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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 09, 1919, Image 1

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Fair today; tomorrow probably rain;
little change in temperature. Tem
peratures yesterday: Highest, 63, at
3 p.m.; lowest, 42, at S p.m.
Full report see page ??.
Full report on pago 3.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associate* Fress Is exclusively entitled to
the use for republication of all news dispatches
credited to it er not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news published herein.
All rights of publication of ? special
dispatches herein are ah?o reserved.
No. 763-No. 27,591.
Follow Only Course
Left to Them by
Federal Court.
Order Calling Off Tie
Up Must Be Given by
6 P.M. Tuesday.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., November S.
Union leaders were tonight Pursuing
the only course left open to them by
the strict wording of Judge A. B. An
derson^ edict today ordering a cancel
lation of the coal strike by 6 o clock
next Tuesday night, when they sum
moned all of the district presidents of
the union, members of the executive
loard of the United Mine Workers and
the central competitive field scale com
mittee to meet here Monday to draw up
a cancellation of the strike.
Thev could have moved only toward
cndinc the walkout, as the federal dis
trict court's order was so construed that
failure to end the strike would make
them subject to prosecution. Judge An
<U rson emphasized that any failure to
bring a lialt to the strike or any affirma
tive word or action tending to "aid or
a.b>*t" the continuance of the strike would
render them as violators and in con
tempt of court.
Violation of War-Time Act.
Judge Anderson upheld the theory
of the Attorney General's department
that cessation of mine operations was
in violation of the war-time food and
fuel control act. He maintained that
the strike was not only illegal, but
that under the circumstances it ap- j
proached rebellion. The strike started j
at midnight of October 31 aid since
that time 400,000 miners have been
Mle. ,
Union officials here would not cora
Bient upon the court action.
"Not a word," said John L. Lewis,
acting president of the big organisa
tion, and his coileagucs were even less
communicative. A shake of the head,
sometimes accompanied by a grim
smile, was as far as they wished to
go toward indicating what they thought
of the situation.
C. B. Ames, assistant attorney gen
eral, w-ho conducted the case for the
government, also smiled, but more
cheerfully than the union men, when
asked for comment, and said:
Fought Losing Fight From Start.
-The decision speaks for itself.''
Attorneys for the union fought a
losing fight from the start of the pro
ceedings. First they moved postpone
ment for a week, indicating that
there was a chance for settlement of
the strike by that time. Mr. Ames
objected to postponement and the
court ordered the case to proceed.
Then the government introduced
five affidavits as evidence that the
operation of the railroads was being
interfered with and that contracts
between employers and miners had
been broken. The defense responded
with its motion for dissolution of the
restraining order and arguments fol
Although allowed an hour and a
half, Judge Ames took only thirty
five minutes in presenting the gov
ernment case. He based his argument
upon President Wilson's denunciation
of the strike and said that the struc
ture of the government was endan
gered by the defendants' violations of
the fuel control law.
From that point the proceedings
were hurried by Judge Anderson, who
gmve the attorneys for the defense
little opportunity to go into legal
points which they tried to get into the
record. He upheld in every particular
the contentions of the government
that the strike was illegal under the
I*vcr food and fuel act. and said that
the upholding of this act was the only
question before the court.
At one stage he indicated that the
right to strike was not applicable to
the case, because none of the defend
ants to the proceedings was earning
hi* living by working as a miner, but
he allowed the argument to proceed
on the theory that the union officials
were proper agents of the miners,
earning out orders given by their
Uphold Lever Act.
Almost Immediately however, the
court threw the discussion back to the
war-time powers of the fuel and food
control law and advised the defense
attorneys not to waste time by argu
ing other questions. Judge Anderson
next stifled this line of debate also by
announcing flatly that he was going
to hold the Lever act constitutional
and in efTect until the President of
the United States formally decrees the
end of the war.
"This case," he said in issuing the
Injunction," involves solely the ques
tion of enforcing the law. It Is my
?fewol'ite duty to uphold the law which
ut? man and no body of men has
Whc n*Tit to override. Were we to
aomtt to even the slightest degree a
contrary right, we would undermine
the foundations of the republic.
"The government is right in seeking
to uphold its own laws and in asking
its courts to aid it. These men have
done an iUegal act tront which irrep
arable injury results to the complain
The injunction, prepared by the At
" (Continued oaFlfth Pace.)
ST. I.OI-'IS, November 8.?The
mine owners -will reopen negotia
tion with the striken na soon an
the men return to work and con
tinue working; pending final settle
ment of differences, Thomas T.
Brenster, chairman of the coal
operators' scale committee, in
* nounced tonight.
Mr. Brewster said he expected
, production of bituminous coal to
; .Jff resumed shortly, as he "???
numed" the court order issued to
I day at Indianapolis would be com
| plied with. 1
Believed at Cumberland End
Is Near Despite Assertions
by Miners' Leaders. I
(A sUff correspondent of The Star wis senti
O Investigate the conditions in the Western !
Maryland coal field,, because Washington re- '
reives a Iarfe proportion of its supply ?(
bituminous from that region.)
I rom a 8taff Correspondent.
a ^L^BE>RLAN'd. Md-. November 8 ?
All the heart went out of the miners
strike in this district today when
news of Judge Andersons order di
recting recall of the strike order was
received here. Officials of district No.
1? maintained a brave front, but many
| the miners themselves, as well as
representatives of the?operators, rail
be^f?^^'S ,and mf'rchant3' "-^Pressed
j ? strik0 Trln be ended
and the mines open again within a
Union Secretary's Statement.
Secretary Trickett of district No
16 in the absence of other district offi
cials-of the United Mine Workers of
?VJudre ^aierson's order will have
Lew T ?r" the C?a! strik'" Resident
Lewis has no authority to recall the
strike order, and I do not believe he
Trrti I a?' he l?romu>B?ed the
der he was merely carrying out the
orders of the convention.
"Only th. union itseif can rpcan th
strike order. If President Lewis- does
attempt to recall the order I do rot!
tion'to h ? Tn WIU Pa>' an>" atte""i
stand hi! b,e.cause they will under
stand his action was taken under!
duress, i do not believe the men will'
go back to work, court order or no
havp' ordcr' ""til their just demands
granted- Th* ^rike is not
o\er vet.
Believed Older Men Will Control.
w!lhltbe,belier ?thers 'awiUari
with the situation in this field, how
now' m ?! ?,der me" of the uni?n
now will take hold and no longer
lea*e the directing of affairs in the
hands of the younger and more rad
ical element. It is certain that the
?der heads have not at any time
given whole-hearted support to tho
strike, but rather have expressed the1
belief that a strike at this time was 1
not the best way to gain the desired
ends. These members, however, were!
overruled, and the result, so far as
this district is concerned, has been to
aid in precipitating an industrial!
struggle in which the miners find i
public sentiment arrayed solidly >
against thepi; find the conservatives'
in their own ranks only half-hearted1
in their support; find the government'
and the federal court their active op- '
ponents, and, worst of all, find their
defense fund tied up so tightly that
not a dollar of strike benefits can be
Production Figures.
Coal production figures for fields
adjacent to this immediate section
showed another increase for Friday.
The Baltimore and Ohio railroad, ac
cording to report of division head
quarters here to the railroad admin
istration, loaded 1,199 cars of coal at
the mines in the Somerset, Fairmont,
Morgantown, Kingwood, Boswell and
other fields in the twenty-four hours
ended Friday midnight. This was
ninety-eight cars more than the
Thursday report. The total for the
first five days of the strike was 5,5lo
Today the Consolidation Coal Com
pany installed powerful searchlights
on the tops of buildings at its work- I
ings and on hills overlooking its 1
mines. Officials of the company said
no trouble was anticipated, but that
! it was deemed advisable to take all
; proper precautions. I
j Clarence M. Ciearhart of the traln
> master's office, Baltimore and Ohio di
| vision headquarters, today was made
j regional fuel director in charge of al
locations coal to essential industries and
for domestic use in this district He
will have charge of the distribution of
I coal mined along the Baltimore and
Ohio and Western Maryland railroads
or transported over their lines.
About S00 cars of coal were added
to the number on Baltimore and Ohio
j sidings near here today. These cars arc
iln the yards just west of here, which
i are rapidly filling up with loaded coal
j cars. |
J The Consolidation Coal Company late
? today begat* moving strings of empties
to the sidings at its big mines between
here and Frostburg. Local representa
tives of the company had no explana
tion to make of the move except to say
that the cars would be on hand if they
??riy Met week. F. O. H. I
Belief Here That
Mines Will Open
By Thursday.
Organized Labor Sur
prised by Outcome
of Hearing.
Labor leaders in Washington re
fused last night to comment on the
order of Federal Judge Anderson, is
sued yesterday in Indianapolis to of- !
ficials of the miners' union, direct- i
ing that they rescind the strike order, j
but several of them believe the strik- |
ing miners will be back at work not
later than next Thursday.
The outcome of the hearing in
Judge Anderson's court was admitted- !
ly a surprise to the men who repre
sent organized labor in the National
Capital, but they accepted the situa
tion in the same spirit that marked
the attitude of the union officials in
President Samuel Gompers of the
American Federation of Labor, and
others interested in the outcome of
the strike, discussed the court order
informally last night, but had nothing
to say to newspaper men who pressed
them for some expression of opinion.
Many of them had believed that the
strike would be settled out of court!
but none would express disappoint
ment at the turn affairs had taken. !
No Desire to Fight Government.
The statement by officers of the
United Mine Workers in Indianapolis
that they had no desire to fight the
government was accepted generally
as the feeling and attitude of the
men. "*
Department of Justice officials said
last night they believed the officers
of the miners' organization who call
ed the strike would formally issue the
cancellation notice at tljeir meeting
at Indianapolis Tomorrow Homing.
Announcement by counsel for tlie
miners that Acting President Lewis I
unquestionably would abide by the
court's order indicated to labor lead
ers here that the men would return
to work when Lewis directed.
Reports from the mining regions
showed little or no change in the gen
eral situation, although operators
claimed considerable improvement in
some states, particularly Alabama and
West Virginia. All government agencies
charged with the duty of protecting the
public and seeing that coal reached
points in need of it went forward with
their plans without regard to court de
Miners Worked to Last.
The weekly summary iasued yester
day by the geological survey showed
that the miners had worked steadily
up to the hour of the strike, and that
the production for the five days im
mediately preceding the walkout was
almost the capacity output, being the
greatest tonnage ever mined in this i
country in a similar period of time, j
After the strike, however, production .
dropped so low that an unseasonable '
cold wave would have cut deeply into j
the reserve supply and caused much i
idleness and suffering.
As a result of the coal (situation the
railroad administration last night is
sued a revised order under which for
eign-owned ships may receive permits
for bunkering in American ports if
their cargo does not include coal. Such
permitB, however, will be only for suf
ficient coal to carry the vessel to its
next bunkering station.
Officials said freight was accumulat
ing rapidly at tidewater ports, threat
ening congestion at railroad termi
nals, while at several golf ports
wheat receipts for export have been
heavy and the elevatprs are at ca
pacity. This must be moved, it was
said, in order that the vast stocks of
wheat still in the grain-producing
areas may be transported to markets.
Complete discontinuance of bunker
ing of foreign ships might be re
newed, it was said, when the threat
ened congestion was cleared up.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, November S.?Milo I)
Campbell of Coldwater, Mich., chair
man of the national board of farm
organizations, and president of the
N'ational Milk Producers' Association
today sent a letter to Samuel Gom
P?rs, president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, in which he ex
presses the opinion that the organ
izations which he represents should
decline to send delegates to the con
ference of organized labor to be held in
Washington, D. C., December 13.
The farmers' organizations* were in- j
vited by President Gompers to send '
representatives to the labor confer i
ence. utr*
He declares himself in favor of '
principles of the open shop and cri
icises organized labor for permitting
radicals to participate in the manaee*
moiit of its affairs. manage
Orders Interned Austrians Home.
PARIS, November 7. (French Wire
less Service). The supreme council
has ordered that Austro-Hungarian
prisoners of war now interned in Eng
land are to be Immediately return?*
to their native homes! 7 turnod j
I To Be Met Tomorrow at Canadian Border by
Secretary Lansing, Who Will Accompany
Him to Washington,
The Prince of Wales will arrive in
Washington at noon Tuesday on a
special train from the Canadian bor
der. the State Department announced
last night.
His arrival will be coincident with
the community sings which are to be
i held in all parts of the National .ap
I ital Tuesday in observance of Armis
tice day. . ,
The royal party will be accompanied
to Washington by Secretary of State
Lansing, who will leave here this
afternoon to meet th* princo when Ue
crosses the border Into the United
States at ftonpes Point tomorrow.
The route which the prince and his
party will take from Union station to
the Perry Belmont home, 161S New
Hampshire avenue, was announced as
Down Delaware avenue to the cap
itoV grounds, in front of the Capitol,
around the south side down the hi 1
in the Capitol grounds to Pennsyl
vania avenue, along Pennsylvania
avenue to 13th street, up loth street
to Pennsylvania avenue to the south
east corner of Laftyette Square, along
east side of Lafayette Square to H
street, turn left to 16th street, up
Accused by Conservative
Press of Patterning After
Russian Bolsheviki.
c.Ue to The Star md >>w York
Br World. <opyrl*ht. 1?1?)
PARIS. November 8.?Socialists are
trying to establish a red guard in
France, the effort comes at a moment
when all the non-socialists, including
many radicals, are preparing to vote
for a national bloc and for Premier
Clemenceau's program because of fear
that bolshevik tendencies may unify the
L'Humanite is pressing an appeal for
the establishment of a "legion popu
lace," ostensibly to help maintain order
at political meetings, whereupon the
conservative press is drawing a parallel
between such an organization and the
Russian red guard. Le Temps says the
proposal is a first step toward civil war.
"Political parties," continues that
newspaper, "with ordinary means for
action at command, must not be per
mitted to arrogate to themselves the
right to use violence to impose polit
ical or social conceptions."
"Those who propose the legion
populace." says the Echo de Paris,
?have violent purpose, however
plausibly they may appear They
would take pattern from Russia. Let
us not forget that a repetition of
what happened in Russia is the dream
of all socialist leaders.
Comments of the conservative press
Ve Justified in the sense that the bol
sheviks began to develop by similar
foxy means the red guard in Russia.
Immediately after the revolution,
when there seemed no prospect of
counter revolution, they began to arm
workmen and to set up the red guard
i in the factories, with the excuse that
the step was necessary as protection
* gainst counter revolution. As soon
JT the red guard became strong
ceough the bolsheviki used it to seize
the power. The move of the French
socialists has the same appearance.
! Would Prohibit Paper Export.
Exportation of print paper would be
nrohlbited under a bill introduced yes
terday by Representative Christopher
son, republican. South Dakota. Pen
*Jty for violations of the law would
be *10,000, or ten years' Imprisonment. |
! lfith street to Scott Circle, along
j Massachusetts avenue to Dupont
i Circle, and along New Hampshire
! avenue to the Belmont residence, 1618
Xc-w Hampshire avenue.
The first event In Washington will
! be a formal dinner which Vice
1 President Marshall will give in honor
' of his highness.
Wednesday morning the prince will
I go on a sightseeing tour of the city.
] In the evening he will dine informally
j wivJi Secretary of St^? l&neing
j the !atter'sbarme. the dmtsor trf. be
-followed bv a recaption bv '"Vie
i President at the Library of Congress,,
; to which- members of the House and
Senat*) will be invited to greet the
royal visitor.
' On Thursday afternoon the prince
will motor to the tomb of George
Washington, at Mo.unt Vernon, ac
companied by the Vice President and
the Secretary of State. That evening
he will be the guest at a dinner at
the British embassy, which will be
followed by a small reception. On Fri
day the heir to the throne of Great
Britain will visit the United States
Naval Academy, at Annapolis.
Chicago Attorney Makes
Statement in $2,000,000
| Alleged Extortion Case.
i JSt ihr Associated Press. j
CHICAGO, November 8.?Assistant |
! State's Attorney Nicholas Michels,
i who has charge of the investigation of
i charges that officials of the Amalga
mated Clothing Workers of America |
j have obtained $2,000,000 from clothing |
i manufacturers in Chicago and other !
i cities by means of extortion in set
' tling strikes, announced today letters |
i had been seized which indicate that
; when agents of the organization were
j arrested in Cincinnati and arraigned
before Judge Bobert Buckwalter at
torneys were engaged to represent the
defendants who were said to be backed
by powerful political influence and to
be on-friendly terms with the jurist.
Copies of the correspohdenee will be j
sent to Judge Buckwalter in Cincin- I
nati for his information and such use !
as he desires to make of them. The
union agents, it is said, were arrested I
for throwing pepper at non-union '
workers during a strike.
"The letters show that the union's j
lawyers were engaged because they |
Were supposed ot have influence with
the judge in Cincinnati," said Mr. i
'.Michels. "Seventy-five thousand dol-!
1 lars worth of liberty bonds were sent
by the Chicago officials of the union
to be used as bonds in the Cincinnati
cases. The names of New York law- j
yers also are mentioned in the letters |
which I will send to Judge Buck
waiter." i
Prosecutor Michels said today that |
a large red flag was found in the
headquarters of the union in Chicago
when the rooms were raided last
Thursday. Sixty clothing firms who
have been compelled to pay tribute
to the union officials will be sum
moned as witnesses by the state when
the case is presented to the grand
jury next week, according to Mr.'
Michels. Twelve officials of the union
are said by the prosecutor to be in
volved in the charges.
PONTA DEL GADA, Azores, Novem- ,
ber 8.?The King and Queen of the
Belgians arrived here this afternoon.
After a brief visit on the islands
they will resume their veyaye.
Crusade to Prevent Spread
of Radicalism Continues in
Cities of Country.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, November 8.?Raids
were made in Manhattan. Brooklyn
and the Bronx tonight upon alleged
Shortly before midnight there ?were
500 prisoners in custody. It was said
that every investigating agency of
the United' States had been erdered
o co-operate "with Bepartmeai of jus
tice agents in the crusade to euro the
spread of radicalism.
About 200 prisoners were taken in
a raid upon a hall in 5th street, made
by agents of the Department of Jus
tice. under Chief William J. Flynn.
The Department of Justice men were
aided by members of the New Tork
police "bomb squad."
The prisoners, whom the police de
scribed as "reds," were taken to po
lice headquarters. A meeting was in
progress when the "round-up" was
j Celebration a Failure.
j New York radicals made no at
i tempt today _ to hold their widely ad
vertised meeting in Rutgers Square
in celebration of the second anniver
sary of the establishment of the soviet
government in Russia. At the hour
set for the meeting a few groups
gathered in the square, but they were
apparently mostly inspired by curi
osity and offered no objections when
I dispersed by the police.
As a sequel to the raids made last j
night b\ federal and city. detectives
acting in conjunction with the police
in other cities, ilfty-six alien? were
| taken to Ellis Island today pending
| deportation proceedings.
I All are said to be members of the
Federated Union of Russian Workers
of the United States and Canada.
Among the documents seized in the j
raids was one setting out the aims
of this federation. These included
the "organization of all' Russian
workers in the United States and
Canada for joint struggle with capi
tal for power; support of the move
jinent for liberation in Russia; support
of .revolutionary steps taken by the
workers of America."
Assassination and Destruction.
I CHICAGO, November 8.?Assassina
tion of public officials and destruction
of public and private property were
openly advocated in literature of the
Union of Russian Workers, which was
made the object of federal raids with
hundreds of arrests last night and to
day, the local investigation disclosed.
In Chicago 185 persons were ques
tioned, but many were released and
the actual number held was 50.
Although fifteen deportation war
rants already have been issued by the
local immigration bureau, criminal
I prosecution against some of those ar
rested has been planned. Criminal
actions could be based on transporta
tion of anarchistic literature by mail i
and express, according to Edward J. !
Brennan, chief of the local bureau of
Three branches of the union had
been organized in Chicago, it was
learned. Steven Wasilevesky was the
local secretary.
Wasilevesky and others were taken
in a raid last night at a meeting of
the communist labor party, according
to - Mr. Brennan. Wasilevesky was
declared to have been selling litera
ture of the union at the time. The
literature, it was said, had been
printed in the office of Bread and
Freedom, the official organ of the ;
union in New York.
Arrests in Connecticut.
BRIDGEPORT, Conn., November 8. j
?Sixty alleged radicals were arrested
here tonight in raids by agents of the
Department of Justice, aided by local
police. Most of the prisoners were
taken la boarding houses on the East
Side and Were brought to-city court
chambers to be examined.
Br the Aseooltted Prw?.
MIAMI. Fla.. November 8.?
Maj. W. r. Smith, an ex-service
man. was inaugurated mayor of
this city on Thursday of this
week. This afternoon lie was
honored by the voluntary ap
pearance at his office in a body
of 250 members of the Ameri
can Legion, who offered their
services in the preservation of
law and order during the city
wide strike of all union work
ers. which has been scheduled
to begin next Monday morning.
House Leader Mondell Says
Work Will Be Expedited.
Rail Bill Drafted.
Prospects for adjourning the special
session of Congress at the end of this
week were announced to the House
late yesterday by House Leader Mon
dell. He said that if necessary night
sessions will be held to expedite ac
The draft of the bill for permanent
railroad legislation was completed
last night. The House is to start
work on it. Tuesday and try to pass
it before the end of the week.
Leader Mondell said that by that
time the treaty situation in the Sen
ate would be such, lie thought, as to
j permit adjournment.
Anti-Strike Efforts Fail.
Repeated efforts to have tlic anti
strike provision included in the per
manent railroad disposal bill in com
mittee failed.
The committee worked all day on
the labor provisions. Various forms
of anti-strike legislation, including a
provision carrying fine and imprison
ment for strikers, were voted down,
none of the proposals receiving more
than a half dozen votes. A minority
report on this or other provisions, on
which the committee failed to agree
unanimously, is not. expected, but-the
dinagreelng conuritteemcF sMd they
weuld carry tho fight into th^ House.
The committee bill differs radically
from the Senate committee proposals.
No provision is made for creation of
a transportation board, which under
tho Senate measure would advise the
Interstate Commerce Commission of
the railroad matters. The House bill
centers about increasing authority of
the Interstate Commerce Commission
over the rail carriers, although pro
posals for giving the commission con
trol of water carriers anil telegraph and
telephone compaines were rejected.
Arbitration and Penalties.
j Voluntary arbitration through
| boards similar to those created dur
! ing the war was agreed on by the
committee. The only penalties pro
vided are assessment of damages
against a railroad for <1 lockout of
employes in violation of a contract, or
against a union authorizing a strike
that would violate a contract. Under
the provisions, the carrier would be
liable to double the damages suffered
by an employe from loss oi employ
ment, and the union would be liable,
for the full damages suffered by a car- '
rier because of breach of an employ- |
ment contract.
Damages would be colleotiblo by
court action, and any judgment j
against a union would be limited to
its common property, not including
insurance, pension or other benefit
The bill would set up two boards
for adjusting disputes with headquar
ters in Chimgo. Tho railway labor i
adjustment board would be composed j
of twenty union appointees and twen- !
ty representatives of the railway ex- )
ecutives, and function through a "con
ference committee." chosen from the
general membership of the board, to
represent each union directly inter
ested in the dispute and an equal
number of employer members. De
cisions would require concurrence of
two-thirds of the committee member
Failure by the adjustment board to
agree would refer the dispute auto
matically to the railway board of la
bor appeals, composed of nine mem
bers appointed by the President, with
equal representation being given em
ployes, employers and Uie public. De
cisions by this boai-^ on appealed
cases, however, would be made bV the
labor and employer representatives,
concurrence of five of the six mem- '
bcrs being required.
The appeal board also t**uld be
charged with a study of relations be- I
tween carriers and employes. The ?
public group would vote on all ques- '
tions except those certified from the
adjustment board.
Sale of Sate Making.
The committee bill contains a new |
statutory rule of rate making, requir- '
ing the Interstate Commerce Commis- '
sion to consider "the interest of the i
public, the shippers, the reasonable
cost of maintenance and operation, in- 1
eluding the wages of labor, deprecia- '
tion and taxes, and a fair return upon
the value of the property used or held
for the service of transportation," in '
reaching its conclusions.
Rates initiated by the railroad ad
ministration during government con
trol would be continued "until other
wise changed by or pursuant to au
thority of law," and the bill increases
the membership of the Interstate Com
merce Commission from nine to eleven
members, and salaries of members from
$10,000 to $12,000 a year.
Committee Reservation to
Peace Treaty Adopted bv
Majority of Fifteen.
Decision Expected Monday on the
Suggested Qualification of
Article X.
! A reservation to the peace treaty
I with Germany which would make the
United States sole judge of the na
tion's right to withdraw from the
league of nations, was adopted late
yesterday In the Senate by a vote of
50 to 35. Every republican and six
democrats either voted for the. reser
vation or were paired in its support.
The reservation, the first of thos-x
offered by the Senate foreign rela
tions committtee following the pre
amble?which was adopted Friday?
also authorizes Congress, by concur
rent resolution, to give notice of with
drawal of the United .States from the
league. A concurrent resolution doe*
not require the approval of the Pres
ident, and it was brought out in the
debate that It was precisely that end
desired ^>y the proponents of the res
Opponen t Suffer Defeat.
Attempts were made by administra
| tion senators and by two of the so
called mild reservationists on the rc
I publican side?Senators JlcCumber and
j Nelson?to strike out the clause giv
ing Congress power to take the nation
j out of the league without the ap
proval of the President. But all at
I tempts were defeated, and In the end
' Senator McCumber and Senator Nelson
j voted for the entire reservation.
The strength of the reservations of
fered by the foreign relations commit
tee was developed more and more
fully during the afternoon. It has
been claimed that Senator Lodge,
chairman of the committee, would be
able to muster 55 votes for the res
ervations as against 41 in opposition
to them. In the vote on the reserva
tion yesterday this proved precisely
the strength of the supporters, forty
; nine republicans and six democrats
making up the support.
Senator Lodge and other senators,
who are supporting the reservations,
were clearly pleased with the way In
which the fight over the treaty is de
I veloping. They believe that they wil'
! be able to hold their strength for thr
i committee reservations to the end. A
j raft of other reservations will be of
j fered by individual senators, and some
! of them also may be adopted.
Senator Lodge's Warning.
Senator Lodge reiterated his belief
j last night that if the opponents of the
1 reservations defeat the resolution of
ratification after the reservations have
' been attached to it by a majority of
: the Senate the treaty will be "dead"
i to all intents and purposes.
Whether the democrats, following
i lead of Senator Hitchcock, will vote
! against ratification of the treaty with
the reservations proposed by the Senate.
, in an attempt to bring about a dead
lock from which a compromise may be
1 negotiated acceptable to them and to
the President, remains to be seen. They
may expect fifteen to eighteen "irreson
eilables," nearly all of them republicans, N
to join with them in voting against the ?
ratification resolution proposed by sena
tor Lodge. Hut it is realized that in at
tempting to bring about such a dead
lock these senators are playing with
fire, and in the end may prevent rati
: fication of the treaty in any form.
Text of Reservation Adopetd.
The reservation adopted by the Sen
ate yesterday follows:
"The United States so understands
and construes article I that in case of
notice of withdrawal from the league
of nations, as provided in said article,
the United States shall be the sole
judge as to whether all its interna
tional obligations and all its obli
gations under the said covenant have
been fulfilled, and notice of with
drawal by the United States may be
given by a concurrent resolution of
the Congress of the United States."
Five democrats were recorded vot
ing for it?Senators Keed, Missouri;
Gore, Oklahoma; Smith, Georgia:
Walsh, Massachusetts, and Chamber
lain, Oregon. A sixth democrat?
Senator Shields?was paired in favor
of it.
Vote in Detail.
Following is the vote in detail:
For adoption?
Republicans?Ball. Borah, Brande
gee, Calder, Capper, Colt, Cummins,
Curtis, Dillingham, Edge. Fall, Fer
nald, France, Gronna, Hale. Harding.
Johnson of California, Jones of Wash
ington, Kenyon, Keyes, Knox, La
Follette, I.enroot, Lodge. McCormick,
McCumber. McLcan, McNary, Moses,
Nelson, New, Newberry, Norris, J 'age,
X'enrose, Phipps, Poindexter, Sherman,
Smoot, Spencer, Sterling, Townsend.
Wadsworth, Warren and Watson?
Democrats ? Chamberlain. Gore,
Reed, Smith of Georgia and Walsh of
Tota?, *0.
Against -republicans?none.
Democrats?Ashurst, Culberson, Dial,
Fletcher, Gay, Gerry, Harris, Harri
son, Henderson, Hitchcock, Johnson
of South Dakota, .rones of Sew Mexi
co. Kendrick, King. Kirby, McK.e!!cr,
Myers, Nugent. Overman, Owen, Phe
lan, Pittman. Pomerene. Robinson,
Sheppard, Smith of Arizona, Smith of
Maryland; Smith of South Carolina.
Swanson, Thomas, Trammell. Under
wood. Walsh of Montana, Williams
and Wolcott. Total, 35.
The eleven ?ent>or? not voting ww>
(Continued on Fourth Pap? >

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