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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 05, 1918, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair tonight and tomorrow; not
much change In temperature.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending 2 p.m. today! Highest, 65, at
1:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 47, at t
a_ra. today;
Full report on page 19*
No. 27,223. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1918 ?TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS.
Yesterday's Net Gradation, 109,859
FOCHWILLTAKE
TERMS OF ALUES
TO HUN IN FIELD
?i
Diplomatic Channels Will Be
Avoided, Officials Here
Believe.
ARMISTICE IS HELD AS
MILITARY PROPOSITION
Cermany, Facing Invasion, Is Ex
pected to Bow to Inevitable
and Surrender.
Itj tie Associated Pren.
LONDOV, November 5. via Mon
treal.?In sending the news that
the allies have osreed on the ar
iqlstice conditions tor Germany,
the Times Paris correspondent
nays that the allied successes on
the French front leave little
donbt of Germany's acceptance.
LONDON, November 5, via Mon
trenl.?The allies have decided
that Cermany mast apply to
.Marshal Foch, the allied com
mander-in-chief, for aa armistice,
Premier Lloyd George stated in the
house of commons tc4ny.
What will they do with itt
This is what officialdom here is ask
ing today about the schedule of terms
of armistice submitted to the Germans,
proceeding upon the assumption that
it means in effcct unconditional sur
render by the Teuton military com
manders. That assumption is en
eo;: raged in all authoritative quarters,
deduced from analysis of the condi
tions imposed upon Austria-Hungary.
In the absence of explicit state
ments as to the procedure adopted in
? ommunicating the terms to Germany,
it Is thought here that the allied com
inander-in-chlef. Marshal Foch, is
placing the demands drawn up by the
interallied war council directly before
the Herman high command, avoiding
diplomatic channels.
Will Be Following Precedent.
If that is what is being done it will
be following the precedent first set in
the case of Bulgaria and last in the
Austrian negotiations. It is said that
in going directly to the military com
manders there would be the advantage
o* not having to deal with the gov
ernment of Germany, whatever the
?present form of government may be In
control there. The allies are sus
picious of any form of German gov
ernment just at present.
The main consideration is thought
to be. however, that an armistice is
strictly a military proposition, a
transaction between opponents in the
field, to be settled on the spot. The
general feeling In official quarters
today was that probably the first de
tailed report of the terms of the
armistice will be made public coin
cident with announcement that Ger
many has or lias not accepted them.
orticials here found It difficult to
day to see how Germany can well
refuse to accept, and determine to
tlcht on to an end which Is inevitable
n nd would be attended with added
'".rrors of war. It was thought that
i!>? two main points of the problemat
ic armistice which Germany would
' ril hardest to agree to might be
:: surrender or dismantling of her
v v and withdrawal of her armed
i.> ? es to a line well east of the Ger
i i. frontier. If Germany can ac
t >ro such terms, it is felt that
t'.i other stipulations would present
ii.. bar lo yielding.
Knows Horrors of Invasion.
A powerful argument which, it Is be
lieved. will make for Germany's ac
ceptance is found in the fear, thought
to be entertained along the entire Ger
man frontier, that invasion by land,
urd especially by air, with consequent
destruction of property and loss of
Cerman lives, is imminent. No German
living anywhera near the frontier is
likely to be at a loss to appreciate
?? li.it the horrors of invasion would
mean, having seen what befell Bel
pmm and northern Vrance. and well
:?'.!(* to understand that the invaders
....id probably be animated by a
1 r'linc spirit of revenge.
?':;icials were at a loss to under
f!.-;nl hew Germany ran hope to con
i" uie military resistance after what
1 . befallen her allies, with the
v- :: .ning of her military strength
l ' the Austrian defection. That
i ? ins that Germany ran get lio oil
f**"!ri the Balkans and no gasoline:
that she will have no naval bases in
t i. Mediterranean: that the naval
fc;i<ngtli of her enemies h%s been ma
1. ially increased by the actual add
ing of warships.
And back of all stands the dreaded
?specter of famine, the cutting off of
food supplies from Austria and the
Balkans and even from the Ukraine,
clicht as that source was, for it Is
certain that with continuation of hos
tilities the allies will isolate the
Ukraine from Germany.
Moreover, unless cessation of hos
tilities commences at once, there is
j'. urance that strong military opera
tions will be commenced against Ger
many from the south. The Danube is
?ipen. the railways and roads of Aus
tria are free to be used by the allies
:-n?l there are no fortifications of
. onsequenoe on Germany's southern
border.
Allies' Agreement on Terms.
The State Department had nothing
t' day to add to Secretary Lansing's
statement last night that the allied
council at Paris had reached an
agreement on the terms of armistice
to be offered. The announcement of
fcx-retary Lansing follows:
According to an official report
received this evening the terms of
the armistice to be offered to Ger
many have Just been agreed to
unanimously and signed by the
representatives of the allies and
the United States in Paris. The
report further states that diplo
matic unity has been completely
achieved under conditions of Ut
most harmony.
ELECTION DAY SESSION
OF SENATE TWO MINUSES
T'-.e election day session of the
S?- ate was attended by only six sen
ators?four democrats and two re
publicans. N
The republicans refused to consent
to an adjournment for three dsn.
Ho. on motion of Senator Boke Smith,
the Senate adjourned until tomorrow,
having been in session not more than
Army Breaking Up, Prison
Camps Abandoned, More
Bloodshed Feared.
JOY OVER ARMISTICE
Dj the Associated Press.
AMSTERDAM, Monday, November 4.
?The state council at Vienna has is
sued an appeal to the German people
of Austria, in which it is declared the
country is in danger and the army
breaking up in disorder. The appeal
exhorts the soldiers voluntarily to
join the German-Austrian Army
Corps.
The appeal points out that Germans
from non-German districts are going
home, while German soldiers, obvious
ly tired from the long duration of the
war, are leaving theif units without
considering that the irregular demob
ilization - "brings the danger of wide
spread unemployment, hunger and
misery." The prison camps are be
ing abandoned by their guards, the
council adds, and Italians, Russians
and Serbians are leaving the camps
and flooding the country.
"This danger." the appeal declares,
"must be countered if fresh bloodshed
is not to threaten our severely tried
people and tens of thousands of men,
women and children perish with hun
ger."
Vienna Wild With Joy. '
GENEVA. November 4 (by the As
sociated Press).?Vienna was de
lirious with joy when it was learned
that an armistice^ias been declared.
The streets were soon crowded with
men and women and children, crying
and embracing each other.
The general opinion ia that food
will follow peace.
The report that Emperor Charles ]
had abdicated aroused little interest.
The Austrian press is attempting to
calm the population, emphasizing the
fact that the armistice terms are of a
most severe nature and involve great
sacrifices to the empire and the peo
ple.
Court Dissolution Impends.
AMSTERDAM, November 4.?Ad
vices have been received from
Vienna of the impending dissolution
of the court and the discharge of the
guards, in accordance with events
which have transpired.
meatbDyeraided
BY POSTED PRICES
Butcher Forced to Adhere to
Blackboard Quotation When
Protest Made.
Improvement In the retail selling of
fresh meats in Washington, about
which there has been considerable
complaint by housekeepers during the
past year, already has been noted by
the District Food Administration
since the inauguration of its plan of
posting prices prominently in tne
stores handling meats.
One prominent butcher in a local
market was caught yesterday in an
attempt to charge a young housewife
considerably more for a certain cut
of meat than the price posted by him
on the large official blackboard fur
nished by the food administration. The
cut of meat in question was quoted on
this merchant's blackboard at 48 cents
a pound, but when he handed the
wrapped article to the customer the
dealer asked a price considerably in
excess of that amount.
Tries to Dodge Issue.
When the young lady protested, say
ing that the price he asked did not
tally with the price quoted on his
board, he quickly and pleasantly ex
plained that what he was selling her
was a "special and exceptionally
choice cut."
Without further argument the young
woman took her grievance to the food
administration and Max Oppenlieimer,
the meat expert, who was recently
placed in charge of the meat division
of the administration, visited the
butcher. After satisfying himself as
to the facts he made the latter sell the
meat in question at the price quoted
on his board, and, incidentally, he em
phatically impressed upon the butoher
the administration's wishes and re
quirements in the matter.
He told the dealer that the prices to
be posted on the blackboards are In
tended to be maximum prices and
that all quotations on the boards will
be construed as such; also that no
dealer will be permitted to charge In
excess of prices quoted on the boards.
?
Snows the Meat Business.
Mr. Oppenheimer Is a native of
Washington, where for a number of
years he was in the meat business.
For the past year he has been con
nected In an official capacity with the
enforcements division of the United
States Food Administration. He has
been lent to the District adminis
tration to organize and supervise its
meat division. Mr. Oppenheimer's
knowledge of the meat industry is
most profound, scientific as well as
practical, and it is expected that his
services will be of exceptional value
to the citizens of Washington.
DOES BIO TTmngr BPSfflBBS.
Chicago's Consolidated Office Sells
Over 2,000 Opening Bay.
CHICAGO, November 5.?More than
2.000 railroad tickets were sold, it
waa stated today, as the reenlt of
the first day's business of the con
solidated ticket office established by
the United States Railway Adminis
tration and opened to the public yes
terday.
The office is In two parts, one
handling the railroads east and south
and the other the western business.
Fourteen lines are represented in the
east-south office and eight roads in
the western. There are 163 employes
in the double office.
G. C Clark, manager of the east
aouth office, stated today he expected
to do a business of $10,000,000 annual
ly. end La. H. MeCbrmiek. manager ef
the weetern office, estimated that his
department would take in at least
ia.ooa.ynk
VOTERS REPLYING
I
Rush to Polls Heavy in Some
States?Apathy in
Others.
MILLION WOMEN MAY
CAST BALLOT IN NEW YORK
Great Interest in Miohigan and J
Illinois Senatorship
Contests.
By the Associated Prew. , I
NEW YORK. November 5.?New
York state's Brat election day on
which women were permitted to vote
began with unfavorable weather In
many sections. Reports from some
cities upstate indicated, however, as
that in New York, the low tempera
tures and gray skies were not deter
ring the women from exercising their
franchise in large numbers.
Observers in New York city*, taking
into account the earfy rush for the
polls here, combined with similar re
ports from other cities, expressed
opinion that few of the estimated
1,000,000 women registered would fail
to cast ballots.
The republican and democratic state
tickets are headed respectively by
' Charles S. Whitman, governor, and
Alfred E. Smith, president of the
board of aldermen here, and there are
forty-three representatives to be
elected to Congress, with socialists
having candidates in twenty-three of
the districts. There is no United
States senatorial contest. The regis
tration totals 2,821.778, Including a
soldier vote of 40,000.
' Heavy Vote Is Forecast.
i While in some of the districts in New
York city there was a decided falling
off in the forenoon voting as compared
with previous years, tha polling gen
erally seemed to forecast a heavy vote,
attracted both by President Wilson's ap
peal for support for the democratic con
gressional candidates, and by Mr. Smith's
attack on Gov. Whitman's administra
tion, together with the governor's cam
paign utterances declaring the chief
state issue to be whether Tammany was
to control the state through Mr. Smith's
election. In some of the districts' hero
the majority of tha voters appearing at
tha poll# early were w6men.
Early Vote Light in Quaker City.
PHILADELPHIA, November 5.?Gen
erally favorable election weather pre
vails throughout Pennsylvania. The
voting was light early in the day. but it
was hoped that interest in the congres
sional contests would have the effect of
bringing out a full vote before the close
tonight. .. .
Senator Penrose, republican leader,
predicted that William C. Sproul, for
governor, will have 200,000 plurality and
that the republicans will elect thirty
i four of the thirty-six representatives to
be chosen.
Voting In Other States.
WILMINGTON, Del/. November 5.?
The vote at today's election in Dela
ware is close. While indications point
to the re-election of Senator Willard
Saulsbury and Representative Albert F.
Polk, democrats, this is by no means
certain. The republicans will likely
elect their state ticket. The governor
holds over.
BALTIMOE. November 5.?Early re
ports of the congressional election.in
Baltimore showed that a light vote
was being cast. Weather fair and
cool. As the forenoon advanced, how
ever, the voting rapidly increased and
by midday the indications pointed to a
heavy vote for an "off year."
The sections of the state heard
front reported a light vote.
CHARLESTON, W. Va., November 6.
Although the campaign just closed
was the quietest ever held in this
state, a fairly heavy vote is expected
today in the general election in West
Virginia. Leaders both claimed their
candidates, Maj. Davis Elkins. repub
lican, and CoL Clarence W. Watson,
democratic nominee for United States
Senate, would win by majorities of
20 000. Besides six representatives in
the House to be elected,, little interest
is being shown in the sfate ticket.
Apathetic in South.
ATLANTA. Ga.. November 5.?The
election in the south today promised
to be apathetic exccpt in a few con
gressional districts, where indica
tions point to republican strength.
The sharpest contests have been
waged in the second Tennessee dis
trict. the third, fifth and tenth North
Carolina districts and the seventh
and ninth Georgia districts. Vir
ginia for the first time In history will
have no contest The strong repub
1 lican district?the ninth?will elect j
a republican representative without
opposition. In the otber districts,
the republicans did not nominate
candidates.
Democratic candidates for the
Senate are opposed by republicans
in Tennessee, North Carolina and
Georgia, but in all three the demo
cratic nomination has been generally
I considered equivalent to election and
the campaigns have aroused little
i interest.
Governors are to be elected in many
I southern states, but in only a few is
there important legislation to be
voted on.
Gov. Charles M. Brough is the only
democratic candidate who has opposi
tion in the election In Arkansas, and
his friends are predicting a large
majority for him over Clay Fulks, <he
socialist candidate for governor.
In ticst in Georgia centered in the
last-minute opposition of republicans,
who put three congressional candi
dates In the field. G. H. Williams of
Dublin, after being Sleeted as a demo
over the administration's handling of
the cotton situation, and was etaosen
by a republican state oonventloo to
ooDOse W. J. Harris, democratic
nominee for United States senator.
Republicans are running for the low
er house from the seventh and ninth
districts. The republican vote in
Georgia is normally negligible, and
usually democrats are unopposed.
Interest Tense in Ohio.
COLUMBUS. Ohio, November 6.?Vot
ing for congressmen, governor, state
and county officers, electors of Ohio
tcday are answering, yes or no.
President Wilson's appearfor support
of the administration. Held to vir
tually no speech-making because of
the Influenza epidemic, candidates of
both parties conducting vigorous
election sinoe that of IMi.
Former<3ov. Frank B. wtills, repub
IT
Figure on Election Landslide
Today?Republicans
Equally Confident.
MANY OFFICES AT STAKE
The American people today are cast
ing ballots for members of the House
of Representatives and for thirty-nine
senators, some of whom are to serve
Qnly short te ms. They are electing
governors in thiityrone states, and
state officers. ,of. all kinds and descrip
tions.
The Interest in the election was
raised to a fever heat recently when
Fresident Wilson issued his appeal to
the voters to return a democratic
Congress. Republicans resented -what
they termed an implied slur upon their
patriotism. The effect of the Presi
dent's appeal has been widely dis
cussed; in some quarters it has been
claimed that it will bring about a
democratic landslide, and In others the
opinion has been expressed that the
appeal has solidified the republican
voters aa has nothing else sincee the
war began.
Generally Fair Weather.
Generally fair weather prevailed
throughout the country today for the
election. There was light rain in
southern New England and alone the
New York roast and showers in North
Dakota and light snow in the moun
tain regions of Wyoming and Mon
tana. Elsewhere there were bright
skieS.
Called Victory for President.
The news of the armistice signed by
Austria, taking that country out of
the war and rendering her helpless,
aroused great enthusiasm in this
country, and the democrats imme
diately issued claims that this was an
other victory for President Wilson
Today followed the report that the
allies had agreed on armistice terons
to be -handed to Germany, and that
they amounted to unconditional sur
"in^view of this news, the democrats
insist that there is no doubt that their
party will be successful in the elec
t!On8 the*other hand, the republican ,
leaders have continued to express
their confidence that their candidates
will win and that the House will be 1
republican by a safe majority, an#
that the democratic lead in the Sen
ate, if not wiped out, will be consid
erably reduced.
Beal Fight Is Indicated.
How close is the contest for control
?f Congress is apparent from the
present line-up to the House and Sen
ate. The membership of the House
now Js: Democrats. 215; republicans,
209; progressives, 2; independents 2;
prohibitionist. 1; socialist, 1; five
seats vacant. Total, 436.
There are 52 democrats and 44 re
publicans now in the Senate.
The principal democratic argument
of the campaign had been that Presi
dent Wilson should have a Congress
of his own political faith to insure co
operation. This the republican spokes- i
men have opposed with the argument
that republicans in Congress have loy-,
ally supported administration meas- j
ures needful for the war, and that re- j
publicans should be elected to deal j
with important after-the-war recon
struction problems. ?
In today's balloting, particularly in
the southern states, where democratic
nomination is equivalent to election,
the elections really are formal rati
fications of nominations already made.
About 100 democratic and thirty re
publican candidates for the House and
a dozen democratic candidates for the
Senate already are virtually elected.
The latter include Senators Bankhead
of Alabama, Robinson of Arkansas,
Ransdell, of Louisiana, Simmons of
North Carolina, Sheppard of Texas
and Martin of Virginia.
Also In the same status are W. 3.
Harris, nominated to succeed Senator
Hardwiok of Georgia; Rrpreseotativ?
Pat Harrison, nominated to succeed
Senator VardasMtn of Mississippi; Ed
ward J. Gay of Louisiana, for the un
expired term of the late Senator
Broussard, and N. B. Dial and W. P.
Pollock of South Carolina, for the
long and short terms, respectively,
for the seat held by the late Senator
Tillman. .
All of these are without republican
opponents except Senator Simmons.
Virtually all the democratic candi
dates for the House tn the southern
states and also a soot* of republican
candidates in northern and westers
states ar* without opposition. Con
teats tn piany other congressional and
^Continued on J?wms?n|fe
JS".
Son of Former Secretary to
the Commissioners
Wounded in Battle.
THANKSGIVING DINNER,
HOME PRODUCTS ONLY
Home products only on the Thanks
giving dinner table this year.
This is the program of the food ad
ministration. Hotels, restaurants and
other eating places have been asked
u save transportation by using only
Sod prod?3d locally. An appealto
households to observe the same ml*
jgftt iMWl .tfldaz*. _ ?? y
LIECT. PHIL.II* T1SDA11.
Lieut. Philip Tindall, son of Dr. Wil
liam Tindall, author of a history of the
District of Columbia, and for many
years secretary to the board of District
Commissioners, lias been wounded In
France, while leading his command,
Company K, 126th Infantry, 32d Divi
sion, during the fighting in the Ar
gonne region, north of Verdun.
The injury is not serious. The
young officer expects to be again with
his command in a few weeks.
A letter to his father contains an
account of the circumstances under
which he was struck by a piece of
shell.
"I am in a hospital with a wound
In my shoulder from a piece of seven
ty-seven high-explosive shell, received
October 1, in the Argonne region,"
writes Lieut. Tindall.
"My company, in trying to advance
upon a town, encountered a heavy
barrage. Soon after I was struck we
came to a sunken road which lay
across our path, in which we stayed
and dug little caves under the bank,
which was all that saved us from an
nihilation.
"I was struck about 3:15 in the
afternoon, but kept with the company
all night, and was relieved and went
back to the' first-aid station during
the next morning. I went part of
the way afoot, partly by ambulance,
parti v by truck, and then by railway
until"I reached a base hospital, where
I was put under the influence of ether
and an operation performed upon my
shoulder on ,the 4th. I was sent
from the hospital about noon of the
6th and readied here on the night
of the 8th, about 7:30 o clock, after
a thirty-two-hour ride in a French
hospital train, which was no dream
of bliss, notwithstanding we had all
American attendants.
Hopes Soon to Be Out.
"It seems pretty nice here. I hope
to be walking around in a few days.
I don't know how long I shall be laid
utx but I imagine that it will be a
couple of months, as the Piece of
shell took quite a chunk (about three
inches in diameter) out of my shoul-.
der I don't know whether the bone
was laid bare, but, at any rate, it
was not broken. I am still confined
to bed. as I am pretty weak.
"If It seems to the people back home
thp Arponne offensive ought to
S. faster, they should consider the
difficulty of the'terrain and the scar
city of passable roads land of rail
roads. The advance Is acrosa a series
nfateeo hills and valleys. There are
no railroads in the immediate terri
tory, norfor a long distance in the
rear The roads are mei?ly country
roads- not the magnificent highways
found generally throughout France.
It took us all night and a gTeat part
of the next forenoon to go about fo?r
miles. Hence the people at home must
not watch the map too eagerly, won
dering why the line doesn t advance
more rapidly."
SAmOLHOUSE
Intimates Allies Follow Presi
dent's 14 Points in Fram
ing Hun Terms.
MEANS DICTATED PEACE
BT DAVID JjAY- HENCE.
(Copyright, 1918. by New York Even
ing? Post, Inc.)
"Complete diplomatic unity has been
I achieved," was the message -which Col.
House flashed to President Wilson last
Tiight. and in those words may be read
Kie acceptance by the allies ot the
famous fourteen principles of January
8 last as a basis for peace discussion
with the German people.
These principles permit of practical
application in ways that accord with
the national desires of the co-bellig
erents of the United States and noth
ing perhaps contributed more rapidly
to the achievement of complete diplo
matic unity than the personal expla
nation by Col. House of the fact that
the President of the United States
means to have those fourteen articles
considered as principles, which hav
ing already been accepted by the
enemy, permit the allies to apply the
details by common agreement among
themselves.
Favors Dictated Pea'ce.
In other words, although there has
Ibeen much misunderstanding in the
last three weeks, due, perhaps, to
the excessive zeal of both sides in
our congressional campaign, the
President has been in favor of an
absolute surrender and a dictated
peace. Only Mr. Wilson referred in
his last note to Germany to terms
of armistice which woiuld maintain
the "military supremacy of the
allies," and in speaking of pea^e
terms assiumsd the acceptance by
Germany of general principles, and
notified Germany, in effect, of the
fact that she would have to accept
the application which the allies would
insist upon. Indeed, as the allies,
will have reduced Germany to im
potence by the terms of the armistice,
the only weapon Germany will have
at her disposal, if extreme proposals
are suggested such as would only
breed another war in due time, is an
appeal to the conscience of the allies.
But the announcement of the;
achievement of diplomatic unity is
taken here to mean that a method has |
' been discovered of presenting a united
i front to Germany so that as she re
I ceives the drastic armistice terms
simultaneously will she learn that the
entente and the United States axe not
divided, but absolutely agreed on a
j program of peace with justice.
At Mercy of Allies.
With Turkey, Bulgaria and Austria
Hungary out of the wary and the peo
ple of Vienna already In ecstasies
over the prospect ?f getting food, the
German people will find that they are
indeed at the mercy of the allies.
"Unconditional surrender" and dic
tated peace" are phrases which Mr. Wil
son did not use, believing that in his
diplomatic correspondence he should not]
employe language that would stiffen the
enemy's resistance and enable the mili
tarists to rally the German people
by appeals to their sense of national
honor and pride.
I The President's friends have main
! tained throughout, however, that he
was for terms tantamount to uncon
ditional surrender, and the White
House at the same time that the last
note was dispatched to Germany
called attention to the fact that the
terms of armistice would be drawn
up by Marshal Foch Gens. Haig Per
shing and Diaz, and emphasized the
language of this paragraph:
?"The President deems it his duty to
say again, however, that the only
armistice he would feel Justified n
submitting for consideration would
bf^e which should leave the United
nta.tes and the powers associated with
her In a position to enforce any ar
rangements that may be entered into
and to make a renewal of hostilities
on the part of Germany Impossible.
Guess as to Terms.
So while Secretary Lansing was un
able today to discuss the details of the
armistice terms, while correspondents
^re permitted merely to assume that
the President's fourteen principles had
been accepted as a basis by the allied
governments, nevertheless there was
IS al?of complete satisfaction in gov
ernment circles over the outcome of
the momentous conferences ln Paris
Officials pointed to the events of the
last twenty-four hours as a vindica
tion of the government ? position in
recognizing that Germany warf tryine
^ t^surrendar mud in affording the
machinery for such a surrender toy the
an tUeamA MM .77
200-MILE BA TTLE
LINE IS AFLAME
ALLIES ADVANCING
Americans Cross Mettse, Cap
turing Pouilly?Steadily
Pushing Northward
HAIG SEIZES LE QUESNOY;
FRENCH GAIN GENERALLY
By the Associated Press.
From the Dutch frontier to east of the Meuse the 200-mile
battle line is aflame today as the British, French, Americans and
Belgians crush the resistance of the enemy and push on for im
portant gains.
Everywhere on the long line the allies are progressing, and on
the French sectors between the Oise ajid the Aisne the Germans
are withdrawing on Marie and Montcornet.
American troops on a front of fifteen miles along the Meuse
fr6m Brieulles northward to Pouilly are successfully forcing their
way across the river. At Brieulles th$ river has been crossed in
bitter fighting and the Americans also have reached the east bank
at Clery-le-Petit. Where the Meuse curves in the region of
Pouilly the Americans have crossed the river and taken the village
of Pouilly, after driving the enemy from the Jaulnay wood.
Germans Outflanked.
The Americans on the west bank of
the Meuse north of Stenay are within
four miles of the German main com
munication line from Sedan to Metz
at a point northwest of Chauvenoy.
The successful crossing of the Meuse
outflanks the German positions east
of the Meuse toward the Moselle
which protect the important Briey
iron fields and important railroad and
supply lines in the regions of Mont
medy and Conflans.
?>m the Meuse west to the Aisne
Americans and French maintain
their pressure against the Germans
defending the Mezieres-Sedan railway
line, ten miles to the north.
Hal? Takes Le Quesnoy.
Field Marshal Haig has "taken the
strong point of Le Quesnoy and is
pressing on Maubeuge, while the
Americans are fighting their way
across the Meuse southwest of the
railroad center of Montmedy.
In the region north and south of
Valenciennes the British continue the
succcssful push begun Monday.
Southeast of Valenciennes the Brit
ish are within ten miles of Mau
beuge and farther south rapidly are
pushing their way through the Mor
mal forest, where they are four miles
lrom the railroad Junction of Aul
noye.
South of the Mormal forest the
British and French are pressing east
ward over virtually level ground to
ward Avesnes.
. Progress of French.
From the Oise to the Aisne at Cha
teau Porcien the French maintain
close contact with the enemy, who is
moving reafward as a result of the
French successes of the last few
days. South of Guise the French 1st
Army is advancing northeastward
.between the Peron and the Berrr.
Farther east the French have pene
trated the formidable Hunding line1,
making an advance of one mile on ;i
front of five miles on the western
wing of the forward movement. Con
tinuation of the advance here soon
will cotnpel the Germans to give i:[>
the line of the Aisne cast and west
of Hethel, to which they have clung
so stubbornly.
AMERICANS CROSS- THE MEUSE;
POUILLY WRESTED FROM ENEMY
I
By the Associated Press.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON
THE SEDAN FRONT. November 5,
1:15 p.m.?Bitter fighting Is taking
place today along the Meuse river.
American patrols again have succeed
ed in crossing the river at Brieulles
on a pontoon bridge constructed un
der fire.
At other points along the front the
Americans were reconnoitering other
crossings.
The Germans have blown up the
bridge across the Meuse between I-a
neuville, on the west bank, and the
important town of Stenay. on the east
bank.
The town of Poutlly. in the bend of
the Meuse northwest of Stenay, was
captured by the Americans operating
west of the Meuse. The west bank of
the river now is held in its entirety
as far north as Pouilly.
The troops which crossed to the east
bank of th? Meuse found their ad
vance opposed by bitter machine ^tin
and artillery fire. This was overcome.
however, and the Americans are mak
ing- steady progress.
The village of Beaumont, directly
west of Pouilly, has been taken by
1 hf forces which advanced from the
heights which they held b?;lo\v th-;
town. The important town of Stenay,
across the Heuss to the southeast, U
now half surrounded.
The Americans early today bewail
clearing out Jaulnay wood, in ih?>
bend of the Mouse southeast of Pouil
ly, and this afternoon the wood was
in their possession.
After the pontoon bridge at Brieulles
had been constructed tho Americans
threw a second bridge .across the
Meuse at Clery-le-Petit and began de
veloping a new line on the heavily
wooded and very difficult ground east
of the river between Olery and
Brieulles, a two-and-one-lialf-milo
front.
124 GERMAN AIRPLANES DOWNED
BY AMERICANS IN THREE DAYS
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON
THE SEDAN FRONT, November 4.?
Since the resumption of thf American
offensive on this front the Americans
have brought down, in three days, 124
German airplanes. The Americans
have lost twenty-nine machines.
In aerial fighting today between
American and enemy machines, thirty
Gorman airplanes wore brought flow n
and three balloons destroyed. Seven
of the American planes are missing.
Montmedy was bombed by a squard
ron of forty-five planes which were
protected by 100 pursuit planes this
afternoon. Excellent results were on
tained on the heavy enemy traffic be
hind the line.
LE QUESNOY IN HAIG'S HANDS;
BRITISH GAIN ON 30-MILE FRONT
By the Associated Pree?.
LONDON, November 6. ? British
troops in their offensive southeast of
Valenciennes have captured the forti
fied town of Le Quesnoy, after having
completely surrounded it. Field Mar
shal Haig announced today. The entire
garrison of more than 1,000 men was
taken with the citadel.
Rapid progress has been made by
British divisions east of Le Quesnoy.
where an advance of betwe?n three
and four miles has been scored. The
villages of Jolimetz. Lerond Quesne,
Frasnoy and Le Petit Harais have
been captured.
Further ground has been gained in
Nornal forest. The village of Eth,
five miles southeast of Valenciennes,
baa bfeen taken.
LONDON, November 4.?Breaking
deply Into the enemy positions alone
a thirty-mile front today, the British
captured more than 10,009 prisoners
and 200 guns. Field Marshal Haig re
ports tonight.
The British attack today was mad
by the 3d and 4th armies on a front
i from Valenciennes southward to the
Oise, about thirty miles.
Farthe.- south Field Marshal Ilaig's
men have formed crossings of the
Oise-Sambre canal.
Beach Aunelle River.
British troops, in their new attack,
unofficial reports say. have reached
the line of the Aunelle river, near the
Franco-Belgian border, five miles
east of Valenciennes.
LONDON, November 4.?The British
have entered Ciry, and farther north
have captured Landrecies.
From the latter point to just west of
Guise, which is still in the enemy's
hands, the British advanced about a
mile along the Sambre-Oise canal
and the Oise.
ALLIED ADVANCE IN FLANDERS
OWING TO FOE WITHDRAWAL
By the AMO^ated Preu.
WITH THE ALLIED FORCES IN
FLANDERS, November 4.?In the
Ghent sector the French and Ameri
forces now hold Seeverghom.
Zwynaerde, St. Denis-Westrem,
Tronehlennea. Thence tho
to Mariakerk ebrug.
Belgians hold ths Dm fM
velde. west of De Katte and thence
to the Dutch frontier.
In the last few days the advance
has been comparatively easy, owing
to the enemy's withdrawal to the
Scheldt, but the advance cost the
Germans dear, especially in the
Blasghem area. The enemy fought
?trongly for the high positions north
of Elseghem. bat the British attacked
surra?fully, and with the help ?f
? " " the enemy to

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