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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 08, 1919, Image 2

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objection thereto the existence of
large numbers of non-Engltsh ?Pealf"
ins: workers In the mills who should
be given opportunity to become
"We believe that a large majority
of the men actually working In the
mills work ten and twelve hours a
day." the report said. "Men cannot
1 work ten and twelve hours a day and
attend classes in night schools. An
eight-hour day with a living wage
that will enable men to support their
families and bring up their children
according to the standards of Ameri
can life ought to be a cardinal part
of our Industrial policy, and the soon
er the principle is recognized the bet
ter It will be for the entire country."
Gary and Collective Bargaining.
Sketching briefly the history of the
steel strike, the report dealt with the
efforts of strike leaders to get Judge
E. H. Gary, chairman of the United
States Steel Corporation, into a con
ference far enough to point out that
committee members felt sympathy
with the principle of collective bar
gaining. but did not believe the steel
strikers had taken the right course.
"The representatives selected (for
bargaining) should be those who be
lieve In the principles of American
government." the report said on this
point. "Judge Wary could well have
objected to receiving a man with the
views of Mr. Foster. He did not put
bis refusal on that ground, but rather
put it on the ground that the men did
not represent the employes, though
himself conceding that 10 to 15 per
cent of the men In the mills were
probably unionized. It seems to us
that even this 10 or 15 per cent had
the right to select their own repre
sentatives and present their griev
ances, and that they should have been
Testimony before the committee, the
report said, sustained the contention
of the steel companies that a large
proportion of the strikers are for
eigners or non-English-speaking peo
? Asserts A. F. L. Hade Mistake.
Touching on the subject of radical
Ism in the strike, the report said:
"The committee Is of the opinion that
the American Federation of T^abor has
made a serious mistake and has lost
much favorable public opinion by per
mitting the leadership of this strike
movement to pass into the hands of
some who have heretofore entertained
the most radical and dangerous doc
"Such men." said the report, allud
ing to Foster and Margolis. "are dan
gerous to the country, and they are
dangerous to the cause of union
labor. It is unfair for men who may
be struggling for their rights to be
represented by such leaders. If Mr.
Foster has the real Interest of the
laboring man at heart he should re
move himself from any leadership. If
he will not remove himself from
leadership the American Federation
of Labor should purge itself of such
leadership in order to sustain the
confidence the country baa had In It
?under the leadership of Mr. Qompers.
Charges Against Courts Discussed.
Dealing tentatively with the charges
by strikers that the civil authorities
and courts of western Pennsylvania
were controlled by the steel compa
nies against them, the report said:
"The action in many cases has been i
auch as to lead one side of this con- ]
troversy to the belief that the officers
of the law were acting on the side of
the steel company. Such a situation
Is unfortunate and helps to breed dis
content. As long as officers are hu
man beings they will make mistakes.
They should be very careful that in
maintaining the majesty and dignity
of the law they do nothing to bring
It Into disrespect."
In regard to the suppression of pub
lic msetlngs in the strike sones. the
committee observed that "the sup
pression of frank discussion only
serves to accentuate a bad situation.
Officials ought not to be permitted to
prevent men from meeting to talk !
over their grievances and presenting ;
to men their arguments in favor of 1
joining the union."
Local International Union
Members Decide Upon Re
classification Plans.
Federal and District of Columbia
Stationary engineers employed in the
government buildings, members of
Local Union, No. 99, .of the Interna
tional Union of Steam and Operating
Stationary Engineers, held a confer
ence last night In the boardroom of
the District building to formulate
plana for the reclassification and
grading of the engineers in the va
rious government activities where
members of the organisation are em
ploved and for fixing upon a wage
?cale that is to be submitted to the
reclassification commission.
This organisation has a membership
?f more than 200 skilled men filling
every position under the federal and
District of Columbia governments
where power and heat are generated
The conference last night was pre
sided over by Harry Welsbrod, with
Henry Denkark as secretary. Thomas
H. Jones, general business agent of
the organization was there In an ad
visory capacity. After long delibera
tion considering a report made by a
special committee appointed for the
ourpose of reaching some basis upon
which to work, the following schedule
was adopted:
Engineers of the first class operat
ing plants of 1.000 horse-power or
over, the chief engineer to receive
$".?00 as the minimum wage, with a
15 per cent Increase over that
amount for the maximum salary. The
Assistant engineer of this class to re
ceive a minimum of 15 per cent less
the salary of the chief engineer, with
? 7V? per cent Increase on that sal- i
ary for the maximum.
Salaries for Second Class.
Engineers of the second class op- ?
elating p'ants of J"0 horse-power up
to l 000 horse-power a minimum sal
ary of 13,000, with the maximum fixed
at the rate of 15 per cent bated on the
minimum salary. The assistant en
tt'nser of this class to be paid a mini
mum of $2,740, the maximum to be
fixed on the basis of 7S per rent
Engineers of the third class operat
ing plants up to 300 horse-power a
minimum salary of 00. with a 15
per cent increase as the basis of the
maximum salary. In this class there is
to be no assistant engineer.
Watch engineers are to receive the
minimum of 12,480. with 15 per cent
as the basts for the maximum salary.
These salaries are based upon the
eight-hour day, with time and a half
for overtime.
At an early date there will be a
joint conference of the members of
I,oral No. 99 and Local No. 63 of the
Stationary Firemen to formulate
their wage scale plans
Bed Cross Workers Report Banger
of Greatest of Epidemics.
TOKIO, October 14 (Correspondence
of the Associated Press).?Advices
from Omsk say Siberia Is threatened
?with one of history's greatest typhus
epidemics, according to reports re
ceived from Col. R. S. Teusler and
party of the American Red Cross
workers, who have been In western
Siberia for the last two weeks.
The total cases among Siberian
troops since January 1 of this year Is
120.000 Fresh cases are occurring at
the rate of 1,000 dally.
Princeton Scores 7 on Harvard.
PRINCETON. N. J., November 8.?
Princeton scored a touchdown in the
first period at play In the foot ball
game with Harvard today, and a kicked
\ goal Score: Princeton. 7 ; Harvard, 0.
David Lawrence' Declares
U. S. Agents Have Veri
fied Hints.
Government agents have verified the
theory so often hinted at since the coal
strike began that, apart from the Just
grievances and local conditions in the
Industry producing dissatisfaction, there
has been at the bottom of America 8
most acute industrial conflict of today
| a campaign of petty personal politics,
i What had happened in the coal In
dustry is true of other Industries and
i may occur in still other lines of pro
duction unless the rank and file of
' labor sets the fatal course on which
' the radical leaders have embarked and
i turn again to the conservatives for guid
j ance.
j Personal Ambition Causes Strike.
For the projection of a coal strike,
with Its untold damage and suffering, is
nothing more or less than th conse
quence of personal ambition on the part
of a group of men inside the ranks of
the United Mine Workers of America.
These fact* have been proved to the
satisfaction of the Department of
Justice and are no small factor in the
vigorous attitude of the government
In insisting that a class of men shall
not be permitted in America to take
an action that affects the life and com
fort of the rest of the nation.
The presidency of the United Mine
Workers of America is by analogy as
much sought after by the local and
district and state leaders of the or
ganizations as is the presidency of
the United States by men In Congress.
But the tactics and the weapons are
not the same. The ambitious leaders
of the miners seixe upon the sources
of dissatisfaction, no matter how Just
or unjust, and make extravagant
promises to the miners, claiming that
if elected to office they will bring
higher pay and shorter hours. Who
ever Is most extreme In his promisee
and carries with his argument a per
suasive touch so that the miners come
to believe he can do what he pledges
Is likely to unseat the man already In
White Resigns Office.
It so happens that in the United
Mine Workers of America John P.
White was president when America
entered the war. He was called to
assist Fuel Administrator Garfield In
Washington and resigned. Frank J.
Hayes, tKen vice president, automat
ically succeeded White. John L.
Lewis, then secretary, was selected
to become vice president. The same
Lewis is at present the head of the
coal strike and it was largely because
of his anxiety to retain his position
that the strike was called.
Farrington Makes Demands.
Mr. Hayes took sick and the duties
of the presidency fell upon Mr. Lewis,
as vice president. The ambitious in
dividual who started the political .ball
rolling was Frank Farrington. presi
dent of the Illinois Miners' Associa
tion. He began issuing circulars not
especially directed at Mr. Hayes or his
associate. Mr. Lewis, but fomenting a
demand for wage increases and short
er hours. Presently, by the methods
of organUation 'and canvass so fa
miliar to party politicians, petitions
began to flow Into the miners' na
tional headquarters from various
parts of the country.
' ~ Hayes-Lewis Plalfornr." -
Mr. Hayes became alarmed. He
called a convention. In that conven
tion, he thought the only expedient
thing to do was to go Farrington one
better. He out-radical ed the radicals.
He presented a program for a six
hour day, five-day'week and national
ization of the coal mines that became
the decision of the convention. Mr.
Lewis Is credited with writing the
report. It was the platform of Hayes
and Lewis. The radicals pressed hard,
feeling that Lewis, who in July be
came president owing to the incapac
ity of Hayes, would not be able to
make good on his promises. Farring
ton, in the meantime, who was behind
the agitation, announced himself as
a candidate for the presidency of the
miners' union. Political sharpshoot
lng began. Mr. Lewis made a report
to the September convention, in which
he outgeneraled his opponents by con
necting up their various demands and
presenting them in more attractive
form. His report was adopted.
Demands Impossible.
The coal miners have the right of
collective bargaining. But Impossible
demands were presented by the lead
ers Involving a tremendous increase
not only in the cost of production, but
in the eventual cost to the consumer
of his coal. The average miner was
anxious to get higher pay and shorten
hours if he could. According to spell
binders and leaders It was a simple
thing. He had only to strike. The
whole country would bow down and
the government would surrender. Just
now the length of the coal strike and
the manner In which It is settled will
be of as much educational value to
the Individual miner as to labor as
a whole.
If the government wins, and the coal
strike Is ended shortly, and the miners'
leaders find themselves compelled to
arbitrate the moot questions Involved,
the power of the strike will appeal
less to the Individual miner as con
trasted with the power of peaceful
negotiation with public opinion behind
them In their demand for the correc
tion of such grievances as are Just.
The government Insists that the
rank and file of the miners were mis
led by ambitious leaders who did not
dare to submit the question to a refer
endum. It would not be surprising U
the government during its fight in the
courts made a point of the manner In
which a few men have attempted to
use the strike weapon to further their
own personal Interests and ambitions
to the detriment of the public.
(CopyHfM. 1019.)
Chamber of Deputies, in Approval,
Hears Praise of Mr. Wilson.
RIO JANEIRO. Friday. November 7.
?The chamber of deputies this after
noon approved the Versailles peace
treaty without discussion or amend
ment. The treaty now will go to the
Deputy Joaquin Ozorio praised the
work of President Wilson at the peace
conference, characterizing him as the
world's leader of humy progress.
Passes Grand Trunk Purchase Bill j
OTTOWA. November 7.?The Grand
Triyik railway purchase bill passed
the senate last night with an amend
ment submitted by the government t
to provide a limit to the award by
the board of arbitrators, which will
determine the value of the stock. Be
cause ol the amendment the bill will
gn back to the commons.
Japanese Women's Factory Plan.
TOKIO. Japan, November 4.?Sada
Yakko. a famous actress, plans to
establish near Nagoya a silk factory
to be managed and operated ex
clusively by women. The capital Is to
be 3.000.000 yen ($1,500,000). It Is the
first Instance of such an establish
ment here and significant of the in
creased efficfehcv of Japanese women.
(Continued from First Page.)
ernment and teaches the overthrow of
government by force and violence.
The organisation is said to have
more than 7,000 members throughout
the country and has been engaged in
active propaganda against the United
States government for many months.
Leaders of the organization were ar
rested in New York, Chicago, Pitts
burgh. Philadelphia, Cleveland, De
troit, Buffalo, Akron and Youngs
t?wn, Ohio: Baltimore, Newark and
Klizabeth, N. J.; Hartford. Ansonia,
Bridgeport, New Haven and Htymour,
Directed by Mr. Palmer.
The raids were made at the direc
tion of A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney
General, with the co-operation of An
thony Caminetti, commissioner of im
migration. It is understood that all
the prisoners were aliens and that,
when the evidence against them is
all in. Commissioner Caminetti will
ask for the deportation of all those
retained after last night's raid. This
would mean, officials intimated today,
an entire cleafc-up of the leaders of
the dangerous radical element In the
| United States.
Evidence against those arrested was
found by agents of the department,
acting under William J. Flynn. chief
of the bureau of Investigation.
Articles Captured in Bald.
i Among the articles captured in the
raid was a complete outfit for making
bombs, a counterfeiting plant, found
| in the homes of two active members
of the union of Russian workers;
, thousands of leaflets preaching revo
lutionary propaganda against the
United States, and scores of red flags
and firearms.
In a statement Issued today by At
torney General Palmer it was said
that the Union of Russian Workers is
even more radical than the bolshevikl.
?It was organized in 1907 by a group
of eleven men, led by William Szatow
at present chief of police at Petro
grad," the statement said. "The pur
pose of the society was to amalga
mate all of the Russian groups In the
lnt? one organization.
W 1th the aid of newspapers and other
propaganda the membership of the
Union of Russian Workers grew un
til at the present time Its membership
is about 7,000 and its branches num
ber more than 100,- located in the
principal cities of the country.
Locals for Spreading Doctrine.
"The various. locals are organized
ror the sole purpose of spreading the
doctrine of the organization among
the Russian immigrants working in
the mines, shops, factories, logging
camps and sawmills and other cen
ters of labor and the propaganda is
conducted by means of literature,
newspapers and lectures. On January
10, 1919. the fifth convention of the
Federation of Union of Russian Work
ers of the United States and Canada
was held in New York city, at which
time extended plans were laid for the
foundation of additional locals
throughout the country and the ex
tending of propaganda work through
publication and agitators."
Roman Mosichok, organizer of the
union at Trenton, N. J., the state
ment said, had the material for mak
ing bombs in his room at 10? Pember
ton street, when taken into custody.
These articles Included gunpowder,
copper and brass wire, electric bat
teries. wax paper, etc. A counterfeit
ing plant at Newark. N. J., was found
to be an elaborate affair. It was found
In the rooms of two of the active
members of the union and a large sup
uly of counterfeit bank notes was on
hand. These men will have to face ad
ditional charges. ?
Purpose of Russian Union.
The most Important convention of
the Union of Russian Workers was
held in Detroit In 1?14, the statement
added, and delegates to tljis conven
tion adopted resolutions which
become a part of the^ constitution of
the federation and which have not
substantially changed since that time.
The due books of members of the
federation contain the following pre
attbieof the constitution of the or
ganization. which reveals the pur
poses of the Union of Russian Work
"The present society is divided Into
two opposing classes: The do^n?
trodden workers and peasants, on the
one side, producing by therir work all
the riches of the world; the rich
people, on the other side, who have
grabbed all the riches into their
"Many a time the class of the
oppressed stood up against the rich
parasites and their faithful servant
and protector?the government?to
conquer its full liberation from the j
yoke of capitalism and political power,
but every time it suffered defeat, not
being fully conscious of its final goal
and means, by which victory can be
accomplished, thus remaining only a
weapon in the hands of its enemies.
Advocates Violent Revolution.
"The struggle between these two
classes Is being fought also at the
present time, am* will end only when
the tolling masses, organized as a
class, will understand their true in
terest and will make themselves
masters of all the riches of thiB
world by means of a violent social
"Having accomplished such a change
and having annihilated at the same
time all the Institutions of govern
ment and state, the class of the dis
owned must establish the Society of !
Free Producers, aiming at satisfying
the needs of every individual person
who, on Its side. Is giving to the so
ciety its labor and its knowledge.
"For the attainment of these aims
we consider as of the primal im
portance the necessity of building up
a wide revolutionary organisation of
tollers which, by conducting a direct
struggle with all the institutions of
capitalism and government, must train
the working class to initiative and an
Independent action in all its acts, thus
educating In It the consciousness of
the absolute necessity of a general
strike?of the social revolution "
Department of Justloe officials de
clared that in last night's raids they
had found more forms of anarchlstlo
propaganda, teaching the overthrow
of government by foroe a.nd violence.
than in any previous country-wide
raid. Apparently, officials said, the
Russian organization bids fair to sup
plant some of th.e other radical
group* to which more attention has
been paid in the past. Ridding the
country of all aliens participating in
the spread of the doctrine against
the government, as determined upon by
the Department of Justice and the
bureau of immigration, was believed
in Washington today to be an ef
fective means of stopping the growth
of the Russian union.
Mr. Palmer Speaks of Russians.
Mr. Palmer's statement today said
that the Union of Russian Workers be
lieves in mass action, including armed
action In time of national strife. Its
principles, the statement said, do not
favor the bolshevik form of govern
ment. but they are willing to accept
the support of any radical or group
of men as an expedient for furthering
their own needs.
The conception of anarchism as adopt
ed by the Union of Russian Workers Is
the non-recognition of any form of gov
ernment. Peter Blanki, who was a del
egate of the Union of Russian Workers
to the convention In New York In Jan
uary. declared from the floor of the
convention that "the Union of Russian
Workers denied any form of power and
government, because where government
begins revolution ends and where there
Is revolution there Is no form of gov
Publication Is Violent.
Following the suppression of Golos
Truda by the Post Office Department
the official organ of the union became
the Khlieb y Volya (Bread and Free
dom). which appeared first in Febru
^f._ thl? year' Thls publication,
which has been particularly violent In
Its attacks on organised government,
has been denied the use of the
in both Canada and the United States
j$nd is issued from the headquarters
of the union, 13? Kant IKth st!*yer, 7\Tew
Field Marshal Viscount Allenby lias been appointed high commissioner
for Efypt and the Soudan, and will shortly leave England to take up the
duties of his new post. This photograph shows Lord Allenby chatting with
his mother, at the latter** home, at Fellxtowe.
York city. An extract from the Issue
of Khlleb y Volya for August 28 shows
the nature of its teachings:
"Complete destruction of private
control of natural resources and capi- 1
tal, complete destruction of power to !
rule, and the institutions Invested with
powers to enforce rule of one man
over another, those are the outstand
ing features of social revolution."
Movement Got Impetus
in Chicago, Investigators
in That City Now Believe
By the Auoclsted Prest.
' CHICAGO, November 8.?More than
two hundred alleged radicals were in
custody in the Chicago district today,
suspected of activity in planning a
nation-wide celebration of the second
anniversary of the establishment of
the Russian soviet government.
They were taken in a series of raids
during the night by operatives of the
federal Department of Justice in this
city, Gary, and Indiana Harbor. Ind.;
Milwaukee. Wis., and South Chicago.
Edward J. Brennan, Chicago division
superintendent of the bureau of investi
gation of the Department of Justice, who
directed the raids, said his agents, as
sisted by the Chicago police, worked
quietly and that most of the prisoners
taken were arrested at their homes, as
were those at Gary, Milwaukee and
other places.
From circulars, pamphlets and let
ters sent through the maiis and seized
by the Department of Justice agents
they decided that the movement for
the celebration received Its impetus
here. The circulars gave details of
the proposed celebrations in various >
parts of the country, operatives said, i
and tended to show that they were
distributed from Industrial Workers
Of the World headquarters here.
In addition to their efforts to check
the radicals. It was indicated'the fed
eral officials also were seeking per
sons engaged In promoting a proposed
German branch of the Industrial
Workers of the World. Some of the
circulars sent out were written in
Oertrin and called attention to the
campaign to forward a new branch
I of the I. W. W., Starting in the east
I and working westward.
"Small Fry" of Movement.
Mostly "small fry" were arrested
in the raids In the Chicago district,
some of the operatives said. It was
rumored that national leaders of the
I. W. W. had been arrested, but Mr.
Brennan denied that William D. Hay
wood, national secretary of the or
ganization, was among the prisoners.
Meetings for last night at half a
dozen places In Chicago had been
planned as part of the celebration,
which was to last through today, but
the raids stopped them.
The officers working In Chicago
used a fleet of tazicabs. As fast as
the prisoners were questioned by Mr.
Brennan, P. J. Rooney, his aid, and
three Chicago city detectives, they
were removed to outlying police
stations, where they were held for
further examination.
Some of the prisoners were unable
to speak English and Interpreters
were provided. Information regard
ing plans for a "reign of terror" in
Chicago in connection with the cele
bration was said to have been ob
tained by a Department of Justice
agent who ingratiated himself Into
the radicals' councils.
Circulars distributed called upon
"brothers and sisters" to join the
rtjovement. "Fellow workers, leave
your children at home," advised the
announcement of the meeting.
Several alleged I. W. W. leaders
came to Chicago from New York an
nouncing themselves as "representa
tives of the press committee, Der
Klassenkampf, German propaganda
branch, I. W. W."
Balds Come as Surprise.
NEW YORK. November 8?Fifty
two radicals arrested In raids here
faced deportation proceedings today.
The raids, personally directed by
Chief William J. Flynn, head of the
bureau of Investigation of the Depart- |
ment of Justice, came as a surprise to
the SQO or more persons assembled in
the Russian people's house in the
lower East Side. A class was listen
ing to what the police termed a radi
cal lecture, but all the students has
tened to Inform the officers they were
"learning English."
When the prisoners, -with several
women among them, bad been herded
together, it was found that many
had received severe beatings.
Several truckloads of radical litera
ture were found in the building.
Two Philadelphia Meetings.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa.. November 8.?
Thirty alleged radicals, including four
women, taken in raids here last night
by agents of the Department of Jus
tice were awaiting hearings at the
federal building today. The prisoners
were taken Into custody at two meet
ings in two widely separated sections
of the city. Local police aided the
federal agents In making the arrests.
A quantity of literature also was
Both the government agents and po
lice refused to give any information
regarding the raids. They stated that
under orders from Washington noth
ing was to be given out.
Individual Warrants.
DETROIT. Mich., November 8. Be
ginning with a raid on a mass meet
ing last night, federal agents of the
Department of Justice continued until
early today bringing into headquar
ters alleged radical agitators and
disciples of "direct action." More than
flfty were under detention this morn
ing. some of them, officers stated,
known to have been preaching "red"
doctrines here for weeks. Deportation
of these, It was said, will be recom
A score of department operatives
came here from other cities to assist
4n the raids, which Included not only
public meeting places, but homes,
many of the prisoners being called out
of bed.
The majority of those arrested were
taken at their homes on Individual
Part of the Detroit squad was,sent
to Jaekson, Mich; early last night.
where they made six arrests, return
ing here to assist in the round-up.
Arthur G. Barkey, chief of the oper
atives here, announced that other ar
rests probably would be made today.
Forty Arrested at Akron.
AKRON. Ohio. November 8.?Depart
ment of Justice operatives, led by W.
H. Kage. special agent, arrested forty
men here early today In raids on al
leged radical and I. W. W. headquar
Forty Held in Connecticut.
NEW HAVEN. Conn.. November 8.?
Forty-one alleged radicals were held
in zve Connecticut cities today as a
result of raids by agents of the De
partment of Justice. Most of them
were found in their homes and ar
rested on federal warrants. Twenty
seven were arrested in Ansonla. and
literature was seized at the headquar
ters of leaders of last spring's walk
outs in the brass mills. Six men were
arrested in Waterbury, three in New
Britain, two in Hartford and three in
New Haven.
Six Arrests in Baltimore.
BALTIMORE. November 8.?Six ar
rests of alleged radicals were made
in Baltimore during last night by
agents of the Department of Justice.
The officers declined to give any in
formation regarding the arrests, say
ing that it must come from Wash
Reticence at Younggtown.
YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio. November 8.?
Agents of the Department of Justice
who are reported to have made thirty
one arrests in raids on alleged radi
cals throughout the city last night
declined today to give out any in
formation regarding their activities.
It is known that a number of prison
ers are held in the county Jail, but
the officials in charge would not di
vuge the charges on which they are
held or the number taken, saying that
they had "strict instructions" from
Washington to maintain silence for
the present. In a raid on an alleged
anarchist meeting here several weeks
ago federal officers arrested 100 Rus
sians. oearly all of whom were sub
sequently released.
Fifteen Arrested at Buffalo.
BUFFALO. N. Y.. November 8.?Fif
teen persons were arrested here early
today by federal operatives in connec
tion with the country-wide raid on
radical and I. W. W. headquarters.
Two of the prisoners were brought
from Lackawanna.
Hundred Enlisted Men 'Discovered'
Whose Records Have Been Mislaid.
NEW YORK. November A
"lost naval brigade." comprising 100
enlisted men in the Naval Aviation
Corps, has been "discovered" by Wil
liam P. Larkin. overseas director of
the Knights of Columbus. They are
stationed at Montauk Point. N. Y.. and
because their service records have be
come lost, it is said, they are being
detained without hope of discharge
until these documents can be located.
According to Mr. Larkln's Informant
the men are held "practically prison
ers. and unable even to spend their
Mr. Larkin said that the Knights
had "no record of the men," but later
verified the report, and despatched a
secretary with a load of cigarettes
and candy, and now are taking steps
to have the men liberated.
Illinois Attorney Seeks to End Al
leged Victimizing by Amal
CHICAGO. November 8.?Subponeas
for. sixty manufacturers of men's
clothing alleged to have been victim
ised by members of the Amalgamated
Clothing Wor-ers of America, today
were in the hands of deputies from
the state attorney's office. Because of
alleged threats a nunjber of manu
facturers have refused to talk and the
identity of those named In the sub
poneas was withheld, said Nicholas
Michels, assistant state attorney, in
charge of the Investigation.
Mr. Michels said since the headquar
ters here of the union was raided two
days ago and papers and books seized
showing nearly 12,000.000 had been
collected during the last two years
from manufacturers as "penalties
and fines" he has been followed by
"strong arm" men apd once stood off
an attack with a pistol.
After the headquarters of the union
was raided It was announced that the
amount manufacturers had paid to
have strikes called off or prevent them
was $500,000, but, according to the as
sistant state's attorney, further ex
amination of the books and papers
showed the total would be nearly four
times that amount.
The books showed payments were
made by clothing firms to have strikes
called In competitors' plants, Mr.
Michels said, one such entry showed a
payment of $800,000 to have wiped out
a competing Arm, with other entries
showing that that firm in turn suf
fered by a strike paid for by a third
concern. The original firm now Is said
to be operating at 19 per cent of nor
mal because of a strike. Mr. Michels
asserted he would seek at least a
dozen Indictments.
Vote Return to International Union
NEW YORK, November 8.?Mem
bers of Local 51 of the Printers' Union
voted last night to return to the In
ternational organisation "In a body
or not at all." The action was taken
shortly before midnight, after a
stormy meeting, which was attended
by 2,000 of the union's 2,700 members.
These men, with S,700 of four other
locals, have been on "vacations," or
individual strikes, not recognised by"
the international body.
Consideration of Second Ex
pected to Bring Debate
on Article X.
The first of the foreign relations
committee reservations to the peace
treaty was before the Senate today.
Should the Senate dispose of the first
reservation before adjournment con
sideration of the second reservation,
which deals with article ten of the
treaty, will begin.
The second reservation was expect
ed to produce exhaustive debate, as
article ten has been attacked severely
by treaty opponents. Under the lead
ership of Senators Borah. Idaho, and
Johnson, California, both republicans,
the so-called Irreconclllable group of
opponents. It was said, will support a
resolution which would make the sec
ond reservation more stringent and
likely cause breaks in the ranks of
both republicans and democrats.
The First Beservatlon.
The first reservation on the calendar
for action when the Senate convened
"Tho United States so understands
and construes article I that in case of
notice of withdrawal from the league
of nations, as provided in said article,
the United States shall be the sole Judge
as to whether all Its international obli
gations and all Its obligations under the
said covenant have been fulfilled, and
notice of the withdrawal of the United
States may be given by a concurrent
resolution of the Congress of the United
Senator Thomas, democrat. Colorado,
has pending a motion that the Senate
strike out of the first reservation the
last twenty-two words, "and notice of
withdrawal by the United States may
be given by a concurrent resolution of
the Congress of the United States."
Another Way to Withdraw.
Senator Spencer of Missouri, repub
lican. argued that the reservation
merely provided another way for the
United States to withdraw from the
league. He said that the President,
as the officer of the government in
trusted with the diplomatic relations
of the country, also could initiate a
withdrawal without consulting Con
gress. He said that the reservation as
drafted allows Congress to act if the
President should not do so.
Senator Robinson of Arkansas and
other democrats supported the
, Thomas motion.
Preamble to Beservatlons.
The text of the committee reserva
tions' preamble as adopted by the Sen
ate yesterday afternoon follows :
"The reservations and understand
ings adopted by the Senate are to be
made a part and condition of the res
olution of ratification, which ratifica
tion is not to take effect or bind the
United States until the said reserva
tions and understandings adopted by
the Senate have been accepted by an
exchange of notes as a part and con
dition of said resolution of ratifica
tion by at least three of the four
principal allied and associated pow
ers. to wit. Great Britain, France.
Italy and Japan."
The roll call on the preamble fol
v For Adoption.
Republicans?Ball, Borah, Brande
gee. Calder, Capper, Colt, Cummins,
Curtis, Dillingham, Edge. Elkins.
Pall. Fernald. France. Frellnghuysen.
Gronna, Hale, Harding, Johnson of
California, Jones of Wasbingon, Kei
logg, Kenyon, Keyes. Knox, La Fol
lette, Lenroot, Lodge, McCormick,
McLean, McNary. Moses. Nelson. New,
Newberry, Norris, Page, Phipps. Poin
dexter, Sherman. Smoot, Spencer, Ster- ]
ling, Townsend, Wadsworth and Wat
son. Total. 45.
Democrats?Gore, Reed and Walsh
of Massachusetts. Total, 3.
Total for adoption, 48.
Ag-alnat Adoption.
Republican?McCumber. Total, 1.
Democrats ? Ashurst, Chamberlain.
Culberson. Dial, Fletcher, Gay, Gerry
Harris. Harrison, Henderson, Hitch
cock. Johnson of South Dakota. Jones
of New Mexico. Kendrick. King. Klr
by. McKellar, Myers. Nugent. Over
man. Owen. Phelan. Plttman. Pomer
ene. Ransdell. Robinson. Sheppard
Simmons, Smith of Arlsona. Smith of
Geeorgla, Smith of Maryland. Smith
of South Carolina. 8wanson. Thomas.
Trammell, Underwood. Walsh of Mon
tana. Williams and Wolcott. Total 39
Total against adoption, 40.
Four Elements Claim Power.
As a result of yesterday's develop
ment four separate elements in the
Senate were claiming to hold the bal
ance of power, which ultimately
would decide the treaty's fate. The
democratto.Jeaders claimed It on the
basis of their deadlock program, and
the republican leaders on the strength
of the united republican support of
the committee. The claim of the mild
reservatlonists was based on their
determination to force acceptance of
reservations just as they had forced
rejection of amendments.
The fourth element, the irreconcil
ables, although not admitting they
had any definite plan, pointed out that
should they decline to support certain
reservations in their present form
they might secure their defeat and
then kill the treaty on a vote for un
reserved ratification. The senators of
this group, following a conference
last night, spent a busy day can
vassing the possibilities of the situ
ation and are said to have notified
the republican managers that they In
tended to make a vigorous fight for
more drastic reservations on article
X and one or two other provisions of
the league covenant.
Summary of Committee's
Fourteen Reservations
to the Pending Treaty
The fourteen reservations proposed
to the treaty by the committee on
foreign relations are summarized as
1. The United States shall be the
sole Judge of fulfillment of its obli
gations in notice of withdrawal from
the league of nations, and notice of
withdrawal shall be given by con
current resolution of Congress.
2. The United States assumes no ob
ligation to protect the territorial in
tegrity or political independence of
any country or Interfere In contro
versies between nations unless Con
1 gress, by joint resolution, shall so
3. No mandate shall be accepted by
the United States except by the action
of Congress.
4. The United States reserves the
right to decide what questions are
within its domestic Jurisdiction; de
clares domestic questions to be solely
within Its own Jurisdiction, and spe
cifically prescribes Immigration, labor,
ooastwlse traffic, the tariff and com
merce as domestic questions.
Monroe Doctrine Not Arbitrable,
t. Declares ths Monroe doctrine to
be wholly without the Jurisdiction of
the leairue of nations and not sub
ject to inquiry or arbitration.
6. The United States withholds Its
assent to the Shantung provisions and
reserves full liberty of action with
respect to any controversy growing
out of them.
7. Congress shall provide for and
appoint all representatives of the
'United States on commissions set up
under the covenant of the leacue. and
nons othsr except persons so appoint
ed shall represent the United States.
8. Interference with trade between
Germany and the United States by the
reparation commission shall oc?ir
only with the sanction of Conn**.
9. Congms shall control all ex
penses of United States commissions
under the league of nations.
10. In case of agreement to limit
armaments, the United States reserves
the right to increase Its armament
for defense or when engaged in war
without consulting the council of the
Provision Relating to Commerce.
11. The United States reserves the
right to permit the nationals of a
covenant-breaking state to continue
trading with the nationals of this
12. Nothing In the covenant or the
treaty shall be taken to approve any
act otherwise Illegal or in contraven
tion of the rights of citizens of the
United States.
13. The United States declines to
take an interest in or responsibility
for disposition of the overseas pos
sessions of Germany relinquished
under the treaty.
14. The United States reserves the
right to decide what questions affect
Its honor or vital interests and re
fuses to submit them to arbitration.
(Continued from First Pago.)
was for $194.30. Other checks in the
list, according to the affidavit, were
for such sums as $299.42. $283.06,
$284.41, $319.16. etc.. the highest being
for $344.64.
These amounts, according to the
affidavit, were paid to men who had
worked 136 hours In 27 working days
in October, an average of Ave hours a
day. the rest of the time being lost
because of poor car supply.
An affidavit signed by Thomas Tay
lor. secretary of the Hartman Run
Coal Company, showed one man on
the company's pay roll made nearly
$::.00o in September, October and No
vember of last year. The figures for
this miner were: September, first half,
$338.40: second hair, $378.00; October,
first half. $287.00; second half, $376.25;
November, first half, $337.75; second
half, $263.51; total for three months,
$1,980.91. Other miners In the employ
of this company did almost as well.
Even loaders at the mines make
good money. An affidavit signed by
officials of the Winchester Coal Com
pany shows that Morgan McDanlel, a
loader, worked thirteen and a half
eight-hour days the last half of last
October, loading nearly 800 tons of
coal, for which he was paid $209.91.
Had McDanlel worked twenty-six
working days at that ra.te he would
have drawn $415.48 for the month.
Other loaders made almost as much,
according to figures In the affidavit.
This Is one great big reason why
the strike isn't popular with the busi
ness men and the general publio up
here?they know about what the min
ers have been making, and they know
there was no real reason for a strike,
to say nothing of the arbitrary action
of the miners' union In declaring
peace regardless of senatorial delay
In ratifying the peace treaty.
Expect Loner Struggle.
Everybody believes, however. It Is
going to be a long struggle. Nobody
expects the strike to be settled and
the men to be back at work In a few
days, or even in several weeks. Offi
cials of the local unions already are
talking about what the organization
will be able to do "if the strike lasts
six months." One reason for antici
pating a long and stubborn straggle
Is that by far the majority of the men
working in the mines In this field are
of Scotch. Welsh and English descent.
"If you know anything about
Scotchmen. Welshmen and English
men." said a Frostburg storekeeper
today, "you know how bullheaded
they are and how they hang on."
Displeasure and indignation is ex
pressed by office.-1 and others at Dis
trict No. 16 headquarters over the
telegraph message from miners' head
quarters in Indianapolis, announcing
that no salaries or expense money or
other funds will be forthcoming. The
message made it plain that all district
headquarters need look for no finan
cial assistance and that they will
have to get along the best way they
No. 16 has opened headquarters In
the Stag Hotel. Cumberland, and, aside
from the regular district officers, quite
a force of workers and two organ
isers have been put to work, all of
which, officers say. will likely be af
fected by the "no money" message.
F. O. H.
Scientific and Technical Section of
-U. S. Employes' Union, No. 2, to
Hold Meeting Monday.
Just compensation for government
employes, in a symposium discussing
the principles underlying and fixing
that major question, will be consider
ed Monday evening at the New Na
tional Museum, at a meeting called
l under the auspices of the Scientific
and Technical Section of Federal Em
ployes' Union, No. 2.
This is the first of a series of fall
and winter meetings of this section,
which includes in its membership
more than 2,000 of the scientific spe
cialists of the government depart
ments and bureaus. Dr. R. H. True
of the Department of Agriculture Is
president of the section, and E. A.
Eckhardt, bureau of standards, secre
The principal speakers who will ad
dress the meeting are: Senator Irvine
L. Lenroot of Wisconsin, Dr. E. A. Gol
denweiser of the Federal Reserve Board
and Basil Manly of the National War
Labor Board. Senator Lenroot will dis
cuss the. "Wage Problem in Industry"
Dr. Ooldenweiser will talk on the "Prin
ciples of Salary Determination in Public
Service," and Mr. Manly will review
the general aspects of the problem of j
fixing just compensation for government
Following the addresses there will
be a five-minute discussion from the
floor. The members of the Joint con
gressional commission on reclassification
have been invited.
freaoral Judge's Opinion on Valid
ity Is Given in New York.
NEW YORK. November 8.?Doubt
as to the validity of the war-time
prohibition law was expressed- here
today by Federal Judge Learned
Hand. He voiced his opinion during
argument on a motion to vacate an
injunction classifying the Eastern
Hotel as a "public nuisance" under
the Volstead act.
Where yoa ran enroll your
self M ? member of the Red
Cram for 1020, If the caavaasera
have overlooked mi
1. Red Cross victory roll call
campaign headquarters, 1719 H
2. Special enrollment head
quarters, Wyatt building, 14th
and F streets.
5. Headquarters of the T. W.
C. A., 1388 F street.
4. National headquarters of
the Red Cross, 17th street be
tween D and E.
Headquarters of the District of
Columbia Chapter's uniformed
corps, 1220 Connecticut avenue.
6. Prominent hotels, banks,
department stores, markets, of
fice buildings, public buildings,
theaters, ete.
Numbers 3 and 8, In the heart
of the business district, will be
found specially convenient.
First Part of Washington Ca
thedral is Dedicated to
Work of Church.
Bethlehem Chapel of the Holy Na
tivity, the first part of the Washing
ton Cathedral to he completed, was
consecrated today at a service attend
ed by leaders of the Episcopal clergy
and laity of the Washington diocese,
Kt. Rev. Alfred Harding. Bishop of
Washington, officiating.
The prayer of King Solomon. first
spoken at the consecration of the an
cient temple in Jerusalem, gave the
bishop his text for a sermon on the
sacrifices and the holy ambitions rep
resented by the completed chapel,
which is a memorial to Rt. Rev. Henry
Tates Satterlee, first Bishop of Wash
ington. The consecration service fol
lowed closely the simple ceremony laid
down In the book of common prayer,
and included appropriate musical
numbers by the cathedral choir of
male voices, prepared by Edgar Priest,
Limited space in the chapel, which
will be used only for smaller services
when the cathedral la completed, pre
vented the Invitation of out-of-town
persons, and the room was completely
filled at 11 o'clock, the hour at which
the service began.
Gives Instruments of Title.
At the opening of the service Bishop
Harding was met at the door of the
chapel by three lay members of the
cathedral chapter?Dr. W. C. Rivea.
Charles C. Glover and Charles J. Bell
?and members of the local clergy.
Repeating alternately the verses of
one of the Psalms, the bishop and
<flergy moved slowly up the aisle, and
the bishop was seated behind the
altar rail. Here he was presented
with the Instruments of title by Dr.
Rives, and after reading the purpose
of the service invoked the divine
bleseing on the chapel.
Canon G. C. P. Bratenahl, dean of
the cathedral, read the consecration
sentence, which was then laid on the
communion table. The order of morn
ing prayer, the communion service,
followed Immediately. Canon William
L. De Vries, secretary of the cathedral
chapter, officiated as master of cere
monies at the service.
Clergymen in Service.
The morning prayer through the
Psalter was read by Rev. Dr. Randolph
H. McKim, rector of the Church of
the Epiphany, while the Old and New
Testament lessons were read by Rev.
G. F. Dudley, rector of St. Stephen's,
and Rev. Dr. Roland Cotton Smith,
rector of St. John's, respectively.
Canon Austin said the creed and
prayers, Canon Walden Myer officiat
ing as eplstoler; Canon Bratenahl, as
gospeler, and Canon De Vries as
server. The admlnistrants in addi
tion to Bishop Harding, Dr. McKIm
and Canon Bratenahl were Rev.
Dr. H. S. Smith, Rev. J. W. Blake,
rector of Christ Church, and Rev.
Lewis R. Levering of La Plata. Md..
as representative of the country
churches of the diocese.
In beginning his Sermon Bishop
Harding read King Solomon's prayer
at the consecration of the temple, as
given in the First Book of ChVonlcles:
"Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and
the power, and the glory, and the vic
tory and the majesty; for all that Is
in the heaven and the earth is Thin*:
Thine is the kingdom. O L,ord. and
Thou art exalted fta head above all."
States Interest of Nation.
"In the program of consecration as
given in the book of common prayer."
said Bishop Harding, "there Is no pro
vision made for a sermon, and consid
ering the deep significance of an oc
casion like this there ordinarily would
be no need for words.
"But this is not an ordinary occa
sion. for It marks the completion of
the first part of a cathedral which will
stand In the Capital City of the nation
as a testimonial to Christ our King.
This work is not alone for the Wash
ington diocese, but it is hoped that
men and women throughout the na
tion will feel called to support the
construction of this magnificent build
A large part of the sermon was
given over to a review of the energy
and devotion of Bishop Satterlee. who
was characterized as "the practical
founder" of Washington's cathedral,
though when he came to this city part
of the site already had been obtained.
But it was In an inchoate condition
and awaited the touch of a master
mind, and the coming of Bishop Sat
terlee was characterized as the provi
dence of God.
Spiritual Nature Shown.
It was not alone in material ques
tions that this first Bishop of Wash
ington showed his zeal, said his suc
cessor, for above all else he was "a
man of prayers."
The erection of the peace cross on
Mount St. Alban's, the institution of
open-air services, the transplanting
to the Cathedral Close of a cutting
from the famous Glastonbury thorn,
the procurement for parts of the ca
thedral of stones from the famous
cathedrals of Europe and from the
Holy Land, were all pointed to as
indicative of the trend of fhe late
bishop's spiritual nature and his rev
erence for holy symbolism.
"The crowning happiness of Bishop
Satterlee's career was in 1907, when
he laid the foundation stone of the
cathedral." said Bishop Harding,
"which is behind the chapel altar and
beside which his remains now rest."
The speaker paid high tribute to
the gifts. Urge and small, not forget
ting the pennies of the school chil
dren and the necessarily limited gifts
of the clergy, which had made the
completion of the chapel a saertflcial
offering to the memory of Bishop
It was announced that the bodv of
Bishop Clagett, first Episcopal bishop
to be consecrated on American so'l.
had been plafjd in the large vault
under the center of the chapel floor. ?
Bethelehem Chapel and the apsp of
the main building in which it stands
represent a total cost of $165,000. of
which $36,001 has been spent for fur
nishings. including the chaoel organ.
No Indebtedness now stands against
the building, contributions of $*?,000
received during last month having
liquidated all obligations. The build
lng Is of Indiana limestone and repre
sents about one-fourteenth of the en
tire structure which will eventually
crown the heights above the city.
BALTIMORE, Md.. November 8.?For
twenty-five years, without being ab
sent a day. a woman has been keeper
of Turkey point lighthouse, and on
next Saturday she is going to be re
tired. Mrs. George S. Brumfleld Is
her name and she is seventy years
old. She and her mother before her
have guarded the destinies, pf mari
ners in the upper bay for fifty-eight
years. INirkey point light la In Cecil
county, fifteen miles from ElktoM. the
nearest town.
Baltimore Line to Orient. .
BALTIMORE. November 8.?Under
plans now being worked out by the
shipping board in Washington, Balti
more will get a direct line to China.
Japan. Korea and other countries of
the orient. In addition to the line to
Germany that has already been al
lowed. Nearly every other country
on the map wilt receive good* direct
(torn Baltimore.

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