberally venti
lated anil keep out of crowds.
Record for October.
V review of the official record for
< '? tcber, which includes the major
j.art of the epidemic, shows 1,562
deaths from influenza and ISO from
sequential pneumonia.
This breaks all records for any
month in the history of the capital,
for at one time the percentage, based
on the population of a year ago, ran
more than 10 per cent. October 12 was
the high mark, with ninety-two
?leaths. Between October 5 and 21
new cases were running as high as
from one to more than two thousand
a day.
Deaths reported each day are shown
ns follows: October 1. twenty-three:
", twenty-two; 3. thirty-two; 4. forty;
&, forty-nine; 6, sixty-four; 1. forty
nine; S. fifty-four; S. sixty-two; 10,
eighty; 11. seventy-seven; 12. ninety
mo; 13. eighty-nine; 14, sixty-four;
seventy-flve; IS. sixty-eight; IT,
seventy-six; IS, seventy; 19. sixty
fight; 20. sixty-six; 21, forty-eight;
thirty-six; 23. forty: 24. forty
four: 25. forty; 26, thirty-seven; 27.
thirty-two; 28. twenty-four; 29. six
teen: 30. sixteen, and 31, nine.
New cases reported daily follow:
October 1. 162; 2. 39; 3. 56; 4. ?18: 5,
"7$; 6, 279: 7, 1,150; 8, 2.174; 9. 1.466;
3 0. 1.701: 11. 1.594: 12, 1,344; 13. 1.312;
]?, 1,076: 15. 1.4S3: 16. 932: 17. 1.346:
38. 1,121; 19, 835; 20. 705; 21, 412; 22.
77S: 23, 466: 24, 37S; 25, 676; 26. 426;
27, 325; 2S, 235; 29, 333; 30, 250. and
SI, 231
Deaths for Twenty-Four Honrs.
Influenza deaths reported for tbe
twenty-four hours ending at noon to
? iay were as follows: Adele C. Cogan,
16 years, S19 E street southeast; Irv
ing Keiler, 26 years. 413 A street
southeast: Daniel Willard Muller, 2
? < ara, 7uC> 5th street northeast; An
tonio Sammassmo, 36 years, 15 Jack
son street northeast: Brooks J. Bates,
44 years. 948 Lottie street southwest;
ruiBhina Williams, 4 years. U. S. P. H.
S. Hospital; Marie Saunders, 2 years,
V. S. P. H. S. Hospital; Louis Hall.
19 >ears, 1442 C street southeast;
Thomas J. Thurman, 28 years. U. S. P.
H. S. Hospital; Frances P. Schaffer, 3
v-ears, 801 Delaware avenue south
west; Preston B. Smith. 33 ]rut% U. &
. aatiw
calibers and numerous guns lie along
the roads In the forests. The Bel
gians planned the battle admirably.
One wing advanced from Dixmude
and Mercken across Inundated fields
checkered with shellholes. The other
wing moved from Ypres and Bix
choote. They Joined north of .the
forest after three days of terrific
Then the forest was entered by
Flemish troops, many of whom were
battling within the shadow of the
ruins of their own homes. Cold steel
played a large part in clearing up the
forest, yet some thousands of pris
oners were captured there.
| Houthulst forest Is a forest no
longer. A few trees still stand like
nude spars swaying in the wind.
Others, smashed and splintered, lie
across water-fllled shell holes. It is
a picture of war's desolation.
When the correspondent emerged
from this devastated area some days
ago a huge fire was raging a few
miles away. It was a munitions
depot left behind by the Germans and
there is strong presumption that It
was fired by a spy or a time fuse.
The peasant owning a house nearby
, was In groat fear of losing his prop
erty. He told the correspondent he
saw no one around and he thought
that the fire was ca'-sed by allied sol
diers practicing at rocket firing.
Spies Blow Tip Dumps.
There are tales of spies left behind
by Germans to blow up bridges and
m^nitioos dumps which the enemy
had no time to destroy. .Near
Bruges a munitions depot blew up
ten days after the Germans had
abandoned It.
There have been numerous arrests
since the departure of the Germans
of suspected spies dressed In civilian
clothing. Some of them were dis
guised as women.
After the battle of Mons In 1914
several British soldiers who were
unable to keep up with their units
remained behind. They donned civ
ilian garb and attempted to cross
Into Holland. Some succeeded aid
others were eaujht. It may be sur- .
mised that German so'diers cap- !
tured rinder similar circumstances ;
will receive the same treatment as
was visited upon the British four
years ago.
little likelihood Pending Measure
Will Be Altered to Bring in
Less Honey.
The probability that peace will come
within a short time caused some dis
cussion today at the Capitol as to
whether the pending war revenue bill j
would be modified so as to bring In
less revenue.
Those members of the Senate finance,
committee, which has the bill before!
it. who were in the Senate today, ex- j
pressed the opinion that no effort ??
would be made to reduce the proposed
taxation. They said that the revenue
which the bill proposes to raise will
all be needed to meet appropriations
already made.
Senators Hoke Smith. Thomas and
Smoot, all members of the committee,
said they did not believe any attempt i
would be made to strike out or to re
duce the proposed taxes. Senator
Smith said, however, that as soon as
peace comes every effort should be
made to cut down expenditures.
He indicated that Congress would
do Its part in forcing economy and
that it would not appropriate money I
for many of the government agencies :
which have been established for war
purposes after peace shall have come.
for an allied court
Sir Frederick Edward Smith, Brit
ish Attorney General, Sug
gests Plan.
LONDON, November 4.?Establlsh
' men t of a grand court of allied re pre- ?
sentatlves, civil and military, for the
purpose of trying those guilty of
crimes during the war. Is advocated
by Sir Frederick Edward Smith, the
British attorney general, in an inter
view in the Dally Express.
Sir Frederick, who is an authority
on international law, urges that the j
jurisdiction of such a court apply es
pecially. although not exclusively, to
i those caught red handed or observed
' committing crimea He contends that
the guilty parties must not be allowed
to shift the blame upon their wi
pe riors, as otherwise every war crim
inal among the Germans might shuf
fle the entire responsibility upon the
emperor. .
Moreover, the attorney general
argue* the gulity persons must not
be permitted to put themselves out
side the Jurisdiction of the court, and
the surrender of those not In allied
I custody should be demanded under
the peaoe terms.
Th? court would be empowered to
inflict such punishments as death and
penal servitude, and also to exact
compensation for injury to persons
or destruction of property.
Women now h?*e the opportunity to
study ship drafting and construction
First President of Corned
University and Former Am
bassador to Germany.
By the Associated Press.
ITHACA, N. Y., November 4.?Dr.
Andrew D. White,.Cornell University's
flrst president and former ambassa
dor to Germany and minister to Rus
sia, died here today at his home as
the result of a stroke of paralysis
which he suffered last Friday. The
funeral will be held on Thursday, No
vember 7, the eighty-sixth anni
versary of Dr. White's birthday.
In both academic and public serv
ice, Andrew Dickson White attained
remarkable distinction. He was one
of the founders of Cornell University
and" its first president. He rendered
valuable public service for many
years as the American diplomatic rep
resentative in Germany and Russia.
Best Work at Cornell, -He Said.
In' his autobiography Dr. Whit#
said that in the founding and main
taining of Cornell University he thought
he had done his best work, and he said,
"By the part I have taken in that,
more than by any other work of my
life, I hope to be judged " His inter
est in the establishment of a new uni
versity came largely through revolt
against the conservative sectarian in
fluences and restricted curriculums of
other institutions.
Born at Homer, N. T., In 1832.
Dr. White was born in New York
state, at a village with the classic
name of Homer. November 7. 183^ the
son of Horace White, .who was one of.
the pioneers in western railroad build
ing' " For his higher education young
White, went to Geneva, now Hobart
College, but after a year there he
went to Yale, where the De Forest
gold medal was awarded to him for
his oration on "The Diplomatic His
tory of Modem T'mes," upon his grad
uation in 18S3, and it was only a few
months later that T. H. Seymour, then
the democratic GovernSr of Connecti
cut, took him to St. Petersburg (Pe
trograd) as an attache to the American
legation. After this foretaste of dip
lomatic life, Mr. White returned to
this country to become professor of
history at Michigan, where he re
mained for seven years. He estab
lished a wide reputation for his work
at Ann Arbor, and it tfas his own ad
mission that his plans for Cornell j
were worked out along the modern :
lines he had seen begun at Michigan 1
Recalled to New York in 1863 by the
death of his father at Syracuse, Mr.
White elected to remain in his native
state, where he became active in re
publican politics. He was a member
of "he New York state legislature for
several years which he devoted to the
preparation of measures for better
common schools, the organization of
the state normal schools and in push
ing through the chaVter for Cornell
Made Impression In Germany.
At the call of President Hayes, in
1879. Dr. White went as minister to
Germany, and in 1892 to Russia, on
the nomination of President Harrison,
and Anally as ambassador to Germany,
on the nomination of President Mc
[ Kirley. serving in Berlin through the
period of the Spanish-American war
and until 1902.
He was recognised as a thinker of
much directness and force. His "Con
flict Between Science and Relirion,"
"Seven Great Statesmen in the War
fare of Humanity With Unreason,"
"Democracy and" Education" and his
autobiography are some of his books i
other than historical.
Proclamation for District Issued by
Commissioner* Appealing for
Shells and Pits.
November ? Is to be "Gas Mask day"
in the District and In every city In
the country.
On that day every Washlngtonlan as
well as every citizen of every Ameri
can municipality will be given an op
portunity to contribute raw material
consisting of nut shells and fruit pits
to a common stock from which the
government will manufacture gas
masks* for use by American soldiers
in the trenches.
The Red Cross has placed 200 barrels
in different sections of the city as de
positories for the contributions.
Call to People of District.
The District Commissioners today'
Issued the following proclamation for
"Gas Mask day":
"In common with the governors of
many states of the Union, we, the
Commissioners of the District of Co
lumbia, hereby set aside the 9th day i
of November as 'Gas Mask day,' and
direct the attention of our people to
the need of the government at this
time for many tons of raw material
from which is made the oharooal that
is placed in the gas masks worn by
the men in the service, and which
will beot absorb the poisonous gas
sent against them by the enemy.
"We are told that the losses by
gas are greater than those of the
guns of the enemy. Its effect, when
death does not ensue, is much more
horrible^than the wounds Inflloted'by
shells. A million pounds a day are
needed, of the pits from peaches,
plums, cherries^ aprioots, prunes,
dates, olives and the shells of hickory
nuts, walnuts and butternut*. This
material is used to make charcoal,
which will protect the men and nurses
umier Are for use across the sea. We
call on all citizens to save what is
ordinarily waste material that they
may save more lives.
Bed Cross Barrels.
"The Red Cross has provided two
hundred barrels distributed about the
city of Washington and this material.
should be deposited in these barrels.
"We urge a special effort in the!
gathering of this material on gas >
mask day, November S, and that the
effort continue every day until the
needs have been met
President Wilson may be compelled
to reconsider his intention to go to
New Jersey tomorrow to vote.
In view of the critical international
situation and the.fact that the Pres
ident Is required to be in constant
communication with Paris, some of
his advisers axe urging him not to
take the trip. It would be dUBoalt
to keOTtotondi with lite' while fci
The allied troops have captured another sample of Germany's long-planned
war. This time It Is a kdd unlike anything yet seen daring this or any
previous war. The gun has Ire firing tubes, placed la such a. position
similar to the barrel of a small revolver. The firing tubes TCvolve and
each projectile is dischsrged Just as the revolver cartridges. This photo
graph gives a good view of the new firearm, showing the business end of
the firing tubes.
Hun Retreat Almost a Rout,- With Officers
Losing Control-?Roads Crowded
With "Fleeing Enemy.
November 3 (by the Associated
i PreBs).?American troops at 5 o'clock
this evening; had advanced their left
flank north of Authe, In close co-oper
ation with the French forces which
have been fighting their way east
ward on^ the bend in the Alsne river.
Farther 'east, American forces were jn
Autruche and their patrols were re
ported aa far north as Brieulles-sur
In the center of the line the village
of Fosse was passed early in the
day and then In quick succession
? Barrlcourt, Nouart Le Champy Haute
: and Le Champy Bas were occupied by
the Americans. The advance of Gen.
Pershing's troops has reached the lit
in the center of Belval wood.
On the extreme-right the Americans
were north of Montigny Devent
Sassy. From there the line ran to the
Meuse river.
j It has not been a day of fighting as
much as of pursuit. The Germans are
not retreating in great disorder and
their withdrawal cannot be called a
rout, but it is certain that the gen
oral staff and the field officers have
lost control to a certain extent.
All par<.8 oi the iine we^e active
during last night. The left wing
continued lis advance with little in
terruption. even after darkness had
d .?? ? . Americans reached
Boult-aux-Bols at 4 o'clock this
morning. Their patrols were at the
heels of the retreating enemy, who
were heard leaving the northern end
Of the town by wagon, and who had
escaped by the time the Americans
had made their way through the
town in the gloom.
There was some opposition, espe
cially artillery fire and rearguard
fighting, at Barricourt and Nouart,
but it was quickly swept away. After
cleaning up Tailly last night, the
Americans took hill 268, and a little
later occupied Les Fontenelles farm.
The village of Le Champy Haute was
taken early this morning, marking an
advance of five miles* northward
from Bayonville. The Americans
did not stop there, but pressed on.
One division, which on Saturday cap
tured 79 officers and 2.170 mer., 60 ma- i
chine guns and 12 guns of .77 caliber. '
was reported today to have largely
increased its booty.
The troops on the right, like those
on the left and center, also continued
to move forward, although less rapid
ly than the others. The heights of j
Montigny, four miles north of Clery
lj-Petit, were reached at noon. When
the Americans occupied the heights It
was seen that the Germans had evac
uated the region Immediately to the
From the left flank to the right
there are evidences that the German I
officers are trying to hold their men '
to their task, but reports from differ
ent sources agree that difficulties
have arisen which the Germans have
found impossible to overcome
East of the Meuse, from north of
Remoiville, where the roads are
choked with retreating Germans, to
north of Stenay, on the east bank of
the river, where the railway yards
are filled with troop trains leaving
for the rear, the Germans are falling
back. (From Remoiville to Stenay
is about eight and one-half miles)
The artillery fire from the hills be
hind the German lines seems to in
dicate the reluctance of those in com
mand to yield to the evident desire
of the men In the line to withdraw
Equal activity is displayed behind
the American lines, but it Is of op
posite character. Far to the rear th?
roads are filled not only with slowly
moving convoys, but with truck trains
filled with troops being rushed
forward to rapport those who'ln some
cases. In trucks, are keeping up the
fast pace set by the retiring Ger
man*. A
Yankee Losses Light.
The American losses so f&r have been
astonishing light/ compared with the
slse of the operation. There has been
fighting by the enemy, but of a half
hearted sort, except In a few cases
where, for brief Intervals,, strong
stands were made by little garrisonsi
left behind.
I One of these wns at Barrl?*>rt.
which was occupied Just after 41
o'clock this morning, the southern
edge of the village having been taken
Saturday night The distance between
the Americans and the Germans was
less than 300 yards. Ordered to
advance, the ATneri<**n* nl?nf*d
down the streets with flxed bayonets,
shooting aa they went The Germans
stood their ground only for a few
moments. It was a bloody Into-mi.
Only a few of the Germans escaped.
Scores of small fights occurred In
the woods and ravines between enemy
machine gun crews and the advanc
ing Americans. Throughout the day
the American artillery heavily bom
barded the German lines along the
entire front
The American intelligence officers
have learned that the confusion In
the enemy army Is Increasing almost
hourly. Apparent the liaison between
the various units has been badly
broken. Aa confirming this, one of
the prisoners taken by the Ameri
cana proved to be a runner who had
5^2 ftw-ward from one of the
^mlle* behind
reason for the confusion at the front
and the failure of men to hold.
High Officers in Conference.
" is learned that high officers of
the German staff held a meeting last
night, which was attended by many
or the field officers, to discuss the
situation, the seriousness of which
was undisputed.
Where the Germans will be able to
bring their retreat to a halt is entirely ,
speculative, although it Is not lm- !
probable that they will Be able to
do so within another day or two unless
the situation gets altogether out of
hand. Although the army at the front
shows extraordinary demoralization,
it still is functioning with enough
discipline to indicate the possibility
of i s steadying down.
Meanwhile, however, the Americans
are pressing their advantage with I
dash and vim.
Yankees Capture 4,000.
November 3, .7 p.m. (by the Associated
Press).?More than 4,000" prisoners
were captured by the Americans In
this sector today. The riumber t of
guns and other booty Is steadily
growing. The right flank of the
American line is now at Halles. on
the heights overlooking the Meuie
river. ?
Roads Packed With Fleeing Hnas.
ber 3, 7:3Q p.m. (by the Associated
Press).?American aviators late today
reported that the Germans to the east
of the Meuse appeared to be in foil
retreat. The aviators' messages said
that all roads running northward
were packed with troops, artillery and
The American aviators went aB far
as Remoiville. They reported that the
roads southeast of Remoiville are
choked with traffic.
The retreating German troops and
convoys and enemy ammunition
dumps and various villages within the
Teuton lines were attacked today by
American bombing airplanes.
Great damage is reported to have
been done to property and consterna
tion caused among the retreating
troops. ,
The American bombing machines
made two attacks, the flrst tn the
morning and the other in the after
noon, reaching as far as Stenay and
Beaumont. Fires are reported In
both places.
Eight squadrons participated In the
air ra'ds today. The bombers attacked
Beaumont, where they destroyed a
warehouse and exploded an ammuni
tion dump. In Stenay another ammu
nition dump was exploded. The bomb
ers also attacked M&rtincourt, Mou
seay, Beauclair and Beaufort. The
last two towns simultaneously were
under the Are of heavy American
guns. In the region of Vaux and
Sommauthe pursuit planes harassed
the troops along, the roadway with
machine guns and small bombs.
The weather was cloudy, but It was
the first really clear day on the
ground since the offensive of the
Americans was resumed.
There were various combats In the
air. Two German machines were re
ported brought down. Three Ameri
can planes are missing.
The aviators' report regarding the
retreat of the enemy east of the
Meuse is as follows:
"At Remoiville a troop train of
nineteen cars was leaving, northward
bound. We saw great crowds of
enemy troops along the railway
siding. We fired upon them and they
tired back With incendiary bullets.
All northbound roads out of Remoi
ville were filled with troops."
According to previous reports, at
least four Austro-Hunvarian divisions
were opposing the French and Amer
icans east of the Meuse in this sector.
Hun Butteries Under Fire. "
German artillery east of the Meuse,
protected by hills and woods beyond
Lyon-Devant-Dun, had been a source
of constant aniioyance to the Ameri
cans since th?-y reached the great el
bow in the river north of Dannevoux.
The advance of the Americans Satur
day made possible the bringing up of
artillery, and the American guns this
afternoon began counter battery
work. Soon afterward the German
artillery desisted. Numerous enemy
batteries in the region of Fontaines
were under American fire most of th*
Later came reports of the aviators
that the enemy appeared to be in
full retreat
An American patrol crossed the
Meuse north of Frleulles Saturday
night and encountered no resistance.
To the south enemy machine gun
ners biased away at Brieulles and its
vicinity, flanking the 'Americans. The
patrol clnng to the banks of the
river until the American artillery
opened a barrage and drove back the
enemy. ?
The forest De Woevre. to the north
west, is swampy, and the Germans
have been taking advantage of this
fact in holding out for weeks against
the French and Americans" in tne
struggle for possession of this thlck
Jy wooded .section. . .?
Only Disorganized Resistance.
i r in ii ? fii im npiifinn run
?Only. disorganised, resist snoe was
ottered by the dtnaua today to the
French and American troops from
points east of the river Mease to that
part of the line extending to Bethel.
The Americans carried, the apex of
their advance to the little lake?in
Belval wood, to the north of Barrl
Stenay, an important railway cen
ter less than four - miles from the
American front, has already been so
harassed that it has been rendered al
most useless to the enemy.
The Germans continue to retreat all
along the front.
' Americans Pass. Objectives.
ber 3, 3 p.m. (by the Associated Press).
?Gen. Pershing's forces continued to
make satisfactory progress during the
night and this morning but they met
with isolated opposition, here and
there, indicating that the German re
treat had slightly slowed up.
Virtually every American 1 division
had not only reached its objectives
this morning, but was far ahead of
them. Prisoners, guns and material
were reported to be increasing in
number and quantity.
The enemy opposition took the form
of intermittent artillery fire and at a
few points with the use of gas and in
fantry. This resistance, however,
vanished when the Americans exerted
The general character of the en
emy's defense Was almost exclusively
that of rear-guard actions, instead of
the usual bitter direct oposition. and
generally it was overcome without
Bourgogne Woods Cleared.
ber 3 (by the Associated Press, 9:10
p.m.).?The American . and French
troops today completed the clear
ing of the enemy out of the
Bourgogne woods by their Junction
at Nolrval. They then pushed for
ward northeastward and captured in
rapid succession Chatillon-sur-Barx
and the Bois Duchesne, where the
northern edge of the wood was
The action at this point was pre
dominently French, but with the
Americans assisting with patrols, who
first pushed westward to effect a
liaison and then turned northeast
ward with the French until they met'
other Americans near Chatillon and 1
pinched out another slice of terrain.
Yankees Take Battery. -
day, November 2 (by the Associated
Pre ss).A battery of four six-Inch
howitzers, with three officers and sev
enteen gunners, was taken north of
Landreville today by three French
tanks manned by Americans. 1
The tanks flanked the battery by '?
going around the edge of a hill in the |
face of machine guns protecting the!
cannon. The gunners threw up their
hands when the tanks appeared and !
the men on the land battleships turn- I
ed their prisoners over 'to infantry- 1
men. I
The tank squadron was commanded '
hy JUeut. Lloyd Callahan of Casselton,
N. D., who himself operated a ma
chine gun on one of the tanks. After
prisoners had been taken the three
machines mopped up the machine gun
nests in the region of the battery
and then went on about their business
toward the hills beyond.
Hon Plane Felled.
day. October 31 (by the Associated 1
Press).?A German ? two-seater air- 1
plane crashed into the American lines'
today. The pilot was killed, but the'
observer was uninjured. Officers and
men of the big gun artillery claim
that the German was downed eltber |
by being struck by a gun projectile
or that the plane was damaged by
falling Into vacuum caused by the
Just as one of the guns was flred
the German airmen appeared. The
"^chine immediately crumpled and
fell. The observer was unable to say
what caused the accident. All that he
knew was that the plane suddenly
dropped into space and then turned
upside down and glided to earth.
(Continued from First Page.)
tions which may be made by a com
mission nominated by the allies and
the United States of America.
SIX. All naval alrct-aft are to be
concentrated and impactionised in
Auatro-Hungarian bases to be desig
nated by the allies and United States
of America.
SEVEN. Evacuation of all the Ital
ian coasts and of all ports occupied
by Austria-Hungary outside their na
tional territory and the abandonment
of all floating craft, naval materials,
equipment and materials for inland
navigation of all kinds.
EIGHT. Occupation by the allies
and' the United States of America of
the land and sea fortifications and the
islands which form the defenses and
of the dockyards and arsenal at Pola.
NINE. All merchant vessels held by
Austria-Hungary belonging to the al
lies and associated powers to be re
TEN. No destruction of ships or of
materials to be permitted before evac
uation. surrender or restoration.
ELEVEN. All naval and mercantile
marine prisoners of the allied and as
sociated powers In Austro-Hungarlan
hands to be returned without reci
(Continued from First Page.)
better fed. any way, than the civilian
population, will mean riots and dis
orders if there is no food. And
anarchy in Germany may mean dis
order in the entente countries ad
jacent thereto, for bolshevism is con
Bulgaria already has a council of
workmen In charge, and her king of
a slnrjle month Is gone.
The danger to Europe of bolshevism
is being discussed very widely here,
and In the question of food regula
tion do many people think the solu
tion lies. America has been feeding
the world, has been obeying a con
servation program with patriotio
seal and has been controlling the de
mand by agreeing with the allied
governments as to the price of their
purchases and amounts to be given
them. If this power of regulation
disappears, .men like Herbert Hoover
are wondering what will be the result
for the American householder, whose
cost of living is rising already to un
precedented heights.
The answer to the question of dis
order abroad is in keeping the civilian
populations contented by giving them
enough to eat. Congressional opposi
tion to food regulation has been pro
nounced. Only the persistence of
President Wilson has thus far forced
not only the democrats, but republi
cans to put through drastic regula
As peace approaches a new Congress
will want to get rid of all war-time
regulation. That Is one reason why
Herbert Hoover, a republican, came
out for a democratic Congress to sup
port President Wilson. His republican
Mends questioned his Judgment, b. t,
as the food administrator sees it,
sticking by the President's leadership
In the period Immediately following
the close of the war Is mere Important
to the success of a food program for
the whole world than the political
fortunes of any set of individuals as
such. . .
Washington is a-quiver with excite
ment today as the hour for the de
cision at the: polls draws near. Both
sides are ' confident?they say so, at
any rate. Under the veneer of con
fidence, however, both sides betray
anxiety and concern. There are some
surprises In store. ' Neither side will
get a landslide'. Congress will be con
trolled by narrow majorities. And
public opinion, which has been' po
powerful in keeping republicans and
democrats united during the war. will,
have to N especially assertive In
order . that --reconstruction measures,
eeoeclalty thefood. Question, -may .be
Ived for the benefit of an
rritory today, our troop* have
L through the Bo in De Belval and the ,
>Is DuPort Gerache. and are on the i
November 4 (morning).?Carrying ]
oar attack farther into the ^namy*
^rritory tmAM h? va aim* !
Bob ,
heights tVo kilometers south of Bean- '
inont Further to the west we are
approaching Verrieres. All of the
towns situated on the west bank of
the Meuse south of Halles are now
in our hands. *
.This morning our attack was exw,
tended to the east bank of the Meuse,
where- it -la progressing favorably.
November 3 (evening).?The 1st
American Army continued its success
ful attacks today, capturing in its ad
vance the following villages: Boult,
Aux Bola, Autruche. Beilevllle-sur
Bar," Harr! court. Germ on t, Bar, Authe,
Fooae, Sofnmaathe. Belvae, Nouart, St.
Plerremont, Barricourt, Tailly, Hallea,
Montlgny, Sassey, CbaUUon-sur-Bar.;
and Brleulles-sur-Bar.
Heavy losses have been Inflicted on
the enemy, due to the continnous blows
during the last month and by the sur
prise and force of the renewed attack
on November 1. Statements of prison
ers show that his organizations have
been thrown into great confusion. 8ev-.
erai complete batteries and whole bat-1
talions have been captured by our [
troops. The number of prisoners now
exceeds 5,000 and the number of guns
nfore than 100.
During the last three days we have
already penetrated to a depth of
twelve miles on an eight-mile front,
and gained control of dominating
heights, which enabled us to bring
the lire of our heavy artillery on the
Important railroad lines at Mootmldy.
Longuyon and Conflans.
Since November 1 seventeen Ger
man divisions have been identified on
the front of the attack, nine of which
were in line on that morning: and
additional divisions have reinforced
the line since the beginning of the
attack in a futile effort to stop our
In addition to regulars there were
In this attack divisions composed of
National Army troops from Texas
and Oklahoma; from Kansas. Mis
souri, Colorado and New Mexico;
from New York, from New Jersey,
Maryland, and West Virginia, and from
th* District of Columbia and Virginia.
November 3 (morning).?This morn
ing the 1st Army continued Its at
tack west of the Meuse. The oper
ation is developing satisfactorily
November 2 (evening).?Section A?
A series of raids skillfully carried
out by troops of the 2d Army In
the Woovre resulted In the oapture
of two officers and sixty-three men.
The 1st Army today continued Its
successful advance, overcoming all
resistance. Among the moat Important
towns taken are Champlgnenlles,
Beffu-le-Morthomme, Verpel. Slvry
lez-Buzency, Thenorgues, Briquenay,
Buzancy, Vlllers - devant-Dun and
Clery-le-Petlt. In spite of bad
weather conditions our aviators fly
ing at extremely low altitudes, car
ried out important missions over the
Meuse valley and along the whole
front of attack.
The number of prisoners has risen )
to more than 4,000 men and 192 offi
cers. among whom are four battalion [
commanders with their staffs.
The enemy was forced to abandon
large quantities of material of all
kinds An official count shows that
sixty-three guns of medium and light
calibers, and hundreds of machine
guns have been captured. A Bavarian
battalion of artillery was taken with
its personnel, horsea and material
In the course of the operations in
the past two days south of the river
Lys our troops, acting under the com
mand of the King of the Belgians, ad
vanced nearly ten miles, reaching the
western bank of the Scheldt and cap
turing several hundred prisoners. j
Section B?There is nothing to re- I
port in this Bectlon.
November 4.?At dawn this morn
ing we attacked on a wide front south
of the Scheldt. The attack Is reported
to have been launched satisfactorily.
November 4.?On Italian front: The
10th Army on Sunday reached the line
of yiilotta, Praturlone, the Meduna
river east or Pordenone. St. Quirlno
and Avlano. It has continued its ad
The number of prisoners captured
by this army now is more than M.000.
Of these more than 1,000 have been
taken by the 14th Corps, mounted
troops. The royal air force has pur
sued its operations along the retreat
ing columns.
Yesterday the 10th Army reached the
line of the TagUamento from the neigh
borhood of San Vito to north of San
Phillmbergo. The river has been cross
ed In several places. Among the troops
which effeoted a crossing was the 332d
American Regiment, forming a Dart of
the 61st Italian Division.
The 48th Division has occupied Levlce
(ten miles southwest of Trent). This
division in the last forty-eight hours
! has take.i many thousands of prison
jers, the number which Is estimated to
exceed 20,000. Several hundred guns
also have fallen into its hands.
November 4.?North of the Serre a
French reoonnoltering party pene
trated Into the Pargny wood, from
which 100 prisoners were brought
The activity of the German artil
lery and machine guns was main
tained during the nl^ht on the whole
Alsne front between Rethel and
During the month of October in
the course of incessant Jghtlng in
which the 1st Army was engaged on
the Oise front it took 10,387 prison
ers,' of whom 204 were officers, and
captured 113 cannon, besides 1.500
machine guns and considerable ma
November 3 (night).?The whole
front Is moving forward. Between
the Astico and Tonale the formidable
Austrian lines have been passed by
Italian advance guards. The 7th
Army . is ? descending from Tonale Into
the Vermiglio valley and ascending
the hollow of Giudl^.rle and crossing
the ridge from Monie Pari to the Rtva
basin. The 1st Army is advancing
from the slopes of Monte Altissimo
and from Mori toward Riva.
Mori was defended by hostile rear
guards for a long time, but the enemy
was overcome in house-to-houae fight
: ing. An assault detachment and an
Alpini group broke, in a rapid and
l brilliant attack, the enemy barrier
fortifications in the Lagarrina valley
in the neighborhood of Mori and
< launched an attack on the left bank
; of the Adige. They entered Rovereto,
I capturing several hundred prisoners
: and decldingvthe fate of the detach
ments which hjul defended Valaraa to
.the last. The forces retiring from
the PPasubio and from Oolaanto are be
ing hard pressed.
Squadrons have been launched to
ward Trent. Bersagllerl have carried
Griso and broken the defenses In the
Passo Delia Borcola. opening the Ter
ra gnolo valley. Other columns are
' penetrating the mountains between
: the Poslna and Astico valleys. Monte
i Cunpomolon and Monte Verena I
' (northeast of Aalago) have been
on both flanks in the Val Asaa our
troops are advancing on Galdonaxzo
by way of Eatrladeltermine and
Monte Rovere. The Uxylno basin *-**
been occupied. In the Sugana valley
between Ospedaletto and Castelnuovo
the resistance of a large infantry de
tachment has been broken.
So that the advance may go quickly,
the gathering together of artillery
abandoned by the Austrians and ma
chine guns-left behind in caverns and'
trenches Is being neglected
In the regions of Feltre'and Bel
luno three hostile centers of re
sistance were still active yesterday
evening. These points were at Ponte
Delia Serra, in the mountains north
west of Pedavena, and north of Mis, in
the Oordevole valley. Italians sent
to encircle these groups of resistance
are reaching.their oBJectlvea
Since the evening of November 1.
having overcome the- resistance of
McHeuna and assault detachments
supported ty,numerous batteries, di
visions of 'the cavalry corps have
crossed ' the Uvenza and occupied
Pordenone. Having overcome bitter
resistance at Castel D'Avlano, San
Martlno.' San Quirlno and Rovere do In
Piano aad at Cordenona, they have
reached .ths Taxlamento from Pin
Ptnzanoii Pe?U Di Casarsa (a front
of fifteen mges) aad crossed -It at sev
enemy offers resist
pared at Bonsl Eco and the bridges at
Genoese cavalry ha* art zed the
bridge over the Ldvensa at Flaschette.
The Salurao cavalry regiment.
Charred, surrounded and destroyed
raemy, infantry and artillery west of
Taurlno. Three hundred prisoners,
mostly wounded, remained in the
nana* or the cavalry. Savoy cavalry
and Montebello Lancers penetrated by
tores of arms into San Plllmbergo
Tagrlianocnto), capturing
prisons?, runs, a large quantity of
and a train
laden with supplies.
The 10th Army has reached the Tag
liamento, where troops of the id
Army are about to arrive.
November I.?After the capture of
Belgrade, the Germans and Austrians,
beaten# retired to the north bank of
the Danube. The 2d Serbian Army
has reached the Bosnian frontier. Ser
bia has almost in its entirety been
freed from the enemy.
which decided this (rreat
September 15. From
i! j ' "ne of communication on
the vardar was cut. Uskup was cap
?in *5" 2'th. The dislocation of
_ ?? . ??rl4n force? was followed by
capitulation, and on the SOth hostili
ties came to an end.
was continued by the
Jwv Austro-German troops. On
12 the battle at Nish was
3iSfJ? y jth? rout of four enemy
divisions and the rupture of the great
f_fry . communication of the cen
empires In the direction of Con
p *? ?n the I9th Lom Pa
w" reached and the Danube
roads cut. Then came the last epl
h^kTT- . e was taken by the 1st
~rmy, to which was given the
_onor ""terlng the capital. This
ticipated in all the fighting,
marching without cease and without
?^K~if ?;SJn,J.cont*rt wlt?> ^e en
11 held by the throat very
2i #5.i y provisioned, but knowing
????? and no hunger. It pushed
any PH? y WlU t0 con?ue'- *t
t^tbJLir. ?"} tle alI'e?l troops made
effort? to bring to a
successful conclusion the task confld
enemy crushing the common
November S.?in Flanders we have
withdrawn our troops who were on
the Lys at the junction of our front
with the Scheldt, on Ghent. Thero
waa no lighting contact with the
enemy here yesterday.
o'jear and south of Valenciennes the
British continued their violent at
tacka. They pressed us back to Sauln
tain during the morning and again
established themselves in Preseau.
Villers-Pol was held against re
peated attacks.
Attacks east of Valenciennes were
renewed in the afternoon, but failed.
West of Landrecies we repulsed par
tial attacks. West of Guise a partial
attack failed.
The French did not continue their
great attack yesterday. They restrict
ed themselves to partial attacks east
of Banogne and near Terron, which
were repulsed.
A break in our front by the Ameri
cans west of the Meuse caused us to
withdraw our front between the Aisne
and Champigneulle.
.On the line of Quartre-Champs and
Buzancy forefleld engagements devel
oped. Yesterday we gained some
ground near Tallly and beyond
Justice of Peace Moffat, at
I Hyattsville, Will Hear
Fatality Witnesses.
Justice of the Peace Moffat has made
arrangements for the holding of an in
quest at Hyattsville. Prince Georges
county. Md.. at 8 o'clock this evening
to fix responsibility for the killing
of Capt. Phillips Brooks Robinson. V.
S M. C., and Mrs. May Padgett Satur
day night, when an automobile in
which they were riding was struck by
a Baltimore and Ohio fast train.
The hearing will be held in the office
of Deputy Sheriff Thomas Garrison.
Constable Harvey Smith, who arrested
Edward Kite, gateman at the cross
ly. probably will be an important
Arrangements for Funeral.
Capt. Robinson's body was brought
to this city yesterday and taken to
Scott's undertaking establishment,
where It will remain until It Is taken
to St. John's Church tomorrow.
Funeral services will be conducted In
the church at 2 o'clock In the after
noon. and interment will be at Ar
Capt. Robinson's wife, Mrs. Gertrude
Gheen Robinson, came here from her
home in New York yesterday to at
tend the funeral, and his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Edward Robinson, also resi
dents of New York, will attend.
Mrs. Padgett's body has been pre
pared fo- b -la' .-><1 at "" -i
dertaklng establishment. Hyattsville.
; where It was taken shortly after the
accident occurred. It was said at the
! undertaking establishment today that
final arrangements for the funeral had
not been completed.
Residents of Hyattvllle and vieinltv.
aroused by the double fatalitv, will
renew efforts to rid their section of
the dangerous grade crossing. M&nv
of them visited the scene of the acci
dent yesterday and recalled numerous
other accidents that have occurred
there in recent years. Only two years
ago a double fatality, similar to that
of Saturday night, occurred on the
crossing, and at that time an effort
was made to obliterate the crossing
from the prosperous Maryland town.
Governor Vetoed Keasnre.
At the last session of the legisla
ture. it la stated, a measure designed
to relieve the dangerous conditions
was passed, but was vetoed by the
governor. That measure. It is stated
provided for shortening the Washing
ton-Baltimore boulevard and divert
ing travel along the line of the electrie
road to Rhode Island avenue. The
change would ha\-e prevented the ac
cident Saturday night, as it would not
I have been necessary to cross the steam
' railroad tracks.
Proposed Zone Freight Charge* Are
of Vital Importance.
State railroad and public utilities
commissions are to undertake im
mediately a study of the proposed new
jsone system of class freight rates,
worked out by the railroad adminis
tration, with a view to making reoora
j mendation to the Interstate Commerce
Commission, it was announced today
| by the National Association of Raii
j way and Utilities Commissioners.
I The standard scale proposed by the
'railroad administration, said an an
nouncement of the association, "will
eliminate all state class rates as well
as all present interstate class rates
and may vitally affect commodity
rates. The Interstate Commerce Com
mission has not yet derided uport '
course of procedure for the investi**.
Uoa of these lata*" ^

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