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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 08, 1919, Image 1

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Continued cloudy and unsettlad to
night and tomorrow; little change in
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ended 2 p.m. today: Highest. 51. at 2
p.m. today; lowest. 43. at 5 a.m. today.
Full report on page 10.
Closing New York Stocks, Page 11.
-+ *
Member of the Associated Press
The Anoclittd Presa !? exclualrely entitled t*
the use for republication of all newt dispatches
credited to It or not otherwise credited In tblt
paper and also the local news published herein.
All rights of publication of apcclal
diapatchea herein are alao reserved.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 93,018
No. 27,590.
Postponement Was Sought in Hope of
Effecting Settlement of Dispute
Between Owners and Men.
"Too Important," Government Reply.
Judge Ames Quotes President
Wilson's Statement.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., November 8.?The United Mine
Workers of America were today ordered to withdraw the strike
order under which 400,000 men quit work November 1. The man
date was issued by Judge A. B. Anderson of the United States
district court after a hearing in which the union attorneys fought
vainly for a chance to present arguments on the right to strike.
Judge Anderson indicated he would issue the temporary in?
junction asked by the government when he held that miners and
their agents are guilty of conspiracy under the Lever act if two
or more agree to quit work in coal mines.
The union was given until November 11 at 6 p.m. to issue the
cancellation. This date was selected because so many defendants
were absent. The union attorneys explained the absentees must
be summoned by telegraph from many parts of the country to issue
the cancellation order.
The attorneys announced that President Lewis and Secretary
Green of the union proposed obeying the court order, but that
they could not speak for their fellow officials.
Br the AMOciitrd Prtu.
The United Mlna?Workers of America,
through their attorney, Henry War
rum, asked at the opening of the
United States district court today that
the proceedings be postponed a week
or ten days, in the hope that mean
while the strike might be settled.
The government, through C. B. Ames,
assistant attorney general, objected,
and the court thereupon took up the
motion to dissolve the injunction.
The government position was that
the case was too Important to admit
Throng Seeks Admission.
Half an hour before court opened
the corridors of the federal building
were jammed with scores of men and
women waiting for an opportunity to ?
get seats at the injunction hearing.
l>eputy United States marshals formed
tn<- spectators into lines and ushered
them into the courtroom Indian file.
When the seats were filled the doors
were locked, but several score persons
remained in the corridor hoping some
of the persons in the room would
grow weary of the proceedings and
give them a chance to enter.
The defendants were slow In gath
ering. President Lewis and Secretary
Oreen of the union were early, but
the others .straggled in. Not all the
men who were nerved with the re
straining order were in court, coun
t-el entering an appearance for them.
The proceedings opened promptly at
l'J a.m.
"Your honor." said Henry Warrum
of counsel for the defense, "the de
fendants wish to move at this time for
a postponement of these proceedings
for a week or ten days. In the mean
time it is hoped that a peaceful set
tlement of the controversy upon which
these proceedings are based may be
reached "
Objects to Delay.
?"The questions involved are too im
portant to admit of delay," rejoined
V B. Ames, assistant attorney general.
"For this reason the government objects !
to delay."
The attorneys then agreed that in
ruling upon the motion for dissolution
of the restraining order the court might
also rule on the question of issuing an
Injunction as prayed in the petition
fiied last week by the government.
Mr. Ames then offered affidavits from
H B. Spencer and Marion Underwood
of the railroad administration at
?Washington as to diminishing coal
supplies and diminishing financial re
tuins through operation of the roads.
"Taken together these affidavits
fhow," said Judge Ames, "that the
government is operating the roads
row at a loss which will increase with
diminution of supplies for operation."
Counsel for the defense tried to ob
ject to lh? reading, but Judge Ander
*on halted them.
"These are equity proceedings and
] am going to let the evidence in,"
(?aid the court.
Judjre Ames then read an affidavit
from Thomas L. Lewis, secretary of
the New River Coal Association of
W est Virginia. This document de
tailed the alleged violation of union
contracts in that field. Similar affi
davits were offered detailing alleged
< irollar conditions in eastern Ken
1u<k> and Tennessee.
Judge Ames then related the re-es
tablishment of certain fuel adminis
tration orders.
1 believe these are all the facts
we wish to present at this time," said
Judge Ames.
Motion to Dissolve.
The defense thereupon started to
read its motion to dissolve in the
form of an affidavit.
The document asserted the legality
of the strike called and that the sole
object was to better the living condi
tions of the miners by increased
'ages and shorter working hours,
'"his was explained as designed to
< hat the government assertion of a
? mspii'acy to violate the Lever food
i nd fuel control act.
The affidavit cited the statute for
bidding issuance of injunctions in la
bor disputes unless based upon de
duction of property of the complain
ant. The Lever act, it was argued,
had become ineffective because the
bad "ceased-progressively,"-tw?
ef the circumstances cited In this con
nection being that soldier members of
the union had been discharged from
government service and that the coal
mines had been returned to their
"The union members therefore be
lieved that peace had come and that
the United States was no longer at
war," said the affidavit, and it offered
to show in court that by acts of the
federal administration the war pow
ers relating to the fuel industry had
been dissolved.
The motion also argued that the re
straining order was calculated to de
stroy the right to strike and result
in dissolution of the organization. It
also asserted that the portion of the
order restraining use of union funds
confiscated property without due proc
ess of law.
This ciosed the evidence and Judge
Anderson then agreed with the at
torneys that an hour and a half be
allowed each side for argument.
Government's Side Presented.
Judge Ames opened for the govern
Reading from the Congressional
Record, he got into the case Presi
dent Wilson's statement on the coal
strike, reading it in full. President
Lewis of the union, with thumbs
thrust into the armholes of his wais
coat. listened to the chief executive's
excoriation of the organization with
a nonchalant manner, emphasized by
closed eyes and an occasional use of
a pencil as a toothpick.
"The President states facts in that
statement to the American people."
said Judge Ames. "Because of a dis
agreement between the miners and
operators of the central competitive
field a strike has been ordered
throughout the United States. And
this. too. notwithstanding that in
other fields there were in force con
tracts which were negotiated inde
pendently of the central field.
Court to Decide.
"It is not for the defendants to de
cide what is the law in this case. In
civilized countries such questions are
left to the arbitrament of courts.
"The courts of this land have de
cided that the war is yet existent. The
unions say it has ended. They thus
oppose their employers, the courts and
the government.
"It is assumed by the government,
however, that the defendants acted in
good faith, believing that their course
was legal. Therefore, the civil ra
ther than the criminal process has
been invoked as a matter of fairness
and common justice.
Time for Plain Speaking.
"As the President of the United
States has said, the time has come for
?ilain speaking. No organization may
override the law. Otherwise there is
successful revolution. And 1 do not
, believe the American people has reach
ed the state where such a course can
; be approved.
I "The government contends that this
| strike is illegal in that it violates the
| federal fuel control act."
i Judge Ames cited the provisions of
[ the-law forbidding restriction of fuel
I output, and concluded:
? "Any arrangement which has that ef
j feet violates the law."
He said the government's position In
i court in this case was settled by the
Debs decision, and when Judge Ander
son said he knew of that decision, the
point was not elaborated.
Replying to the defense contention
that the war had "ceased progressively,"
Judge Ames quoted the I^ever act pro
vision that it would remain in forco
until peace was officially proclaimed,
which he said had not been done.
He also argued that President Wil
son's statement as to war conditions
of the strike, the declaration of Con
gress last week that the Lever act was
still in efTect and court decisions that
war still exists showed executive,
legislative and Judicial opinion
i united against the union's contention.
He denied that the Clayton act had
any application to the present case.
He said the provisions on strikes did
not permit an unlawful act, and that
section 20 of the act did not ap
ply, because this was not a case be
tween employers and employes.
"But even if it did." he added, "there
Is irreparable injury to this plaintiff,
as evidenced by the affidavits offered
- here today*
Strike Claims Conflict, But
Struggle Evidently Has Lit
tle Public Support.
(A staff correspondent of The Star was sent
to investigate the conditions in the Western
Mar.vlnnd coal fields, because Washington re
ceives a large proportion of its supply of
bituminous from that region. ?
From a Staff Correspondent.
CUMBERLAND, Md., November 8.?
So far as this field is concerned the
coal strike has developed into a mat
ter of "here are the figures" on the
part of the operators and railroads,
and "the operators and railroads He"
on the part of miners and officials of
the local unions of this district. No. 16.
.Officials of the union, from President J
Drum down, declared today that the |
entire district is 100 per cent closed,
and that the only mines that are ,
working aro a few that are getting j
out what the miners call "Are coal"
for domestic use in the immediate i
vicinity of the mines.
Sail Administration Figures.
On the other hand, figures prepared
at the offices here of the Cumberland
division of the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad and forwarded to the ofllce
of Director General Hines of the rail
road administration, show that Thurs
day the road handled 1,101 carB of coal
out of the various fields in this region.
The loadings were divided as follows:
Fairmont field, 27 cars: Somerset
and Connellsville field* ?82 c*rs; Mor- !
gantown and Kingwood, 23 cars;
Preston, 10 cars; Oakfand. 1 car:
Tunnelton, 3 cars; Boswell flelds. 355
Railroad officials said last night that
loadings at the various fields yester
day were running heavier than Thurs
Somebody isn't telling the truth
about the situation, because the coal
is coming out of the mines, being
loaded on the cars and being hauled
Along the lines of the B. & O. in
the yards and sidings that extend
practically all the way from Wash
ington Junction to this city, are
scores upon scores of steel coal cars
t loaded with the product of the mines
of this field?Georges Creek and up- I
per Potomac. In the long stretch of
yards are more than 3.000 cars of
coal, and the yards of the Western !
Maryland railroad are full of loaded
coal cars, too. Much of this coal ordi
narily would go to Washington con
sumers; just now it is being fed out
a car or two at a time, as fuel and
railroad administration officials di
rect. No coal is going down the canal
at this time, although the waterway
is still open and in operation.
The loading at the mines of 1.100
cars of coal in one day indicates that
somebody is working, and those 3.000
or more big steel cars, loaded with
perfectly good coal, standing in the
miles of Baltimore and Ohio yards,
look as if a coal famine wasn't to be
particularly dreaded for a few weeks,
A peculiar phase of the strike that
impresses any one at all familiar with I
, conditions usually prevailing In a
strike region is the fact that it is
about as popular with the general
public as would be a strike of the
only fudge manufacturer in a girls'
seminary town: and the miners, from
the officials of their local unions down
to the grimy workmen who get out
the coal, are fully cognizant of the
In this the miners forget the big strike
of 1894?the last real strike in this field
?when public opinion was so solidly ar
rayed with the miners that the old
5th Regiment of the Maryland State
Guard, on duty in this section, had one
, of the busiest times of its career through '
the activity of individuals and units of
the general public, anil through the ac
tion of merchants and others who had
to be coerced Into selling anything to
the soldiers.
Question of Store Credit.
Now, however, it is Just the other
way. At Frostburg, Mount Savage and
! other places in this field the merchants1
| on November 1 went on a strictly cash 1
; basis, cutting off credit to the miners 1
[ on strike as well as to other customers i
I The miners say?half a dozen of them!
i told me this today?that the merchants I
; are still trusting the men as usual, but i
! the merchants themselves told me'that
since November 1 not a dollar has gone
I on their books for goods sold on credit
| to striking miners or their families.
No matter to whom one talks the
sentiment expressed is strongly
against the strike and the strikers
Not a single individual except the
miners ami members of their fam
ilies. to whom I have talked, has had
' anything but condemnation for the
j action of the United Mine Workers
! in shutting down the mines on the
i verge of winter, throwing thousands
I out of work and threatening not only I
, every branch of productive industry !
! but the very lives of thousands upon '
thousands of 'nnocent persons, most
ly women and children, who will suf- 1
fer most if an actual coal famine de- I
Today I saw several affidavits I
based on figures taken from pay rolls
of coal producing concerns that give
an idea of why the public is out of
sympathy with the miners in this I
strike. The figures contained In the i
affidavits are striking refutation of
the reiterated assertions of miners'
union officials as to small pay of the
men who work in the mines.
Big Pay Boll Figures.
John L. Manst, who is secretary of
i the Knob Coal Company, operating
mines near Morgantown, W. Va? and
with offices here, in a sworn statement
deposed that many men in the com
pany's mines in October last drew
checks for more than $200 for their
month's work. The smallest check in
the months pay roll, Mr. Manst swore, I
(Continued orviiecond Page.) I
Nine alleged Russian soviet sympa
thizers. five of whom proved they are
naturalized citizens of the United
States, were arrested in Washington
last night in a nation-wide campaign
by the Department of Justice to frus
trate celebration by "reds" of the
founding two years ago today of the
Russian soviet government.
Washington's part in the campaign,
which included raids by agents of the
department in eighteen cities, chiefly
in the eastern section of the country,
was a relatively small one. it was
said today, but it was conceded that
possibly leaders of the red movement
here are apt to prove agitators of the
most dangerous kind.
Officials of the Department of Jus
tice refused today to give out the
names of the men arrested last night
in Washington or the places where
they were taken into custody. It was
admitted, however, that Ave of them
were released on proving citizenship
in the United States, but that one was
to be rearrested today.
Local Detectives Co-Operate.
Inspector Clifford L. Grant, chief of
detectives, and several members of
his command have been co-operating
with the federal authorities in an ef
fort to assist in locating any of the
objectionable foreigners who might
be here.
Members of the local police force
have been active in the investigation,
it is stated, and have communicated
information of value to the federal
authorities. It is said that police in
formation told of meetings of small
groups of the classes of persons 'in
volved in the round-up.
Detectives today were making every
effort to learn where meetings had
been held and where any are to be held
in the near future. It was said at po
lice headquarters today the local police
have not made any arrests for the fed
eral authorities.
Decision to Deport Offenders.
In connection with the raids Attorney
General Palmer announced today de
portation of all aliens engaged in red
activities had been determined upon by
the Department of Justice.
Nearly 200 radicals and reds, one of
them with materials for the making
of bombs in his possession, were tak
en in the department's clean-up last
night, which gathered into the net
leaders of the Union of Russian
Workers in the United States, an an
archistic organization that does not
believe in any form of organized gov
(Continued on Second Page.)
Dry Majority of 7,797 Is Shown on
Face of Complete Unofficial
Returns of 99 Counties.
LOUISVILLE. Ky., November 8.?
With a dry majority of 7,797 showing
on the face of complete unofficial re
turns from ninety-nine of the 120
counties of the state, prohibitionists
In Kentucky, chiefly the Anti-Saloon
League, were jubilant today over their
apparent victory. They declared that
when the remaining twenty-one coun
ties are heard from, the dry majority
would go beyond 10^000. "Wet" or
ganizations did not deny this asser
tion. some conceding defeat of the
By Hie Associated Press.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, November 8.?
Complete official returns from seventy
three of the eighty-eight counties and
complete unofficial returns from the
remaining fifteen counties, with the
exception of seven missing precincts
in two dry counties, as compiled
shortly before noon today at the office
of secretary of state, give the drys
a majority of 859 in favor of ratifica
tion of the federal prohibition amend
Complete official and unofficial re
turns from eighty-seven counties
showd that repeal of state-wide pro
hibition had been defeated by. ap
proximately, 30,000: that the proposal
to manufacture beers and wines con
taining up to 2.75 per cent alcohol had
been defeated by. approximately,
15.000. and that the Crabbe prohibition
enforcement act had been defeated by,
approximately, 25,000.
The returns from the eighty-seven
counties gave the wets a majority of
only 678 against ratification. News
paper returns from the missing coun
ty, Lake, gave the drys a majority in
that county of 659, which would re
duce the wet majority to only 19
votes. Additional official returns re
ceived this morning by the secretary
of state, and substituted for earlier
unofficial returns, showed a gain for
the drys of 250 votes on federal ratifi
Armenian Mandate Urged on U. S.
GENEVA, Switerland, November 7.?
A cablegram has been sent to Presi
dent Wilson and Vice President Mar
shall by the Swiss Federation of
Friends of Armenia, urgringr that the
United States accept the mandate for
Armenia in order that "Armenia may
not perish from the earth."
"As Fine a Body of Men as the
World Has Ever Seen"
Says Gen. Pershing, in an article written especially for
The Washington Star?a tribute to the American boys
who won the war. This Armistice Day Feature, a sym
posium from leaders of the A. E. F., contains tributes
from Secretary Baker, Gen March, Gen. Wood and many
others. In the Magazine Section.
Admiral Sims Writes of First Successful Convoys
Ring Lardner's Weekly Letter, "I'll Say I Won't Dance"
RAY STANNARD BAKER, In the fifth of his Intensely Interesting arti
cles on the Paris peace conference, tells of the dramatic Italian crisis
and shows how the burden of unpleasant decisions was thrown upon
President Wilson. In the Editorial section.
UNCLE JOE CANNON discusses the relations between capital and la
bor and the public's interest In their controversies. It Is In typical
Cannon style, full of picturesque and homely philosophy.
Other timely and Important articles have to do with ballot boxes for the
District of Columbia, with the new deal which Congress Intends to
give the public In legislation, with plans for rehabilitating Industrial
cripples, and with how the new "fair price" committee for the
District Is expected to function.
And you will not want to miss "Jim, Captain of American Industry,"
which Is a sequel to "John, Plain American Laborer."
In Tomorrow's Star
Six subcommittees of the fair price
conti?jjJiJe^)_<;harged with watching the
margin of profit made on all necessi
ties sold in the District of Columbia,
were appointed today by Chairman
Clarence R. Wilson, following the first
meeting of the full committee at the
Department of Justice yesterday aft
ernoon. and these smaller groups will
hold their first meetings to review
market conditions and prices next
It was also announced today that
two woman members of the fair price
committee have been appointed. Mrs.
J Charles S. Hamlin, wife of the mem
ber of the Federal Reserve Board, rep
resenting the women at large, and
Miss E. J. Good, representing the Con
sumers' League.
Personnel of Subcommittees.
The subcommittees named today fol
Groceries, wholesale and retail
John H. Wilkins, Simon Gordon, N. C.
Sprague and Howard Moran.
Shoes?Joseph Strasburger. Edward
: Atkinson and Mrs. Charles S. Hamlin
I Men's clothing?Howard Moran. Ed
? ward Atkinson and a dealer yet to be
; appointed.
Women's clothing?Philip King
Miss E. J. Good and Mrs. Hamlin.
Meats?Miss Good, Dr. W. C. Fowler
and a dealer yet to be appointed.
Perishables?Dr. Fowler. N. C.
I Sprague and a commission' merchant
| yet to be appointed.
Considering Milk Prices.
Mr. Wilson is considering the ad
visability of appointing a special sub
I committee to inquire into milk prices
in the District, and if this is done it
is understood that Dr. Fowler, who is
the District health officer, will be
No chairmen of the subcommittees
have been named by Mr. Wilson, and
these groups will complete their or
ganization next Tuesday.
The subcommittee will meet at dif
ferent hours, in the office of Mr. Wil
son in the Department of Justice
building. Their findings and recom
mendations will be reviewed by the |
larger committee before any action is !
The meeting of the committee at1
the Department of Justice yesterday I
was coincident with the appearance
of Attorney General Palmer before
the House agricultural oommittee,
where he asked for a six-month ex
tension of the Ijever food control
act. as amended last month, under
which fair price committees all over
the country are acting. The law be
comes inactive as soon as a presi
dential proclamation announces a ]
state of war at an end.
Fair Price Committee's Power.
The committee, which' succeeds the
fair price committee which met week
ly last summer, has no power to fix
prices, but it is charged to watch the
margin of profits made in coal, food,
clothing and shoe prices, and if these
are unjust or unreasonable- to bring
the matter to the attention of the
federal district attorney.
The food control act as in force dur
ing the war declared that profiteering
and hoarding were unlawful, but it
provided no penalty for violators of
the profiteering provision. The amend
ed act. however, makes both offenses
punishable by fine or imprisonment.
It is probable that a new fair price
list will be put out by the committeo
next week, covering the most im
portant items of food and clothing.
The law, however, is not confined to
the commodities which the committee
sees fit to price, and profiteering in
any of the lines covered in the statute
may be made grounds for prosecution.
Mr. Wilson's Statement.
"I feel sure that we have a very
capable committee." said Mr. Wilson
today, "and that the proper interests
of dealer and consumer?alike will be
conserved. I have tried to give every
interest concerned a proper represen
tation on the committee, and do not
doubt that we can eventually prohibit
any profiteering In Washington as
long as the present food control act
remains In forca."
I Committee Makes
Six Findings and
Suggests Remedies
!? Thr strike should have j
been postponed at the President**
2. The underlying: muse of the
strike Is the determination of the
American Federation of Labor to
organise the steel Industry.
3. The laborers In the steel In
dustry had a Just eomplalnt relative
to lonp; hours of service on the J
part of some of them.
4. The steel workers had the
rig;ht to have representatives of
their own choosing: present griev- j
ances to their employers.
5. The question of wajjes Is not j
Involved In the controversy.
6. That behind this strike there
Is massed a considerable element of
!? W. AV.'s, anarchists and revolu
tionist* and Russian Soviets; that
some radicals are attempting: to j
use the strike to elevate themselves I
to power within the ranks of or
ganized labor.
1. Creation of a permanent
federal Industrial commission,
somewhat similar to the War
Labor Board* to have larg:e powers I
in mediation, conciliation, pending:
whose decisions strikes should not I
be declared.
2. An Americanization law, to
provide for effective education
and Americanization of Illiterate
foreigners and native illiterates. j
3. Aid througrh federal govern
ment and Industries to make ln
I dustrlal workers hdme owners,
j 5. Amendment of naturalisation
I laws to compel aliens to learn to
speak the American language and
to become naturalised within five
years, or be deported.
5. An effective law dealing: wltk
anarchists, revolutionists and all
who would destroy American
Two eminent Red Cross officials, re
cently returned from a visit to those
areas in Europe most devastated by
war, in statements Issued yesterday
through national headquarters of the
Red Cross present in emphatic form
to residents of the District of Colum- |
bia vital reasons why the latter
should do their utmost to meet the
present appeal for $100,000, which is
distinct from the drive for 100,000
I local members, known as the victory
roll call.
These officials are Dr. Frederick P.
Keppel, formerly assistant secretary
of war and now director of foreign
operations of the Red Cross, and Col.
Robert E. Olds, Red Cross commis
sioner for Europe. Each of these
men, who were eye-witnesses of the
horrifying conditions existing in some
large districts overseas, bring dis
tressing accounts of the situation ex
isting in Poland. Russia and other
countries of Europe where the Red
Cross. is now hard at work distrib
uting relief and teaching home hy
Bed Cross Must Continue Work.
j "From what I have seen with my
I own eyes," declared Dr. Keppel, "X
1 come back absolutely convinced that
the Red Cross would not be doing its
full duty as a steward of the Ameri
can people if the work undertaken
among civilians during the war. or
immediately after the armistice, in
France and Belgium, in Italy and in
eastern Europe, were permitted to
terminate at the present time."
"Thousands would die, mostly chil
dren and sick persons, were the
American Red Cross to withdraw from
various European countries until re
lief operations it is now carrying on
are completed." said Col. Olds.
In Poland, for example, they both
point out, the coming winter will be
exceedingly difficult for millions of
people. Typhus is rampant there, as it
is in western Russia. Siberia and parts
of the Balkans. Every effort Is being
made by the Red Cross to assist in
preventing the spread of this scourge
to France and to England and thus to
Aid Goes to Russia.
Apprehending suffering in Russia
the Red Cross already has carried
thousands of tons of American relief
supplies into western Russia and the
Baltic states. In the event of the fall
of Petrograd and the collapse of the
! existing bolshevik regime immediate
and general relief will be needed to
avert widespread suffering from
hunger, exposure and illness. Reports
from there state that energetic medi- I
cal assistants with abundant medi- I
cines would then be necessary, in '
Petrograd especially.
Every one realizes that the Red
Cross must be ready for all emergen
cies and that funds must be on hand
when epidemic and disaster occur "to
counteract quickly and effectively
their pernicious presence, say these
officials. That the Red Cross was pre
pared in Europe for the great Cham
pagne drive and the Austrian assaults
upon Italy is best shown by the man
ner in which it took care of the ref
ugee population, and thus restored a
morale among the armies that was in
danger of impairment.
Had Never Tasted Cow's Milk.
When it is considered that there
were thousands of children in Czecho
slovakia between the ages of four and
five who had never tasted cow's milk
until last summer, and who naturally
were subjected to the greatest forms
(Contlaued on .Fourth Faeo.) ,
Radicals Denounced
and Deportation
for "Reds" Urged.
Both Industrial and
Labor Despotism Are
Warned Against.
Characterizing all strikes as "Indus
trial barbarism" and declaring that
"there Is no place In this country
either for Industrial despotism or labor
despotism." the Senate committee au
thorized to investigate the steel strike
today presented a report covering Its
hearings both In Washington and in
Pittsburgh, and criticising both the
workers and the employers In the con
troversy which resulted in at least par
tial disruption of the steel industry.
The committee censured the steel
workers for not postponing the strike
at the request of the President.
I "The refusal of the labor leaders.
| who seem to have been the guiding
spirits of this strike, to accede to the
j request of the President, even when
backed to a certain degree by the pres
ident of the American Federation of
I Labor, lends weight to the idea that
radical leadership, instead of conserva
tive leadership was taking possession
of and guiding this particular ?trlke,"
says the report. ""We regret that Mr.
Gompers did not take a firmer position
as to postponement."
Denounces Radical Element.
The report deals without gloves
with the radical element, the "reds."
found to be prominent In the steel
strike movement. A large percentage
of the strikers are foreigners, the re
port says. "Thise wRo come for the
purpose of stirring up trouble against
this government and attempting to
undermine It and overthrow it should
be escorted to the water's edge and
shipped back to the land from which
they came," It continues.
The committee's main conclusion,
concurred in by all members, was ex
pressed in the statement that "the
public has a right to demand that
capital shall not arrogate to itself the
right to determine in its own way
those industrial questions, and it is
the same as to labor, and the duty is
upon Congress to provide some way
of adjusting these difficulties."
War Labor Board, Model.
As a permanent preventive of
strikes, which the committee concedes
"are apparently the only way for 2a
bor to secure even its just demands
if employers refuse to grant them,"
it is recommended that Congress au
thorize the establishment of some
such mediation agency with well de
fined powers as the recently dissolved
war labor board.
"This board would have the power
of compulsory investigation." the re
port adds on this subject, but "not
to the extent of compulsory arbitra
tion. A just decision of the board
would be indorsed by the public.
There is good sense enough In the
American people to bring about an
adjustment of these difficulties."
Committee members who conducted
the investigation were fairly unani
mous In the report, though leaving
open points on which they could not
agree. The report was signed by
Senator Kenyon of Iowa, chairmrn,
and Senators Sterling. South tiakora:
Phipps. Colorado, republicans. and
McKellar. Tennessee. and Walsh.
Massachusetts, democrats^
Four Other Recommendations.
Four other specific recommenda
tions by the committee for legisla
tion deal with the Americanization of
aliens who come to this country, the
naturalization within a given time of
aliens or their deportation, a strin
gent law to handle anarchists and
revolutionists, and a law to aid in
dustrial workers to own their own
Treating of the causes of the strike,
the committee in its report expressed
the opinion that the walkout was
precipitated by the determination of
the American Federation of Labor to
organize the steel Industry. Wages
are not a factor in the strike, the
committee held, being high enough
to give no reason for dissatisfaction.
Hours of the workers, however, the
senators believed, are too long.
Foster and Margolis Scored.
Further behind the strike, the com
mittee found, was massed "a consider^
able element" of revolutionary rad*
leal ism. of which it is said, there
no question but that William Z'
Foster, secretary of the general strike
committee, was a leader. With Jacob
Margolis, attorney for the I. W. W.
and assistant in organising the strike.
Secretary Foster came in for unspar
ing condemnation. Despite Foster's
partial disavowal of his former syn
dicalist doctrines, the committee fail
ed to be convinced that the strike
leader has had "little change of
heart." but on the contrary "he Is
now In the full heydey of his power."
"The laborers in the steel mills had
a just complaint relative to the long
hours of services on the part of some
of them, and the right to have that
complaint heard by the company."
said the committee in summing up its
formal findings.
"They had the right to have repre
sentatives of their own choosing pre
sent grievances to the employers.
Some members of the committee be
lieve that more friendly relations
would be maintained between em
ployer and employe If the represen
tatives who are chosen to present
grievances to the employers were
actually working in the industry and
that such representatives ought not
to be from outside the industry."
Disagree on Working Hours.
With the system of working hours
in the steel industry the committee
disagreed strongly, and oitfd hju

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