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objection thereto the existence of
large numbers of non-Engltsh ?Pealf" ins: workers In the mills who should be given opportunity to become Americanised. "We believe that a large majority of the men actually working In the mills work ten and twelve hours a day." the report said. "Men cannot 1 work ten and twelve hours a day and attend classes in night schools. An eight-hour day with a living wage that will enable men to support their families and bring up their children according to the standards of Ameri can life ought to be a cardinal part of our Industrial policy, and the soon er the principle is recognized the bet ter It will be for the entire country." Gary and Collective Bargaining. Sketching briefly the history of the steel strike, the report dealt with the efforts of strike leaders to get Judge E. H. Gary, chairman of the United States Steel Corporation, into a con ference far enough to point out that committee members felt sympathy with the principle of collective bar gaining. but did not believe the steel strikers had taken the right course. "The representatives selected (for bargaining) should be those who be lieve In the principles of American government." the report said on this point. "Judge Wary could well have objected to receiving a man with the views of Mr. Foster. He did not put bis refusal on that ground, but rather put it on the ground that the men did not represent the employes, though himself conceding that 10 to 15 per cent of the men In the mills were probably unionized. It seems to us that even this 10 or 15 per cent had the right to select their own repre sentatives and present their griev ances, and that they should have been beard." Testimony before the committee, the report said, sustained the contention of the steel companies that a large proportion of the strikers are for eigners or non-English-speaking peo ples. ? Asserts A. F. L. Hade Mistake. Touching on the subject of radical Ism in the strike, the report said: "The committee Is of the opinion that the American Federation of T^abor has made a serious mistake and has lost much favorable public opinion by per mitting the leadership of this strike movement to pass into the hands of some who have heretofore entertained the most radical and dangerous doc trines." "Such men." said the report, allud ing to Foster and Margolis. "are dan gerous to the country, and they are dangerous to the cause of union labor. It is unfair for men who may be struggling for their rights to be represented by such leaders. If Mr. Foster has the real Interest of the laboring man at heart he should re move himself from any leadership. If he will not remove himself from leadership the American Federation of Labor should purge itself of such leadership in order to sustain the confidence the country baa had In It ?under the leadership of Mr. Qompers. Charges Against Courts Discussed. Dealing tentatively with the charges by strikers that the civil authorities and courts of western Pennsylvania were controlled by the steel compa nies against them, the report said: "The action in many cases has been i auch as to lead one side of this con- ] troversy to the belief that the officers of the law were acting on the side of the steel company. Such a situation Is unfortunate and helps to breed dis content. As long as officers are hu man beings they will make mistakes. They should be very careful that in maintaining the majesty and dignity of the law they do nothing to bring It Into disrespect." In regard to the suppression of pub lic msetlngs in the strike sones. the committee observed that "the sup pression of frank discussion only serves to accentuate a bad situation. Officials ought not to be permitted to prevent men from meeting to talk ! over their grievances and presenting ; to men their arguments in favor of 1 joining the union." PAYfliM: ?NGINEERS[S TOPIC Local International Union Members Decide Upon Re classification Plans. Federal and District of Columbia Stationary engineers employed in the government buildings, members of Local Union, No. 99, .of the Interna tional Union of Steam and Operating Stationary Engineers, held a confer ence last night In the boardroom of the District building to formulate plana for the reclassification and grading of the engineers in the va rious government activities where members of the organisation are em ploved and for fixing upon a wage ?cale that is to be submitted to the reclassification commission. This organisation has a membership ?f more than 200 skilled men filling every position under the federal and District of Columbia governments where power and heat are generated The conference last night was pre sided over by Harry Welsbrod, with Henry Denkark as secretary. Thomas H. Jones, general business agent of the organization was there In an ad visory capacity. After long delibera tion considering a report made by a special committee appointed for the ourpose of reaching some basis upon which to work, the following schedule was adopted: Engineers of the first class operat ing plants of 1.000 horse-power or over, the chief engineer to receive $".?00 as the minimum wage, with a 15 per cent Increase over that amount for the maximum salary. The Assistant engineer of this class to re ceive a minimum of 15 per cent less the salary of the chief engineer, with ? 7V? per cent Increase on that sal- i ary for the maximum. Salaries for Second Class. Engineers of the second class op- ? elating p'ants of J"0 horse-power up to l 000 horse-power a minimum sal ary of 13,000, with the maximum fixed at the rate of 15 per cent bated on the minimum salary. The assistant en tt'nser of this class to be paid a mini mum of $2,740, the maximum to be fixed on the basis of 7S per rent Engineers of the third class operat ing plants up to 300 horse-power a minimum salary of 00. with a 15 per cent increase as the basis of the maximum salary. In this class there is to be no assistant engineer. Watch engineers are to receive the minimum of 12,480. with 15 per cent as the basts for the maximum salary. These salaries are based upon the eight-hour day, with time and a half for overtime. At an early date there will be a joint conference of the members of I,oral No. 99 and Local No. 63 of the Stationary Firemen to formulate their wage scale plans TYPHUS IN SIBERIA. Bed Cross Workers Report Banger of Greatest of Epidemics. TOKIO, October 14 (Correspondence of the Associated Press).?Advices from Omsk say Siberia Is threatened ?with one of history's greatest typhus epidemics, according to reports re ceived from Col. R. S. Teusler and party of the American Red Cross workers, who have been In western Siberia for the last two weeks. The total cases among Siberian troops since January 1 of this year Is 120.000 Fresh cases are occurring at the rate of 1,000 dally. Princeton Scores 7 on Harvard. PRINCETON. N. J., November 8.? Princeton scored a touchdown in the first period at play In the foot ball game with Harvard today, and a kicked \ goal Score: Princeton. 7 ; Harvard, 0. PETTY PERSONAL POLITICS CAUSE STRIKEASSERTEO David Lawrence' Declares U. S. Agents Have Veri fied Hints. BY DAVID liAWRKXCE. Government agents have verified the theory so often hinted at since the coal strike began that, apart from the Just grievances and local conditions in the Industry producing dissatisfaction, there has been at the bottom of America 8 most acute industrial conflict of today | a campaign of petty personal politics, i What had happened in the coal In dustry is true of other Industries and i may occur in still other lines of pro duction unless the rank and file of ' labor sets the fatal course on which ' the radical leaders have embarked and i turn again to the conservatives for guid j ance. j Personal Ambition Causes Strike. For the projection of a coal strike, with Its untold damage and suffering, is nothing more or less than th conse quence of personal ambition on the part of a group of men inside the ranks of the United Mine Workers of America. These fact* have been proved to the satisfaction of the Department of Justice and are no small factor in the vigorous attitude of the government In insisting that a class of men shall not be permitted in America to take an action that affects the life and com fort of the rest of the nation. The presidency of the United Mine Workers of America is by analogy as much sought after by the local and district and state leaders of the or ganizations as is the presidency of the United States by men In Congress. But the tactics and the weapons are not the same. The ambitious leaders of the miners seixe upon the sources of dissatisfaction, no matter how Just or unjust, and make extravagant promises to the miners, claiming that if elected to office they will bring higher pay and shorter hours. Who ever Is most extreme In his promisee and carries with his argument a per suasive touch so that the miners come to believe he can do what he pledges Is likely to unseat the man already In office. White Resigns Office. It so happens that in the United Mine Workers of America John P. White was president when America entered the war. He was called to assist Fuel Administrator Garfield In Washington and resigned. Frank J. Hayes, tKen vice president, automat ically succeeded White. John L. Lewis, then secretary, was selected to become vice president. The same Lewis is at present the head of the coal strike and it was largely because of his anxiety to retain his position that the strike was called. Farrington Makes Demands. Mr. Hayes took sick and the duties of the presidency fell upon Mr. Lewis, as vice president. The ambitious in dividual who started the political .ball rolling was Frank Farrington. presi dent of the Illinois Miners' Associa tion. He began issuing circulars not especially directed at Mr. Hayes or his associate. Mr. Lewis, but fomenting a demand for wage increases and short er hours. Presently, by the methods of organUation 'and canvass so fa miliar to party politicians, petitions began to flow Into the miners' na tional headquarters from various parts of the country. ' ~ Hayes-Lewis Plalfornr." - Mr. Hayes became alarmed. He called a convention. In that conven tion, he thought the only expedient thing to do was to go Farrington one better. He out-radical ed the radicals. He presented a program for a six hour day, five-day'week and national ization of the coal mines that became the decision of the convention. Mr. Lewis Is credited with writing the report. It was the platform of Hayes and Lewis. The radicals pressed hard, feeling that Lewis, who in July be came president owing to the incapac ity of Hayes, would not be able to make good on his promises. Farring ton, in the meantime, who was behind the agitation, announced himself as a candidate for the presidency of the miners' union. Political sharpshoot lng began. Mr. Lewis made a report to the September convention, in which he outgeneraled his opponents by con necting up their various demands and presenting them in more attractive form. His report was adopted. Demands Impossible. The coal miners have the right of collective bargaining. But Impossible demands were presented by the lead ers Involving a tremendous increase not only in the cost of production, but in the eventual cost to the consumer of his coal. The average miner was anxious to get higher pay and shorten hours if he could. According to spell binders and leaders It was a simple thing. He had only to strike. The whole country would bow down and the government would surrender. Just now the length of the coal strike and the manner In which It is settled will be of as much educational value to the Individual miner as to labor as a whole. If the government wins, and the coal strike Is ended shortly, and the miners' leaders find themselves compelled to arbitrate the moot questions Involved, the power of the strike will appeal less to the Individual miner as con trasted with the power of peaceful negotiation with public opinion behind them In their demand for the correc tion of such grievances as are Just. The government Insists that the rank and file of the miners were mis led by ambitious leaders who did not dare to submit the question to a refer endum. It would not be surprising U the government during its fight in the courts made a point of the manner In which a few men have attempted to use the strike weapon to further their own personal Interests and ambitions to the detriment of the public. (CopyHfM. 1019.) TREATY VOTE IN BRAZIL. Chamber of Deputies, in Approval, Hears Praise of Mr. Wilson. RIO JANEIRO. Friday. November 7. ?The chamber of deputies this after noon approved the Versailles peace treaty without discussion or amend ment. The treaty now will go to the senate. Deputy Joaquin Ozorio praised the work of President Wilson at the peace conference, characterizing him as the world's leader of humy progress. Passes Grand Trunk Purchase Bill j OTTOWA. November 7.?The Grand Triyik railway purchase bill passed the senate last night with an amend ment submitted by the government t to provide a limit to the award by the board of arbitrators, which will determine the value of the stock. Be cause ol the amendment the bill will gn back to the commons. Japanese Women's Factory Plan. TOKIO. Japan, November 4.?Sada Yakko. a famous actress, plans to establish near Nagoya a silk factory to be managed and operated ex clusively by women. The capital Is to be 3.000.000 yen ($1,500,000). It Is the first Instance of such an establish ment here and significant of the in creased efficfehcv of Japanese women. ARRESTS ARE MADE I HERE in ROUND-UP FOR RED PLOTTING (Continued from First Page.) ernment and teaches the overthrow of government by force and violence. The organisation is said to have more than 7,000 members throughout the country and has been engaged in active propaganda against the United States government for many months. Leaders of the organization were ar rested in New York, Chicago, Pitts burgh. Philadelphia, Cleveland, De troit, Buffalo, Akron and Youngs t?wn, Ohio: Baltimore, Newark and Klizabeth, N. J.; Hartford. Ansonia, Bridgeport, New Haven and Htymour, Conn. Directed by Mr. Palmer. The raids were made at the direc tion of A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney General, with the co-operation of An thony Caminetti, commissioner of im migration. It is understood that all the prisoners were aliens and that, when the evidence against them is all in. Commissioner Caminetti will ask for the deportation of all those retained after last night's raid. This would mean, officials intimated today, an entire cleafc-up of the leaders of the dangerous radical element In the | United States. Evidence against those arrested was found by agents of the department, acting under William J. Flynn. chief of the bureau of Investigation. Articles Captured in Bald. i Among the articles captured in the raid was a complete outfit for making bombs, a counterfeiting plant, found | in the homes of two active members of the union of Russian workers; , thousands of leaflets preaching revo lutionary propaganda against the United States, and scores of red flags and firearms. In a statement Issued today by At torney General Palmer it was said that the Union of Russian Workers is even more radical than the bolshevikl. ?It was organized in 1907 by a group of eleven men, led by William Szatow at present chief of police at Petro grad," the statement said. "The pur pose of the society was to amalga mate all of the Russian groups In the lnt? one organization. W 1th the aid of newspapers and other propaganda the membership of the Union of Russian Workers grew un til at the present time Its membership is about 7,000 and its branches num ber more than 100,- located in the principal cities of the country. Locals for Spreading Doctrine. "The various. locals are organized ror the sole purpose of spreading the doctrine of the organization among the Russian immigrants working in the mines, shops, factories, logging camps and sawmills and other cen ters of labor and the propaganda is conducted by means of literature, newspapers and lectures. On January 10, 1919. the fifth convention of the Federation of Union of Russian Work ers of the United States and Canada was held in New York city, at which time extended plans were laid for the foundation of additional locals throughout the country and the ex tending of propaganda work through publication and agitators." Roman Mosichok, organizer of the union at Trenton, N. J., the state ment said, had the material for mak ing bombs in his room at 10? Pember ton street, when taken into custody. These articles Included gunpowder, copper and brass wire, electric bat teries. wax paper, etc. A counterfeit ing plant at Newark. N. J., was found to be an elaborate affair. It was found In the rooms of two of the active members of the union and a large sup uly of counterfeit bank notes was on hand. These men will have to face ad ditional charges. ? Purpose of Russian Union. The most Important convention of the Union of Russian Workers was held in Detroit In 1?14, the statement added, and delegates to tljis conven tion adopted resolutions which become a part of the^ constitution of the federation and which have not substantially changed since that time. The due books of members of the federation contain the following pre attbieof the constitution of the or ganization. which reveals the pur poses of the Union of Russian Work ers: "The present society is divided Into two opposing classes: The do^n? trodden workers and peasants, on the one side, producing by therir work all the riches of the world; the rich people, on the other side, who have grabbed all the riches into their hands. "Many a time the class of the oppressed stood up against the rich parasites and their faithful servant and protector?the government?to conquer its full liberation from the j yoke of capitalism and political power, but every time it suffered defeat, not being fully conscious of its final goal and means, by which victory can be accomplished, thus remaining only a weapon in the hands of its enemies. Advocates Violent Revolution. "The struggle between these two classes Is being fought also at the present time, am* will end only when the tolling masses, organized as a class, will understand their true in terest and will make themselves masters of all the riches of thiB world by means of a violent social revolution.. "Having accomplished such a change and having annihilated at the same time all the Institutions of govern ment and state, the class of the dis owned must establish the Society of ! Free Producers, aiming at satisfying the needs of every individual person who, on Its side. Is giving to the so ciety its labor and its knowledge. "For the attainment of these aims we consider as of the primal im portance the necessity of building up a wide revolutionary organisation of tollers which, by conducting a direct struggle with all the institutions of capitalism and government, must train the working class to initiative and an Independent action in all its acts, thus educating In It the consciousness of the absolute necessity of a general strike?of the social revolution " Department of Justloe officials de clared that in last night's raids they had found more forms of anarchlstlo propaganda, teaching the overthrow of government by foroe a.nd violence. than in any previous country-wide raid. Apparently, officials said, the Russian organization bids fair to sup plant some of th.e other radical group* to which more attention has been paid in the past. Ridding the country of all aliens participating in the spread of the doctrine against the government, as determined upon by the Department of Justice and the bureau of immigration, was believed in Washington today to be an ef fective means of stopping the growth of the Russian union. Mr. Palmer Speaks of Russians. Mr. Palmer's statement today said that the Union of Russian Workers be lieves in mass action, including armed action In time of national strife. Its principles, the statement said, do not favor the bolshevik form of govern ment. but they are willing to accept the support of any radical or group of men as an expedient for furthering their own needs. The conception of anarchism as adopt ed by the Union of Russian Workers Is the non-recognition of any form of gov ernment. Peter Blanki, who was a del egate of the Union of Russian Workers to the convention In New York In Jan uary. declared from the floor of the convention that "the Union of Russian Workers denied any form of power and government, because where government begins revolution ends and where there Is revolution there Is no form of gov ernment." Publication Is Violent. Following the suppression of Golos Truda by the Post Office Department the official organ of the union became the Khlieb y Volya (Bread and Free dom). which appeared first in Febru ^f._ thl? year' Thls publication, which has been particularly violent In Its attacks on organised government, has been denied the use of the in both Canada and the United States j$nd is issued from the headquarters of the union, 13? Kant IKth st!*yer, 7\Tew PROUD OF HER SON'S WAR RECORD. Field Marshal Viscount Allenby lias been appointed high commissioner for Efypt and the Soudan, and will shortly leave England to take up the duties of his new post. This photograph shows Lord Allenby chatting with his mother, at the latter** home, at Fellxtowe. York city. An extract from the Issue of Khlleb y Volya for August 28 shows the nature of its teachings: "Complete destruction of private control of natural resources and capi- 1 tal, complete destruction of power to ! rule, and the institutions Invested with powers to enforce rule of one man over another, those are the outstand ing features of social revolution." Movement Got Impetus in Chicago, Investigators in That City Now Believe By the Auoclsted Prest. ' CHICAGO, November 8.?More than two hundred alleged radicals were in custody in the Chicago district today, suspected of activity in planning a nation-wide celebration of the second anniversary of the establishment of the Russian soviet government. They were taken in a series of raids during the night by operatives of the federal Department of Justice in this city, Gary, and Indiana Harbor. Ind.; Milwaukee. Wis., and South Chicago. 111. Edward J. Brennan, Chicago division superintendent of the bureau of investi gation of the Department of Justice, who directed the raids, said his agents, as sisted by the Chicago police, worked quietly and that most of the prisoners taken were arrested at their homes, as were those at Gary, Milwaukee and other places. From circulars, pamphlets and let ters sent through the maiis and seized by the Department of Justice agents they decided that the movement for the celebration received Its impetus here. The circulars gave details of the proposed celebrations in various > parts of the country, operatives said, i and tended to show that they were distributed from Industrial Workers Of the World headquarters here. In addition to their efforts to check the radicals. It was indicated'the fed eral officials also were seeking per sons engaged In promoting a proposed German branch of the Industrial Workers of the World. Some of the circulars sent out were written in Oertrin and called attention to the campaign to forward a new branch I of the I. W. W., Starting in the east I and working westward. "Small Fry" of Movement. Mostly "small fry" were arrested in the raids In the Chicago district, some of the operatives said. It was rumored that national leaders of the I. W. W. had been arrested, but Mr. Brennan denied that William D. Hay wood, national secretary of the or ganization, was among the prisoners. Meetings for last night at half a dozen places In Chicago had been planned as part of the celebration, which was to last through today, but the raids stopped them. The officers working In Chicago used a fleet of tazicabs. As fast as the prisoners were questioned by Mr. Brennan, P. J. Rooney, his aid, and three Chicago city detectives, they were removed to outlying police stations, where they were held for further examination. Some of the prisoners were unable to speak English and Interpreters were provided. Information regard ing plans for a "reign of terror" in Chicago in connection with the cele bration was said to have been ob tained by a Department of Justice agent who ingratiated himself Into the radicals' councils. Circulars distributed called upon "brothers and sisters" to join the rtjovement. "Fellow workers, leave your children at home," advised the announcement of the meeting. Several alleged I. W. W. leaders came to Chicago from New York an nouncing themselves as "representa tives of the press committee, Der Klassenkampf, German propaganda branch, I. W. W." Balds Come as Surprise. NEW YORK. November 8?Fifty two radicals arrested In raids here faced deportation proceedings today. The raids, personally directed by Chief William J. Flynn, head of the bureau of Investigation of the Depart- | ment of Justice, came as a surprise to the SQO or more persons assembled in the Russian people's house in the lower East Side. A class was listen ing to what the police termed a radi cal lecture, but all the students has tened to Inform the officers they were "learning English." When the prisoners, -with several women among them, bad been herded together, it was found that many had received severe beatings. Several truckloads of radical litera ture were found in the building. Two Philadelphia Meetings. PHILADELPHIA. Pa.. November 8.? Thirty alleged radicals, including four women, taken in raids here last night by agents of the Department of Jus tice were awaiting hearings at the federal building today. The prisoners were taken Into custody at two meet ings in two widely separated sections of the city. Local police aided the federal agents In making the arrests. A quantity of literature also was seized. Both the government agents and po lice refused to give any information regarding the raids. They stated that under orders from Washington noth ing was to be given out. Individual Warrants. DETROIT. Mich., November 8. Be ginning with a raid on a mass meet ing last night, federal agents of the Department of Justice continued until early today bringing into headquar ters alleged radical agitators and disciples of "direct action." More than flfty were under detention this morn ing. some of them, officers stated, known to have been preaching "red" doctrines here for weeks. Deportation of these, It was said, will be recom mended. A score of department operatives came here from other cities to assist 4n the raids, which Included not only public meeting places, but homes, many of the prisoners being called out of bed. The majority of those arrested were taken at their homes on Individual warrants. Part of the Detroit squad was,sent to Jaekson, Mich; early last night. where they made six arrests, return ing here to assist in the round-up. Arthur G. Barkey, chief of the oper atives here, announced that other ar rests probably would be made today. Forty Arrested at Akron. AKRON. Ohio. November 8.?Depart ment of Justice operatives, led by W. H. Kage. special agent, arrested forty men here early today In raids on al leged radical and I. W. W. headquar ters. Forty Held in Connecticut. NEW HAVEN. Conn.. November 8.? Forty-one alleged radicals were held in zve Connecticut cities today as a result of raids by agents of the De partment of Justice. Most of them were found in their homes and ar rested on federal warrants. Twenty seven were arrested in Ansonla. and literature was seized at the headquar ters of leaders of last spring's walk outs in the brass mills. Six men were arrested in Waterbury, three in New Britain, two in Hartford and three in New Haven. Six Arrests in Baltimore. BALTIMORE. November 8.?Six ar rests of alleged radicals were made in Baltimore during last night by agents of the Department of Justice. The officers declined to give any in formation regarding the arrests, say ing that it must come from Wash ington. Reticence at Younggtown. YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio. November 8.? Agents of the Department of Justice who are reported to have made thirty one arrests in raids on alleged radi cals throughout the city last night declined today to give out any in formation regarding their activities. It is known that a number of prison ers are held in the county Jail, but the officials in charge would not di vuge the charges on which they are held or the number taken, saying that they had "strict instructions" from Washington to maintain silence for the present. In a raid on an alleged anarchist meeting here several weeks ago federal officers arrested 100 Rus sians. oearly all of whom were sub sequently released. Fifteen Arrested at Buffalo. BUFFALO. N. Y.. November 8.?Fif teen persons were arrested here early today by federal operatives in connec tion with the country-wide raid on radical and I. W. W. headquarters. Two of the prisoners were brought from Lackawanna. 'LOST NAVAL BBIGADE' FOUND Hundred Enlisted Men 'Discovered' Whose Records Have Been Mislaid. NEW YORK. November A "lost naval brigade." comprising 100 enlisted men in the Naval Aviation Corps, has been "discovered" by Wil liam P. Larkin. overseas director of the Knights of Columbus. They are stationed at Montauk Point. N. Y.. and because their service records have be come lost, it is said, they are being detained without hope of discharge until these documents can be located. According to Mr. Larkln's Informant the men are held "practically prison ers. and unable even to spend their pay." Mr. Larkin said that the Knights had "no record of the men," but later verified the report, and despatched a secretary with a load of cigarettes and candy, and now are taking steps to have the men liberated. Illinois Attorney Seeks to End Al leged Victimizing by Amal gamation. CHICAGO. November 8.?Subponeas for. sixty manufacturers of men's clothing alleged to have been victim ised by members of the Amalgamated Clothing Wor-ers of America, today were in the hands of deputies from the state attorney's office. Because of alleged threats a nunjber of manu facturers have refused to talk and the identity of those named In the sub poneas was withheld, said Nicholas Michels, assistant state attorney, in charge of the Investigation. Mr. Michels said since the headquar ters here of the union was raided two days ago and papers and books seized showing nearly 12,000.000 had been collected during the last two years from manufacturers as "penalties and fines" he has been followed by "strong arm" men apd once stood off an attack with a pistol. After the headquarters of the union was raided It was announced that the amount manufacturers had paid to have strikes called off or prevent them was $500,000, but, according to the as sistant state's attorney, further ex amination of the books and papers showed the total would be nearly four times that amount. The books showed payments were made by clothing firms to have strikes called In competitors' plants, Mr. Michels said, one such entry showed a payment of $800,000 to have wiped out a competing Arm, with other entries showing that that firm in turn suf fered by a strike paid for by a third concern. The original firm now Is said to be operating at 19 per cent of nor mal because of a strike. Mr. Michels asserted he would seek at least a dozen Indictments. Vote Return to International Union NEW YORK, November 8.?Mem bers of Local 51 of the Printers' Union voted last night to return to the In ternational organisation "In a body or not at all." The action was taken shortly before midnight, after a stormy meeting, which was attended by 2,000 of the union's 2,700 members. These men, with S,700 of four other locals, have been on "vacations," or individual strikes, not recognised by" the international body. FIRST RESERVATION UNDER DISCUSSION BY SENATE TODAY Consideration of Second Ex pected to Bring Debate on Article X. The first of the foreign relations committee reservations to the peace treaty was before the Senate today. Should the Senate dispose of the first reservation before adjournment con sideration of the second reservation, which deals with article ten of the treaty, will begin. The second reservation was expect ed to produce exhaustive debate, as article ten has been attacked severely by treaty opponents. Under the lead ership of Senators Borah. Idaho, and Johnson, California, both republicans, the so-called Irreconclllable group of opponents. It was said, will support a resolution which would make the sec ond reservation more stringent and likely cause breaks in the ranks of both republicans and democrats. The First Beservatlon. The first reservation on the calendar for action when the Senate convened follows: "Tho United States so understands and construes article I that in case of notice of withdrawal from the league of nations, as provided in said article, the United States shall be the sole Judge as to whether all Its international obli gations and all Its obligations under the said covenant have been fulfilled, and notice of the withdrawal of the United States may be given by a concurrent resolution of the Congress of the United States." Senator Thomas, democrat. Colorado, has pending a motion that the Senate strike out of the first reservation the last twenty-two words, "and notice of withdrawal by the United States may be given by a concurrent resolution of the Congress of the United States." Another Way to Withdraw. Senator Spencer of Missouri, repub lican. argued that the reservation merely provided another way for the United States to withdraw from the league. He said that the President, as the officer of the government in trusted with the diplomatic relations of the country, also could initiate a withdrawal without consulting Con gress. He said that the reservation as drafted allows Congress to act if the President should not do so. Senator Robinson of Arkansas and other democrats supported the , Thomas motion. Preamble to Beservatlons. The text of the committee reserva tions' preamble as adopted by the Sen ate yesterday afternoon follows : "The reservations and understand ings adopted by the Senate are to be made a part and condition of the res olution of ratification, which ratifica tion is not to take effect or bind the United States until the said reserva tions and understandings adopted by the Senate have been accepted by an exchange of notes as a part and con dition of said resolution of ratifica tion by at least three of the four principal allied and associated pow ers. to wit. Great Britain, France. Italy and Japan." The roll call on the preamble fol lows: v For Adoption. Republicans?Ball, Borah, Brande gee. Calder, Capper, Colt, Cummins, Curtis, Dillingham, Edge. Elkins. Pall. Fernald. France. Frellnghuysen. Gronna, Hale, Harding, Johnson of California, Jones of Wasbingon, Kei logg, Kenyon, Keyes. Knox, La Fol lette, Lenroot, Lodge, McCormick, McLean, McNary. Moses. Nelson. New, Newberry, Norris, Page, Phipps. Poin dexter, Sherman. Smoot, Spencer, Ster- ] ling, Townsend, Wadsworth and Wat son. Total. 45. Democrats?Gore, Reed and Walsh of Massachusetts. Total, 3. Total for adoption, 48. Ag-alnat Adoption. Republican?McCumber. Total, 1. Democrats ? Ashurst, Chamberlain. Culberson. Dial, Fletcher, Gay, Gerry Harris. Harrison, Henderson, Hitch cock. Johnson of South Dakota. Jones of New Mexico. Kendrick. King. Klr by. McKellar, Myers. Nugent. Over man. Owen. Phelan. Plttman. Pomer ene. Ransdell. Robinson. Sheppard Simmons, Smith of Arlsona. Smith of Geeorgla, Smith of Maryland. Smith of South Carolina. 8wanson. Thomas. Trammell, Underwood. Walsh of Mon tana. Williams and Wolcott. Total 39 Total against adoption, 40. Four Elements Claim Power. As a result of yesterday's develop ment four separate elements in the Senate were claiming to hold the bal ance of power, which ultimately would decide the treaty's fate. The democratto.Jeaders claimed It on the basis of their deadlock program, and the republican leaders on the strength of the united republican support of the committee. The claim of the mild reservatlonists was based on their determination to force acceptance of reservations just as they had forced rejection of amendments. The fourth element, the irreconcil ables, although not admitting they had any definite plan, pointed out that should they decline to support certain reservations in their present form they might secure their defeat and then kill the treaty on a vote for un reserved ratification. The senators of this group, following a conference last night, spent a busy day can vassing the possibilities of the situ ation and are said to have notified the republican managers that they In tended to make a vigorous fight for more drastic reservations on article X and one or two other provisions of the league covenant. Summary of Committee's Fourteen Reservations to the Pending Treaty The fourteen reservations proposed to the treaty by the committee on foreign relations are summarized as follows: 1. The United States shall be the sole Judge of fulfillment of its obli gations in notice of withdrawal from the league of nations, and notice of withdrawal shall be given by con current resolution of Congress. 2. The United States assumes no ob ligation to protect the territorial in tegrity or political independence of any country or Interfere In contro versies between nations unless Con 1 gress, by joint resolution, shall so provide. 3. No mandate shall be accepted by the United States except by the action of Congress. 4. The United States reserves the right to decide what questions are within its domestic Jurisdiction; de clares domestic questions to be solely within Its own Jurisdiction, and spe cifically prescribes Immigration, labor, ooastwlse traffic, the tariff and com merce as domestic questions. Monroe Doctrine Not Arbitrable, t. Declares ths Monroe doctrine to be wholly without the Jurisdiction of the leairue of nations and not sub ject to inquiry or arbitration. 6. The United States withholds Its assent to the Shantung provisions and reserves full liberty of action with respect to any controversy growing out of them. 7. Congress shall provide for and appoint all representatives of the 'United States on commissions set up under the covenant of the leacue. and nons othsr except persons so appoint ed shall represent the United States. 8. Interference with trade between Germany and the United States by the reparation commission shall oc?ir only with the sanction of Conn**. 9. Congms shall control all ex penses of United States commissions under the league of nations. 10. In case of agreement to limit armaments, the United States reserves the right to increase Its armament for defense or when engaged in war without consulting the council of the league. Provision Relating to Commerce. 11. The United States reserves the right to permit the nationals of a covenant-breaking state to continue trading with the nationals of this country. 12. Nothing In the covenant or the treaty shall be taken to approve any act otherwise Illegal or in contraven tion of the rights of citizens of the United States. 13. The United States declines to take an interest in or responsibility for disposition of the overseas pos sessions of Germany relinquished under the treaty. 14. The United States reserves the right to decide what questions affect Its honor or vital interests and re fuses to submit them to arbitration. LOADED COAL CARS INDICATE ACTIVITY j NEAR CUMBERLAND (Continued from First Pago.) was for $194.30. Other checks in the list, according to the affidavit, were for such sums as $299.42. $283.06, $284.41, $319.16. etc.. the highest being for $344.64. These amounts, according to the affidavit, were paid to men who had worked 136 hours In 27 working days in October, an average of Ave hours a day. the rest of the time being lost because of poor car supply. An affidavit signed by Thomas Tay lor. secretary of the Hartman Run Coal Company, showed one man on the company's pay roll made nearly $::.00o in September, October and No vember of last year. The figures for this miner were: September, first half, $338.40: second hair, $378.00; October, first half. $287.00; second half, $376.25; November, first half, $337.75; second half, $263.51; total for three months, $1,980.91. Other miners In the employ of this company did almost as well. Even loaders at the mines make good money. An affidavit signed by officials of the Winchester Coal Com pany shows that Morgan McDanlel, a loader, worked thirteen and a half eight-hour days the last half of last October, loading nearly 800 tons of coal, for which he was paid $209.91. Had McDanlel worked twenty-six working days at that ra.te he would have drawn $415.48 for the month. Other loaders made almost as much, according to figures In the affidavit. This Is one great big reason why the strike isn't popular with the busi ness men and the general publio up here?they know about what the min ers have been making, and they know there was no real reason for a strike, to say nothing of the arbitrary action of the miners' union In declaring peace regardless of senatorial delay In ratifying the peace treaty. Expect Loner Struggle. Everybody believes, however. It Is going to be a long struggle. Nobody expects the strike to be settled and the men to be back at work In a few days, or even in several weeks. Offi cials of the local unions already are talking about what the organization will be able to do "if the strike lasts six months." One reason for antici pating a long and stubborn straggle Is that by far the majority of the men working in the mines In this field are of Scotch. Welsh and English descent. "If you know anything about Scotchmen. Welshmen and English men." said a Frostburg storekeeper today, "you know how bullheaded they are and how they hang on." Displeasure and indignation is ex pressed by office.-1 and others at Dis trict No. 16 headquarters over the telegraph message from miners' head quarters in Indianapolis, announcing that no salaries or expense money or other funds will be forthcoming. The message made it plain that all district headquarters need look for no finan cial assistance and that they will have to get along the best way they can. No. 16 has opened headquarters In the Stag Hotel. Cumberland, and, aside from the regular district officers, quite a force of workers and two organ isers have been put to work, all of which, officers say. will likely be af fected by the "no money" message. F. O. H. GOVERNMENT WORKERS' PAY WILL BE DISCUSSED Scientific and Technical Section of -U. S. Employes' Union, No. 2, to Hold Meeting Monday. Just compensation for government employes, in a symposium discussing the principles underlying and fixing that major question, will be consider ed Monday evening at the New Na tional Museum, at a meeting called l under the auspices of the Scientific and Technical Section of Federal Em ployes' Union, No. 2. This is the first of a series of fall and winter meetings of this section, which includes in its membership more than 2,000 of the scientific spe cialists of the government depart ments and bureaus. Dr. R. H. True of the Department of Agriculture Is president of the section, and E. A. Eckhardt, bureau of standards, secre tary. The principal speakers who will ad dress the meeting are: Senator Irvine L. Lenroot of Wisconsin, Dr. E. A. Gol denweiser of the Federal Reserve Board and Basil Manly of the National War Labor Board. Senator Lenroot will dis cuss the. "Wage Problem in Industry" Dr. Ooldenweiser will talk on the "Prin ciples of Salary Determination in Public Service," and Mr. Manly will review the general aspects of the problem of j fixing just compensation for government employes. Following the addresses there will be a five-minute discussion from the floor. The members of the Joint con gressional commission on reclassification have been invited. WAR DRY LAW IN DOUBT. freaoral Judge's Opinion on Valid ity Is Given in New York. NEW YORK. November 8.?Doubt as to the validity of the war-time prohibition law was expressed- here today by Federal Judge Learned Hand. He voiced his opinion during argument on a motion to vacate an injunction classifying the Eastern Hotel as a "public nuisance" under the Volstead act. Where yoa ran enroll your self M ? member of the Red Cram for 1020, If the caavaasera have overlooked mi 1. Red Cross victory roll call campaign headquarters, 1719 H street. 2. Special enrollment head quarters, Wyatt building, 14th and F streets. 5. Headquarters of the T. W. C. A., 1388 F street. 4. National headquarters of the Red Cross, 17th street be tween D and E. Headquarters of the District of Columbia Chapter's uniformed corps, 1220 Connecticut avenue. 6. Prominent hotels, banks, department stores, markets, of fice buildings, public buildings, theaters, ete. Numbers 3 and 8, In the heart of the business district, will be found specially convenient. CONSECRATION RITE PUTS BETHLEHEM CHAPEJJNSERVICE First Part of Washington Ca thedral is Dedicated to Work of Church. Bethlehem Chapel of the Holy Na tivity, the first part of the Washing ton Cathedral to he completed, was consecrated today at a service attend ed by leaders of the Episcopal clergy and laity of the Washington diocese, Kt. Rev. Alfred Harding. Bishop of Washington, officiating. The prayer of King Solomon. first spoken at the consecration of the an cient temple in Jerusalem, gave the bishop his text for a sermon on the sacrifices and the holy ambitions rep resented by the completed chapel, which is a memorial to Rt. Rev. Henry Tates Satterlee, first Bishop of Wash ington. The consecration service fol lowed closely the simple ceremony laid down In the book of common prayer, and included appropriate musical numbers by the cathedral choir of male voices, prepared by Edgar Priest, choirmaster. Limited space in the chapel, which will be used only for smaller services when the cathedral la completed, pre vented the Invitation of out-of-town persons, and the room was completely filled at 11 o'clock, the hour at which the service began. Gives Instruments of Title. At the opening of the service Bishop Harding was met at the door of the chapel by three lay members of the cathedral chapter?Dr. W. C. Rivea. Charles C. Glover and Charles J. Bell ?and members of the local clergy. Repeating alternately the verses of one of the Psalms, the bishop and <flergy moved slowly up the aisle, and the bishop was seated behind the altar rail. Here he was presented with the Instruments of title by Dr. Rives, and after reading the purpose of the service invoked the divine bleseing on the chapel. Canon G. C. P. Bratenahl, dean of the cathedral, read the consecration sentence, which was then laid on the communion table. The order of morn ing prayer, the communion service, followed Immediately. Canon William L. De Vries, secretary of the cathedral chapter, officiated as master of cere monies at the service. Clergymen in Service. The morning prayer through the Psalter was read by Rev. Dr. Randolph H. McKim, rector of the Church of the Epiphany, while the Old and New Testament lessons were read by Rev. G. F. Dudley, rector of St. Stephen's, and Rev. Dr. Roland Cotton Smith, rector of St. John's, respectively. Canon Austin said the creed and prayers, Canon Walden Myer officiat ing as eplstoler; Canon Bratenahl, as gospeler, and Canon De Vries as server. The admlnistrants in addi tion to Bishop Harding, Dr. McKIm and Canon Bratenahl were Rev. Dr. H. S. Smith, Rev. J. W. Blake, rector of Christ Church, and Rev. Lewis R. Levering of La Plata. Md.. as representative of the country churches of the diocese. In beginning his Sermon Bishop Harding read King Solomon's prayer at the consecration of the temple, as given in the First Book of ChVonlcles: "Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the vic tory and the majesty; for all that Is in the heaven and the earth is Thin*: Thine is the kingdom. O L,ord. and Thou art exalted fta head above all." States Interest of Nation. "In the program of consecration as given in the book of common prayer." said Bishop Harding, "there Is no pro vision made for a sermon, and consid ering the deep significance of an oc casion like this there ordinarily would be no need for words. "But this is not an ordinary occa sion. for It marks the completion of the first part of a cathedral which will stand In the Capital City of the nation as a testimonial to Christ our King. This work is not alone for the Wash ington diocese, but it is hoped that men and women throughout the na tion will feel called to support the construction of this magnificent build ing." A large part of the sermon was given over to a review of the energy and devotion of Bishop Satterlee. who was characterized as "the practical founder" of Washington's cathedral, though when he came to this city part of the site already had been obtained. But it was In an inchoate condition and awaited the touch of a master mind, and the coming of Bishop Sat terlee was characterized as the provi dence of God. Spiritual Nature Shown. It was not alone in material ques tions that this first Bishop of Wash ington showed his zeal, said his suc cessor, for above all else he was "a man of prayers." The erection of the peace cross on Mount St. Alban's, the institution of open-air services, the transplanting to the Cathedral Close of a cutting from the famous Glastonbury thorn, the procurement for parts of the ca thedral of stones from the famous cathedrals of Europe and from the Holy Land, were all pointed to as indicative of the trend of fhe late bishop's spiritual nature and his rev erence for holy symbolism. "The crowning happiness of Bishop Satterlee's career was in 1907, when he laid the foundation stone of the cathedral." said Bishop Harding, "which is behind the chapel altar and beside which his remains now rest." The speaker paid high tribute to the gifts. Urge and small, not forget ting the pennies of the school chil dren and the necessarily limited gifts of the clergy, which had made the completion of the chapel a saertflcial offering to the memory of Bishop Satterlee. It was announced that the bodv of Bishop Clagett, first Episcopal bishop to be consecrated on American so'l. had been plafjd in the large vault under the center of the chapel floor. ? Bethelehem Chapel and the apsp of the main building in which it stands represent a total cost of $165,000. of which $36,001 has been spent for fur nishings. including the chaoel organ. No Indebtedness now stands against the building, contributions of $*?,000 received during last month having liquidated all obligations. The build lng Is of Indiana limestone and repre sents about one-fourteenth of the en tire structure which will eventually crown the heights above the city. WOMAN LIGHTKEEPER QUITS AFTER 25 YEARS BALTIMORE, Md.. November 8.?For twenty-five years, without being ab sent a day. a woman has been keeper of Turkey point lighthouse, and on next Saturday she is going to be re tired. Mrs. George S. Brumfleld Is her name and she is seventy years old. She and her mother before her have guarded the destinies, pf mari ners in the upper bay for fifty-eight years. INirkey point light la In Cecil county, fifteen miles from ElktoM. the nearest town. Baltimore Line to Orient. . BALTIMORE. November 8.?Under plans now being worked out by the shipping board in Washington, Balti more will get a direct line to China. Japan. Korea and other countries of the orient. In addition to the line to Germany that has already been al lowed. Nearly every other country on the map wilt receive good* direct (torn Baltimore.