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Fair tonight and tomorrow; temper ature close to freezing tonight. Temperature for twenty-four hours ending at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 47, at 2:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 33, at & a.m. today. Full report on page 11. Gosiog New York Stocks, Page 11. No. 27,240. Member of the Associated Press The Aaaarlatid Pm la ncMni; tsHlled to the aaa for rrtmbllcmtloB of all m dlaaatebaa credited t? It <r not otberwlaa credited la tMa payer aad alio the local mn pnbUabed batata. An lUtta of pablleatiaa of nwlil dhsateSn berala ata alaa miimi. Yesterday's Net Circulation, 109,836. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1918?EIGHTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS. CASUALTIES A1NG U.S.TROOPS ABROAD NUMBERED235,117 Gen. March Gives Total Up to Time of Signing of Armistice. 36,154 WERE KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS Gen. Pershing Selects Commands to Be Sent Home, as Requested by War Department. Total casualties from all sources in the American expeditionary forces up to the signing of the armistice were 233.117. Gen. March, chief of staff, an nounces today. The casualties were divided as follows: Killed and died of wounds, 36,154. I Died of disease. 13,811. j Died from other cause, 2,204. Wounded, 179,623. ? Prisoners, 2,163. Missing, 1,160. -ncking Men to Return. Gen. March said that authority had been given to Gen. Pershing to send f>ack home all such troops as will not i bo needed in making up the army of | occupation. He said that Gen. Per- j thing had indicated that the follow- i Ing units would not be so required: Divisions 31, 31, 3$, 39, 76, S4, 86 and i Coast artillery regiments 46, 47. 49 ?u. 10 and 76. ' j Field artillery brigades 65 and 103. ' ? w ?h SG?n" PershinS indicated j . at the following general classes of ! troops will be released: Railroad artillery troops, army artil- 1 lory troops, gas troops, tank corps, air I lorces and those divisions which were ' ;>roken up to be used as replacements tor other divisions which had seen active service. , meJeU,rn.,?' 'J"5 untts from France nill be expedited in every way. Gen. >Jm f'V * and he added that thev will not be permitted to ".sneak into the country, either." Orders for Those in England. The troops from England, Gen. March said, will include practically all "f the air squadrons, sixteen con struction companies, one sailmakers' detachment, one Handley-Page train ing station and several photographic :.nd radio sections. Coders for the re lurn of these already have been is -lied. Taking up the present advance of the allied forces. Gen. March pointed <>ut that the American Army is head ing for Coblenz, the center bridge- j 1 ead on the Rhine, where it should ar rive about December 1. The British forces will occupy the bridgehead to the north at Cologne, and the French the bridgehead to the east at Mainz. The American forces in France. Gen. March said, had taken 44,000 German prisoners hi round numbers and 1,400 suns. He added that the casualties among tne American forces in Russia were? not severe, contrary to reports, and that . ncouTaging accounts of the situation of the forces there had been receive*!. Demobilization in TJ. S. Proceeds. Demobilization of the forces at home proceeding steadily. Gen. March said, pointing out that on arriving t Camp Dix yesterday he found 200 men a day being released. Several of the camps will be bandoned as soon as they are cleared "f their occupants. He did not desig ate the camps scheduled for aban donment, but he did say that no lrtner construction work was being "one at those plaoes. , 'n Italy, including w ,l -d? wlu be stationed Z, is. U.me beln* at Cattaro, Fiume i'2? T?este- ?n? battalion of infantry being located at each place. Cancellation of war contracts abroad !'? stret?ir!f. 0,6 hands of Ed*ard U. Stettinius, assistant secretary of afL ,1'} France, and designated s the special representative of the War ?epartment. Gen. March said. On this m Gf^thals will have charge the cancellation of all supply con t ra< ts and Maj. Gen. Jervey of contracts Army8 With constniction for the Many Presents on Way. Regarding the shipment of Christmas l ockages to the expeditionary forces. ? en. March said the steamer Manchuria i * aaa from Hoboken yesterdav with 1? containir.g 563.000 packages , k to the 2,000,000 packages which the Army will handle, authority las been given to the Red Cross to send from uo.ooo to 60,000 more. Gen. March disclosed that there are mi France thirteen American tank bat talions equipped with the French light . tanV and <our training com panies, equipped with the British . eavy type. These are among the units which can be spared at an early ?'ate. They include the 30lst 30'M 306th. 325th. 326th 327th 329?h ??"0th, .>31st, 332d, 344th and 345th bat , 376th, 377th, 378th and ~.9th training battalions. t*en. March deferred answering all nqumes as to the reorganization of he Regular Army until the bill which the general staff is preparing has been ...proved and laid before Congrfsa He ' ?^nhOWever* tllat ther? are only! i v' th. nr." nOW in the Arr"y bound The dlviXanr.s'v*<}-ye*r enlistment, i he divisions which will be sent follow",?U ab?V9 are made up vT^!"y"flr8t- Georgia. Alabama and Mrvssr sz-asxsz. ThirtV^nth1*5*? Snd De,aware. j !??? ?r.K"' Mississippi and' | Postal Company to Fight Seizure. NEW TORK. November 23 The Postal Telegraph Cable Company win ? ontest in court the government seiz ure of its properties and proposed consolidation of its land lines with tiiose of the Western Union Telegraph ? orapany, Clarence H. Mackay. presl ?. &nt, announced last nieht h Hared taking over of the ^bfe, the government was "contrary to thi Utter a. weil a, ,h. Head of Treasury to Quit Cabinet WILLIAM G. McADOO. MR. M'ADOO QUITS AS TREASURY CHIEF AND RAILROAD HEAD Necessity for Replenishing Personal Fortune Given as Reason for Retiring. MANY ARE MENTIONED TO TAKE UP HIS WORK Giving necessity for replenishing his personal fortune as a reason, "Wil liam G. McAdoo has resigned as Sec retary of the Treasury and director general of railroads. His resignation has been accepted by President "Wil son. As Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. McAdoo will retire as soon as a suc cessor has been chosen and has quali fied. He will relinquish his ppsitic}|^ as head of the government-controlled railroads January 1, unless a director has not then been selected. Following the announcement by Secretary McAdoo of his resignation of the Treasury portfolio, the director generalship of railways and the nu merous ex-officio positions he holds, the impression gained ground in offi cial circles today that President "Wil son, in naming his successor, will separate the railway management from the bailiwick of the head of the Treasury Department. Gossip Over Succession. Gossip today over the succession to these offices was prolific, but not con vincing. Distinguished names were cast up, playing in the light of dis cussion like a ball on a fountain jet. to drop back. It was finally con cluded that the President, in his wis dom, is probably the only man who knows who is to be appointed, and he has not spoken. It is assumed tha't with foreknowledge long time of Sec retary McAdoo's intention, and having in mind his own absence from thiB country, the .President has given thought to the choice of a successor and will announce it when the Con gress reconvenes December 2. When Secretary McAdoo reached his office today he found it piled high with personal telegrams from friends throughout the country commenting on his resignation. He leaves Wash ington tonight for an inspection trip of southern railways, planned more than a week ago. He will proceed as far south as New Orleans, returning in time to bid the President good-bye when the latter sails for France. Policy Changes Unlikely. Regardless of the appointment to the Treasury post, it is considered im probable that there will be any great change in future fiscal policies of the government. War bonds of short maturities, to the sum of about $8,000, 000,000, probably will be floated in 1919 as planned by Mr. McAdoo and his Treasury advisers. Before he leaves the Treasury Mr. McAdoo will prepare recommendations to Congress for legislation to change the War Finance Corporation into a "Peace Finance Corporation." as he has sug gested, thereby permitting it to fi nance industries during the readjust ment period. The future of the Capi tal Issues Committee is uncertain, and the attitude of Mr. McAdoo's suc cessor may have much to do with its course. As for the railroads, the new di rector general doubtless will have much to do with the formulation of policies for future management. Mr. McAdoo recently indicated that he had planned to continue consolidations, i pooling, short hauling and other re i forms looking to efficient operation, ? regardless of the fact that the war emergency is over. Opposition to this course now appears to be developing, and the issue of whether railroads are to remain permanently under gov ernment direction and even gov ernment ownership, or be returned shortly to their private owners, is taking tf>rm. This issue is a principal legacy, which Mr. McAdoo will leave to his successor. Mr. McAdoo iB known to have under consideration the formulation of a statement of his individual attitude on what should be the nation's policjr toward permanent government man agement or ownership. His friends say he leans toward the view that the government should own the rail roads, but this had not^ been con firmed by his own public statements. Names Mentioned. Some of the names bandied about among the gossips today for the Treasury portfolio were Gov. Harding of the Federal Reserve Board, John Skelton Williams, controller of the currency: Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Leffingwell and Crosby, Secretary Baker, Secretary Houston, Bernard Baruch, and Representative Sherley of Kentucky, chairman of ap propriations committee. For the post of director general of railways. If it should be separated from the Treasury, the gossips ?u? (Continued on Second Pac?.) < 1 CMC POLITICAL CONDITIONS SPREAD I THROUGH GERM Bolshevik Ideas Find Further Favor?Separatist Tend ency Is Marked. SOUTH STATES RESENT DICTATION BY BERLIN 278 Persons Affected by Dethrone ment or Abdication of Teuton Baling Houses. By the Associated Press. LONDON, November 23.?The cha otic political conditions In Germany are emphasized in reports received here from Amsterdam and Copen hagen purporting to reproduce direct telegrams from Germany. There is a sharp divergence of opinion in re gard to the make-up of the new Germany. There is a general lack of harmony in different parts of the country and a tendency toward separatism. Bol shevik ideas are declared to be grow ing in the west, where a Rhenish re public is said to be planned. Bremen for Bolshevism. The Bremen soldiers and workers' council, at a meeting, declared itself in complete accord with bol?hevism and resolved to call on the bolsheviki in Russia to help introduce com munism. The Spartacus group at Dusseldorf is reported to have proclaimed a pro letarian dictatorship and arrested the burgomaster of the city. Dr. Karl Liebkneeht, the radical so cialist, was acclaimcd at a Sparta cus meeting in Berlin, which issued an appeal to the workers to emulate the Russian bolsheviki. The meeting refused to listen to moderate social ist speakers. Panic in Berlin Bourse. LONDON, November 22.?The great est panic on the Berlin bourse in three years- occurred Thursday, when it was reported that the extremists in several German coast towns had usurped the power of the local au thorities, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen. It is pointed out in connection with the appeal of Dr. W. S. Solf to the XTnited States for food, that there 'are two kinds of rations in use in Germany. Tfrat for the soldiers In the first lines has been much larger than that granted the rest of the nation. It i? said that Dr. Solf ap pears anxious that the front line standard shali be maintained for the large body of troops returning from the ! front. This ration is considerably ; more generous than that to which the i British people have been accustomed during the last four years. . South Germany May Bolt. COPENHAGEN, Friday, November 22.?Resistance in south Germany, es pecially in ?avaria, to proletariat dic tation from Berlin is rapidly growing and is likely to result in all of south Germany being establishefeas a new independent government, according to the Berlingske Tidende's Berlin cor , respondent. A Berlin dispatch, under date of Thursday, says that a test vote among | the returning troops indicates that the ; prevailing sentiment is in favor of a national assembly. The nineteenth Lorrainese rmy declares its willng ! ness to support the present govern ment, but will oppose vigorously any effort to delay the formation of a na tional body. Bavarian Soldiers Protest. The Bavarian reserve division, through Its council, protests against the attempt of the Berlin soldiers and workmen's council to interfere with the present government's purpose to woTk out a system of representative government. In a resolution these soldiers say: "We want a national assembly and a voice in the work of solving the problems of the German people. We believe the present government is willing that we shall have such partici pation and that it opposes any measure? calculated to disturb the economic system. We have nothing in common with the resolution of the Berlin sol diers' and workmen's council, which does not possess our confidence." The soldiers' committee of the 4th Army announces from Aix-la-Chapelle that it opposes any form of dictator ship. "Germany was the cradle of social thought," the committee says. "We do not need to take intellectual lessons from Russia. Germany has not liberated herself merely for the purpose of changing the degree of dictatorship." Fall of Reigning Families. AMSTERDAM, Friday, November 22. ?Two hundred and seventy-eight per sons have been affected by the de thronement or abdication of ruling houses in Germany, according to the Zeitung Am Mittag of Berlin. Of this number thirty-three were of the royal Prussian house and thirty-nine of the Bavarian reigning family. At a joint sitting of the soldiers' and workmen's councils of the Ger man navy it has been decided to form a main committee for the naval arm of the service. It will represent all the councils of the navy and will have its headquarters at Wilhelmshaven. The fifty-three delegates from the councils will elect five comrades as a central committee of the navy. These committeemen must be socialists. All orders of the ministry of marine and the admiralty staff must be signed by these five men, according to a Wil helmshaven telegram received here. HOLE DESTROYS PEERS. Loss at Baltimore Oil Loading Docks Estimated at $1,000,090. BALTIMORE, M4? November 23.? A fire, which threatened at one time to - wreck; the entire Canton water front district of this city, broke out yesterday at the oil loading docks of the Standard Oil Company, destroying the company's piers, badly damaging the oil tanker F. Q. Barstow, loaded with 75,000 barrels of gasoline and destroying three pile-driving machines of the Raymond Concrete and Pile Driving Company of New Tork. The total loss, it is estimated, will reach $1,000,000. < The blase started from sparks from one of the pile drivers, which ignited surface oil in the water alongside of ,the tanker. News Note: Henry Ford will retire from business and devote himself to publishing a weekly national newspaper. Albert of Belgium Re-Enters Brussels With American and Allied Troops. VAST TUMULT IN CITY By 1he Associated Press. BRUSSELS, Friday, November 22.? King Albert entered Brussels this morning at 10:30 o'clock. He waa ac companied by Queen Elizabeth, Princes Leopold and Charles, and Princess Marie Jose. The royal party entered at the Porte de Flanders and proceeded to the place de la Nation.receiving a tremendous ovation along the streets. Entering the parliament house. King Albert and his family listened to an. address or welcome. Then fol lowed a review of allied troops, which formed a line ten miles long. Flowers Thrown in Path. Flowers were thrown in the path of King Albert as the procession made its way along boulevards lined for miles with dense throngs. As this dis patch is being written the noise of cheering rolls continuously like thun der across the city. King Albert and his two sons were on horseback. The crown prince was cn his right and was dressed in khaki, while his younger brother was dressed in the uniform of a midship man. j The city is wearing its gala dress and the influx of thousands during re cent days has made it impossible for all to obtain lodgings. Many are sleeping in. public lialls and shelters. Peoples in Ecstasy. LONDON, November 23 (by Associ ated Press).?American troops, to gether with British and French con tingents, marched with the Belgians into Brussels yesterday, when King Albert made his entry into his capi tal, says the Daily Mail's correspond ent, who witnessed the entry. "I have seen many great cere monies at many places," the corres pondent writes. "It is easy to be superlative but I have never seen so vast and varied a crowd so carried i away by a tumult of fervor. Put a i modern artillery barrage info terms j of delight and you have some indif- ; ferent measure of the concentrated rstasy of a people " ho fe t h't their release from captivity coincided ] with the birth of the millennium. "The royal family stood fpr the re- j turn of peace. The king was at the heud of the army which had won that peace by its sacrifice. Two divisions of the Belgian army, occupying some thing like fifteen miles of roads, marched in the procession, accom panied by battalions of French, American and British troops, with artillery. The procession was far down the Ghent road while the front was passing down the Rue Royale. * "The day was like midsummer. Many airplanes turned a silver lining to the sun as they played fantastic tricks high in the blue. Others let drop streamers on the orowd. Every i window, balcony, roof and street j kiosk was packed over the whole route. 4 Thoroughfares Thronged. "The people on the balconies had provided themselves with numerous miniature flags and chrysanthemums that they rained down continually. Thousands could not even approach the route of the parade. All the roads leading to the Rue Royale and the Boulevard Anspach were blocked with folk. The crowd was Impassable at the Porte de Flanders hours before the king's arrival. _ "I found three British dragoons en veloped by an ar*pnt crowd off the : line of the route and afraid to move either way. Musical people burst Into the national song at any prompting,or at none at all. "At one place 600 young women, in soprano chorus, sang the Belgian song. Near their gay company stood a pathetic group of as many wounded men." King's Prophecy Recalled. The return of King Albert to his capital recalls the king's prophecy In an interview with the Associated Press only a few months after the Belgians, having checked the first rush of the Germans, had been driven from their country. In the dispatch reporting this Interview, given on December 20, 1914, at the king's head, quarters in West Flanders, the fol lowing passage occurred: "Tour majesty. It has been predicted that you will re-enter your capital within three months," the correspond ent said. The king shook his head sadly, say ing: "Not so soon, but some day I shall rids into Brussels at the head of the Belgian army." Big Airplane Coming Here From Santa Barbara, Cat. Loughead 102 Left Pacific Coast City This Morning, Scheduled to Make but Two Stops in Flight to the National Capital. SANTA BARBARA. Cal., November, 23.?Bound for Washington, D. <-?. with only two stops scheduled e tween, the Loughead biplane 102 left Santa Barbara at 5:05 this morn ng. Carries Four Passengers A recent letter to The Star from, Santa Barbara said that it is , pected to make the proposed flight of 2,800 miles to Washington in thirty ?Tnheaairplane will carry four.pas-! ^^t^'J^r^alnount^f0 mall mat TO BLAZE IN STORE Louis Hartkj Establishment on 7th Street Damaged. Fire in Warehouse. i . ? I I Fire starting at S:10 this morning j in the hardware store of Louis Har I tig. 1011 7th street, damaged the | stock about $9,000 and held UP the 17th street cars in the midst of the ' heaviest car traffic of the day when thousands of war workers were en route to the temporary offices on the Mall between 7th and 4% streets. E T Walker, an employe, entered the' store at 8:10 this morning and . had completed the dusting and other Imljior Jobs before he noticed smoke letting through the cracks in the ? floor from the basement. He opened I the door to the cellar and saw a top shelf of rakes next to the burning. Realising the Are had too irreat a headway to put out with fire extinguishers, he turned in the alarm. Hurry Call for Engines. Four engines and two chemical trucks responded, but before tney rived the entire first had*urn out and the flames were raging in the 8Xse attached to the hydrant on the opposite side of the street^ stret^ed ktt Err5p"'"^i0fs%s?ns; ! lined up for three blocks on either side of the hose a*l flocked out of the cars to watch the Reports from government offices state that an unusual number Ol clerks W^e late this momln* Hun iSrPda of the morning crowd watched < while others hu-ied down i 7th street toward the offices a few j mMr!teHartig estimates the damage to the building at about J3.000. Stubborn Fire In Warehouse. I -ci? the . feed warehouse of W. s Hone A BroT 425-31 9th street fouOwest, furnished a hard task for of several companies of ^rimounttd^ab^^SS)"* L?was RiiMested that colored men who had ^dmpS?? o%gmen went ?o Botanic Garden yesterday after 1 extlneuished a blase In the Sr room TlV thought to have ^ ? -r,,serl by an overheated pipe, !^d the damage amounted to J1.000. I _ ?pnitB DEAD IX COLLISION. Flight Train* in Accident on Pennsylvania Railroad. PHILADELPHIA, November 23?A head-on collision today between two freight trains on the Williamsport h .h .< the Pennsylvania railroad SSD&art. P?- "suited in the dSth of two engineers ?d . t fir Am an and & Dr&KeiDin were ^rtouSly lnlured. One of th. ^^htS^and^pro^hle'hU^fy | ter addressed to government officials, members of Congress and prominent I eastern men, and enough gasoline and oil for twelve hours of continuous flying. The transcontinental* route from Santa Barbara follows the line of the Southern Pacific after leaving Los Angeles to Yuma, Ariz., where the first stop for fuel and oil will be made. Prom Yuma the route lies across Arizona to El Paso and then eastward over the line of the Hock Island railway to a point just south of Kansas^ City. A second stop will be ! made about 100 miles east of Cairo, 111- /or another supply of fuel and oil, from which place the final leg of 1,200 miles of the journey to Wash ington Is expected to" be made with out a stop. ?? ? - . IHM'SACT WJPANS Resignation oivEve of Presi dent's Trip Prompts Many Questions. * ? By daVid la^hexce. (Copyright, 1918, by Jf. Y. Evening Post, Inc.) Perhaps it is the lingering aroma of the last political campaign, per haps Jt is that politics never has been and never will be adjourned, perhaps It Is the provincial atmosphere of a place filled with politicians, but, any way, the National Capital read the correspondence exchanged between President Wilson and William Gibbs McAdoo, wherein the latter relin quished the Jobs of Secretary of the Treasury and director general of rail roads, and calmly proceeded to ask a number of pertinent and impertinent questions. Pirst, why does Mr. McAdoo resign such important responsibilities at a time when the President of the United States sa'.ls for Europe to be gone in definitely? Second, if he must leave public of fice,* why did he not wait for the President's return? Third, does the departure of Mr. Mc Adoo mean an Improvement or an im pairment of Mr. McAdoo's opportuni ties to become the democratic nomi nee for the presidency in 1920? Fourth, whom will the President ap point as successor? Friends Make Replies. J Mr. McAdoo's friends had answers j for all these questions, and they made them with an air that carried con viction. In the first place, they made it very clear that he had apprised the President of his intention to re sign immediately after the 1916 elec tion, but hid been persuaded to stay on in view of the complicated inter national situation. With the war over. Mr. McAdoo felt that he could be released. He plajined to quit any way, and the present seemed as good a .time as any. If he waited until the President got back he would have to map out a reconstruction policy for the country's finances and railroads in the meantime, and would be in duty bound to carry out those policies. He leaves his successors with a clean slate. As he intended to re sign sooner or later, the period be fore the opening of the session of Congress and the beginning of the new year seemed the best time with in which to separate himself from both the Treasury Department and the railroad administration. Any body who knows what the Treasury Department is up against now will agree that it is at the parting of the ways?it must make declstons now in one direction or the other to carry business back to normal in the next twelve or eighteen months. Mr. Mc Adoo has given his Ideas to the Presi dent, who can, if he approves them, transmit them to the new Secretary of the Treasury, or he can decide iti favor of the policy outlined by Mr. (Continued on Second PageJ Commissioners Revoke Ten O'Clock Order to Be Effect ive Monday. U.S.'STAGGER'CONTINUES Beginning Monday all places of business in Washington will open at the old hour. The 10 o'clock opening established October 3 by the District Commission ers as the time for the commence ment of business as a means of re lieving the street car congestion has been revoked by the Commissioners, notice to that effect being announced today. The "staggered" hours, as they ap ply to the government departments, including the District government, will continue in force until further notice. Many Complained. Commissioner Brownlow said this morning in announcing the change of opening of places of business that complaints had been received from a large number of persons against keep ing the business houses closed until 10 a.m. This was declared a hard ship in making purchases, and that it was thought wise to permit places of business to open in the mornings as it might suit their line of trade and close at whatever hour might be most convenient. He pointed out that at this season of the year when the Christmas shop ping trade is on it was essential that the stores should open early. Eleven Made Protest. While there was a strong demand for the opening of the stores at the old hours. Commissioner Brownlow said that only eleven merchants had i made a protest against the 10 o'clock opening hour. The street car schedules put in force with the adoption of the Com missioners' 10 o'clock store opening suggestion will remain in force. Order Comes at Opportune Time. Stores not employing a large num ber of women will ol>en at 8 and 8:30 o'clock as usual, and stores with I nearly all woman workers will open ! at 9 and 9:15 o'clock. The closing hour will be 6 as usual. The announcement was made by Sec retary Columbus of the Merchants and Manufacturers" Association, after he learned of the action of the Com missioners. Discussing the Commis sioners' announcement, Mr. Columbus said: "Naturally, the business interests of Washington are very glad that the tmiilll fnijr f~7l have found the situation such that they can re voke their request for late opening hours. "With the return of the usual hours, there also comes an assurance from i the local fuel administrator that there will be no further restrictions in the use of light for business purposes in Washington. "The removal of both of these re strictions?store hours and light? comes at a most opportune and nec essary time. The Merchants and Manufacturers' Association has point ed out both to the National Fuel Ad ministration and to the District Com missioners that in view of the termi nation of hostilities It would be wise for these restrictions to be removed.' ,90 PER CENT CUT MADE | Estimate for War Clerks' Pay for 1920 Is Seduced to $3,200,000. Secretary Baker of the War Depart- ! ment has reduced by 90 per cent the original estimate of the War Depart ment for clerical help tor the fiscal year 1920, It was made known today. The original estimate asked far ap proximately 532,000,000 for employes, but since being revised the total re quested is about J3,-00,000. It was explained that the original estimate was prepared before the signing of the armistice. Before the United States entered the war the War Department em ployed in the neighborhood of 2,000 workers. Duimg the war the num ber was increased to 23,000. The after-war estimates will provide for about 3,000 employes. MAJ. LA GUARDIA DOFFS UNIFORM FOR CONGRESS Brave Army flier's Resignation ?From the Service Accepted v by President. Maj. Fiorello H. La Guard la of the Army air service has tendered his resignation to President Wilson, and the President accepted. Ma J. La Guar dia, who was re-elected to Congress from the fourteenth New York dis trict. will devote his time to his con gressional duties. "Now that hostilities have ceased I feel that I may request you to re lieve me from further military service In order that I may devote ?11 of my time and attention to ? my congres sional duties," Maj. La Guardia wrote the President. "Needless to say. should the exigencies of future events require recommencement of hostili ties I stand ready to resume my place in the air service of our Army." Representative La Guardia's cam paign during the recent election con sisted solely of the question, directed toward his opponent, Scott Nearlng: "What Is his regiment?** KING ALBERT TO ENTER STRASBURG WITH F0CH PARIS, November it (Havas).? Kins Albert of Belgium will accom pany Marshal Focb when the allied generalissimo makes his offlclal entry Into Strasburg tomorrow. F TRADE NOW CALLS Ti Co-Operative Effort Will Be Made in Meeting New Con ditions Abroad. WEBB-POMERENELAW GIVES FIGHTING POWER Government and Trade Bodies Are Enlisted to Uphold Nation as Competition Becomes Keen. BY WILL P. KEXNEDY. Just as, through forty-two service committees, representing various In dustries, sanctioned and encouragpd by the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, the business men of this country pooled their resource* and enterprise In co-operation with the War Industries Board to win the war, so they are today organizing for co-operative, concerted, national ef fort to capture the world markets. With the approval and encourage ment of the President, the Congress the Department of Commerce, tlie Federal Trade Commission, the Cham ber of Commerce of the lTnitc*l States, the War Industries Board an<l other federal as well as business or ganizations. the various industries of the country are continuing their w:<r service committees or reorganizing post-war trade associations through which foreign trade can be profitably, economically and stably sought in a big way. Desperate Conditions Abroad. The United States never before had to go after the worlds trade, but now, with foreign nations in a des perate economic condition, wnere cheap labor is imperative, price-cut ting and keen competition in ?m merce are inevitable, and the United States is going1 after this task jutt as she tackles every big problem, whole-heartedly, resourcefully, per sistently and successfully. The Webb-Poinerene law. approved oidApril 10 of this year, framed after th? Federal Trade Commission by authority. In Its organic act. had in vestigated foreign trade and recom mended to Congress such legislation, and advocated by President Wilson i" a message to Congress on Decembei 5 1916, for the first time gives the American business Interests a chain s to invade the foreign markets <?" equal fighting terms with German;, and the other nations. With certain specific restriction-? and qualifications it provides that: "Nothing contained in the Sherman anti-trust law of 1880 shall be com strued as declaring to be illegal an association entered Into for the sole purpose of engaging In export trad. , and actually engaged solely In sui.li export trade, or an agreement made or act done in the course of export trade by sttch association, provided such association, agreement or act_ is restraint of trade within the rrnitid States and is not In restraint o? the export trade of any domestic competitor of such association. Fullest use of the opportunity off ed under this law by the business c<" cerns of the United States re cently advocated by Burwell S. ' utl. ?. chief of the bureau " ^ domestic commerce. Walsh chief counsel of the v en? Trade'Commission, in addressing ' - ganizations of exporters and man ' KSS& thc?fore^gn ? Conferences Called Here. The War Industries Board, which has had to hold many Industries in check during the war on account of MTXtraedCr?ansSsorUornds "o the largest trade in the foreign ma. IJL Bernard M. Baruch has 3<V announced" that "all of the forty-1 v.. war service committees w'll be l.i vited to conferences in Washing)t>n Li.hin the next week or ten da>.> and at these conferences the 'utureJ** the respective industries as regard foreign trade will be discussed. The Chamber of Commerce of tl^ United States has called a n>?nst . reconstruction conference at Atlanti fitv December 3, 4 and 5, when til prospects for expanded foreign trade wUl be a chief theme for dlscusslon by the real leaders In olttcial and ii dTShe,United States bureau of foremy and domestic commerce has sent tra diplomats into the world markets make surveys of value to America, business interests. T(lrk Frank H. Vanderllp of New York has invited some of the oaPtaI"? industry to a conference with him in New York on Monday in regard the export trade situation As presi dent of the National City Bank Ne?, York, which was the firf>t financial in stitution to open a big branch in South America, where built up her trade (and polltl^n domination tbro^rh proposes to the business greets will Ka bie and broad-gfauged. Some or the most prominent men U.^the Wa; sWng^r^he Coun cil of National Defense, the Federa Trade Commission and other fedPr" establishments will be at that, con ferenoe. Propose Co-Operative Agencies. , The system of cartels operated lor many years by Germany must be me. ?Tv co-operative buying and selling agencies for the United Statesc pro 1 duoers and consumers officials and ^Senator eDuncan?U. Fletcher, chatr ^Sih^rroT^&coo?; /.eat Amerton totta faPct that France Belgium and down.^Ms really m?nsn that the i 1 mnS' would be sold through that single f^ency- particular ^"^ nf ho^ thls^ame system can SaSf.?tld under the Webb bill by American industries. x*5t_JJ225hate " per cent of all the phosphate mined i in the United States '2 Us world su**"*.