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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 13, 1919, Image 1

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Closing New York Stocks, Page 9.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press it exclusively entitled to
the use for republication of all Dews dispatches
credited to it or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news published herein.
All rijrhts of publication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 91,538.
No. 27.534.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1919-TWENTY PAGES.
TWO CENTS.,-'
PERSHING SPENDS
HIS 5STH BIRTHDAY
IN AN ACM WAY
Fights Way Through Crowd
* to Report Officially to
Secretary Baker.
PREVIOUSLY RECEIVES
MR. LANE AT HOTEL;
Will Visit Track Meet at Central
Stadium and Go to Ball Game
This Afternoon.
Gen. Pershing is celebrating the
greatest birthday anniversary in his
career of fifty-nine years today. The
celebration is characterized by sim
plicity on the part of the celebrant,
and by elaborate preparations for an
epochal reception by the public.
Cen. Pershing rested at the Shore
ham Hotel this morning until shortly
before 10 o'clock, receiving Secretary
of the Interior Lane as his first caller. |
He did not leave the Shoreham until i
after 11 o'clock, when he went to the :
War Department.
Crowds Outside of Hotel.
I,ong before that hour crowds of
spectators had gathered outside of the
hotel. Before 10 o'clock the crowds
liftd formed a small avenue of ap
proach from the curbing to the en
trance, and were packed on the op
posite side of the street waiting for a
glimpse of the leading soldier of the
United States.
A steady procession of senators ,
and representatives also ken: Gen.
Pershing's .staff busy during the morn
ing considering invitations to cities
and towns throughout the country
eager to pay tribute to the returning ,
hero.
Siege at War Department.
Almost fighting his wuy through hun
dreds of admirers gathered at the War
Department. Gen. Pershing officially re- ?
ported 'to Secretary Haker his return |
?from France with his mission?vic
tory over Germany?accomplished.
The cheering crowds had waited;
long to see the man who captained i
the American armies in their greatest ,
struggle, and would not be denied, j
By actual physical effort, aided by
two of his staff officers and finally [
guards of the building. Gen. I'ershing |
got through into the Secretary's room.'
The final step was the most diUicult. ?
Woman and girl clerks of the depart- j
rnent, shrilly crying their greetings,
closed in about the general ami hi a-,
aids at the door. He was for several 1
minutes unable to force his way
through. Finally the watchman
caught him by the arm and really
hauled him out of the clutch of the
crowd.
Pershing: "Hits the Line."
The general shot through almost 1
like a foot ball player, and he {
breathed a sigh of relief.
There were no ceremonies attend- ;
Jng Gen. Pershing's reception at the ?
War Department. He came as any
other high officer would come to re
port, and it was only the enthusiasm
of the crowds, who cheered and waved
him along on the way from his hotel,
that marked an unusual event.
Goes to Headquarters.
At the conclusion of his conference
with Secretary Baker Gen. Pershing
departed for the old land office build
ing, which is to be the headquarters
tor the American expeditionary forces.
The rooms which Gen. Pershing and]
hiJ> stalf will occupy are the same as |
were used by Provost Marshal Gen
eral Crowder in conducting the draft, |
which supplied the man power of the
forces.
? quiet luncheon this afternoon and i
the interdepartmental meet in the j
Central High School stadium at 3
o'clock are on the general's birthday j
program. Gen. Pershing will be at ;
the stadium at 3 o'clock, according to i
present plans, but will leave before
the conclusion of the meet for the J
base ball game.
Clark Griffith, manager of the Na
tionals, announced that the general
had accepted an invitation to be pres
ent at the game, although he inti
mated that the general would be late.
Will Dine With Senator Warren.
Tonight a quiet birthday dinner 1
with Senator Warren of Wyoming, j
father of the late Mrs. Pershing, will
close the day. The entire program be
speaks a desire for simplicity on the
part qf Gen. I'ershing.
Yesterday's reception of Gen. Per- j
shing when he arrived in Washington I
made a high bid to blast the reputa
tion of "blase" Washington for re-1
ceiving home-coming warriors. The ]
outbursts had all the earmarks or
genuine hospitality and gratitude.
A din of cheers, applause and vocal
greetings went up spontaneously as
the erect figure of the American com
mander stepped off his train.
As he walked down the lanes of
pretty girls, women, children and
men there was a smile on his face
which said more plainly than words,
"Ah. but it's great to be home."
That smile remained until he was
officially welcomed back in the name
of President Wilson in the Presi
dent's room at the Union station. Vice
President Marshall delivered the wel
coming address. And as he started
on his remarks the smile left the gen
eral's face and the audience saw the
set oast of Jaw and immobility of fea
tures which characterized Gen. Per
shing on the other side.
Welcomed by Vice President.
"General." said Vice President Mar
shall. "you are not only welcome to
the Cap it SI city of your own repub
lic. but you are welcome back to the
land of your nativity. Your com
mander-in-chief bids me in his behalf
and in behalf of the American people
to greet you.
"It is a glad duty to be inadequate
ly performed, for human expression
has not yet found the way to voice
In language the deeper and finer
sentiments of our natures. Perhaps
you can gain some slight conception
of the real Joy with which we hail
your homecoming when I tell you that
you occupy the most unique position
ever guaranteed to a man in arms
in all the world's history.
Depicts Unique Po'sition.
"Unnumbered and unremembered
conquerors have returned from for
eign lands bearing, chained to their
chariot wheels, the writhing human
evidences of conquest and supremacy
over alien people. To you It has been
vouchsafed to lead the greatest ex
peditionary force of all time through
pertls of sea, perils of land, and perils
of air. to the ultimate accomplish
in en tofyourcountry[s_purpose_and
(Continued on Second Page.) \
START MADE TO FORM '
EMPLOYERS' FEDERATION!
j
Charles Piez Head of Committee
Representing Fifty Organizations
I
to Protect "Business."
CHICAGO, September 13.?An actual J
start toward federation of employers |
of the country as recommended by^the j
recent "pur country first" conference
was made by the Illinois Manufactur
ers' Association today by appointment
of a committee representing fifty or
ganizations with Charles Piez, for
nier head of the shipping board, as
chairman. The committee will ask
chambers of commerce, agricultural
and other bodies to indorse the resolu
tions adopted at the conference which
urged a federation of employers.
"Manufacturers are awakening to
the fact that they have to got to
present their own views collectively
at Washington if they expect to get !
what is their due in the way of leg
islation." said Mr. I'iez in stating that !
tiie purpose of such a national union
of employers would be "to look out
for the interests of business."
ALL iSTCiSENT
IF SENATE INSISTS,
PRESIDENTS*
Would Deem It His Duty to'
Reopen Conference?Sug
gests Resolution.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
Special Dispatch to Tlic Star.
EN ROUTE WITH PRESIDENT
WILSON TO TACOMA. Wash.. Septem
ber 3 3.?President Wilson has come to
the climax of his speech-making tour.
He has stated with a tone bordering
on finality that he shall deem it his
duty to reopen the peace conference
if the Senate insists on qualifying the i
terms of the peace treaty with condi- j
tions or reservations. He told his 1
Idaho audience that reservations put i
into the ratifying resolution itself al- j
tered the treaty to such an extent that i
the consent of all the powers who I
signed the pact at Paris, including |
Germany, would have to be secured
before the conditions put into the
document by the United States Senate
could be considered as a part of the
treaty itself. i
Permanent Orders Suggested.
The President put himself on record i
as not objecting to any reservations :
or interpretations which were em- j
bodied -.in a separate resolution by :
Congress and which he saicl consii- \
toted a notice to all powers or the I
way America's vote in the council of I
the league of nations wpuld be ex- i
erclsed hereafter. In view of the fact !
that without the vote of the Uni.H
States no decision on the part of the
league s council can be effective as
a- unanimous vote is required unless
America is party to the dispute, the
President believes a separate resolu
tion could be adopted by Congress
amounting to a permanent instruction i
to America's delegate at the peace i
conference.
This is a new way of looking at the I
effectiveness of reservations that are i
touo?nleff Part of the ratlfyine reso- j
The President argues against res- I
ervations that alter the body of the '
treaty oil the ground that the sub
stance of all the suggested reserva
tions except those that mean to re- 1
ject th? whole treaty are covered in I
language of the pact.
Criticisms of Reservations.
Perhaps the speech at Helena,
Mont., was the best summary Mr. Wil
son has yet given of his reasons for
opposing reservations. In effect, h?>
says this:
First. It is unnecessary to say that
the United States shall be the sole
judge of whether or not she has ful
filled her international obligations be
fore withdrawing from the league on
two years' notice because the cove
nant of the league doesn't give the
council of the league or any other
nation the right to say when any na
tion has fulfilled its obligations. It
leaves that to the conscience of each
nation and the opinion of the world
Second. The Congress Of the United
States is just as free under article X
to refuse to declare war as it always
has been. In any emergency, he says,
the most the council can do Is to ad
vise what steps shall be taken to
make other nations behave, and no
steps can be taken without a unani
mous agreement, and America's repre
sentative. under strict Instructions
from the American people, could not
vote to advise war unless the Con
gress of the United States has so re
solved; in other words. America's rep
resentative could be prevented by law
of Congress from voting to advise war
until the will of Congress has been
manifested by joint resolution or
otherwise. If the United States is a
party to the dispute, says Mr. Wilson,
it is no better off than under the old
system for being excluded from vot
ing in the council; It can after a nine
month period of discussion decide to
declare war or not to- secure respect
for invaded rights. Already the
United States is bound by the Bryan
treaties to wait twelve months In dis
putes it may have with any of thirty
principal nations of the globe.
Third. As for the Monroe doctrine
the President says the whole world'
now recognizes the doctrine and that
the covenant specifically says nothing
in the treaty or league shall be con
sidered as invalidating "such regional
understandings like the Monroe doc
trine." Inasmuch as America alone
shows what the Monroe doctrine is
he thinks the United States alone can
interpret it. He thinks it is suffi
ciently covered in the treaty already.
Domestic Questions.
j Fourth. With respect to mentioning
domestic questions like the tariff and
immigration, the President points out
that the covenant expressly prohibits
I the council from interfering in domes
! tic questions or making reports on
domestic disputes. To enumerate the
i tariff and immigration Is, in his opin
ion, making a list of special questions"
and that is dangerous because some
domestic questions might be omitted
and America would not want to give
the impression that all domestic ques
tions except the tariff and immigra
tion might possibly be considered
within the jurisdiction of the council
| "The mention of one thing," remarks
the President, "is often the exclusion
of other things."
Fifth. The President's explanation
of the Shantung provision is that to
take Shantung from Japan, who now is
in possession of it, means war with
Japan and France and Great Britain
The last two countries are bound by
solemn treaty entered into before the
Paris conference took place whereby
they are pledged to give Japan the
rights enjoyed by Germany. Mr. Wll
? (Continued on Fifth Page.) ~
Commissioner Gardiner, in
Dissenting Opinion, Deals
With Legal Aspects.
HIS COST BASIS WOULD
ADD MILLIONS TO WORTH
States That He Realizes Responsi
bility and Makes His Decision
Fearless of Criticism.
Predicting financial disaster for the
company and a retarding of Washing
ton's growth if the findings of his col
leagues are sustained. Commissioner
W. Gwynn Gardiner, in a twenty-four
page typewritten opinion, today re
vealed his reasons for disagreeing
with the majority members of the
Public Utilities Commission in their
finding of fair value for the proper
ties of the Washington Railway and
Electric Company.
The Commissioner goes into the
case at length, resting his arguments
almost solely upon United States Su
preme Court decisions.
He avoids figures, confining the re
port to a discussion of legal prin
ciples which, if applied, would add
several million dollars, it is estimated,
to the valuation of $16,106,368.14 as
found by the majority members. Com
missioners Kutz and Brownlow.
"I am not unmindful of the fact." he
states, in concluding the report, "that
much criticism from certain sources
which will be heaped upon me by
reason of my dissenting opinion in
this and the other street railway case
(Capital Traction Company) would
have been spared me had I agreed
with my associates' views or dissent
ed without expressing my reasons for
so doing. _ ..
"I believe it to be the duty pf the
commission to form their opinion in
every respect, so that the courts can
look into and analyze the various
problems involved?to correct, amend
or affirm them. This the courts can
not do if the commission does not let
it be known what consideration it
gives and what its findings are upon
every question in dispute.
Recognizes Great Responsibility.
"When considering this question
from its many and different angles, I
have at all times recognized the great
responsibility that rested upon me
and the other members of the com
mission .in dtsposing'of this case. I
am convinced that if the majority
opinion in this case Is sustained
the cgUrti ruin trill -result to thee,
toads, the value of which we are en
deavoring to ascertain, and that if
that thing is done which results in
the destruction of these properties, it
must at the same time result in a
very serious setback, if not into a
lasting retarding of the growth and
development of this, our National
Capital.
"The reasons that prompted me in
expressing myself in such a decided
way as 1 have done in this case must
have been the same as those passing
through the mind of our distinguished
i ex-President when he said:
I " "But a public officer, when he con
| ceives it his duty to take affirmative
I action in the public interest, has no
: more right to allow fear of unjust
criticism and attacR to hinder him
from taking that action than he
would allow personal and dishonest
motives to affect him. It is easy in
cases like this to take the course
which timidity prompts, and to?do
nothing, but such a course does not
inure to the public weal.'
"I feel as he feels on this subject,
and I have done that thing which I
believe to have been my absolute
duty."
Disagrees With Associates.
As in his minority report in the
Capital Traction Company valuation
case. Mr. Gardiner dissents from the
findings of his associates as to the j
date of valuation. July 1. 1914.
He then reviews the development of
the company as effected under the ex
press authority of Congress and sets
forth in detail his reasons for doubt
iing that transactions which have been
i ratified by Congress can be set aside
! years afterward.
' Concerning the method of the ma
jority members for arriving at fair
lvalue by starting with a valuation as
! of July 1. 1914, and adding thereto all
! proper capital expenditures incurred
I since that date, Mr. Gardiner says, in
! part:
I "By the terms of the latter para
> graph (paragraph 9 of the public
i utilities act) it will be seen that the,
i revaluation of the property of this
i company may be had by the commis
I sion at anv time, and therefore surely
t Congress did not intend that this com
I mission should begin on November S,
;1916 a, hearing in this case for the
.purpose of arriving at the value of the
! property, which did not end until Sep
tember. 1919, and date back its flnd
! ings in effect as of June 30. 1914, while
! at the same time fix a rate of return
? to the company for the present time
land under present conditions, which
! does not represent the fair value of
i the properties at the present time
' under present conditions.
Considers Permanent Cost.
! "I do not wish to be understood as
! saying that I believe that the com
pany's property should be valued at
; the current prices of labor and mate
i rial which must be somewhat abnor
| mal. I do believe, however, that we
I should determine as of today what the
' fair value of this property is, taking
I as a basis what we find will be a fair,
permanent basic cost of reproducing
i the propertv and not fix its fair value
i as of an arbitrary_date, adding there
i to such capital expenditures as have
been made since that date.
"I am entirely satisfied that the
commission had a right to have all
their calculations made as of July 1.
1914 provided they added thereto not
only what had been expended by the
railroad by way of capital expenditure
since said date, but they should have
added also the reasonable percentage
? of increase which the present day
! clearly shows is necessary in order to
; give us the value of the property as
' nt todav rather than of 1914.
j "My associates, having found that
I there is an increase since 1914?a per
manent, lasting increase?it is the
duty of the commission to ascertain
what percentage of increase would be
a fair one and add that to the value
found as of 1914 Plus capital expendi
tures since 1914 in order to make the
proper and fair value.
"I find that the Supreme Court has
spoken upon this subject, favoring
such a contention, in language so
r' (Continued on Fifth rage.)
/? V'1 /
DISTRACTION.
U S. DESTROYS LUMBER
MUCH DWI AS FIE
Bonfire Made of Scrap Material.
Could Not Be Given Away Un
less Congress Authorized.
The fact that no department or
other branch of the government may
give away property without specific
authorization of Congress, even when
sucji property consists merely of scrap
lumber, useless to the government, but
valuable to individuals as -kindling
wood, was illustrated yesterday
when an. accumulation of such ma
terial was destroyed at the War Col
lege, in spite of the fact that persons
living near the War College asked
permission to remove the scraps for
utilization as fuel.
A heap of bits of board, scantlings,
etc., accumulated' in the" course of
erection of new buildings the
War College, attracted' the attention ;
of a subscriber of The Star, who j
asked permission to haul It away for |
use In his stove. Officers refused to j
grant the permission, and the pile wac i
turned into a bonfire. I
It was explained to a reporter for
The Star that the scraps were prop
erty of the government and, as such,
under the law, could not be given
away, nor could they be sold, except
through bids duly advertised as pro
vided by law. Calling for bids, it was
explained, would have entailed more
expense than the scraps were worth.
Ir. order to give away even one load
of the scraps, it was stated. Congress
would have to pass an act permitting
such disposal of the waste material.
Consequently, persons living near the
War College had to watch the de
struction of a quantity of lumber
scraps that would have furnished
fuel for several weeks and that would
have benefited some poor person in
these days of high prices for wood
or coal.
BALTIMORE'S GLAD HAND
GIVEN TO ODD FELLOWS
Centennial Celebration Scheduled
in City, Where Order's First Amer
ican Lodge Was Formed.
* _________
Special Dispatch to The Star.
BALTIMORE, September 13.?Balti
more today is en fete for the cen
tennial celebration of American Odd
Fellowship which starts tomorrow
with services in a number of churches,
and will continue all the week.* The
courthouse plaza has been trans
formed into a court of honor, with
grass covering the entire space, and
decorated witji growing plants and
thousands of electric lights. Fully
75,000 members and visitors are ex
pected during the week to partici
pate in the commemoration of the
centennial and to pay homage to the
city that gave birth to the order in
America.
It was in the old Seven Stars tavern,
on 2d street (now Water street), on
Friday, April 26, 1819, that Thomas
Wildey, John Welch, John Duncan,
John Cheatham and Richard Rush
worth met and organized the first
lodge in this country?Washington
LiOdge, No. 1?named in honor of
George Washington. February 1.
1820, a charter was secured from the
Duke of York Lodge in England, giv
ing it the power to grant warrants
and dispensations for the further es
tablishment of the order in America.
Within three weeks the membership
increased to 15, and today there aj-e
over 16.000 Odd Fellows in Maryland
alone, with a total membership in the
country of over 2.230.000.
The parade on Wednesday promises
to be the greatest in the history of
the order, as there will be over 8,000
uniformed men in line, in addition to
20.000 civilian marchers.
Do We Hold Privileges
of U. S. Citizenship
Too Cheaply?
Carter Glass, Secretary of the
Treasury, raises the question in an
article he has written for the Edi
torial Section of tomorrow's Sun
day Star.
If America is to be made better,
he contends, the average of citi
zenship must be made better; and
citizenship should not 6e bestowed
as tf It were a ?thing of little value.
Mr. Glass' article is only one of a
number of features that will make
tomorrow's Sunday Star an Issue
of exceptional interest and worth
whllenesa. ? -
WILL PUSH ATTACK
D. C. Committee Is to Go
Ahead With Legislative
h Program Next Week.#
The Senate District committee,
which has been investigating prof
iteering in food, rent, etc.. in the Dis
trict of Columbia, next week will go
ahead with its program of legislation
to relieve the situation here so far as
profiteering in food is concerned, it
was said today.
Senator Sherman of Illinois, chair
man of the committee, and Senator
iCapper of Kansas, wlio has been an
active member of th<>
I abandon its efforts along these lines,
i "The published report to tne eneci
that the District committee intended
i to abandon its efforts to Prevent Prof
iteerinfr in food in the District or
1 Columbia, was entirely gratuitous,
I said Senator Sherman.
Mr. Capper Discusses Situation.
Senator Capper said that aPP*reJ\*!X
some one who had suggested that
the committee intended to bring out
a bill to provide for a f?od co?mtil
sion in the District similar to the
rent commission provided for in the
I bill passed by the Senate yesterday
I had apparently become dl?f
when this idea was not carried out
He said that so far as he
! matter of a food commission had
never come before the committee or
i been discussed by its members. He
said that the committee had so far
not considered in executive session
what its program should be ?ith re
gard to profiteering in food in tne
District. That the committee ?will
! have a program he predicted
i One measure of relief which will be
i nresented either by the committee or
| by Senator Capper, if the.
idoes not adopt the plan, is a bill to
1 for the incorporation of or
! ganization in the District of Columbia
for co-operatve P"rfh?sinS
> tribution of foodstuffs a*d other
l,,e|enftor Capped already has drafted
a bill along these lines which he will
submit to the committee. He is con
fident that much benefit to the pur
chasing public can be derived from
the development of a co-operative pur
chasing organization here. He said
there are two many middlemen be
tween the producer and the consumer,
each of whom take a profit.
The co-operative purchasing soci
eties he said, will do away with these
middlemen and benefit both the pro
ducers and the consumer. He Panted
out that the co-operative purchasing
societies in Great Britain had been a
targe factor in relieving the situation
there.
Senator Capper's Suggestion.
I Senator Capper pointed out that tne
'President and the Attorney yeneral
are at present working out plains to
handle food profiteers, and that fair
pripe committees have been organized
here and elsewhere. He said that he
thought the committee would un
doubtedly consult with representatives
of the Department of Justice and wit
Clarence Wilson before proposing any
legislation regarding food pronteer
He said that it would be advis
kb!e to get their ideas and to learn
whether the Department of
has sufficient powers under the food
?trn Vet to handle the situation
The opinion was expressed today that
neonle ot the District should be con
side^-ably encouraged over the Pro^P1
?iction of the Senate on the rent mat
to It wi. admitted that legislation
attempting in any way to fix the
nrices/of food and clothing was a hard
nut to crack. The constitutionality
and the practicability of such a meas
S?e must be considered. It was neces
sity not to interfere with production
of food through too great regulation
of prices, or else the cure wou*d be
worse than the disease, it was said.
D. C. Subcommittee to Meet.
The District subcommittee will meet
Tuesday morning for a hearing on
shoes, at which representatives of the
Federal Trade Commission and local
shoe dealers will be heard. At that
time the committee will outline its
future program. The committee al
ready has taken voluminous testi
mony on the subject of food prices in
the District of Columbia.
30,000 READY TO LEAVE
GERMANY FOR MEXICO
MEXICO CITY, September 11.?
Thirty thousand emigrants are prepared
to leave Germany for Mexico, according
to Arthur von Magnus, representative
the German government here, who
^ayreqSd the Mexican government
to furnish him information regarding
Mexican labor conditions which would
affect these newcomers.
Chicago Food Bureau Brings to
Light a Systematic Scheme to
Boost Prices Through Storage.
CHICAGO, September 13.?Evidence
that foods are being stored in furni
ture storage warehouses, and that
wholesale grocers bought canned
goods from the government at the
varying prices and sold them at a
good profit, was brought out today
at an inquiry conducted by the city
food bureau. One wholesaler said his
profit was 33% per cent. Another
admitted changing the labels and
selling the government canned goods
as his own brapd.
One storage 'house man admitted
that foods were being stored in the
furniture warehouses. Another made
a denial, but the chairman of the
bureau replied to him that he had
evidence that thousands of dollars'
worth of food were stored in his
warehouse, and that Morris & Co.
alone had 20,000 cases there.
A wholesaler, who said much food
is being stored, said that shipments
to Europe were leaving little surplus
in the United States. His firm bought
28,794 cans Of string beans from a
government warehouse, here at 8 1-S
cents a can. oc $1 a case of twelve
cans, and sold them to retailers at
$1,35.
One wholesaler bought canned
beajns from the government at 9 cents
a ckn and sold them for $1.35 a case.
Still another bought beans at 8%
cents a can and, sold at $1.25 a case,
and admitted he had removed the
labels and substituted his own.
TRADE UNION CONGRESS
UPHOLDS IRISH CAUSE
Resolutions Deprecate Military
Rule and Protest Against "Bol
shevist" Prosecution.
GLASGOW, September 13. ? The
Trade Union Congress, which has
j been in session here all the week,
j ended today with the adoption of
I resolutions reaffirming the right of
j free speech and protesting against
the arrest and deportation of alien
trades union officials for alleged con
nection with bolshevism. The resolu
tions also expressed belief in the ne
cessity for continuing the control of
food prices.
James Henry Thomas, labor member
of parliament, acting together with
Robert Smillie, the miners" leader,
i moved an emergency resolution dep
, recating military rule in Ireland, and
1 declaring that the only solution of
I the Irish problem was through the
| method of self-determination by
which the Irish people could work
' out their own salvation. The resolu
I tion expressed profound sympathy for
the trades unionists' "Irish brethren
! in their hour of repression." This reso
' lution was carried unanimously.
COMES FROM ILLINOIS
TO WED 1ST DIV. MAN
Miss Blanche M. Postin, nineteen
years old, came all the way to Vv ash
ington from her home at Avon, 111.. to
be married yesterday afternoon to
Corp. Roy L. Bull, recently returned
with the let Division from overseas.
Rev. G. Ellis Williams, pastor of Pet
worth M. E. Church, happened to be
at the courthouse as a witness in^
lunacy hearing- and was pjjey?'^.ar_
bv a lawyer to officiate at ?ar
riage ceremony, which the
people wanted performed at once. The
party repaired to a witness room In
the courthouse and the knotJ*'*"*1 j
The couple have the distinction or
being the first united there since tb*
court building was remodeled.
B0ST0HT0APP01NT
HEW NIEN TO POSTS
STIEMMD
Police Commissioner Bars
Way to Patrolmen's
Return io Duty.
ACTS UPON ADVICE OF
ATTORNEY GENERAL
Governor Indorses Stand Taken by
Head of Department?Man Shot
and Killed in Straggle.
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, September 13.?It is a fight
to the finish. The offices formerly
held by striking policemen are va
cant. New men will be recruited. The
request of Samuel CJompers that the
strikers be reinstated is refused.
This is the attitude of the state as
made known today by Police Commis
sioner Curtis. It appeared to mean the
complete failure of the attempts at
compromise.
Gov. Coolldge promptly indorsed the
attitude of the police commissioner. "I,
too, will be guided by the opinion of the
attorney general," he said.
The city was generally quiet to
day, and business went on as usual.
Man Shot and Killed.
Raymond Gaist of Dorchester was
shot and killed when he resisted a
state guard near the corner of Tre
, mont and Boylston streets. It was
said that he refused to" move on and
1 when prodded with a bayonet at
tempted to seize the guard's gun. He
I received the bullet In the breast. In
the excitement that followed and
while the guards were dispersing the
crowds another shot was fired, wound
ing in the knee Mrs. Mary Jacques of
Dorchester, who was passing.
In response to a telegram from Samuel
Gompers the policemen's union voted
last night in favor of resuming their
beats provided the authorities would
'agree to the suggestion of Mr. Gom
I pers that the matter of their union
affiliation be held In abeyance until
after a conference on the labor situa
tion called by President Wilson for
October 6.
Wants lien Reinstated.
The resolutions adopted by the union
also called for the reinstatement of
the nineteen patrolmen who were
suspended for violation of the depart
ment rule forbidding membership in
outside organizations and whose sus
pension was the immediate cause of
the walkout last Tuesday afternoon.
Gov. Coolidge received Frank H.
McCarthy, representing the American
Federation of Labor, and other labor
leaders this morning. The message
to the governor from Mr. Gompers,
already made public, reached the
statehouse this morning. It was a
duplicate of one sent to- Mayor Petere
yesterday.
j Gov. Coolidge. in a statement yes
, iterday said that he considered the
i walkout as desertion of duty rather
than a strike and that he could think
of "no conditions" under which the
men should be taken back. He said,
however, that the matter rested with
Police Commissioner Curtis.
General Strike a Possibility.
A general strike In support of the
police was still a possibility today.
Several unions affiliated with the Cen
tral Labor Union met last night to
I vote on the question of going out,
I but in most cases action was post
1 poned to await the outcome of the
' suggestion of President Gornpers. The
j telpehone operators put the question
| over until next Tuesday.
I State guard troops continued to
! patrol the streets in conjunction with
j the voluntary policemen and loyal
members of the regular force. There
was no repetition during the night of
the riotins and looting which marked
the first forty-eight hours of the
strike, and only a few arrests were
' made for minor offenses.
An Open Letter
Yesterday The Star was obliged to omit 10 columns
of advertising. This was caused by the fact that 32 pages
is the limit of its press facilities without using an advance
supplement, which is impractical for an afternoon news
paper with a large circulation.
From now on the demands for advertising space will
probably far exceed the maximum space available for this
purpose. For this reason The Star's customers who are
large users of advertising space are earnestly requested
to arrange their advertisements in such a way that when
necessity arise^a portion of the advertising (containing
the least important items) may be omitted. On Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Fridays it is especially requested that they
take full advantage of this suggestion.
Whenever possible extra copy should be sent for in
sertion on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays to take
advantage of the advertising space more apt to be avail
able on those days.
Until U. S. Assumes Re
sponsibility for Pledges.
CROWD SURROUNDS CAR
AT PASCO, WASHINGTON
H
Executive Tells Stories; Hears of
Band Hired Not to Play?"Dam"
Joke Gets Laugh.
By the Associated Pr*?s*.
OX BOARD PRESIDENT WILSON'S
SPECIAL TRAIN", September 11.?
When President Wilson's special trfcin
stopped for a few minutes at Pasoo,
Wash., shortly after 9 o'clock last
night, a crowd surrounded the pri
vate car "Mayflower" and the Presi
dent came out to shake hands and ex*
change greetings with them. After
telling several stories, he wound up
by making: a short speech, in which
he said the war was "unfinished" un
til the United States had assumed re
sponsibility for its pledges that future
wars should be made impossible.
When he asked how so large a
crowd had gathered without having
the band out, Mr. Wilson was told by
one of the boys present that "th*
band's wore out."
Gave Band $15 Not to Play.
Another boy wearing a faded band
man's uniform was thrust forward
then and presented as "the sole mem.
ber of Pasco's brass band." The Pres
ident remarked that he did not loo*
as if he had wind enough, and then an
old inhabitant confided that "he had
given the band $15 not to p'.ay to*
night."
The talk then turned to the prevail
ing dry weather, Mr. Wilson remark
ing it was a sandy country.
"Yes." said a man in the crowd, "we
have to have a lot of grit to live
here."
One of the President's stories which
got a long laugh was about a man
who played golf and always aaid
"Assouan" when he missed the ball.
When asked why, he replied
"Assouan" was the biggest dam la
the world.
"They're building a dam for me
down in Georgia," added the Presi
dent.
Thanking the crowd for coming out
to see him. Mr. Wilson said in a brief
speech that he regarded it as another
evidence that the people wanted the
pace treaty ratified.
As the train slowly got under way
and Mr. Wilson was waving good-
bye to the cheering crowd, his atten
tion was attracted to a man who ran
[ along the track in an evident en
i deavor to overtake the receding rear
: platform. When the President turned
to him inquiringly, he puffed:
"Don't mind me; I only promised to
get the last look lit you from Paaoot
and I've done It."
HERBERT C. HOOVER BACK
FROM OVERSEAS MISSION
Will Be Honor Guest Tuesday at
Sinner in New York?Delega
tion Here From India.
NEW YORK, September 13.?Her
bert C. Hoover, who has been over
seas since the armistice was signed,
I as interallied relief director, was
' j among the passengers on the liner
I Aquitania, which arrived here early
{ today.
1 I With Mr. Hoover are his wife and
, | son Allan. He will remain here for
I the dinner to be tendered in his hmtor
on Tuesday by the American Institute
of Mining and Metallurgical Eagl
neers. and then go to his home at
Palo Alto. Calif.
Also on the Aquitania was a yp
prison commission from India,
which Sir Alexander Cardew is
man. The members will study the
formatory and penal methods in
country, preliminary to making radi
cal changes in the penal system mt
| India.
i Others on the liner are Dr. John P.
' Andrews, secretary of the Americas
i Association for Labor legislation,
; who has been in France and England
for two months as technical adrlmtf
' from the United States government;
the committee for the international
labor congress, to be held in Wash
ington next month, and Baron Joitm
\ and members of the Japanese
1 conference mission.
| RUMANIA AND ENTENTE
RELATIONS IMPROVING
French Minister and Country^
Bepresentatives in Paris Have
Cordial Meeting-.
PARIS. September 13 (Havas).?The
situation between Rumania and the
entente appears to be brighter. A
cordial meeting was held by Stephen
Pichon, French foreign minister, and
Nicholas Misu, Rumanian representa
j tive in Paris, and M. Vaida. one of
Rumanian peace delegation, yester
day. The Rumanians express the
desire of Rumania to safeguard their
[country's national dignity, but to up.
I hold her avowed intention to remain
' on friendly relations with the entente.
| President Poincare also received the
Rumanian delegates yesterday.
The Rumanian representatives are ,
still without efllcial confirmation ot j
the reported fall of the ministry head- 3
ed by J. J. C. Bratiano. They ?*?'.?
that he was still in office September
U. S. FINANCIERS MAY
AID POLISH TOWNS
i
IBj the Associated Pre,,.
BERLIN, September 11.?An Aaarl*
can financial commission has arrived
at Lodz to make an investigation re' '
gardlng the financial situation In Po
land.
Inquiries will be Instituted before ;
the establishment, as contemplated, of a '
concern with a capital of $100,000,00*
to finance the municipal requ'>-emi
of Polish towns and the ~
the canalisation syaten
vaiar works and hospitals;

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