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SOMKWHAT more than a mile east of the new house which stands on the lands of Tho-mas Lodwell Lee of Coton, which the Rambler wrote of last week, the v ancient road between Washington and Leesbnrg passes an old and dignified brick mansion. This house, with its AnmirtDnfint fflaMa or?*l ?>? ? the name of Belmont. It also was a home of members of the Lee family Of Loudoun county?Lees who were Of the Stratford line of that famous Xnglish and American family. Lee historians divide the Virginia stock of their family into three branches. Which they call the Stratford, Ditchly and Cobb's Hall lines, though the lines are of common ancestry in Virginia. A private road leads from the pike to the, house, which is about a third of a mile off to the south from the publlo way. The road runs straight between fields thaj are still green and then Curves up the gentle slope of the Mdge, which is crowned by the old house and Its embracing grove. The road crosses the north front of the house, passing within about fifty feet ?f the colonial porch. At that point stands a spreading, ' leafless elm, some of whose big bleak Umbs, high up in the tree, are chained together as a measure of precaution that they may not break and fall during a storm. To the trunk or "bole" Cf that tree is affixed an ornamental lamp that seems not to have known the warmth and cheeriness of a light fftl" lavsrol wan** T* I- ? >. /?? . 11 is ?. uik, new lamp grown prematurely old, and contains an electric bulb that Is fed, or that might be fed, by two wires that run out from tho center hallway of the house. From the elm tree to the front porch Is a wide brick pavement, the bricks being laid In herring-bone fasblon, which was the way of laying brlclcs in the old Washington sidewalks. This pavement is grown over with various grasses so that only here and there can one get a glimpse at the bricks and on top of the tall grass Is a covering of dead leaves. Tou may walk from the elm tree at the roadside to - the house without knowing that a brick pavement lies beneath your feet. * * * At each side of the porch stands a big box bush like a grim, green sentinel. Four or five smaller box bushes, planted in green tuba, stand around, but they are dead. The ascent to the i porch is made by means of three j h'eavy stone steps. They are brown , free-stone and have a familiar look to 1 a Washlngtonian. Once they were 1 steps at the east front of the Capitol and led from the plasa to the entrance to the rotunda. These steps, many of which had become worn by generations . of feet and had become scaly because of \ the years of froet and sun, were replaced . by steps of harder stone. The old steps ' were bought and removed to Babnont, which after passing through a number of ownerships now belongs to Ed- 1 ward McLean. The old Capitol steps figure in other ways In the scheme of ] things at Belmont. The steps, loading ' eight railroad flat cars, were hauled to Ashburn and there unloaded. The < step In front of the men's waiting I room in the little station at Ashburn 1 is a piece of the old east front stair- f way of the Capitol. Before the home 1 of C. A. Arundel, who has been post- 1 master at Ashburn for twenty-two f years. Is a large section of one of > these Capitol steps. Very likely other I pieces of the old staircase may be en- countered In that part of the country. J In discharging the steps from the rail- j road cars at Ashburn several were J broken and those so damaged were > not hauled to Belmont. Four white fluted columns of wood hold up the porch top at Belmont, and at the opposite sides of the white door are slender fluted pilasters. At each side of the door is a panel with three old-fashioned panes of glass in it; and through this glass one may get a dim vision of the hallway and tho curving stairway at Its back. Over the door is a semi-circular panel, with irregular shaped panes of glass fitted into a scroll-work pattern. On the door is a small bronze knocker. A foot to the left of that is the knob of an old-fashioned pull-bell. In the brick facing of the doorway is a modern electric bell that does not ring. The red bricks of the walls re turning gray, and the masonry la In Flemish bond. Some ivy is Struggling to climb the cold north wall, but much of it Is dead. Off to ine leu, auuui u iiuiiuicu juiub, ib a. gray stone spring house with a slate roof, which was built a few years ago by Charlie Btunkel, the stonemason of the neighborhood. Beyond that Is a paling fence, within which are the remains of a corn and bean Ktoh. Nearby is a small hothouse, rther to the left is a ble stable. To the right, and beneath a big chestBut tree. Is a frame ruin that seems to have been an icehouse. Between the paling fence and the ruin beneath the chestnut is a faint path. Follow this and it will lead you to a patch of ground covered with periwinkle and here you will find two gravestones, though one would expect to And more. There is a low brick Wall, the purpose of which seems to kave been to inclose two graves within the little family burying ground. Within the brick wall is a pale martnmhfitnnA inacrihed: "In Aff?n tionate Remembrance of Mrs. Louisa E. F. Selden, consort of W. C. Selden Jun., who died October 28, 1826, In the 21st year of her age." Eroni the Appearance of the brick wall another tombstone evidently stood within it and . beside that of Mrs. Selden. Just outside the wall is the stone which probably filled the niche within the brick wall. This stone is inscribed, "Sacred to the Memory of Wilson f\ Selden, Jun., who departed this life on the 24th of March, 1813, aged 49 years. This tribute of affection is offered by his deeply afflicted Widow." There must be other graves of Virginians who were notable people In their time, hut they are not now marked. a * * While Colon was the home of Thomas Ludwcll Lee, Rrlmont was tho bier Write home of Ludwell Lee, who was the aeoond son of Richard Henry Lee and Anne Aylett. He was born at Chantilly October IS, 17(0, and died at Belmont March 23, 183(. The phrase "born at Chantllly" Is confusing. Not very far from Belmont, perhaps ten or twelve miles as the Rambler roughly guesses without looking at a map, Is a wide tract of country called Chantllly. This was the tract of the old and wealthy Turbervillo family, and descendants of the Turbervilles are still living on the ancestral lands. mens are iftft neias on which the battle of Chantllly, closely'following the Becond battle of Bull Hun, was fought and where, among many others, Phil Kearny was killed and also Gen. Isaac Stevens, In whose memory Fort Stevens at Brightwood was named. Probably, but for the death of Gen. Stevens at Chantllly, the attack of Gen. Early on the center of the AN northern line of Washington's detenses would have gone down In history as "the battle of Fort Massachusetts," for Massachusetts was the name of the fort on the 7th street pike before It was renamed Stevens. There was an old Lee estate in Westmoreland county called Chantilly. It was down there In the neighborhood of the Washington lands of Wakefield, the Wirt lands of "Wirtlands," the Carter lands of Nfominl and the other Lee estates of Stratford, Dltchly, Cobb's Hall, Lee Hall and Mt. Pleasant. The Rambler will hazard the guess that Ludwell Lee was born at that Chantllly which lies In the beautiful country of :he lower Potomac. It Is recorded that Ludwell Lee was ihristened by the Rev. Mr. Ross, and :hat his proxies were Richard Lee, Dr. Arthur Lee and Miss Klixabeth Steptoe. Most of the facts which are low to be had concerning Ludwell ->ee of Belmont are to be found in a iketch of him written at the time of lis death by K. H. Henderson and lublished in a Leesburg newspaper. The Rambler takes it for granted hat the paper referred to was the ..eesburg Times, presided over now >y Henry Tazewell Harrison, who, by he way, is the chronicler-in-chief of H ^, V* ''6 I I <4^^^^hhp - - \ #*- - j-'-~ rnoiVT ponm ss of the ( the ancient annala of Loudoun. A part of the obituary sketch follows: Departed this life the nifht of Wednesday, the 28rd nil., at his residence in this county, Ludwell Lee, esq., in the seventy-sixth year of his age. Mr. Lee, the eldest son of the Illustrious orator, statesman aud patriot, Richard Henry Lee, rose into manhood during the memorable struggle in which his father won uuujiug?iiiue, mfi co me pnucipicsinu spirit of that father, the subject of this passing notice fled from the shades of the academy to the standard of his country, and, as one of the military family of the heroic and generous Lafayette, followed it until it was crowaed with a glorious pence. Mr. Lee engaged in the profession of law, but, blessed with an ample fortune, he withdrew from it at an early period, yet not until he had exhibited to his friends and his country those powers and attainments which would, under different circumstances, have rendered him one of its brightest omumeuts. There is much more matter of eulogistic import, and out of it one BAST WING OF BBLMONT HOUSE. gets the facts that Ludwell Lee was at one time a member of the Virginia legislature and once the presiding officer of the state senate. Mr. Henderson's obituary sketch concludes with the following paragraph: "He breathed out his spirit at last without a groan and has gone to rejoin in the realms of ceaseless peace and bliss that Lafayette, under whose chivalrous eye he drew his youthful sword, and who came after so many chances and changes to embrace him again in the classic retirement of Belmont." * * * In that paragraph one comes upon confirmation that Lafayptte was entertained at Belmont. The Rambler had not walked more than a hundred yards in the Goose Creek neighborhood when he was told that at Belmont and various other places receptions were given to Lafayette. And, of course, George Washington also slept in those old houses, and also the bricks of which they are built were brought from England. These Lafayette receptions are apt to get one's nerves while traveling in Maryland and Virginia. The houses ? isilnn ^^MBapagi 0..: "I Iflii -v . ^B':.-:-^| Ib> '^H - v*^| OF BRIjMONT. Did Belmo In the neighborhood of Washington in which bona fide receptions were given to Lafayette are few. One of them is a fine old brick house still standing in Alexandria?the Smoot home, as the Rambler remembers it? and one of them is the Ludwell Lee home of Belmont. Ludwell Lee was married twice. His first wife was his cousin Flora, daughter of Philip Ludwell and teiittnhAth Htentoe I,ee of Stratford. That marriage was solemnized In 1788. His second marriage, which was in 1797. was to Elizabeth Armistead, daughter of Bowles Armlstead, whoso wife was born Mary Fontaine. Ludwell Lee lived for some time at Shooters Hill, on the western side of Alexandria, and later he removed to Loudoun county, taking possession of the estate which he called Belmont. His first wife died at Shooters Hill, and before the Rambler lies a note GBbhI 1 written by Rev. Joseph Packard that 1 he remembered seeing the gravestone i of this lady at Shooters Hill before i the civil war. Ludwell Lee and his 1 second wife were buried at Belmont, < and the Rambler believes that their i ashes lie under the periwinkle in i that little plot where the tombstones ] of Louisa E. F. Seidell and Wilson C. Selden stand. I The children of Ludwell Lee and his 1 wife Flora were Richard Henry, Ce- < cilia and Elizabeth Matilda. The story < of Richard Henry will* come later. ] Cecilia married James L. McKenna, I and Elizabeth Matilda, who was born 1 In 1791 and died in 1875, became the 1 wife in 1811 of Richard H. Love of < Fairfax county. The first child by 1 the second marriage was Mary Ann i Lee. who was born In 1798 and be- i came the wife of Gen. Robert B. 1 Campbell of South Carolina. The i second child was Ellen McMaken, ] born in 1802, who married, first, ( Thomas Bedford of Kentucky, and, . second, Rev. Nathaniel Phippen i Knapp of Mobile. Ala. The third ( child was Elizabeth Armistead Lee, . born in 1804 and died in Worcester < county.Md., in 1887. She was the widow i fo Wilson Cary Selden of Exeter. Lou- i uoun county, not far from LeeBburg. The fourth child was Emily, who i died single in 1875. The fiifth child ] was Francis Lightfoot Lee, who mar- 1 Tied a Miss Rogers of South Carolina, i There Was a sixth child named I Bowles Armlstead Lee, but tliere seem to be no facts relating to him that can now be found. ] * 1 * * 1 For a good many of the facts con cerning the Lee family the Rambler ; Is under obligation to Dr. Edwin Lee 1 Morgan of Washington, who is of 1 the Stratford line of Lees, and de scended from Richard Bland Lee, \ whose ote In the Congress at FhPila- l delphia was a decisive factor, if not j the deciding factor, in the selection , of the Potomac country as the per- i manent seat of the national government. Richard Bland Lee had a son, i Col. Richard Bland Lee of Washing- i ton and Alexandria. Ampng his chil- i tlren were Mary Elizabeth, who mar- i ried Dr. Robert Fleming of Alexan- i dria; Julia Eustlce, who died single , at Alexandria, and Evelina Prosser t Lee, who married Edwin Cecil Mor- ( gan, born in St. Marys county, Md., ( practiced law In Washington for , years, died in 1867, and is at rest in , Congressional cemetery. He had , seven sons, five of whom died in in- ! fancy. The sons to attain manhood were William B. Morgan, who died in Chicago, and Dr. Edwin Lee Mor- ! gan, who lives in Washington. Dr. Morgan married Miss Mary Garland . Van Zandt of Washington, daughter of Capt. Nicholas Van Zandt, first of j the United States Navy, and later of , the navy of the Confederate states. ! Capt. Van Zandt's wife was bora ? Virginia Cabell of Virginia, and was a descendant of Jane Henry Meredith, ; sister of Patrick Henry, and her hus- 1 band, Samuel Meredith, second treas- 1 urer of the United One of Belmont's claims to fame is ! that it was for many years a cole- ' brated academy for women. For years it was the school of Margaret Mercer and later it was conducted by KuKenia Kephart. The story of Mar- ( paret Mercer was bafflim? to the. llntnbler for a time. Several of the older inhabitants of the Goose Creek t neighborhood could remember her, j but very little exact Information was . to hp bad front them. In one of the early "rambles" of litis series the llnmbler told of his firs' visit to Helmont Chattel and of seeing there 1 a monument to MisH Mercer, the in- t scription on which is: \ Sacred to the Motnerv of Mnrgnret Mercer, 1 born July 1, 17111; died Sept. 17, 1K40. '. >nt House Her remains repose beneath the chancel of this chapel, ballt by her own self-denying labours. ? Tliia monument is erected by her pupils as a testimony of their admiration of her elevated Christian character and of their gratitude for her invaluable instruction. About eight years after her death, which would be about 1854, her remains were removed from the chapel. Oue of the old inhabitants told the Rambler that he had assisted in that work and that the remains of Miss Mercer were carried off "down in the James river country." That was the Rambler's clue. He knew that the Mercer family was a prominent one in and around Fredericksburg, in the Rappahannock country, and he knew that John T. Goolriek of Fredericksburg, whose wife was the guardian of the Mary Washington monument, had written a book on the life and family of Gen. Hugh Mercer. He turned to that book, on the title page of which is this: "This book is affectionately dedicated to my wife, a great-granddaughter of George Mason, who was an intimate friend and associate of (Jen. Hugh Mercer." The Rambler read many pages about Gen. Hugh Mercer, who was born at Aberdeen, Scotland.-in 1725, came to America in 1716. landed at Philadelphia, then moved to Greencastle. now called Mercersburg, Pa., practiced medicine and pharmacy in that wild country. Rerved in Braddock's French and Indian campaign us a captain; removed to Fredericksburg and opened an apothecary shop net far from the home of John Haul Jones, practiced medicine, married Isahelle Gordon of Virginia, was elected colonel of the 2d Virginia ltei; intent for service In the revolution, was appointed brigadier reneral by Congress, was mortally wounded at the hattleof Princeton. January 3, 1777, died January 12 and rests in Haurel Hill cemetery, Philtdelphia. He had a sister named Margaret. That Christian name was common in his family in Scotland. That, too, was encouraging in the search for Margaret Mercer of Belmont. * * * The children of Gen. Hugh Mercer were Anna Gordon Mercer, who married Robert l'atton of Fredericks- , burg; John Mercer, William Mercer, George Weedon Mercer and Hugh Mercer, who married I-,ouisa Griffin. A soi^ of the latter was Hugh Weedon Mercer of Georgia, major general, Confederate states army, who died at Baden-Baden in 1S77. Other children were George Weedon Mercer, Julia Weedon Mercer, who died in 1883, the wife of Dr. Robert Rage Waller of Williamsburg; John Cyrus Mercer, surgeon in the United States and Confederate navies; Louise Mercer, who married Rev. Dr. John Leyburn of the Presbyterian Church, and George Anderson Mercer, who in 18G1 married Nanny Maury Herndon, daughter of Dr. Brodie Herndon of Fredericksburg. After a fruitless search -for Margaret Mercer of Belmont, the Rambler turned to Bishop Meade's "Old Ghurches of Virginia." There was a chapter on Cameron and Shelburne parishes. Among the old churches in that part of the country he mentioned one near Gum Spring, "not far rrom the junction of the roads from Georgetown and Alexandria to Leesburg"; another "mountain chapel in a gap in the Short hill not far from Geesburg," the church at Leesburg, the church at Middleburg and another it a place called Pot House. The old ireachers in that neighborhood were the Revs. John Andrews, Archibald Vvens, Spencc Grayson, James Scott, KJIIIInm 1 e!rrk P.eiffitk Al?vnn_ rv laiiain ucigu, j.'a v iu vji iiiiiu, mcaauler McFardun, John Dunn, Thomas rackson and Rev. Mr. Cutler. As the svening wore on the Rambler came jpon this paragraph in connection with the church at Reesburg: "The Rev. George Adie took charge nf it in 1832, and continued in it until his death, in 18.1(1, being its faithful, laborious and beloved minister for nearly twenty years, and has been succeeded by the Rev. Mr. Caldwell. Mr. Adie. for many years connected with his charge at Reesburg, held regular though infrequent services at Upperville, Middleburg and Aldie. He ilso acted as chaplain of the female school at Belmont, a few miles from Reesburg, kept by Miss Margaret Mercer. For a faithful and deeply interesting account of this remarkable woman we must refer nur readers to the little volume by Dr. Caspar Morris of Philadelphia, than which there are few biographies more Just, more edifying or more pleasing. Miss Mercer still lives in the memories and afTections of her numerous pupils, who are scattered nvcr the land. "For some years the Sunday afternoon services of Mr. Adie were held In the large hall at Belmont, but, as there were very many poor In the neighborhood, Miss Mercer, at her own txpense, put up a neat little chapel a short distance from the house for their benefit. I have spent some interesting seasons in this house of 3od, preaching and administering ronfirmation. Miss Mercer was then md there to b" seen in her highest tlory and happiness in the midst of ner pupils and the poor." Searching for the book by Dr. Morris. referred to by Bishop Meade, but lot finding it. the Rambler came upon i book written by Miss Mercer, entitled. "Popular Rectures on Ethics jr Moral Obligations, for Use in Schools." It was printed at Petersburg, Va., in 1841, by Edmund and lullan Ruflln. The next mall brought to the Rambler a letter from a friend in Ixsesburg containing much valuable information concerning; Miss Mercer xnd her family, but this part of the subject must be postponed until the next ramble. A Prison Break. cpHE Germans," said Representative Coady of Maryland, "began heir camouflage democracy .by makng Ti'lnce Mux of Radon prime minster." He smiled and went on: "That's as bad a break as the minster made in the prison. Conducting l Thanksgiving service for the con'Icts, the minister announced that the ipening hymn would be "The Dying Thief Rejoiced to Sec!" "