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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 16, 1919, Image 1

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WEATHER. W "W Member of the Associated
?^"rtodsy and Probably tomorrow. Vy<^ ^ . . . X ^ . A aj Tbo Ablated Pre*, ., e.claaiTcl, cn.Uled t.
Temperature for the past twenty- /^| 1/^ A T CTfTVV^ ?<.!&'? iT^T*^ ?S,W$2
n^ht:H%heIt iSKataiOp.mP%Jer- I A' J ? IT 1 I I 1 1 1 jl 1 R I AT I P?P? and .,?,,? .local ~w. pubb.hcd *?*.
day; lowest. 30. at 1 a.m. yesterday. M / V H g\ All ri*hta publication of apccUl
Full report on page 10. J / 1 M ?. H / v m. dispatches herein ara alao rce-rred.
1 *J/V/ HtVvM , ? ?
No. 729-No. 27,353. WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 16, 1919* FIVE CENTS.
CONSIDER BRIDGING
MOD FOR WE
; TO ACT ON TREATY
American Delegates Seek
Way Not to Delay Other 1
Legislation.
??jiv riarr m dc ncciwiTC
OH I l~HVsl IU Dt ULI lllliu,
NOT A PRELIMINARY ONE
Britons Would let League Wait to
Hustle Matters, But Will Let
President Decide.
.By the Associated Press. I
PARIS, March 15.?The American
peace delegates are considering bridging
over the period between the signature
of the peace treaty and the ratification
of the treaty by the United
States Senate by a "modus vivcndi" declaring
hostilities ended as >5 date of
the signature, so as not to delay the j
termination of certain war legislation
4 and to enable the resumption immediately
of normal trade, while affording
the Senate the necessary time for con-sideration.
May Call Special Session. j
The question of calling a special session
of the Senate immediately after
the signing of the treaty has also ]
been under consideration.
President Wilson authorizes the ,
statement that there has been no ,
change in the original plan for link- .
ing together the league of nations and
the peace treaty.
The plan was enunciated by the
peace conference itself at the first
plenary session and, it is added, there ,
has been no departure thus far from
the order then laid down.
Await President to Act. *
The supreme war council resumed _
Its sessions this afternoon, with a dls- .
tinguished array of military and
civilian chiefs, expecting that President
Wilson would be present for the
final consideration of the military,
swl and aerial terms of the German .
* disarmament.
The President did not attend, however.
Col. [House taking his place, as
file draft of the terms in treaty form ,
hat not been completed In time to permit
of study before the meOttblr.
The President received the foil draft '
late this afternoon, and went over it
tonight article by article with Gen.
Bliss and Admiral Benson at the Paris
White House.
With the President absent, the
council deferred its military and
naval terms until Monday.
Stay Delay Treaty.
The Polish frontiers of Germany
was the next subject on the program,
but the British prime minister was
not present to proceed, so this also
was deferred. Mr. Lloyd George left
the council room soon after learning 1
that President Wilson would not 1
attend, and proceeded to the "White
House" for a conference on the
situation.
The Inevitable delays on various de- .
tails lead to doubts for the first time
In American quarters on completing
the treaty by March 25, as was exit
peeled. It has developed also that }
Mr. Lloyd George is obliged to return t
to London the middle of the coming 0
week, and he is unable to say how {
long he will be gone, owing to the t,
British labor congress and other sub- ?
jtots requiring his attention in Lon- v
don. It is hoped that he will return
within a week or ten days, or possibly j
turn over British interests to Mr. B&l- <
four, but his absence may have the (
effect of prolonging the conclusion of j
the treaty beyond the 25th. Treaty
to Be -Definite.
It was stated at American headquarters
that the treaty now being I
framed would be the definite treaty
covering all the main subjects, and
would not be a preliminary treaty. It
la the treaty which will be submitted
to the United States Senate for ratification,
and after its conclusion the
remaining details will be largely
formalities.
No decision has yet been made concerning
the seat of the league of nations,
but the minister of foreign affairs
of Belrium has written offering
one of the hlstonc palaces of Brussels
ss the home of the league, if Brussels
Is chosen. The prevailing Amerlean
sentiment continues to be favorable
to Geneva.
England Would Let League Walt.
It President Wilson Insists that the
league of nations be Incorporated in
the preliminary peace treaty the
British. It is understood, will concede
the point, although they still believe
that the preliminary pact is not the
proper place for the inauguration of
the league, which they declare should
be Included in the final peace pact.
This attitude was indicated today
after the announcement that the
American delegation strongly desired
the inclusion of the league In the pre
llminajy treaty, as well as in the final I
The British, it is made known, do ,
pot wish to delay the league of na- ,
lions pi out an, in any way, but they
express the keenest desire for the Immediate
signing of the preliminary
peace treaty, so as to alleviate unsatisfactory
conditions resulting from
the continuation of the armistice.
In order to bring speedy action they i
propose to strip the preliminary compact
of all extraneous matters, which, 1
they believe, include the league of
rations. The league, under the Brlttsh
program, would be taken up lm(Continued
on Second Page.)
f
ESCAPING HUN
PURSUED, CAV
V
Crew Saved of Interned
ing Spanish Port; I
Bermuda
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, March 15.?The German
submarine U-48, while attempting
to escape from Ferrol, Spain, last
night, was chased by a destroyer
and sunk, according to a Havas
disptach from Madrid.
The U-48 took refuge at Ferrol
In March, 1918, and was Interned.
The attempted flight of the U-boat
was observed and the torpedo boat
destroyer Antalo pursued her. The
German boat was sunk outside the
ORGANIZE 111 FIGHT'
NATIONALDRYIAW
Association Members Pledge
Make Constitutional
Amendment "Inoperative."
BRANCHES TO BE FORMED i
ly the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, March IB.?Organization
of the Association Opposed to
National prohibition was announced
lere tonight, with the avowed "prime
jurpose" of making the eighteenth
intendment to the Constitution "forsver
inoperative."
Application for incorporation unier
the laws of New York will be
nade next week, it was said. Among
:he incorporators will be Percival
i. Hill, president of the American
robhcco Company; Joseph W. "Harrinan.
president of the Harriman Na- *
:ional Bank, and Michael Friedsam, T
> resident . of B. Altman & Co. No j
>erson oflcially connected with the i
jrganization. it was declared, has a
iny interest, directly or indirectly, a
n the liquor business. . a
Will I"orzn tranches.
Play fer wgrth?a?n of brandies *
I wuliMmMed, tut atarlr M?.oo?
tersons -already ' have applied for
nemberahip. The organisation, it
ru declared, stands on the principle
if "personal rights and liberties,"
tad Is opposed to introduction of
my bills in Congress or in the vairi>u?
state legislatures differentiating
tetween light wines and beer and
vhisky. ?
It is as strongly opposed, the state- fi
nent declared, to prohibition by con- f
ititutional amendment of the manu- t
'acture and sale of cigarettes, cough (
I rope and chewing gum as it is to
;he prohibition by constitutional *
imendment of the manufacture and
lale of intoxicants. ?
Additional Objects Stated. ,
In addition to the organization's ?
sampaign to influence public opinion 8
'or "maintenance of the standards of 1
>ersonal liberty" by "all lawful and c
>roper means," the organisation also
iropoees to disseminate information c
-egarding the political, social and '
economic effect of the pronibiuon i
>f the sale of alcoholic beverages, to i
iromote temperance in the use o< aico- <
lolic beverages, "and to oppose any f
aovement to limit or discontinue the <
use of tobacco." <
The organization will hold mass i
neetlngs and parades in forty-three <
iittes on April 1$, the anniversary of
the firing of the first gun of the
txnerican revolution. A national contention
is to be held, the announcenent
says, between June 1 and June
15. J
500 YANKEES ABROAD |
TO FORM VETERAN BODY t
Ueat. Col. Boosevelt Arranging:
Caucus In This Country
for April 12.
PARIS. March 15 (by the Associated
:*ress).?Five hundred officers and en- '
isted men of the American expediionary
forces have taken the first
iction here toward the formation of
tn association of veterans of the
world war similar to the Grand Army
>f the Republic. A caucus was called
x> design the machinery for a na*
tional convention in America next
rear and the election of delegates to
the convention from the forces now
,n France.
Lieut. Col. Roosevelt is arranging
for a caucus in the United States on
flpril 12.
The proceedings at the meeting
Sere were opened by Maj. Eric Wood,
who said that the organization would
eventually include all men who served
slther at home or abroad. Lieut. Col.
Bennett Clark, son of Champ Clark,
was elected temporary chairman. It
is understood that the American organisation
will be affiliated with
similar British and French bodies.
Find Bomba Long Buried.
BUENOS A IRES, rfarch 18.?Workmen
making an excavation for a
building at Bahla, Brazil, today unearthed
a sine box containing four (
dynamite bomba, says a dispatch to ]
the Raxon from Bahla. The bombs I
apparently had been baried nearly a I
half century, as they vers wrapped ]
In a copy of the New York Weekly 1
Bulletin of the year 1174. 1
i
SUBMARINE 1
GHT AND SUNK
i
f German U-Boat FleeVas
Reported Off
in 1917.
Ferrol roads. The crew was saved, j
When the German submarine
TJ-48 sought refuge at Ferrol her
propellers were unshipped by the
authorities and her guns and mu
nitiona were taken out, according
to dispatches from that port. The
captain of the submarine declared
that his craft had been damaged
severely in a fight with three
ships. The U-boat carried a crew
of thirty men, and for a time a
Spanish warship stood guard over
her. In 1917 the U-48 was reported
off Bermuda. '
BROTHERHOOD MEN
MAY JOIN STRIKE:
Atlanta Men Term L. & N.
President "Arch Foe
of Workers."
]
CONFERENCES ARE HELD J
ATLANTA, Ga., March 15. ?With
iractically all railway clerks in Atanta
out in support of the walkout
>f clerks throughout the Nashville, 1
lhattanooga and St. Louis railroad, it "
vas announced here that orders had
>een issued late today calling out all
derks on the Atlanta, Birmingham
md Atlantic Railway Company's sysem.
At Fitzgerald it was said yard
md shop employes also walked out.
Brotherhoods Undecided
c
After a conference of anion officials
tere late today it was announced that
k> decision had been reached regardng
the proposal for all the railroad
trotherhoods to join the clerks, who
.re demanding removal of the federal
auditor of the Nashville, Chattanooga
nd St. Louis railroad.
J. J. Forrester, head of the Brotherlood
of Hallway Clerks, arrived here
onight fom Washington and. went
ito conferences with B. L. WInchell,
egtona} director. Shortly before the
onferenco began the local clerks'
ommittee issued a lengthy statement
gardtng the walkout of the Nash'llle,
Chattanooga and St. Louis
lerks.
President Smith Blamed.
Conditions leading up to the walk>ut
were blamed upon Milton H.
Imith. president of the Louisville and
lashvllle railroad, which owns a conrolling
interest in the Nashville,
lhattanooga and St. Louis. The statenent
termed President Smith the
'arch foe of the worker." Federal
danager Mapother and Federal Aulitor
Ottarson tho <?ini,iro? *
, ? W.VAU DiaiClIltilll |
isserted, were appointed throiigh |
Smith's influence. Ottarson. the
itatement said, "swore in 1917 that |
le would yet live to break up" the
lerks* organisation.
Charges that Ottarson had refused
rvertime payment after clerks had
vorked eight hours, had declined to ,
jermit annual vacations and sick pay
nrhen in the latter case other clerks
loubled up so as not to increase the
ay roll, also were made. Disregard
>f seniority in promotions also was
charged. It was asserted Director
Winchell had failed to remedy these
sonditions.
Embargo Put on Freight.
CHATTANOOGA. Tenn., March 15.?
Developments in the strike of clerks
ind truckmen on the Nashville, Chatanooga
and St. Louis railway here
eday were featured by an embargo
>laeed on freight from this road by
:lerka In the offices and yards of the
louthern railway system, following a
neeting of the brotherhoods.
may aid.strike situation.
Interpretations of Order Sent to Atlanta
by Bailroad Administration.
The railroad administrating ?
?J toici - I
Lay issued a series of interpretatons
of a previous order giving wage
ncreases to railway clerks. Officials
?elleved that some of the interpreta.ions,
which covered such subjects as
working hours, overtime pay and
netbods of calculating wage advances,
might have some effect in
composing differences which caused ?
l strike of clerks on the Nashville. Chattanooga
and St. Louis railroad. I
The interpretations were prepared,
however, before the strike.
The interpretation was to the effect
that the increases provide? in the
previous order were based upon the
ates of pay in effect January 1, 1918,
>efore the application of the general ^
vage advance of June, 1918. 8
The interpretations were telegraph- ?
sd today to B. F. Wincbell, director of p
Lh? southern regions at Atlanta. "
1
CUTS RED TAPE AND PAYS
DEBT OF TEN MILLIONS i
1
il
d
To aid the railroad administration n
to meet its urgent obligations the Navy t<
Department yesterday cut *Yed tape" T
tnd made a payment of $10,000,000 to I
wttle debts which ordinarily would not
r.ave been paid for aeveral months. This a
was the largest single payment made u
by the Navy dprlng the war period. s
NEVERTHOUGHT
^
IT WOULD -?=
ruRN AGAIMSTVjifi-,
?/\EHT15 OWN yX
^ CREATOR'^?HUNS
LEAD
TO DEATH
'ormer Soldiers Pie
Terror's Mercy?
Before Ma
BY BEN HBCHT.
hlegnm to The Sunday Star ant
Chicago Dally News. Copyright. 1919.
BERLIN, March 11 (Delayed).?
A noisy, good natared crowd
waited outside the sun-flecked
walls of Moabit prison this afternoon?men,
women and children.
They had been waiting since
morning. They stood about in
well dressed groups, talking and
laughing.
The day grew brighter and the
sun shone more warmly. A hurdy
gurdy struck up a rollicking
tune around the corner, and then
the "white terror" came. It
marched in perfect step to the
rollicking tune of the street organ.
In the gray uniform of the
Rhinehardt regiment, its helmets
shining green and the barrels of
the rifles shining gray, the "white
terror" advanced toward the gate
in Moabtt's walls.
Peer at "Creatures."
The noisy crowd became silent.
-me so?oiers, raarcninj towaru. me,
prison sate, began firing their
rifles into the air, closing up their
ranks and watching carefully for
any movement in the crowd. Machine
guns began to peep over the
tops of motor lorries loaded with
soldiers. But the crowd made no
movement. Men, women and children
rose on their toes to peer
over the heads of the marching
soldiers at "the creatures!" who
walked within military lines.
Handcuffed two by two, these
creatures moved with the soldiers.
They were the men who
had been captured in the cleanup
of the workingmen's sectors of
the city, where the government is
still fighting the mob army of
Spartacans. workers, marines and
red guarders. They were being
led now to be put to death, under
a law made by Gen. Noske that
oitizens found armed or suspected
of fighting the government should
be summarily killed.
The "white terror" approached the
prison walls. A sound resembling
men's voices came from inside the
soldiers' ranks. For a moment the
crowd was unable to make out the
cause of the noise. Then it realized
that the "creatures" were pleading
for mercy.
I caught a glimpse of the men being
led inside the prison gates. I
saw a handful of disarmed, handcuffed
men, in faded soldier uniforms.
Yesterday these had been
soldiers of the kaiser and fought
shoulder to shoulder with their
comrades, now leading them to
death inside the waifs of Moabit.
Most of the prisoners, however,
SRITONS AND GERMANS
IN TRADE NEGOTIATIONS
LONDON, March 15.?British anc
erman committees have opened neotiatlons
in Rotterdam, a Germar
overnment wireless message revived
here says, concerning the exortatfon
from Germany of nrttnnh
Lmber, dyes and other products.
POULD MEDIATE POET STRIKE
BTJENOS AIRES, Argentina, Marcl
5.?Sir Reginald T. Tower, the Brit'
ih minister, has offered to act as me'
later in the port strike. The minister
iade his offer during a long conerence
with President Irigoyen today
'he president is considering Sii
teginald's proposal.
A general strike has been declare*
,t Mendnna, affecting thirty-sii
nlcne, including ifood purveyors. Th<
ltuatlon is reported to lie grave.
K.
m
FRANKENSTEIN.
comrades
FOR revolt
> *TT1
I . '
ad m Vam tor White
Game of Dominoes
chine Guns.
were workingmen, poorly dressed
I and heavy featured. Few looked
like criminals, but most of them
resembled any group of workers to
be seen leaving a factory in an
American city at 6 o'clock on any
spring day.
I counted four women. I noticed
that six of the men were lame and
were being dragged along beside
their upright comrades, chained to
their wrists, Tlyare werr^prrhSSMfc. i
200 in all; pertiaps there were more,
but I waa unable to count accurately.
They made no effort to escape.
They walked like two-legged
cattle between the ranks of armed
soldiers, with motor lorries loaded
with machine guns and more soldiers
clattering at the side.
The crowd remained silent. I
tried to talk to a lieutenant and
ask him what he was going to do
with the handcuffed men. He push
ed me aside. The Rheinhardt regi- i
ment filed in through the opened
gates. For ten minutes there was ,
silence in the sun-bathed street.
The hurdy gurdy had stopped. The
crowd had thinned out. Suddenly,
as I was turning to leave, I heard
the sputter of machine guns. They
were shooting behind the walls of
Moabit. The shooting continued.
Above the sound of the guns came
the cries of men. I could not distinguish
the words. The cries
changed to howling. The machine
guns continued. I waited till the
howling and the sputtering were
both over.
Finished at Sunset.
It had grown dark in the street.
The sun was setting. Through the
gate of Moabit prison came a.
lieutenant whom 1 recognized as
one of the men in charge of the
guards at the Hotel Adlon.
"What has happened?" I asked.
White faced, he turned to me
and whispered:
'Two hundred and twenty men?
all men and all Germans. We stood
them up and .we made them pass
in front of the machine guns. Did
you hear them howling? They fell
like dominoes two by two."
The lieutenant, shaking all over, I
hurried on. He was a young man,
fresh from the University of Berlin.
I waited till the regiment had
marched out of the gates of Moabit.
This time no "creatures" were
within the ranks. The soldiers
started back toward Alexander
I'latz. In the police headquarters
there were dozens more waiting to
play the little game of dominoes
in front of the machine guns.
"How long will the Hthite terror"
last?" I asked of Gen. Luttwitz.
"Until we stamp out the murderers
and disturbers of the peace,"
he answered.
RAILROADS GET ORDERS
; TO TURN CLOCKS AHEAD
I To nake effective the daylight sav
ing law. Director General Hines yesi
terday instructed railroads to turn
their clocks ahead one hour at 2 a-m.,
Sunday, March 30. Trains will run on
. the new schedule thereafter, but will
be held only at terminals. While on
the road they will not stop for an
hour to make up the difference In
' time. Kach railroad will be called
on to "properly safeguard movement
1 of Its trains on the road at the time
- of the change."
; "HAUL DOWJT GERMAN FLAG!"
r SANTIAGO. Chile, March 15.?Crews
of the Interned German vessels in
1 Chilean harbors, which are to be
c turned over to the United States, have
a been ordered by the minister of war to
lower the German flag on the ships.
V* ' \
?-S' J
->v
/ ' I
*
GUARD U. S. RIGHTS,
SENATOR'S DEMAND
Mr. Chamberlain Puts Them
Above Peace Treaty or
Menace of War.
CHALLENGE TO JAPANESE
Defeat of the treaty of peace and
another war would be preferable to
the surrender of any fundamental
American right. Senator Chamberlain
said in a speech to the Mississippi
Society last night.
Among the fundamental rights reiffy
W*? *' the
ntrnt to exclude orientals from the
United States.- The demand , of
Viscount Ishli, th's Japanese ambassador,
that a clause be embodied- In
the constitution of the proposed
jcftguQ ui iiauoaB lororaoing racl&l
discrimination could not be allowed,
Senator Chamberlain said.
"Would Mean Ruin of West."
To allow such a clause, he said,
would mean the rntn of the west, and
not to allow it may number Japan
among the outlaw nations. The peril
was great and could not be ignored,
the senator declared. If Japan insists
that such a clause be incorporated
in the proposed constitution,
and if the allies decline to accede
to the views of the eastern Asiatic
empire, another world war may result.
"it the allies refuse to allow the
plea of Japan and that nation declines
to join the league, then we
will have three outlawed nations?
Germany. Russia and Japan," said
Senator Chamberlain. "Then what
becomes of your world peace? The
three outlawed nations could unite
| and bring on another world war. "1
| think we should very frankly discuss
I these questions. We should face the
perils and be ready to meet them.
I am not among those who believe
that discussion' should be deferred.
The danger is present and should
be frankly pointed out.
"I believe In a league of nations,
but it must be such a league as will
not take away a single fundamental
American right. Rather than see this
done I would defeat the treaty and
witness another great war.
Duty as Citizen and Senator.
"I have been accnsed of fault-flnd'
ing and carping qriticism, when in
reality I am merely trying to point
out the weaknesses in some of the departments
of our government, with
an honest view to their correction.
It is my duty as a citizen and as a
senator to do this.**
Then Senator Chamberlain related a
story of what he termed gross injustice
to returning soldiers. He said
at the port of debarkation the boys
were huddled into cars that are used
for carrying livestock and taken to
their homes In the west.
"They had no light except that
which could be given by oil lanterns,
and nothing to eat except canned
goods," the senator said. "In this
way they traveled four days. Do you
think that as they proceeded on their
Journey they cultivated * additional
love for the country for which they
had fought and suffered? They were
in constant danger of getting into a
spirit of disregard for the institutions
of their country. What kind of a
spirit do you think treatment of this
vucu MAci win luopiro ?? ioe Ticumsr
Balance of Power in Politics.
The senator said the returned soldiers
in future will hold the balance
of power in politics.
"Four million young men, those who
return from France and from camps,
will make themselves felt in the government
of the nation and they ought
to," continued the Oregon legislator.
"The industrial life of the nation
cannot be rehabilitated in a day, but
the longer it is delayed the greater
win be the perlt frem resulting unemployment.
*
V>-. . -- ' '
I). S. WAR CRAFT ll
TO BE PEACE TOPIC
Mr. Daniels Goes Abroad to
Meet Naval Officials of
Other Countries.
i
WOULD JUNK OLD SHIPS
Important conclusions, which pr^h- '
?ill u- ln?A. * Poria I
i<i ire i mem tain fii * ' " i
in discussion of limitation of naval
armaments, are expected here to . |
prow out of the forthcoming confer- !
ences between Secretary Daniels and .
his aids and European admiralty of- |
ficials. The Secretary sailed yester- j
day. accompanied by his three chief
technical advisers.
While the main object of the trip '
of the American officials is to gather ;
information upon which the Navy
Department can base a report to
Congress relative to the proposal to
substitute gigantic composite cruiser- ^
battleships for present-day capital
war vessels, the facts that such a
program would render all existing c
fleets obsolete and that its cost would ! f
be enormous insure. In the view of
many officials here, that the project j
will be taken up at the peace con- !
ference.
Far-Beaching Questions.
Pending the return of the Secre- I
tary and more complete intraservice j
! discussion, naval officials generally j
are inclined to defer judgment as to j
the advisability of adopting the composite
ship program. They take the
view that, even in its narrowest and
strictly American aspect, the proposal
raises questions of such a far- I
reaching nature that individual
opinions should have no weight in ,
arriving at the answer. Only the i
consensus of the seasoned and !
trained judgment of the service, they j
argue, should be considered by Con- |
gress when the department's report j
is presented.
In the view here even the Ameri- ! '
can thirty-fi^4~knot battle cruiser j
piujcci, uuw ticiu up iu clw dii a uccision
on the greater question of composite
ships, has in it elements that
make it more than a purely national '
matter under present conditions. Of- '
ficers say that if competitive naval
building is to continue, other powers
must provide similar ships, as not
| even Great Britain has built or is
building craft of equal efficiency in
their own peculiar sphere.
Watched With "S?rSe"?3n.cena.
It I* understood that progress to- i
ward the construction of the gigantic
battle crnisers, six of which alreday
have been authorized, has been watched
wtih some concern by British naval <
authorities, since it has appeared likely
they would necessitate additions to :
the British naval budget. There is
little doubt among most officials here
that the British would welcome an in- i
tcnational understanding at Paris :
which would eliminate that course of
expenditure.
The standard fighting ship of today 1
is the superdreadnaughf, in the '
American and British navies a vessel
with a speed of approximately
twenty-three knots, an armament of
twelve sixteen-inch guns; an armor belt
varying from twelve to fourteen
indies in thickness and a displacement
of about 33,000 tons. Such a ship costs
about $20,000,000. The United States
has tea of them under construction
or autorized and the naval approprla- r
tlon bill which failed in the final s
hours of the last Congress authorized c
:ten more for the next three years. t
The proposed ship now urged by i
some American officers would have a t
speed of twenty-nine knots, carry f
twelve sixteen-inch guns, an armor t
belt of from twelve to fourteen Inches, t
displace about 55,000 tons and cost i
$40,000,000. It would carry the same t
offensive and defensive power as the 1
superdreadnaughts, and would make i
six knots an hour greater speed. c
:
Price of Increased Speed. t
The price of this increased speed, of- "
fleers declare, would be a doubled cost
of construction and almost double
size, the latter carrying with it far- 1
reaching engineering changes in harbors,
navy yards and dry docks to J
accommodate such monster craft. No
such vessels have been built or proi
jected by any other power so far as
known.
This "composite battleship, for
which Admiral hlayo, commander-in- ^
chief of the Atlantic fleet; Vice Admiral
Sims, commanding abroad, and
many other high officers who have
served overseas, have contended, is
supposed to represent the maximum ^
attainable in speed without the sacri- ;
flee of gun power or armor.
Among naval men it generally is
conceded that there is no question as
to the relative fighting value of the
existing and proposed types. Having "
six knots greater speed, the composite
craft would have a tremendous advantage,
but it is contended that even F
with all mechanical and economic
questions answered in the affirmative. ^
the strategic and tactical value of t
the six knots increase in speed must
be determined by consensus of professional
naval opinion before so
radical a departure in design could u
be, embarked upon. Officers must t]
nmtect their minds to future battles.
..... . r
to say whether the additional speed t
is worth what it would cost. n
Alternative for Navy. *
li
The alternative, officers say, is the n
present program to which the, general n
board of the Navy clings?superdreadnaughts
for the line and thirtyfive-knot
battle cruisers as a powerful
scouting wing. t
There is no present thought of any s
compromise design. The British s
battleship Hood, nearing completion, t
is such a compromise, and valueless v
in the American view. s
V
I
PRESIDENTIAL BEE
MAY BEAT CLARK
AS PARTY LEADER
Those Opposed to His Choice
Rely on Backing of the
Administration.
PROTEST MOVE COMES
REFLECTING "BACK HOME"
Late Speaker Gives the Lie to
Charge That He Is Against
League of Nations.
BV WILL P. KENNEDY.
The opposition to Champ Clark for
lemorratie party leadership in the
sent congress resembles the outbreak
igainst Representative James R. Mann
'or the speakership. At snap judgment
the old political stagers and
hose familiar with Champ Clark's rec>rd
and his following in the party and
douse say "It can't be done," just as
hey said about the Mann revolution.
3ut the anti-Clark faction has in inind
hat they will have the support of the
idministration?if it has not already
jecn promised to them.
The political dopesters on the Hill
figure that this sudden concern of a
relatively small number of men who
have not been conspicuous on the
floor of the House in defense of party
measures has been incited by a fear
that Champ Clark may become too
conspicuous as a presidential candidate.
The murmurings against tho
Clark leadership were not heard until
some prominent democratic campaigners
commenced to mention Mr. Clark
as a presidential possibility.
"Political Family" Favors Move.
Lending force to this line of thought
is the admission by members of tbe
anti-Clark clique that Postmaster
General Burleson and Secretary Glass
are heartily in accord with the purpose
of the uprising and will give it
valuable support. As Mr. Burjpson is
known on Capitol Hill as the political
manager of the administration,
and as Mr. Glass succeeded in the v
Treasury post the President's son-intaw.
who is a presidential possibility,
the politically wise think they see the
gleam of a colored man's eyes shining
through chinks in the democratie
woodpilOf
course, the protest Is* emphatic
that the administration?meaning the
President and his cabinet?is not instigating
this uprising; but in the
very neat breath the leaders of the
contest tq oust Mr. Clark as leader
say: ",We feel very confident that the
administration will be solidly behind
us," and they all but say, "we have
had that assurance." Then, too, efforts
are being made to induce the
,tanch Wilson administration leaders
in the democratic party to espouse
the cause. As an example, Rep-esentative
Asbury F. Lever of South
"arolina is to issue a statement tomorrow
through the insurrection organization
supporting its purposes.
Opponent Not Named.
This "loyal-leader" group insist
nost emphatically that they have not
elected an individual to offer as a
andidate against Mr. Clark. And in
explaining why they lead the politcally
suspicious to see the shadow of
:he administration's guiding: hand,
or they say: "Don't you suppose
hat if the White House should say
.o any of the more prominent men
n the House, known to be loyal to
he administration, 'Are you loyal?
Don't you want to help the party win
ts fights? Then we want you to
:lect a man of unquestionable loyalty,
m ardent supporter of the admlnisration,'
he would be willing to stand
is a candidate against Mr. Clark, and
vin?" They admit that as a last report
they think something like this
nay be done.
If the President dictates. If be takes
iersonal part in the organisation of
he House, or if Mr. Burleson or Mr.
<las3 or any other member of the
'resident's political family lets it be
cnown that he is acting for the Prescient,
it may change the minds of
nany strict party men and.cause the
lefeat of Mr. Clark.
"Loyal Leaders" Explain.
Now to be absolutely fair with the * t
emocratic revolutionists, in presentng
the situation, and to let the pubic
have uninterpreted statements:
Representative McClintic of Oklatoma,
secretary of the protestants.
nsiats that it is a spontaneous movement
that is growing as the members
f Congress gather the sentiment of
heir home districts. He explains the >lurpose
as a determination to have
, leader who is "in perfect accord
,nd perfect harmony with the adminitratiou
and its policies." They have
wo tests?unqualified support of the
sague of nations and unqualified suplort
of the administration. He alar
oints out that there will be unquaconably
considerable party strtfe
le next Congress, where the adninistration
In endeavoring to put
hrough its policies will have only
itnority support to bank upon. It
rants leadership that will be most
oyal to the administration. It does
tot want tne leaaer u> come irom ?
linority in & minority.
Clark Only Lukewarm.
Representative McClintio argues
hat Champ Clark baa repeatedly
hown himself not whole-heartedly in
upport of the administration, and
hat he ia charged with not being
thole-heartedly for the league of
atione. He conclude* that the ! *>
c ...
*

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