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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 25, 1919, Image 1

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Shower* tonight; tomorrow warmer
And probably fair.
Temperature for twenty-four Ivpurs
ended 2 p.m. today: Highest, 82, at
f>:15 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 66, at
8:00 a.m. today.
Full report on page 9.
Closing New York Stocks, Page 20.
Member of
Tbo Associated
the om for republication of all
the Anodited Press
Is escloslrely entitled to
credited to It or not otherwise credited la this
pspev and also the local news published hernia.
All rlffhts of publication of special
dispatches herela are alao reserved.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 95,459
No. 27,454.
Mr. Borah Says Treatment of
Subject Nationalities Pro
vides Acid Test. I
"The treaty ot peace Is a guarantee
of war." said Senator Borah of Idaho
In the Senate today.
He was discussing the right of self
determination of peoples, particularly
In connection with the right of the
Irish to ii.dependence.
He said that the principle of self
determination of peoples had been
laid down by President Wilson. The
Rcid test of that policy, he said, was
*-hat shall be done with the subject
nationalities of the victor nations,
such as the Irish, the Indians, the
It was Senator Borah's resolution
urging that the representatives of the
Irish be given a hearing at the peace
conference which was recently adopt
ed by the Senate after the Irish had j
been refused such a hearing.
Ireland's Kight to Hearing.
"I am not criticising the President,"
raid Senator Borah. "He was prevent- j
ed from carrying out the policy of
self-determination of these subject .
nationalities by the imperialistic pow
ers with whom he was acting at the ,
peace conference. Ireland is entitled
to a hearing as Poland or Rumania.
5 believe that Korea should have been
heard, and Egypt. Peace on any other
basis than the right of self-determina
tion will not assure permanent peace
of the world.
"You may increase ycur armies and
your armament as much as you like.
A spirit of nationality cannot be
crushed out by force."
Senator Thomas of Colorada. then
asked Senator Borah if the treaty of
peace as drafted with regard to Ger
many would tend to promote peace, in
his opinion.
The opponents of the league of na
tions covenant in the Senate are still
endeavoring to settle upon some defi
nite line of procedure to defeat the
league?or to modify it?and at the
same time not delay peace.
It was said today that a caucus of
the republican senators inight be ,
called after the treaty is received
from the President to determine, if i
possible, what modifications, if any, {
they will insist upon. However, it has
bean the policy so far not to malce
the peace treaty of the league of na
tions a party issue In the Senate,
though it is true that most of the
opposition to the league Is located on
the republican side.
Senator Lodge of Massachusetts, chair
man of the foreign relation* committee
and republican leader of the Senate,
has been quoted as saying: "Tk? op
position to the league of nations as
It now stands is stronger than.it has
been at any time. We undoubtedly
have the votes to amend it, and It
?will bt amended."
The pfcn suggested by former Sena
tor Root for handling the league cove
nant, through ratification of the i
treaty with reservations regarding !
certain features of the league of na
ti6ns. has strong support.
Want Covenant Amended.
There are some, however, who fear
that the reservations may not work
as desired after the United States has
ratifled the treaty containing the
league of nations covenant. They be- j
lieve that the covenant itself should j
be amended, making it clear beyond |
a doubt that the United States is not
to be bound with regard to features
to which objection has been made.
There are other senators who are op- >
posed to the entire league of nations j
proposition, and who do not believe that
the proposed reservations?or amend
ments?go far enough. However, it is
expected they will support these reser
vations, for a vote would come on them
first in the parliamentary procedure
?when the- treaty is before the Senate,
although they may vote against the en
tire treaty containing the league of na
tions later.
Forty-eight thousand joyous boys
and girls were turned out of the pub
lic (rade schools of the District to
day for three months of vacation.
This morning the army of happy
Itida sat Impatiently in the assembly
,? halls of the schools, trying bravely to
look interested in the closing ezerctses.
Though their eyes may have been
on the principal or some invited
? peaker who was delivering the com- |
mencerr.ent address, scenes of the ball
game on the corner lot or the splash
of the swimming pools were passing
through their minds. I
The children were particularly glad
to get out of school this year," because
the month they lost during the in
fluenza epidemic made it necessary
for them to study harder from Christ
mas to June.
The number of pupils in the grade
schools June 6, this year, was 48.289.
as compared with 47.561 on the cor
responding date last year.
The eighth grade pupils of the Bruce
School held their graduating exercises
this morning in the portable structure
that has recently been annexed to that
building on account of the Increased
enrollment there. This is the first
time portable buildings have been used
Jor that purpose. Dr. J. Hayden John
aon. recently appointed member of the
hoard of education, delivered the ad
dress to the cImii.
Hamburg Mobs Attack Plants and
Roughly Handle Managers.
COPENHAGEN. June 25?Serious
rioting occurred at Hamburg Monday
and Tuesday, when mobs attacked
food preserving factories, alleging
that the bodies of dogs and cats had
been found in them The managers
were dragged to the streets and
roughly handled. The war provision
department also was attacked and Its
offices were wrecked. The mob tried
to disarm troops marching through
the streets and the latter opened fire.
k number of persons being killed or
High Oregon Price for Fleeces.
BEND. Ore., June 25.?The highest
price paid in the state this year for
range sheep fleeces was given today at
the sale held by the' Central Oregon
Wool Growers' Association, when the
American woolen mills of Boston paid
S4H cents a pound for one lot. The
greater part of the total of 420,415
.pounds sold went to supply-eastern.
Many Conflicts Raging in All Parts of
World Must Be Ended, Is Claim?Even
Allies in Danger of Split.
Peace may be signed with Germany,
but the world is yet to make peace.
Paradoxical as this may seem, it nev
ertheless is a recognized fact, and if
official and diplomatic opinion in
Washington is to be given credence
the next twelve months will compose
one of the most critical periods in
In the settlements yet to be effected
the allied powers which have been
arrayed against the common menace,
Germany, may be thrown far apart,
with consequences upon which even
the most conservative look with fear.
There are many differences between
the allies, and effective settlements
following the treaty with Germany
or within the league of nations must
be brought about expeditiously, ac
cording to best Informed observers
of world affairs. That the league of
nations has found such great favor
in the eyes of foreign governments is
due to the fact that they recognize
in it a body which may be able to
prevent possible conflicts of Interest
in almost every direction.
Look to League Sessions.
The coming session of the league
of nations in Washington is looked
upon with eagerness by foreign gov
ernment officials. That this session
should be held immediately after the
peace conference and not be delayed
until October is one of the views fre
quently expressed. There are many
reasons why this old world must be
gin the delicate surgical-political op
eration of placing its own nose in
Joint and complete the task as soon
as possible.
That the suppression of conflicts
now raging in practically all sections
of the world is a first step toward
ushering in the new order is taken
for granted. Unless peoples whose
emotions have been aroused to tho
point of war in many regions are
made, either by force or persuasion
Hearing Begun in Proceed
ings for Mandamus Against
Board of Education.
> i . .
: ' '
Hearing was commenced today be
fore Justice Hits of the District Su
preme Court of the mandamus pro
ceeding brought by Miss Alice Wood,
a teacher of English in the Western
High School, to compel the board of
education to rescind its action In sus
pending her from her duties for one
week last February and to pay her
for the time she was oft duty. Miss
Wood was charged with indiscreet dis
cussion of bolshevism in her class on
current topics.
The ca.-e had been scheduled for
hearing last Saturday before Justice
Stafford, but was certified, with con
sent of counsel, to Justice Hltz. A
number of teachers were present in
Counsel Discuss Minor Points.
The morning session was occupied
with a discussion between counsel
over some minor questions of fact in
the case, which were settled before
the argument began on the question
of the validity of the board's action
In suspending Miss Wood and dis
ciplining her by taking away a week's
salary. Attorney Paul E. Lesh began
the argument as counsel for Miss
Mr. Jjesh insisted that his client is
not a "bolshevlst" and had not been
so adjudged. He expressed the opin
ion that the court would take judicial
notice that "bolshevism" is a current
topic, and that in a class devoted to
the discussion of such topics the mat
ter was sure to be raised by some
pupil. Mis? Wood had attempted to
answer auch queries as were put to
her by the pupils, but had not sought
to impress any view of her own upon
them, he stated.
Bight of Board to Begulate.
Counsel admitted the right of the
board of education to regulate the
studies to be taught, but urged that
such direction should be announced In
advance and not after some exception
had been taken to statements made by
a teacher while doing prescribed work.
Teachers should not be punished, he
claimed, for allowing discussion of a
subject which had not been regulated
or proscribed by the board of educa
The lawyer denied the right of the
board of education to deprive a
teacher of a portion of her pay as a
disciplinary measures, pointing out
that the organic act of 1906 has no
such provision.
Says Hearing Was Not Granted.
No punishmeAt may be meted out to
a teacher except after a hearing by
the board, he claimed, and as no such
hearing was accorded Miss Wood, the
action of the board in suspending her
and depriving her of a week's salary
1 was Illegal.
Corporation Counsel Syme and As
1 slstant Corporation Counsel Stephens
will defend the right of the board to
i discipline teachers without a hearing.
| District market men are looking for
! the arrival of the first shipment of
'sweet corn next week. Prices are ex
pected to range from 75 cents to II
j a dozen. This Is considerably higher
than the early prices last year, and if
\ these prices continue the housewife
1 will find another enjoyable commod
ity listed in with the luxuries of her
marketing expenditures.
The North Carolina corn received
this week Is much better than that of
last week's, and though the prices re
main about the same, it is hoped that
a good crop will overcome the de
mands of labor and lower the prices
De Valera to Speak in Boston.
BOSTON, June 25.?Edward de
Valera, "president of the Irish re
public" who now is in New York, will
speak here Sunday, according to an
annopnoement made today by the
Irish, freedom fund or|uiHUM?
to see the error of tlieir ways, not
only all of Europe but a great section
of Asia will be engulfed in .even
greater social anil political debauches
than have marked their course In
years past. T!?? matter is not a ques
tion for one nation but many to
solve. That the whole future safety
of the world depends upon the eradi
cation of the sore spots is admitted
generally. Statesmen in Paris huve
given long hours to discussion of ac
tions that must be taken to insure
the world's safety after the first task
at hand?the making of peace with
Germany?is finished.
Today government' officiaIs as well
as diplomats in Washington discuss
the reconstruction processes and
military steps that may have to be
taken before the discordant elements
of the world can be made to abandon
their war delirium and place their
feet definitely upon paths leading to
safe and settled order.
Where Fighting Goes On.
Some idea of the present critical
situation throughout the world may
be gained by brief recapitulation of
the struggles which today are going
on while the world thinks it is get
ting peace.
Mexico today Is a hotbed of revolu
tionary strife. The forces of Gen.
Angeles and Gen. Villa are terrorizing
the country, and are in active conflict
with government troops. Foreign
property and personal rights are so
endangered by the Incapacity of the
Slexican government to protect them
that the intervention of world power
or powers Is declared necessary to
bring order out of chaos and to assist
Mexico in realization of better days.
Costa Rica is on military footing as
the result of attempts of revolution
ists to invade the country from
Nicaragua. At any moment this try
ing situation may become worse, de
manding the intervention of a large
In several Latin American countries
it is known that the political situa- i
tions are such as to cause grave con
cern for the future. As one diplomat I
in Washington expressed it: "They
are powder kegs to which are at
(Continued on Eleventh Page.)
MAY ASK $500,000 i
District Commissioners Prac
tically Decide to Make
Request of Congress.
?v.-Vr-Wr ' 1 1 ?
The District Commissioners practically
have determined to ask Congress for an
emergency appropriation of half a mil
lion dollars with which to increase tem
porarily by pumping Washington's wa
ter supply.
The Senate committee in charge of the
District appropriation bill informally
has been apprised of the action. The
recommendation, however, will not be
made until winter. If the appropria
tion is granted the water supply can be
augmented materially before another
summer arrives, according to the Com
In Addition to Zihlman Bill.
This plan is in addition to what Is
contemplated by the Zihlman bill,
which passed the House yesterday and
has the unanimous indorsement of the
Commissioners. The Zihlman meas
ure contemplates the working out of
an arrangement that will insure the
capital indefinitely against the danger
of a water famine. If such a plan
were evolved at once and the neces
sary appropriation made, it would re
quire several years to put it into op
eration. The District heads are in
sistent that the safety of the people
demands the permanent improvement
being started with the least delav
But If the most rapid progress
should be made, it probably would not
be sufficient to enable Washington to
escape a water famine. Consequently
means of increasing the supply tem
porarily are to be urged as a measure
of safety.
Two Belief Plans Proposed.
Two plans for temporary relief have
been proposed. One has for its author!
Gen. Marshall, former chief of engi
neer of the Army, and the other
Asa E. Phillips, sanitary engineer of
Kutz believes both plans are practical
The Commissioners have followed a
policy of "hands oflf" in the matter of
initiating action looking toward In
creasing the water supply, for the
reason that the War Department con
trols the supply, the District heads
being concerned only with the problem
of distributing water after it has been
delivered to the city by the federal
But the question of a sufficient sup
ply has become so serious that, barring
the taking of steps by the War De
partment to increase the supply tem
porarily. the Commissioners will break
their rule and take the matter up with
Congress direct. They would consider
the action justified on the ground of
public necessity.1
Beason for Delay to Winter.
The reason for delaying the recom
mendation until winter Is that a coml
parison may be made of water oon
^is summer as compared
with last. Many persons have claimed
that, owing to a reduced population
consumption would show a materlai
falling off Records of the water de
partment for May and June howevar
fail to reveal any material decree '
A five-cent ferry service between
7th street wharf and lower Poto
mac Park will be put in operation
tomorrow by the office of public
buildings and grounds and will
continue in operation daily from
noon until 9 p.m.
Boats will leave from the naval
militia dock and will make the
round trip ev^ry thirty minutes.
The office of public buildings and
grounds arranged plans for car
rying pedestrians to the park two
years ago, but the entry of the
United States into the war pre
vented their execution.
Heretofore the lower part of
Potomac Park has been available
only to motorists.
Joint Fiscal Committee Did
Not Declare It Unjust
or Unfair.
: It is contended that the joint con
| gressional fiscal committee of 1915
"unanimously reported to the House
and to the Senate that the arbitrary
half-and-half provision was wrong;
that it was unjust and unfair to the
federal Treasury.**
On the contrary, the unanimous re
port of the joint committee is to the
effect that the half-and-half provision
is just and fair to the federal Treas
ury; that under it the District resi
dent pays the full tax that can be
equitably exacted, and that it is the
nation, and not the Washingtoman.
which contributes too little to capital
! maintenance and development. The
! half-and-half provision is not founa
to be unjust or unfair or wrong. The
committee does say that once a neces
sity, it is now no longer needed.
The committee finds that the organ
ic act of 1878 "was conceived as an
economic necessity" and "was Justi
fied by the exigencies of the time and
the conditions of that day," but that
"the conditions of today an(* ?f
few years last past are so different
from the conditions of 1878 that this
arbitrary rule?a rule of then seem
ing necessity?need no longer be ap
plied to District appropriations.
National Contribution Still Needed
The committee indicates the changes
; in conditions causing it to think that
' an arbitrary half-and-half rule may
j not be necessary today. The District
had in 1878 less than half its present
population, and was then weighed
down by a heavy burden of debt,
which has now been largely paid.
The District no longer needs, the
committee thinks, to be compelled by
law to bear its proper share of the
burden. On the other hand, the na
tional government, the committee in
dicates. has since 1878 recognized
"the splendid utility and beauty of
I the city planned on a national base' ;
! it has erected many buildings "of the
} very highest standard of architec
! ture"; it has acquired more and more
1 land every year, holding it for strict
| ly governmental purposes, and with
j drawing it from participation in as
sessment and taxation; its "increas
ing needs ? .? ? in this, its central
! home, demand, and will continue to
I demand, more land, more buildings,
more reservations." In other words,
the capital land holding# of the na
I tion and its reasonably pride in the
beautiful city which it has developed
I have so increased since 1878 that the
compulsion of an arbitrary law is not
! necessary to cause the nation, through
Congress, to bear half (or even more
than half) the bufden of capital up
building- -
The committee does not find that
the capital no longer
tioaal half eoatrihattoa^.Qn, ifro
needed more than ever, and should. If
altered, be increased. The need of
more than a half contribution by the
nation Is affirmed; only the need of a
law to compel at least this half con
1 trlbutlon Is denied.
Washingtonian Pays Enough.
First, in regard to what the Wash
ingtonlan should equitably pay, the
committee recommends "that the peo
ple of Washington pay a tax com
' parable-In assessment, rate and amount
I to that tax paid by the residents of
lather cities similar in population and
I location to the city of Washington.
| This, we believe, is eminently fair.
! and there should be ao greater exae
i Hon In taxation from the peopTfe of
the District of Columbia." "With the
payment of such taxes ? ? ? the
financial responsibility of the residents
of the District should be concluded."
The committee further 'finds that un
der the operations of the existing
! half-and-half law District residents
! are now assessed and taxed up to the
i limit of local taxation, which, they
I say, cannot equitably be exceeded,
j The committee declares "that the
{ present assessment valuation of pri
! vately owned real estate in Washing
; ton Is fair and reasonable"; "the pay
ment of taxes on real estate from the
: assessments as they are now consti
' tuted is a fair and reasonable response
I in such taxation for municipal bene
fits received by the citizens of the
District"; "the annual tax In Wash
ington is approximately }16 per cap
ita. In the judgment of your com
mittee this is a reasonable tax levy
at this time, especially when we con
sider. as we must, that a large pro
portion of the population here pays
but a small amount of the taxes im
In these words the committee vig
orously indorses the half-and-half
law as absolutely fair to the nation
in exacting from the District every
cent of tax money (and perhaps a
little more) that could equitably be
demanded In conformity with the wise
standard of measurement and of in
tercity comparisons approved by the
Nation Pays Too Little.
The committee declares that under
the half-and-half law the Washing
Ionian does not pay too little. It also
affirms that under this law the nation
does not pay enough. Running
through the report is the suggestion
that the national expenditure upon the
nation's city should be largely in
creased and not, as demanded by the
last House, be radically decreased or
entirely eliminated.
The committee's words on this point
are as follows:
"All of this means that the national
oity, the nation's home, should be a
district where the national authority
is not only supreme, but a district
where the Just pride of a great people
should Insist upon Its maintenance in
a manner most fitting to the dignity
of the citizens whose manifestation of
central government It Is.
"As a conclusion, which should be
of the greatest weight, we urge upon
Congress that its appropriations for
the expenses of the District of Colum
bia should always be in such sum as
will not only oontlnue the city of
Washington and the District of Co
lumbia in every respect as the splen
did and beautiful central residence of
this great nation, but also cause It to
become and be forever maintained as
a model for all the cities of the world
"Our unanimous conclusion ? ? ?
that the Congress should pursue a
definite policy of regular and liberal
appropriations, having in view not
only the permanent moral and physi
cal advancement of the city, but also
Its pre-eminent beauty and grandeur
as the municipal expression of the
nation's home and Its people's pride."
No Fluctuating: Contribution.
The joint committee. In finding that
an arbitrary half-and-half provision
Is no longer needed to compel the
equitable relations between nation
and capital which, it thinks, should
exist, vigorously approves the prin
ciples of that legislation. It has been
contended that the national contribu
tion toward capital upbuilding should
be much, little or nothing, according as
the spirit moved at each, recurring
Mr. Lawrence Charges Re
publicans With Politics in
j Cutting Appropriations.
The . United States is not able, in
[ the event of an emergency on the
Mexican border, to put into action at
once an air service comparable to
that which Gan. Pershing had when
he first undertook the pursuit of Villa.
Uitpraparednfsa was a bif iaaue that
[ year and the democratic administra
tion wag severely criticised for failing
mmnmwmm ?
Today tht republican party Is in
control of Congreas, and on the very
day that thi War Department is try
! ins hastily to collect flyers and ma
chines to protect the Mexican border
1 the committee of Congress cut down
the available sums for the future.
War Department's View.
Inquiry at the War Department de
velops the fact that If the United
States and Mexico should have trouble
tomorrow, atl air service would be ab
solutely essential in detecting the rov
ihg bands south of the Rio Grande who
might suddenly raid the long interna
tional boundary and do injury to
American citizens. An air service
would be necessary to proceed in ad
vance of such military detachments as
might enter Mexican territory.
Yet the War Department today has
in process of organization six squad
rons of airplanes and not one of them
Is complete or fit for active service:
They have been organized on paper. j
Blamed on Democrats.
Part of the blame falls upop the
j democratic administration for failing
' to check Ihe disintegration of the air
service, but in answer to this Army
I officers say they have been unable to
? keep the best flyers in American be- I
' cause no prospect of a permanent air
service was held out to them as an in
centive. Furthermore, after two years
of effort to get airplane factories built
in the United States and an industry j
developed, the failure of Congress to
adopt a permanent policy has caused <
several of the companies to go out of
business and skilled mechanics to seek
jobs In other trades. All the benefit
of the war is in danger of being lost
ao far as air servloe Is concerned.
fighting Planes Obsolete.
Secretaries Baker and Daniels, in
response to the urgent recommenda
tions of their aviation officera, asked
Congress to appropriate $88,000,000
and $45,000,000, respectively. But the
HouBe military affairs committee cut
down the Army's appropriation, for
Instance, to $15,000,000. Practically
all the fighting planes in the United
| states today are obsolete. The latest
types were built abroad because of
i (Continued on Second Page.)
j session. The joint committee says
! concerning the indefinite, fluctuating
contribution proposition: "Our unani
mous conclusion is ? ? * that the
Congress should pursue a definite pol
icy of regular and liberal appropria
[ In response to the contention that
[ the local contribution should be sub
I Ject to sudden increases, fluctuating
and uncertain, the joint committee
Bays: "Our unanimous conclusion is
that the rate of taxation in the Dis
trict should be fixed and certain";
that "there should be no greater ex
action from the people of the District
of Columbia" than "a tax comparable
in assessment, rate and amount to
that paid by the residents*of other I
cities similar in population and loca
tion to the city of Washington"; and
that the annual property tax In Wash
ington at this time, approximately $16
per capita, meets these condition^, and
"in the judgment of your committee
? ? ? is a reasonable tax levy."
The joint congressional committee
finds or all the vital issues of fact
in favor of Washington. It sustains
as fair and reasonable the latest as
sessment of Washington realty which
discloses nearly two hundred mil
lions less of realty values than were
alleged to exist in 1912 by the_so
cailed George report. It finds not-only
that the Waahlngtonian is affr* un
derassessed, but that as, compared
with the resident of comparable
American cities he is not undertaxed;
that his per capita of property taxes,
about $16, Is a reasonable tax burden,
no more than which ahould be exact
ed; that while the Washlngtonian is
contributing all he equitably should
toward capital upbuilding, more in
atead of less should be done by the I
nation, in response not only to the im
pulse of equity, but of enlarged pa. I
triotic pride in the nation's city.
Send Them Back to Local Offices
TJnoponed, Giving Practical
Support to Strike.
That the men having to do with
the direction of the local trades union
interests of Washington are giving
their support to the strike of the
commercial telegraphers, following
the indorsement of the strike by the
thirty-ninth annual convention of the
American Federation of Labor and
by the Central l^abor Union of this
city, has been shown here since those
two bodies acted.
Messages Returned.
Telegrams sent to 1??J>1* members
of local organised labor dver the
wires of the Western Untt>n and
to whom they w6re addressed re
fusing to receive or sign for them,
giving as the reason that the Com
mercial Telegraphers' International
Union and all its locals in every sec
tion of the country are on strike.
An instance in point was that of
yesterday when several telegrams ad
dresed to Henry Miller, the general
local agent of the Brewery Workers'
Local Union, No. 48, were refused by
Mr. Miller. He has sent a letter to
those who might want to communi
cate with him, advising them that he
will not accept telegrams while the
strike Is on.
Opinion of Leaders.
Leaders of the local labor movement
say it is probable that organized labor
all over the country has withdrawn
Its patronage from the telegraph
At the American Federation of
Labor headquarters in this city it was
stated this morning that this rule is
being followed, the organization giv
ing not only Its moral indorsement to
the strike, but actual support, using
other means of communication.
Appellate Court Holds the Law
Permitting Wagers on Horse
Racing Is Invalid.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
ANNAPOLIS. Md., June 25.?Betting
on horse races in Prince Georges
county will no longer 'be permitted.
This results from a decision of the
court of appeals of Maryland, which
today held that the law permitting
betting on horse races in. Prince
Georges county was invalid.
The opinion was written by Chief
Judge Boyd. With this decision of the
court it is believed that thCTe will no
longer be horse racing at Bowie or
Upper Marlboro tracks. It does not
affect betting, however, at the tracks
at Laurel, Pimlico, Havre-de Grace or
at Gentlemen's Driving Park. Md.
Omaha Near General Strike.
OMAHA. Neb.. June 25.?Municipal
authorities prepared today to meet
possible emergencies which may arise
ffpm the general sympathetic strike
which is threatened to be called to
morrow in support of striking build
ing trades workers. ?
Are You
A War Worker?
If you are, you will be espe
cially Interested in the adven
tures of one young girl who
came to Washington early in
the war. She tells of her Im
pressions, the outstanding facts
of her work and, most impor
tant, about a "tall, handsome
If you are not a war worker
'you will enjoy reading of the
war worker's side?her trials
and pleasures in the capital.
"Polly's Letters
? to Her Dad"
The BUculne Section of
Next Sunday's Star
Gen. Pershing and Herbert
Hoover Among Recipients
of D. C. L. Degree.
OXFORD, England, June 25 (by the
Associated Press).?Gen. Pershing:
and Herbert C. Hoover represented
the United States today in a distin
guished company of noted men from
the allied countries who were hon
ored by Oxford University with de
grees pf ?Joctor of civil law. The
ceremony was held in the Sheldonian
Theater. It was the culminating fea
Gen. Pershing and most of the other
notable persons present came down
I from London- by automobile this
morning. Ail the invited persons as
sembled at 11:30 o'clock at Trinity
College, where they were received by
the chancellor. Earl Curzon; the vice
chancellor and other officials of the
university. The . procession then
formed and marched along the street
a few hundred yards to the entrance
of the yard leading to the theater,
where the ceremony was held.
Crowds Along Line of March.
The public, most of whom were un
able to gain admission to the build
ing, were packed along both aidee of
the line of march, keen for a sight
of the celebrities. The crowd cheered
those whom they recognized.
Both Gen. Pershing and Mr. Hoover
were greeted heartily when the group
filed into the theater. Every seat in
the building was occupied. The great
audience arose as the distinguished
visitors entered and proceeded to their
places on the rostrum. The organ
played "God Save the King."
The event was rich In ceremonial
pomp fostered by the traditions of
this famous institution. None of the
spectators who crowded the theater
followed the proceedings with keener
interest than a handful of American
Army students who have been study
ing here. Among those who witness
ed the ceremony was Sirs. Hoover.
EarJ Curson. chancellor of the uni
versity, presided, and, according to
custom, solemnly went through the
prescribed formula of proposing the
degrees to the house. After the house
had as solemnly granted the degrees
the recipients were summoned in turn
by the public orator.
List of the Men Honored.
Those upon whom the degrees were
conferred, besides Gen. Pershing and
Mr. Hoover, were: Baron Makino,
head of the Japanese peace conference
delegation; Marshal Joffre of France.
Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty, Field
Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Maj. Gen. 1
Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, chief of the
British imperial stair, and Vice Ad- i
miral Sir Rosslyn Wemvss, first sea
lord. Former Premier Orlando of i
Italy and Premier Ignace Jan Pader- i
ewski of Poland received degrees by
Each of these men, as they were
presented with their degrees, bowed
their thanks and took their seats. No
speeches were made by those to whom
the degrees were given and the cere
mony was concluded quickly.
The impressiveness of the occasion
was emphasized by the stately beauty
of its setting. The deep crimson of
the .carpets and hangings contrasted
vividly with the black robes of the
students and the dark oak wall panel
After the degrees were conferred
the recipients settled back in thier
i seats to hear a young Oriel College
student, winner of the Newdegate
prise for English verse, recite a com
position eulogizing France. The
chancellor then dissolved the convo
cation and the procession moved out
of the building to the music of a stir
ring march.
IT. S. Students Abandon Program. !
American students at Oxford aban
doned thpir_ plan for an informal re
ception in Gen. Pershing's honor be
cause of the uncertainty of his ability
to leave Army headquarters and come
to Oxford for the ceremony. Most of
the American students left here yes
terday for Liverpool and Brest on
their way to their homes in the
United States. Only thirty of them
remained here to participate In a big
victory pageant to be given by the
university, beginning tomorrow.
After leaving the theater the party
proceeded to All Souls' College to at
tend a luncheon given by officials of
the university. Besides those partici
pating in the degree ceremonies the
guests included Mrs. Hoover and
Maj. Gen. John Biddle and Col. Lloyd
C. Griscom, Gen. Pershing's aids
The lunch was informal, and there
.were. no. speeches. .
Lack of Official Advices Is
Causing Uneasisness in
Paris Circles.
Erzberger's Prestige Is Believed
Damaged by Treaty Terms
Rv the Asscfiat*Mi rr*fiv
PARIS. June 25.?If the heads of
the allied power* in Part* dc not
hear from Wrfmar very noon re
snrding the German delegation for
the (IkhIiic of the peace treaty as
ultimatum will be aent to the Ger
man government. arrordlnic to the
Parta office of Reutera'. I.lmlted.
The nltimatnm will demand the
appointment of plenlpotentlarlea
within a certain number of honra.
PARIS. June 25.?l'p to 4 4:> o'clock
! this afternoon no official word had
been received here regarding Ger
many's plans with regard to the for
I mal signing of the peace treaty. The
peace conference leaders were undia
guisedly perplexed over the situation.
It was conceded to be impossible
that the ceremony of signing could
take place before Saturday, I'tioffiuial
reports were that it probably would
be delayed until Monday.
Paul Dutasta. the general secretary
of the peace conference, went to Ver
sailles this afternoon under the in
structions of the council of three to
see if Herr Haniel von Heimhausen.
representing the Germans there, had
any information on his government's
The German representative said,
however, that he had received no
news except the fact that the mem
bers of the government left Weimar
for Berlin last night.
Big Three Discusses Scuttling:.
PARIS, June 25.?The council of three,
composed of Premiers Clemenceau and
Lloyd George and President Wilson, at
Its meeting today discussed the scu'
tling of the German fleet at Scapa Flow,
according to the Paris office of Reuter's,
Limited. The council had before It and
examined fully, it is added, the facts
relative to what took place with regard
to the ships at the time the armistice
was signed.
PARIS. June 25.?The treaty of peace
i will Jie signed either ffriday or Satur
i day. it is believed. Although the day
has not been definitely fixed. It has
been decided that the hour for the
ceremony will be at 2 o'clock p.m.
The pftace conference secretariate Is
still vwthout official knowledge of the
personnel of the new German paaoe
delegation and does not know when It
will arrive at Versailles.
Causes Uneasiness.
? This lack of official advices from
Germany with regard to the new
plenipotentiaries has caused some un
easiness to manifest itself in confer
ence circles and the plans for the
signing of the treaty are in a com
plete state of suspense.
Herr Haniel von Heimhausen, the
acting German representative at Ver
sailles. apparently is also without in
Dinner Thursday Night.
It was announced today that Pre?l
dent Poincare's official dinner to the
peace plenipotentiaries will take
place Thursday night. It was orig
inally planned to hold the dinner on
the night of the signing of the treaty,
but the uncertainty as to the date for
the ceremony has caused Thursday
to be named definitely for the dinner,
irrespective of the time of the event
at Versailles.
German Signers Are "Shy." ?
WEIMAR. June 24.?The plenipo
tentiaries who will sign the peace
treaty for Germany have not yet been
chosen. They may, however, be named
It is- still proving difficult to And
men who are willing to affix their
signature to a document which is to
be such a momentous historical rec
Hun Generals' Threats. f~
BERLIN, June 24 <bv the Associated
Press)?Long accounts written ftor
the Berlin papers by correspondents
at Weimar telling of events preced
ing the decision of the German gov
ernment to sign the treaty of peace
show that there was a threat by gen
erals and officers of the volunteer
troops to quit if the treaty was sign
ed without reservations.
Gustav Noske, minister of defense,
proffered his resignation, but lalei^y
succeeded in appeasing the officer*;
He then withdrew his resipnafion
under pressure from his party and
cabinet minister.
Feeling among military leaders is
still running high, notwithstanding
the fact that they are admonishing
the troops to continue in the servic-J.
Maj. Gen. Baron von Luettwitz. in a
special call, reiterates his opposition
to they peace terms, while Maj. von
Gilsa, Herr Noske's adjutant, has an
nounced that Prussian War Minister
Reinhaj-t "will endeavor to defend the
menaced honor of the army and it?
leaders by the adoption of special
measures." He will confer with Herr
Noske today.
Erzberger's Prestige. . _ m
Correspondents at Weimar
unanimous in the belief that the pi
tige of Mathias Erzberger has h
damaged, because of his myster
but emphatic assurances that the en
tente would be willing to yield on the
honor Issue, which failed to material
ize. Herr Erzberger's position is a
subject of much speculation, and it ia
believed that as soon as the peace cri
sis is passed he faces a rather trying
Finding of Supposed Bomb Pvt?
Every Man Under Call.
BOSTON, June 26.?Every patvolma
in the city was on duty or on eall to
day, the result of a special mobilisa
tion. No official explanation was ad
vanced. but it was said at headquar
ters that reports were current of a
possible radical demonstration and
parade, permits for which had beea
An object resembling a bomb was
found in a Congress street office
building this morning and turned over
to the explosives expert of the state
police-for analysis.

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