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WEATHER. Continued cloudy and unsettlad to night and tomorrow; little change in temperature. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended 2 p.m. today: Highest. 51. at 2 p.m. today; lowest. 43. at 5 a.m. today. Full report on page 10. Closing New York Stocks, Page 11. -+ * Member of the Associated Press The Anoclittd Presa !? exclualrely entitled t* the use for republication of all newt dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In tblt paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of publication of apcclal diapatchea herein are alao reserved. Yesterday's Net Circulation, 93,018 No. 27,590. WASHINGTON, D, G, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1919. - TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS. COURT DIRECTS COAL STRIKE ORDER CANCELLED GIVING UNION HEADS UNTIL TUESDAY TO ACT MINE WORKERS ARE ORDERED TO WITHDRAW EDICT UNDER WHICH 400,000 MEN ARE IDLE Postponement Was Sought in Hope of Effecting Settlement of Dispute Between Owners and Men. "Too Important," Government Reply. Judge Ames Quotes President Wilson's Statement. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., November 8.?The United Mine Workers of America were today ordered to withdraw the strike order under which 400,000 men quit work November 1. The man date was issued by Judge A. B. Anderson of the United States district court after a hearing in which the union attorneys fought vainly for a chance to present arguments on the right to strike. Judge Anderson indicated he would issue the temporary in? junction asked by the government when he held that miners and their agents are guilty of conspiracy under the Lever act if two or more agree to quit work in coal mines. The union was given until November 11 at 6 p.m. to issue the cancellation. This date was selected because so many defendants were absent. The union attorneys explained the absentees must be summoned by telegraph from many parts of the country to issue the cancellation order. The attorneys announced that President Lewis and Secretary Green of the union proposed obeying the court order, but that they could not speak for their fellow officials. Br the AMOciitrd Prtu. INDIANAPOLIS. Ind? November The United Mlna?Workers of America, through their attorney, Henry War rum, asked at the opening of the United States district court today that the proceedings be postponed a week or ten days, in the hope that mean while the strike might be settled. The government, through C. B. Ames, assistant attorney general, objected, and the court thereupon took up the motion to dissolve the injunction. The government position was that the case was too Important to admit delay. Throng Seeks Admission. Half an hour before court opened the corridors of the federal building were jammed with scores of men and women waiting for an opportunity to ? get seats at the injunction hearing. l>eputy United States marshals formed tn<- spectators into lines and ushered them into the courtroom Indian file. When the seats were filled the doors were locked, but several score persons remained in the corridor hoping some of the persons in the room would grow weary of the proceedings and give them a chance to enter. The defendants were slow In gath ering. President Lewis and Secretary Oreen of the union were early, but the others .straggled in. Not all the men who were nerved with the re straining order were in court, coun t-el entering an appearance for them. The proceedings opened promptly at l'J a.m. "Your honor." said Henry Warrum of counsel for the defense, "the de fendants wish to move at this time for a postponement of these proceedings for a week or ten days. In the mean time it is hoped that a peaceful set tlement of the controversy upon which these proceedings are based may be reached " Objects to Delay. ?"The questions involved are too im portant to admit of delay," rejoined V B. Ames, assistant attorney general. "For this reason the government objects ! to delay." The attorneys then agreed that in ruling upon the motion for dissolution of the restraining order the court might also rule on the question of issuing an Injunction as prayed in the petition fiied last week by the government. Mr. Ames then offered affidavits from H B. Spencer and Marion Underwood of the railroad administration at ?Washington as to diminishing coal supplies and diminishing financial re tuins through operation of the roads. "Taken together these affidavits fhow," said Judge Ames, "that the government is operating the roads row at a loss which will increase with diminution of supplies for operation." Counsel for the defense tried to ob ject to lh? reading, but Judge Ander *on halted them. "These are equity proceedings and ] am going to let the evidence in," (?aid the court. Judjre Ames then read an affidavit from Thomas L. Lewis, secretary of the New River Coal Association of W est Virginia. This document de tailed the alleged violation of union contracts in that field. Similar affi davits were offered detailing alleged < irollar conditions in eastern Ken 1u<k> and Tennessee. Judge Ames then related the re-es tablishment of certain fuel adminis tration orders. 1 believe these are all the facts we wish to present at this time," said Judge Ames. Motion to Dissolve. The defense thereupon started to read its motion to dissolve in the form of an affidavit. The document asserted the legality of the strike called and that the sole object was to better the living condi tions of the miners by increased 'ages and shorter working hours, '"his was explained as designed to < hat the government assertion of a ? mspii'acy to violate the Lever food i nd fuel control act. The affidavit cited the statute for bidding issuance of injunctions in la bor disputes unless based upon de duction of property of the complain ant. The Lever act, it was argued, had become ineffective because the bad "ceased-progressively,"-tw? ef the circumstances cited In this con nection being that soldier members of the union had been discharged from government service and that the coal mines had been returned to their owners. "The union members therefore be lieved that peace had come and that the United States was no longer at war," said the affidavit, and it offered to show in court that by acts of the federal administration the war pow ers relating to the fuel industry had been dissolved. The motion also argued that the re straining order was calculated to de stroy the right to strike and result in dissolution of the organization. It also asserted that the portion of the order restraining use of union funds confiscated property without due proc ess of law. This ciosed the evidence and Judge Anderson then agreed with the at torneys that an hour and a half be allowed each side for argument. Government's Side Presented. Judge Ames opened for the govern ment. Reading from the Congressional Record, he got into the case Presi dent Wilson's statement on the coal strike, reading it in full. President Lewis of the union, with thumbs thrust into the armholes of his wais coat. listened to the chief executive's excoriation of the organization with a nonchalant manner, emphasized by closed eyes and an occasional use of a pencil as a toothpick. "The President states facts in that statement to the American people." said Judge Ames. "Because of a dis agreement between the miners and operators of the central competitive field a strike has been ordered throughout the United States. And this. too. notwithstanding that in other fields there were in force con tracts which were negotiated inde pendently of the central field. Court to Decide. "It is not for the defendants to de cide what is the law in this case. In civilized countries such questions are left to the arbitrament of courts. "The courts of this land have de cided that the war is yet existent. The unions say it has ended. They thus oppose their employers, the courts and the government. "It is assumed by the government, however, that the defendants acted in good faith, believing that their course was legal. Therefore, the civil ra ther than the criminal process has been invoked as a matter of fairness and common justice. Time for Plain Speaking. "As the President of the United States has said, the time has come for ?ilain speaking. No organization may override the law. Otherwise there is successful revolution. And 1 do not , believe the American people has reach ed the state where such a course can ; be approved. I "The government contends that this | strike is illegal in that it violates the | federal fuel control act." i Judge Ames cited the provisions of [ the-law forbidding restriction of fuel I output, and concluded: ? "Any arrangement which has that ef j feet violates the law." He said the government's position In i court in this case was settled by the Debs decision, and when Judge Ander son said he knew of that decision, the point was not elaborated. Replying to the defense contention that the war had "ceased progressively," Judge Ames quoted the I^ever act pro vision that it would remain in forco until peace was officially proclaimed, which he said had not been done. He also argued that President Wil son's statement as to war conditions of the strike, the declaration of Con gress last week that the Lever act was still in efTect and court decisions that war still exists showed executive, legislative and Judicial opinion i united against the union's contention. He denied that the Clayton act had any application to the present case. He said the provisions on strikes did not permit an unlawful act, and that section 20 of the act did not ap ply, because this was not a case be tween employers and employes. "But even if it did." he added, "there Is irreparable injury to this plaintiff, as evidenced by the affidavits offered - here today* ) LOADED COAL CARS , INDICATE ACTIVITY NEAR CUMBERLAND Strike Claims Conflict, But Struggle Evidently Has Lit tle Public Support. (A staff correspondent of The Star was sent to investigate the conditions in the Western Mar.vlnnd coal fields, because Washington re ceives a large proportion of its supply of bituminous from that region. ? From a Staff Correspondent. CUMBERLAND, Md., November 8.? So far as this field is concerned the coal strike has developed into a mat ter of "here are the figures" on the part of the operators and railroads, and "the operators and railroads He" on the part of miners and officials of the local unions of this district. No. 16. .Officials of the union, from President J Drum down, declared today that the | entire district is 100 per cent closed, and that the only mines that are , working aro a few that are getting j out what the miners call "Are coal" for domestic use in the immediate i vicinity of the mines. Sail Administration Figures. On the other hand, figures prepared at the offices here of the Cumberland division of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and forwarded to the ofllce of Director General Hines of the rail road administration, show that Thurs day the road handled 1,101 carB of coal out of the various fields in this region. The loadings were divided as follows: Fairmont field, 27 cars: Somerset and Connellsville field* ?82 c*rs; Mor- ! gantown and Kingwood, 23 cars; Preston, 10 cars; Oakfand. 1 car: Tunnelton, 3 cars; Boswell flelds. 355 cars. Railroad officials said last night that loadings at the various fields yester day were running heavier than Thurs day. Somebody isn't telling the truth about the situation, because the coal is coming out of the mines, being loaded on the cars and being hauled away. Along the lines of the B. & O. in the yards and sidings that extend practically all the way from Wash ington Junction to this city, are scores upon scores of steel coal cars t loaded with the product of the mines of this field?Georges Creek and up- I per Potomac. In the long stretch of yards are more than 3.000 cars of coal, and the yards of the Western ! Maryland railroad are full of loaded coal cars, too. Much of this coal ordi narily would go to Washington con sumers; just now it is being fed out a car or two at a time, as fuel and railroad administration officials di rect. No coal is going down the canal at this time, although the waterway is still open and in operation. The loading at the mines of 1.100 cars of coal in one day indicates that somebody is working, and those 3.000 or more big steel cars, loaded with perfectly good coal, standing in the miles of Baltimore and Ohio yards, look as if a coal famine wasn't to be particularly dreaded for a few weeks, anyhow. A peculiar phase of the strike that impresses any one at all familiar with I , conditions usually prevailing In a strike region is the fact that it is about as popular with the general public as would be a strike of the only fudge manufacturer in a girls' seminary town: and the miners, from the officials of their local unions down to the grimy workmen who get out the coal, are fully cognizant of the fact. In this the miners forget the big strike of 1894?the last real strike in this field ?when public opinion was so solidly ar rayed with the miners that the old 5th Regiment of the Maryland State Guard, on duty in this section, had one , of the busiest times of its career through ' the activity of individuals and units of the general public, anil through the ac tion of merchants and others who had to be coerced Into selling anything to the soldiers. Question of Store Credit. Now, however, it is Just the other way. At Frostburg, Mount Savage and ! other places in this field the merchants1 | on November 1 went on a strictly cash 1 ; basis, cutting off credit to the miners 1 [ on strike as well as to other customers i I The miners say?half a dozen of them! i told me this today?that the merchants I ; are still trusting the men as usual, but i ! the merchants themselves told me'that since November 1 not a dollar has gone I on their books for goods sold on credit | to striking miners or their families. No matter to whom one talks the sentiment expressed is strongly against the strike and the strikers Not a single individual except the miners ami members of their fam ilies. to whom I have talked, has had ' anything but condemnation for the j action of the United Mine Workers ! in shutting down the mines on the i verge of winter, throwing thousands I out of work and threatening not only I , every branch of productive industry ! ! but the very lives of thousands upon ' thousands of 'nnocent persons, most ly women and children, who will suf- 1 fer most if an actual coal famine de- I velops. Today I saw several affidavits I based on figures taken from pay rolls of coal producing concerns that give an idea of why the public is out of sympathy with the miners in this I strike. The figures contained In the i affidavits are striking refutation of the reiterated assertions of miners' union officials as to small pay of the men who work in the mines. Big Pay Boll Figures. John L. Manst, who is secretary of i the Knob Coal Company, operating mines near Morgantown, W. Va? and with offices here, in a sworn statement deposed that many men in the com pany's mines in October last drew checks for more than $200 for their month's work. The smallest check in the months pay roll, Mr. Manst swore, I (Continued orviiecond Page.) I ARRESTS ARE MADE HEREIN ROUND-UP FOR REDPLOHING Nine alleged Russian soviet sympa thizers. five of whom proved they are naturalized citizens of the United States, were arrested in Washington last night in a nation-wide campaign by the Department of Justice to frus trate celebration by "reds" of the founding two years ago today of the Russian soviet government. Washington's part in the campaign, which included raids by agents of the department in eighteen cities, chiefly in the eastern section of the country, was a relatively small one. it was said today, but it was conceded that possibly leaders of the red movement here are apt to prove agitators of the most dangerous kind. Officials of the Department of Jus tice refused today to give out the names of the men arrested last night in Washington or the places where they were taken into custody. It was admitted, however, that Ave of them were released on proving citizenship in the United States, but that one was to be rearrested today. Local Detectives Co-Operate. Inspector Clifford L. Grant, chief of detectives, and several members of his command have been co-operating with the federal authorities in an ef fort to assist in locating any of the objectionable foreigners who might be here. Members of the local police force have been active in the investigation, it is stated, and have communicated information of value to the federal authorities. It is said that police in formation told of meetings of small groups of the classes of persons 'in volved in the round-up. Detectives today were making every effort to learn where meetings had been held and where any are to be held in the near future. It was said at po lice headquarters today the local police have not made any arrests for the fed eral authorities. Decision to Deport Offenders. In connection with the raids Attorney General Palmer announced today de portation of all aliens engaged in red activities had been determined upon by the Department of Justice. Nearly 200 radicals and reds, one of them with materials for the making of bombs in his possession, were tak en in the department's clean-up last night, which gathered into the net leaders of the Union of Russian Workers in the United States, an an archistic organization that does not believe in any form of organized gov (Continued on Second Page.) KENTUCKY PROHIBITION FORCES ARE JUBILANT Dry Majority of 7,797 Is Shown on Face of Complete Unofficial Returns of 99 Counties. LOUISVILLE. Ky., November 8.? With a dry majority of 7,797 showing on the face of complete unofficial re turns from ninety-nine of the 120 counties of the state, prohibitionists In Kentucky, chiefly the Anti-Saloon League, were jubilant today over their apparent victory. They declared that when the remaining twenty-one coun ties are heard from, the dry majority would go beyond 10^000. "Wet" or ganizations did not deny this asser tion. some conceding defeat of the amendment. By Hie Associated Press. COLUMBUS, Ohio, November 8.? Complete official returns from seventy three of the eighty-eight counties and complete unofficial returns from the remaining fifteen counties, with the exception of seven missing precincts in two dry counties, as compiled shortly before noon today at the office of secretary of state, give the drys a majority of 859 in favor of ratifica tion of the federal prohibition amend ment. Complete official and unofficial re turns from eighty-seven counties showd that repeal of state-wide pro hibition had been defeated by. ap proximately, 30,000: that the proposal to manufacture beers and wines con taining up to 2.75 per cent alcohol had been defeated by. approximately, 15.000. and that the Crabbe prohibition enforcement act had been defeated by, approximately, 25,000. The returns from the eighty-seven counties gave the wets a majority of only 678 against ratification. News paper returns from the missing coun ty, Lake, gave the drys a majority in that county of 659, which would re duce the wet majority to only 19 votes. Additional official returns re ceived this morning by the secretary of state, and substituted for earlier unofficial returns, showed a gain for the drys of 250 votes on federal ratifi cation. Armenian Mandate Urged on U. S. GENEVA, Switerland, November 7.? A cablegram has been sent to Presi dent Wilson and Vice President Mar shall by the Swiss Federation of Friends of Armenia, urgringr that the United States accept the mandate for Armenia in order that "Armenia may not perish from the earth." "As Fine a Body of Men as the World Has Ever Seen" Says Gen. Pershing, in an article written especially for The Washington Star?a tribute to the American boys who won the war. This Armistice Day Feature, a sym posium from leaders of the A. E. F., contains tributes from Secretary Baker, Gen March, Gen. Wood and many others. In the Magazine Section. Admiral Sims Writes of First Successful Convoys Ring Lardner's Weekly Letter, "I'll Say I Won't Dance" RAY STANNARD BAKER, In the fifth of his Intensely Interesting arti cles on the Paris peace conference, tells of the dramatic Italian crisis and shows how the burden of unpleasant decisions was thrown upon President Wilson. In the Editorial section. UNCLE JOE CANNON discusses the relations between capital and la bor and the public's interest In their controversies. It Is In typical Cannon style, full of picturesque and homely philosophy. Other timely and Important articles have to do with ballot boxes for the District of Columbia, with the new deal which Congress Intends to give the public In legislation, with plans for rehabilitating Industrial cripples, and with how the new "fair price" committee for the District Is expected to function. And you will not want to miss "Jim, Captain of American Industry," which Is a sequel to "John, Plain American Laborer." In Tomorrow's Star SUBCOMMITTEES NAMED TO WATCH PROFJTJARGINS Six subcommittees of the fair price conti?jjJiJe^)_<;harged with watching the margin of profit made on all necessi ties sold in the District of Columbia, were appointed today by Chairman Clarence R. Wilson, following the first meeting of the full committee at the Department of Justice yesterday aft ernoon. and these smaller groups will hold their first meetings to review market conditions and prices next Tuesday. It was also announced today that two woman members of the fair price committee have been appointed. Mrs. J Charles S. Hamlin, wife of the mem ber of the Federal Reserve Board, rep resenting the women at large, and Miss E. J. Good, representing the Con sumers' League. Personnel of Subcommittees. The subcommittees named today fol low: Groceries, wholesale and retail John H. Wilkins, Simon Gordon, N. C. Sprague and Howard Moran. Shoes?Joseph Strasburger. Edward : Atkinson and Mrs. Charles S. Hamlin I Men's clothing?Howard Moran. Ed ? ward Atkinson and a dealer yet to be ; appointed. Women's clothing?Philip King Miss E. J. Good and Mrs. Hamlin. Meats?Miss Good, Dr. W. C. Fowler and a dealer yet to be appointed. Perishables?Dr. Fowler. N. C. I Sprague and a commission' merchant | yet to be appointed. Considering Milk Prices. Mr. Wilson is considering the ad visability of appointing a special sub I committee to inquire into milk prices in the District, and if this is done it is understood that Dr. Fowler, who is the District health officer, will be chairman. No chairmen of the subcommittees have been named by Mr. Wilson, and these groups will complete their or ganization next Tuesday. The subcommittee will meet at dif ferent hours, in the office of Mr. Wil son in the Department of Justice building. Their findings and recom mendations will be reviewed by the | larger committee before any action is ! taken. The meeting of the committee at1 the Department of Justice yesterday I was coincident with the appearance of Attorney General Palmer before the House agricultural oommittee, where he asked for a six-month ex tension of the Ijever food control act. as amended last month, under which fair price committees all over the country are acting. The law be comes inactive as soon as a presi dential proclamation announces a ] state of war at an end. Fair Price Committee's Power. The committee, which' succeeds the fair price committee which met week ly last summer, has no power to fix prices, but it is charged to watch the margin of profits made in coal, food, clothing and shoe prices, and if these are unjust or unreasonable- to bring the matter to the attention of the federal district attorney. The food control act as in force dur ing the war declared that profiteering and hoarding were unlawful, but it provided no penalty for violators of the profiteering provision. The amend ed act. however, makes both offenses punishable by fine or imprisonment. It is probable that a new fair price list will be put out by the committeo next week, covering the most im portant items of food and clothing. The law, however, is not confined to the commodities which the committee sees fit to price, and profiteering in any of the lines covered in the statute may be made grounds for prosecution. Mr. Wilson's Statement. "I feel sure that we have a very capable committee." said Mr. Wilson today, "and that the proper interests of dealer and consumer?alike will be conserved. I have tried to give every interest concerned a proper represen tation on the committee, and do not doubt that we can eventually prohibit any profiteering In Washington as long as the present food control act remains In forca." BOTH SIDES IN STEEL STRIKE CRITICISED BY SENATE COMMITTEE I Committee Makes Six Findings and Suggests Remedies FINDINGS. !? Thr strike should have j been postponed at the President** request. 2. The underlying: muse of the strike Is the determination of the American Federation of Labor to organise the steel Industry. 3. The laborers In the steel In dustry had a Just eomplalnt relative to lonp; hours of service on the J part of some of them. 4. The steel workers had the rig;ht to have representatives of their own choosing: present griev- j ances to their employers. 5. The question of wajjes Is not j Involved In the controversy. 6. That behind this strike there Is massed a considerable element of !? W. AV.'s, anarchists and revolu tionist* and Russian Soviets; that some radicals are attempting: to j use the strike to elevate themselves I to power within the ranks of or ganized labor. REMEDIES. 1. Creation of a permanent federal Industrial commission, somewhat similar to the War Labor Board* to have larg:e powers I in mediation, conciliation, pending: whose decisions strikes should not I be declared. 2. An Americanization law, to provide for effective education and Americanization of Illiterate foreigners and native illiterates. j 3. Aid througrh federal govern ment and Industries to make ln I dustrlal workers hdme owners, j 5. Amendment of naturalisation I laws to compel aliens to learn to speak the American language and to become naturalised within five years, or be deported. 5. An effective law dealing: wltk anarchists, revolutionists and all who would destroy American government. MENOFlCROSS, BACK FROM EUROPE, TELL NEED OF CASH Two eminent Red Cross officials, re cently returned from a visit to those areas in Europe most devastated by war, in statements Issued yesterday through national headquarters of the Red Cross present in emphatic form to residents of the District of Colum- | bia vital reasons why the latter should do their utmost to meet the present appeal for $100,000, which is distinct from the drive for 100,000 I local members, known as the victory roll call. These officials are Dr. Frederick P. Keppel, formerly assistant secretary of war and now director of foreign operations of the Red Cross, and Col. Robert E. Olds, Red Cross commis sioner for Europe. Each of these men, who were eye-witnesses of the horrifying conditions existing in some large districts overseas, bring dis tressing accounts of the situation ex isting in Poland. Russia and other countries of Europe where the Red Cross. is now hard at work distrib uting relief and teaching home hy giene. Bed Cross Must Continue Work. j "From what I have seen with my I own eyes," declared Dr. Keppel, "X 1 come back absolutely convinced that the Red Cross would not be doing its full duty as a steward of the Ameri can people if the work undertaken among civilians during the war. or immediately after the armistice, in France and Belgium, in Italy and in eastern Europe, were permitted to terminate at the present time." "Thousands would die, mostly chil dren and sick persons, were the American Red Cross to withdraw from various European countries until re lief operations it is now carrying on are completed." said Col. Olds. In Poland, for example, they both point out, the coming winter will be exceedingly difficult for millions of people. Typhus is rampant there, as it is in western Russia. Siberia and parts of the Balkans. Every effort Is being made by the Red Cross to assist in preventing the spread of this scourge to France and to England and thus to America. Aid Goes to Russia. Apprehending suffering in Russia the Red Cross already has carried thousands of tons of American relief supplies into western Russia and the Baltic states. In the event of the fall of Petrograd and the collapse of the ! existing bolshevik regime immediate and general relief will be needed to avert widespread suffering from hunger, exposure and illness. Reports from there state that energetic medi- I cal assistants with abundant medi- I cines would then be necessary, in ' Petrograd especially. Every one realizes that the Red Cross must be ready for all emergen cies and that funds must be on hand when epidemic and disaster occur "to counteract quickly and effectively their pernicious presence, say these officials. That the Red Cross was pre pared in Europe for the great Cham pagne drive and the Austrian assaults upon Italy is best shown by the man ner in which it took care of the ref ugee population, and thus restored a morale among the armies that was in danger of impairment. Had Never Tasted Cow's Milk. When it is considered that there were thousands of children in Czecho slovakia between the ages of four and five who had never tasted cow's milk until last summer, and who naturally were subjected to the greatest forms (Contlaued on .Fourth Faeo.) , Radicals Denounced and Deportation for "Reds" Urged. BOARD TO SETTLE STRIKES IS ASKED Both Industrial and Labor Despotism Are Warned Against. Characterizing all strikes as "Indus trial barbarism" and declaring that "there Is no place In this country either for Industrial despotism or labor despotism." the Senate committee au thorized to investigate the steel strike today presented a report covering Its hearings both In Washington and in Pittsburgh, and criticising both the workers and the employers In the con troversy which resulted in at least par tial disruption of the steel industry. The committee censured the steel workers for not postponing the strike at the request of the President. I "The refusal of the labor leaders. | who seem to have been the guiding spirits of this strike, to accede to the j request of the President, even when backed to a certain degree by the pres ident of the American Federation of I Labor, lends weight to the idea that radical leadership, instead of conserva tive leadership was taking possession of and guiding this particular ?trlke," says the report. ""We regret that Mr. Gompers did not take a firmer position as to postponement." Denounces Radical Element. The report deals without gloves with the radical element, the "reds." found to be prominent In the steel strike movement. A large percentage of the strikers are foreigners, the re port says. "Thise wRo come for the purpose of stirring up trouble against this government and attempting to undermine It and overthrow it should be escorted to the water's edge and shipped back to the land from which they came," It continues. The committee's main conclusion, concurred in by all members, was ex pressed in the statement that "the public has a right to demand that capital shall not arrogate to itself the right to determine in its own way those industrial questions, and it is the same as to labor, and the duty is upon Congress to provide some way of adjusting these difficulties." War Labor Board, Model. As a permanent preventive of strikes, which the committee concedes "are apparently the only way for 2a bor to secure even its just demands if employers refuse to grant them," it is recommended that Congress au thorize the establishment of some such mediation agency with well de fined powers as the recently dissolved war labor board. "This board would have the power of compulsory investigation." the re port adds on this subject, but "not to the extent of compulsory arbitra tion. A just decision of the board would be indorsed by the public. There is good sense enough In the American people to bring about an adjustment of these difficulties." Committee members who conducted the investigation were fairly unani mous In the report, though leaving open points on which they could not agree. The report was signed by Senator Kenyon of Iowa, chairmrn, and Senators Sterling. South tiakora: Phipps. Colorado, republicans. and McKellar. Tennessee. and Walsh. Massachusetts, democrats^ Four Other Recommendations. Four other specific recommenda tions by the committee for legisla tion deal with the Americanization of aliens who come to this country, the naturalization within a given time of aliens or their deportation, a strin gent law to handle anarchists and revolutionists, and a law to aid in dustrial workers to own their own homes. Treating of the causes of the strike, the committee in its report expressed the opinion that the walkout was precipitated by the determination of the American Federation of Labor to organize the steel Industry. Wages are not a factor in the strike, the committee held, being high enough to give no reason for dissatisfaction. Hours of the workers, however, the senators believed, are too long. Foster and Margolis Scored. Further behind the strike, the com mittee found, was massed "a consider^ able element" of revolutionary rad* leal ism. of which it is said, there no question but that William Z' Foster, secretary of the general strike committee, was a leader. With Jacob Margolis, attorney for the I. W. W. and assistant in organising the strike. Secretary Foster came in for unspar ing condemnation. Despite Foster's partial disavowal of his former syn dicalist doctrines, the committee fail ed to be convinced that the strike leader has had "little change of heart." but on the contrary "he Is now In the full heydey of his power." "The laborers in the steel mills had a just complaint relative to the long hours of services on the part of some of them, and the right to have that complaint heard by the company." said the committee in summing up its formal findings. "They had the right to have repre sentatives of their own choosing pre sent grievances to the employers. Some members of the committee be lieve that more friendly relations would be maintained between em ployer and employe If the represen tatives who are chosen to present grievances to the employers were actually working in the industry and that such representatives ought not to be from outside the industry." Disagree on Working Hours. With the system of working hours in the steel industry the committee disagreed strongly, and oitfd hju