OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 14, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1918-12-14/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

SEARCH FOR LIQUOR
NOT GENERAL RULE
Official Explains That Afifidavit
Case Does Not Establish
Practice.
EACH CHARGE ON MERITS
Action of the police last night ir
searching premises in the southwesl
for whisky shipped from Baltimore
on a motor truck, with an affidavil
attached, does not mean that every
Washingtonian who has liquoi
shipped to him under the affidavil
system will be required to prove ir
court that the whisky is for his owr
use.
This statement was made today by
Assistant Ditrict Atorney Ralph Given,
in charge of liquor prosecutions, when
asked if it had been decided to place
liquor brought into the city under
affidavits in the same category with
intoxicants brought from Baltimore
by passengers on electric cars and
trains.
Prosecuted on Merits.
Mr. Given said the case in -fe'hich the
police seized affidavit liquor last
night would be prosecuted on its own
merits ana must not be construed as a
precedent for similar action against
all persons who have liquor shipped
to them under affidavits, which state
that it is for the use of the person to
whom shipped.
Jt is agreed by all officials engaged
In the police crusade to stop bootlegging
that the President's proclamation
gives the police authority to require
anybody who has liquor within
bye miles of a military camp to show
in court that the whisky is for personal
or family use.
Police Court adjourned early today
after hearing three cases ? f persons
brought into court to show that the
whisky they brought from Baltimore
was for the use of their families.
I>uring the first week of prosecutions
under the prohibited zone law
there were twenty-two convictions,
eleven dismissals and four cases
nolle pressed. Practically all of this
week's cases involved colored people.
Ten Cases Refused.
A motor truck from Baltimore appeared
at Center market about noon
with a consignment of ten cases of
whisky to a dealer there, but he refused
to accept it, declaring he had
not ordered it. Policeman Wilson of
the sixth precinct was in the market
when the consignment was refused.
Police had been told that some of
the market dealers had made a practice
of "chipping in" and ordering
liquor in the name of one of their
number, but today they were unable
to do anything about the ten cases
Involved.
Shortly afterward, however, six cases
were delivered and placed in a shed in
the rear of a house near 4th and L
streets, where it was found by Sergt.
Curry and Policeman Wilson and taken
to the sixth precinct station.
.;Louis Fletcher, a colored resident of
Ball court, was arrested as being the
owner of the liquor. He was held for
a Police Court hearing.
?
Disclosure Result of Search.
Following the arrest of the driver
of an express wagon from Baltimore
for delivering packages of "wet"
goods to South Washington residents,
Capt. George H. Williams of the fourth
police precinct served a search warrant
on the premises of John J. Madden,
a near-beer establishment, at 401
4^6 street southwest, and found 120
quarts of whisky, thirteen quarts of
port wine and sixteen bottles of bitters
marked 20 per cent alcohol. Mrs.
Madden told Capt. "Williams the
liquor was shipped for personal use
or family consumption.
Thirteen passengers on the "boot
leg* special" that arrived shortly after
3 o'clock yesterday afternoon, "Friday.
the 13th," were taken to the
mrvih precinct police station to answer
charges of bringing liquor Into
the five-mile military zone.
Federal Agents in Crusade.
Officials of the "War Department.
Treasury and Department of Justice
are taking part in the crusade
against bootleggers. Ten special
agents of the three departments have
reported to Maj. Pullman. They were
assigned to duty under Capt. James
Hartley of the ninth precinct, in
which are the main routes for the
Baltimore liquor patrons to Washington.
E. I. SATJNDERS DEAD ABROAD.
Formerly Employed in This City,
He Enlisted at War's Outbreak.
l3dwin Irving Saunders, who enlisted
In the United States Army at the
outbreak of the war. died recently in
England of pneumonia.
Saunders was a native of Butylo,
Va., but had been working in this city.
A brother, Q. M. Sergt. Richard O. E.
Saunders, Is detailed at marine headquarters
here. Graduating from the
Atlanta College of Pharmacy in 1915,
young Saunders c ame to this city. He
enlisted in the Medical Corps of the
Afmy, and in October, iyi7, went to
France.
He died at Alexandria Park Hospital.
Stocksport, England, and was
buried with full military honors at
Willow Grove cemetery, Reddish.
? m
FIVE-MILE HIKE TOMORROW.
Wanderlusters Also Plan to Cook
Meal on Camp Fire.
A five-mile walk will be held to?
V... v, ^
I!iuri U" I'J UIC II ftliutl lUOltlO. 1 lie
party will leave 3 4th street and Colorado
avenue and follow Hock creek
a short ways before entering a woodecj
ridge. The terminus will be 36th
and Connecticut avenue.
If weather permits a t*amp fire will
cook a meal. It is suggested that the
hiikers bring something to cook.
' Fatally Shot in Game of Craps.
Marry Bowman, colored, 31 Hanover
street, suffering from bullet
wounds in his hip and body, was
brought from Indian Head yesterday
and taken to Casualty Hospital, w here
h<i jilied several hours later. James
Alvin Simms. colored, twenty-four
v?ars old. a resident of Philadelphia,
was arrested for the shooting. He is
said to 'have admitted the shooting
d i|Flng a game of craps, and was
tinned over.to the Charles county authorities.
Court to Limit Recess.
Tfee District Supreme Court will limit
its Christmas recess this year owing
to the crowded condition of the dockrts.and
the time lost during the epidemic.
Chief Justice McCoy announced
today that adjournment would be
taken Monday afternoon, December
11H, and that the various branches of
the court would reconvene Monday,
December 30.
Final Prices on Liberty Bonds.
KEW YORK, December 14.?Final
prices on liberty bonds were: 3Via, *7.30;
flrpt convertible 4a, 93.40; second 4s,
93.lt; first convertible 4Vis, *7.10; sso
PARIS MAKES VAST FETE
OF PRESIDENT'S VISIT
(Continued from First Page.)
, lining the road from the Place de
L'Etolle to the Place de la Concorde,
which afforded advantageous seats
for the long wait in prospect.
The people, crowded thickly upon
the grassy slope of the old Paris
fortifications, could be heard crying
in English: "Welcome Wilson! Long
live Wilson!" Or in great choruses
like a college yell, shouting: "Wilson,
Wilson, Wilson!"
The passage of the presidential train
from Brest to Paris gave evidence of
the interest the population attached
to the President's visit. At every station
along the railway crowds of men,
1 women and children waited through
the night for the passing of the
train, hoping to catch a glimpse of
the American executive. Through the
i night along the route their cheers
t could be heard as the train slid by
in the darkness.
Socialists Call Off Parade.
Cablegram to The -Evening Star and
Chicago Daily News. Copyright, 1018.
: PARIS, December 14.?It was ar,
ranged yesterday that President Wilson
was to receive at 3:30 this afternoon
a delegation of twenty members
of the French socialist party and
the general labor confederation, who
desire to present him a message of
' homage from the French working
people.
i Their intention to march with their
. thousands of followers past the Murat
mansion at the same hour In a
i monster demonstration had to be
i abandoned, as Premier Clemenceau
refused to authorize the manifesta'
tion unless Mr. Wilson gave his personal
permission.
Since it was intended to be In Mr.
Wilson's honor, the socialists Pelt
that it ^ould embarrass him if they
i asked for his authorization. They
: also abandoned the idea of holding a
i manifestation without the govern.
ment's permission, because It was
: feared that this might lead to lncil
dents which would also place Mr.
> Wilson in an embarrassing position.
Paris Press Devotes Much
Space to President and
Americans' Work in War
PARIS, December 14 (by the Associated
Press).?The front pages of the
newspapers this morning are devoted
' to details of the reception to be accorded
President Wilson by Paris today.
Pictures of Mr. and Mrs. Wil!
son are printed by all the newspapers.
Long editorials recounting character1
istics of the President, outlining his
' policies and describing his work during
the war fill the journals.
In addition considerable attention Is
paid to the part that Americans have
played in the war, the battles of
Chateau-Thierry. St. Mihiel and the
Argonne being described.
Editors Extend Welcome.
PARIS, Friday, December 13 (Havas).?All
newspapers here published
' editorials welcoming President Wilson
to France and assuring the American
President of the hearty reception
awaiting him in Paris.
"Since the United States has gloriously
fought in the great struggle
which convulsed Europe." says the
-temps, we WISH mac wuun; ?.v* v,vutinue
to interest itself in European
problems. Henceforth the French and
American people will know each other
better. Our smallest villages will al,
ways remember the American soldiers.
The Americans, for their part,
will carry home with them memories
of France. We love to think that
President Wilson when he will have
..returned to the_.White House wiU recall
in his meditations the image of
Paris which will greet him tomorrow.
"Our visitor expects no flattery
from us," the Temps continues. "He
is the chief of a free nation and likes
to bo told the truth on this side of
the Atlantic as well as on the other
side. He will listen to convictions
more willingly than to adulation. We
can speak to nim with an open heart.
Like him France wishes victory to be
complete. Like him France desires a
just peace. There is no French imperialism.
We are thinking only of
healing the wounds of the past And
preparing for the future."
"His Goal Is Ours."
The Journal des Debats says:
"President Wilson's greatest desire is
to bring about a lasting peace based
on justice. That goal is also ours. All
Frenchmen must use their utmost
strength to bring about the realization
of that ideal. Americans rushed
to our assistance in the name of certain
principles which involved certain
conditions. The danger is past,
but the principles and conditions remain."
The Matin publishes an address of
Marshal Joffre to President Wilson.
The marshal writes:
"France owes an immense debt of
gratitude to America, which gave us
victory. It is with sincere joy that
we see President Wilson arriving,
recollecting all he did and thinking
of all be can do. Thousands of French
lives were saved by the intervention
of the United States. It is with all
my heart that I will join tomorrow
in the cry of the whole Frerfch people:
'Long live the United States!
Long live Wilson!'"
London Press Cordial.
LONDON, Friday, December 13.?
The weekly review's extend the warmest
welcome to President Wilson and
the most cordial wish for the success
of his mission. They discuss his policy
and intentions with considerable
anxiety, especially as regards the
freedom of the seas and a league of
nations.
The Spectator, which may be regarded
as reflecting the government
views, declares that the pivot on
which the world's future turns is the
i deep and lasting friendship between I
Great Britain and the United States
and that while that is kept firmly in
view there is no possibility of misunderstandings.
It contends that
freedom of the seas must be interpreted
in the British sense, and that
to discuss it at all before a league of
nations actually is In existence would
be a cardinal mistake.
World-Wide Monroe Doctrine.
The Spectator advocates as a set-oft
that the Monroe doctrine ought to be
accepted as the public law of the
world and duly formulated and confirmed
with the sanction of all the
parties to the peace settlement.
The Nation, representing anti-governmental
thought, describes the
President as the "intellectual sensation
of the war as Lloyd George is
its popular diversion." The newspaper
continues:
"If Europe reverts to armaments,
annexations, conscription and secret
treaties. America, in the person of her i
great President, will wash her hands
of European concerns and shake the
dust of Europe from her feet forever,
tine thing is certain: if President
Wilson's counsel is rejected, nothing
j can avert a universal revolution."
j Plea for Lasting Friendship.
This morning's London newspapers I
express their cordial greetings to I
President Wilson upon his arrival In
Europe.
The Times remarks that Americans
have every reason to be proud of
the position which the President holds
on the world's stage. Prom general
encomiums, the newspaper passes to
an earnest plea for a cordial and
lasting friendship between Great
Britain and the United States. It reI
huts the notion which it _ says is
1 sometimes expressed In America that
Great Britain is out of sympathy with
. modern ideas of progress, is selfish
. and grasping in international affairs
and is approaching the peace confer1
once in that spirit.
Great Britain's aims In the east,
the Times continues, are no more
selfish than the Monroe doctrine, and,
like the doctrine, are merely directed
to acting as a ctvlllred force. It adds:
"As long as the wishes of the people
are eerved and there Is safety In
India, we would welcome America as
one of the executive trustees of the
conscience of Europe."
German militarism, the Times says:
"If America can show a way In
which the navy can better discharge
a duty to human liberty we would
consider it all the more willingly
because it was advocated by her."
Regarding hints that England is
only half in sympathy with a league
of nations, it explains:
"Why, the very idea is as English
as can be."
The newspaper concludes by again
welcoming the President, because he
brings a draft of liberty from the
new world, and because he comes in
the most useful if the most difficult
role of a candid friend.
Home President Occupies
is in Fashionable Section
and Full of Treasured Art
The town house of Prince and
Princess Joachim Murat, placed at the
disposal of President and Mra Wilson
during their stay in Paris at the request
of the government, is located
on the Rue de Monceau. This street,
although one of the most fashionable
P?l. rnn?>1n> ell
sorts of houses. Adjoining the Murat
house on the right is the Ste. Marie
Institution, a large school for children,
consisting of many buildings
and a playground. Across the street
live a woman artist and a doctor, and
there are a group of offices and a
butcher store. On the corner there is
the familiar little French cafe, with
a few iron tables and chairs on the
sidewalk In front, where signs announce
that wine and beer are for
sale.
Hidden by Stone Wall.
Although the Murat mansion Is rapidly
becoming known as "a Maison
Blanche de Paris," it is not white, but
a dull brown tint. The house itself
is hidden from the street by a stone
wall ten feet high, in which there are
two narrow wooden gates and. in the
center, a big double door for vehicles.
Inside the gates is a large graveled
space. Here the guard of honor will
be stationed. A low ornamental iron
fence on the side away from the
school separates the court from the
spacious grounds and gardens stretching
away for half a block and inclosed
by a stone wall, giving complete
privacy.
Broad graveled walks wind through
green lawns under trees of great size.
A stroll around the gardens gives a
view of elaborate conservatories at
the rear of the house. At the rear,
also, are the servants' quarters, the
garage and other outbuildings which
are reached by a passageway under
the house at the side nearest the
school.
Interior Arrangements.
On the lower floor of the mansion, in
addition to salon, ballroom, dining and
breakfast rooms, there are a private
study, which the President will use.
and offices for his personal staff. The
upp^r floors contain great high-cellinged
sleeping chambers and other
rooms wonderfully decorated with
priceless collections of antiques.
In the. sleeping chambers are enormous
four-poster beds, some of which
require little steps to enable the occupant
to climb in. Stern old gentlemen,
some in the uniform of the days
that are past, and many beautiful
women in the costumes of the times
in which they lived, look down from
nearly every wall. Golden cherubs
peep from above the handsome tapestries
in one chamber.
? nrnfnoinn 4t'/artr mlnla .
xncic i o a pi viuotwii ui. i > v/i j ?
tures and all manner of .vases and ornaments
gathered from the world's
four corners. Every room contains at
least three long French windows,
delicately curtained.
The President and his suite will have
their own private telephone exchange
as well as private telephone wires.
President May Remain
Abroad Two Months;
Another Visit Is Hinted
ON BOARD THE U. S. S. GEORGE
WASHINGTON, Thursday, December
12 (by wireless to the Associated Press).
?President Wilson will remain in Europe
probably for two months, returning
to Washington, if indications prevail
that his presence is necessary, just before
the close of the present Congress.
If later he is required at the peace
table it is said he will not hesitate to
return to France. It is known, however,
that he hopes to avoid this latter contingency
and that all affairs requiring
his counsel will be disposed of before
the middle of February.
PRESIDENT IS MADE
"CITIZEN OF PARIS"
PARIS, December 13 (Havas).?By
a unanimous vote the municipal council
of Paris today decided to confer
upon President Wilson the title of a
citisen of Paris. The resolution proposing
to confer citizenship upon the
President says, In part:
"We wish to express our homage
and gratitude to the great President
who, for justice and right, placed
America by the side of the free peoples
against Germanic oppression and
rendered possible the magnificent
triumph which we have witnessed."
RED CROSS STICKERS
ADORN AUTOMOBILES
Boy Scouts and Many Volunteer
Workers Busy Today Placing
Membership Appeals.
Boy Scouts and hundreds of volunteer
boy workers labored assiduously
today on the downtown streets
tagging automobiles with Red Cross
stickers and the admonition to join
the Red Cross. The great national
movement to swell the existing 22,000,000
membership of the Red Cross
will begin Monday, and it is hoped
that every man, woman and child in
the United States will have become
a member of the relief organisation
by the time the campaign closes, December
23. The annual dues are 91.
At noon Monday, as a reminder that
the American nation will enroll as a
unit to back up the society, which
has done so much for the men in uniform
and has helped ease suffering of
wounded soldiers of all nationalities,
a large aeroplane will circle over the
city and bombard it with Red Cross
literature. The literature will Include
a new fable, by George Ade, on the
work of the Red Cross.
Every member of the Rotary Club
of Washington enrolled with the Red
Cross at the club luncheon yesterday
at noon, after President John Poole
had explained the purpose of the
movement.
Many posters are being put up about
the city by the Red Cross committee,
one of the best being a portrayal of
a child putting the Red Cross insignia
in a window. The original, by Jessie
Wilcox Smith, hangs in the window at
headquarters and is valued at $10,000.
William J. Eynon, head ef the cam
mlttee on government employee, has
pledged for his committee 100,000
members from the federal employes,
and has challenged other members of
the general committee to match his
accomplishment with a like number
from other sources.
CONTROVERSY CAUSED BY
NEWBERRY CREDENTIALS
Presentation to the Senate today of
the formal election credentials at
Truman H. Newberry at Michigan,
the republican senatorial candidate
whe defeated Henry Vend, democrat,
resulted in a oontroverar Which culminated
la withdrawal w the credentials
far the preeeatl _g_
w ill SUV I
BOLSHEVIK TRO
TOWARD CEi
Advance on Front of 4
Everything in Thar I
Divisions, With Cavt
PARIS, December 14 (Haves).?Bol- 1
shevik troops, consisting of eleven 1
Infantry divisions and cavalry and
artillery, are marching toward central
Europe on a front of 400 miles
from tho Oulf of Finland to the
Dnieper river, according to dispatches *
from Bern. The advance began No- t:
vember 11, the day the German t
armistice was signed. 0
German soldiers, the advices add, *
are Joining the bolshevlki, who are
reported to be destroying everything
in their path and capturing material ~
left behind by the Germans In their '!
withdrawal westward. 1
a
European capitals in the last week
have reported the bolshevlki advanc- n
lng through Esthonla. which lies im- d
mediately south of the Gulf of Fin- n
BE fflOPfSKU DIES I
FOLLOWING DFEHOtl
Was Federal Jurist in Georgia and (
Former Eepresentative
in Congress.
MACON, Ga., December 14.?Judge
Emory Speer of the United States dis- c
trict court for the southern district of e
Georeria. died in a hospital here at 9 8
o'clock last night. t
Judge Speer underwent an opera- G
tlon last Wednesday for gallstones, t
which the surgeons announced as "se- h
rious." A statement was given out h
later, however, that his condition was
as satisfactory as could be expected, s
and the Judge's friends began to hope f
for an early recovery. iJ
111 for Three "Weeks. ?
Judge Speer had been ill for three p
weeks, and his physicians had made ,
preparations to take him to a Baltimore
hospital for the operation. His 6
condition became so critical, however,
th&t early this week it was decided
to abandon the trip and perform the
operation in a local institution. A
rally after the operation was followed h
by a sinking spell, and the condition t
of the jurist had grown increasingly .
alarming to members of his family,
who remained at the bedside until the s
end came, at 9 o'clock. u
Judge Speer was conscious to the ?
last and recognized those about him.
He is survived Dy his widow, one sis- 1
ter and five daughters. He will be t
buried in Macon.
Judge Speer was seventy years of h
age, having been born at Culloden, S
Gr? September 3, 1848. Despite his t
age, he had been extremely active n
during the last few months, especially P
in the interest of the liberty loans and t
other government movements in an *
effort to win the war. P
h
Soldier of Civil War.
Enlisting in 1864, Judge Speer serv- a
ed until the end of the civil war as a C
private in the 5th Kentucky (Orphan) d
Brigade. After the war he entered s
the University of Georgia and was n
graduated from that institution in g
1869. h
Judge Speer served four years as a f
solicitor general In Georgia (1873-76). o
and served two terms in Congress. He o
was eleced to the Forty-sixth Con- a
gress on the democratic ticket, but e
disagreed with that party's policies
and ran for the Forty-seventh Con- c
gress as an independent and won. 1
Later he Joined the republican party I
and was United States attorney for t
one term, after which he was appointed.
in 1885, as United States district ?
judge for the southern district of ?
Georgia. This position Judge Speer ,
had occupied continuously until his
death. ?
Judge Speer was widely Known as j
an orator and a writer on legal sub- E
jects and had served as dean of the ,
law department of Mercer University t
since 1893. He had sat In many r
famous cases during his time as t
United States judge, notable among e
these being the Greene and Gaynor t
case, at Savannah, in 1908.
CZERNIN, IN APR
PEACE ON EMF
Convinced, He Said ii
many, as Well as
Reached End i
VIENNA, "Wednesday, December 11 1:
(by the Associated Press).?Count f
Czernln, the former Austro-Hunga- j,
rian foreign minister, wrote frankly f
of condtlons in his correspondence b
with former Emperor Charles, as was {j
shown by letters which Count Czer- t
nin showed the correspondent today.
One of the letters, written In April, !
1917, gave the emperor warning that c
the central powers were nearing defeat.
It read: 1
"I am thoroughly convinced that J
the smashing point has been reached. c
Germany, as well as ourselves, has
reached the end of her resourees. Re- J
sponsible political authorities do not t
deny It, but military circles In Ber- 1
lin are Indulging In self-deceit. I *
am convinced that, should Germany t
attempt another winter campaign, an <
upheaval will occur In the empire. 1
That would be far worse than a dls- *
aavanxas ouuo pcava.
"If the sovereigns of the central (
empires are unable to conclude peace I
within a few months, then the peoples c
of the empire will do it, and a wave f
of revolt will sweep ^way all for <
which our brothers h^ve been fight- f
SEVERAL WOUND
ON TODAY'S
Several Washington men are report- (
ea wounded In today's casualty list. 1
Three are severely hurt. They are: j
Caph Bartow H. Hall, formerly of the ^
Interstate Commerce Commission;
Corp. Charles B. Jackson of 1411 R *
street and Corp. Raymond B. Carroll, ]
3931 Grant road. s
One Is reported missing. Hs is Prl- 1
vate Walter Frederick Burkhalter,
whose brother Is an employe at the
general engineer depot, 1438 U street
Private Burkhalter is a native of Ohio. ]
Other local casualties on today's i
""wounded slightly?Sergt Thomas \
V. Adams, 804 Harvard street; Qoak "
Eddie Robson. 1830 Church street and ?
Private Clarence ? Riggers, xjif n i
^^eu^y^ ^ y Ijvee^ sr"*iuju|jjl>??4S )
?
OPS MARCH
NTRAL EUROPE
00 Miles and Destroy
?ath?Have Eleven
ilry and Artillery.
and. The Russians were said to be
aeetlng with but slight success.
Esthonia Appeals to the Allies.
LONDON, December IS.?An official
lspatch received in London describes
he situation of Esthonia as desperte.
German troops have destroyed
be railways and telegraphs between
he Esthonlan army and Reval, and.
?ttia arTnv'fl lack of arms and
mmunltlon, the bolahevlki are adancing.
The bolshevik government has delared
the Esthonlan government outiwed,
and the latter has appealed to
he entente allies for a supply of arms
nd ammunition.
A dispatch from Helsingfors anounces
the arrival of a British squadron
of cruisers, destroyers and submarines
at RevaL
II. S. GAS WOULD HAVE
MHEUOEM
Jen. Sibert Tells How End of War
Came Just as Production Was
on Effective Scale.
When hostilities ceased the Amerian
Army was being prepared and
quipped to hurl ten tons of mustard
as into the German forces for every
on the Germans could deliver, MaJ.
len. William Ik Sibert, director of
he chemical warfare Service, said
ere last night at a dinner given in
is honor.
The day that the armistice was
igned, he said, plains for the manuacture
of the standard gases were
a operation with a manufacturing
apaclty greater than that of Enga.nd
and France combined. This caaclty
would have been trebled in
he case of certain gases before the
eglnning of the new year.
New Mask Perfected.
Gen. Sibert revealed the fact that
is department had perfected a new
ype of gas mask for the defeifse of
he American Army which was far
uprior in every respect to any mask
sed by either the enemy or the allied
orces. He added that 400,000 of
hese masks had been produced when
he war ended.
"The soldier must do a large part of
Is fighting in a gas mask," said Gen.
IDeri, 11 mm lyire U1 ?Hi laiu nan
o prevail, and a fighting' gas mask
lust be developed without mouthpiece
or nose clip and one +n which
he eye pieces would not dim. This
ype of mask was just coming into
production and about 400,000 of them
ad been made when hostilities ceased."
Speaking of the work done to equip
he Army with gas shells and new
nd nvore terrible poisonous vapors,
lol. W. H. Walker, in charge of prouction,
said that the great plant contracted
at EdgeWood, Md., was "the
tost deadly institution since time bean."
The work in progress there
as been carefully guarded heretoore.
but Col. Walker told something
f the enormous quantities of poisonus
gases that were being turned out
nd shipped abroad when the fighting
nded.
While he gave no figures, he indlinted
that casualties among the enisted
men who handled these deadly
iroducts at the plant "would be hard
o match on the battle front."
In concluding his address. Gen. Slier
t pointed out that the United
Itates had always been backward In
he development of chemical englneerng
projects. The war had made It
ilain, he said, that this was not beause
of lack of ability among Amercan
chemists or engineers. He expressed
the hope that the nation
could take Its lesson to heart in this
egard and that both Congress and
irivate enterprise would perpetuate
he science and industry of chemical
nglneering that the war had served
o inaugurate in this country on a
icale never before possible.
[L, 1917, URGED
>EROR CHARLES
a Letter, That GerOurselves,
Had
of Resources.
ng. Perhaps months will elapse beore
America can throw the strength
f her battalions into the fight, but
ler moral support is a very great
actor. The central powers cannot
iope for new reinforcements. Delay
> to our disadvantage for our enemies
iave more time and can wait longer
na.il we.
The letter then outlined the plans
or the coming- offensive against the
talians, French and British, and
continued:
"When these offensives are stopped,
: urge that an agreement be reached
vith America before she i? able to
ihange the milttary situation to our
llead vantage."
Count Czernin explained his disjelief
in the success of Germany's
lubmarine warfare and recalled to
he emperor statements made by Field
darshal Conrad von Hoetsendorf,
rhile on a visit to Vienna. The field
narshal said, according to the letter,
hat England would be checkmated
ind that America would be paraysed
by the proposed submarine
tampalgn. The letter ended with the
olemn warning:
'We are to the end of our resources,
iermany cannot count on our sup>ort
beyond the latter part of the
:omlng summer. Before God and beore
your people it is your sacred
luty to defend your people, your
lynaatio ideals and your throne."
ED D. C. MEN /
CASUALTY LIST
Colbert, 1329 13th street; Sergt. Willam
Lewis, 1819 Leroy place; Cprp.
Frederick Champ, 647 O street; Corp.
frank A. Garner, 1914 5th street; Prlrate
Monroe Mason. 28 18th street
loutheast; Private James R. Blacklson,
807 Van street southwest; Private
Valter Dyer, 820 Cullinane court:
Private George Grose, 1822 O street^
ind Private Benjamin Cross, 1221 9th
itreet.
Socialiiti Planned Seoret League.
CHICAGO, December 14.?An o'utine
of a plan to perpetuate the
foung People's Socialist League by
means of * secret, disguised organiation,
in the event ef the league's
uppresalon by the government, was
aid before the Jury yesterday la the
**?. ' < I? ... i
PUBLIC GATHERINGS l
NOTTOJESTOPPED'
Commissioners Decide Influenza
Situation Doesn't War- *
4 rant Closing Order. I
IP
Unless Influenza Increases to an ex
tent not now anticipated, tnere win | o;
be no closing of schools, churches, b
theaters or other places of public con- 11
gregatlon, it was announced this after- pi
noon by Commissioner Gardiner. Com- m
missioner Brownlow later said a cloe- fe
ing order would not be Issued. 6i'
The situation was canvassed from s<
every angle at a meeting of the Com- j
misstoners this morning, and It was | h.
decided that the lssuanoe of a general g;
closing order would not be justified by 81
present conditions.
ei
No Occasion for Alarm.
In making this announcement Com- E
missioner Gardiner said that while
the public should exercise every precaution
to prevent spread of the disease,
there is no occasion for alarm.
To prove this the Commissioner
called attention to the number of
deaths for the period December 1 to
12. last year and this year. In 1917
there were 229 from all causes reported
between December 1 and 12. ?
This year, for the same period, there q
have been recorded 260 deaths, not- a
withstanding an estimated Increase B1
In population within the year of more t]
than 100,000. The Commissioner said H
he had called for figures from the
superintendent of schools which
would show how many pupil were
sick last year and this year during
the period December 1 to 12. C|
Appeal for Hospital Funds. <J
Commissioner Brownlow and Dr.
Fowler, public health officer of the tl
District, today conferred with mem- ?
bers of the Senate and House commlttees
on appropriations In regard B
to an emergency appropriation for a
hospital to care for influenza cases in "
the District. *"
Mr. Brownlow explained that this iv
was a preparedness measure, and that "
It might never be necessary to estab- "
llsh such a hospital. He said the hos- "
pltal was not needed at present.
The request of Mr. Brownlow and 8
Dr. Fowler met with ready response. "
A Joint resolution, providing for such "
an appropriation, will be prepared and
submitted to the House first.
Three hundred and sixty-one new 11
cases of Influenza were reported to the f'
health office up to noon today, an In- 'r
crease of eighteen over the previous *
day's report closing yesterday at noon,
when there were three hundred and "
forty-three cases. The death list for 2
yesterday totaled ten, a decrease of
three over the previous day's record, J
when there were thirteen deaths. q
TO CLOSE ROCKVHLE SCHOOLS. ?
?? a
More Cases in Montgomery County
Than in First Epidemic.
ROCKVILLE, Deeember 14.?Because
of the prevalence of Influenza. ?
of which there are said to bo more jn
cases now than during the first out- b
break, the public school authorities c
today, upon the advice of Dr. William L
T. Pratt, health officer for the county, g
decided to close the Rockvllle High p
School at once and not reopen until
after the Christmas holidays. i(
There are said to be more than 200 ft
cases of the disease In Rockvllle and T
vicinity. The disease, however. Is e
mild In type and no deaths have been k
reported. e
GEN. KUIZ IS RETURNED i
TO DUTY IN DISTRICT I
c
Resumes Post of Engineer Commissioner
Monday?Gen. Knight Goes
Back to Retired List. h
C
8
A
Under an order Issued by the chief n
of staff of the United States Army 11
Brig. Gen. Charles W. Kutz, In com- j
mand at Camp Humphreys, will re- n
turn to the District government serv- 1
ice Monday as Engineer Commissioner, ^
succeeding Brig. Gen. John G. -D. w
Knight, who returns to the retired ?
list. ' J
Gen. Kutz left the District service
July IS, 1817, for duty overseas. He {
spent a year in France, engaged In
important engineering work behind
the lines. He returned a few months
ago and was assigned to Camp Humphreys
as the commanding general. K
Was Head of Utilities Board.
During his former service in the "
Dist-'ict Gen. Kutz was chairman of i(
the Public Utilities Commission. a
He not only is thoroughly familiar *
with all the details of the work" of the
engineer department, but is thorough- ?
ly posted as to the public utilities law *
and its operations. a
Gen. Knight at the outbreak of the
war volunteered for active service .
and was assigned to the District, hav- I
ing been on the job continuously since I
that time. I
Gen. Knight Pleased With Job.
"1 have found the work most en- I
joyable and instructive," he said to- '
day, "and in its execution I appreeiate
the co-operation that has been given
me by the. heads of the departments _
and various employes of the District. J
I deem myself fortunate, also, in having
been associated with Col. Loving,
assistant engineer commissioner. Now
that the government has recalled Gen.
Kutz to duty as Engineer Commla. .
sioner, I congratulate the community
most heartily upon regaining him."
HEABST DENIES HIRING POX. '
Articles Printed Were Purchased of ?
Wildman Syndicate. z
NEW YORK, December If.?A state- P
ment has been issued by the New York b
American declaring that Edward Lyell 1
Fox never was employed by that paper ^
or by the International News Service, j,
It was explained that several articles
writjten by Fox and copyrighted by the *
Wlldroan Syndicate, by which Fox was {
sept to Germany, were published in the I
American in the fall of 1(15. No creden- ?
tiala were riven Fox by the American, it t
waa asserted, except letters of introduc- t
tion to the correspondents of th&t-vaper t
at London and The Hague. t
The statement declared that after the r
American learned in January, 1(15, that r
the German embassy suggested to the t
German foreign office that Fox's ex- 1;
pensee be paid while he was traveling in v
Germany "he was dropped."
t t
Semes at Edith Cavell's Grave, j
LONDON, December 13 (British =
wireless service).?The grave of s
Edith Cavell, the English nurse exe- I
euted by the Germans, in the Tir ns- c
tiena) cemetery at Brussels. la be- j
lieved to have been definitely located i
I MISSION TO POLAND |
T. S. and Allies to Investigate Be
ports of Atrocities Against
tlie Jews.
The United States and the allied
ountrles have agreed to send a apelal
civilian mission to Poland to lnestlgate
reports of atrocities oomiltted
in that country.
It was announced at the State Deartment
today that this step -had
sen decided upon at the Instigation |
t the French government, and has
sen approved by Polish representaves
in the various countries.
An announcement by the State Deirtnjent
said that_the Polish govern- ^
lent, through tne roiisn cnarge aai- ?
lirea in Bern, had sent word to the f,
apartment that it -will accord all posble
facilities to the mission of the as- 63
>ciated governments to investigate the
legred pogroms against the Jews In .
oland. The communication states that, ci
living learned that certain Jewish or- mirations
have requested sending of
ich a mission, the Polish govern- ti
lent will be gratilled by such a step
id will furnish such a mission with
tery possible facility and courtesy. ?
, ei
'RO-GERMAN TALK ?
AMONG LUTHERANS
IN PULPIT CHARGED
p
(Continued from First Page.) J*
bi
erman press bureau at first In prep- J*
ration of printed sheets of articles ?
ubtly presenting the German side of 2,
le war, but later he was replaced by
[ale. t(
Great Secrecy Observed. JJj
Great secrecy was observed eon- ^
srnlng the maintenance of the head- n
uarters, Capt. Lester said, a passord,
"Burgomaster," being required 111
>r admittance to Dr. Alhert's offices
lere, through part of the Hamburg
merican line ticket offices. This nl
as the frequent meeting place of von
ernstorff, Capt. Boy-Ed, von Papen,
7nlt von Igel and other German rep- ,
jsentatlves. according to the wit- '
ess, and direct wires were main- w
lined with the Sayville wireless sta- P
oW, which communicated with the ?
idio tower at Nauen, Germany. ?
J. J. Dickinson, a newspaper man
nd former major ;in the Army, was a:
ired at J40 a week to report on con- ?
dential interviews with officials, to
erman headquarters In New York,
lid Capt. Lester. Dickinson claimed
lat he had confidential relations with n
ibinet members, that he could "get "
I the back door of the White House," *c
nd boasted that he was responsible ?
>r the notorious leak on the peace *
ote, Capt. Lester declared. The witess
admitted that records showed "
lckinson did have considerable acurate
official information of a con- 0
dentlal nature, and gave it to the ?;
erman representatives. The witness
lid Dickinson succeeded a man ^
amed F. D. Schrader as Viereck's
gent.
Northcllffe Sent Cable. p
Capt. Lester read into the record a *
ablegram from. Lord Northcliife to *
rthur Brisbane, in December, 1916, n
TO months after the International U
lews Service's cable privilege had 1
een revoked, urging Brisbane to a
ome to England. v
William Bayard Hale, s%id Capt. t]
ester, became editor of the propa- li
anda sheets issued by the German a
ress bureau early in 1914, on solid- tl
ition of Dr. Dernberg, and continued r
p to May, 1916. Capt. Lester said ti
: was apparent that Hale made ef- o
>rts to keep his connections secret,
he army intelligence service has no
vldence. the witness declared, that 1
iale did work for the German gov- 1
rnment after the United States en- |
sred the war.
In May. 1916, Hale went to Berlin,
aid Capt. Lester, and "as soon as he
ecame identified with the Hearst
ervlce in Berlin he capitalized his
ormer connections as minister pleniotentiary
to Mexico, his acquaintrice
with President Wilson, and he
tas looked on at Berlin as one of
he strongest representatives America
ould have in Germany." ^
Golden Book Presented.
The Golden Book, a huge, elaboratej
decorated volume, was presented
o the committee of senators to show
ow Richard Wackerow, a German
onsul, and his associates had used it
.s a means of getting prominent
.merlcans on record as favoring Germany
and to discover who were still
uyal to the German cause. This book d
tas carried from New York to San B
'rancisco with stops in a hundred or
tore communities up to a month beore
the United States entered the n
tar, Capt. Lester said, and persons g
tho donated to a fund for German F
tar orphans were permitted to place
heir signatures in the volume, which n
tas to have been sent to the German ti
mpress. c
lorrects Statement as *
to D. C. Papers' Loyalty 1
Before the Senate committee lnves- ?
Igatlng German propaganda Senator
felson said yesterday:
Mr. Chairman: "The other day I
lade a remark that The Star was the
nly loyal paper in Washington?that
s, during the early days of the war,
nd up till the change in the Post, f
rhlch has been referred to. '
"I wish to correct that statement. I a
hould have included the Washington
[erald, which is In the same category j
s The Star." v
JRGESTHAT ALLIES ACT *
N DALMATIAN SITUATION
0
h
Provisional Government of Jugoslav
Territory Anxious Blood- j
shed Be Avoided. *
c
? g
t
Recommendation that immediate
leps be taken by the allies, and espe- *
ially by the United States, to prevent t
loodshed between the Jugo-Slav n
opulatlon of Dalmatta. Fiume and ?
iadar and the Italian army of occu- t
ation, is made in a statement issued J
y the national council in Zagreb, e
his council speaks ah the provisional *
:overnment of the Jugo-Slav terri- ?
ory formerly, incorporated in the 1
>ustro-HungarIan empire.
The statement says that the Italian
roope have occupied Fiume, although
he city was not named for occupalon
in the armistice terms: that the
tallans have seised the warships and j
merchant ships in the harbor, con- j
rary to the armlsftce. and in Dalma- *
ia as well as Flume the Italian au- *
horlties have cloned the schools and c
aken over the telegraph and rail- J
oad systems. In Zadar the ftatenent
alleges that the Italians have
orn down Jugo-Slav flags and Ital- ?
an troops assaulted the Jugo-Slav '
loDulation. ;
Though attaches of the Italian emiassy
here transmitted Information to i
tome several days ago concerning the l
ugo-Slav charges made then conernlng
alleged abuses committed by
he Italian army of occupation, no
tatement has been given out by the
tSlian embassy concerning the
harges. ?
With the Italian ambassador In .
rrance, where he went an the George
Washington as a gueat of President
WUion. It I* likely that discussions C
if the. situation are taking place by a
?111 ka lisa^aj lit rfhiH' . *" ' M
"RESIDENT TO
PEACE VIEWS CLEAP
ixpected to Amplify Utterances
on Freedom of Seas
and League of Nations.
"0 ADDRESS U.S. SOLDIERS '
1 /
Although Preaideat WTtaon made n?
:atement concerning pease tenia be
are he left the United States, he it
rpected to explain in more detail the
ppllcation of his fourteen peaee prinpies
in an address he win make be>re
American soldiers within a short
ime.
The President's address Is expected
> contain an amplification of his referlces
to freedom of the seas and to a
ague of nations, and perhaps to touch
pon the Russian problem and the queson
of indemnities.
Change In Plans Necessary.
It was understood by friends of the
resident here that this address was to
? made before the peace conference, '
at since the conference date now has
sen advanced to January 3. according
> latest dispatches, it is probable that
a will make it before American setters.
This address is awaited with kesa if- ,
srest because it probably will be the '
tost memorable and historic expression
t American national policy elnce th?
resident's utterances to Congress Just
store the declaration of war on Gerlany.
President Wilson is understood to have
ad in mind clearly before he left the
sneral outline of this speech, but to
ave Intended shaping it while on the
tgh seas.
Had it not been for the high speed
tade by the Orizaba, the vessel
hich carried several hundred Amer:an
newspaper men to France, it
as learned today, the American peole
might have been apprised by now
t the President's attitude on many
f the peace oonference questions
hich he did not touch upon in his
nnual message to Congress.
leslred Talk With Newspaper Men
A desire to talk with newspaper
len at the earliest opportunity Is
nderstood to have been the reason
>r the wireless dispatch to the Oriaba
from the George Washington,
le President's ship, requesting thqt
!ie newspaper men await the Presient'o
arrival at Brest.
But the message reached the
rizaba after most of the correspondnts
had landed and were well on
heir way to Paris. It is likely thrf"
resident will see them there.
Kay Revive Old Custom. <
Upon his return to Washington the
'resident may resume his conferences t
rlth newspaper men. which were tenures
of the early years of his aditnistratlon
before the "pltllsss pubicity"
slogan became a dead letter,
'he President Is understood to ba
ware of the criticisms directed to
ard his alleged isolation, and, now
hat the delicate International issues
ivolved in the world war are cleared '
way by peace, anxious to return to
he former frank relations with corespondents
In Washington, who
ransmlt national news to the people
f the country.
/ARDlMLLS
BOWLETALIAR"
flississippi Senator Says Hog
Island Project "Was a
Disgrace."
Senator Vardaman of Mississippi toay
in the Senate passed the lie to ,
:ear Admiral Bowles, assistant genral
manager of the American Inter- '
atlonal Corporation, who in a telerom
sent by him to Chairman
'letcher of the Senate commerce comlittee
declared the Mississippi sena>r
deliberately lied when he recently ,
ailed the Hog Island shipyard project i
n "infamous transaction." Under a
uestlon of personal privilege, Senaor
Vardaman denonnced it as "a
iece of graft, pure and simple," and
leclared the time has come when
this robbery of the government under
he guise of patriotism should stop."
Call Project a Disgrace.
"I believe the Hog Island projeot,"
aid Senator Vardaman, "is a disgrace
o the administration, an affront to
very man who wore a uniform and
n outrage to the taxpayers of the land."
He charged that the Emergency
'leet Corporation was organized by
wealthy men under the cloak of pariotism,
who obtained possession of
. "hog wallow known as Hog Isand,"
and disposed of it to the govrnment
as a shippard.
He declared there was "glaring lnompetence"
in Its management, with
ixcessive wages being paid, while
one knew anything about sblpbuild
ng. While the plant waa to cost $21.00,000
it has In reality cost $60,000.00,
Senator Vardaman declared ami
as only completed one ship.
I
That Bhip TJnseaworthy. ,
Interrupting the senator. Senator
ohnson of California, as well as
Senator Jones of Washington, delared
that this one ship was not 1
eaworthy and had to be sent back /
o the yards to be reriveted in places. I
Senator Fletcher said he under- f
tood this ship was now In service. In '
efendlng the project Senator Fetcher
ook exceptions to Senator Vardaaan's
statement that the money spe^
n the project had been "squandered,
>ut admitted the cost had been mora
han flrst estimated. Latest estimate!
is said, paced it at $58,000,000, hu
xplalned that this Increased expendl
ure had resulted in a much dlfferen
lant being constructed than originally
tanned.
TOUCH OF CHRISTMAS JOY.
METZ, Friday. December IS (by the
tssoelated Press).?Knights of Coumbus
workers began today the disributlon
of more than $50,000 worth
if American toys Op ths children of
Lorraine.
Christmas tress havs been placed
.long the roads and parcels have been
tung on them. Each parcel bears a
ard reading: "From the land of
Vashington to the children of the
and of Lafayette and Foch. Merry
Ihristtnas."
LEASES LOS ANGELES HOME.
* #
uoa ANGELES. Cel. December 14 ^
Secretary of the Treaaury W. O. McLdoo
h/is taken a three month*1 lease
in the Lee Angelas home of the late
teorge W. Houck. wire wheal bmilata.
according to a statement today
wrk .. tjt

xml | txt